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IV  F 

CH/C  ACO 


h/A  7~c  v  /  V  / 


I 


HISTORICAL  REVIEW 


OF 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK 

COUNTY 

AND  SELECTED  BIOGRAPHY 


A.  N.  WATERMAN,  A.  B.,  LL.  D. 

EDITOR   AND  AUTHOR  OF  HISTORICAL   Ri:VIi:\V 


VOLUME  II 


ILLUSTRATED 


THE   LEWIS   PUBLISHING   COMPANY 

CHICAGO  NEW  YORK 

1908 


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THE  NEW  YORK 
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CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 


Che  Courts  and  the  Bar 

Until  the  early  thirties  the  local  judiciary  consisted  of  justices  of 
the  peace.  The  pioneer  John  Kinzie  was  recommended  for  justice 
of  the  peace  in  June,  1821,  when  Chicago  was  a  part  of  Pike  county; 
also  in  1823,  when  Chicago  was  in  Fulton  county,  and  was  recommis- 
sioned  in  July,  1825,  after  the  organization  of  Peoria  county,  in 
which  Chicago  was  included.     Other  justices  were : 

Alexander  Wolcott  and  Jean  Baptiste  Beaubien.  appointed  Sep- 
tember,  1825. 

John  L.  Bogardus,  appointed  January,  1826. 

John  S.  C.  Hogan,  elected  (by  new  law  of  1826)  July,  1830. 

Stephen  Forbes,  elected  November,   1830. 

At  the  organization  of  Cook  county  in  183 1  there  were  four  jus- 
tices, commissioned,  in  May,  183 1,  one  of  them  being  Archibald  Cly- 
bourne,  who  lived  on  a  farm  now  within  the  city  limits.  Russell  E. 
Heacock  became  a  justice  in  September,  1831,  Isaac  Harmon  was 
elected  in  June,  1832,  and  in  July,  1834,  a  large  majority  of  the  voters 
gave  the  honor  of  this  office  to  John  Dean  Caton.  Until  after  the 
organization  of  Cook  county  the  only  recorded  business  before  the 
justices  was  marriages. 

The  territory  of  Cook  county,  as  formed  in   1831,  was  made  a 

part  of  the  fifth  judicial  circuit,  which  then  comprised  all  the  coun- 

„  ties  of  northern  Illinois,  fifteen  in  number  (since  di- 

C   IRCIJIT  . 

^  vided  into  more  than  twice  that  number).     Richard 

Court.  .  ' 

M.  Young,  one  of  the  earliest  lawyers  and  judges  of 

Illinois,  was  appointed  judge  of  this  district.     The  records  of  his 

court  in  Cook  county,  if  there  were  any,  have  been  destroyed,  and  it 

is  on  traditional  authority  stated  that  he  held  court  in  Fort  Dearborn 

in   1 83 1  and  1832.     The  late  Thomas  Hoyne,  who  did  not  become 

Vol.  II— 1 


498  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

a  resident  of  Chicago  till  the  fall  of  1837,  stated  that  Judge  Young 
held  court  in  September,  1833,  and  in  May,  1834.  It  is  probable 
that  the  first  case  of  record  was  tried  at  the  latter  date. 

By  act  of  January  17,  1835,  Cook  county  became  part  of  the 
newly  created  sixth  circuit  (embracing  nine  counties,  or  about  a  third 
of  the  state).  Thomas  Ford,  who  had  been  state's  attorney  in  the 
fifth  circuit,  was  appointed  judge  of  the  district.  The  terms  in  Cook 
county  in  1835  were  held  by  Sidney  Breese  and  Stephen  T.  Logan 
respectively,  Judge  Ford  presiding  here  at  the  two  sessions  of  1836. 
The  First  Presbyterian  church  (north  of  the  present  Sherman  House, 
and  fronting  on  Clark  street)  was  the  court  house  during  these  two 
years,  and  in  that  pioneer  religious  edifice  several  hundred  cases  were 
tried,  including  the  second  murder  trial  in  Chicago  and  the  famous 
Beaubien  land  case. 

The  seventh  judicial  circuit  was  created  by  act  of  February  4, 
1837,  embracing  the  counties  of  Cook,  Will,  McHenry,  Kane,  La- 
Salle  and  Iroquois.  The  judge  of  this  circuit,  until  November  20, 
1840,  was  John  Pearson,  who  has  been  described  as  "a  poor  lawyer 
and  an  industrious  office-seeker."  His  selection  was  very  distasteful 
to  most  of  the  Chicago  attorneys,  and  it  was  only  by  great  forbear- 
ance on  their  part  that  an  open  rupture  was  prevented.  At  least  one 
effort  was  made  to  impeach  this  judge,  and  in  several  instances  the 
unpleasant  relations  between  judge  and  bar  were  brought  to  the  at- 
tention of  the  supreme  court.  A  man  of  strong  prejudices,  obstinate, 
sometimes  petty  in  his  ways,  and  differing  in  politics  with  the  major- 
ity of  the  lawyers  practicing  before  him,  he  never  succeeded  in  im- 
pressing the  bar  with  his  uprightness  as  a  judge  and  the  complete 
integrity  of  his  purpose. 

Within  the  term  of  Judge  Pearson  belongs  the  history  of  the  first 
municipal  court.  This  was  a  court  of  concurrent  jurisdiction  with 
the  circuit  court  within  the  limits  of  the  city,  and  it  did  much  to 
relieve  the  overcrowded  docket  of  the  latter  court.  The  provisions 
for  the  establishment  of  this  court  are  contained  in  the  first  city  char- 
ter, and  Thomas  Ford,  who  had  recently  resigned  as  judge  of  the 
sixth  circuit,  was  appointed  by  the  legislature  as  its  first  judge.  Its 
sessions,  fixed  to  begin  every  other  month,  were  practically  contin- 
uous during  the  existence  of  the  court.  The  court's  principal  activity 
was  in  the  trial  of  debtor  cases  growing  out  of  the  business  depres- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  499 

sion  following  1837,  and  it  was  largely  due  to  the  convenience  of 
the  court  as  a  medium  of  justice  between  debtor  and  creditor  and  its 
ready  despatch  of  judicial  business  that  an  opposition  to  the  court 
arose,  which  resulted  in  the  legislature  abolishing  the  court,  February 
15,  1839.     Its  records  were  transferred  to  the  circuit  court. 

The  next  judge  of  the  seventh  circuit,  who  began  the  spring  term 
at  Chicago  in  April,  1841,  was  Judge  T.  W.  Smith,  who  found  over 
a  thousand  cases  awaiting  trial.  By  an  act  of  the  legislature  in  Feb- 
ruary, 1 84 1,  the  nine  circuit  judges  of  the  state  had  been  legislated 
out  of  office,  and  the  supreme  court  increased  to  nine  members,  who 
in  addition  to  their  duties  as  judges  of  the  supreme  court,  held  the 
respective  circuit  courts,  the  supreme  court  Jiaving  two  terms  each 
year.  This  arrangement  continued  until  the  adoption  of  the  con- 
stitution of  1848.  Judge  Smith  was  popular  with  the  Chicago  bar, 
and  much  esteemed  for  his  high  order  of  talent  and  legal  attainments. 
He  resigned  December  26,  1842.  At  the  spring  term  of  the  latter 
year  a  severe  illness  prevented  him  from  presiding  in  Cook  county, 
and  in  his  stead  Stephen  A.  Douglas  was  assigned  to  this  court  for 
a  special  term  beginning  July  18,  1842,  this  being  the  only  time  Mr. 
Douglas  served  Chicago  as  judge. 

Judge  Smith's  successor  in  the  seventh  circuit  was  Richard  M. 
Young,  who  had  been  commissioned  a  justice  of  the  supreme  court, 
January  14,  1843.  This  pioneer  judge  continued  to  hold  court  perio- 
dically in  Cook  county  until  his  resignation  in  January,  1847,  '^vhen 
he  was  succeeded  by  Jesse  B.  Thomas,  Jr.,  who  was  judge  until  the 
new  order  of  things  instituted  by  the  constitution  of  1848. 

In  the  meantime  the  judicial  business  of  this  county  had  been 
steadily  increasing,  and  the  court  was  unable  in  three  sessions  of  the 
circuit  court  each  year,  as  provided  by  act  of  1843,  to  properly  dispose 
of  the  cases  ready  for  hearing.     Therefore,  in  February,   1845,  the 

legislature  established  "a  Cook  County  Court"  of 
„  record,  with  jurisdiction  concurrent  with  the  circuit 

courts,  to  hold  four  terms  each  year.  Hugh  T. 
Dickey,  who  was  the  first  judge  of  this  court  and  held  the 
first  term  of  this  court  in  May,  1845,  1^^*^  h^ow  a  member  of 
the  Chicago  bar  since  1838,  and  by  his  ability  as  a  lawyer  and  his 
dignified,  impartial  conduct  on  the  bench  at  once  brought  this  court 
into  favor  with  the  bar  and  the  public. 


500  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

By  the  constitution  of  1S48  the  circuit  courts  were  re-established. 
Nine  circuits  were  created,  each  of  which  elected  a  judge  for  six 
years.  According  to  power  conferred  by  the  constitution,  the  general 
assembly  increased  the  number  of  circuits  until,  before  the  constitu- 
tion of  1848  was  replaced  by  that  of  1870,  there  were  thirty  circuits. 
By  the  new  constitution  the  supreme  court  consisted  of  three  judges, 
each  elected  for  a  term  of  nine  years. 

The  new  constitution  provided  that  the  jurisdiction  of  the  county 
court  should  extend  "to  all  probate  and  such  other  jurisdiction  as  the 
general  assembly  may  confer  in  civil  cases,  and  such  criminal  cases  as 
may  be  prescribed  by  law."  punishable  by  fine  not  exceeding  one  hun- 
dred dollars.  It  was  also  provided  that  the  county  judge,  who  was  to 
be  elected  for  four  years,  with  such  justices  of  the  peace  as  were 
designated  by  law,  should  hold  court  for  the  transaction  of  county 
business,  thus  replacing  the  county  commissioners  court  and  judge 
of  probate  of  the  previous  constitution. 

The  schedule  of  the  constitution  continued  the  existence  of  the 
Cook  county  court  as  already  established.  Hugh  T.  Dickey  resigned 
as  judge,  and  was  elected  judge  for  the  newly  created  seventh  judicial 
circuit.  His  successor  in  the  county  court  was  Giles  Spring.  In 
order  to  distinguish  the  original  Cook  county  court,  established  in 
1845,  from  the  new  county  court  (whose  duties  were  largely  admin- 
istrative and  probate),  the  legislature  (act  of  November  5,  1849) 
changed  the  title  to  "Cook  County  Court  of  Common  Pleas,"  and 
it  was  given  equal  jurisdiction  with  the  Cook  county  circuit  court. 
Already  the  dockets  of  the  two  courts  were  crowded  beyond  the 
capacity  of  the  two  judges. 

The  superior  court  of  Cook  county,  which  now  has  twelve  judges, 
originated  in  the  old  Cook  County  Court  of  1845,  which  later  took 

the  additional  name  "of  Common  Pleas."     In  Feb- 

jTJPF'RTOTi 

P  ruary,  1859,  the  legislature  amended  the  original  act 

so  that  the  court  known  as  the  Cook  County  Court 
of  Common  Pleas  was  continued  with  all  its  powers,  jurisdiction  and 
authority,  and  with  the  additional  jurisdiction  conferred  by  the  act. 
It  was  to  be  composed  of  three  justices,  and  thereafter  known  as  the 
"Superior  Court  of  Chicago."  John  M.  Wilson,  judge  at  the  time  of 
the  passage  of  this  act,  was  continued  a  member  of  the  court,  and  as 
his  associates  Grant  Goodrich  and  Van  Hollis  Higgins  were  elected 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  501 

in  February,  1859.     The  superior  court  of  Chicago  became,  by  the 
constitution  of  1870,  the  Superior  Court  of  Cook  County. 

From  1853  until  the  adoption  of  the  constitution  of  1870  the 
recorder's  court  of  Chicago  was  in  existence.  It  was  estabhshed  by  act 
of  February  12,  1853,  ^^  "^^^  inferior  court  of  civil  and  criminal 
jurisdiction"  (concurrent  within  said  city  with  the  circuit  court  in 
all  criminal  cases,  except  treason  and  murder,  and  having  jurisdiction 
of  civil  cases  where  the  amount  in  controversy  did  not  exceed  one 
hundred  dollars).  Robert  S.  Wilson  was  the  first  judge,  and  the 
first  clerk  was  Philip  A.  Hoyne,  brother  of  Thomas  Hoyne. 

The  first  circuit  judge  to  hold  court  in  Chicago,  following  the 
organization  of  Cook  county  in  183 1.  was  Richard  M.  Young,  who 

had  been  commissioned  judge  of  the  fifth  circuit, 
^  *      comprising  all  the  state  north  of  the  Illinois  river,  in 

January,  1829.  From  his  residence  at  Quincy  he 
had  to  ride  over  all  northern  Illinois,  as  far  as  Chicago,  to  attend  the 
different  courts.  It  is  said  that  he  held  a  court  session  in  Fort  Dear- 
born in  1 83 1  and  the  following  year  in  the  house  of  James  Kinzie. 
though  there  is  no  record  of  the  proceedings.  In  1835  his  circuit 
was  limited  so  as  to  place  Cook  county  in  the  sixth  circuit,  but  as  an 
associate  justice  of  the  supreme  court  (1843-1847)  he  frequently 
held  court  in  Chicago.  He  was  United  States  senator  from  Illinois 
1837  to  1843.  The  close  of  his  life  was  disastrously  clouded  by  in- 
sanity. 

The  court  sessions  held  by  Judge  Young  in  the  first  years  of  Chi- 
cago's history  were  events  of  great  importance  not  only  to  those 
especially  interested  in  the  proceedings  of  the  court,  but  to  the  citi- 
zens in  general.  "When  circuit  court  was  in  session,"  said  Thomas 
Hoyne  in  speaking  of  the  "Lawyer  as  a  Pioneer,"  "probably  every 
member  of  the  bar  was  in  attendance.  There  were  no  district  tele- 
graphs nor  telephones,  and  during  the  term  time  the  lawyers  kept 
no  oflice  hours.  Besides,  the  entire  number  was  only  twenty-seven 
persons." 

From  1855  until  his  death  in  May,  1863,  the  judge  of  the  seventh 

judicial   circuit,    comprising   Cook   and   Lake  counties,   was   George 

Manierre.      As  a  historic  figure  in  the  public  life  of 

,,  the  city  and  state  during  the  middle  period  of  the 

Manierre.       ,  ^  ,      ,       ,         ,  , 

last  century  he  has  been  honored  as  a  statesman. 


502  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

journalist,  lawyer  and  jurist.  Originally  a  Democrat,  he  was  chair- 
man of  the  committee  on  resolutions  in  the  famous  Aurora  conven- 
tion of  September,  1854,  presented  the  party  platform  and  suggested 
the  name  "Republican"  for  the  new  party.  In  Chicago  affairs,  he 
is  to  be  remembered  for  the  part  he  took  in  the  establishment  of 
Lincoln  Park,  as  a  member  of  the  first  board  of  regents  of  the  old 
Chicago  University  in  1859,  one  of  the  creators  of  the  Law  Institute 
and  Library,  a  founder  of  the  Chicago  Historical  Society,  and  a  de- 
voted friend  of  public  education,  in  token  of  which  a  school  on  the 
north  side  bears  his  name.  At  one  time  he  was  editor  of  the  Chicago 
Democrat.  He  was  born  in  Connecticut,  began  studying  law  in 
New  York  City,  came  to  Chicago  in  1835,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
1839,  and  from  that  time  until  his  death  was  constantly  in  some 
'official  service.  As  city  attorney  during  the  early  forties,  he  prepared 
a  digest  of  the  original  charter  and  municipal  ordinances  which  was 
the  standard  of  authority  until  1853. 

At  the  time  of  the  adoption  of  the  constitution  of  1870  the  state 
courts  of  record  in  Chicago  were  ( i )  the  circuit  court,  over  which 
one  judge  presided,  that  judge  being,  in  1870,  Erastus  S.  Williams; 
(2)  the  superior  court  of  Chicago,  over  which  three  judges  presided, 
each  of  the  judges  usually  holding  a  branch  of  the  court;  (3)  the 
recorder's  court;  and  (4)  the  county  court  of  Cook  county,  which 
then  had  probate  jurisdiction.  Judge  Williams  sat  in  Lake  county  as 
the  judge  of  the  circuit  court  until  after  1870,  the  counties  of  Lake  and 
Cook  constituting  the  judicial  circuit  for  which  he  was  judge,  prior 
to  the  adoption  of  the  constitution  of  1870.  In  addition  there  were 
the  federal  courts. 

In  1870  Cook  county  was  constituted  one  judicial  circuit,  and  the 
Cook  county  circuit  court  was  given  five  judges,  one  of  whom  was 
the  judge  of  the  recorder's  court.  Judge  Williams,  who  presided  over 
the  court  before  the  change,  William  K.  McAllister,  former  judge  of 
the  recorder's  court,  and  William  W.  Farwell,  Henry  Booth  and 
John  G.  Rogers,  elected  as  additional , judges,  were  the  first  set  of 
judges  of  the  circuit  court  as  constituted  in  1870. 

The  recorder's  court  was  continued  under  a  new  name,  the  "crim- 
inal court  of  Cook  county,"  one  of  the  judges  from  the  circuit  or 
superior  courts  being  assigned  to  it. 

From  five   judges   in    1870  the   circuit   court   now   has    fourteen 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  503 

judges,  the  increase  having  been  authorized  by  the  legislature  in  ac- 
cordance with  the  increase  of  population  in  the  county. 

The  constitution  having  authorized  the  establishment  of  appellate 
courts,  the  legislature  in  1877  created  four  such  courts  for  as  many 
districts  in  the  state.  Cook  county  was  made- one  district.  The 
judges  of  such  court  were  to  be  three  circuit  judges,  assigned  by  the 
supreme  court  for  the  term  of  three  years.  The  judges  first  assigned 
to  the  appellate  court  in  Cook  county,  for  the  September  term  of 
1877,  were  W.  W.  Heaton,  George  W.  Pleasants  and  Theodore  D. 
Murphy.  The  volume  of  business  coming  within  the  jurisdiction  of 
the  appellate  court  increased  until  a  branch  court  was  established  in 
Cook  county. 

One  of  the  strongest  political  figures  in  Illinois  during  the  middle 
period  of  the  last  century  was  Ebenezer  Peck.     A  natural  leader  of 

men,  and  at  the  same  time  an  able  and  industrious 
p  lawyer,  it  is  natural  that  his  name  should  as  it  does 

often  appear  in  the  history  of  his  times.  To  the  legal 
profession  of  the  present  day  lie  is  probably  most  widely  known  as 
the  reporter  of  the  supreme  court  who  first  gave  to  these  the  name 
"Illinois  Reports,"  and  who  edited  the  volumes  from  eleven  to  thirty. 
From  1863  to  1875  ^^  was  one  of  the  judges  of  the  court  of  claims  at 
Washington.  He  came  to  Chicago  in  1835,  having  been  born  in 
Maine  and  having  risen  to  prominence  in  law  and  politics  in  Mon- 
treal. He  and  J.  D.  Caton  have  always  been  regarded  as  the  principal 
authors  of  the  first  charter  of  the  city  of  Chicago.  For  some  years 
he  was  in  politics  a  Democrat,  but  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Republican  party  in  Illinois  and  one  of  its  most  influential  leaders, 
as  well  as  a  close  friend  and  admirer  of  Lincoln. 

It  is  noticeable  that  the  early  lawyers  of  Chicago,  with  very  few 

exceptions,  came  from  New  York  and  the  New  England  states.     The 

_.  ^       state  of  Kentucky,  however,  produced  Buckner  S. 

BUCKNER   S.        ,,.  .  r  -1  11-  e 

^  Morns,  a  conspicuous  figure  in  the  early  history  of 

the  bar.  He  was  somewhat  peculiar  in  character,  an 
impetuous,  kind-hearted,  upright  man,  who  believed  in  the  justice  of 
slavery.  Largely  on  the  ground  of  his  outspoken  sympathy  with  those 
struggling  to  maintain  the  existence  of  the  conditions  amid  which 
he  was  reared,  he  was  arrested  during  the  war  and  tried  by 
a    court    martial    for    plotting    to    free    rebel    prisoners.     He    was 


504  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

acquitted,  there  being  no  evidence  of  his  having  done  anything 
but  speak  intemperately  and  hastily  of  the  war  to  maintain  the 
Union.  Thereafter  he  retired  from  active  practice  and  died  in  1879. 
He  was  connected  with  pubHc  affairs  in  various  capacities.  He  began 
practice  at  Chicago  in  1835,  and  in  1838  was  elected  mayor  of  the 
city.  Some  of  his  partners  in  practice  were  J.  Y.  Scammon,  Grant 
Goodrich,  and  John  J.  Brown.  In  1853  he  succeeded  Hugh  T.  Dickey 
as  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  serving  out  an  unexpired 
term.  As  a  jurist  no  man  was  more  ready  to  acknowledge  a  misap- 
prehension of  the  law  or  misunderstanding  of  the  facts. 

Peace!  troubled  soul, 

The  waves  that  rose  so  high 

And  shook  the  solid  earth 

Are  BOW  at  rest, 

While  they  who  rode  upon  the  stormy  sea 

Clasp    hands    on    fields    0  'er    which    they    fought. 

The  first  lawyer  that  came  to  Chicago  to  reside,  though  not  to 
engage  in  regular  practice,  was  Charles  Jouett,  who  was  sent  here  as 
Indian  agent  in  1805.  (This  is  on  the  authority  of  the  late  Judge 
Elliott  Anthony.)  He  was  born  in  Virginia  in  1772,  studied  law  at 
Charlottesville,  Virginia,  and  was  appointed  by  Thomas  Jefferson - 
Indian  agent  at  Detroit  in  1802.  In  1805  he  was  appointed  Indian 
agent  at  Chicago,  and  on  October  26,  1805,  assumed  charge,  by  direc- 
tion of  the  government,  of  the  Sacs,  Foxes  and  Pottawattomies.  He 
was  again  appointed  Indian  agent  at  Chicago  by  President  Madison 
in  181 5,  and  moved  here  with  his  family  in  that  year. 

It  is  said  that  Giles  Spring  was  the  first  lawyer  to  make  a  living 
by  his  profession  in  Chicago.    He  arrived  in  the  village  in  1833  a  few 

days  before  John  Dean  Caton,  and  from  that  time 
^^  until  his  death  in  May,  1851,  was  one  of  the  best 

known  members  of  the  bar.  He  was  judge  of  the 
Cook  county  court  of  common  pleas  at  the  time  of  his  death.  Of 
him  Judge  Goodrich  said :  "Spring  was  a  phenomenon,  a  natural 
born  lawyer.  His  education  was  quite  limited,  and  he  paid  little  re- 
spect to  rule  of  grammar,  yet  could  present  cases  to  court  and  jury 
with  clearness  and  force  seldom  equaled.  He  seemed  sometimes  to 
have  an  intuitive  knowledge  of  the  law  and  mastery  of  its  profound- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  505 

est  and  most  subtle  principles.  His  brain  worked  with  the  rapidity  of 
lightning  and  the  force  of  an  engine."  Giles  Spring  was  born  in 
Massachusetts  in  1807,  when  a  young  man  moved  to  the  "Western 
Reserve,"  studied  law  at  Ashtabula  with  the  notable  men,  Ben  F. 
Wade  and  Joshua  R.  Giddings,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Ohio  bar. 
He  and  J.  D.  Caton  were  usually  ranged  on  opposite  sides  of  the  im- 
portant cases  before  the  early  courts.  "The  only  rivalry  between  us," 
wrote  Judge  Caton,  "was  as  to  who  could  most  zealously  serve  his 
client,  with  the  greatest  courtesy  and  kindness  to  each  other."  A 
man  of  lovable  disposition,  confirmed  in  the  high  regard  of  the  com- 
munity both  by  character  and  ability,  he  was  unfortunately  a  victim 
of  drink,  and  his  premature  death  was  attributed  to  this  influence. 

Living  near  Fort  Dearborn  in  1828,  on  the  south  branch  of  the 
river  at  a  place  called  "Heacock's  Point,"  was  Russell  E.  Heacock. 

Born  in  Litchfield,  Connecticut,  in  1780,  a  carpenter 

l-«  TTCCTI^T  T        \~i 

■       by  trade,  he  studied  law  in  St.  Louis  in  1806,  and 
Heacock.        ,.,  ■     .  ,.  ,   ,  ,     .       .    , 

like  other  pioneers,  discovered  the  need  of  varied  ac- 
tivities while  a  resident  of  Chicago  during  the  twenties  and  early  thir- 
ties. In  183 1  he  was  licensed  to  keep  a  tavern,  and  in  the  same  year 
was  made  a  justice  of  the  peace.  In  1835  his  law  ofiice  was  in  a 
building  at  the  corner  of  Lake  and  Franklin.  Historical  testimony 
afiirms  that  he  was  a  man  of  remarkable  independence  in  thought  and 
action.  For  example,  he  was  the  only  one  of  the  thirteen  residents  of 
Chicago  to  vote  against  the  incorporation  of  the  village.  The  late 
James  B.  Bradwell  said  of  him :  "As  a  public  speaker  pleasing,  in- 
structive and  often  eloquent;  his  outspokenness,  his  fine  conversa- 
tional powers,  his  generosity  and  frankness  of  character,  and  his  in- 
exhaustible fund  of  narrative  and  anecdote  made  him  most  compan- 
able."  He  helped  organize  Cook  county  and  brought  the  first  suits 
in  its  circuit  courts.  During  the  canal  agitation,  he  advocated  the 
"shallow  cut"  instead  of  the  "deep  cut,"  and  when  the  state  became 
bankrupt  the  canal  was  constructed  according  to  his  original  ideas, 
though  they  had  been  the  object  of  much  ridicule  and  he  was  called 
"Shallow  Cut"  Heacock.  He  died  in  1849,  having  been  a  paralytic 
since  1843.  Concerning  his  log  cabin  residence.  Judge  Anthony  says 
it  was  situated  "about  three  quarters  of  a  mile  southeast  of  the  lock 
at  Bridgeport  and  about  one  mile  south  of  Hardscrabble." 


5o6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

"The  judicial  annals  of  our  state,"  declares  Judge  Anthony,  in 
estimating  the  achievements  of  John  Dean  Caton,  "are  his  monu- 
ment." Judge  Caton  survived  all  his  earliest  Chi- 
-'  "  cago  contemporaries,  and  though  he  had  long  before 

retired  from  active  practice,  he  was  at  the  time  of 
his  death  in  1895  regarded  as  the  ablest  and  most  revered  representa- 
tive of  the  old  Cook  county  bar.  Of  Irish  stock  and  a  colonial  Vir- 
ginia family  that  settled  in  New  York  after  the  Revolution,  he  was 
born  in  Orange  county.  New  York,  March  19,  181 2.  As  a  boy  he 
was  a  support  to  his  widowed  mother,  and  the  hardships  of  his  youth- 
ful experiences  on  a  farm  caused  him  shuddering  recollections  all  his 
life.  He  learned  harness  making,  but  the  trade  was  distasteful,  and 
he  then  became  a  wagoner  and  peddler.  At  the  age  of  seventeen  he 
began  attendance  at  an  academy,  studying  law  also,  and  supported 
himself  by  teaching  and  farming.  He  had  learned  the  rudiments  of 
the  law  when  he  came  west  in  1833,  and  in  the  fall  of  that  year,  when 
he  took  the  admission  examination  before  Judge  Lockwood,  the  latter 
concluded  the  test  by  saying,  "Young  man,  I  shall  give  you  a  license; 
but  you  have  a  great  deal  to  learn  to  make  you  a  good  lawyer.  If 
you  work  hard  you  will  attain  it" — which  he  did  by  becoming  asso- 
ciate justice  of  the  state  supreme  court  within  nine  years.  He  lived 
on  a  farm  for  several  years,  and  soon  after  resuming  practice  in  1842 
was  appointed  to  the  supreme  court  as  successor  of  Governor-elect 
Ford.  He  was  one  of  the  first  judges  under  the  new  system  by  which 
each  of  the  nine  supreme  justices  presided  over  one  of  the  Illinois 
circuits.  By  the  constitution  of  1848  it  was  provided  that  the  su- 
preme court  should  consist  of  three  judges  elected  by  the  people,  with- 
out circuit  duties.  Judge  Caton  was  re-elected  to  its  bench, 
and  honored  that  high  office  until  his  resignation  in  1864,  having 
been  chief  justice  of  that  court  during  the  last  seven  years.  He  was 
active  in  constructing  and  largely  responsible  for  the  successful  com- 
pletion of  the  telegraph  lines  comprised  under  the  old  Illinois  and 
Mississippi  Telegraph  Company,  and  which  were  afterward  leased 
to  the  Western  Union.  Judge  Caton  was  a  student  of  many  branches 
of  learning,  and  during  his  later  years  traveled  extensively. 

"He  was  a  man  who  had  great  strength  of  character,  and  was 
characterized  by  sound  judgment  and  most  excellent  common  sense. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  507 

He  was  not  what  would  be  called  a  skilled  pleader  and  an  adroit  prac- 
titioner, but  his  plain  and  rugged  manner  of  presenting  every  ques- 
tion to  a  jury  was  something  which  was  highly  commended  by  the 
old  pioneers  and  commanded  their  admiration.  He  was  honest  and 
fair,  and  despised  anything  that  smacked  of  trickery."  Judge  Caton, 
it  is  claimed,  brought  the  first  suit  in  the  circuit  court  at  Chicago, 
and  tried  the  first  jury  cases  in  Cook,  Will  and  Kane  counties.  His 
was  the  first  law  office  in  Chicago,  and  Giles  'Spring,  his  forensic  op- 
ponent, had  desk  room  in  the  same  office.  The  office  was  a  back  room 
and  attic  in  Dr.  Temple's  building  on  Lake  street.  It  fell  to  the  lot 
of  Judge  Caton,  shortly  after  his  elevation  to  the  supreme  bench,  to 
preside  at  the  historic  trial  of  the  People  vs.  Lovejoy  in  Bureau 
county,  and  in  instructing  the  jury  he  voiced  emphatically  the  princi- 
ple that  "if  a  man  voluntarily  brings  his  slave  into  a  free  state  the 
slave  becomes  free." 

In  the  celebrated  Lovejoy  case  in  which  Judge  Caton  was  presid- 
ing judge,  mentioned  above,  Lovejoy's  lawyer  was  James  H.  Collins. 

who  had  been  a  practicing  lawyer  in  New  York  be- 
•^„  '        fore  coming  to  Illinois,  and  in  whose  office  young 

Caton  had  studied  while  gaining  the  rudiments.  On 
moving  west  in  1833  he  had  farmed  for  a  while  in  Kendall  county, 
and  in  1834  became  Caton's  partner  in  Chicago  and  was  later  asso- 
ciated with  Justin  Butterfield.  Collins,  according  to  the  testimony  of 
one  of  his  contemporaries,  "was  indefatigable,  dogmatic,  never  giv- 
ing up,  and  if  the  court  decided  one  point  against  him  he  was  ready 
with  another,  and  if  that  was  overmled,  still  others."  He  became 
noted  for  his  skill  as  a  special  pleader  and  for  the  great  care  which 
he  bestowed  upon  the  preparation  of  all  cases.  It  is  said  that  he  was 
at  much  at  home  on  the  chancery  side  as  on  the  common-law  side  of 
the  court.  Possessed  of  an  iron  will,  he  became  a  strong  and  ad- 
vancing force  as  one  of  the  earliest  and  most  determined  of  the  aboli- 
tionists, and  was  well  fitted  to  play  the  part  he  did  in  the  Lovejoy 
case.    He  died  at  Ottawa  in  1854. 

Mr.  Collins  originated  the  famous  litigation  against  the  Illinois 
Central  Railroad  for  its  absorption  of  the  lake  front.  The  "made 
land"  south  of  the  government  pier  had  been  purchased  by  the  rail- 
road company,  and  to  utilize  this  its  tracks  had  been  constructed  along 


5o8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

the  edge  of  the  lake,  back  of  Mr.  ColHns'  dwelHng.  Before  Judge 
Skinner,  March  28,  1853,  Mr.  ColHns  presented  an  application  for 
an  injunction  to  prohibit  the  use  of  these  tracks,  claiming  that  his 
frontage  upon  the  lake  gave  him  an  ownership  to  the  middle  of  the 
lake.  The  railroad  finally  settled  his  claim  by  a  cash  payment,  and 
also  disposed  of  similar  claims  of  several  other  owners  of  land  upon 
the  lake  front. 

Associated  with  James  H.  Collins  from  1835  to  1843  was  Justin 
Butterfield,   a  lawyer  of  national  reputation,   whose  connection  not 

only  with  the  bar  but  the  civic  interests  of  Chicago 
-r^    ^  was  of  enduring  importance.     He  was  one  of  the 

trustees  of  Rush  Medical  College  at  its  incorpora- 
tion in  1837;  drew  up  the  canal  bill  of  1842,  as  a  result  of  which  suffi- 
cient money  was  advanced  by  the  bondholders  to  complete  the  canal ; 
as  a  Whig  he  was  appointed  by  President  Taylor  commissioner  of 
the  general  land  office  as  against  Abraham  Lincoln,  who  was  his 
competitor  for  the  place  and  who  had  the  endorsement  of  the  Illinois 
delegation.  Butterfield  obtained  the  office  through  the  superior  in- 
fluence of  Daniel  Webster.  Webster  was  the  ideal  and  model  for 
Butterfield,  and  the  latter  carried  his  admiration  so  far  as  to  imitate 
the  great  statesman  in  dress  and  methods  of  practice.  Mr.  Butter- 
field had  a  sharp,  decisive  and  incisive  way  of  presenting  a  case  that 
never  failed  to  arrest  attention.  He  "was  strong,  logical,  full  of 
vigor  and  resources,"  is  Isaac  N.  Arnold's  tribute;  "wielding  the 
weapons  of  sarcasm  and  irony  with  crushing  power,  and  was  espe- 
cially effective  in  invective.  Great  as  he  was  before  the  supreme  court 
and  everywhere  on  questions  of  law,  he  lacked  the  tact  and  skill  to  be 
equally  successful  before  a  jury."  His  logic  and  resourceful  knowl- 
edge of  law  were  such  that  he  never  resorted  to  superficial  ridicule 
and  abuse  to  gain  his  points,  and  yet  many  anecdotes  are  told  of  a 
certain  grim  humor  that  often  adorned  his  argument. ' 

It  is  said  that  Mr.  Butterfield  came  west  when  too  old  to  conform 
readily  to  the  ways  of  the  new  country,  and  did  not  mix  so  well  with 
western  people  as  some  of  the  younger  lawyers.  He  was  college  bred 
and  a  New  Englander,  born  at  Keene,  New  Hampshire,  in  1790. 
Largely  by  his  own  efforts  he  obtained  an  education,  entering  Wil- 
liams College  in  1807,  and  in  18 12  was  admitted  to  the  bar.    He  prac- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  509 

ticed  for  some  time  in  western  New  York,  and  for  twelve  years  was 
one  of  the  leaders  of  the  bar  at  New  Orleans.  He  died  in  Octo- 
ber, 1855. 

The  first  clerk  of  the  city  of  Chicago  was  Isaac  N.  Arnold,  who 
at  the  time  of  his  election,  in  March,  1837,  was  a  young  lawyer  who 

had  arrived  in  Chicago  the  previous  fall  and  had 
.  *         earned  his  first  fees  by  drawing  up  real  estate  and 

general  contracts.  He  soon  resigned  the  cit}^  clerk- 
ship, and,  associated  with  Mahlon  D.  Ogden,  rapidly  acquired  a  fore- 
most position  among  the  Chicago  bar.  'Tn  that  persuasive  style  of 
address  which  tells  most  effectually  on  the  average  juror  he  had  no 
superior."  He  was  connected  with  many  important  cases,  being  the 
principal  attorney  in  the  case  carried  to  the  United  States  supreme 
court  in  1843,  when  that  court,  by  Chief  Justice  Taney,  held  unconsti- 
tutional the  statute  of  Illinois  providing  that  unless  the  prop- 
erty of  a  judgment  debtor  should  realize  two  thirds  of  its 
appraised  value  it  should  not  be  sold  under  execution.  Per- 
haps the  greatest  service  he  rendered  in  the  public  affairs  of 
his  state  was  his  persistent  defense  of  the  public  credit  dur- 
ing a  time  when  many  men  favored  the  repudiation  of  debts 
incurred  by  the  state  under  the  sanction  of  a  reckless  legisla- 
ture. Mr.  Arnold  had  a  long  and  active  public  career,  both  in  state 
and  national  affairs.  He  was  elected  to  Congress  in  i860  and  served 
till  near  the  close  of  the  war.  His  active  hostility  to  slavery  had 
brought  him  into  prominence  in  connection  with  many  movements 
before  the  war.  A  friend  and  admirer  of  Lincoln,  and  a  close  stu- 
dent of  his  life  and  work,  he  devoted  himself,  immediately  on  his  re- 
tirement from  Congress,  to  the  task  of  writing  a  life  of  Lincoln, 
which  work  is  one  of  the  authoritative  histories  of  the  war  president. 
Mr.  Arnold,  with  the  exception  of  a  brief  season  after  the  fire,  when 
he  was  compelled  to  resume  active  practice,  during  the  closing  years 
of  his  life  devoted  himself  to  literary  labors,  enjoying  the  esteem  and 
respect  of  all  classes  until  his  death,  April  24,  1884.  He  was  born 
November  30,  181 3,  in  Otsego  county.  New  York,  supported  himself 
by  teaching  and  other  work  while  gaining  an  education,  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  in  his  native  county  in  1835,  and  died  at  Chicago  April  24, 
1884.    At  all  times  in  all  places  he  was  a  gentleman. 


510  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

The  judge  of  the  Cook  county  court  of  common  pleas  from  1851 
to  1853,  as  successor  of  Giles  Spring,  was  Mark  Skinner,  a  jurist  of 

first  rank,  closely  identified  with  the  interests  of  Chi- 
cago in  many  ways.     He  was  one  of  those  early  en- 
Skinner.  *,.,,;.         .  ,  .  ,        , 

trusted  with  the  financial  management  of  the  educa- 
tional affairs  of  the  city,  and  his  work  in  connection  with  education 
was  so  important  that  the  name  of  Mark  Skinner  has  a  permanent 
place  in  the  history  of  Chicago.  He  was  a  leader  in  public  as  well 
as  philanthropic  movements  of  many  kinds.  A  native  of  Vermont, 
the  son  of  a  lawyer,  he  obtained  an  excellent  education,  completing 
his  legal  training  in  the  Yale  Law  School.  He  came  to  Chicago  in 
July,  1836,  and  thenceforth  until  his  death  in  1887  was  pre-eminently 
a  man  of  affairs.  He  was  at  one  time  the  law  partner  of  Thomas 
Hoyne.  In  the  later  years  of  his  career  he  devoted  his  time  largely 
to  management  as  a  representative  of  invested  capital  and  financial 
interests. 

The  successor  of  Mark  Skinner  as  judge  of  the  Cook  county  court 
of  common  pleas,  in  1853,  was  John  M.  Wilson,  who  has  been  char- 
acterized as  "one  of  the  most  remarkable  jurists,  in 
•^  ■         some  respects,  that  ever  held  a  judicial  position  in 

the  courts  of  this  county."  "All  the  evolutions  of 
his  mind  appeared  to  run  in  regular  and  systematic  sequence,  so 
that  it  would  not  be  a  difficult  task  to  take  any  of  his  published  or 
manuscript  opinions  and  put  it  into  a  series  of  formal  syllogisms  by. 
merely  supplying  suppressed  premises."  Six  of  his  published  opinions 
were  adopted  by  the  supreme  court  of  the  state.  He  later  became 
impoverished  by  unfortunate  investments,  and  died  in  1884  uni- 
versally esteemed. 

Nathaniel  Pope,  who  held  the  office  of  federal  district  judge  from 
the  time  the  federal  district  court  was  established  in  Illinois  in  1819 

until  his  death  in  1850,  was  the  first  judge  to  hold 
„  a  federal  court  in  Chicago,  which  was  in  1837,  over 

Meeker's  store,  on  Lake  street,  between  Clark  and 
Dearborn.  The  federal  courts  have  been  held  at  various  locations 
since  then;  at  one  time  in  what  was  known  as  the  Saloon  building, 
southeast  corner  of  Clark  and  Lake  streets ;  after  the  fire,  in  Congress 
Hall,  corner  of  Michigan  and  Congress,  then  in  the  Republic  Life 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  511 

building,  and  finally  in  the  government  building  on  Dearborn  and 

Monroe  streets. 

Thomas  Drummond  succeeded  Nathaniel  Pope  in  1850  as  federal 

district  judge,  and  continued  in  the  office  until  his  appointment  as 

federal  circuit  judge  in  1869.    For  a  long  period  the 

_  district  iudq-e  acted  as  circuit  judge  of  the  federal 

Drummond.  ;:.,.,         .    ,     o         ,    tt   ^     • 

court.     Ihe  judge  of  the  beventh  U.  S.  circuit,  of 

which  Chicago  and  Cook  county  were  a  part,  from  1837  until  his 
death  in  1861  was  John  McLean,  associate  justice  of  the  United 
States  supreme  court  and  one  of  the  eminent  American  jurists.  David 
Davis  was  the  next  justice  of  the  supreme  court  to  hold  circuit  court 
in  Chicago  (in  July,  1863).  In  1869  Congress  changed  the  system 
of  circuit  courts  and  instead  of  a  member  of  the  supreme  court  being 
assigned  to  each  circuit,  a  separate  judge  was  provided  for  each  of 
the  nine  circuits.  Thomas  Drummond,  who  had  been  identified  with 
the  practice  of  law  in  Illinois  since  1835,  ^'^^  had  been  a  resident  of 
Chicago  since  1854,  and  who  was  United  States  district  judge,  was 
appointed  judge  of  the  seventh  circuit  in  1869,  and  held  the  office 
until  his  resignation  in  July,  1884.  He  died  in  1890,  at  Wheaton, 
aged  eighty  years.  Judge  Drummond  has  been  characterized  as  one 
of  the  most  industrious,  painstaking  and  laborious  judges  who  ever 
sat  on  the  bench.  He  was  a  federal  judge  for  over  thirty  years. 
During  his  entire  service  the  bar  and  the  public  had  the  utmost  confi- 
dence in  his  perfect  integrity.  The  only  elective  political  office  he 
ever  held  was  as  a  member  of  the  state  legislature  for  one  term.  The 
successor  of  Drummond  as  circuit  judge  was  Walter  Q.  Gresham. 

On  the  elevation  of  Judge  Drummond  to  the  circuit  bench,  Henry 
W.  Blodgett  was  appointed  his  successor  in  the  district  court.  Though 

a  resident  of  Waukegan,   Judge  Blodgett  was  so 

-n  '       closely  identified  with  Chicago  and  Cook  county  that 

Blodgett.        ,.,.  ,,  ,••  ,  ,• 

his  history  belongs  to  this  city  as  much  as  to  his 

home  town.  He  began  studying  law  in  Chicago  in  1842.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  state  legislature  during  the  fifties,  and  later  became  an 
active  promoter  of  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railroad  lines  along 
the  lake  shore,  and  a  prominent  railroad  attorney.  At  the  organiza- 
tion of  the  United  States  circuit  court  of  appeals  for  the  seventh  cir- 
cuit, in  June,   1891,  he  was  chosen  as  the  third  judge  of  the  court. 


512  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

In  1892  he  resigned  to  serve  as  one  of  the  government's  counsel  be- 
fore the  Behring  Sea  tribunal  of  arbitration. 

Peter  S.  Grosscup  succeeded  Judge  Blodgett  as  judge  of  the 
Northern  Illinois  district,  and  served  until  1899,  when  he  became 
judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  appeals  for  the  seventh  circuit.  In  1905 
he  was  elevated  to  the  office  of  judge  of  the  United  States  circuit 
court  for  the  seventh  circuit,  the  office  he  still  holds.  C.  C.  Kohlsaat 
was  judge  of  the  United  States  court  for  the  Northern  Illinois  dis- 
trict from  1899  to  March,  1905,  and  since  then  has  also  been  a  mem- 
ber of  the  federal  circuit  court  for  the  seventh  circuit.  The  judges 
of  the  federal  district  court  since  March,  1905,  have  been  Solomon 
H.  Bethea  and  Kenesaw  M.  Landis. 

From  June,  1879,  until  his  death  on  Christmas  day,  1905,  Mur- 
ray Floyd  Tuley  was  a  judge  of  the  Cook  county  circuit  court.     He 

was  one  of  the  venerated  members  of  the  bench  and 
„    ■     ■  bar,  and  the  length  of  his  public  services,  his  prestige 

as  a  judge,  and  his  thoroughly  lovable  character, 
connect  his  name  with  the  best  traditions  of  the  Chicago  judiciary. 
His  fame  is  not  based  on  celebrated  cases,  but  grew  out  of  the  long 
judicial  service  in  which  his  character  and  methods  became  positive 
features  of  Chicago  courts.  His  judicial  work  was  principally  in 
Chancery,  a  branch  of  the  law  for  which  he  was  eminently  fitted  and 
in  which  he  acquired  a  national  reputation. 

It  is  said  that  Judge  Tuley  never  permitted  a  good  cause  to  be 
lost  because  it  was  inadequately  represented.  His  reply  to  the  law- 
yers who  objected  when  he  assisted  a  poorly  equipped  adversary  de- 
serves quotation :  "You  fellows  seem  to  think  that  it  is  a  judge's  duty 
to  sit  to  determine  which  of  the  lawyers  trying  a  case  is  the  better 
lawyer;  I  can  decide  that  in  most  cases  without  hearing  from  you.  I 
sit  to  get  at  the  rights  of  the  parties,  not  to  determine  which  has  the 
better  lawyer."  He  insisted,  however,  that  he  had  trained  himself  in 
this  regard,  so  that  the  fact  of  his  being  compelled,  in  order  to  see 
justice  done,  to  come  to  the  aid  of  incompetent  counsel  did  not  affect 
his  judicial  impartiality  in  arriving  at  his  conclusion. 

In  a  sense,  Judge  Tuley  continued  the  legal  career  of  one  of  the 
first  lawyers  Chicago  had.  Born  at  Louisville,  Kentucky,  March  4, 
1827,  at  five  years  of  age  he  lost  his  father,  and  his  mother  subse- 
quently married  Richard  J.  Hamilton.     The  latter,  a  Kentnckian  by 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  513 

birth,  had  come  to  Chicago  in  1831,  having  been  appointed,  in  that 
year,  by  the  legislature,  the  first  probate  judge  of  Cook  county.  Mr. 
Hamilton  was  present  at  the  organization  of  the  county  in  March, 
183 1,  was  afterwards  clerk  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  and 
is  said  to  have  held  more  offices  with  less  personal  gain  than  any 
other  citizen  of  his  time.  In  1856  he  was  candidate  for  the  office  of 
lieutenant  governor,  the  only  office,  it  is  said,  for  which  he  was  de- 
feated. 

The  marriage  of  Mrs.  Tuley  and  Colonel  Hamilton  took  place  in 
1843,  when  Murray  F.  Tuley  was  sixteen  years  old.  He  had  at- 
tended the  Louisville  public  schools,  and  on  moving  to  Chicago  read 
law  in  his  step-father's  office,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  Chi- 
cago in  1847.  He  was  at  that  time  thought  to  have  a  tendency  to- 
ward the  dreaded  scourge,  consumption,  and,  instead  of  engaging 
in  practice  as  a  lawyer,  enlisted  for  service  in  the  war  with  Mexico, 
and  became  First  Lieutenant  of  a  company  of  an  Illinois  regiment. 
Arriving  at  Santa  Fe  after  hostilities  were  over,  he  opened  a  law 
office  there,  and  was  one  of  the  first,  if  not  the  first  person,  born  in 
the  United  States,  to  practice  law  in  the  territory.  While  he  had  con- 
siderable difficulty  in  applying  his  knowledge  of  the  common  law  to 
the  Mexican  Code,  and  even  more  trouble  in  obtaining  a  paying  pat- 
ronage, as  an  attorney  in  a  murder  trial,  he  acquired  a  reputation 
which  brought  his  services  into  demand.  His  health  was  improved 
by  the  climate  of  the  Rio  Grande  valley,  and  when  he  left  New  Mex- 
ico he  had  won  the  victory  over  disease  which  enabled  him  to  con- 
tinue a  life  of  great  labor  and  usefulness  until  he  was  nearly  eighty 
years  of  age.  He  served  as  attorney  general  of  New  Mexico  for  a 
time,  and  in  1854  returned  to  Chicago.  Thereafter  among  his  part- 
ners in  practice  were  Joseph  E.  Gary,  Israel  N.  Stiles  and  Joseph 
Barker. 

Judge  Tuley  was  corporation  counsel  of  Chicago  from  1869  to 
1873.  His  services  in  this  connection  were  of  great  importance,  hav- 
ing as  he  did,  to  deal  with  many  new  questions  that  arose  after  the 
great  fire  of  1871.  He  drew  the  act  constituting  the  new  charter 
of  the  city,  which  continued  in  force  until  the  recent  amendment  to 
the  constitution. 

Judge  Tuley  had  the  temperament  of  a  philosopher,  the  courage 
of  a  soldier,  the  fidelity  of  friendship,  perfect  integrity  and  great  in- 

Vol.  II— 2 


514  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

tellectual  ability.     No  greater  lawyer  has  ever  held  court  and  admin- 
istered justice  in  the  state  of  Illinois. 

Judge  Joseph  E.  Gary  was  born  in  Potsdam,  New  York,  in  1821, 
read  law  in  St.  Louis,  and  being  there,  in  1844,  admitted  to  the  bar, 

began  practice  at  Springfield,  Missouri,  in  the  spring 
-p;    „  of  that  year.  Springfield  was  then  the  principal  town 

in  southeastern  Missouri,  and  because  of  this  and  the 
location  of  the  United  States  land  office  there,  presented  a  field  as 
promising  to  a  young  lawyer  as  any  in  the  state.  The  termination  of 
the  war  with  Mexico  and  the  discovery  of  gold  in  California  turned 
the  attention  of  many  to  the  newly  acquired  territories,  and  our  em- 
bryonic jurist,  having  gathered  together  his  few  earthly  possessions, 
by  the  long  important  and  .ever  romantic  Santa  Fe  trail,  went  to  per- 
haps the  oldest  of  tilled  American  lands,  which  we  call  New  Mexico. 
There  he  met  Murray  F.  Tuley,  and  they,  destined  to  become  promi- 
nent figures  and  distinguished  jurists  in  the  great  city  of  the  lakes, 
practiced  law  in  the  land  of  the  herder,  the  trader,  the  teamster,  the 
ranchman  and  the  bolero. 

Judge  Gary  used  to  tell  how  before  a  territorial  court  he  defended 
a  Mexican  accused  of  murder.  There  had  been  a  killing,  the  evi- 
dence against  his  client  was  strong  and  he  was  convicted.  Our 
future  jurist  at  once  prayed  an  appeal  to  the  supreme  court  of  the  dis- 
trict and  asked  for  time  in  which  to  present  a  bill  of  exception.  These 
requests  were  promptly  granted,  which  done,  the  judge  quietly  re- 
marked, "Mr.  Gary,  the  supreme  court  sits  in  October;  there  will  be 
no  stay  of  proceedings,  and  your  client  will  be  hung  in  September." 
All  of  which  took  place  as  the  judge  said  it  would.  Law  business  was 
not  very  brisk  and  a  good  opportunity  to  earn  subsistence  happening, 
our  hardy  and  vigorous  son  of  New  York  assisted  in  driving  a  herd 
of  sheep  to  the  Pacific  coast.  Arrived  at  San  Diego,  he  waited  until 
a  north-bound  steamer  came  along,  and  on  this  sailed  to  San  Fran- 
cisco. What  a  place  was  San  Francisco  in  the  later  forties  and  the 
early  fifties  of  the  past  century!  Glittering  bars,  music  halls  and 
gambling  hells  lined  the  streets,  along  which,  beneath  huge  som- 
breros, strode  miners,  unshaven  and  unshorn,  seeking  to  stretch  to 
the  utmost  the  leash  which  had  so  long  held  them  in  sunken  pits,  out 
of  which  they  dug  the  yellow  gold.  Revelry — No !  develry  is  a  more 
descriptive  word — ran   rampant.      But  what  has  this  to   do   with  a 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  515 

biographical  notice  of  Judge  Gary?  Nothing — save  that  he  was  the 
manner  of  man  who  saw,  studied  and  kept  away,  finding  occupation 
and  entertainment  in  the  study  and  practice  of  law.  For  a  time  he 
practiced  law  in  the  Emporium  of  the  Pacific;  but  ever  in  the  rest 
of  eve  there  came  to  his  soul  a  glimpse  of  the  vale  in  which  he  was 
born,  a  sound  of  the  water  that  fell  at  the  mill  and  sight  of  fields  laden 
with  corn,  of  maidens  that  in  boyhood  he  knew,  and  old  folk  that 
might  be  passing  away,  and  he  longed  to  look  on  that  which  had 
been,  and  see  if  he  could  be  a  boy  again. 

So  this  San  Francisco  lawyer  returned  to  Potsdam,  to  Chicago, 
and  went  to  Berlin,  Wisconsin,  whither  fate  led  him  to  his  marriage 
with  Miss  Elizabeth  Swetting  on  the  28th  day  of  November,  1855. 

Mr.  Gary  was  elected  judge  of  the  Superior  Court  of  Cook  Coun- 
ty in  1863,  and  thereafter  continued  under  successive  elections  a 
judge  of  said  court  until  his  death  in  November,  1906,  having  under 
force  of  many  elections  by  the  people,  held  the  office  of  judge  of  a 
court  of  superior  and  general  jurisdiction  for  a  longer  period  than 
any  other  person  so  chosen  in  the  United  States,  if  not  in  the  world. 

He  had  a  vigorous  mind  that  seemed  never  to  need  rest  or  to  be 
dull.  His  memory  was  phenomenal.  He  knew,  not  dimly  or  hazily, 
but  with  substantial  accuracy,  what  the  supreme  and  appellate  courts 
had  held  upon  every  question  presented  to  them;  and  he  knew  also 
where  to  find  the  decision  he  wished  to  call  attention  to.  In  his 
judicial  ofiice  he  was  utterly  indifferent  to  the  applause  of  the  multi- 
tude, the  blandishments  of  power,  as  well  as  the  bitterness  of  those 
who  took  offence  at  his  conduct.  He  was  devoted  to  his  family, 
loved  his  friends  and  hated  no  one.  He  brought  sunshine  into  every 
room  he  entered  and  carried  good  cheer  wherever  he  went.  He  was 
a  delightful  working  companion;  fought  fairly  and  good  naturedly 
for  his  view  and  helped  those  who  differed  with  him  to  find  authori- 
ties for  the  conclusions  they  held.  He  recognized  that  the  funda- 
mental distinction  between  free  government  and  despotism  is  that 
the  former  is  a  government  by  law  and  the  latter  by  men ;  that  in  a 
free  government  all,  high  and  low,  poor  and  rich,  are  not  only  equal 
before  the  law,  but  it  is  to  be  equally  and  impartially  administered  to 
all,  and  that  the  downfall  of  liberty  begins  with  a  denial  of  the  pro- 
tection of  the  law  to  a  despised  or  feeble  few.  For  more  than  forty 
years  he  sat  as  a  judge,  ever  endeavoring,  not  to  win  favor,  fame. 


5i6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

applause  or  renown,  but,  to  apply  the  law  to  the  facts  presented  to 
him.  The  judgments  he  rendered  were  not  of  his  choosing;  they 
were  such  as  in  his  view  the  law  pronounced.  As  a  judge  he  en- 
deavored, not  to  make,  but  to  declare  and  apply  the  law.  He  under- 
stood that  in  free  governments,  the  function  of  executive  and  judicial 
departments  is  to  act  under,  be  servient  to,  apply  and  obey  the  law; 
that  in  this  blessed  land,  law  reigns  and  rules  over  all.  He  had  an 
infinite  fund  of  humor  and  told  a  joke  upon  himself  or  his  best  friends 
with  equal  zest. 

Death  came  to  him  not  with  the  rude  alarm  of  a  hostile  foe.  He 
sank  to  rest,  dropped  into  the  infinite  as  the  tired  infant  falls  asleep 
in  its  mother's  arms.  For  him  the  shades  of  eve  had  come.  His 
work  here  done,  his  earthly  day  ended,  the  uplifting  arms  of  the 
Eternal  bore  him  away. 

Alas  for  London  and  Paris,  Berlin  and  Vienna,  which,  having 

been  great  cities  so  long  that  the  memory  of  man  runneth  not  to  the 

contrary,    cannot    remember    the    simple    ways    of 

^  their  village   ancestors.     Fortunate   Chicag-o,    that, 

Court.  .       ,  ^        ,  ,    .  ,  &  '  - 

m    the    years    the    psalmist    accords    to    man.    has 

outgrown  its  judicial  clothing  half  a  dozen  times  and  congratulates 
itself  upon  the  advance  that  has  been  made  in  the  machinery  for 
the  administration  of  justice.  No  court  was  held  in  Chicago  save 
by  justices  of  the  peace  until  1833  or  May,  1834.  John  Kinzie  was 
recommended  by  the  commissioners'  court  of  Pike  county  for  justice 
of  the  peace  in  1821,  and  again  recommended  in  1823  by  the  commis- 
sioners' court  of  Fulton  county.  Austin  Crocker  and  another  were  in 
1825  confirmed  as  justices  of  the  peace  for  Peoria  county,  in  which 
Chicago  then  was.  Then  came  an  advance ;  the  people  were  permitted 
to  rule,  came  into  their  own,  and  by  a  law  of  December  30,  1826, 
justices  of  the  peace  were  thereafter  elected  by  the  people  for  the 
term  of  four  years.  The  constitution  of  1848  provided  that  there 
should  be  elected,  in  each  county  and  such  districts  as  the  general 
assembly  might  direct  by  the  qualified  electors,  a  competent  number 
of  justices  of  the  peace.  Chicago  thereunder  elected  justices  of  the 
peace  for  more  than  twenty  years.  The  constitution  of  1870,  hailed 
throughout  the  United  States  as  an  advance  in  governmental  meth- 
ods, provided  that  all  justices  of  the  peace  in  the  city  of  Chicago 
should  be  appointed  by  the  governor,  by  and  with  the  advice  and  con- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  517 

sent  of  the  senate  (but  only  upon  the  recommendation  of  a  majority 
of  the  judges  of  the  circuit,  superior  and  county  courts)  and  for  such 
districts  as  might  be  provided  by  law!  By  act  of  the  legislature,  in 
force  March  29,  1871,  the  judges  of  the  circuit,  superior  and  county 
courts  of  Cook  county  were  directed  to,  before  the  first  day  of  April, 
1875,  and  every  four  years  thereafter,  recommend  to  the  governor 
seven  persons  for  justices  of  the  peace  in  South  Chicago,  seven  for 
West  Chicago  and  five  for  North  Chicago. 

By  act  in  force  July  i,  1872,  it  was  provided  that  in  each  of  the 
towns  in  which  is  contained  any  part  of  the  city  of  Chicago,  there 
should  be  elected  one  constable  for  every  ten  thousand  inhabitants. 
The  change  from  the  election  of  justices  of  the  peace  in  a  city  con- 
taining half  a  million  of  people,  to  recommendation  by  judges  of  the 
courts  of  record  and  thereon  appointment  by  the  governor  by  and  with 
the  consent  of  the  senate,  proved  favorable  to  the  administration  of 
justice  and  during  the  thirty  years  in  which  this  system  was  in  ex- 
istence there  was  little  general  complaint  of  the  conduct  of  the  justices 
in  the  discharge  of  the  duties  of  their  office.  The  judges  adopted  the 
practice  of  not  recommending  any  person  for  justice  of  the  peace 
unless  he  had  been  by  the  supreme  court  of  the  state  admitted  to 
practice  law  before  it  and  other  state  courts. 

For  a  great  city,  the  system  by  which  the  justices  and  constables 
received  compensation  was  bad.  None  of  the  justices  or  constables 
was  paid  a  salary.  The  earnings  of  each  depended  upon  the  judicial 
or  executive  work  he  did.  A  justice  before  whom  many  mere  and 
undisputed  collection  cases  were  brought,  might  make  in  a  day  a 
handsome  sum.  Justices,  favored  by  the  police,  and  before  whom 
persons  arrested  were  taken,  often  obtained  a  good  deal  by  the  mere 
examination  of  sureties  and  approval  of  bonds  offered  by  parties  giv- 
ing bail.  The  police  in  taking  parties  whom  they  knew  or  believed 
to  be  professional  criminals,  or  guilty  of  some  great  crime,  often, 
being  uncertain  just  what  the  evidence  will  show,  preferred  several 
charges;  the  justice  might  require  bail  to  be  given  upon  each  offence 
charged,  and  would,  if  the  same  were  given,  be  entitled  to  a  fee  upon 
each  bond.  Nevertheless,  it  is  but  just  to  the  persons  who  served  as 
justices  of  the  peace  during  this  thirty  years,  to  say  that  there  was 
little  general  complaint  of  their  conduct  as  judicial  officers.  Neither 
a  defeated  lawyer  or  litigant  is  filled  with  a  sense  of  the  learning  and 


5i8  •     CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

judgment  of  a  tribunal  that  decides  against  him;  the  supreme  court 
of  the  United  States  is  rebuked  and  reproached  as  are  all  judicial 
tribunals.  The  system  under  which  justices  and  constables  received 
no  compensation  save  through  fees  and  personally  paid  room  rent  and 
all  other  expenses  of  their  offices  was  bad,  the  method  unsuited  to  a 
great  city  and  the  law  under  which  the  justices  acted  inadequate  to 
the  needs  of  the  community  or  adapted  to  the  conditions  presented  in 
Chicago.  The  municipal  court  act  greatly  enlarged  the  powers  for- 
merly possessed  by  the  justices  and  is  incomparably  better  fitted  to 
the  needs  of  Chicago  than  was  the  statute  under  which  the  justices 
acted.  The  justices  could  not  provide  for  uniform  rules  of  procedure, 
as  there  was  no  way  of  enforcing  conformance  thereto  if  they  had 
been  made.  The  municipal  court  act  provides  for  uniform  rules  and 
adherence  thereto.  The  judges  are  under  no  suspicion  of  shaping 
their  action  with  a  view  to  obtaining  business  or  revenue.  The  courts 
are  held  at  well  known  places,  easily  reached  and  found.  The  court 
surroundings  are  such  as  to  elicit  respect  and  inspire  confidence.  The 
humblest,  the  most  wretched  and  the  poorest  are  likely  to  be'  im- 
pressed by  the  surroundings  with  the  feeling  that  their  grievances, 
troubles  and  offenses,  if  such  there  are,  will  be  seriously  considered 
and  judged  in  accordance  with  a  rule,  which,  however  much  they  may 
disapprove  of,  they  feel  is  applied  to  all,  and  one  to  which  they  may 
at  any  time  appeal.  In  the  administration  of  justice  it  is  not  only 
necessary  to  be  firm,  patient  and  considerate,  but  to  appear  to  be  so. 

The  subject  of  the  proper  attitude  of  the  state  toward  "neglected 
and  delinquent  children,"  is  one  to  which  the  increased  attention  given 

in  recent  years  resulted  in  this  state  in  a  statute 
-*  which  went  into  force  July  i,   1899,  under  a  title 

popularly  known  as  the  Juvenile  Court  Law.  The 
leading  features  of  the  original  law  may  be  stated  to  be  as  follows : 
It  contains  a  comprehensive  definition  of  neglected,  dependent  and 
delinquent  children;  confers  on  the  circuit  and  county  courts  original 
jurisdiction  concerning  such  children;  provides  that  in  counties  hav- 
ing over  500,000  population  the  judges  of  the  circuit  court  shall 
designate  one  of  their  number  to  hear  cases  coming  under  the  law; 
provides  that  children's  cases  coming  before  a  justice  of  the  peace 
or  police  magistrate  shall  be  immediately  transferred  to  the  judge  so 
designated;  provides  for  a  simple  mode  of  procedure  by  petition  and 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  519 

otherwise;  and  provides  for  the  care  of  neglected,  dependent  and  de- 
linquent children  while  their  cases  are  pending  in  court  and  after- 
ward. It  prohibits  the  commitment  of  children  under  twelve  years 
of  age  to  a  common  jail  or  police  station;  recognizes  all  approved 
child-saving  societies  and  institutions,  and  gives  validity  to  their  con- 
tracts in  reference  to  surrendering  and  adopting  children ;  and  pro- 
vides for  a  system  of  supervision  by  the  state  board  of  charities  over 
children  placed  in  homes  throughout  the  state.  The  last  section  reads 
as  follows :  "This  act  shall  be  liberally  construed,  to  the  end  that 
its  purpose  may  be  carried  out,  to-wit:  That  the  care,  custody  and 
discipline  of  a  child  shall  approximate  as  nearly  as  may  be  that  which 
should  be  given  by  its  parents,  and  in  all  cases  where  it  can  properly 
be  done  the  child  be  placed  in  an  approved  family  home  and  become 
a  member  of  the  family  by  legal  adoption  or  otherwise." 

The  founding  of  the  juvenile  court  as  one  of  the  beneficent  insti- 
tutions of  Chicago  has  beein  regarded  with  general  satisfaction  by 
members  of  the  bar  and  people  interested  in  the  welfare  of  children. 
The  juvenile  court,  practically,  had  its  origin  as  a  distinctive  institu- 
tion in  Chicago,  and  its  founders  deserve  recognition  among  those 
who  strive  to  help,  to  give  opportunity  to  each,  to  let  none  fall  by  the 
wayside  for  lack  of  guidance. 

The  separation  of  children  from  adults  in  court  had  made  some 
progress  in  other  states  before  the  comprehensive  law  just  consid- 
ered was  passed  by  Illinois.  Massachusetts,  in  1863,  enacted  a  law 
separating  the  child  in  court  charged  with  an  offense  from  an  adult. 
New  York,  in  1877,  moved  by  the  Society  for  the  Prevention  of 
Cruelty  to  Children  in  New  York  City,  passed  the  .first  concise  law 
to  effect  this  object,  and  followed  this  up  by  progressive  laws  that 
finally  involved  almost  a  complete  separation  of  children  from  the 
environment  and  procedure  that  characterized  the  trial  and  commit- 
ment of  adults.  In  other  states  the  movement  had  made  progress, 
but  Illinois  was  especially  backward  in  this  matter,  and  it  was  not 
until  1898  when  the  charitable  people  of  the  city  and  state  were 
aroused  to  action.  The  practical  origin  of  the  movement  was  in  the 
State  Board  of  Charities,  where  several  members,  notably  Tvlr.  Eph- 
raim  Banning,  frequently  conferred  on  the  subject  of  the  care  of 
delinquent  children.  Finally  Mr.  Banning  was  requested  to  present 
the  matter  to  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  through  whose  agency 


520  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

some  effective  and  definite  scheme  might  be  set  in  operation.  In 
answer  to  the  resolutions  presented  to  the  bar  association  at  its  an- 
nual meeting  of  October  22,  1898,  a  committee  was  appointed  to 
investigate  the  conditions  complained  of  and  to  recommend  legisla- 
tion for  the  cure  of  existing  evils.  This  committee  consisted  of  five 
notable  men  in  the  history  of  Chicago's  charitable  and  civic  progress 
— Ephraim  Banning,  Harvey  B.  Hurd  (deceased),  Edwin  Burritt 
Smith  (deceased),  John  W.  Ela  (deceased),  and  Merritt  Starr. 
This  was  the  first  concisive  action  taken  by  any  person  or  association 
inaugurating  the  movement  which  resulted  in  the  juvenile  court.  The 
committee  appointed  by  the  bar  association  held  several  meetings 
and  the  members,  especially  Mr.  Banning  and  Judge  Hurd,  gave 
unremitting  attention  to  the  drawing  up  of  a  bill  which  might  be 
presented  to  the  legislature  providing  for  a  court  procedure  for  chil- 
dren. In  the  meantime  the  agitation  was  continued  in  other  chan- 
nels and  the  State  Conference  of  Charities,  at  Kankakee,  held  No- 
vember, 1898,  took  up  the  question  as  a  part  of  its  program  and 
several  bills  were  made  for  a  system  of  laws  that  would  entirely  sepa- 
rate the  children  from  the  adults.  One  of  the  meetings  which  were 
held  during  the  preliminary  work  of  promoting  this  legislation,  was 
in  Judge  Hurd's  office  on  December  10,  1898.  At  this  meeting  there 
were  present  some  of  the  men  and  women  whose  names  are  especially 
worthy  of  recognition  in  this  movement — Harvey  B.  Hurd,  Lucy  A. 
Flower,  Julia  C.  Lathrop,  all  of  the  State  Board  of  Charities;  Presi- 
dent T.  D.  Hurley,  of  the  Visitation  and  Aid  Society;  Hastings  H. 
Hart,  president  of  the  State  Home  and  Aid  Society;  State  Repre- 
sentative John  C.  Newcomer;  Superintendent  A.  G.  Lane,  of  the 
public  schools ;  County  Jailer  John  L.  Whitman,  and  Frank  G.  Soule. 
It  was  from  the  suggestions  offered  at  this  and  similar  meetings 
calling  for  a  discussion  of  the  subject  that  Judge  Hurd  was  enabled 
to  make  the  first  draft  of  a  bill.  This  bill  was  then  submitted  to  the 
members  of  the  societies  and  the  individuals  who  were  interested  in 
the  movement  and  when  the  bill  was  finally  completed  it  contained  a 
total  of  twenty-one  sections.  It  was  decided  to  announce  it  as  a  bar 
association  measure,  the  opinion  being  held  that  under  such  auspices 
the  legislature  would  be  more  likely  to  regard  it  favorably  than  if  it 
appeared  as  a  bill  prepared  by  some  charitable  organization.  After 
the  bill  had  been  chosen  it  was  presented  in  the  house  of  representa- 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  521 

tives  February  7th,  1899.  by  John  C.  Newcomer  and  was  introduced 
in  the  senate  by  Senator  Case  February  15th.  Both  bills  were  re- 
ferred to  the  committee  on  judiciary.  In  the  house  the  bill,  after 
being  amended  in  some  minor  particulars,  passed  by  yea  and  nay 
vote  of  121  to  o  on  April  14th,  and  the  bill  passed  the  senate  the 
same  day.  The  Juvenile  Court  Law  became  effective  on  July  i,  1899, 
and  the  first  judge  assigned  to  the  new  court  and  who  for  a  long  time 
continued  to  preside  over  the  bench  was  Richard  S.  Tuthill. 

Honorable  Richard  S.  Tuthill,  for  more  than  twenty  years  one 

of  the  judges  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  was  born  November 

^  ^        10,  1841,  at  Tuthill's  Prairie,  Jackson  county,  Illi- 

RiCHARD    S.  .  TT-        T-.       •.  .  •  1  1.T 

™  nois.      His    Puritan   ancestors    emigrated   to    New 

lUTHILL.  _        ,         ,  .  ,  ^        ^ 

England  prior  to  the  year  1640.  In  1829  his 
father  moved  from  Vermont  to  southern  Illinois,  where  he  estab- 
lished a  school  of  high  reputation.  By  virtue  of  the  law  of  inher- 
itance. Judge  Tuthill  became  a  soldier,  a  lawyer  and  a  jurist.  His 
fathers  did  valiant  service  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution  and  that  of 
/1812.  His  great  uncle,  Major  General  Samuel  Strong,  commanded 
the  twenty-five  hundred  Vermont  volunteers  who  participated  on  Sep- 
tember 9,  18 14,  in  the  memorable  battle  of  Plattsburg,  a  contest  on 
lake  and  land  which,  in  its  effect,  was  the  most  decisive  victory  of 
the  war,  putting  to  an  end,  as  it  did,  all  hope  of  a  successful  invasion 
of  the  states  from  Canada. 

Our  future  jurist  had  no  sooner  received,  in  1863,  from  Middle- 
bury  College,  his  degree  of  A.  B.  than  he  was  on  his  way  to  Vicks- 
burg,  where  his  brother,  Lieut.  John  L.  Tuthill,  was  then  command- 
ing the  war  vessel  known  as  the  "Queen  of  the  West,"  and  where 
his  father's  friend  for  many  years,  General  John  A.  Logan,  was  com- 
manding a  division.  The  general  gave  him  a  position  as  a  volunteer 
citizen  scout  in  a  company  attached  to  his  headquarters,  a  place  full 
of  adventure,  excitement  and  danger,  and  shortly  afterwards  secured 
for  him  a  commission  in  Company  H,  of  the  First  Michigan  Light 
Artillery  (known  also  as  De  Golyer's  Battery),  a  company  then 
and  thereafter  known  as  one  of  the  most  efficient  batteries  in  the 
western  army,  and  of  which  General  Frank  P.  Blair,  commanding 
the  Seventeenth  Army  Corps  during  the  Atlanta  campaign,  Septem- 
ber 4,  1864,  in  a  special  report  concerning  the  battle  of  Lovejoy  Sta- 
tion, said  : 


522  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

"I  desire  to  call  attention  particularly  to  the  part  taken  by  H  Com- 
pany, First  "Michigan  Artillery,  in  this  action.  This  battery  has  been 
conspicuous  in  its  efficiency  and  the  gallantry  of  its  officers  and  men 
in  every  engagement  of  this  campaign  in  which  it  has  participated." 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  war,  Lieutenant  Tuthill  renewed  his  study 
of  the  law  which  he  had  begun  a  number  of  years  before,  and  having 
been,  in  1866,  admitted  to  the  bar,  was,  in  1867,  elected  state's  attor- 
ney of  the  Nashville  (Tennessee)  circuit.  Early  in  1873  he  came 
to  Chicago,  where  he  has  since  lived.  From  1875  ^o  1879  he  was  city 
attorney  of  Chicago,  and  in  1884  was  appointed  by  President  Arthur 
United  States  district  attorney  for  the  northern  district  of  Illinois, 
with  headquarters  at  Chicago.  In  1887  he  was  elected  judge  of  the 
circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  which  position  he  has  since  filled,  hav- 
ing been  five  times  chosen  to  that  high  office. 

While  a  student  in  college,  Judge  Tuthill  became  engaged  to 
Miss  Jane  Frances  Smith  of  Vergennes,'  Vermont,  to  whom  he  was 
married  in  1868.  She  died  at  Nashville,  December  22,  1872,  leaving 
a  daughter.  He  was  married  a  second  time  January  2,  1877,  to  Miss 
Harriet  McKey,  daughter  of  Mr.  Edward  McKey,  a  leading  dry 
goods  merchant  of  Janesville,  Wisconsin.  His  daughter,  Eliza 
Strong,  by  his  first  wife,  married  Mr.  Frank  D.  Ketcham,  now  of 
New  York  City.  Judge  and  Mrs.  Tuthill  have  now  living  five  daugh- 
ters, Zoe  Gertrude,  married  to  J.  M.  Fiske,  Jr.,  of  Milwaukee;  Mary 
Elizabeth,  married  to  Alfred  Borden,  of  New  York  City;  Lilian  Mc- 
Key, Genevieve  Harmon,  Harriet  McKey,  and  one  son,  Richard 
S.,  Jr.        ■ 

Judge  Tuthill,  yet  in  the  prime  of  life,  is  active  in  every  move- 
ment which  has  for  its  object  the  general  welfare  of  the  city  in  which 
he  lives,  and  is  closely  identified  with  charitable  organizations  seeking 
to  promote  the  moral  and  mental  training  of  poor  and  destitute  chil- 
dren. His  religious  affiliations  are  with  the  Episcopal  church.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  the  Military  Order 
of  the  Loyal  Legion,  of  which  he  was  commander  in  1893,  the  Grand 
Army  Hall  and  Memorial  Association,  the  Church,  Union  League, 
Illinois,  Lincoln,  Hamilton  and  other  clubs,  as  well  as  with  the  Irv- 
ing Literary  Society.  He  is  a  hard  worker,  a  diligent  student  and 
an  able  and  forceful  speaker. 

The  judicial  office  is  ordinarily  not  fruitful  of  events  long  re- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  523 

membered  or  upon  which  historians  are  hkely  to  dwell.  Indeed,  it 
may  be  said  that,  as  a  rule,  the  less  conspicuous  is  the  work  of  the 
judge  and  the  more  transient  the  comment  which  his  judicial  acts 
produce,  the  better  it  is  for  the  land  in  which  he  serves.  Judges  are 
not  ordained  to  make,  but  to  administer  the  law.  Nevertheless,  it 
is  the  case  that  in  the  discharge  of  judicial  duties  imposed  by  law 
upon  him,  Judge  Tuthill  has  become  known  and  honored  not  only 
throughout  the  United  States,  but  in  the  greater  part  of  Europe.  In 
1899  what  is  now  known  as  the  juvenile  court  of  Illinois  was  created 
by  act  of  the  legislature,  and  by  the  unanimous  vote  of  his  associates 
upon  the  bench.  Judge  Tuthill  was  selected  to  preside  over  that  court. 
As  afterwards  proved,  a  better  choice  could  not  have  been  made. 

Patient,  considerate,  ready  to  listen  to  all  that  the  humblest  had 
to  say,  broad  minded  and  sympathetic,  he  took  up  the  work  as  a 
labor  of  love.  The  report  of  inspectors  and  policemen,  the  plaint  of 
fathers  and  mothers,  the  appeal  of  the  poor  and  the  outcast,  the 
little  child  and  the  hardened  hoodlum  were  heard  by  him  with  that 
tender  consideration  and  intelligent  regard  to  the  welfare  of  com- 
munity, parent,  friend  and  child,  which  only  a  man  of  his  great 
learning,  wide  experience  and  profound  knowledge  of  human  nature 
could  give. 

The  juvenile  court  was,  from  the  outset,  under  his  administra- 
tion a  triumphant  success,  vindicating  the  faith  of  its  projectors  and 
realizing  the  hopes  of  the  humane  men  and  women  who  had  called 
it  into  being.  An  incident  worthy  to  be  remembered  in  this  con- 
nection was  the  raising  of  $100,000  with  which  a  spacious  farm  of 
nearly  a  thousand  acres  was  bought  and  presented  to  the  state  as 
a  site  for  the  St.  Charles  School  for  Boys,  near  St.  Charles,  in  Kane 
county.  On  this  site  have  been  erected  appropriate  and  beautiful 
buildings.  Here  the  delinquent  boys  of  Illinois  are  receiving,  instead 
of  punishment  too  often  tending  to  make  criminals,  a  kindly  parental 
care  which  develops  character  and  tends  toward  the  making  of  good 
citizens.  This  much-needed  and  admirable  institution  will  serve  to 
perpetuate  the  memory  of  the  work  done  by  Richard  S.  Tuthill  for  the 
youth  of  our  country. 

Judge  Tuthill  became  in  universal  demand  as  a  writer,  speaker 
and  councilor  for  those  who  wished  to  establish  a  tribunal  wherein 
could  be  judicially  determined  what  had  best  be  done  for  neglected. 


524  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

dependent  and  delinquent  children ;  and  to  his  efforts,  his  zeal  and 
experience  more  than  to  any  other  person  is  due  the  painstaking,  in- 
telligent, humane  and  tender  care  which  juvenile  courts  now  exercise 
concerning  the  multitude  of  juvenile  waifs  living,  growing  and  dying' 
about  us.     Of  him  most  truly  is  it  said  "J^'^stum  virum  fortiter  in  re." 

The  Cook  county  probate  court  dates  from  1877,  when  it  was 
established  under  the  law  granting  such  a  court  to  counties  with 
more  than  70,000  population.  The  first  judge  of  the  probate  court 
was  Joshua  C.  Knickerbocker.  Thoroughly  versed  in  the  primary 
duties  of  his  position,  he  also  did  much  to  uphold  the  power  and 
scope  of  the  court  during  the  first  years  when  the  existence  and 
rights  of  the  court  were  in  dispute. 

In  1878  Judge  Knickerbocker  received  a  law  student  in  his  ofifice 

at  Chicago.     This  aspirant  for  the  legal  profession  was  at  that  time 

and  had  been  since  1874,  principal  of  the  high  school 

^  ■      at  Palatine,  in  Cook  county.     Previous  to  that  he 

Cutting.        ,,,  .  ,.  ,       ^,       t^., 

had  been  assistant  editor    on    the    Cedar    Rapids 

(Iowa)  Times,  having  begun  that  work  shortly  after  finishing  his 
education  in  a  high  school  and  at  Willamette  University  in  Salem, 
Oregon.  He  continued  two  years  as  a  student  with  Judge  Knicker- 
bocker, whom  he  regards  as  one  of  his  ablest  advisers  and  guides  of 
his  early  years,  and  in  1880  was  admitted  to  the  bar. 

As  a  lawyer  Mr.  Cutting  soon  made  a  record  that  fulfilled  the 
anticipations  of  his  friends,  who  had  regarded  his  success  as  high 
school  principal  and  newspaper  man  as  a  guarantee  that  he  would 
achieve  something  worthy  in  the  law.  His  early  practice  was  prob- 
ably as  varied  in  the  civil  law  as  that  of  any  lawyer  in  the  city.  He 
was  retained  in  many  important  suits,  involving  many  diverse  cases 
of  law.  He  represented  the  town  of  Cicero  in  its  long  course  of  liti- 
gation with  the  municipality  of  Chicago.  From  1887  to  1890  he  was 
master  of  chancery  for  the  Cook  county  circuit  court.  In  1890  C.  C. 
Kohlsaat  was  elected  judge  of  the  probate  court  for  Cook  county. 
By  re-election  he  held  this  office  until  he  was  elevated  to  the  federal- 
bench  in  1899.  To  fill  Judge  Kohlsaat's  unexpired  term  Mr.  Cut- 
ting, whose  unqualified  success  as  a  lawyer  and  recognized  prominence 
as  a  citizen  recommended  him  for  the  place,  was  appointed,  and  at 
the  regular  election  in  1902  he  was  retained  in  of^ce  by  a  popular 
majority.     In  1906  his  plurality  was  nearly  sixty  thousand,  the  larg- 


VU8UG  UQR^^ 


^?^vSS^!^ 


TlriENiVVYuRK 

PUBLIC   LIBRARY 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 
rUDEN  FOUNOAnONS 


s> 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  525 

est  of  any  of  the  Republican  candidates  of  that  year.  Judge  Cut- 
ting's thorough  integrity  has  never  been  questioned,  but  all  who  have 
become  familiar  v^ith  his  record  as  probate  judge  have  had  occasion  to 
remark  and  admire  his  positive  impartiality.  His  mental  poise  is 
perfect,  and  though  his  attitude  while  on  the  bench  is  judicially  strict, 
approaching  almost  to  sternness,  among  friends  he  displays  a  per- 
sonality of  rare  charm  and  versatility.  In  January,  1907,  the  Union 
League  Club  elected  him  president,  and  he  is  well  known  for  his  ac- 
tivity in  various  other  organizations.  He  belongs  to  the  Chicago  Bar 
Association  and  the  Law  Club,  and  is  a  prominent  Mason ;  has 
membership  in  the  Hamilton,  City,  The  Oaks  (Austin),  Twentieth 
Century  and  Westward  Ho  Golf  clubs.  During  his  residence' at  Pala- 
tine, Cook  county,  he  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  education,  and 
has  been  a  member  of  the  Cook  county  board  of  education  nine  years, 
serving  as  its  president  at  this  time  and  having  held  the  same  position 
once  before. 

In  all  his  career  of  varied  activities  Judge  Cutting  has  succeeded 
along  the  direct  line  of  his  purposes,  and  has  impressed  his  influence 
on  numerous  positions  and  endeavors.  Of  a  worthy  New  England 
family,  he  is  a  son  of  Charles  A.  and  Laura  E.  Cutting,  and  was  born 
at  Highgate  Springs,  Vermont,  March  i,  1854.  Most  of  his  boy- 
hood was  passed  in  the  far  west,  where  he  obtained  his  literary  edu- 
cation. The  degree  of  LL.  D.  of  the  University  of  Michigan  was  con- 
ferred on  Judge  Cutting  June  20,  1907.  Since  entering  practice  in 
1880  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  following  law  firms:  Tagert  and 
Cutting;  Williamson  and  Cutting;  Cutting  and  Austin;  Cutting,  Aus- 
tin and  Higgins ;  Cutting,  Austin  and  Castle ;  Cutting  and  Castle,  and 
Cutting,  Castle  and  Williams.  Judge  Cutting  married,  in  1886,  An- 
nie E.  Lytle.     They  have  one  son,  Robert  M. 

Thomas  Hoyne.  the  elder,  gave  his  strength,  mind,  heart  and  soul 
to  the  upbuilding  of  Chicago  from  the  period  of  his  early  manhood 

until  he  was  so  suddenly  snatched  away  in  a  vigor- 
-rr  ous  old  agc.     He  was  one  of  the  fathers  of  the  city, 

who  assisted  in  laying  its  material  foundation  broad 
and  deep,  and  at  the  same  time  gave  his  best  efforts  toward  the  es- 
tablishment of  an  honest  public  administration.  His  nature  was  both 
practical  and  ideal,  and  founded  upon  a  fine  enthusiasm  based  upon 
common  sense.     It  was  such  men  as  he  that  Chicago  needed  in  the 


526  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

early  times,  and  to  them,  more  than  to  all  else,  must  be  credited  the 
remarkable  impetus  which  the  city  acquired  even  in  the  pioneer  per- 
iod, and  fortunately  has  never  lost. 

The  parents  of  Thomas  Hoyne  were  Patrick  and  Eleanor  M. 
Hoyne,  who  were  obliged  to  leave  Ireland  about  1815  because  of 
the  husband's  pronounced  political  views  regarding  the  British  gov- 
ernment and  his  unvarnished  presentation  of  them.  The  refugees 
found  an  asylum  in  the  city  of  New  York,  where  their  son,  Thomas, 
was  born  on  the  nth  of  February,  1817.  He  obtained  his  early  edu- 
cation at  the  Catholic  school  attached  to  St.  Peter's  church,  and 
while  quite  young  was  apprenticed  to  a  manufacturer.  This  latter 
fact  proved  fortunate,  as  the  boy  was  left  an  orphan  at  an  early  age 
and  thrown  entirely  upon  his  own  resources  for  a  livelihood.  Rather 
spurred  than  disheartened  by  such  adversity,  the  youth  not  only 
faithfully  performed  his  work  as  an  apprentice,  but  joined  the  Liter- 
ary Association,  which  included  in  its  membership  such  men  as  Hor- 
ace Greeley,  George  Manierre  and  Charles  P.  Daly.  Illustrative  of 
his  attractive  personality,  even  at  this  early  period  of  his  life,  is  the 
fact  that,  notwithstanding  his  firm  faith  in  Catholicism,  which  was  a 
tradition  of  his  family  as  far  as  it  could  be  traced,  his  stanchest 
friend,  adviser  and  assistant  at  this  time  was  Rev.  Dr.  Archibald 
Maclay,  a  Baptist  minister,  who  loved  and  treated  him  as  a  son.  It 
was  amid  such  surroundings  and  in  such  a  school  that  Thomas  Hoyne 
acquired  the  rudiments  of  that  art  which,  combined  with  his  perfect 

■  sincerity  and  manliness,  made  him  in  later  years  one  of  the  most 
charming  speakers  and  most  telling  orators  who  ever  did  honor  to 
Chicago.  As  an  apprentice  he  also  attended  two  night  schools,  in  one 
of  which  he  made  a  special  study  of  English  grammar  and  elocution, 
and  in  the  other  gave  particular  attention  to  Greek  and  Latin.  When 
he  was  eighteen  years  of  age  young  Hoyne  became  a  clerk  in  a  large 
jobbing  house  in  order  to  earn  money  to  continue  his  education,  and 
in  1836  began  the  study  of  the  law  in  the  office  of  Hon.  John  Brin- 

»  kerhoff. 

The  reports  of  his  fellow  debater  and  old  friend,  George  Ma- 
nierre, who  had  been  a  resident  of  Chicago  for  two  years,  were  of 
such  an  encouraging  nature  that  Mr.  Hoyne  decided  to  join  him  in 
the  raw  young  city  of  the  sloughs  and  plains.  Late  in  the  year  1837 
he  started  for  the  west,  at  Detroit  boarding  the  brig  "John  H.  Kin- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  527 

zie"  for  Chicago.  Two  weeks  of  a  tempestuous  voyage  brought  him 
to  the  Lake  House  dock,  he  crossed  the  muddy  Chicago  river  by  way 
of  the  Dearborn  street  bridge  (raised  by  chains  and  a  crank),  and 
soon  was  in  the  large  upper  room  of  the  wooden  court  house  in  ear- 
nest consultation  with  Mr.  Manierre,  who  was  clerk  of  the  circuit 
court,  and  found  a  way  to  have  Mr.  Hoyne  assist  him  at  ten  dollars 
per  week.  They  both  continued  active  participation  in  literary  mat- 
ters, through  the  local  society,  and  Mr.  Hoyne  devoted  his  "spare 
hours"  to  the  study  of  Latin  and  French.  In  the  autumn  of  1838  he 
took  charge  of  a  public  school  on  West  Lake  street,  when  he  first 
met  John  Wentworth,  as  school  inspector,  but  soon  afterward  en- 
tered the  law  office  of  J.  Young  Scammon  as  a  student.  Both  of 
these  men,  so  many  years  bitter  personal  enemies,  continued  during 
his  lifetime  the  warm  friend  of  Mr.  Hoyne;  this  faculty  he  possessed, 
in  a  remarkable  degree,  of  cementing  and  holding  the  friendship  of 
the  most  diverse  characters. 

Mr.  Hoyne  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  fall  of  1839,  and  from 
that  time  until  his  death,  except  during  the  two  years  spent  at  Ga- 
lena, he  practiced  his  profession  in  Chicago,  making  a.  brilliant  record 
at  the  Cook  county  bar  and  often  appearing  before  the  supreme  court 
of  Illinois  and  the  United  States  supreme  court.  He  early  associated 
himself  with  Benjamin  F.  Ayer,  and  in  January,  1864,  Oliver  H. 
Horton  entered  the  partnership,  of  which  Thomas  M.  Hoyne,  the 
son,  became  a  member  in  1867,  the  style  of  the  firm  being  thus 
changed  to  Hoyne,  Horton  and  Hoyne.  The  firm  remained  un- 
changed until  the  death  of  its  senior  member. 

Soon  after  coming  to  Chicago,  Thomas  Hoyne  became  acquaint- 
ed with  Dr.  John  T.  Temple,  an  early  practitioner  and  an  enterpris- 
ing and  public-spirited  man.  At  that  time  he  was  well  known  as  the 
proprietor  of  the  Temple  building,  but  in  later  years  as  the  father- 
in-law  of  Mr.  Hoyne,  whose  daughter.  Miss  Leonora  M.  Temple, 
became  Mrs.  Hoyne.  The  marriage  occurred  September  17,  1840, 
and  soon  afterward,  on  account  of  the  stringency  of  the  times  in 
Chicago,  Mr.  Hoyne  took  his  young  bride  to  Galena,  Illinois,  as  busi- 
ness in  the  lead-mine  district  was  still  flourishing.  While  there,  his 
son,  Thomas  M.  Hoyne  was  born,  but  after  two  years  in  that  re- 
gion the  family  returned  to  Chicago  and  made  the  city  thereafter 
their  permanent  home. 


528  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY     . 

After  his  return  from  Galena,  Mr.  Hoyne  was  elected  probate 
justice  of  the  peace,  and  held  that  office  until  it  was  abolished  in  1848 
and  succeeded  by  the  county  judgeship.  Although  a  firm  Democrat, 
he  became  a  Free  Soiler.  In  1848  he  was  a  presidential  elector,  and 
stumped  the  northern  half  of  Illinois  in  support  of  Van  Buren  and 
Adams.  In  1853  he  received  from  President  Pierce  the  appointment 
of  United  States  district  attorney  for  Illinois,  which  greatly  benefited, 
him  professionally.  He  supported  Judge  Douglas  on  the  Kansas- 
Nebraska  bill,  and  as  a  Democratic  orator  of  established  reputation 
actively  participated  in  the  presidential  campaign  of  1856.  In  April, 
1859,  he  entered  upon  his  duties  as  United  States  marshal,  and  in 
i860  superintended  the  census  for  the  northern  district  of  Illinois. 
No  man  in  the  west  was  more  patriotic  and  broadly  useful  during  the 
Civil  war,  than  Thomas  Hoyne.  He  was  a  very  active  member  of  the 
Union  Defense  Committee,  and  with  tongue  and  pen,  to  the  utmost 
limit  of  his  powers,  assisted  in  the  preservation  of  the  cause.  He 
was  nominated  by  acclamation  for  Congress  in  the  Chicago  district 
in  1870,  but  declined  to  run.  Two  years  later  he  was  a  presidential 
elector  on  the  ticket  which  had  put  forward  Horace  Greeley,  the 
friend  of  his  youth,  to  lead  the  Liberal  Democracy. 

In  the  early  seventies  Mr.  Ployne  commenced  a  vigorous  agitation 
to  further  the  purification  of  local  politics,  and  in  the  spring  of  1876 
led  the  reform  movement  as  a  candidate  for  mayor  on  the  Citizens 
ticket.  He  was  elected  by  a  majority  of  thirty-three  thousand,  the 
largest  at  that  time  ever  given  a  municipal  chief  magistrate  in  Chi- 
cago. Mayor  Colvin  contested  the  election,  and  the  circuit  court 
sustained  the  regular  Democratic  candidate.  Although  it  was  be- 
lieved that  he  might  have  appealed  to  the  supreme  court  with  every 
prospect  of  success,  Mr.  Hoyne  considered  the  outcome  so  unjust  that 
he  never  after  would  consent  to  be  considered  a  candidate  for  office. 
As  a  private  citizen,  however,  he  was  Chicago's  devoted  friend,  and 
his  support  was  always  proffered  for  any  measure  which  he  believed 
to  be  for  her  advancement. 

In  1859  Mr.  Hoyne  assisted  to  found  a  chair  of  international  and 
constitutional  law  in  the  University  of  Chicago,  of  which  he  was  for 
years  the  friend  and  adviser,  and  which,  in  1862,  conferred  upon  him 
the  degree  of  LL.  D.  He  also  secured  the  great  Lalande  telescope  and 
was  the  chief  promoter  and  first  secretary  of  the  Chicago  Astronomi- 


f  1 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AMD 
riLDEN  FOUWOATIOWS 


1 


^J?  CH^  JK^  ,  aCi^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  529 

cal  Society.  He  was  a  life  member  of  the  Mechanics'  Institute,  the 
Academy  of  Sciences  and  the  Chicago  Historical  Society,  and  by  con- 
tributions and  other  active  work,  furthered  their  best  interests.  In 
June,  1873,  when  the  University  of  Chicago  and  the  Northwestern 
University  formed  the  Union  College  of  Law,  Mr.  Hoyne  was  chair- 
man of  the  board  of  trustees  in  behalf  of  the  Chicago  University  for 
1873-74,  and  in  1877  was  chosen  president  of  the  joint  board  of 
management,  holding  that  position  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

He  was  also  one  of  the  most  active  in  founding  and  fostering 
the  free  public  library,  of  which  he  wrote  a  most  interesting  historical 
sketch  in  1877.  Of  his  other  writings,  of  particular  interest  to  pio- 
neers of  Chicago,  may  be  mentioned  "The  Lawyer  as  a  Pioneer," 
covering  the  period  of  the  Illinois  and  Chicago  bar  from  1837  to 
1840,  which  were  the  years  of  his  introduction  to  the  community  in 
which  he  afterward  became  so  commanding  a  figure. 

In  the  midst  of  many  and  absorbing  activities,  Mr.  Hoyne  was 
still  a  vigorous  man  of  his  sixty-six  years.  But  in  the  summer  of 
1883,  he  decided  to  take  an  eastern  tour  of  rest  and  recreation,  plan- 
ning to  descend  the  St.  Lawrence  and  pass  on  to  the  refreshing  beau- 
ties of  the  White  Mountains.  But  on  the  evening  of  July  27th,  three 
days  after  he  left  Chicago,  he  was  killed  in  a  railway  collision  at 
Charlton,  Orleans  county,  New  York,  and  his  body  was  brought 
back  for  burial  in  the  mourning  city  of  his  adoption.  His  funeral 
services  at  St.  Mary's  church  were  attended  by  the  lowly  who  loved 
him,  by  his  professional  brethren  of  the  bench  and  bar,  by  city  and 
county  officials,  and  by  representatives  of  civic  and  educational  organi- 
zations. One  of  the  founders  of  a  great  city  had  passed  away,  and 
the  city  did  him  the  honor  which  was  his  due. 

In  the  person  of  Thomas  M.  Hoyne,  who  has  practiced  so  long 

and  so  ably  at  the  Chicago  bar,  is  linked  the  Chicago  of  the  past  and 

the   present.      Although   born    in    Galena,    Illinois, 

while  his  pioneer  father,  Thomas  Hoyne,  was  tem- 
HOYNE.  .,.,..,  .    .  -^  .  ,     , 

porarily  residrig  m  the  mmmg  town  to  avoid  the 

nard  times  then  so  prevalent  in  Chicago,  Thomas  M.  was  brought 
back  to  this  city  while  still  an  iiifant,  and  thereafter  both  father  and 
son  were  parts  of  its  progressive  life. 

In  these  later  years  Thomas  M.  Hoyne  has  continued  the  sub- 
stantial work  begun  by  his  father  in  the  conduct  of  a  leading  law 

Vol.  II— 3 


530  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

firm,  which,  although  engaged  in  professional  business  of  a  general 
nature,  has  been  led  by  the  logic  of  events  which  follow  in  the  wake 
of  a  rapidly-developing  city  to  give  much  of  its  attention  to  commer- 
cial and  real  estate  transactions;  and  there  is  no  agency  which  is 
more  powerful  to  conserve  the  substantial  growth  of  such  a  city  than 
such  an  ably-conducted  firm  as  that  of  Hoyne,  O'Connor  and  Irwin, 
of  which  Thomas  M.  Hoyne  is  now  the  senior  member.  After  the 
death  of  Thomas  Hoyne,  in  1883,  the  firm  became  Horton  and  Hoyne 
and  so  continued  untly  1887,  when  Oliver  H.  Horton  was  elevated 
to  the  bench.  The  firm  of  Hoyne,  Follansbee  and  O'Connor  then 
came  into  existence,  and  in  1899  Thomas  M.  Hoyne,  Maclay  Hoyne 
(his  son),  John  O'Connor  and  Harry  D.  Irwin  organized  the  co- 
partnership of  Hoyne,  O'Connor  and  Hoyne,  which  continued  until 
January  i,  1907,  when  Maclay  Hoyne  withdrew.  Since  that  date 
the  style  of  the  firm  has  been  Hoyne,  O'Connor  and  Irwin. 

Thomas  M.  Hoyne  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Chicago  and  at  a  German  school  on  the  north  side.  As 
he  was  born  July  17,  1843,  he  was  nineteen  years  of  age  when  he 
graduated  from  the  old  Chicago  high  school.  He  made  his  first 
practical  start  in  life  as  a  draughtsman  for  a  New  York  concern  en- 
gaged in  the  manufacture  of  engines  and  machinery,  at  a  salary  of 
$2.50  per  week;  but  within  a  year  he  returned  to  Chicago  and  grad- 
uated from  the  law  school  of  the  old  University  of  Chicago  in  1866. 
In  the  following  year  he  commenced  his  long  legal  career  in  Chicago. 
For  forty  years  he  had  his  office  at  No.  88  LaSalle  street,  removing 
in  1907  to  the  Stock  Exchange  building. 

Under  the  act  of  1901  Mr.  Hoyne  became  a  candidate  for  one  of 
the  three  additional  circuit  judges  of  Cook  county,  but  although  he 
received  a  large  plurality  vote,  the  supreme  court  declared  the  law 
unconstitutional.  In  1904  he  was  again  nominated  for  judge  of  the 
superior  court,  but  was  defeated.  These  were  Mr.  Hoyne's  sole 
movements  toward  public  preferment,  but  while  he  has  never  been 
prominent  in  politics  he  has  always  taken  the  interest  of  a  typical 
American  in  public  affairs.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  old 
Chicago  Democratic  club,  which  in  1881  was  succeed  by  the  Iroquois 
club.  Of  the  latter  he  was  president  in  1897,  and  still  retains  in  it 
an  active  membership.  He  has  long  been  an  honored  member  of  the 
Illinois   State  and  the  Chicago  Bar  associations,   the  Chicago  Law 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  531 

Institute  and  the  Law  Club,  having  also  served  as  president  of  the 
last-named  organization.  He  was  twice  president  of  the  Northwest- 
ern Law  School  Alumni  Association,  and  outside  of  his  success  as 
a  practitioner,  is  recognized  as  a  large  figure  in  the  fraternal  and 
educational  circles  of  the  profession. 

In  1871,  Thomas  M.  Hoyne  was  married  to  Jeanie  T.  Maclay, 
daughter  of  Moses  B.  Maclay,  a  well-known  New  York  lawyer,  and 
the  warm  relations  of  friendship  inaugurated  with  the  family  when 
the  elder  Hoyne  was  a  youth  were  thus  cemented  into  a  closer  union 
by  this  happy  matrimonial  alliance  of  the  son.  The  son  of  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Thomas  M.  Hoyne,  Maclay  Hoyne,  also  tends  further  to  per- 
petuate the  gratitude  which  the  elder  Lloyne  warmly  cherished 
throughout  life  for  the  many  kindnesses  which  he  had  received  from 
the  Maclay  family. 

Judge  Arba  N.  Waterman,  author  of  the  Historical  Review  of 
Chicago  and  general  editor  of  th'ese  volumes,  has  been  a  resident 

of  Chicago  since  1866.     Born  at  Greensboro,  Ver- 

,,,     '       "  mont,  February  t;,   18^6,  a  son  of  Loring  F.  and 

Waterman.      ^,         .^^  \  \ht  ^  1  •     j  1  ■       1 

Mary  ( Stevens )  Waterman,  he  received  his  educa- 
tion in  the  schools  of  his  native  state.  The  degree  of  A.  B.  was 
granted  him  by  Norwich  University,  and  the  University  of  Vermont 
has  given  him  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  He  studied  law  in  the  Albany 
Law  School,  which  at  the  time  occupied  a  pre-eminent  position  among 
the  law  schools  of  America.  In  the  Civil  war  he  was  lieutenant 
colonel  of  the  One  Hundredth  Illinois  Volunteers ;  at  the  battle 
of  Chickamauga,  his  horse  was  killed  under  him,  and  he  was 
afterward  wounded.  After  the  war  he  began  practice  in  Chi- 
cago. The  Chicago  bar  at  that  time  was  distinguished  for  the  versatile 
ability  and  brilliant  character  of  its  members.  Judge  Manierre,  Cory- 
don  Beckwith,  Samuel  Fuller,  Alfred  W.  Arrington,  Joseph  E.  Gary, 
John  M.  Wilson,  Francis  H.  Kales,  Erastus  S.  Williams,  Thomas 
Hoyne,  B.  T.  Ayer,  and  many  others,  long  since  gone,  were  then 
leaders  in  affairs  as  well  as  in  the  courts  and  bar. 

In  1887  Mr.  Waterman  was  elected  a  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of 
Cook  County,  and  was  later  assigned  as  judge  of  the  appellate  court 
of  the  first  district.  After  sixteen  years'  service  on  the  bench,  Judge 
Waterman  resumed  practice  in  1903,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Waterman,  Thurman  and  Ross.  Judge  Waterman  is  active 
in  Grand  Army  affairs,  is  a  member  of  Grant  Post  No.  28,  of  the 
Loyal    Legion,    and   was   president   of   the   Grand   Army    Hall    and 


532  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Memorial  Association   1901-02.     He  is  a  member  of  the  board  of 

trustees  of  the  Chicago  PubHc  Library.     His  club  connections  are 

with  the  Hamilton,  Chicago  Literary  and  Irving.     Judge  Waterman 

was  married  in  Chicago,  December  16,  1862,  to  Aliss  Eloise  Hall. 

The  death  of  Ezra  Butler  McCagg  in  the  summer  of  1908  served 

to  remind  the  present  generation,  for  a  second  time  in  this  year,  of 

the  passing  from  life  of  men  who  were  intimately 

,^   „       ■         identified   with   the   affairs   of   the   older  Chicasro. 
McCagg.        ^^  .  ,  .  ,,,,,, 

•  None  of  the  promment  names  of  the  bar  before  the 

war  now  represent  living  and  active  men.  Mr.  McCagg,  who  was 
in  his  eighty-third  year  -when  he  died,  had  associations  with  all  the 
famous  men  of  the  city  and  state.  Born  and  educated  for  his  pro- 
fession in  New  York,  he  came  west  in  1846  and  joined  J.  Young 
Scammon,  with  whom  he  had  a  partnership  for  a  number  of  years. 
His  public  services  had  a  wide  scope,  though  he  was  never  to  a  con- 
siderable extent  identified  with  practical  politics.  During  the  war  he 
was  president  of  the  Northwestern  Sanitary  Commission.  The  crea- 
tion of  Lincoln  Park  was  due  in  part  to  him,  as  he  was  the  first 
president  of  the  park  board  of  trustees.  At  different  times  he  was 
connected,  as  trustee,  with  the  Illinois  Eastern  Hospital  for  the  In- 
sane, with  the  University  of  Chicago,  with  the  Chicago  Academy  of 
Sciences  and  the  Chicago  Astronomical  Society.  The  Chicago  His- 
torical Society  recalls  his  services  as  an  active  member  and  contrib- 
utor to  its  early  growth.  Outside  of  his  profession,  his  interests  were 
literary,  he  had  a  splendid  private  library,  though  many  of  his  most 
valued  possessions  were  destroyed  in  the  fire  of  1871,  and  he  was  a 
writer  in  the  field  of  general  literature  and  political  economy. 

Judge  James  B.  Bradwell  was  one  of  the  venerable  and  truly  ven- 
erated fathers  of  the  Chicago  bar  and  of  the  city  itself.     Judge  Brad- 

well  was  a  practical  man  of  affairs,   skillful,   far- 

j!  '        seeing  and  reformatory.     He  was  an  originator  of 

Bradwell.  ^.  .  ^,       -^  .   .  ,  ,        , 

actualities  as  well  as  an  originator  of  good  and 

new  movements. 

Born  April  16,  1828,  James  B.  Bradwell  was  a  native  of  Lough-, 
borough,  England,  his  parents  being  Thomas  and  Elizabeth    (Gut- 
ridge)  Bradwell.     Sixteen  months  after  his  birth  the  family  crossed 
the  ocean  to  America  and  first  located  in  Utica,  New  York,  where 
they  remained  until  1833,  when  they  came  west  by  wagon  and  boat 


CfllCAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  533 

to  Jacksonville,  Illinois.  There  they  remained  until  May,  1834,  when 
they  boarded  a  prairie  schooner  drawn  by  a  span  of  horses  and  a  yoke 
of  oxen  and  covered  the  two  hundred  and  fifty  miles  to  Wheeling, 
that  state,  in  twenty-one  days.  '  Arriving  at  their  destination,  they 
located  upon  a  farm  and  here  the  boy  mowed  the  rank  prairie  grass, 
cradled  grain,  split  rails,  broke  the  tough  sod,  and  pluckily  did  the 
other  stern  duties  required  of  a  sturdy  pioneer's  son.  His  life  de- 
veloped a  muscular  body  and  a  strong,  practical  mind,  and  a  stern 
realization  of  the  fact  that  progress  even  in  the  land  of  broad  oppor- 
tunities, meant  hard  work  and  unceasing  vigilance  in  the  perception 
and  seizing  of  the  chances  for  personal  advancement. 

Neither  was  the  boy  slow  to  perceive  that  a  good  education  se- 
cured a  continuous  advantage  in  favor  of  those  who  not  only  pos- 
sessed it  but  used  it.  His  first  instruction  was  received  in  a  small  coun- 
try log  house  near  Wheeling,  now  in  Cook  county,  and  later  he  at- 
tended Wilson's  academy,  Chicago,  in  which  Judge  Lorenzo  Sawyer 
was  an  instructor.  Still  later  he  attended  Knox  College,  Galesburg, 
Illinois,  while  pursuing  his  course  there  sustaining  himself  by  work- 
ing in  a  wagon  and  plow  shop,  sawing  wood  and  welcoming  any 
other  manual  labor  which  would  assist  him  in  the  realization  of  his 
ambition  to  "work  himself  through  college."  Eventually  he  accom- 
plished his  purpose,  and,  among  the  greatest  of  his  drawbacks  was 
not  the  lack  of  work,  but  the  fact  that  he  was  obliged  to  take  much  of 
his  pay  in  store  orders,  many  of  which  he  was  forced  to  discount 
heavily  for  cash.  This  experience  made  so  strong  an  impression  on 
him  that  he  has  ever  since  maintained  with  remarkable  vigor  that  the 
laborer  is  not  only  worthy  of  his  hire,  but  should  receive  one  hundred 
cents  on  the  dollar  for  his  services. 

After  finishing  his  education  the  judge  began  the  study  of  law, 
and  during  this  preparatory  period  of  his  life  his  ingenuity  and  de- 
termination were  again  put  to  a  severe  and  triumphant  test.  While 
plowing  through  his  law  books  he  worked  at  various  trades  as  a  jour- 
neyman, displaying  much  skill  and  exhibiting  a  high  degree  of  invent- 
ive genius.  So  apt  was  he  in  all  branches  of  mechanics,  it  is  stated, 
that,  if  necessary,  he  could  earn  his  living  in  any  one  of  seventeen 
trades.  Much  of  his  work  was  conducted  in  Chicago,  and  it  is  said 
that  he  invented  a  half-tone  process  which  produced  the  first  cut  of 
that  kind  ever  made  in  the  city.     He  was  an  expert  photographer  and 


534  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

continuously  maintained  his  interest  in  that  mechanical  art,  his  stand- 
ing among  the  representatives  of  today  being  recognized  by  his  se- 
lection as  chairman  of  the  committee  of  World's  Congress  Auxiliary 
on  Congress  of  Photographers. 

In  1852  Judge  Bradwell  was  admitted  to  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession, and  the  same  year  married  Miss  Myra  Colby,  famous  after- 
ward as  Myra  Bradwell,  the  founder  of  the  Chicago  Legal  News,  the 
first  paper  of  its  kind  in  the  west  and  the  first  to  be  edited  by  a  woman 
in  the  world.  Her  career,  both  as  editor  and  lawyer,  was  not  to  be 
inaugurated  until  many  years  after  their  marriage.  After  their  union 
they  removed  to  Memphis,  Tennessee,  where  the  two  conducted  the 
largest  select  school  in  that  city  for  about  two  years.  They  then  re- 
turned to  Chicago,  where  Mr.  Bradwell  commenced  the  permanent 
practice  of  the  law,  and  the  development  of  a  judicial  and  public  ca- 
reer of  broad  usefulness.  From  1854  until  the  first  year  of  the  Civil 
war  he  steadily  advanced  in  his  profession,  and  became  prominent  in 
local  politics  because  of  his  eloquence  as  a  speaker  and  his  high  social 
and  conversational  powers. 

In  1 86 1  Judge  Bradwell  entered  the  field  of  politics  in  earnest 
and  was  elected  county  judge  by  a  large  majority,  his  term  being  for 
four  years.  He  was  re-elected  in  1865,  and  effected  several  important 
reforms  in  court  procedure.  As  a  judge  of  this  court  he  so  distin- 
guished himself  by  the  fairness  of  his  opinions,  the  courtesy  of  his 
manner  and  the  improvements  in  procedure,  which  facilitated  the  dis- 
patch of  business,  that  his  services  are  yet  recalled  with  pleasure  and 
admiration  by  the  older  members  of  the  bar.  In  1873  he  was  sent  to 
the  lower  house  of  the  legislature  and  was  re-elected  in  1875,  distin- 
guishing himself  as  a  speaker  and  an  advocate  of  much-needed  laws 
and  reform.s.  Among  other  measures  he  introduced  and  secured  the 
passage  of  the  bill  making  women  eligible  to  school  offices,  and 
throughout  his  long  public  life  was  a  champion  of  granting  rights 
to  women  equal  to  those  possessed  by  men. 

Judge  Bradwell  presided  at  the  American  Women  Suffrage  Asso- 
ciation at  its  organization  in  Cleveland  and  was  chairman  of  the  arms 
and  trophy  department  of  the  Northwestern  Sanitary  Commission 
and  Soldiers'  Home  Fair,  held  in  Chicago  in  1865.  He  was  president 
of  the  Chicago  Rifle  Club,  for  four  years  holding  the  best  record  for 
rifle  shooting  in  Chicago.    He  served  as  president  of  both  the  Chicago 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  535 

Bar  Association  and  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association,  being  for 
many  years  historian  of  the  latter.  In  its  earlier  years  he  was  also 
president  of  the  Chicago  Press  Club — in  fact,  it  mattered  not  with  what 
organization  or  movement  he  was  identified,  his  popularity  and  power 
of  initiative  brought  him  into  the  class  of  leaders.  He  was  one  of 
the  founders  of  the  Union  League  Club  and  the  first  president  of  its 
board  of  directors.  In  Masonry  he  took  all  the  degrees  and  occupied 
many  high  positions  in  that  ancient  and  honorable  order.  Judge 
Bradwell,  at  the  time  of  his  death,  was  president  and  director  of  the 
Chicago  Soldiers'  Home  and  secretary  and  director  of  the  Chicago 
Legal  News  Company,  which  controls  the  publication  which  his  wife 
founded  and  of  which  she  was  so  long  the  head. 

Judge  Bradwell  died  in  1908,  being  among  the  last  of  what  rhay 
properly  be  called  our  early  settlers.  For  seventy-three  years  he  was 
one  of  Chicago's  most  useful,  and  for  a  great  part  of  the  time  one 
of  its  most  prominent  citizens. 

Mrs.  Bradwell  died  in  February,  1894,  the  mother  of  four  chil- 
dren :  James  and  Myra,  both  deceased ;  Thomas,  a  justice  of  the 
peace  since  1887  and  Bessie,  wife  of  Frank  A.  Helmer,  a  well-known 
practicing  lawyer  of  Chicago. 

The  late  Myra  C.  Bradwell,  who  passed  away  in  Chicago,  Feb- 
ruary 14,  1894,  when  she  had  just  entered  the  sixty-third  year  of  her 

noble  and  inspiring  life,  was  for  years  recognized 

^  ■         as  one  of  the  most  remarkable  women  of  the  coun- 

Bradwell.  ,  .  ,  ,    , ,         .  ,    ^ 

try,  and  one  of  her  most  remarkable  traits  was  that. 

through  all  her  public  conflicts  and  triumphs  she  retained  her  char- 
ity, her  tenderness  and  womanliness.  Bishop  Samuel  Fallows,  him- 
self a  soldier  militant,  yet  overflowing  with  human  sympathy  and  the 
spirit  of  forgiveness,  and  a  natural  friend  to  a  kindred  soul,  had  this 
to  say  of  her :  "The  ideal  creation  of  the  poet  or  the  artist's  imagi- 
nation in  the  presentation  of  perfect  womanhood  has  rarely  been  ac- 
tualized in  flesh  and  blood  as  in  the  character  of  this  honored  woman. 
The  beauty  of  holiness,  which  is  the  beauty  of  wholeness,  you  will 
remember,  was  the  conspicuous  beauty  of  her  character.  It  was  the 
blending  of  strength  and  winsomeness,  of  gentleness  and  firmness,  of 
tact  and  persistency,  of  the  low,  sweet  voice  so  much  loved  in  woman, 
with  the  ringing  words  for  truth  and  justice  and  the  enfranchisement 
of  her  sex,  which  are  to  reverberate  through  the  ages  forever,  of  the 


536  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

faithful  performance  of  every  home  duty  with  the  larger  service  to 
her  country  and  her  race." 

Considered  more  strictly  from  the  standpoint  of  her  public  char- 
acter, the  American  Law  Reviezv,  among  hundreds  of  other  tender 
and  enthusiastic  reviews  of  Mrs.  Bradwell's  life  work,  describes  her 
"as  a  worthy  pioneer  in  the  great  movement  to  give  to  woman  equal 
rights  before  the  law  and  equal  opportunities  to  labor  in  all  voca- 
tions ;  as  one  of  the  most  remarkable  women  of  her  generation,  dem- 
onstrating by  her  life  work  what  women  can  do  in  activities  hereto- 
fore monopolized  by  men ;  as  exemplifying  great  sagacity,  enterprise 
and  masterful  business  ability  in  building  up  one  of  the  most  flourish- 
ing printing  and  publishing  houses  in  the  west ;  as  a  woman  of  learn- 
ing, genius,  industry  and  high  character;  as  a  gentle  and  noiseless 
woman  whose  tenderness  and  refinement  made  the  firmness  of  her 
character  all  the  more  effective ;  as  one  of  those  who  live  their  creed 
instead  of  preaching  it,  and  as  a  noble  refutation  of  the  oft-times  ex- 
pressed belief  that  the  entrance  of  woman  into  public  life  tends  to 
lessen  her  distinctive  character." 

The  late  Charles  C.  Bobbey,  an  eminent  lawyer  and  man  of  liberal 
and  generous  mind,  pronounced  the  high  encomium  upon  her  that, 
all  things  considered,  she  was  at  the  time  of  her  death  the  foremost 
woman  of  her  time  in  the  department  of  civil  law  and  jurisprudence; 
and  added :  "She  was  the  first  to  demonstrate  the  capacity  of  women 
to  master  the  science  of  law,  and  while  few  women  have  become, 
or  are  likely  to  become,  practicing  lawyers,  the  influence  of  her  ex- 
ample on  the  great  body  of  intelligent  women  has  been  of  inestimable 
value  in  the  formation  of  an  enlightened  public  opinion  that  all  intel- 
ligent women  should  have  some  knowledge  of  the  civil  laws  which 
affect  their  interests,  in  order  that  they  may  know  when  their  rights 
are  in  danger  and  may  be  prompted  to  seek  such  aid  and  protection  as 
the  occasion  may  require.  Although  Myra  Bradwell  seemed  to  be 
only  in  the  prime  of  life  when  she  died,  her  career  was  so  public  and 
so  useful  that  it  seems  a  long  one,  measured  by  the  events  in  which 
she  took  a  conspicuous  part.  Throughout  it  all  she  commanded  to 
a  wonderful  extent  the  respect  of  eminent  lawyers,  judges  and  states- 
men." 

The  facts  of  the  life  which  presents  such  a  bright  and  inspiring 
record  to  women  and  men  alike  are  that  Myra  Colby  was  born  in 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  537 

Manchester,  Vermont,  February  12,  1831,  her  father,  Eben  Colby, 
being  the  son  of  a  Baptist  minister  of  New  Hampshire.  The  family 
records  show  that  Anthony  Colby,  the  first  of  the  name  to  settle  in 
America,  came  to  Boston  from  England  in  1630.  Her  paternal  grand- 
mother was  a  lineal  descendant  of  Aquilla  Chase,  who  founded  a  fam- 
ily in  the  United  States  which  produced  such  men  as  Bishop  Philan- 
der Chase,  of  the  Episcopal  church,  and  Salmon  P.  Chase,  chief 
justice  of  the  United  States  supreme  court.  On  her  mother's  side 
she  was  a  descendant  of  Isaac  Willey,  who  settled  in  Boston  in  1640, 
and  two  members  of  the  family  are  known  to  have  fought  in  the 
ranks  of  the  patriots  at  Bunker  Hill.  From  both  families  flowed  to 
her  the  blood  of  distinguished  men  and  strong  women,  and  nurtured 
a  character  which  blossomed  into  a  beautiful  and  hardy  plant  in  the 
great  west  of  America. 

In  her  infancy  Myra  Colby  was  taken  to  Portage,  New  York, 
where  she  remained  until  her  twelfth  year,  when  she  came  west  with 
the  other  members  of  the  family.  Her  relatives  were  all  staunch 
abolitionists  and  personal  friends  of  the  Love  joys,  so  that  a  hatred 
of  slavery,  inequality  and  injustice  in  all  their  forms  was  implanted 
early  and  deeply  in  her  breast.  When  a  mere  girl  she  evinced  the 
student  in  her  mental  composition,  balanced  by  a  keen,  logical  and 
practical  mind,  and  mellowed  by  the  imagination  of  a  poet  for  those 
higher  things  not  of  the  earth.  She  studied  the  advanced  branches 
at  Kenosha,  Wisconsin,  and  at  a  seminary  in  Elgin,  Illinois,  after- 
ward making  a  successful  record  as  a  teacher. 

On  May  18,  1852,  Myra  Colby  was  united  in  marriage  to  James 
B.  Bradwell,  who  had  just  been  admitted  to  practice,  and  the  union 
proved  ideal  not  only  domestically,  but  as  a  means  of  strengthening 
her  hands  for  the  accomplishment  of  her  individual  aims.  Until  her 
death  parted  them,  Judge  Bradwell  was  her  fellow  worker  in  the 
great  issue  of  the  Civil  war,  with  its  measures  of  national  relief,  and 
when  afterward  she  took  up  the  study  of  the  profession  in  which  she 
became  eminent  her  husband  encouraged  not  only  her  individual  ef- 
forts, but  stood  by  her  side  as  a  champion  of  her  sex  for  equal  rights 
with  men.  Both  large  characters  in  the  public  eye,  the  idea  never  oc- 
curred to  their  countless  friends  and  admirers  of  either  overshadow- 
ing the  other.  Standing  both  in  the  sunshine  of  marital  love,  such 
comparisons  would  have  been  odious  and  impossible. 


538  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Both  Judge  Bradwell  and  Mrs.  Bradwell  were  moving  spirits  in 
the  Soldiers'  Fair  of  1863,  the  Northwestern  Sanitary  Fair  of  1865 
and  the  second  Soldiers'  Fair  of  1867,  organized  for  the  benefit  of 
soldiers  and  their  families.  The  Sanitary  Fair,  held  in  Bryan  Hall, 
was  an  especially  prominent  event  in  the  work  of  relief,  Judge  Brad- 
well being  president  of  the  committee  on  arms,  trophies  and  curiosi- 
ties, and  his  wife  secretary  and  really  the  active  organizer  of  the 
feature  which  proved  the  great  financial  success  of  the  enterprise. 
When  the  war  was  over  she  assisted  in  providing  the  home  for  the 
maimed  and  dependent  veterans,  of  which  her  husband  was  presi- 
dent. During  this  period  she  was  also  very  active  in  philanthropic 
work  among  the  poor  of  the  city,  helping  to  establish  a  sewing  ex- 
change where  the  needy  were  given  an  opportunity  to  earn  a  liveli- 
hood. 

Becoming  deeply  interested  in  her  husband's  profession,  Mrs. 
Bradwell  commenced  the  study  of  law  under  his  instruction,  at  first 
with  no  thought  of  putting  it  to  any  practical  use.  But  with  her  prog- 
ress as  a  student,  she  became  ambitious  to  use  her  knowledge,  which 
resulted  in  the  establishment  of  the  Chicago  Legal  Nezus  in  1868. 
This  was  the  first  weekly  law  periodical  published  in  the  west,  the 
first  paper  of  its  kind  edited  by  one  of  her  sex  in  the  world,  and  it 
stands  today  as  the  best  monument  to  her  memory.  Practical  news- 
paper men  and  lawyers  predicted  its  failure,  but  her  masterly  move  in 
obtaining  from  the  Illinois  legislature  special  acts  making  all  the 
state  laws  and  opinions  of  the  supreme  court  printed  in  her  paper 
evidence  in  the  courts,  made  the  Nezvs  of  such  practical  authority 
and  gave  it  such  a  standing  before  the  bench  and  bar  alike,  as  in 
itself  to  be  an  assurance  of  success.  But  this  was  but  one  of  her  saga- 
cious acts  which  eventuated  in  making  her  publication  a  standard 
legal  authority  throughout  the  country.  In  1869  she  commenced  to 
publish  the  Illinois  session  laws,  and  as  she  always  succeeded  in  get- 
ting out  her  edition  ahead  of  all  others,  she  thereby  gained  both  pres- 
tige and  patronage.  In  the  midst  of  her  total  loss  and  indescribable 
confusion  occasioned  by  the  Chicago  fire,  she  lost  neither  heart  nor 
time,  but  hastened  to  Milwaukee  and  issued  the  News  on  the  regular 
day  of  publication.  Possessed  in  unusual  measure  of  far-sightedness, 
bravery  and  enterprise,  for  twenty-five  years  she  carried  her  project 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  53c, 

to  a  successful  conclusion,  whether  considered  from  the  professional 
or  the  financial  standpoint. 

In  the  meantime  Mrs.  Bradwell  was  fighting  her  way  toward 
recognition  as  a  practitioner.  In  1869  she  passed  a  most  creditable 
examination  for  the  bar,  but  was  denied  admission  by  the  supreme 
court  of  Illinois  upon  the  ground  that  she  was  a  married  woman. 
Later,  through  Chief  Justice  Lawrence,  the  court  was  forced  to  ad- 
mit, by  her  firm  but  courteous  legal  insistence  that  the  refusal  was 
solely  on  the  ground  that  she  was  a  woman.  Thereupon,  suing  out 
a  writ  for  error  against  the  state  of  Illinois  in  the  supreme  court  of 
the  United  States,  Mrs.  Bradwell  secured  the  services  of  the  bril- 
liant Senator  Matt  Carpenter,  of  Wisconsin,  who  argued  her  case  be- 
fore that  tribunal  in  1871.  Although  in  May,  1873,  ^^e  judgment  of 
the  lower  court  was  affirmed.  Chief  Justice  Chase  dissented. 

Mrs.  Bradwell  was  afterward  the  chief  instrument  in  securing  the 
passage  of  an  Illinois  law  granting  to  all  persons,  irrespective  of  sex, 
freedom  in  the  selection  of  an  occupation,  profession  or  employment, 
and  although  she  never  again  applied  for  admission  to  the  bar,  the 
judges  of  the  supreme  court  of  the  state,  of  their  own  accord,  issued 
to  her  a  license  to  practice  law,  and  March  28,  1892,  upon  petition  of 
Attorney-General  Miller,  she  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the 
supreme  court  of  the  United  States.  Thus  vindicated  personally,  she 
also  opened  the  way  to  the  profession  for  the  benefit  of  her  sex. 
More  than  this.  She  drafted  the  bill  giving  a  married  woman  the 
right  to  her  own  earnings,  and  through  her  efforts  it  was  passed.  She 
also  secured  the  passage  of  the  law  giving  a  widow  her  award  in  all 
cases,  and  was  the  enthusiastic  supporter  of  the  bill  granting  to  a 
husband  the  same  interest  in  a  wife's  estate  that  the  wife  had  in  her 
husband's.  While  her  husband  was  in  the  legislature  she  induced  him 
to  introduce  a  bill  making  women  eligible  to  the  office  of  notary  pub- 
lic, and  heartily  supported  Judge  Bradwell's  bill  permitting  women 
to  act  as  school  officers.     Both  measures  became  laws. 

By  her  individual  efforts,  in  1869,  Mrs.  Bradwell  obtained  the 
signatures  of  all  the  judges  in  Cook  county  and  many  of  the  lawyers 
and  ministers  of  the  city  to  the  call  for  the  first  great  woman's  suf- 
frage convention  held  in  Chicago,  was  prominent  in  the  Springfield 
convention  of  the  same  year,  and  took  part  in  the  gathering  at  Cleve- 
land,  which   resulted   in   the   formation   of  the   American   Woman's 


540  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Suffrage  Association.  After  rendering  valuable  services  at  Wash- 
ington and  elsewhere  in  obtaining  the  location  of  the  World's  Colum- 
bian Exposition  at  Chicago,  she  served  on  its  board  of  lady  mana- 
gers and  was  chairman  of  the  committee  on  law  reform  of  its  auxil- 
iary congress. 

Mrs.  Bradwell  was  the  first  woman  to  become  a  member  of  the 
Illinois  State  Bar  Association  and  the  Illinois  Press  Association ;  was 
a  charter  member  of  the  Soldiers'  Home  Board,  the  Illinois  Industrial 
School  for  Girls,  the  Washingtonian  Home  and  the  first  Masonic 
chapter  organized  for  women  in  Ihinois;  was  a  member  of  the  Chi- 
cago Woman's  Club,  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  the 
Grand  Army  Relief  Corps,  the  National  Press  League  and  the  Wom- 
an's Press  Association.  To  the  last  her  activities  were  broad  and  un- 
tiring— the  manifestations  of  her  helpful,  sympathetic  spirit.  Hand 
in  hand  with  the  bestowal  of  her  services  upon  the  public  she  bound 
together  an  ideal  home,  leaving,  at  her  death,  two  of  her  four  chil- 
dren, Thomas  and  Bessie,  both  lawyers,  the  latter  the  wife  of  Frank 
A.  Helmer,  also  a  member  of  the  Chicago  bar. 

With  the  passing  away  of  William  M.  Booth  on  September  7, 
1904,  the  legal  fraternity  of  Chicago  suffered  a  real  bereavement  in 

the  severance  of  another  fast  and  fond  tie  which, 
William  M.  ^|^j.  j^  fj^^j^^r  and  son,  had  bound  them  to  the 
cause  of  legal  education  and  courteous  practice  in 
a  community  which  not  infrequently  forgets  them  both.  The  late 
Judge  Henry  Booth,  founder  of  the  Union  College  of  Law  and  for- 
merly judge  of  the  circuit  court,  was  looked  upon  as  the  professional 
father  of  hundreds  of  bright  and  noted  practitioners,  some  of  whom 
remained  at  the  home  of  their  studies,  under  his  wise  guidance,  and 
others  of  whom  had  gone  forth  to  carry  to  other  communities  the 
benefits  of  his  training  and  his  spirit  of  thoroughness  and  honor.  It 
was  to  his  son,  however,  that  he  passed  in  fine  measure  his  spirit  and 
his  methods,  and  it  was  fondly  believed  that  in  the  long  years  to  come 
he  would  strengthen  and  perpetuate  the  noble  memory  of  his  vener- 
able father.  But,  although  William  M.  Booth  died  at  middle  age, 
there  still  cling  to  his  name  the  inspiration  of  a  trained  mind,  a  sturdy 
character  and  an  unfailing  kindliness  and  cheerfulness  which  ever 
covered  his  solid  traits  with  a  softened  light  which  often  broke  into 
sunshine. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  541 

At  the  time  of  his  death  Mr.  Booth  was  one  of  the  masters  of 
chancery  of  the  United  States  circuit  court,  which  he  had  ably  and 
faithfully  held  for  ten  years.  He  was  born  in  Poug-hkeepsie,  New 
York,  September  26,  1856,  and  about  three  years  later  was  brought 
by  his  parents  to  Chicago.  As  a  sturdy  Chicago  boy  he  passed  with 
credit  through  the  public  schools,  graduated  from  the  old  city  high 
school  and  advanced  into  the  Northwestern  University,  with  which 
his  father  had  become  so  closely  and  prominently  identified.  As  Mr. 
Booth  combined  those  rare  qualities  of  persistency,  application  and 
quick  perception,  his  advancement  was  rapid,  and  what  he  acquired 
he  retained.  So  that,  while  many  college  honors  seemed  to  gravitate 
to  him  naturally,  they  were  really  earned  at  the  expenditure  of  honest 
strength  of  mind  and  body. 

In  1878  Mr.  Booth  graduated  from  the  Northwestern  University 
with  the  degree  of  A.  B.,  which  was  followed  three  years  later  with 
his  Master's  degree.  Entering  as  a  student  at  the  Union  College  of 
Law,  at  the  same  time  he  received  the  benefit  of  study  under  the  tu- 
telage of  Melville  W.  Fuller,  and  before  his  admission  to  the  bar  in 
1880  he  had  been  appointed  chief  clerk  in  Mr.  Fuller's  office.  Until 
Mr.  Fullers  elevation  to  the  chief  justiceship  of  the  United  States 
supreme  court,  Mr.  Booth  continued  in  his  position  of  responsibility 
and  enjoyed  the  most  confidential  relations  with  his  distinguished  su- 
perior. In  September,  1888,  he  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Gregory,  Booth  and  Harlan,  which  succeeded  to  the  practice  of  the 
chief  justice,  and  although  since  dissolved  by  mutual  consent,  the 
members  of  the  partnership  always  retained  a  firmly  cemented  friend- 
ship for  each  other.  On  June  9,  1894,  Mr.  Booth  was  appointed  by 
Justice  Harlan  of  the  supreme  court  and  the  circuit  judges  of  his 
district  to  the  position  of  master  in  chancery  of  the  United  States 
circuit  court,  to  fill  the  vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  John  I.  Ben- 
nett. The  succeeding  ten  years  proved  in  a  marked  manner  the  emi- 
nently judicial  quahties  of  his  mind,  as  he  had  previously  demon- 
strated his  ability  as  a  practicing-  lawyer  and  a  broad-minded  and  safe 
counselor. 

In  1886  William  M.  Booth  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ada 
Fenton  Sheldon,  of  Chicago,  who,  with  two  sons,  survives  him.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Athletic  Association,  and  the  Illinois. 
Douglas,  University  and  Calumet  Golf  Clubs.     In  politics  he  was  a 


542  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Republican,  but  as  has  been  well  said  "he  belonged  to  the  democracy 
of  right-minded,  clean-hearted,  good  fellowship." 

Thomas  Dent,  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Dent  and  Jack- 
son, and  who  has  practiced  his  profession  actively  and  ably  here  for 

a  period  of  more  than  half  a  century,  is  a  native 
Thomas  ^^  Illinois,  born  in  Putnam  county,  on  the  14th  of 
November,  1831.  His  parents,  George  and  Com- 
fort (I jams)  Dent,  were  among  the  pioneers  of  that  county,  having 
settled  there  in  the  year  named  upon  their  removal  from  Muskingum 
county,  Ohio,  where  the  father  was  chiefly  reared.  Traced  back  for 
several  earlier  generations,  Mr.  Dent's  ancestors  are  found  to  be 
sturdy  pioneers  of  Maryland  and  Virginia,  pursuing  most  creditable 
careers  and  holding  positions  of  public  honor  and  trust. 

While  residing  in  Putnam  county,  George  Dent,  the  father,  held 
such  offices  as  clerk  of  the  court  of  county  commissioners,  county 
recorder,  clerk  of  the  county  court,  master  in  chancery,  county  judge 
and  member  of  the  state  assembly,  and  later  in  life,  upon  his  re- 
moval to  Woodford  county,  was  there  officially  honored.  He  was 
evidently  a  man  of  broad  information  and  varied  practical  abilities, 
traits  inherited  and  strengthened  by  the  son,  who  enjoyed  the  bene- 
fits of  a  thorough  and  systematic  legal  education. 

Thomas  Dent  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  district  schools 
near  his  home,  his  boyhood  life,  outside  of  the  school  room  being 
largely  spent  on  the  paternal  farm,  which  was  operated  in  connection 
with  the  almost  continuous  official  duties  which  fell  to  him  as  a  result 
of  public  confidence  in  his  abilities  and  honor.  In  his  thirteenth  year 
Thomas  Dent  obtained  his  first  practical  experience  in  legal  proceed- 
ings by  an  irregular  attendance  at  the  clerk's  and  recorder's  offices, 
and  when  his  father  assumed  these  offices  himself,  the  youth  (then 
sixteen)  became  more  continuously  connected  with  the  work.  While 
thus  engaged  he  commenced  his  professional  studies,  and  as  he  was 
assisted  by  having  the  benefit  of  assistance  from  able  members  of 
the  bar  with  whom  he  daily  came  in  contact  when  he  was  finally  ad- 
mitted to  the  Illinois  bar,  in  1854,  he  was  far  better  qualified  to  prac- 
tice than  most  young  men  of  his  age.  Soon  after  his  entrance  into 
the  profession  he  was  entrusted  with  the  management  of  a  variety 
of  important  causes  at  home  and  elsewhere  in  the  state.     In  addi- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  543 

tion  to  his  regular  practice,  at  this  period,  he  became  a  legal  expert 
in  the  compiling  of  indices  to  the  land  records. 

In  1856,  after  practicing  in  Hennepin  for  two  years,  Thomas 
Dent  came  to  Chicago,  and  has  since  practiced  continuously  in  this 
city.  Soon  after  becoming  a  resident  of  Chicago  he  formed  a  part- 
nership with  Hon.  Martin  R.  M.  Wallace,  whom  he  had  known  at 
Ottawa,  Illinois,  and  who  afterward  became  prominent  as  a  general 
of  the  Civil  war  and  as  a  member  of  the  bench.  After  a  short  ab- 
sence in  Peoria,  Illinois,  during  which  he  opened  an  office  there,  he 
returned  to  Chicago,  and  in  i860  formed  a  partnership  with  Hon. 
Alfred  W.  Arrington  and,  under  the  name  of  Arrington  and  Dent, 
a  profitable  and  noteworthy  professional  business  was  conducted  until 
the  death  of  the  senior  partner  in  December,  1867.  A  few  months 
later  he  associated  himself  with  Captain  William  P.  Black,  the  firm 
of  Dent  and  Black  continuing  to  strengthen  the  reputations  of  its 
members  during  the  eighteen  years  of  its  existence.  Since  that  time 
Mr.  Dent  has  been,  successively,  a  member  of  the  firms  of  Dent, 
Black  and  Cratty  Brothers;  Dent  and  Smith  (Edwin  Burritt)  ;  Dent, 
and  Whitman  (Russell)  ;  Dent,  Whitman  and  Eaton,  and  Dent  and 
Jackson. 

Personally  Mr.  Dent  has  had  a  broad  and  varied  experience  in 
many  legal  lines,  involving  the  trial  of  causes  in  various  courts  of 
the  northwest,  as  well  as  in  the  supreme  court  of  the  United  States. 
He  has  served  as  president  of  the  Chicago  Law  Institute,  the  Chi- 
cago Bar  Association  and  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association.  At  the 
age  of  twenty-one  he  was  a  nominee  for  county  judge  of  Putnam 
county,  and  in  1879  the  Republicans  made  him  their  nominee  for  the 
judgeship  of  the  state  supreme  court,  seventh  district  of  Illinois.  Mr. 
Dent's  practice  has  always  been  marked  by  earnest  preparation,  keen 
analysis  of  testimony  and  forcible  promulgation  of  principles,  evinc- 
ing an  extensive  knowledge  of  legal  principles  and  their  wise  and 
ready  application. 

In  1857  Mr.  Dent  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Susan 
Strawn,  and  they  have  had  one  child,  Mary,  who  died  in  1882.  The 
family  residence  is  at  1823  Prairie  avenue.  Besides  having  a  leading 
identification  with  the  professional  organizations  mentioned  Mr. 
Dent  belongs  to  the  Union  League,  Chicago  Literary  and  Twentieth 


544  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Century  clubs.  In  view  of  his  pioneer  citizenship  he  has  always  been 
deeply  interested  in  the  successful  efforts  being  made  by  the  Chicago 
Historical  Society  to  preserve  interesting  and  valuable  documents  and 
memorials  connected  with  the  great  events  of  the  city  and  the  north- 
west. Of  that  organization  he  is  now  vice  president,  and  has  con- 
tributed valuable  papers  to  the  literature  which  it  encourages  and 
collects. 

John  Rush  Newcomer,  a  judge  of  the  municipal  court  and  well 
known  as  father  of  the  Juvenile  Court  Law  of  Chicago,  and  for  his 

connection  with  the  state's  attorney's  office,  is  a  na- 

,,-^  "         tive  of  the  Keystone  state,   born  on  the   nth  of 

Newcomer.       ^  r.^     •      ^  r^  - 

August,  1863,  m  the  town  of  Qumcy.     His  parents 

were  Dr.  John  and  Catherine  Newcomer,  his  mother  being  also  a 
native  of  that  place,  where  she  was  married  to  Dr.  Newcomer  in 
1855.  During  their  residence  there  they  were  both  prominent  in 
the  work  of  caring  for  wounded  soldiers,  as  they  were  located  in  the 
fighting  zone  of  the  Civil  war.  Soon  after  its  close,  when  John  R. 
was  about  two  years  of  age,  they  located  at  Mount  Morris,  Illinois, 
where  the  boy  was  raised  upon  a  farm  and  attended  the  country' 
school.  The  husband  died  in  1872,  leaving  the  widow  and  four 
small  children.  Those  of  the  latter  who  survive  are  Dr.  J.  S.  New- 
comer, of  Geddes,  South  Dakota,  and  Judge  John  R.  Newcomer. 
The  sister.  Bertha,  died  in  Chicago  in  1896  and  the  other  brother, 
Harvey  L.,  was  killed  by  the  cars  in  1884  at  Leaf  River,  Illinois: 
Mrs.  Catherine  Newcomer,  the  mother,  who  spent  the  last  days  of 
her  life  with  the  Judge  in  Chicago,  died  in  May,  1907,  at  the  age  of 
sixty-eight  years,  the  remains  being  taken  to  Leaf  River  for  burial. 
After  finishing  a  high  school  course.  Judge  Newcomer  entered 
the  Teachers'  Training  School  at  Oregon,  Illinois,  and  then  taught 
for  a  number  of  years,  returning  to  the  prosecution  of  his  higher 
studies  at  Jennings  Seminary,  Aurora,  Illinois,  from  which  he  gradu- 
ated in  1887.  He  received  his  professional  education  at  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan,  graduating  from  its  law  department  in  1891  and 
dating  his  practice  from  December  of  that  year.  Shortly  afterward 
he  formed  a  partnership  with  William  H.  Dellenback,  under  the  firm 
name  of  Newcomer  and  Dellenback,  which  continued  until  1900.  He 
had  already  served  one  term  in  the  legislature,  being  elected  in  1898, 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  545 

and  while  there  he  introduced,  championed  and  finally  succeeded  in 
having  passed,  on  the  last  night  of  the  last  day  of  the  session,  the 
Juvenile  Court  Bill,  the  first  measure  of  the  kind  to  become  a  law  in 
the  United  States.  This  was  the  culmination  of  a  long  period  of 
tireless,  able  and  disinterested  work  commenced  long  before  his  elec- 
tion, and  as  Judge  Newcomer's  sole  object  in  becoming  a  member  of 
the  legislature  was  to  endeavor  to  pass  such  a  law  he  may  be  par- 
doned a  mingled  feeling  of  pride  and  deep  satisfaction  at  what  has 
been  accomplished  by  it  in  this  city.  At  the  present  time  about  twenty 
states  have  incorporated  legislation  into  their  laws  which  is  largely 
based  upon  the  bill  which  owes  its  existence  in  great  measure  to  the 
persistency  and  wisdom  of  Judge  Newcomer. 

In  December,  1899,  Governor  Deneen  appointed  Judge  New- 
comer assistant  state's  attorney,  and  five  years  later  John  J.  Healy, 
the  head  of  the  department,  named  him  for  the  same  position.  He 
was  in  court  as  one  of  the  trial  lawyers  of  that  office  constantly  for 
more  than  seven  years.  Many  important  and  difficult  cases  were 
successfully  handled  by  him,  and  his  record  there  materially  assisted 
him  in  his  election  to  the  municipal  judgeship 

Joseph  Holton  Defrees,  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Defrees, 
Brace  and  Ritter,  of  Chicago,  was  born  in  Goshen,  Indiana.  April  10, 

iSt^S.     His  ancestors  were  French  Huo;uenots  who 

Joseph  H.  ,    „  •  ^  •      .     ^1  ^    o        • 

•^„  came  to  this  country  prior  to  the  Avar  of  181 2,  in 

Defrees.  . 

which    conflict    the    family    was    represented.     His 

parents  were  James  McKinney  and  Victoria  (Holton)  Defrees.  They 
died  during  the  childhood  of  their  son  Joseph,  who  was,  accordingly, 
reared  by  his  grandfather,  Joseph  H.  Defrees,  a  prominent  citizen  of 
Indiana  and  member  of  Congress  from  the  slate  during  the  recon- 
struction period.  His  brother,  John  D.  Defrees,  was  the  founder  of 
the  Indianapolis  Journal  and  was  public  printer  under  Presidents 
Lincoln,  Grant  and  Hayes. 

Having  laid  his  educational  foundation  in  the  public  schools  of  his 
native  state,  Mr.  Defrees  continued  his  studies  in  Earlham  College,  at 
Richmond,  Indiana,  and  later  in  Northwestern  University,  at  Evans- 
ton.  At  the  age  of  eighteen  becoming  a  law  student  in  the  office  of 
Baker  and  Mitchell,  at  Goshen.  Indiana, — for  many  years  the  most 
prominent  law  firm  in  northern  Indiana. — upon  the  election  of  Mr. 

Vol.  II— 4 


546  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mitchell  to  the  state  supreme  bench,  Mr.  Defrees  became  a  partner  of 
Mr.  Baker,  under  the  firm  name  of  Baker  and  Defrees,  while  later 
the  firm  became  Baker,  Defrees  and  Baker. 

In  1888  Mr.  Defrees  came  to  Chicago,  where  he  has  made  a  speci- 
alty of  corporation  and  real  estate  law  and  gained  a  large  clientele  in 
these  lines.  He  was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Shuman  and  Defrees, 
later  with  Aldrich,  Payne  and  Defrees  and  now  senior  member  of 
Defrees,  Brace  and  Ritter.  Mr.  Defrees  has  been  a  practicing  lawyer 
since  he  was  twenty- two  years  old,  and  industry  and  ability  have  given 
him  high  professional  rank. 

Mr.  Defrees  married,  October  4,  1882,  Miss  Harriet  McNaughton, 
of  Buffalo,  New  York.  Donald  Defrees,  their  one  child,  born  in  1885, 
attended  Princeton- Yale  school  at  Chicago,  the  St.  Paul  school  at 
Concord,  New  Hampshire,  and  after  graduating  from  Yale  University 
in  the  class  of  1905,  entered  Harvard  Law  School. 

Mr.  Defrees  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  Hamilton,  City, 
Law  and  Chicago  Clubs,  Midlothian  Country  Club,  and  the  Chicago 
Bar  Association.  He  is  an  earnest  Republican,  but  not  active  for 
political  honors. 

Kenesaw  M.  Landis,  United  States  judge  for  the  Northern  Dis- 
trict of  Illinois,  was  born  in  Millville,  Ohio,  November  20,  1866,  and 

is,  therefore,  one  of  the  youngest  members  of  the 

Kenesaw  M.     ^^^^^^i  bench.     His  boyhood,  youth  and  early  man- 
Landis.  ,,  .;.,.  ,.,  , 

hood   were   spent   m   Indiana    to   whicn   state   the 

family  removed  in  1876.  Judge  Landis  completed  his  law  studies  at 
the  Union  College  of  Law,  Chicago,  from  which  he  graduated  and  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  1891.  Two  years  later  he  received  the  ap- 
pointment of  private  secretary 'to  Judge  Walter  Q.  Gresham,  who  had 
been  named  by  President  Cleveland  as  his  secretary  of  state,  and  held 
that  position  until  1895.  Mr.  Landis  then  returned  to  Chicago  and 
resumed  the  practice  of  his  profession,  which  he  continued  until  his 
elevation  to  the  bench  of  the  United  States  district  court  in  March, 
1905.  The  most  famous  cases  which  have  come  before  him  for 
adjudication  are  those  which  the  government  brought  against  the 
Standard  Oil  Company.  Judge  Landis  imposed  fines  aggregating 
$29,240,000.  His  action  was  reversed  by  the  higher  court,  and  the 
appeal  of  the  government  from  such  reversal  is  now  (October,  1908) 
about  to  be  ruled  upon  by  the  court  of  appeals. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  547 

It  has  always  been  a  disputed  question,  how  far  temperament  goes 
in  the  determination  of  personal  destiny ;  but  it  is  an  accepted  fact 

that  where  education,  training  and  experience  run 
,.  *         "    parallel  with  individual  inclination,  the  combination 

JS-OHLSAAT 

is  irresistible  in  its  impetus.  Neither  does  it  require 
keen  observation  to  recognize  intellectual  temperament,  when  the 
general  personality  is  large  and  strong.  For  years  before  Christian 
C.  Kohlsaat  commenced  his  ascent  from  bench  to  bench,  it  was  gen- 
erally admitted  both  by  his  fellow  practitioners  and  the  judges  before 
whom  he  conducted  his  cases,  that  although  successful  as  an  advo- 
cate he  was  even  more  eminent  as  a  counselor — that  he  possessed  in 
a  marked  degree  the  judicial  temperament. 

The  present  occupant  of  the  United  States  circuit  bench  is  a  na- 
tive of  the  state  which  he  has  honored,  being  born  near  Albion,  Ed- 
wards county,  Illinois,  January  8,  1844.  He  laid  the  groundwork 
of  his  literary  and  professional  education  in  the  public  schools  and 
academy  at  Galena,  that  state,  and  subsequently  became  a  student  in 
the  University  of  Chicago.  His  degree  of  LL.  D.  he  received  from 
the  Illinois  College.  While  engaged  in  his  legal  studies  he  became  a 
law  reporter  for  the  Chicago  Evening  Journal,  and  after  his  admis- 
sion to  the  bar  acted  as  minute  clerk  of  the  county  court.  Judge 
Kohlsaat  was  admitted  to  practice  in  1867,  and  at  once  assumed  a 
good  standing  among  his  fellow  attorneys.  In  1880  he  was  appointed 
a  member  of  the  board  of  west  park  commissioners,  serving  thus  for 
six  years,  or  until  January,  1890,  when  he  was  selected  by  Governor 
Fifer  as  probate  judge  of  Cook  county  to  fill  out  the  unexpired  term 
of  Judge  Knickerbocker.  In  the  same  year  he  was  elected  to  that 
bench,  and  re-elected  in  1894  and  1898.  In  1899  he  resigned  the  pro- 
bate judgeship,  only  to  accept  his  appointment  to  the  United  States 
district  bench  for  the  northern  district  of  Illinois,  which  he  filled  with 
ability,  impartiality  and  dignity  from  February  28,  1899,  until  March, 
1905.  At  the  latter  date  he  assumed  his  present  duties  as  judge  of 
the  United  States  circuit  court,  and  in  the  prompt  and  wise  perform- 
ance of  them  he  has  demonstrated  that  he  is  equal  to  the  responsi- 
bilities of  any  judicial  elevation  which  may  come  to  him. 

Aside  from  his  judicial  functions.  Judge  Kohlsaat  has  an  active 
identification  with  important  charitable  and  educational  institutions. 
He  is  a  trustee  of  the  Y.  M.  C.  A.  and  president  of  the  boards  of  trus- 


548  CHICAGO    AND    COOK  XOUNTY 

tees  of  both  the  Lewis  Institute  and  the  Mary  Thompson  Hospital 
for  Women  and  Children.  His  social  membership  embraces  the  Un- 
ion League  Club  (of  which  he  was  president  in  1896),  and  the  Chi- 
cago, Athletic  and  Illinois  clubs.  Married  in  June,  1871,  to  Miss 
Frances  S.  Smith,  he  has  become  the  father  of  four  children,  and  his 
domestic  life  is  in  keeping  with  his  upright  and  kindly  character. 

Not  a  few  lawyers  of  foreign  birth  have  attained  very  high  stand- 
ing in  Chicago,  both  as  attorneys  and  jurists,  and  among  them  none 

have  obtained  greater  eminence  than  Axel 
Chytraus,  present  judge  of  the  superior  court,  who 
has  been  an  incumbent  of  that  bench  since  his  first 
election  in  November,  1898.  He  was  born  in  the  province  of  Werm- 
land,  Sweden,  son  of  Gustav  E.  and  Maria  (Johnson)  Chytraus,  on 
the  15th  of  September,  1859.  On  the  paternal  side  the  ancestral  line 
is  traced  to  the  fourteenth  century,  beginning  in  Germany  and  em- 
bracing several  noted  theologians.  Later,  it  was  established  in  Swe- 
den, the  family  numbering  not  a  few  well-known  civil  engineers. 

Judge  Chytraus  came  to  Chicago  with  his  parents  when  he  was 
ten  years  of  age,  and  had,  therefore,  received  some  schooling  in  Swe- 
den.    He  finished  his  education  preliminary  to  his  professional  train- 
ing in  the  public  schools  of  this  city,  and  as  he  has  never  enjoyed  a 
collegiate  education,  his  rapid  progress  in  his  calling  is  all  the  more 
remarkable.    At  the  age  of  thirteen  he  entered  the  office  of  Howe  and 
Russell  as  an  all-around  boy,  and  there  he  remained  engaged  in  work 
and  subsequent  study  until  about  a  year  before  his  admission  to  the 
bar.    After  the  death  of  F.  S.  Howe  he  remained  for  some  time  with 
the  surviving  partner,  E.  W.  Russell,  and  in  1880  left  his  employ  and 
became  connected  with  the  office  of  Francis  Lackner.     Upon  his  ad- 
mission to  the  bar  November  7,  1881,  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
Mr.  Lackner's  brother-in-law,  George  F.  Blanke,  under  the  firm  name 
of  Blanke  and  Chytraus,  this  connection  continuing  for  a  number  of 
years  prior  to  the  admission  of  Charles  S.  Deneen  into  the  business. 
The  firm  of  Blanke,  Chytraus  and  Deneen  was  dissolved  upon  the 
election  of  Mr.  Blanke  to  the  bench  of  the  superior  court  in  1893,  and 
the  partnership  of  Chytraus  and  Deneen  until  the  elevation  of  the 
former  to  the  superior  judgeship  in  November,  1898.     In  the  mean- 
time Mr.  Deneen  had  been  elected  state's  attorney,  and  since,  gov- 
ernor of  the  state.     Judge  Chytraus's  record  was  so  unimpeachable 


•CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  549 

from  every  standpoint  of  professional  conduct  and  absolute  justice, 
his  decisions  and  general  dispatch  of  business  was  so  prompt  and  yet 
courteous,  that  he  was  re-elected  in  1904  for  another  six-years'  term. 
Although  his  voting  politics  is  Republican  no  one  has  ever  intimated 
that  his  judicial  proceedings  are  in  any  way  affected  by  his  party 
leanings. 

Judge  Chytraus  was  married  June  22,  1892,  to  Laura  Haugan, 
daughter  of  H.  A.  Haugan,  president  of  the  State  Bank  of  Chicago. 
They  have  no  children  living.  The  Judge  has  been  for  many  years 
a  member  of  the  Union  League  Club,  and  is  also  identified  with  the 
Marquette  Club.  He  is  well  advanced  in  Masonry,  having  reached 
the  thirty-second  degree. 

George  Albert  Carpenter  is  a  native  of  Chicago,  and  the  son  and 
grandson  of  ancestors  who  have  had  a  large  part  in  its  pioneer  his- 

tory.     He  was  born  October  20,   1867,  the  son  of 

„  ■       George  B.  and  Elizabeth  (Greene)  Carpenter.     His 

C    A'RP'FN'TF'R  \  /  j. 

father  is  a  native  of  Conneaut,  Ohio,  where  he  was 
born  March  12,  1834,  becoming  a  resident  of  Chicago  in  1850, 
while  his  mother,  a  New  Hampshire  lady,  died  in  June,  1905,  at  the 
age  of  sixty  years.  The  grandfather,  Benjamin  Carpenter,  was  es- 
pecially connected  with  the  civic  history  of  the  city.  He  was  a  man 
of  energetic  and  positive  nature,  and  at  one  time  served  as  a  mem- 
ber from  the  old  ninth  ward,  in  the  city  council.  When  the  depart- 
ment of  public  works  was  created  in  1852,  he  was  appointed  its  first 
commissioner  and  accomplished  much  in  the  early  improvement  of 
the  streets,  water  works,  etc. 

Judge  Carpenter  received  his  early  education  at  the  old  Ogden 
public  school  and  the  Higher  School  for  Boys,  conducted  by  Cecil 
Barnes.  At  the  latter  institution  he  prepared  for  college,  and  became 
a  student  at  Harvard  University  in  1884,  graduating  four  years  there- 
after with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  Upon  this  firm  literary  foundation 
he  entered  the  law  school  of  Harvard  University,  and  in  1891  ob- 
tained from  it  his  professional  degree  of  LL.  B.  In  October  of  the 
previous  year  he  had  been  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar,  and  in  June, 

1 89 1,  commenced  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Chicago.     At  first 
he  was  informally  associated  with  Abram  M.  Pence,  and  in  January, 

1892,  entered  into  partnership  with  him  under  the  firm  style  of  Pence 
and   Carpenter.     This  connection  continued   until   September,    1905, 


550  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

when  Mr.  Pence  died;  but  the  firm  remained  the  same  in  name  until 
June,  1906,  when  Mr.  Carpenter  was  elected  to  the  circuit  bench.  He 
was  elected  as  a  Republican,  that  political  faith,  with  its  predecessor, 
the  Whig,  being  almost  a  family  inheritance. 

Judge  Carpenter  has  a  wide  connection  with  the  clubs  and  socie- 
ties of  Chicago,  having  membership  in  the  Law,  Chicago,  Univer- 
sity, Saddle  and  Cycle,  Onwentsia,  Fellowship  and  Lake  Geneva 
Country  clubs. 

George  A.  Carpenter  was  united  in  marriage  May  10,  1894,  to 
Miss  Harriet  Isham,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  R.  N.  Isham,  one  of  the  lead- 
ing surgeons  of  the  country,  who  died  in  March,  1904.  Her  mother, 
formerly  Katherine  Snow,  was  born  in  the  city  of  Chicago  in  1833, 
being  a  daughter  of  G.  W.  Snow,  himself  one  of  the  early  pioneers 
of  the  city.  The  children  born  to  Judge  and  Mrs.  Carpenter  are 
Katherine  Snow  and  George  Benjamin  Carpenter. 

Merritt  Starr  is  one  of  the  sons  of  the  Empire  State  who  have 

achieved  eminence  in  the  great  commonwealth  of  Illinois.     A  native 

of  Ellington,   Chautauqua  county,   New   York,   he 
Merritt        .  .  .  . 

<-,  is  a  descendant  in  the  ninth  generation  of  Dr.  Com- 

oTARR 

fort  Starr,  of  Ashford,  Kent,  England,  who,  in 
1635,  crossed  the  Atlantic  in  the  sailing  vessel  Hercules  and  took  up 
his  residence  in  Boston,  and  whose  second  son.  Comfort  Starr,  A.  M., 
of  Emmanuel's  College,  Cambridge  University,  was  one  of  the  - 
founders  and  a  member  of  the  charter  board  of  Fellows  of  Harvard 
College.  On  the  maternal  side  Mr.  Starr  is  descended  from  John 
Williams,  who  was  a  member  of  the  Rhode  Island  senate  during  the 
Revolutionary  war,  and  a  grandson  of  Roger  Williams,  the  founder 
of  the  colony  of  Rhode  Island.  Both  of  the  families  were  repre- 
sented in  the  American  army  during  the  struggle  for  independence. 
In  his  early  boyhood  Mr.  Starr's  parents  removed  to  Rock  Island, 
Illinois,  where  he  attended  school  preparatory  to  entering  Griswold 
College  at  Davenport,  Iowa.  Later  he  was  a  student  in  Oberlin 
College,  from  which  he  received  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1875.  The 
degree  of  Master  of  Arts  was  subsequently  conferred  upon  him  by 
Oberlin  College.  Having  become  imbued  with  the  desire  to  enter 
the  legal  profession,  he  read  law  for  three  years  in  the  office  of  the 
attorneys  for  the  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy  Railroad  Company, 
and  in    1878  entered  the  college  and  law  departments  of  Harvard 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  551 

University,  at  which  he  was  graduated  in  1881,  and  received  the 
degrees  of  Bachelor  of  Arts  and  Bachelor  of  Laws. 

Upon  graduating  at  Harvard  Mr.  Starr  came  at  once  to  Chicago, 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  entered  upon  a  successful  professional 
career.  His  first  professional  work  was  the  preparation  of  briefs  for 
some  of  the  prominent  attorneys  of  Chicago.  While  he  was  thus 
engaged  he  prepared  and  published  some  valuable  contributions  to 
legal  literature.  Among  these  are  "Starr's  Reference  Digest  of  Wis- 
consin Reports"  (1882),  the  practice  chapters  in  the  treatise  known 
as  "Gould  on  the  Law  of  Waters"  (1883),  and,  in  connection  with 
the  late  R.  H.  Curtis,  "Starr  and  Curtis's  Annotated  Statutes  of  Illi- 
nois" (1885,  1887,  1892  and  1896).  He  was  the  first  editor  of  the 
decisions  of  the  supreme  court  of  Illinois  for  the  Northeastern  Re- 
porter, holding  the  position  in  1885-88,  at  the  end  of  which  time 
he  was  forced  by  the  demands  of  a  growing  private  business  to  re- 
sign it.  He  has  been  a  frequent  contributor  to  legal  publications,  is 
an  orator  of  recognized  ability,  and  is  listened  to  often  and  with 
pleasure  by  local  clubs,  law  societies  and  popular  audiences.  On  the 
suspension  of  the  Indiana  banks  in  1883,  he  conducted  the  litigation 
carried  on  in  Chicago  on  behalf  of  their  creditors  and  established  in 
the  supreme  court  of  Illinois  the  then  novel  doctrine,  that  banks  must 
hold  the  entire  funds  of  the  garnished  depositor  for  the  benefit  of 
all  the  creditors  who  may  thereafter  perfect  claims  under  the  statute. 
In  these  important  and  warmly  contested  cases  he  met  the  late  W.  C. 
Goudy,  John  W.  Jewett,  and  other  leaders  of  the  Chicago  bar.  Mr. 
Starr  was  honored  with  the  friendship  of  the  late  Corydon  Beck- 
with,  ex-judge  of  the  supreme  court  of  Illinois,  and  assisted  him  in 
important  matters. 

In  1890  Mr.  Starr  formed  a  partnership  with  Hon.  John  S.  Mil- 
ler, ex-corporation  counsel  of  Chicago,  and  ex-Senator  Henry  W. 
Leman,  under  the  firm  name  of  Miller,  Starr  and  Leman.  Two  years 
later  the  junior  member  of  the  firm  retired,  but  Messrs.  Miller  and 
Starr  continued  their  business  relations,  and  in  the  autumn  of  1893 
became  associated  with  Colonel  George  R.  Peck,  then  general  solici- 
tor of  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa  Fe  Railway  Company,  and 
since  1895  general  counsel  for  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul 
Railway  Company.  The  firm  of  Peck,  Miller  and  Starr  has  for 
years  occupied  a  prominent  position  at  the  Chicago  bar. 


552  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Starr  possesses  marked  individuality  and  originality.  His 
opinions  are  neither  inherited  nor  acquired  from  others,  but  are  the 
result  of  his  own  carefiil  and  conscientious  investigation  and  delib- 
eration. As  a  lawyer  he  is  distinguished  for  clearness  of  perception, 
tireless  industry  and  keen  discrimination.  In  an  important  case  his 
brief  gives  indubitable  evidence  of  exhaustive  research,  legal  acumen, 
forcible  statement  and  faultless  logic.  But  he  is  not  content  with  be- 
ing a  lawyer.  He  is  a  man  of  wide  and  generous  culture.  An  om- 
nivorous reader,  he  is  familiar  with  the  best  books,  classic  and  mod- 
ern, arid  being  blessed  with  a  memory  loyal  to  its  trust,  he  can,  when 
occasion  demands,  bring  forth  from  the  rich  storehouse  of  the 
world's  wisdom,  treasures  new  and  old.  Not  unfamiliar  with  art 
science  and  philosophy,  his  greatest  delight  is  in  the  domain  of  litera- 
ture, wherein  he  finds  rest  from  professional  toil.  He  is  a  true  and 
steadfast  friend,  a  genial  companion,  prizing  all  the  amenities  and 
courtesies  that  make  life  pleasant  and  friendship  valuable. 

Recognizing  his  obligations  as  a  citizen,  Mr.  Starr  has  taken  an 
active  part  in  every  effort  to  improve  municipal  government.  He  in- 
fluentially  participated  in  the  organization  of  the  Civil  Service 
League,  drafting  the  city  civil  service  law  and  assisting  in  its  passage, 
as  well  as  fathering  the  bills  and  instituting  the  merit  system  in  the 
state  and  county  institutions.  He  was  a  leader  in  the  promulgation 
of  the  Greater  Chicago  charter,  in  1904,  and  no  important  move- 
ment can  be  named  which  has  had  for  its  object  the  betterment  of 
the  public  service  in  which  he  has  not  taken  the  part  of  a  conscien- 
tious, leading  citizen. 

Mr.  Starr  adheres  to  the  principles  of  the  Republican  party,  be- 
lieving that  they  best  conserve  the  public  good.  He  is  connected 
with  various  societies  and  organizations  for  the  promotion  of  social, 
literary  and  philanthropic  aims  and  purposes,  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Union  League,  the  Chicago  Literary,  the  University,  the  Harvard 
(Chicago),  the  Skokie  Country  and  the  Kenilworth  clubs.  His  pro- 
fessional connections  are  with  the  Chicago,  the  American  and  the 
Illinois  State  Bar  associations,  and  the  Chicago  Law  Institute,  hav- 
ing served  as  president  of  the  last-named  for  two  terms  and  for 
many  years  as  director.  He  has  always  been  deeply  interested  and 
proved  a  wise  leader  in  progressive  public  education,  and  has  served 
for  some  time  as  a  member  of  the  township  board  of  education.     He 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  553 

is  a  trustee  of  Oberlin  College,  and  a  leading  member  of  the  Congre- 
gational Club. 

Mr.  Starr  was  married  September  8,  1885,  to  Miss  Leila  Wheel- 
ock,  of  Cleveland,  who  was  a  fellow-student  at  Oberlin  College. 
Their  children  are :  Winifred  Ursula,  Philip  Comfort,  Merritt  Paul, 
and  Leila  Beatrice.  Mrs.  Starr  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Woman's 
Club  and  takes  an  active  part  in  literary  and  philanthropic  work. 

John  Marshall  Clark,  secretary  of  Grey,  Clark  &  Engle,  large 
and  well-known  leather  manufacturers,  is  an  honored  business  man 

of  the  pioneer  period  of  Chicago's  history.     He  is 

-'  ■         also  one  of  those  rugged  historic  characters,  who, 

having  accomplished  their  good  work  in  the  build- 
ing of  the  west,  located  in  its  representative  city  to  participate  in  its 
unparalleled  growth  in  material  and  civic  affairs. 

Mr.  Clark  was  born  in  White  Pigeon,  St.  Joseph  county,  Michi- 
gan, on  the  I  St  of  August,  1836,  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  aTtid  Mary  E. 
(Fitch)  Clark.  Early  in  life  he  evinced  a  preference  for  engineering 
work,  and  'finally  entered  the  noted  Rensselaer  Polytechnic  Institute, 
at  Troy,  New  York,  graduating  therefrom  in  1856  with  the  degree 
of  C.  E.  In  the  meantime  his  family  had  removed  to  Chicago,  where 
he  had  passed  the  years  of  his  boyhood  and  youth  from  1847  to  1852. 
Upon  his  graduation  from  the  Polytechnic  Institute  Mr.  Clark  re- 
turned to  this  city,  and  from  1856  to  1859  was  connected  with  the 
engineering  corps  of  the  Illinois  Central  Railroad.  In  the  latter  year 
he  started  for  the  western  plains  and  their  promises  (amply  fulfilled) 
of  wonderful  development,  participating  in  the  laying  out  of  the 
original  site  of  Denver,  in  which  he  also  had  a  proprietary  interest. 
He  was  here  engaged,  professionally,  for  three  years,  and  in  1862 
went  to  Santa  Fe  as  a  surveyor  of  the  government  lands  in  New 
Mexico.  While  thus  employed  the  Confederates  made  their  raid  into 
the  territory,  and  Mr.  Clark  rendered  the  federal  cause  valuable  serv- 
ice by  conveying  important  documents  connected  with  the  government 
land  office  to  Fort  Union.  Later  he  served  as  an  aide-de-camp  on 
the  staffs  of  Generals  Donaldson  and  Stough,  being  with  the  latter 
at  the  battle  of  Apache  Canyon. 

After  the  war  Mr.  Clark  returned  to  Chicago,  in  order  to  enter 
the  more  promising  field  of  business,  in  which  he  has  since  remained. 
He  at  once  bought  an  interest  in  the  leather  manufacturing  firm  ot 


554  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Grey,  Marshall  &  Company,  which  had  been  established  in  1857  by 
William  L.  Grey  and  James  G.  Marshall.  Later  the  style  of  the  firm 
became  Grey,  Clark  &  Company,  and  in  1880,  by  the  admission  of 
Augustus  Engle  to  a  participation  in  its  affairs,  was  formed  the  present 
Grey,  Clark  &  Engle.  At  one.  time  Mr.  Clark  was  president  of  the 
Chicago  Telephone  Company,  in  which  he  is  still  a  director. 

John  M.  Clark  has  enjoyed  a  long,  intimate  and  important  con- 
nection with  the  public  affairs  of  Chicago,  and  for  many  years  was 
recognized  as  among  its  ablest  and  most  popular  Republican  leaders. 
He  served  as  a  member  of  the  common  council  in  1869-71,  and  in 
1 88 1  was  put  forward  by  his  party  as  a  candidate  against  Carter  H. 
Harrison,  Sr.  Later,  he  was  a  member  of  the  Chicago  board  of 
education,  and  in  1890  was  appointed  by  the  national,  administration 
as  collector  of  the  port,  serving  in  that  office  for  the  succeeding  four 
years.  He  was  also  honored  with  the  presidency  of  the  first  board  of 
civil  service  commissioners  in  1895-97.  Mr.  Clark  has  been  widely 
and  influentially  connected  with  various  city  organizations,  having 
held  the  presidency  of  the  Chicago  Club  and  been  a  leading  member 
of  the  Union  League,  University,  Literary,  Calumet  and  Commercial 
clubs. 

William  K.  Ackerman,  chairman  of  the  board  of  examiners  of 
the  first  Civil  Service  Commission,  was  long  held  to  be  one  of  the 

most  honorable  and  clear-headed  citizens  of  Chi- 

WlLLIAM  K.  -TT^  r  1      1  1 

.  cago.      He    was    a    man    of    remarkable    organiz- 

ing and  systematizing  powers,  and  accomplished 
much  for  the  practical  good  of  the  commission  in  its  formative 
and  experimental  period.  For  a  quarter  of  a  century  he  had 
ably  filled  various  executive  offices  with  the  Illinois  Central,  be- 
ing also  one  of  the  strongest  forces  in  the  development  of  that  great 
system.  Born  in  the  city  of  New  York  on  the  29th  of  January,  1832, 
Mr.  Ackerman  was  of  old  Knickerbocker  stock,  his  grandfather, 
Abram  Ackerman,  serving  as  captain  of  a  company  in  the  regiment 
known  as  Jersey  Blues,  and  being  with  General  Anthony  Wayne  at 
the  storming  of  Stony  Point.  Lawrence  Ackerman,  his  father,  was 
also  born  in  New  York  City;  resided  there  for  eighty-five  successive 
years,  and  served  in  the  War  of  181 2  as  a  lieutenant  of  artillery,  hav- 
ing at  one  time  command  of  the  troops  stationed  on  Bedloe's  Island. 
W.  K.  Ackerman  received  his  education  in  the  eastern  metropolis. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  555 

and  after  engaging  there  in  business  for  several  years  entered  the 
service  of  the  Ilhnois  Central  Railroad  Company  in  May,  1852,  as 
a  clerk  in  the  financial  department  of  that  corporation  in  New  York. 
The  land  grant  had  just  been  obtained  from  the  Illinois  legislature  to 
assist  in  the  building  of  the  road,  and  within  the  succeeding  eight 
years  the  trunk  line,  with  various  branches,  was  completed  to  Mem- 
phis and  New  Orleans  through  central  Illinois.  This  period  of  Mr. 
Ackerman's  career  was  spent  in  New  York  at  the  financial  headquar- 
ters of  the  road,  of  which  he  had  already  advanced  to  the  secretary- 
ship. 

With  the  main  line  of  the  Illinois  Central  in  working  order,  Mr. 
Ackerman  was  dispatched  to  the  immediate  territory  of  its  operations 
which  centered  in  Chicago.  He  took  up  his  residence  in  this  city  on 
the  loth  of  September,  i860,  and  at  once  assumed  the  duties  of  the 
local  treasurership,  becoming  treasurer  of  the  entire  corporation  in 
April,  1870.  In  1872  he  was  elected  a  director  of  the  company;  was 
appointed  general  auditor  in  1875,  in  which  position  he  introduced 
an  entirely  new  system  of  accounts;  became  vice  president  in  1876 
and  was  elected  to  the  presidency  in  October,  1877.  He  filled  that 
office  until  August,  1883,  when  he  returned  to  the  vice  presidency 
which  he  retained  until  his  retirement  from  the  road,  January  i,  1884. 
During  his  thirty-two  years  of  connection  with  the  company,  as  much 
as  any  other  man,  he  brought  its  affairs  into  admirable  system  and 
smooth  working  order,  and  it  was  also  largely  owing  to  him  that  the 
admirable  suburban  system  of  the  road  was  introduced.  He  afterward 
became  connected  with  the  western  management  of  the  Baltimore  & 
Ohio  road;  made  a  fine  record  as  comptroller  of  the  vast  and  intricate 
finances  of  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition ;  afterward  contributed 
of  his  wide  experience  and  practical  wisdom  in  the  organization  of 
the  Civil  Service  Commission  of  Chicago,  and  at  his  death,  Febru- 
ary 7,  1905,  was  generally  estimated  as  a  faithful  worker  in  a  vigor- 
ous community,  who,  without  posing  as  one  of  its  strong  characters, 
had  in  reality  accomplished  much  of  supreme  importance. 

Within  the  present  generation  there  has  not  arisen  in  the  west 
a  greater  or  more  brilliant  lawyer  or  a  finer  citizen  than  George  Rec- 

ord   Peck,   general   counsel  of  the  great   Chicago, 
p  "       Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railway  system  since  Sep- 

tember 15,  1895.     For  the  previous  fourteen  years 


556  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

he  had  served  as  general  sohcitor  of  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa 
Fe  Railroad  Company,  and  there  is,  therefore,  no  lawyer  in  the  coun- 
try who  has  taken  more  important  part  in  the  railway  litigation  of 
the  west  than  Mr.  Peck.  He  was  long  at  the  head  of  the  state  bar 
and  the  Republican  party  of  Kansas,  was  offered  the  United  States 
senatorship,  and  was  for  years  one  of  the  leading  public  men  m  that 
section  of  the  country.  Besides  noteworthy  powers  of  both  a  pro- 
fessional and  public  nature,  Mr.  Peck  is  a  deep  scholar  and  has  been 
honored  with  various  degrees  from  leading  colleges,  while  as  a  pol- 
ished and  eloquent  orator  on  national  and  general  subjects  he  has 
few  equals. 

Mr.  Peck's  birthplace  was  near  Cameron,  Steuben  county,  New 
York,  and  the  day  of  his  nativity  May  15,  1843.  He  is  the  son  of 
Joel  M.  and  Amanda  (Purdy)  Peck,  and  when  he  was  six  years  of 
age  his  parents  brought  him  to  the  new  family  farm  in  Wisconsin. 
He  spent  the  earlier  period  of  his  life  in  a  western  clearing,  which 
he  himself  helped  to  make,  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  with  only  a 
common-school  education,  he  abandoned  farm  work  to  become  a 
school  teacher  that  he  might  assist  his  father  in  the  difficult  task  of 
lifting  a  mortgage  from  the  old  homestead.  At  the  age  of  nineteen 
he  enlisted  for  service  in  the  Union  army,  joining  the  First  Heavy 
Artillery  of  Wisconsin  and  being  subsequently  transferred  to  the 
Thirty-first  Wisconsin  Infantry,  with  the  latter  command  participat- 
ing in  Sherman's  historic  march  to  the  sea  and  his  later  operations 
northward.  During-  the  three  years  of  his  service  his  faithfulness, 
intelligence  and  bravery  had  advanced  him  from  the  ranks  to  the 
grade  of  captain,  in  which  position  he  was  honorably  mustered  out 
of  the  service  at  the  age  of  twenty-two. 

Captain  Peck  immediately  returned  to  Wisconsin  to  prepare  for 
the  profession  which  he  had  chosen,  and  spent  six  years  in  Janes- 
ville  as  law  student,  circuit  court  clerk  and  general  practitioner.  De- 
siring to  test  the  country  further  west  as  a  professional  field,  he  re- 
moved to  Independence,  Kansas,  where,  from  1871  to  1874,  he  prac- 
ticed with  signal  success.  In  the  latter  year  he  was  appointed  by 
President  Grant  to  the  office  of  United  States  district  attorney  of 
Kansas,  and  with  the  assumption  of  his  duties,  removed  to  Topeka, 
the  state  capital.  There,  for  nineteen  years,  he  won  ever-increasing 
distinction  as  a  lawyer,  man  of  letters,  influential  citizen  and  public 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  557 

character.  It  was  during-  this  period  (1887)  that  the  University  of 
Kansas,  in  recognition  of  his  great  abihty,  conferred  upon  him  the 
degree  of  LL.  D.  Within  a  month  after  his  appointment  as  United 
States  attorney  he  was  directed  by  the  attorney-general  of  the  United 
States  to  bring  suit  involving  a  title  to  nine  hundred  and  sixty  thous- 
and acres  of  land.  The  promptness  and  ability  with  which  he  brought 
this  suit  and  other  cases  to  a  successful  issue  soon  marked  him  as 
one  of  the  leaders  of  the  western  bar,  bringing  him  such  inducements 
to  resume  private  practice  that,  in  1879,  ^^^  resigned  his  government 
position.  After  two  years  of  lucrative  independent  practice,  the  At- 
chison, Topeka  &  Santa  Fe  Railroad  Company  elected  him  its  gen- 
eral solicitor,  and  from  that  time  until  1895  that  large  and  constant- 
ly-growing system  of  railroads  was  developed  under  his  legal  coun- 
sel and  direction. 

Mr.  Peck's  wide  and  strong  influence  in  Kansas  politics  was  early 
recognized,  and  during  the  last  ten  years  of  his  residence  in  Topeka 
his  leadership  of  the  Republican  party  was  unquestioned.  Upon  the 
death  of  Senator  Plumb,  in  1892,  Governor  Humphrey  offered  the 
vacant  seat  in  the  United  States  senate  to  Mr.  Peck,  who,  on  account 
of  the  magnitude  and  pressing  nature  of  his  railroad  duties,  declined 
the  high  honor.  In  the  early  months  of  1893,  when  the  political 
imbroglio  of  the  Lewelling  administration  had  assumed  such  an 
alarming  aspect,  it  was  George  R.  Peck,  according  to  the  verdict  of 
both  parties,  who,  by  force  of  his  wisdom  and  will  and  the  inexplic- 
able influences  of  a  fine  character,  averted  the  threatened  anarchy  and 
bloodshed. 

In  Kansas,  as  well  as  in  Illinois,  he  might  have  attained  eminence 
in  politics  and  statesmanship,  but  there,  as  here,  he  has  always  de- 
clined those  public  honors  which  were  not  in  line  with  his  profession; 
and  it  is  as  a  great  railroad  lawyer  that  his  name  is  most  prominently 
associated.  Further  notice  of  his  triumphs  in  his  chosen  field  is, 
therefore,  here  taken.  In  1891,  when  the  Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa 
Fe  Railroad  secured  control  of  the  St.  Louis  &  San  Francisco  Rail- 
road, one  of  the  stockholders  of  the  latter  sought  to  enjoin  the  sale 
on  the  ground  that  the  two  roads  were  parallel  and  competing.  The 
case  was  bitterly  contested  in  the  circuit  and  supreme  courts  of  the 
United  States,  and  Mr.  Peck's  successful  management  of  this  litiga- 
tion  in   which  an   important   extension   of   the   Atchison,   Topeka   & 


558  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Santa  Fe  System  was  involved,  gave  him  a  place  among  the  first 
railroad  lawyers  of  the  country.  When  in  December,  1893,  the 
Atchison  system  went  into  the  hands  of  a  receiver  and  the  problem  of 
its  reorganization  was  pressing  upon  the  holders  of  its  almost  worth- 
less securities,  the  direction  of  the  momentous  legal  proceedings  de- 
volved upon  Mr.  Peck.  Within  two  years  the  mortgages  had  been 
foreclosed,  the  property  sold,  a  working  plan  of  reorganization  ef- 
fected and  the  great  railroad  system  preserved  unbroken.  Such  a 
feat  of  both  rapid  and  efficient  reorganization  of  so  large  a  railroad 
property  is  unparalleled,  but  it  was  not  until  its  accomplishment  that 
Mr.  Peck  resigned  the  of^ce  which  had  involved  so  many  anxieties 
and  heavy  responsibilities. 

In  September,  1895,  Mr.  Peck  resigned  as  general  solicitor  of  the 
Atchison,  Topeka  &  Santa  Fe  system  to  become  general  counsel  of 
the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul  Railroad  Company,  but  the  judge 
of  the  United  States  circuit  court  at  Topeka  asked  that  he  still  give 
the  Atchison  reorganization  committee  the  benefit  of  his  counsel  until 
the  reorganization  should  be  completed  in  all  its  details.  Since  his 
removal  to  Chicago  he  has  not  only  borne  the  weighty  responsibilities 
of  his  railroad  connections,  but  has  been  privately  associated  with 
John  S.  Miller  and  Merritt  Starr,  in  the  law  firm  of  Peck,  Miller  and 
Starr,  chiefly  engaged  in  the  practice  of  corporation  law. 

Mr.  Peck  has  a  national  reputation  as  a  polished,  scholarly  and 
eloquent  orator,  and  upon  numerous  public  occasions  has  delivered 
addresses  which  have  attracted  wide-spread  notice.  Since  coming  to 
Chicago  various  institutions  of  learning  have  conferred  upon  him 
honorary  degrees  in  recognition  of  his  standing  as  a  lawyer  and  man 
of  letters,  including  LL.  D.  from  Union  College,  New  York  (1896), 
LL.  D.,  Bethany  College  and  A.  M.,  Milton  College  (1902).  Among 
the  many  notable  addresses  which  have  brought  him  high  standing 
as  an  orator  may  be  mentioned :  That  on  General  George  H.  Thomas 
before  the  Loyal  Legion  of  the  United  States,  at  Indianapolis;  re- 
sponse on  Abraham  Lincoln  at  the  banquet  of  the  Marquette  Club, 
Chicago;  address  on  the  Puritans  before  the  Ethical  Society  of  Mil- 
waukee ;  oration  on  the  Worth  of  a  Sentiment,  before  the  Wasliington 
and  Jefiferson  Societies  of  the  University  of  Virginia;  The  Ethical 
Basis  of  American  Patriotism,  before  the  graduating  class  of  Union 
College,  New  York;  oration  at  the  unveiling  of  the  Logan  statue  on 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  559 

the  lake  front,  Chicago,  and  that  on  Washington  before  the  students 
of  the  University  of  Chicago.  A  mere  mention  of  such  titles  as  the 
above  indicates  in  some  measure  the  scope  of  Mr.  Peck's  mentality. 
Companionable,  warm-hearted  and  generous,  admiration  of  his  mas- 
terful abilities  is  often  forgotten  in  the  warmer  admiration  of  the 
man. 

Mr.  Peck's  married  life  covered  a  harmonious  and  happy  period 
of  thirty  years.  His  wife,  to  whom  he  was  united  in  1866,  was  for- 
merly Miss  Arabella  Burdick,  his  marriage  occurring  during  the 
commencement  of  his  legal  career  in  Janesville,  Wisconsin.  Four 
children  were  born  to  them — Mary  E.,  Isabelle,  Charles  B.  and  Ethel. 
Mrs.  Peck's  death  occurred  March  5,  1896. 

Alexander  Hamilton  Revell  is  a  typical  Chicago  man,  born  here 
on  the  6th  of  January,  1858,  prominent  in  business  as  a  young  man, 

and  of  more  recent  years  a  leader  in  movements 
^  ■   beneficial  to  the  material  and  moral  uplifting  of  the 

community.  As  far  as  his  education  is  concerned, 
he  is  also  a  product  of  the  public  schools.  Starting  his  business 
chiefly  as  a  furniture  store  quite  removed  from  the  retail  district  of 
the  city,  by  untiring  energy  and  remarkable  initiative  he  developed  a 
trade  which  enabled  him  to  erect  a  magnificent  structure  on  Wabash 
avenue  in  which  he  installed  a  complete  line  of  house  furnishings, 
and  placed  himself  with  the  foremost  merchants  of  the  northwest. 

Alexander  H.  Revell  &  Company  was  incorporated,  and  since 
that  time  Mr.  Revell  has  remained  its  president.  At  the  time  of  the 
inception  and  progress  of  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  his  ex- 
ecutive ability,  sound  counsel  and  persuasive  powers  were  greatly 
relied  on — first,  to  locate  the  fair  in  Chicago,  and,  secondly,  to  assist 
in  pushing  the  great  movement  along  to  its  triumphant  conclusion. 
He  has  also  served  for  years  as  director  in  the  National  Business 
League.  Manufacturers'  Bank  and  Central  Trust  Company  of  Illinois. 
The  scope  of  his  activities  and  variety  of  his  mental  traits  is  indi- 
cated, furthermore,  in  his  identification  as  director  with  the  LaFay- 
ette  Memorial  Commission  and  Chicago  Musical  College,  and  as 
trustee  with  the  Northwestern  University  and  the  McKinley  National 
Monument  Association.  In  the  many  social  and  political  clubs  in 
which  he  has  membership  he  has  played  a  leading  part,  having  served 
as  president  of  the  Union  League  and  Marquette  clubs  and  the  Chi- 


56o  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

cago  Athletic  Association,  and  as  vice  president  of  the  Merchants' 
and  Hamilton  clubs.  Both  as  to  substantial  support  and  brains,  Mr. 
Revell  is  one  of  the  mainstays  of  the  Republican  party  of  Illinois  and 
the  northwest,,  and  has  always  warmly  accorded  to  Chicago  the  same 
stanch  support  which  its  people  have  given  him  as  an  honorable 
and  successful  merchant  and  an  eminently  useful  citizen. 

One  of  the  most  forceful  citizens  of  Chicago,  John  Maynard  Har- 
lan, has  always  used  his  fine  legal  talents  in  the  furtherance  of  what 

he  has  conceived  to  be  for  the  best  interests  of  the 

i-,  '         city,  merging  the  two  characters  of  citizen  and  law- 

Harlan.  ^    .  T .   , 

yer  nito  a  high  personal  combmation  which,  de- 
spite differences  of  intellectual  opinion,  has  been  generally  recognized 
as  an  example  well  worthy  of  emulation.  In  whatever  movement  Mr. 
Harlan  has  participated  he  has  stimulated  discussion  and  often  bit- 
ter opposition,  which,  besides  being  a  proof  of  his  forceful  personal- 
ity has,  like  the  raging  of  an  electric  storm,  resulted  in  the  clarifica- 
tion of  the  atmosphere  and  redounded  to  the  general  good. 

Mr.  Harlan  is  a  native  of  Frankfort,  Kentucky,  son  of  John  Mar- 
shall and  Malvina  F.  (Shankline)  Harlan,  and  was  born  on  the  21st 
of  December,  1864.  For  years  his  father  has  stood  as  one  of  the 
most  eminent  attorneys  and  jurists  of  the  country,  having  been  an 
associate  justice  of  the  United  States  supreme  court  since  1877.  J^^^" 
tice  Harlan  was  born  in  Boyle  county,  Kentucky,  June  i,  1833;  grad- 
uated from  the  law  department  of  the  Transylvania  University  m 
1853,  ^^<^  '^bly  served  as  attorney-general  of  Kentucky  from  1863  to 
1867.  This  period  covered  the  most  troublous  times  of  the  Civil  war, 
during  which  critical  period  in  Unionism  the  elder  Harlan  proved  his 
stanch  loyalty  to  the  Federal  cause. 

John  Maynard  Harlan  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Louisville,  Kentucky,  later  attending  various  private  estab- 
lishments of  that  city,  and,  after  his  father  ascended  the  supreme  bench 
cornpleting  his  ante-collegiate  training  in  Washington,  District  of 
Columbia.  In  1880  he  entered  Princeton  University,  from  which  he 
graduated  four  years  later  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  Returning  to 
Washington  1ie  pursued  a  thorough  professional  course  in  the  Colum- 
bian University  Law  School,  obtaining  his  LL.  B.  with  ihe  class  of 
1888. 

Immediately  after  graduating  in  law  Mr.  Harlan  located  in  Chi- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  561 

cago  and  entered  the  office  of  Smith  and  Pence,  forming  a  partner- 
ship with  the  senior  member  (G.  W.  Smith)  in  1890.  This  connec- 
tion continued  for  two  years,  and  from  1892  to  1898  he  practiced 
alone.  The  five  years  from  1898  to  1903  were  spent  in  active  and 
prominent  practice  in  association  with  Henry  M.  Bates,  as  senior 
member  of  the  firm  of  Harlan  and  Bates,  the  partnership  being  then 
dissolved  by  the  election  of  Mr.  Bates  to  a  chair  in  the  law  school  of 
the  University  of  Michigan.  In  1904  Mr.  Harlan  joined  his  brother, 
James  S.  Harlan,  in  the  formation  of  the  firm  of  Harlan  and  Harlan, 
a  partnership  which  has  since  been  dissolved. 

During  Mr.  Harlan's  active  and  honorable  professional  career  of 
nearly  twenty  years,  politics  and  public  affairs  have  occupied  a  large 
share  of  his  attention,  although  his  official  service  has  been  confined  to 
1896-98,  when  he  was  alderman  from  the  old  Twenty-second  ward. 
He  was  the  Republican  candidate  for  mayor  in  1897  and  1905,  but 
was  too  outspoken  in  his  words  and  too  independent  in  his  actions  to 
secure  the  necessary  majorities.  In  fact,  his  friends  and  admirers 
have  always  insisted  that  he  is  too  much  of  a  man  to  make  a  success- 
ful politician. 

At  Yonkers,  New  York,  on  the  21st  of  October,  1890,  Mr,  Har- 
lan was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Elizabeth  P.  Flagg,  and  the  chil- 
dren born  to  them  have  been  as  follows :  Elizabeth  P.,  John  Mar- 
shall and  Janet.  In  religious  views  Mr.  Harlan  is  a  Presbyterian. 
He  is  sociable  and  popular,  being  identified  with  the  University,  Chi- 
cago, Chicago  Athletic,  Marquette,  Hamilton,  Saddle  and  Cycle  and 
Chicago  Golf  clubs. 

Hon.  Solomon  Hicks  Bethea,  judge  of  the  United  States  district 

court,  and  widely  known  in  public  affairs,  both  of  a  legal  and  civic 

nature,  is  a  native  of  Lee  county,  Illinois.     He  is 

T-,  ■      a  son  of  William  T.  and  Emily   (Green)    Bethea, 

Bethea.  ,     ,     •      ,  ,  •         ,       ,        -  tn-  m- 

and  obtamed  his  early  education  at  Dixon,  Illinois, 

to  which  place  his  parents  removed  in  his  childhood.     After  passing 

through  the  public  schools  of  that  city,  he  entered  the  high  school  at 

Ann  Arbor,  Michigan,  preparatory  to  pursuing  a  literary  course  in 

the  University  of  Michigan. 

After  being  a  student  in  the  literary  department  of  the  Michigan 

state  university  for  some  time.  Judge  Bethea  commenced  his  legal 

studies  in  the  office  of  Eustace,  Barge  and  Dixon,  at  Dixon,  Illinois. 

Vol.   II— 5 


562  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  after  his  admission  to  the  IlHnois  bar,  became  a  partner  of  Hon. 
John  V.  Eustace,  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  with  whom  he  re- 
ceived his  tutelage.  Subsequently  he  attained  high  rank  as  a  conserv- 
ative Republican  leader,  was  elected  mayor  of  Dixon  for  one  term 
and  creditably  served  as  a  member  of  the  Illinois  legislature  in  1882- 
83.  Progressing  with  equal  certitude  in  the  field  of  his  profession, 
in  1899  he  was  appointed  United  States  district  attorney  for  the 
northern  district  of  Illinois,  and  held  the  office  with  the  ability  pre- 
saged from  his  past  record  for  a  period  of  six  years.  In  March, 
1905,  he  was  honored  by  -his  elevation  to  the  bench  of  the  district 
which  he  had  served  so  well  as  attorney. 

Hon^  Edward  F.  Dunne,  former  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of 
Cook  county  and  mayor  of  the  city  of  Chicago,  one  of  the  most  prom- 

inent  Democrats  in  the  state,  is  a  native  of  Water- 

„  ■       ville,   Connecticut,   born  on  the    12th  of   October, 

Dunne 

1853.     He  is  a  son  of  P.  W.  and  Delia  M.   (Law- 

ler)  Dunne,  being  of  Irish  parentage  and,  after  graduating  from  the 
Peoria  (Illinois)  high  school  in  1870,  pursued  a  three-years'  course 
in  Trinity  College,  Dublin  University.  Because  of  his  father's  fail- 
ure in  business,  he  was  obliged  to  leave  college  before  graduation, 
and,  coming  to  Chicago,  eventually  entered  the  Union  College  of 
Law,  from  which  he  obtained  his  professional  degree  in  1877,  with 
a  later  honorary  degree  of  LL.  D.   from  St.  Ignatius  College. 

Upon  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  1877  he  engaged  in  practice  m 
Chicago  and  successfully  covered  the  general  field  of  professional 
work  until  he  was  elevated  to  the  bench  of  the  Circuit  court  in  De- 
cember, 1892.  He  was  twice  re-elected,  and  made  such  a  record  for 
substantial  and  conservative  ability,  as  well  as  for  executive  force, 
that  the  Democrats  nominated  him  for  mayor  in  the  spring  cam- 
paign of  1905.  -  He  was  elected  by  a  decisive  majority  over  John  M. 
Harlan,  the  Republican  candidate,  resigning  his  judicial  office  to  ac- 
cept the  mayoralty.  He  had  previously  (1900)  been  honored  by  se- 
lection as  a  presidential  elector  on  his  party  ticket,  had  been  twice 
president  of  the  Iroquois,  the  leading  Democratic  club  in  Chicago, 
and  was  in  every  way  esteemed  a  strong  factor  in  the  best  standing 
and  progress  of  Democracy.  His  administration  of  municipal  affairs 
met  with  expected  criticism  from  political  opponents,  but  he  left  the 
office  with  a  character  strengthened  in  the  estimation  of  the  general 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTV  563 

public  because  of  the  obvious  honesty  of  his  intentions  and  the  patient 
wisdom  with  which  he  met  many  trying  situations. 

On  August  16,  1 88 1,  Mr.  Dunne  married  Miss  Ehzabeth  J.  Kelly, 
and  their  children  are  as  follows:  Edward  P.  (deceased).  Gerald 
(deceased),  Charles  S.  (deceased),  and  Edward  F.,  Jr.,  Richard. 
Eileen,  Mona,  Maurice,  Dorothy,  Jerome,  Geraldine,  Jeannette  and 
Eugene.  The  pleasant  family  residence  is  at  3127  Beacon  street,  and 
the  domestic  life  which  centers  in  the  home  is  ideal.  As  a  public  char- 
acter he  is  necessarily  somewhat  identified  with  general  social  life, 
having  been  twice  president  of  the  Monticello  Club,  as  well  as  of  the 
Iroquois;  is  a  member  of  the  Iroquois,  Jefferson,  Illinois  Athletic, 
Westward  Ho  Golf  and  Ravenswood  clubs.  Even  before  his  eleva- 
tion to  the  mayoralty,  he  was  considered  a  leading  authority  on  mu- 
nicipal matters,  having  served  for  some  time  as  vice  president  of  the 
National  Civic  Federation. 

The  professional  intimates  of  the  late  William  C.  Goudy  unhesi- 
tatingly place  him  among  the  most  able  general  practitioners  who 

ever  graced  the  Chicago  bar,  as  he  was  perfectly  at 

„  ■      home  in  every  department,  whether  civil  or  crimi- 

GOUDY.  ,  ,  ,  , 

nal,  common  law  or  chancery,  real  estate  or  cor- 
poration law.  Because  of  this  breadth  of  eminence  he  earned  a  firm 
place  as  one  of  the  great  lawyers  of  the  state,  who,  in  many  respects, 
had  no  superior.  Throughout  his  life  he  was  an  associate  of  great 
lawyers  and  great  statesmen,  and  barely  missed  the  distinction  of  be- 
ing classed  with  the  latter.  He  was  one  of  the  ideal  gentlemen  in 
public  life — a  man  of  remarkable  strength,  and  of  unassuming 
courtesy  and  tenderness. 

Mr.  Goudy  was  of  composite  British  stock,  having  English,  Scotch 
and  Irish  blood  in  his  physical  and  mental  constitution.  He  was  born 
in  Indiana  on  the  15th  of  May.  1824.  his  mother,  Jane  Ainsworth,  be- 
ing a  Pennsylvanian  of  English  descent.  His  father,  who  sprang, 
from  old  hardy  Scotch-Irish  ancestry,  was  born  in  Ireland.  Others 
of  the  family  resided  in  Scotland,  where  they  were  known  as  Goudies. 
Mr.  Goudy's  father  was  bred  to  the  trade  of  a  carpenter,  but  aspiring 
to  something  more  intellectual  engaged  in  the  printing  and  IxH)k- 
binding  business,  and  in  1833  removed  to  Jacksonville,  Illinois,  where 
he  began  the  publication  of  Goudy's  Farmers'  Almanac,  the  first 
magazine  of  the  kind  to  be  published  in  the  northwest.    It  was  founded 


564  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

on  the  plan  of  Greeley's  famous  almanac,  and  achieved  similar  popu- 
larity among  the  western  farmers.  In  1834,  in  company  with  Samuel 
S.  Brooks,  he  undertook  the  publication  of  a  Democratic  paper  at 
Jacksonville,  their  journal  having  the  honor  of  bringing  before  the 
public  the  genius  of  Stephen  A.  Douglas. 

Endowed  with  an  active  and  strong  mentality,  and  brought  up 
amid  such  surroundings,  it  would  have  seemed  natural  for  William 
C.  Goudy  to  have  adopted  journalism  as  a  profession;  but,  despite 
the  undoubted  allurements  of  such  a  career,  the  uncertainties  were 
too  great  to  be  ignored  and  he  therefore  commenced  his  preparation 
for  the  more  exact,  sharply  defined  and  altogether  more  promising 
profession  of  the  law.  Upon  his  graduation  from  Illinois  College,  at 
Jacksonville,  Illinois,  in  1845,  ^^  received  the  regular  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Arts,  that  institution  subsequently  conferring  upon  him 
the  degrees  of  Master  of  Arts  and  Doctor  of  Arts.  He  then  taught 
school  at  Decatur,  Illinois,  at  the  same  time  commencing  his  studies 
in  the  law,  his  more  advanced  studies  being  pursued  in  the  office  of 
Judge  Stephen  T.  Logan,  for  many  years  a  partner  of  Abraham  Lin- 
coln. Having  removed  to  Lewiston,  Mr.  Goudy  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  1847,  ^^id  in  partnership  with  Hon.  Hezekiah  M.  Wead  at  once 
entered  into  lucrative  practice  and  professional  prominence.  He  also 
became  a  leader  in  the  Democratic  party,  and  in  1853  was  elected 
state's  attorney  of  the  Tenth  judicial  circuit.  This  position  he  re- 
signed in  two  years,  and  in  1856  was  elected  state  senator  for  the 
district  comprising  Fulton  and  McDonough  counties,  during  the  lat- 
ter period  of  his  public  service  occurring  the  memorable  debates  be- 
tween Lincoln  and  Douglas.  The  young  legislator  was  himself  a 
stirring  and  leading  participant  in  that  historic  campaign,  as  well  as 
in  all  the  political  contests  of  the  years  which  preceded  the  final  rup- 
ture between  the  north  and  the  south,  being  associated  with  such 
patriots  as  Judge  Gillespie,  Norman  B.  Judd,  Samuel  W.  Fuller  and 
Governor  Palmer.  Still,  amid  the  fierce  contentions  of  politics  which 
absorbed  the  strongest  and  best  men  of  the  country,  Mr.  Goudy  faith- 
fully performed  the  arduous  duties  of  his  regular  profession,  press- 
ing his  varied  suits  with  ardor,  ability  and  success  in  many  of  the 
county  courts  and  the  supreme  court  of  the  state. 

Mr.  Goudy  removed  to  Chicago  in   1859,  at  first  giving  special 
attention  to  real  estate  law,  in  which  he  was  recognized  as  one  of  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  565 

highest  authorities  in  the  country.  There  were  few  fields,  however, 
in  which  he  did  not  estabHsh  a  high  reputation.  In  the  early  nineties 
he  became  prominent  in  the  litigation  which  grew  out  of  the  enforce- 
ment of  the  various  prohibition  laws  of  the  state  of  Iowa.  He  also 
arg-ued  the  famous  Munn  case,  by  which  was  established  the  power 
of  the  states  to  fix  the  maximum  rates  to  be  charged  by  warehouses, 
railways,  persons  or  corporations  engaged  in  any  pursuit  which  effects 
the  public  interests.  Another  instance  in  which  Mr.  Goudy  did  effec- 
tive service  was  in  the  railroad  cases  of  Minnesota,  which  resulted  in 
the  annulment  of  the  Minnesota  statute  authorizing  the  fixing  of  rail- 
road rates  by  the  state  commission.  It  is  impossible  to  go  further  into 
details  as  to  special  cases;  but  some  idea  of  the  magnitude  of  the 
work  accomplished  by  Mr.  Goudy  may  be  obtained  by  a  cursory  ex- 
amination of  the  reports  of  the  supreme  court  of  Illinois,  in  every 
volume  of  which  for  the  thirty-five  years  preceding  his  death  appear 
cases  argued  by  him.  He  continually  appeared  in  the  higher  courts 
of  nearly  every  state  throughout  the  west,  and  in  the  supreme  court 
of  the  United  States  was  the  leading  counsel  in  many  important  cases. 
During  the  last  years  of  his  life  he  was  general  counsel  for  the  Chi- 
cago &  North- Western  Railway  Company,  and  their  legal  affairs 
were  never  conducted  with  greater  judicial  wisdom  or  more  practical 
success  than  when  entrusted  to  him. 

Commencing  with  the  casting  of  his  first  vote  for  Lewis  Cass  in 
1848.  Mr.  Goudy  was  a  firm  supporter  of  Democracy  throughout  his 
Hfe.  A  striking  evidence  of  the  honor  which  his  services  and  charac- 
ter had  inspired  was  furnished  at  the  death  of  his  great  friend  and 
co-worker,  Stephen  A.  Douglas,  as  a  large  and  influential  portion  of 
the  Democracy  of  Illinois  supported  him  then  for  the  United  States 
senatorship.  Although  the  honor  was  finally  awarded  to  another, 
the  fact  is  illustrative  of  the  height  of  his  standing  as  a  public  man. 
Married  to  Miss  Helen  Judd,  in  1849,  Mr.  Goudy  led  with  her  an 
extremely  happy  life,  their  family  of  a  daughter  and  a  son  adding  to 
their  long  domestic  felicity.  They  survived  him  at  his  death  in  1893, 
and,  while  taking  an  alleviating  pride  in  his  great  strength  and  use- 
fulness as  an  eminent  professional  and  public  character,  could  not  but 
feel  a  poignant  grief  for  so  thoughtful  and  tender  a  husband  and 
father 


566  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

On  the  loth  of  June,  1906,  after  a  brief  illness,  Judge  George  W. 
Brown,  former  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  Du  Page  county,  Illinois, 

departed  an  eminently  useful  and  warm-hearted  life 
-p  *      at  the  Briggs  House,  his  temporary  residence  in  the 

.    '  city  of  Chicago.     At  the  time  of  his  death  he  had 

been  for  two  years  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Knight  and  Brown, 
of  that  city,  and  his  long  residence  at  Wheaton,  with  his  not  infre- 
quent judicial  sittings  in  Chicago,  had  already  bi^ought  him  so  close 
to  the  bench  and  bar  of  the  metropolis  that  the  fraternity  had  consid- 
ered him  one  of  their  valued  and  beloved  members  for  many  years. 
The  news  of  his  death,  therefore,  in  the  very  prime  of  his  fiftieth, 
year,  and  in  the  mature  stalwartness  of  his_vigorous  mind  and  great 
heart,  came  to  them  as  a  most  sudden  and  deep  shock,  and,  from  the 
human  standpoint,  a  deplorable  act  of  providence. 

George  W.  Brown  was  born  in  Du  Page. county,  Illinois,  on  the 
17th  of  May,  1857,  the  precise  locality  of  his  birth  being  known  as 
Big  Woods.  He  was  the  son  of  James  and  Rosanna  Brown,  and  at 
the  age  of  four  years  his  parents  removed  to  Wheaton,  his  native 
county,  which  remained  his  home  until  the  time  of  his  death.  He 
there  received  a  good  common  school  education,  but  not  satisfied  with 
this  entered  Wheaton  College  and  subsequently  Northwestern  Col- 
lege at  Naperville,  Illinois.  After  leaving  college  he  taught  school 
for  a  while,  but  however  ennobling  that  profession  he  was  too  eager 
to  find  a  career  which  brought  him  among  men  and  their  activities 
to  be  long  content  as  a  teacher.  He  found  that  vocation  in  the  law, 
and  commenced  his  studies  in  the  office  of  Hoyne,  Horton  and  Hoyne, 
Chicago,  completing  them,  prior  to  entering  practice,  at  the  Union 
College  of  Law,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1883.  Speaking  to  the 
letter.  Judge  Brown's  law  studies  were  never  completed,  for  even  as 
a  member  of  the  bench  he  was  still  a  student. 

Immediately  upon  graduation  from  Union  College  of  Law  Judge 
Brown  entered  practice  at  Wheaton,  and  commenced  his  career  under 
very  favorable  auspices,  since  the  bar  of  that  city  then  numbered  some 
of  the  keenest  and  most  able  lawyers  to  be  found  in  the  state.  The 
Du  Page  county  bar  was  at  that  time  an  exceptionally  strong  one, 
with  Elbert  H.  Gary  as  its  acknowledged  leader,  "It  was  this  stern 
school  of  experience,"  says  the  memorial  committee  in  its  address  to 
the  Du  Page  circuit  bench,  "that  the  young  advocate  won  his  spurs. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  567 

and  in  the  keen  thrust  and  parry  of  master  minds  acquired  that  skill 
and  adroitness  which  so  strongly  marked  him  in  later  life.  Judge 
Brown  never  forgot  that  it  was  to  Du  Page  county  he  owed  his  large 
opportunity  to  rise  in  the  profession,  and  his  loyalty  and  appreciation 
never  ceased  to  go  out  to  the  home  of  his  youth  and  manhood.  *  *  * 
Among  the  profession  he  was  perhaps  best  known  as  a  great  trial 
lawyer.  His  hard-headed  common  sense,  his  keen  insight  into  human 
nature  and  his  personal  charm  and  magnetism  seemed  to  bring  him 
into  immediate  and  close  touch  with  a  jury,  so  that  every  man  in  the 
panel  felt  that  here  was  a  man  without  mysticism  or  obscurity,  who 
was  trying  to  work  out  with  them  the  problem  in  hand  and  who 
wanted  to  put  its  technical  and  abstruse  phrases  into  terms  which  the 
ordinary  man  could  understand  and  decide  upon  intelligently.  His 
unfailing  fund  of  humor  and  his  ready  wit  were  of  the  utmost  value 
to  him  in  this  aspect  of  his  work.  He  could  put  a  terrified  witness, 
or  an  awkward  and  embarrassed  juror,  at  his  ease  immediately,  and 
relieve  a  strained  situation  by  creating  a  gale  of  laughter,  which  would 
sweep  away  suspicion  and  prejudice  from  the  minds  of  judge  and 
jury  and  unconsciously  predispose  them  toward  giving  him  a  fair  and 
kindly  hearing.  *  *  *  He  was  absolutely  at  home  in  the  court 
room  and  familiar  with  its  every  detail.  He  had  at  his  fingers'  tips 
every  intricacy  of  practice  and  was  never  at  a  loss  what  to  do.  While 
open  and  above  board  himself,  he  knew  how  to  meet  trickery,  and  his 
faculty  of  anticipating  and  forestalling  a  move  of  his  opponent  was 
little  short  of  marvelous.  He  was  a  master  of  cross-examination, 
holding  his  case  well  in  hand  at  all  times  and  driving  his  points  home 
with  telling  force." 

After  seven  years  of  active  and  lucrative  practice,  which  earned 
him  a  firm  position  among  the  leaders  of  the  Du  Page  county  bar, 
Judge  Brown's  ability  was  recognized  in  another  field.  In  1890  he 
was  elected  county  judge  and  re-elected  to  the  position  in  1S94.  His 
incumbency  covered  the  hard  times  and  the  business  and  financial 
panics  of  1893-4,  and  he  was  called  upon  to  assist  the  Cook  county 
judiciary  in  the  handling  of  the  abnormal  amount  of  insolvency  busi- 
ness which  poured  into  its  courts.  During  this  period  of  uncertainty 
and  confusion  Judge  Brown  held  his  court  in  Chicago,  and  his  mas- 
terful, straightforward  and  yet  considerate  adjudication  of  the  im- 
portant and  delicate  business  matters  which  came  before  him  stamped 


568  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

him  as  one  of  the  foremost  and  most  popular  judges  in  the  state.  It 
also  introduced  him  in  a  most  favorable  light  to  the  bar  of  Chicago. 
In  1897  he  was  advanced  to  the  bench  of  the  sixteenth  circuit,  in 
which  capacity  he  held  court  regularly  in  Du  Page,  Kane,  De  Kalb 
and  Kendall  counties — which  comprised  his  jurisdiction — frequently 
in  Cook  county,  and  occasionally  in  other  circuits  of  the  state.  In 
1 90 1  he  was  assigned  to  the  appellate  court  for  the  second  district, 
sitting  at  Ottawa  for  four  terms  and  going  thence,  in  April,  1903,  to 
the  third  district  appellate  court  at  Springfield.  He  served  as  presid- 
ing justice  of  both  courts,  and  at  his  resignation  in  February,  1904, 
and  his  re-entrance  into  private  practice,  had  obtained  a  unique  and 
prominent  reputation  for  broad  common  sense,  and  profound  but  un- 
affected knowledge  and  application  of  the  law.  While  on  the  appellate 
bench  he  wrote  ninety-three  opinions,  covering  practically  the  whole 
.field  of  the  court's  jurisdiction,  which  opinions  bear  unmistakable 
evidence  that  they  were  prepared  by  a  careful,  studious  and  thought- 
ful mind.  His  habitual  and  intense  love  of  the  practical  and  unpre- 
tentious, and  his  hatred  of  all  hypocrisy  and  striving  after  effect,  are 
strongly  exemplified  in  these  opinions.  They  are  clear-cut,  direct 
and  to  the  point,  and  free  from  all  useless  verbiage  and  pedantic  show 
of  learning.  He  had  no  desire  to  attempt  to  show  forth  the  volumi- 
nous extent  of  his  reading  and  learning  upon  the  case  in  hand.  It 
was  sufiicient  for  him  to  state  the  law  as  he  conceived  it  to  be,  in 
simple  rugged  English,  referring  to  such,  authorities  as  seemed  neces- 
sary to  support  his  position,  and  having  done  that  to  go  no  further. 
The  distinctive  character  of  the  deceased  both  as  judge  and  man, 
his  broad,  rugged,  warmly  human  traits,  and  the  secret  of  the  unfail- 
ing and  strong  attachment  which  he  inspired  in  all  those  who  came 
within  his  influence,  are  so  clearly  set  forth  in  the  address  previously 
noted  that  we  again  quote :  "It  would  perhaps  be  thought  that  one 
who  was  such  a  success  as  a  trial  lawyer  would  not  possess  in  such 
marked  degree  the  qualities  of  mental  and  moral  steadiness  and 
stamina  which  go  to  make  a  good  judge.  But  such  was  not  the  case. 
His  success  on  the  bench  was  no  less  marked  than  his  success  at  the 
bar.  He  seemed  to  have  an  intuitive  knowledge  of  the  common  law 
and  was  one  of  its  most  intense  admirers.  He  admired  it  because  it 
was  practical,  the  embodiment  of  centuries  of  experience  of  hard- 
headed  Englishmen  and  not  some  fine  spun  theory  from  a  philoso- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  569 

pher's  brain.  The  quality  perhaps  most  dominant  in  him  recognized 
the  same  qiiahty  which  pervades  the  common  law  and  drew  him  to  it, 
the  royal  quality  of  common  sense.  When  to  this  rare  gift  is  added 
an  ever  ready  humor  and  a  kindly  consideration  for  litigants,  lawyers, 
jurors  and  court  officials,  the  reason  for  his  success  on  the  bench  is 
not  difficult  to  see.  Because  of  his  bluff  and  off-hand  manner  of 
speaking  the  opinion  was  somewhat  current  that  Judge  Brown  was 
not  a  deep  and  careful  student.  No  opinion  was  ever  further  from 
the  truth.  Beneath  this  somewhat  off-hand  and  careless  exterior  was 
the  alert,  careful  and  even  plodding  mind  of  the  student.  He  was  a 
hard  worker  and  it  was  an  invariable  habit  of  his  to  go  to  the  bottom 
of  whatever  he  turned  his  mind  to.  He  had  the  most  profound  re- 
spect for  learning  of  all  kinds  and  was  intensely  interested  in  the 
methods  and  results  used  and  attained  in  our  modern  system  of  col- 
legiate and  professional  training. 

"  *  *  *  g^^|.  -^1^2.1  of  the  man?  It  would  be  impossible,  in 
this  short  memorial,  to  give  a  catalogue  of  his  virtues,  even  if  it  were 
so  desired.  He  surely  would  not  wish  it,  for  no  man  ever  lived  who 
disliked  more  to  have  his  good  deeds  or  qualities  catalogued  and  held 
up  to  the  public  gaze.  In  whatever  of  good  or  kindly  service  he  did, 
his  motto  seemed  to  be,  'Let  not  thy  right  hand  know  what  thy  left 
hand  doeth.'  Still  every  man  wishes  to  stand  for  something,  to  leave 
some  strong  characteristic  impression  behind  him  when  he  is  gone, 
and  this  desire  was  surely  strong  in  his  mind  and  heart.  What  does 
the  life  of  George  W.  Brown  stand  for  today?  If  the  Recording 
Angel  were  to  write  but  one  word  after  the  name  of  George  W.  Brown 
it  seems  to  us  that,  blotting  out  everything  else  of  virtue  or  fault,  he 
would  write  this  one  word,  'Optimism !'  Honesty  and  morality  are 
worthy  of  all  praise,  but  humanity  needs  the  helping  hand,  the  cheery 
smile,  the  sympathizing  word,  even  more  than  stern,  uncompromising 
virtue.  Thank  God  for  that  sane  hopefulness  that  looks  the  world 
in  the  face  with  a  smile,  or  better  still  a  laugh,  that  believes  things  are 
getting  better,  and,  if  they  are  not,  is  willing  to  go  down  into  its 
pocket  or  into  its  strength  and  make  them  better.  Such  Optimism 
was  exemplified  by  Judge  Brown  in  the  highest  degree.  If  a  man 
was  down  he  was  willing  to  help  him  up,  and  to  do  it  in  such  a  cheery, 
hearty  way  that  he  had  new  life  put  into  him." 

In  the  nature  of  things,  a  man  endowed  with  so  bright  and  rich  a 


570  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

personality  as  Judge  Brown  would  be  a  leader  in  politics,  and  in  him 

Du  Page  county  acknowledged  an  exemplar  of  the  highest  kind  of 

Republicanism — the  leadership  of  honor,  of  loyalty  to  the  integrity 

of  the  community,  the  state  and  nation,  and  of  sturdy,  aggressive 

American  manhood.     He  led  the  people  because  they  had  confidence 

in  him.     They  had  tried  him  and  knew  him  to  be  safe,  fearless  and 

ever  alert  and  zealous  for  their  interests.     At  the  time  of  his  death 

Judge  Brown  had  large  real  estate  interests  in  Du  Page  county  and 

was  vice-president  of  the  Gary-Wheaton  Bank,  of  Wheaton,  Illinois, 

but  such  facts  as  these  seem  almiost  immaterial  in  consideration  of  the 

legacy  of  goodly  deeds  and  soul-worth  which  he  bequeathed  to  the 

world. 

Occasionally  there  comes  into  the  world  a  modest  but  intensely 

earnest  man  who  wrests  from  his  every-day  and  often  depression 

surroundings  the  victory  of  a  noble  achievement. 

^A  '     ~    Few  institutions  can  be  conceived  more  grim,  for- 

Whitman.  ... 

bidding  and  devoid  of  all  inspiration  for  anythmg 

ideal  or  elevating  than  the  jail  of  a  great  city.  It  is  true  that  tender 
women  and  philanthropists  have  periodically  brought  their  sunshine, 
kind  words  and  good  deeds  to  bear  upon  the  often  hardened  lives  of 
its  inmates;  but  for  the  keeper  of  such  criminals  to  burden  himself 
with  the  moral  responsibility  of  the  criminals  turned  over  to  him,  and 
to  endeavor  to  send  them  to  the  penitentiary,  or  return  them  to  so- 
ciety, as  human  beings  with  softened  natures  and  good  ambitions — 
this  was  an  unheard  of  revelation  in  moral  reform  and  municipal  life 
until  the  coming  of  John  L.  Whitman  as  keeper  of  the  Cook  county 
jail.  In  him  the  old  ideas  of  the  grim,'  unresponsive,  cold  hearted  and 
cold  blooded  jailer  are  revolutionized;  for,  although  he  has  always 
been  a  strict  disciplinarian,  he  has  from  the  first  treated  his  charges 
as  men  and  women  never  beyond  the  pale  of  g^ood  influences,  and 
there  is  no  one  in  Chicago  who  has  so  won  the  unshaken  confidence 
and  affection  of  the  so-called  criminal  classes  as  John  L.  Whitman. 
His  splendid  wife  also  shares  with  him  the  honor  of  making  the  John 
L.  Whitman  Moral  Improvement  Association  of  the  Cook  county 
jail  a  unique  and  far-reaching  influence  for  good,  and  whose  pur- 
poses are  destined  to  be  put  in  operation  by  similar  organizations  else- 
where. 

Mr.  Whitman  is  an  Illinois  man,  his  birthplace  being  Sterling, 


THEN'iWYCRK 

rUBLlC   LIBRARY 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 
riLDE^l  FOUNDATIONS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  571 

and  his  birthday  July  23,  1862.  He  was  the  second  child  and  the 
first  son  in  the  family,  and  was  born  and  reared  in  the  restful  and 
strengthening  shadow  of  a  country  church.  From  early  boyhood  he 
was  vigorous,  healthy  but  markedly  sympathetic,  industrious  and 
eager  for  self-improvement.  The  family  circumstances  were  such  that 
his  schooling  was  rather  desultory,  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen  he  com- 
menced to  walk  an  independent  path  in  life.  At  that  age  he  left  his 
native  town  and  made  his  way  to  Tampico,  some  fifteen  miles  away, 
and  after  working  for  a  time  at  various  employments  saved  enough 
money  to  embark  in  business  as  a  contractor.  The  venture  prospered, 
comparatively  speaking,  he  married  at  the  age  of  eighteen,  and  there- 
after his  wife  became  a  vital,  sympathetic  and  ever-supporting  ele- 
ment in  whatever  phase  of  life  he  entered.  Although  willing,  even 
eager,  to  assume  every  responsibility  which  manifest  duty  placed  upon 
him,  by  the  death  of  his  father,  which  threw  upon  him  the  support  of 
grandparents,  mother,  wife  and  three  younger  brothers — and  all  when 
he  was  but  twenty  years  of  age — a  greater  burden  was  cast  upon  him 
than  his  young  shoulders  could  bear,  and  his  health  becoming  seri- 
ously impaired  it  became  necessary  for  him  to  seek  a  change  of  climate 
and  surroundings. 

Mr.  Whitman's  introduction  to  Chicago,  with  those  depending 
upon  him,  was  as -a  street  railway  conductor;  and  he  was  a  wide- 
awake, polite  and  model  employe.  Holding  this  position  from  April 
15  to  December  i,  1890,  the  active,  out-of-door  work  rapidly  rebuilt 
his  shattered  health.  On  the  latter  day  he  received  the  appointment 
of  guard  at  the  Cook  county  jail,  and  carried  his  manliness  and  his 
kindfiness  to  his  new  post.  His  considerate  treatment  of  prisoners 
and  fellow  guards  was  a  revelation  to  both.  At  first  they  were  in- 
clined to  make  sport  of  it,  but  the  straightforwardness  and  bravery 
of  Guard  Whitman  soon  won  respect,  and  when  it  was  demonstrated 
that  he  had  a  stronger  influence  upon  his  charges  than  those  who  had 
followed  the  old-time  methods  of  invariable  sternness  and  surliness, 
the  jailer  himself  marked  him  for  promotion  and  appointed  him  as  his 
office  assistant  in  the  management  of  the  entire  institution.  There  his 
inborn  nature  of  quiet,  kind  authority  continued  to  assert  itself,  and 
the  jailer  himself  before  long  came  to  realize  that  any  trouble  or  in- 
subordination among  the  prisoners  could  not  be  more  promptly  or 
permanently  quieted  than  by  an  appeal  to  his  assistant. 


572     .  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

John  L.  Whitman  was  placed  at  the  head  of  the  affairs  of  the 
great  Cook  county  jail  on  the  ist  of  May,  1895,  He  at  once  im- 
pressed upon  the  guards  the  necessity  of  implanting  the  idea  in  the 
minds  of  prisoners  that  the  keepers  were  not  their  natural  enemies, 
but  rather  their  friends  called  upon  officially  to  perform  certain  neces- 
sary duties.  He  personally  devised  entertainments  for  the  inmates, 
making  the  national  holidays  occasions  for  special  effort  in  this  direc- 
tion. But  the  culmination  of  his  good  work  was  the  formation,  by 
his  suggestion,  of  the  John  'L.  Whitman  Moral  Improvement  Asso- 
ciation. It  is  an  organization  of  the  prisoners  themselves,  each  tier 
in  the  jail  electing  a  special  representative.  The  association  was 
formed  in  the  spring  of  1901,  its  proceedings  being  at  all  times  sub- 
ject to  the  approval  of  Mr.  Whitman.  The  means  by  which  the 
organization  aims  to  accomplish  the  moral  improvement  of  its  mem- 
bers are  books  (of  which  there  are  already  some  six  hundred  vol- 
umes), music,  lectures,  readings,  recitations  and  debates.  Entertain- 
ments are  given  on  Tuesday  and  Friday  evenings.  The  talent  usually 
comes  from  the  prisoners,  but  now  and  then  is  volunteer.  Numerous 
instances  might  be  given  showing  the  improved  moral  condition  of 
the  inmates  as  a  result  of  such  influences.  The  work  of  the  associa- 
tion also  practically  manifests  itself  in  the  frustration  of  at  least  one 
attempted  jail  delivery  through  the  warning  of  a  sympathetic  mem- 
ber of  the  organization  to  Mr.  Whitman.  Thus,  as  intimated  at  the 
outset  of  this  article,  has  been  placed  in  effective  working  order  an 
agency  for  moral  improvement,  whose  effects  are  practical  and  whose 
influences  are  immeasurable;  and  the  work  has  been  accomplished  by 
an  earnest  man  and  woman  virtually  unknown  beyond  an  ever  grate- 
ful and  widening  circle  of  characters  whose  lives  might  have  been 
far  more  creditable  to  themselves  and  society  had  they  come  in  con- 
tact with  more  sympathetic  and  charitable  Christians  like  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Whitman. 

After  a  continuous  service  of  over  sixteen  years  as  jailer  of  Cook 
county,  Mr.  Whitman  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Busse,  June  i,  1907, 
as  superintendent  of  -the  House  of  Correction  of  the  City  of  Chicago, 
to  succeed  Andrew  M.  Lynch.  This  appointment  was  a  worthy  recog- 
nition of  the  eminent  fitness  of  Mr.  Whitman  for  the  position,  ana  it 
may  be  safely  assumed  that  his  record  in  the  Cook  county  jail  was 
the  basis  for  the  promotion.     As  superintendent,  Mr.  Whitman  now 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  573 

exercises  direct  supervision  over  the  House  of  Correction  and  the 
John  Worthy  School  for  Boys.     The  majority  of  citizens  are  Httle 
more  than  aware  that  these  institutions  exist,  and  yet  among  the 
institutions,  whose  object  is  to  restrain  and  soften  the  evil  of  human 
nature  before  it  can  expend  its  violence  on  society,  none  have  more 
far-reaching  effects  when  properly  administered  than  the  two  that  are 
now  under  the  superintendence  of  Mr.   Whitman.     The  House  of 
Correction  is  one  of  the  largest  institutions  of  the  kind  in  the  coun- 
try, its  average  number  of  inmates  being  1,800,  the  average  number 
of  women  being  160.     The  grounds  of  the  institution  comprise  sixty 
acres,  and  the  appropriations  for  expenses  during  the  year  1906  were 
over  three  hundred  thousand  dollars.     In  the  John  Worthy  school 
from  two  hundred  to  four  hundred  delinquent  boys  are  constantly 
inmates,  the  average  period  of  detention  for  1906  being  267  days. 
This  school  supplements  the  juvenile  court  and  other  organizations 
in  the  great  work  of  reclaiming  Chicago  boys  to  honesty,  industry 
and  wholesome  living,  and  with  such  a  humanitarian  as  Mr.  Whitman 
in  charge  some  very  important   results  may  be  expected  from  the 
school  during  the  next  few  years. 

Only  a  mind  of   unusual   strength,   persistent   grasp  and   broad 
sweep  of  abilities  can  earn  signal  success  in  a  special  field  already 

crowded  with  keen  competitors,  and  at  the  same  time 

T^  retain  fresh  and  balanced  faculties  for  the  considera- 

Banning.         .  ,      ,  .  ,,.,., 

tion  and  advancement  ot  great  public  and   social 

problems.  The  character  of  the  late  Ephraim  Banning  was  there- 
fore cast  in  no  ordinary  mold,  for  he  not  only  stood  among  the  lead- 
ing lawyers  of  the  country  in  the  construction  and  application  of  pat- 
ent law — a  legal  domain  surcharged  with  countless  details  and  of 
such  vast  importance  to  the  ingenious,  practical  American — but  dur- 
ing the  later  years  of  his  life  he  achieved  a  national  reputation  as  a 
clear  and  broad  exponent  of  many  of  the  most  vital  questions  of  in- 
dustrial and  social  reforms  which  agitate  thoughtful  citizens. 

Mr.  Banning  was  a  native  of  McDonough  county,  Illinois,  born 
on  the  2ist  of  July,  1849,  ^^^^  ^^  Ephraim  and  Louisa  Caroline 
(Walker)  Banning.  When  the  boy  was  six  years  of  age  the  family 
removed  to  Kansas.  As  the  father  was  a  stanch  Whig  and  arrived 
upon  the  soil  of  Kansas  at  the  height  of  the  Pro-slavery  agitation,  he 
at  once  became  active  in  the  politics  of  the  day,  and  it  is  said  to  be 


574  '     CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

well  authenticated  that  the  committee  of  the  convention  which  gave 
the  state  to  the  Free-soilers  held  its  meeting  at  the  house  of  the  Ban- 
nings  near  Topeka.  When  Ephraim  was  about  ten  years  of  age  the 
family  again  made  a  change  of  homestead  to  Missouri,  and  two  years 
later  when  his  brothers  joined  the  Union  army  as  soldiers  of  the 
Civil  war  he  was  left  as  his  father's  chief  assistant  on  the  home  farm. 
His  education  in  the  common  schools  progressed  satisfactorily  with 
his  agricultural  training  until  he  was  sixteen  years  of  age,  when  he 
obtained  higher  educational  advantages  in  the  academy  of  Brookfield, 
Missouri.  Subsequently  he  taught  school  for  a  time  and  then  as- 
sumed the  study  of  law  with  Hon.  Samuel  P.  Huston,  of  the  town 
mentioned.  He  remained  thus  faithfully  and  profitably  employed 
until  1 87 1,  when  he  located  in  Chicago  as  a  student  and  clerk  in  the 
office  of  Rosenthal  and  Pence,  then  among  the  leading  firms  of  the 
city.  In  June,  1872,  he  was  admitted  to  practice  at  the  bar  of  the 
supreme  court  of  Illinois,  and  in  October  following  opened  an  office 
and  entered  upon  his  career  of  professional  advancement  and  public 
honor. 

Mr.  Banning's  first  five  years  in  Chicago  were  devoted  to  general 
practice,  commercial,  real  estate,  corporation  and  criminal  law  all 
finding  him  a  ready  and  successful  exponent.  Incidentally,  he  handled 
several  cases  involving  questions  of  patent  law,  and  he  speedily  ac- 
quired a  decided  preference  for  the  intricate  and  scientific  points  of 
this  special  branch  of  jurisprudence.  It  was  in  1877  that  he  made 
his  first  argument  in  a  patent  case,  and  in  the  same  year  formed  a 
partnership  with  his  brother,  Thomas  A.  Banning,  who  had  been  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  two  years  before.  From  the  first  the  resulting  firm 
of  Banning  and  Banning  confined  itself  almost  exclusively  to  patent 
law,  with  trade  marks  as  a  division,  and  in  the  prosecution  and  de- 
velopment of  their  extensive  professional  business  Mr.  Banning,  the 
senior  member,  argued  many  important  cases  in  the  United  States 
supreme  court  and  in  the  federal  courts  of  Chicago,  New  York,  Bos- 
ton, Philadelphia,  Cleveland,  Cincinnati,  Kansas  City,  St.  Paul  and 
Des  Moines.  In  1888  he  made  an  extensive  tour  to  Europe,  and  by 
observation  and  special  investigation  greatly  extended  his  already 
thorough  knowledge  in  his  chosen  field  of  study  and  practice. 

Throughout  his  life  Mr.  Banning  was  one  of  the  most  active  and 
honored  members  of  the  American,  State  and  Chicago  Bar  associations, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  575 

and  through  the  local  organization  has  accomplished  much  good  not 
directly  connected  with  his  profession,  as  well  as  many  reforms  of 
great  benefit  to  bench  and  bar.  He  was  a  member  of  the  committee 
appointed  by  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  by  which  the  city  secured 
several  additional  United  States  judges,  and  by  virtue  of  his  promi- 
nence in  his  special  field  of  practice  was  a  leading  figure  in  the  great 
work  of  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition.  He  served  as  chairman 
of  the  committee  on  organization  of  the  Patent  and  Trade-mark  Con- 
gress, and  at  the  close  of  its  session  was  appointed  one  of  a  committee 
to  present  to  Congress  various  matters  connected  with  industrial 
property,  particularly  in  its  international  aspects.  In  1896  his  broad 
usefulness  and  prominence  as  a  Republican  was  signally  acknowledged 
by  his  selection  as  a  McKinley  presidential  elector,  and  a  like  honor 
was  bestowed  upon  him  in  1900,  when  he  again  represented  his  state 
in  national  convention.  From  1897-1901  Mr.  Banning  ably  and  con- 
scientiously served  as  a  member  of  the  State  Board  of  Charities,  and 
while  holding  this  office  accomplished  one  of  the  greatest  works  of 
his  life  for  the  present  and  future  good  of  Chicago.  Through  his 
work  on  the  state  board  he  became  interested  in  the  sad  condition  of 
delinquent  and  defective  children  and  their  crying  need  of  segregation 
from  hardened  criminals,  both  in  the  investigation  of  their  cases  and 
the  punishment  of  their  offenses.  After  many  conferences  with  Timothy 
D.  Hurley  (then  of  the  Visitation  and  Aid  Society,  now  chief  proba- 
tion officer  of  the  Cook  County  Juvenile  court)  and  with  the  late 
Judge  Harvey  B.  Hurd,  as  well  as  with  legislative  leaders  in  Spring- 
field, Mr.  Banning  presented  the  matter  to  the  Chicago  Bar  Associa- 
tion in  October,  1898.  He  was  appointed  one  of  a  committee  of  five 
to  investigate  the  entire  subject,  was  chosen  its  chairman,  and  after 
Judge  Hurd  had  drawn  up  what  became  known  as  the  Juvenile  Court 
Bill,  represented  the  State  Board  of  Charities  in  the  appeal  of  promi- 
nent Chicago  citizens  for  its  passage  by  the  legislature.  The  bill 
was  approved  by  the  governor  April  21,  1899,  and  went  into  force  on 
the  1st  of  the  following  July,  no  one  reform  of  recent  years  having 
met  with  more  earnest  commendation  or  more  unanimous  support. 
To  have  been  one  of  its  chief  founders,  as  was  Ephraim  Banning, 
is  proof  positive  of  a  humane  and  high  nature,  as  well  as  of  a  clear 
insight  into  the  needs  of  a  great  progressive  community.  The  dis- 
tinction between  the  radical  work  accomplished  by  Mr.   Hurd  and 


576  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Banning  in  this  splendid  reform  is  thus  well  delineated  by  the 
Chicago  Legal  News:  "In  the  sense  of  authorship  the  late  Harvey 
B.  Hurd  has  been  justly  called  the  Father  of  our  Juvenile  Court  Law; 
but  in  the  sense  of  practical,  constructive  work,  as  distinguished  from 
authorship,  the  title  belongs  to  Ephraim  Banning.  This  is  clearly 
recognized  in  the  official  programme  of  the  dedication  of  our  new 
Juvenile  Court  building,  which  took  place  August  7,  1907."  More  in 
detail,  Mr.  Hurley  brought  out  these  points  in  his  address  at  the  dedi- 
catory exercises,  and  the  News  condenses  as  follows :  "After  detail- 
ing these  early  steps,  Mr.  Hurley  gives  an  interesting  account  of  pro- 
ceedings at  Springfield — how  the  bill  was  introduced  in  both  houses 
of  the  legislature,  considered  in  committee,  amended  in  various  par- 
ticulars and  finally  passed.  In  all  of  this  Mr.  Banning  is  shown  to 
have  taken  an  active  and  leading,  part:  As  author.  Judge  Hurd 
brought  into  its  provisions .  the  result  of  profound  study  and  large 
experience  in  legal  and  philanthropic  work.  As  organizer  of  the 
movement  which  resulted  in  its  passage  Mr.  Banning  brought  into 
action  powerful  constructive  forces,  and  this  in  a  practical  way — the 
influence  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  governor  of  the  state  and 
speaker  of  the  house  of  representatives.  Judge  Hurd  and  Mr.  Ban- 
ning are  therefore  each  entitled  to  credit ;  in  his  own  way  each  was  the 
Father  of  our  Juvenile  Law." 

Mr.  Banning's  last  public  honor  was  the  appointment  as  a  member 
of  the  Deep  Water  Way  Convention  held  at  Memphis.  For  many 
years  he  had  been  an  enthusiast  on  the  subject,  holding  to  the  position 
that  the  improvement  of  navigable  rivers  throughout  the  country  so 
as  to  develop  their  full  carrying  capacity  was  the  most  important 
business  question  before  the  American  people.  To  his  mind  the  work 
was  not  second  in  importance  to  the  building  of  the  Pacific  railways 
and  the  Atlantic  cable  of  half  a  century  ago,  or  the  present  completion 
of  the  Panama  canal.  His  selection,  therefore,  as  a  delegate  to  the 
Memphis  convention  was  but  a  just  tribute  to  his  consistent  attitude 
on  this  subject. 

Mr.  Banning  was  twice  married — first,  on  the  22d  of  October, 
1878,  to  Miss  Lucretia  T.  Lindsley,  who  died  February  8,  1887,  leav- 
ing three  sons,  Pierson  W.,  Walker  and  Ephraim,  Jr.  On  September 
5,  1889,  he  chose  for  his  second  wife  Miss  Emilie  B.  Jenne,  daughter 
of  the  late  O.  B.  Jenne,  of  Elgin,  Illinois.     Both  the  deceased  and  his 


VUBLIG   LIBRARY 


I       ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 

■     riLDEN  FOUNDATIONS 


TIMOTHY  D.  HURLEY. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUxXTV  577 

family  were  long  attendants  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  Mr. 
Banning  was  an  elder  at  the  time  of  his  death,  December  2,  1907.  The 
cause  of  his  decease  was  a  fall,  causing  concussion  of  the  brain.  He 
is  survived  by  his  widow  and  children,  his  second  son  being  a  member 
of  the  firm  Banning  and  Banning. 

Timothy  David  Hurley  is  a  substantial  and  honorable  practitioner 
at  the  Chicago  bar,  and  was  for  many  years  one  of  the  best  known 

™  ^       justices  of  the  peace  on  the  south  side.     In  the  field 

Timothy  D.        ,         ^.    ,       ^ .      , 
Hurley  practical  moral  reforms,  as  relates  to  the  miprove- 

ment  of  juvenile  lives  and  conditions,  he  has  a  wide 
reputation  throughout  the  state  and  the  west  for  unflagging  earnest- 
ness and  effective  work.  Born,  in  Maysville,  Mason  county,  Ken- 
tucky, on  the  31st  of  August,  1863,  he  is  a  son  of  Timothy  and  Ellen 
(McNamara)  Hurley.  He  was  educated  in  the  Catholic  parish  school 
of  his  native  town  of  Maysville,  and  in  that  place  also  learned  the 
printer's  trade. 

Mr.  Hurley  came  to  Chicago  in  1882,  when  nineteen  years  of 
age,  and  after  working  in  various  job  printing  offices  saved  sufficient 
money  to  warrant  him  in  enrolling  himself  at  the  Union  College  of 
Law,  graduating  in  1887  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  In  the  same 
year  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  commenced  practice  alone,  later 
forming  a  partnership  with  Victor  K.  Koerner,  which  continued 
until  his  election  as  justice  of  the  peace  in  1891.  He  remained  thus 
engaged  until  the  establishment  of  the  new  municipal  court  system, 
in  1907,  when  he  resumed  a  general  civil  practice. 

Mr.  Hurley  has  devoted  special  attention  to  children's  legislation 
and  has  been  recognized  for  fourteen  years  as  the  representative  of 
the  Chicago  Charity  Institution  at  Springfield  in  matters  relating  to 
children's  law.  He  prepared  the  first  Juvenile  Court  Law  in  1891,  but 
the  bill  was  defeated  in  the  legislature  on  the  ground  that  the  measure 
was  advanced  legislation.  He  assisted  in  preparing  the  Ju\-enile 
Court  Bill  and  other  juvenile  laws.  In  addition  to  this  other  work 
he  finds  time  to  edit  and  publish  the  Jurenile  Court  Record,  a  monthly 
juvenile  publication  devoted  solely  to  juvenile  court  news  and  circu- 
lated throughout  the  world.  It  has  a  circulation  of  25,000  and  is 
recognized  as  authority  on  juvenile  court  practice.  He  is  president 
of  the  Visitation  and  Aid  Society,  and  ex-president  of  the  Illinois 
State  Council  of  the  Catholic  Benevolent  Legion  and  Illinois  Confer- 

^■(>I.  II— G 


578  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNT/ 

ence  of  Charities.  He  served  as  the  first  chief  probation  officer  of  the 
Juvenile  Court  of  Chicago,  in  1 900-1,  and  is  at  the  present  time  presi- 
dent of  the  St.  Charles  School  for  Delinquent  Boys,  as  well  as  a  di- 
rector of  the  Chicago  Industrial  School  for  Girls.  He  is  vice-president 
of  the  Chicago  Charity  Directory,  a  director  of  the  Bureau  of  Chari- 
ties, secretary  of  the  Cook  County  Child-Saving  Legislative  League, 
and  secretary  of  the  Cook  County  Child-Saving  Conference,  as  well  as 
a  member  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  National  Conference  of 
Charities  and  Corrections,  and  a  member  of  the  executive  committee 
of  the  Juvenile  Court  Committee.  Mr.  Hurley  is  a  leading  Repub- 
lican and  Roman  Catholic.     His  office  is  in  the  Unity  building. 

Few  are  left  of  the  old-time  lawyers  who  gave  Chicago  a  stand- 
ing at  the  national  bar.     They  were  men  of  strong,  sometimes  stern 

characters,  and  were  not  specialists  even  in  the  sense 
of  confining  themselves  to  their  professions:    for, 

HORTON.  ,  ,      .  ,  .  ,  , 

whatever  their  regular  vocations,  the  greedy,  grow- 
ing city  would  have  the  services  of  its  best  men.  As  a  municipality  it 
had  not  been  brought  into  any  sort  of  clear  order,  so  that  each  capable 
citizen,  who  loved  it  and  took  a  pride  in  its  achievements,  was  ordered 
to  report  to  various  assigned  duties  connected  with  its  public,  social, 
educational,  religious  and  other  activities.  Judge  Oliver  Harvey 
Horton  is  a  soldier  of  the  Old  Guard  and  has  never  been  a  closet 
lawyer  or  judge,  for  although  his  profession  for  more  than  forty  years 
has  felt  the  beneficial  influence  of  his  acts  and  service,  he  has  been 
liberal  in  the  donations  of  his  energy,  ability  and  wise  counsel  to  the 
uplifting  forces  of  education  and  religion.  He  has  shown  his  faith  in 
the  city  both  by  the  enthusiasm  and  firmness  of  his  spirit  and  by 
the  multitude  of  his  good  works. 

Oliver  H.  Horton  was  born  in  Cattaraugus  county.  New  York, 
on  the  20th  of  October,  1835,  and  is  a  son  of  Rev.  Harvey  W.  and 
Mary  H.  Horton,  the  father  a  native  of  Vermont  and  the  mother  of 
Connecticut.  The  elder  Horton  was  a  Baptist  minister.  After  re- 
ceiving a  good  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Rochester,  New 
York,  and  Kingsville,  Ohio,  the  youth  of  nineteen  placed  the  east  be- 
hind him  and  came  to  the  typical  city  of  the  west.  His  first  experi- 
ence with  Chicago  business  was  in  connection  with  a  lumber-yard, 
and  although  he  was  in  poor  health  he  continued  to  be  employed  in 
this  line  and  at  other  active  work  for  some  five  years.     In  1859  ^^ 


T; 


r'UCLiC    LhiRARY 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 
riLDE.N  FOUNDATIONS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  579 

went  south  for  a  change  of  chmate  and  after  a  few  months  returned 
to  Chicago  so  much  improved  that  he  decided  to  carry  out  his  long- 
cherished  desire  to  enter  the  law.  In  i860  he  became  a  student  in 
the  office  of  Hoyne,  Miller  and  Lewis,  remaining  associated  with  that 
firm  both  as  student  and  clerk  until  the  dissolution  of  the  co-partner- 
ship in  January,  1864.  In  the  meantime  Mr.  Horton  had  gradu- 
ated from  the  Union  College  of  Law  and  been  admitted  to  the  bar 
(in  1863).  In  1864  he  was  admitted  as  a  partner  to  the  business  of 
Hoyne  and  Ayer,  the  firm  of  Hoyne,  Ayer  and  Horton  being  dis- 
solved in  1865  by  the  retirement  of  Mr.  Ayer.  The  resulting  firm  of 
Hoyne  and  Horton  was  changed  to  that  of  Hoyne,  Horton  and  Hoyne, 
in  January,  1867,  by  the  admission  of  the  son  of  the  senior  partner, 
Thomas  M.  Hoyne.  That  connection  was  continued  until  the  death 
of  the  elder  Hoyne  by  a  railway  accident  in  1883,  when  the  name  of 
Horton  and  Hoyne  was  adopted.  Four  years  later  the  partnership 
was  broken  by  the  elevation  of  Mr.  Horton  to  the  bench  of  the  circuit 
court. 

Under  the  administration  of  Mayor  Roche,  Judge  Horton  had 
acted  about  a  year  as  corporation  counsel,  although  the  appointment 
was  made  in  the  face  of  his  declination  and  absence  from  the  city. 
But  it  was  unanimously  confirmed  by  the  city  council  and,  under  pres- 
sure, he  assumed  the  duties  of  the  office.  It  was  while  in  the  per- 
formances of  these  responsibilities,  in  1887,  that  he  was  elected  to  the 
circuit  bench.  Conscientiously  believing  in  the  non-partisanship  of 
the  judiciary,  his  acceptance  of  the  nomination  had  been  obtained  only 
upon  the  condition  that  his  name  should  appear  upon  the  tickets  of 
both  of  the  leading  parties.  It  was  upon  this  basis  of  non-partisan 
support  that  he  ascended  the  bench  as  the  result  of  three  elections, 
serving  until  1903  and  during  that  period  (1898-1901)  presiding  over 
the  appellate  court  of  the  first  district.  A  man  of  unimpeachable 
character,  of  unusual  intellectual  endowments,  with  a  thorough  knowl- 
edge of  the  law,  and  possessing'  patience,  industry  and  urbanity  in 
its  application.  Judge  Horton  took  to  the  bench  the  necessary  quali- 
fications for  a  discharge  of  its  functions  which  brought  him  honor 
and  well  merited  popularity.  Of  the  many  important  cases  which 
came  before  him  for  adjudication  was  the  Garfield  Park  Race  Track 
matter,  and  by  dissolving  the  injunction  which  prevented  the  city 
authorities  from  interfering  with  book-making  he  dealt  a  hard  blow 


58o  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

to  gambling.  He  was  associated  with  Judges  Tuley,  Tuthill  and 
Burroughs  in  rendering  the  decision  which  made  possible  the  location 
of  the  Fine  Arts  Institute  on  the  lake  front. 

Judge  Horton's  opinions  have  ever  been  regarded  by  the  pro- 
fession as  models  of  judicial  soundness,  and  at  the  same  time  he 
evinced  the  keenest  consideration  for  the  equity  of  the  case  and  even 
extended  to  the  guilty  every  encouragement  and  aid  not  in  violation 
of  the  principles  of  justice.  His  experience  in  the  trial  of  divorce 
suits  led  him  to  take  an  advanced  stand  in  favor  of  a  complete  remodel- 
ing of  the  law  as  it  relates  to  the  marital  relations.  Looking  to  this 
end  he  introduced  a  bill  into  the  state  legislature  in  1889  giving  the 
court  power  to  fix  periods  within  which  the  parties  to  the  divorce  shall 
not  marry,  a  violation  of  its  decree  subjecting  either  to  the  penalties 
of  bigamy. 

Judge  Horton  has  ever  been  a  patron  and  supporter  of  education 
and  esthetic  culture.  For  over  a  quarter  of  a  century  he  has  been  a 
member  of  the  Chicago  Literary  Club;  is  one  of  the  five  members 
composing  the  board  of  trustees  of  Lewis  Institute ;  is  president  of  the 
board  of  trustees  of  Garrett  Biblical  Institute  and  first  vice-president 
of  the  board  of  trustees  of  Northwestern  University;  is  an  honorary 
life  member  of  the  Union  College  of  Law  (having  served  as  its  presi- 
dent) and  is  a  trustee  of  Wesley  Hospital.  From  a  mere  perusal  of  the 
above  list  it  would  be  inferred  that  Judge  Horton  is  prominent  in  the 
educational  and  charitable  affairs  of  the  Methodist  church;  he  is,  in 
fact,  one  of  its  most  distinguished  laymen.  In  1880  and  1890  he 
served  as  a  delegate  to  its  general  conference,  was  a  lay  delegate  to 
the  Ecumenical  Methodist  Conference  at  London  in  1881,  and  has 
served  as  president  of  the  Laymen's  Association  of  Rock  River  Con- 
ference. For  nearly  twenty  years  he  was  a  member  of  Grace  Episcopal 
church,  in  which  he  held  every  position  to  which  a  layman  is  eligible. 
For  twelve  years  he  was  superintendent  of  its  Sunday-school,  during 
which  period  it  had  a  larger  membership  than  any  other  home  school 
west  of  the  AUeghanies.  The  great  fire  of  1871  left  all  but  sixteen 
of  the  twelve  hundred  scholars  homeless,  and  all  the  members  of  the 
congregation  except  two.  Notwithstanding  this  dispersal  of  members 
young  and  old,  Judge  Horton  labored  hard  to  reunite  them  and  soon 
had  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  the  Sunday-school  in  as  flourishing  a 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  581 

condition  as  ever.  The  Judg-e  is  now  a  faithful  attendant  upon  the 
services  of  the  Trinity  Methodist  church. 

Judge  Horton's  connection  with  the  fraternal  and  co-operative 
organizations  of  his  profession  embraces  membership  in  the  Chicago 
Bar  Association  and  the  Medico-Legal  Society,  of  which  he  is  a  char- 
ter member  and  served  as  president  in  1892;  his  influential  identifica- 
tion with  the  Chicago  Law  Institute  and  the  Union  College  of  Law 
has  already  been  mentioned.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Glen  View 
Golf  Club,  Quebec  Golf  Club,  Forty  Club,  Hamilton  Club  and  Mid- 
Day  Club,  while  he  has  been  a  factor  in  the  activities  of  the  Union 
League  since  its  organization.  It  should  also  be  stated  that  for  many 
years  he  was  actively  connected  with  the  Young  Men's  Christian  As- 
sociation as  a  director,  held  the  office  of  vice-president  for  some  time 
and  was  chairman  of  the  lecture  committee. 

Judge  Horton's  wife  was  formerly  Miss  Frances  B.  Gould,  who 
came  from  New  York  to  Chicago  in  early  childhood  and  has  ever  since 
resided  here.  They  were  married  in  this  city  on  the  27th  of  December, 
1857,  the  great  grief  of  nearly  half  a  century  of  their  harmonious 
married  life  being  the  death  of  their  two  children.  In  private  life, 
as  in  public  office,  Judge  Horton  is  always  the  same  reliable,  honor- 
able man — affable,  yet  firm  in  maintaining  what  he  regards  as  right. 
His  pledge  is  never  secured  except  upon  the  most  carefully  examined 
grounds,  but  once  obtained  is  immovable.  His  charity  is  broad  and 
warm,  and  it  is  the  universal  verdict  that  he  never  weighed  an  act  of 
his  life  in  the  scale  of  sinister  policy. 

Jesse  Holdom,  one  of  the  judges  of  the  appellate  court  of  the  first 
Illinois  district,  is  a  worthy  representative  of  the  dignity  and  great- 
ness of  the  state  in  the  domain  of  the  law  which 
Jesse  Holdom.  he  has  honored  for  thirty-five  years.  He  possesses 
the  substantial  traits  of  his  race  who  furnished 
America  with  the  basis  of  her  legal  procedures,  whether  of  the  bench 
or  bar,  being  born  in  London,  England,  on  the -23d  of  August,  185 1, 
a  son  of  William  and  Eliza  Holdom.  His  European  ancestors  were 
refugees  from  the  massacre  of  St.  Bartholomew,  and  in  1572  they 
settled  in  that  part  of  the  world's  metropolis  known  as  Spitalfields. 
From  that  time  until  the  birth  of  Jesse,  a  period  of  nearly  three  hun- 
dred years,  the  Holdoms  were  ail  born  in  the  same  parish  and  within 
half  a  mile  of  the  place  where  their  ancestors  originally  settled. 


582  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

In  the  city  of  his  nativity  Judge  Holdom  acquired  an  academic 
education  and  in  1868,  when  seventeen-  years  of  age,  came  to  the 
United  States,  making  Chicago  his  home  in  July  of  that  year.  He 
soon  began  the  study  of  law,  and  after  two  years  entered  the  office 
of  Joshua  C.  Knickerbocker,  with  whom  he  continued  until  1876, 
when  he  accepted  the  position  of  chief  clerk  with  Tenneys,  Flower  and 
Abercrombie.  On  September  13,  1873,  he  had  been  admitted  to  the 
Illinois  bar,  and  in  1878  became  associated  with  the  brother  of  Judge 
Knickerbocker  under  the  firm  name  of  Knickerbocker  and  Holdom,  a 
relationship  which  was  maintained  until  1889.  He  then  practiced 
alone  until  his  elevation  to  the  superior  bench  of  Cook  county  in  1898, 
continuing  thus  until  his  election  to  the  appellate  court  of  the  state. 

At  the  bar  and  as  a  trial  lawyer  Judge  Holdom  was  always  courte- 
ous, but  forceful,  logical,  convincing  and  never  a  quibbler  over  non- 
essential points.  He  prepared  his  cases  with  patience,  faithfulness 
and  ability,  and  seldom  was  involved  by  his  opponents  in  a  phase  of 
the  litigation  which  he  had  not  carefully  considered.  As  counselor 
he  was  astute  but  conservative.  Perhaps  his  greatest  reputation  at 
the  bar  has  been  achieved  in  chancery  and  probate  cases,  and  in  liti- 
gated questions  involving  contests  of  wills  and  titles  to  real  estate. 
Upon  the  death  of  Judge  Knickerbocker  he  was  publicly  mentioned 
for  the  vacant  probate  judgeship,  and  without  personal  solicitation 
was  afterward  appointed  by  Governor  Fifer  as  public  guardian,  be- 
ing elected  judge  of' the  superior  court  in  November,  1898.  In  his 
court  decisions,  both  as  a  superior  and  appellate  judge,  he  has  ex- 
hibited the  same  traits  as  marked  his  career  at  the  bar,  always  thor- 
oughly examining  the  pending  matter  and  basing  his  clearly  expressed 
conclusions  on  the  fundamental  principles  of  the  law.  Those  who 
know  Judge  Holdom  personally,  or  have  had  professional  dealings 
with  him  in  his  judicial  capacity,  need  not  be  told  that  his  decisions 
from  the  bench  are  quite  devoid  of  political  -considerations  or  indi- 
vidual leanings.  He  still  retains  an  active  membership  in  the  Amer- 
ican, Illinois  and  Chicago  Bar  associations,  Chicago  Law  Club  and 
the  Chicago  Law  Institute.  He  served  as  a  delegate  to  the  national 
convention  at  Saratoga  in  1896;  was  president  of  the  Illinois  State 
Bar  Association  1901-2. 

That  Judge  Holdom  is  a  literary  and  cultured  gentleman  is  evident 
not  only  from  his  conversation  and  bearing  but  by  his  large  library 


Ari-fj  ,i7        k  lilA.V  AWr* 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUxXTY  583 

of  rare  and  old  books,  in  the  midst  of  which  he  finds  rest,  recreation 
and  mental  strenglh.  His  law  library  is  also  extensive  and  well  se- 
lected, as  would  be  naturally  expected.  In  his  political  relations  the 
Judge  is  a  Republican,  and  is  a  member  of  such  social,  literary  and 
political  organizations  as  the  Union  League,  Hamilton  (president  in 
1897),  Midlothian,  Homewood  and  Quadrangle  clubs.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Bibliophile  Society  of  Boston  and  the  Caxton  Club  of 
Chicago.  In  the  Union  League  he  was  a  member  of  the  committee  on 
political  action  for  the  years  1898,  1899  and  1900  and  is  first  vice 
president  at  the  present  time  and  his  official  connection  with  the  Ham- 
ilton Club  as  its  president  1897-8  has  had  a  strong  influence  on  its 
developments  into  a  strong  factor  in  the  public  and  civic  movements 
of  the  city.  The  metropolitan  character  of  his  activities  is  further 
indicated  by  his  identification  v,  ith  the  Art  Institute  and  the  Field  Co- 
lumbian Museum.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  National  Geographical 
Society  and  the  American  Forestry  Association..  In  his  religious 
views,  the  Judge  is  an  Episcopalian,  and  has  held  official  rank  both  in 
the  Trinity  Episcopal  and  St.  Paul's  Episcopal  churches,  at  the  present 
time  serving  as  senior  warden  of  the  latter.  Judge  Holdom  has  been 
twice  married,  his  first  wife  being  Edith  I.  Foster,  to  whom  he  was 
united  in  1877  and  who  died  in  1891.  His  second  marriage  was  with 
Mabel  Brady  in  1893.  There  have  been  four  children  in  the  family — 
Edith  I.;  Jesse;  Martha,  the  wife  of  Roy  McMillan  Wheeler,  and 
Courtland  Holdom.  The  Judge  is  one  of  those  whole-souled  men, 
never  too  busy  to  forget  his  courtesy,  and  with  all  his  notable  suc- 
cesses as  lawyer  and  judge  is  always  ready  to  receive  well  meant 
counsel  from  the  humblest  of  his  associates.  It  is  this  genial  spirit 
of  absorption  from  whatever  source  which  brings  such  men  as  he 
both  popularity  and  strength. 

Hon.   Frederick  A.   Smith,  elected  to  the  circuit  bench  of  Cook 
county  for  the  term  ending  June,  1909,  is  an  able  and  virile  product 

of  the  state  and  county  which  he  has  so  honored  as 

Frederick  A.   ,  .     .  ,  •        •^-  -vxn       1    ^ 

^  lawyer,  jurist  and  progressive  citizen.     When  but  a 

youth  he  cheerfully  offered  himself  in  defense  of  his 
country's  integrity,  and  during  the  forty  years  that  he  has  been  identi- 
fied with  the  legal  i)rofession  he  has  evinced  an  earnest  devotion  to 
the  cause  of  good  and  patriotic  citizenship.  He  has  tnisted  nothing 
to  chance  and  owes  nothing  to  fortuitous  circumstances,  but  ceaseless 


584  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

toil  and  endeavor,  based  upon  a  splendid  endowment  of  mental  and 
physical  strength,  have  brought  to  him  an  honorable  leadership  in  the 
fields  of  law,  jurisprudence,  education  and  civics. 

Frederick  Augustus  Smith  was  born  in  Norwood  Park,  Cook 
county,  Illinois,  on  the  nth  of  February,  1844,  and  is  a  son  of  Israel 
G.  and  Susan  P.  (Pennoyer)  Smith,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  18 16, 
the  former  in  the  Empire  state  and  the  latter  in  Connecticut.  In  1835 
the  father  came  from  New  York  to  Cook  county  and  pre-empted  from 
the  government  a  tract  of  land  which  he  transformed  into  a  family 
homestead,  upon  which  Frederick  A.  was  born,  and  which  proved  the 
residence  of  the  parents  for  the  remainder  of  their  lives.  Israel  G. 
Smith  died  on  the  old  Norwood  Park  homestead,  his  wife  having 
passed  away  in  1894. 

Judge  Smith  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
Chicago,  and  in  i860  entered  the  preparatory  department  of  the  old 
Chicago  University.  In  1862  he  became  a  regular  student  in  the  col- 
legiate department,  but  at  the  close  of  his  freshman  year  left  his  studies 
to  enlist  in  Company  G,  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-fourth  Infantry, 
participating  in  the  campaigns  of  Kentucky  and  Missouri  until  the 
regiment  was  mustered  out  in  1864.  He  then  resumed  his  studies  in 
the  university,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1866  with  the  degree 
of  A.  M.  He  at  once  became  a  student  in  the  Union  College  of  Law, 
now  the  law  department  of  the  Northwestern  University,  and  after 
his  graduation  therefrom  in  1867  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  having 
since  been  a  leading  figure  both  of  the  bench  and  bar. 

During  the  first  six  years  of  his  professional  life  Judge  Smith  was 
senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Smith  and  Kohlsaat,  after  which  he 
practiced  alone  until  1885,  in  which  year  he  associated  himself  with 
S.  M.  Millard  under  the  firm  name  of  Millard  and  Smith.  The  part- 
nership continued  until  1889,  and  the  following  year  he  became  the 
senior  in  the  firm  of  Smith,  Helmer  and  Moulton.  In  1895  H.  W. 
Price  was  admitted  to  the  firm,  which  remained  intact  until  1902. 

In  the  meantime  Judge  Smith  had  come  into  prominence  as  a  Re- 
publican, being  the  nominee  of  that  party  for  superior  court  judge  in 
1898,  his  candidacy  upon  this  occasion  being  unsuccessful.  The 
strong,  balanced  and  substantial  traits  which  he  exhibited  as  a  lawyer, 
however,  finally  convinced  the  profession  that  he  was  admirably 
adapted  to  assume  judicial  functions,  and  in  June,  1903,  as  stated,  he 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  585 

was  elected  for  the  six  years'  term  to  the  circuit  bench.  In  December. 
1904,  the  supreme  court  assigned  him  to  the  appellate  bench,  and  at 
the  June  term  of  1906  he  was  re-assigned  to  that  division  for  three 
years.  Judge  Smith's  previous  high  standing  at  the  bar  is  indicated 
by  such  facts  as  that  in  1887  he  was  chosen  president  of  the  Chicago 
Law  Club  and  in  1890  president  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association.  His 
fine  reputation  as  a  lawyer  has  been  fully  sustained  by  his  honorable 
and  substantial  record  as  a  judge. 

Successful  as  have  been  tlic  professional  labors  of  Judge  Smith, 
they  have  not  absorbed  his  energies  to  the  exclusion  of  the  general 
interests  of  the  community.  Being,  a  man  of  scholarly  attainments 
and  broad  culture,  he  has  been  especially  interested  in  higher  educa- 
tion. He  has  been  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  new  Uni- 
versity of  Chicago  since  its  organization,  and  holds  the  same  position 
in  the  management  of  Rush  Medical  College.  He  is  also  a  valued 
member  of  the  three  leading  political  organizations  of  Chicago,  the 
Union  League,  Hamilton  and  Marquette  clubs. 

In  1 87 1  Judge  Smith  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Frances 
B.  Morey,  daughter  of  Rev.  Reuben  and  Abby  (demons)  Morey,  of 
Merton,  Wisconsin.  In  the  cultured  home  thus  founded  he  evinces 
those  pleasing  personal  traits  which  add  a  rare  attraction  to  his  sterling 
character  as  a  man. 

David  Quigg,  who,  by  a  legal  career  extending  over  half  a  cen- 
tury, is  one  of  the  oldest  lawyers  of  Chicago  and  the  state  of  Illinois, 

was  born  in  Litchfield,  New  Hampshire,  December 

David  Quigg.     17,    1834,  a   son  of  Abel  G.   and   Lydia    (Bixby) 

Quigg.    He  attended  public  schools,  the  Gilmantown 

(New   Hampshire)    Academy,   and   entering  Dartmouth   College   in 

1 85 1  was  graduated  in  1855.     From  his  native  state  he  moved  west 

to  Bloomington,  Illinois.     He  was  a  student  in  the  office  of  the  law 

firm  of  Swett  and  Orme,  well  known  lawyers  of  that  city,  and  in 

1857  was  admitted  to  the  bar. 

It  is  fifty  years  since  Mr.  Quigg  became  a  licensed  member  of  the 
profession,  but  his  early  practice  was  interrupted  by  nearly  four  years' 
service  in  the  Civil  war.  After  serving  as  second  lieutenant  of  the 
Fourth  Illinois  Cavalry  until  the  summer  of  1862.  in  February,  1863. 
he  was  mustered  in  as  major  of  the  Fourteenth  Illinois  Cavalry,  be- 
ing promoted  lieutenant  colonel  of  the  same  regiment  in  May,  1865. 


586  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Most  of  his  service  was  in  the  Mississippi  valley,  with  the  Army  of 
the  Tennessee.  In  the  Stoneman  raid  of  August,  1864,  he  was  cap- 
tured and  was  confined  in  the  prisons  at  Charleston  and  Columbia, 
South  Carolina,  until  exchanged  in  March,  1865. 

Immediately  after  his  discharge  from  the  army  in  July,  1865,  he 
returned  to  the  north,  and  after  a  year  with  the  firm  of  Higgins  and 
Swett,  of  Chicago,  he  became  third  member  of  the  firm.  On  the  with- 
drawal of  Judge  Higgins  and  the  dissolution  of  the  partnership  in 
1873,  Mr.  Quigg  became  a  partner  of  Cyrus  Bentley,  Sr.  In  1879 
he  formed  a  partnership  with  Judge  Richard  S.  Tuthill,  with  whom 
he  remained  until  1887,  and  from  that  date  until  May,  1898,  was 
associated  with  the  junior  Cyrus  Bentley,  since  which  time  Mr.  Quigg 
has  practiced  alone. 

He  is  a  Republican,  but  has  never  taken  part  in  practical  politics. 
He  is  a  member  of  George  H.  Thomas  Post  No.  5,  G.  A.  R.  He  mar- 
ried at  Bloomington,  Illinois,  April  7,  1865,  Francena  Pike,  who  died 
in  1894,  leaving  a  daughter  Ethel,  now  Mrs.  John  L.  Porter. 

Judge  Thomas  Guilford  Windes  has  been  a  member  of  the  Chi- 
cago bar  for  more  than  thirty  years  and  an  honored  occupant  of  the 

circuit  bench  of  Cook  county  for  nearly  half  of  that 

period.     Whatever  he  has  found  to  do  he  has  done 

Windes.         ^      ,,..,,  .  ,         ,,.,..,,. 

to  the  hmit  01  his  strength  and  abilities,  both  01 

which  have  been  of  the  highest  order,  whether  serving  as  a  cavalry- 
man under  the  intrepid  Forrest  of  the  Confederacy,  or  serving  the 
people  of  Chicago  on  one  of  the  most  trying  benches  of  the  higher 
courts.  No  one  has  ever  had  cause  to  doubt  Judge  Windes'  mental 
strength,  or  straight- forward  manliness,  in  whatever  field  of  activity 
he  has  elected  to  enter.  As  a  judge  his  decisions  have  ever  indicated 
a  strong  mentality,-  careful  analysis,  a  thorough  knowledge  of  the  law, 
and  although  as  an  individual  a  man  of  positive  views,  the  discovery 
is  yet  to  be  made  that,  as  a  judge,  he  has  ever  been  swayed  by  his  per- 
sonal leanings.  When  he  ascends  the  bench  he  has  that  self-control, 
so  requisite  to  the  true  judicial  temperament,  of  putting  aside  all  per- 
sonal feelings  and  prejudices  in  order  that  he  may  righteously  dis- 
pense justice. 

Thomas  G.  Windes  is  a  native  of  Alabama,  born  in  Morgan 
county,  on  the  19th  of  January,  1848.  He  is  of  Scotch-Irish  descent, 
the  original  American  ancestors  of  the  family  having  'come  to  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  587 

new  world  prior  to  the  outbreak  of  the  Revokitionary  war.  His 
father,  Rev.  Enoch  Windes.  was  a  minister  of  the  Baptist  church  and 
wedded  Miss  Ann  Ryan,  a  lady  of  Irish  lineage,  whose  people  were 
among  the  pioneers  of  Kentucky. 

Judge  Windes  was  placed  in  school  at  the  age  of  five  years  and 
during  the  succeeding  decade  patronized  the  Morgan  county  institu- 
tions. About  the  middle  of  the  Civil  war  period  when  the  Confed- 
eracy was  calling  into  its  military  service  the  mere  boys  of  the  land,  if 
they  were  made  of  the  right  material,  Thomas  joined  the  cavalry 
service  under  General  Forrest,  and  remained  at  the  front  until  the 
close  of  hostilities.  Returning  to  Huntsville,  he  soon  afterward  re- 
sumed his  interrupted  studies  at  the  academy  located  at  that  point, 
and  continued  there  for  about  two  years.  About  this  time  he  also 
commenced  to  read  law  under  the  direction  of  the  firm  of  Beirne  and 
Gordon,  in  1867-8  was  a  law  student  in  the  University  of  Virginia, 
and  then  engaged  in  teaching  school  until  his  admission  to  the  bar 
at  Jasper,  Tennessee,  in  1870.  Through  the  succeeding  two  years 
he  was  occupied  in  mercantile  and  agricultural  pursuits,  but  meeting 
with  an  accident,  he  resolved  to  come  to  Chicago,  and  has  since  been 
identified  with  the  interests  of  this  city. 

After  engaging  in  various  employments,  Judge  Windes  secured 
a  situation  as  a  law  clerk  in  September,  1873,  ^"^  '"  ^^"'^  summer  of 
1875  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  Illinois  bar.  For  some 
years  he  was  associated  in  practice  with  Alexander  Sullivan,  and  the 
firm  conducted  much  important  litigation.  In  November,  1880,  the 
Judge  began  his  connection  with  the  circuit  bench  by  accepting  his 
appointment  as  master  in  chancery  of  that  court,  serving  in  that 
capacity  for  twelve  years  with  such  satisfactory  results  to  both  practi- 
tioners and  litigants  that  he  was  elected  to  the  judiciary  itself.  In  1892 
he  commenced  his  first  term  as  judge  of  the  circuit  court,  and  in  June. 
1897,  was  appointed  to  the  appellate  bench,  and  has  long  since  demon- 
strated his  right  to  be  classed  among  the  ablest  jurists  of  the  state. 
His  last  re-election  was  in  June.  1903.  when  he  was  returned  for  the 
term  ending  June,  1909. 

On  the  3d  of  December,  1868.  Judge  Windes  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Sallie  C.  Humphrey,  daughter  of  Boyle  P.  Humphrey, 
a  prominent  planter  of  Madison  county.  Alabama.  They  have  four 
children — Frank  A..  Zel  F..  Susan  A.  and  Thomas  Guy.    The  pleasant 


588  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

family  home  is  at  Winnetka.  The  Judge  was  a  Baptist  in  his  rehgious 
views  for  forty  years,  but  is  now  a  member  of  the  Christian  Science 
Church,  and  a  Democrat  in  pohtics.  Naturally  he  is  a  member  of  the 
Iroquois  Club. 

Among  the  men  elected   to   the  new   municipal   court  bench   in 
November,    1906,  one  whose  previous  record,   general  qualifications 

for  ability  and  character  give  every  ground  for  his 

William  N.  .  ,  ■    .u-  /         ^^r-u-        at 

^  successful  career  m  this  new  court  was  William  N. 

Gemmill.        ^  .„     -       _-  ,  ■  ,         1 

Gemmill,   for  nfteen  years  a  lawyer  with  a  large 

practice  in  Chicago,  and  a  member  of  the  well  known  firm  of  Gemmill 
and  Foell.  While  engaged  as  an  advocate  he  directed  several  impor- 
tant cases  to  successful  issue,  and  established  points  that  have  since 
been  referred  to  as  authorities.  Judge  Gemmill  has  the  reputation 
of  being  an  indefatigable  worker,  combining  scholarship  with  an 
active  energy  and  forceful  personality.  These  qualities  have  been 
much  esteemed  in  his  new  position,  where,  at  the  outset,  the  citizens 
of  Chicago  hoped  to  place  men  who  would  lend  thorough  integrity 
and  practical  efficiency  to  the  administration,  that  hitherto  had  been 
remarkably  tardy. 

Judge  Gemmill  had  such  a  training  for  his  career  as  is  familiar  in 
the  case  of  many  successful  self-made  men.  Born  on  a  farm  at  Shan- 
non, Illinois,  December  29,  i860,  a  son  of  WiUiam  and  Susan  (Bren- 
ner) Gemmill,  Pennsylvanians  who  came  out  to  Illinois  some  years 
before  the  war,  he  spent  his  early  school  days  in  a  district  school  and 
the  Shannon  high  school,  and  later  graduated  from  Cornell  College 
(Iowa)  in  1886  and  took  up  the  pursuit  of  teaching.  He  was  super- 
intendent of  the  city  schools  of  Rockford,  Iowa,  and  later  in  Marion, 
Iowa.  After  five  years  in  this  work  he  came  to  Chicago  and  began 
the  study  of  law  at  Northwestern  University.  He  was  graduated  and 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  1892.  Judge  Gemmill  has  had  practice  in  all 
of  the  courts  and  experience  in  divers  and  many  important  cases. 
His  familiarity  with  contract  and  commercial  law  and  damage  suits 
gives  him  especial  advantage  in  the  municipal  court,  these  branches  of 
civil  procedure  being  particularly  defined  in  the  jurisdiction  and  pow- 
ers of  the  court.  The  popularity  of  Judge  Gemmill  among  his  asso- 
ciates upon  the  municipal  bench  was  demonstrated  Avhen  he  was 
unanimously  elected  chief  justice  of  the  municipal  court  by  the  other 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  589 

judges  of  the  court  in  July,  1907,  to  act  during  the  absence  of  Chief 
Justice  Olson. 

Judge  Gemmill  is  a  resident  of  the  Seventh  ward,  and  has  taken  an 
active  part  in  the  political  affairs  of  the  city  and  state.  He  served 
as  the  Republican  central  committeeman  of  his  ward  from  1902  to 
1907.  He  is  a  strong  campaign  speaker,  and  began  political  speaking 
a  number  of  years  ago,  stumping  the  states  of  Illinois  and  Iowa 
during  the  campaign  of  1896,  and  since  then  has  always  taken  a  most 
active  part  in  every  campaign. 

Judge  Gemmill  married,  in  1892,  Miss  Edna  Billings,  of  Rock- 
ford,  Iowa,  and  has  two  children,  Jennette  and  William  B.  He  is  a 
popular  member  of  the  Hamilton  Club  and  the  Law  Institute.  In 
1907  he  was  elected  and  became  a  life  member  of  the  Chicago  Press 
Club. 

'*A  gentleman  of  the  old  school,  and  most  emphatically  of  the 

nrw,"  might  designate  the  polished  and  eloquent  Luther  Laflin  Mills, 

lawyer,  orator,  reformer  and  Christian  citizen.     He 
Luther  L 

has  all  the  suavity,  dignity  and  fire  of  the  fathers  of 

the  republic,  with  the  broad  and  practical  wisdom  of 

the  twentieth  century  attorney  and  patriot.     His  fame  as  an  orator 

does  not  belong  to  Chicago  or  to  Illinois,  but  is  national  in  its  scope, 

while  as  a  criminal  lawyer  he  stands  in  the  front  rank  of  practitioners 

in  the  United  States. 

Luther  Laflin  Mills  was  born  in  North  Adams,  Massachusetts, 
September  3,  1848,  son  of  Walter  N.  and  Caroline  J.  (Smith)  Alills. 
and  was  brought  by  his  parents  to  Chicago  when  an  infant  of  one 
year.  He  was  thus  introduced  to  the  stirring  life  of  Chicago  and 
the  west  at  such  an  early  age  that,  for  all  practical  purposes,  he  is  a 
native  of  the  city  and  the  section.  Having  acquired  his  preliminary 
education  in  the  public  schools,  he  obtained  a  higher  mental  training 
in  the  University  of  Michigan,  and  in  1868  began  the  study  of  law 
in  the  office  of  Homer  N.  Hibbard,  remaining  under  his  instruction 
for  about  three  years. 

Mr.  Mills  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1871,  just  as  the  city  was 
about  to  enter  into  a  new  and  grander  era  of  its  development,  as  a 
result  of  the  remarkable  stimulus  caused  by  the  Great  Fire,  believed 
at  the  time  by  those  who  did  not  know  Chicago  to  be  a  crushing 
misfortune.     Young,  talented  and  enthusiastic,  he  was  of  the  right 


590  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

material  to  soon  become  an  integral  part  of  the  new  Chicago,  and 
during  the  four  years  of  individual  practice  became  a  leading  and 
an  indispensable  factor  in  its  professional  and  civic  progress.  In 
1875  he  entered  into  partnership  with  George  C.  Ingham  and  Edward 
P.  Weber,  under  the  firm  name  of  Mills,  Weber  and  Ingham,  and  in 
the  following  year  was  elected  state's  attorney  of  Cook  county. 
During  the  period  of  his  service  in  this  capacity  (1876-84)  Mr.  Mills 
established  his  reputation  as  one  of  the  foremost  criminah  lawyers  of 
the  country.  He  was  thoroughly  feared  by  the  criminal  elem.ent,  and 
accomplished  much  in  correcting  an  outside  impression  that  as  a  city 
Chicago  was  unstable  and  unsafe.  Among  a  multitude  of  cases  he 
secured  the  conviction  of  John  Lamb  for  the  murder  of  Officer  Race, 
of  Peter  Stevens  for  the  murder  of  his  wife  and  of  Theresa  Sturlata 
for  the  murder  of  Charles  Stiles.  He  also  conducted  for  the  state 
the  prosecution  of  several  of  the  county  board  "boodlers,"  and  in  all 
his  official  work  gained  so  high  a  reputation  that  even  after  the  expi- 
ration of  his  last  term  of  service  as  state's  attorney  he  was  frequently 
called  in  to  assist  in  important  cases  by  the  regular  prosecutor  of  the 
county.  One  of  these  cases  was  the  trial  of  James  Dacey  for  the 
murder  of  Alderman  Gaynor.  The  defendant  took  a  change  of  venue 
to  McHenry  county,  and  Mr.  Mills  was  commissioned  to  assist  in 
the  prosecution  there,  in  which  he  was  completely  successful,  although 
opposed  by  the  eminent  advocate,  T.  D.  Murphy.  While  in  jail  Dacey 
feigned  insanity,  and  a  trial  on  that  issue  was  ordered  by  the  supreme 
court,  Mr.  Mills  again  appearing  for  the  state.  Dacey  was  adjudged 
sane  and  ultimately  executed  by  hanging. 

An  enthusiastic  Republican,  Mr.  Mills'  professional  reputation 
has  always  overshadowed  all  political  considerations.  A  striking  illus- 
tration of  this  fact  was  offered  in  1888,  when  the  Democracy  of  Ohio 
called  upon  him  to  assist  that  eminent  statesman  and  lawyer  of  the 
party,  Allen  G.  Thurman,  in  the  prosecution  of  the  tally-sheet  forgers. 
This  cause  was  a  step  in  the  gubernatorial  contest,  was  tried  at  Colum- 
bus and  came  into  national  prominence  because  of  the  masterly  way  in 
which  it  was  conducted.  Mr.  Mills  was  also  one  of  the  prosecutors 
in  the  trial  of  the  murderers  of  Dr.  Cronin.  No  case  in  the  history  of 
Illinois  criminal  jurisprudence  has  attracted  more  widespread  atten- 
tion, and  Mr.  Mills  spent  seven  months  in  the  preparation  and  trial 
thereof.     The  result  is  a  matter  of  history,  for  the  punishment  of  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  591 

conspirators  was  a  direct  blow  at  the  anarchistic  tendencies  which 
brought  about  the  fearful  deed.  He  was  also  engaged  in  much  civil 
litigation  of  importance.  His  treatment  of  all  cases,  of  whatever 
character,  is  marked  by  careful  study  and  patient  preparation,  so  that 
the  brilliancy  and  eloquence  of  his  addresses  to  court  and  jurv  are 
based  upon  the  substance  of  facts  and  accurate  knowledge. 

Whene\'er  a  public  occasion  in  Chicago  demands  a  speaker,  not 
only  of  brilliancy  but  of  good  judgment — one  who  shall  say  the  right 
thing,  at  the  right  time  and  in  the  right  way — the  management  have 
always  turned  instinctively  to  Luther  Laflin  Mills,  and  if  his  services 
are  secured  he  Jias  never  disappointed  the  highest  expectations.  On 
Lincoln  day  of  1890  he  responded  to  a  toast  on  the  martyred  president 
at  a  banquet  given  by  the  Republican  Leagues  at  Columbus,  Ohio.  At 
a  banquet  in  the  Sherman  House,  Chicago,  in  December  of  the  same 
year,  he  delivered  a  stirring  address  on  American  Citizenship,  and 
among  the  noteworthy  events  in  the  history  of  western  educational 
institutions  was  his  speech  before  the  law  school  of  the  University  of 
Wisconsin,  in  July,  1891,  on  "Law  and  Progress."  There  is  probably 
no  lawyer  at  the  Chicago  bar  who  is  today  more  popular  with  the 
newspaper  men  than  Luther  Laflin  Mills,  and  addresses  long  to  be 
remembered  by  them  and  the  public  at  large  were  those  delivered 
at  the  memorial  services  for  Herman  Raster,  the  German  journalist, 
in  August,  1 89 1,  and  over  the  bodies  of  the  three  young  reporters 
killed  in  the  railroad  accident  in  October  of  the  same  year. 

On  the  15th  of  November,  1876,  Mr.  Mills  was  married  to  Miss 
Ella  J.  Boies,  of  Saugerties,  New  York,  a  daughter  of  Joseph  M.  and 
Electa  B.  (Laflin)  Boies.  They  have  five  children — Matthew,  Electa 
Boies,  Mari  Brainerd  (Mrs.  Frank  T.  Crawford),  Caroline  Bigelow 
and  Agnes  Sheffield.  Since  his  admission  tcj  the  bar  in  October  1903, 
the  son  has  been  associated  with  his  father  under  the  firm  name  of 
Luther  Laflin  Mills  and  Matthew  Mills.  For  the  past  twelve  years 
the  practice  of  Mr.  Mills  has  been  confined  to  civil  practice,  including 
important  arbitration.  His  son,  Matthew  Mills,  is  a  member  of  the 
Forty- Fifth  General  Assembly  of  Illinois,  elected  in  1906. 

Mr.  Mills  and  his  family  occupy  a  prominent  position  in  social 
circles,  and  their  home  is  a  cultured  center  where  intellectual  enjoy- 
ments predominate.  Personally,  Mr.  Mills  enjoys  the  popularity  that 
a  generous  nature,  refined  manner,  unusually  scholastic  attainments 


592  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  great  individual  magnetism  naturally  win.  As  a  humanitarian 
he  has  a  logical  identification  with  the  social,  civic  and  religious  move- 
ments which  have  brought  fame  to  Chicago.  For  many  years  he  has 
been  a  member  of  the  Illinois  Humane  Society,  and  is  president  of  the 
Chicago  Tract  Society  and  Chicago  Boys'  Club.  In  his  special  relig- 
ious faith  he  is  a  Presbyterian,  but  in  a  broader  sense  his  Christianity 
includes  the  world  and  all  struggling  humanity. 

Lambert  Tree  is  a  citizen  who  has  not  only  added  to  the  distinction 
of  Chicago,  in  both  material  and  intellectual  fields,  but  through  his 

high  and  able  character  has  carried  its  good  name 
^  into  national  and  international  councils.     He  was 

I    "PTTTr 

born  in  Washington,  District  of  Columbia,  on  the 
29th  of  November,  1832,  and  from  both  sides  of  his  family  comes  of 
prominent  Revolutionary  stock.  Two  of  his  great-grandfathers  were 
officers  in  the  American  army,  and  one  of  them  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Trenton  while  in  command  of  an  artillery  company. 

The  parents  of  Lambert  Tree  were  Lambert  and  Laura  M.  (Bur- 
rows) Tree,  who  thoroughly  believed  in  an  education  as  the  best  asset 
of  manhood.  Their  son  therefore  received  a  good  classical  education 
before  he  commenced  to  read  law  in  the  office  of  James  Mandeville 
Carlisle,  who  was  then  the  leader  of  the  Washington  bar.  Having 
completed  his  professional  studies  at  the  University  of  Virginia,  he 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  the  national  capital  in  October,  1855,  and 
before  the  end  of  the  year  had  settled  in  Chicago  for  practice. 

Almost  from  the  first.  Judge  Tree  was  a  recognized  leader  at  the 
bar,  both  because  of  his  manifest  knowledge  and  the  tact  and  polish 
of  his  address;  for,  notwithstanding  the  rawness  of  this  rising  young 
city  of  the  west,  even  in  the  fifties  it  held  a  bright  collection  of  broad 
and  cultured  men  in  all  walks  of  life.  Neither  did  it  require  a  long 
testing  period  for  the  people  of  Chicago  to  discover  that  behind  a 
courteous  bearing  and  professional  ability  were  the  sterling  traits  of 
a  man.  In  1864  he  was  elected  president  of  the  Chicago  Law  Insti- 
tute, and  in  1870  one  of  the  circuit  judges  of  Cook  county  to  fill  the 
unexpired  term  of  the  late  William  K.  McAllister,  who  had  been  ele- 
vated to  the  state  supreme  court.  His  succeeding  record  and  personal 
popularity  earned  him  an  election  for  the  full  term,  without  opposition, 
and  during  his  incumbency  a  score  or  more  of  aldermen  were  brought 
before  him,  having  been  indicted  by  the  grand  jury  upon  his  initiative. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  593 

and  punished  for  various  malfeasances  in  office.  Judge  Tree  resigned 
in  1875,  then  passed  several  years  in  European  travel,  and  in  1878 
returned  to  Chicago  and  occupied  himself  with  law,  literature  and  the 
management  of  his  private  affairs. 

In  1878  and  1882,  notwithstanding  his  district  (the  fourth  had 
always  been  a  Republican  stronghold),  Judge  Tree  allowed  his  name 
to  be  used  by  the  Democracy,  and,  although  he  failed  of  an  election, 
he  received  a  very  jflattering  vote.  In  1884  he  served  as  a  delegate 
at  large  from  Illinois  to  the  national  convention  which  nominated 
Grover  Cleveland  for  the  presidency,  and  at  the  1884-5  session  of 
the  general  state  assembly,  after  the  withdrawal  of  Colonel  William 
R.  Morrison  (failed  only  by  one  vote  of  being  elected  United  States 
senator  in  opposition  to  General  John  A.  Logan.  In  July,  1885, 
President  Cleveland  appointed  him  United  States  minister  to  Belgium, 
Judge  Tree  representing  his  country  in  several  important  interna- 
tional conferences  held  in  Brussels.  He  also  represented  the  govern- 
ment at  the  international  congress  for  the  reform  of  commercial  and 
maritime  law,  held  in  that  city  in  1888.  During  his  residence  in 
Brussels  Judge  Tree  showed  that  Chicago  was  still  deep  in  his  mind 
and  affections  by  commissioning  Count  de  Lalaing,  an  eminent  Bel- 
gian sculptor,  to  execute  the  noble  bronze  statue  of  LaSalle,  which, 
through  his  generosity,  has  stood  in  Lincoln  Park  these  many  years. 
In  September,  1888,  he  was  promoted  to  be  minister  to  Russia,  which 
office  he  resigned  in  March  of  the  following  year,  and  returned  to 
Chicago  with  the  intention  of  giving  his  attention  to  pressing  private 
affairs. 

In  January,  1891,  Judge  Tree  was  appointed  by  the  President 
as  one  of  the  three  members  representing  the  United  States  at  the 
International  Monetary  Commission  held  in  Washington,  designed 
to  further  the  plans  of  the  late  James  G.  Blaine  in  the  unification 
of  the  interests  of  the  Americas  by  providing  a  monetary  medium  of 
common  circulation.  Although  not  a  member  of  the  conference, 
he  took  a  warm  interest  in  the  Brussels  congress  of  1889  for  the 
suppression  of  the  African  slave  trade. 

Judge  Tree  has  always  warmly  sustained  by  contributions  and 
substantial  support  all  historical  movements  connected  with  his  city 
and  state.  In  1893-7  he  served  as  president  of  the  Illinois  State 
Historical  Library,   for  many  years  has  been  vice  president  of  the 

Vol.  n— 7 


594  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Chicago  Historical  Society  and  is  a  life  trustee  of  the  Newberry 
Library.  He  is  also  either  an  active,  or  honorary  corresponding  mem- 
ber of  several  other  societies,  of  a  geogra.phical,  historical  or  scientific 
nature  identified  with  those  fields  of  research  in  France,  and  is  a 
leading  member  of  the  Historical  Society  of  the  District  of  Columbia. 
During  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  he  was  appointed  by  the 
king  of  Belgium  as  an  honorary  councilor  of  his  government,  and 
while  Mr.  Tree  did  not  serve  as  a  director  of  the  World's  Fair,  in 
many  ways  he  was  in  close  touch  with  its  management.  Flis  foreign 
honors  include  not  only  a  rank  as  grand  officer  of  the  Order  of  Leo- 
pold of  Belgium,  but  an  officer  of  many  years'  standing  in  the  famed 
Legion  of  Honor  of  France.  In  the  United  States  Judge  Tree  is  also 
honored  as  one  of  the  organizers  and  a  serving  vice  president  of  the 
Illinois  branch  of  the  National  American  Red  Cross  Society,  incor- 
porated by  act  of  Congress.  He  is  an  influential  member  of  its  central 
committee,  with  headquarters  in  Washington,  and  has  always  been 
•an  ardent  supporter  of  the  organization  and  its  humanitarian  princi- 
ples and  practices.  Locally,  besides  enjoying  membership  in  the  Chi- 
cago organizations  already  mentioned,  he  is  a  director  in  the  Mer- 
chants' Loan  &  Trust  Company  and  the  Chicago  Edison  Company, 
and  has  large  and  valuable  real  estate  interests  in  many  sections  of  the 
city. 

In  1859  Mr.  Tree  was  united  in  marriage  with  a  daughter  of 
H.  H.  Magie,  a  Chicago  pioneer,  and  they  have  one  son,  Artliur 
Magie  Tree,  and  one  grandson,  Ronald  Lambert  Tree.  The  family 
residence  is  one  of  the  finest  homes  on  the  north  side,  at  No.  94  Cass 
street.  Judge  Tree's  genealogy  has  brought  him  membership  in  the 
Illinois  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution.  He  is  widely  known  so- 
■^dally,  and  enjoys  identification  with  such  clubs  as  the  Chicago  and 
Iroquois  of  Chicago,  the  Union  of  New  York,  and  the  Metropolitan 
of  Washington. 

The  life  record  of  Graeme  Stewart  in  all  its  varied  phases  was  one 

which  reflected  honor  and  dignity  upon  the  city  that  esteemed  him. 

-    He  was  a  life-long  resident  of  Chicago,  and  the  his- 

o  tory  of  no  citizen  has  been  more  fearless  in  conduct, 

Stewart.  -^  .  .  .  •  ,       • 

more  constant  m  service  and  more  stamless  m  repu- 

lation.  He  felt  a  love  for  the  city  that  was  manifest  in  almost  count- 
less ways  for  the  municipal  development  and  welfare,  and  in  return  no 


A  6o>^^-T-t^^,^ 


^CKwaniTl-.trat^-tr^,.. 


THENclWYCRK  I 


f 

ASTGR,  LUNQXANS        I 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  595 

one  was  more  uniformly  loved  by  his  fellow  townsmen  than  Graeme 
Stewart. 

William  Stewart,  the  father,  became  a  resident  of  Chicago  in 
1850,  and  when  the  city  was  just  emerging  from  its  embryonic  condi- 
tion and  taking  on  the  evidences  of  progressive  villagehood,  with 
possibilities  of  future  development  and  upbuilding.  Three  years 
after  his  arrival  there  came  to  the  Stewart  home,  on  the  30th  of 
August,  1853,  a  little  son,  who  was  given  the  name  of  Graeme — a 
name  dear  because  of  its  associations  with  his  Scotch  ancestry.  Some- 
thing of  the  marvelous  growth  of  Chicago  during  the  life  of  Mr.  Stew- 
art is  indicated  by  the  fact  that  his  birthplace  was  a  little  one-story 
frame  dwelling  which  stood  at  the  corner  of  Franklin  and  Monroe 
streets,  now  the  heart  of  the  wholesale  district.  As  boy  and  youth 
he  roamed  over  the  prairies  that  are  now  covered  by  more  sightly  and 
palatial  residences,  while  a  feature  of  his  winter  sports  were  the  races 
upon  the  ice  on  the  main  branch  of  the  Chicago  river.  From  boyhood 
pleasures  Mr.  Stewart  turned  his  attention  to  the  duties  assigned  in 
the  acquirement  of  an  education  in  the  Skinner  school,  one  of  the  first 
important  educational  institutions  to  be  opened  here.  Later  he  at- 
tended the  University  of  Chicago  and  eventually  became  a  student 
in  the  Dyrenfurth  Hande  Schule,  a  business  college  which  stood  at 
the  corner  of  Randolph  street  and  Fifth  avenue.  He  made  his  initial 
step  in  the  business  world,  as  have  countless  other  Chicago  boys,  by 
selling  the  Chicago  Sunday  papers ;  but  that  which  differentiates  his 
career  from  so  many  of  his  fellow  townsmen  is  that  his  ambition  led 
him  into  larger  undertakings  with  wider  outlook  and  greater  oppor- 
tunities, while  his  indomitable  energy  enabled  him  to  accomplish  what- 
ever he  undertook.  While  still  but  a  young  lad  he  secured  a  position 
as  errand  boy  in  the  house  of  G.  W.  Flanders  &  Company,  where  his 
ready  adaptability,  his  faithfulness  and  his  enterprise  soon  won  him 
promotion  to  the  position  of  shipping  clerk.  A  few  years  later,  de- 
spite the  protests  of  his  employers,  Mr.  Stewart,  believihg  that  he  had 
a  better  opportunity  for  advancement,  connected  himself  with  Stewart, 
Aldrich  &  Company,  becoming  a  salesman  for  that  firm.  At  that 
epochal  period  in  the  city's  histoiy  when  its  business  district  was  de- 
stroyed by  fire,  in  October,  1871,  Mr.  Stewart,  knowing  what  it  would 
mean  to  the  company  to  save  its  books,  appropriated  the  first  horse 
which  he  saw  that  was  not  otherwise  used,  drove  to  the  house  and 


596  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

dashed  before  the  flames  across  Rush  street  bridge,  being  the  last  per- 
;ofi  to  cross  in  safety ;  but  the  books  of  the  company  were  saved,  and, 
be  it  said  to  Mr.  Stewart's  credit  that  after  two  days  he  found  the 
owner  of  the  horse  and  received  his  thanks  for  returning  it  in  good 
order.  The  next  decisive  step  which  marked  the  prominence  of  Mr. 
Stewart's  business  career  was  his  identification  with  the  W.  M.  Hoyt 
Company  in  1880,  in  which  firm  he  became  partner  and  director. 

At  the  time  of  his  death  he  was  at  the  head  of  the  extensive  mer- 
cantile establishment  conducted  under  the  name  of  the  W.  M,  Hoyt 
Company  on  the  site  of  Fort  Dearborn.  There  were  certain  elements 
which  marked  the  business  career  of  Mr.  Stewart.  The  methods 
which  he  pursued  were  such  as  gained  him  an  unassailable  reputation 
for  commercial  integrity.  He  had  the  ability  to  co-ordinate  forces,  to 
control  and  shape  into  unity  seemingly  diverse  elements.  In  addition, 
he  tried  to  make  all  his  acts  and  commercial  moves  the  result  of 
genuine  consideration  and  sound  judgment.  There  were  never  any 
great  ventures  or  risks.  On  the  contrary,  he  practiced  honest,  con- 
servative business  methods,  while  energy  and  good  system  constituted 
the  basis  of  his  success.  He  was  a  merchant  in  the  true  sense  of  the 
word. 

It  is  impossible  to  determine  the  extent  of  Graeme  Stewart's  influ- 
ence in  political  life  and  municipal  interests  of  the  city,  for  such  things 
cannot  be  measured  by  any  known  standard.  It  is,  however,  a  uni- 
versally accepted  fact  that  few  men  have  been  so  potent  in  molding 
the  public  policy  and  shaping  the  destiny  of  the  city  along  lines  of 
progressive  development  in  keeping  with  those  higher  ideals  toward 
which  the  loyal,  public-spirited  and  patriotic  citizen  is  always  striving. 
Whether  through  political  lines  or  in  other  methods,  his  labors  were 
always  exerted  with  the  interests  of  the  city  at  heart.  His  real  politi- 
cal career  began  when  he  was  but  ten  years  of  age  as  a  member  of  the 
Republican  drum  corps.  From  that  time  forward  he  never  wavered  in 
his  support  of  Republican  principles,  although  at  times  he  took  a  most 
decided  stand  in  opposition  to  the  methods  of  various  machine  leaders 
and  bosses  of  the  party,  who  would  sacrifice  the  advancement  of  the 
party  to  personal  aggrandizement,  and  the  city's  welfare  to  their  own 
good.  The  ambition  of  Mr.  Stewart,  however,  was  not  centered  in 
lines  of  personal  political  attainment.  In  1882  he  was  appointed  by 
the  senior  Mayor  Harrison  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  education, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  597 

and  during  his  succeeding  eight  years'  service,  a  part  of  the  time  as 
president,  he  did  most  effective  work  for  the  system  of  puhhc  instruc- 
tion in  Chicago.  His  able  and  effective  labors  received  public  recog- 
nition and  appreciation  w^hen,  in  1907,  the  finest  grammar  school 
building  in  the  city  was  named  in  his  honor.  Although  he  was  fre- 
quently mentioned  for  the  mayoralty  candidacy  for  several  years,  Mr. 
Stewart  would  not  accept  the  nomination  when  it  was  tendered  him 
in  1899  because  of  opposition  from  a  certain  Republican  leader.  In 
1903  he  was  made  the  standard  bearer  of  his  party  and  met  defeat 
after  a  vigorous  campaign,  because  of  the  disloyalty  of  certain  Repub- 
lican workers  who  feared  the  straightforward  methods  of  Mr.  Stew- 
art. There  is  no  doubt  that  had  he  entered  into  the  methods  of  many 
politicians  he  could  have  obtained  almost  any  office  he  might  desire, 
but  with  him  principle  was  above  party,  and  purity  in  municipal  affairs 
above  personal  interests.  For  many  years  he  was  known  for  his 
sterling  qualities,  his  fearless  loyalty  to  his  honest  convictions,  his 
sturdy  opposition  to  misrule  in  municipal  affairs,  and  his  clearhead- 
edness, discretion  and  tact  as  manager  and  leader.  He  was  a  delegate 
to  the  Republican  National  Convention  in  1896.  In  1900  he  became 
a  member  of  the  National  Executive  committee  of  the  Republican 
party,  in  which  capacity  he  evinced  such  pronounced  ability  and  sound 
judgment  as  to  bring  him  into  national  prominence  and  make  him  the 
valued  co-worker  as  well  as  personal  friend  of  such  men  as  William 
McKinley,  Marcus  A.  Hanna,  Henry  C.  Payne,  R.  C.  Kerens,  Harry 
C.  New,  George  B.  Cortelyou,  Shelby  M.  Cullom,  Charles  G.  Dawes, 
Edward  J.  Brundage,  Theodore  Roosevelt  and  many  others  of  the 
leading  Republicans  of  the  country.  In  1901  President  Roosevelt 
tendered  him  the  office  of  assistant  postmaster  general,  and  the  same 
year  he  was  urged  to  accept  the  position  as  a  member  of  the  Presi- 
dent's cabinet  in  the  new  seat  as  secretary  of  commerce  and  labor. 
On  both  occasions,  however,  he  declined  the  honor,  preferring  to  main- 
tain an  uninterrupted  residence  in  Chicago.  While  he  always  had 
the  deepest  interest  in  national  affairs,  he  was  pre-eminently  a  Chi- 
cagoan,  and  the  city  was  dearer  to  him  than  any  other  place  on  earth. 
While  he  refused  office  he  remained  active  in  molding  public  thought 
and  opinion.  It  was  characteristic  of  him  that  while  others  criticised 
men  and  measures,  he  set  to  work  to  right  that  which  was  wrong,  and 


598  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

was  as  tireless  in  his  labor  for  municipal  virtue  and  honor  as  he  was 
for  business  success. 

Too  young  for  service  in  the  Civil  war,  there  nevertheless  stands 
to  the  credit  of  Mr.  Stewart  a  military  chapter  in  his  life  history,  for 
in  1874  he  was  active  in  promoting  and  organizing  the  First  Illinois 
Regiment  and  was  elected  captain  of  Company  A.  The  first  call  to 
active  service  was  in  1875,  when  trouble  was  feared  from  the  local 
socialists.  He  remained  always  a  champion  of  the  interests  of  the 
National  Guard,  and  for  a  number  of  years  continued  in  active  con- 
nection therewith.  He  took  a  firm  stand  in  support  of  the  erection  of 
the  new  County  building  and  was  tireless  in  "his  labors  toward  the 
accomplishment  of  this  purpose. 

To  Mr.  Stewart  more  than  to  any  other  man  is  Chicago  indebted 
for  the  fact  that  the  Illmois  Naval  Training  School  was  established  at 
Lake  Bluff.  He  was  mainly  instrumental  in  raising  the  $228,000 
necessary  for  the  purchase  of  the  site,  completing  the  task  only  three 
days  prior  to  his  final  illness,  when,  with  Mrs.  Stewart,  he  signed  the 
realty  deed  conveying  the  land  to  the  United  States  government. 
Since  that  time  the  national  authorities  have  appropriated  several 
million  dollars  for  the  construction  of  buildings.  There  was  perhaps 
no  movement  of  vital  importance  to  the  city  with  which  he  was  not 
concerned  as  an  active  factor  in  his  support  of  or  opposition  to,  as  the 
case  might  be — for  he  was  as  strong  in  his  denouncement  of  a  measure 
which  he  believed  to  be  detrimental  as  he  was  firm  in  his  allegiance 
when  he  believed  that  the  interests  of  the  city  would  be  promoted 
thereby. 

While  his  success  in  business  and  his  labors  in  political  and  munici- 
pal lines  made  Graeme  Stewart  a  great  man,  he  possessed,  moreover, 
those  traits  of  personal  character  that  made  him  a  lovable  man.  He 
was  genial,  courteous  and  kindly,  and  there  was  no  more  welcome 
visitor  at  the  rooms  of  the  Chicago,  Union  League,  Hamilton  and 
Marquette  clubs,  in  all  of  which  he  held  membership,  than  Mr.  Stew- 
art. It  was  felt  that  no  important  gathering  of  those  clubs  was  com- 
plete unless  he  was  numbered  among  those  present,  and  usually  was 
called  upon  to  voice  his  sentiments  in  regard  to  every  question  that 
came  up  for  consideration.  He  was  likewise  one  of  the  organizers 
of  the  ]\Ierchants'  Club,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  Illinois  Manufacturers'  Association.     He  was  also  one 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUN  lY  599 

of  the  charter  members  of  the  Mid-day  CUib  and  was  a  prominent 
Mason,  who  attained  to  the  thirty-second  degree  of  the  Scottish  rite, 
to  the  Knight  Templar  degree  in  the  coniniandery,  and  also  was  a 
member  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  A  patron  of  art  and  literature,  he  be- 
came a  charter  member  and  director  of  the  Chicago  Art  Club.  He 
had  a  great  appreciation  for  beauty  in  any  of  its  forms,  especially  as 
manifest  in  different  phases  of  nature,  and  he  delighted  in  the  scenic 
attractions  both  of  the  old  world  and  the  new. 

In  1879  Mr.  Stewart  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Nellie 
A.  Pullman,  of  Chicago,  a  daughter  of  Albert  B.  and  Emily  A.  (Ben- 
nett) Pullman,  the  former  vice  president  of  the  Pullman  Car  Com- 
pany. They  became  parents  of  two  daughters:  Helen  Pullman,  now 
the  wife  of  Dr.  Philip  Schuyler  Doane;  and  Mercedes  Graeme  Stew- 
art, who,  with  her  mother,  resides  at  the  family  home  at  No.  181  Lin- 
coln Park  Boulevard,  while  their  summer  residence  is  at  Winnetka. 
Mrs.  Stewart  has  long  been  an  active  member  of  the  St.  Paul's  Uni- 
versalist  church  and  has  always  been  prominent  in  charitable  and  ben- 
evolent work.  For  the  past  twenty  years  -she  has  served  as  a  director 
of  the  Chicago  Orphan  Asylum,  succeeding  her  mother  as  a  partici- 
pant in  the  management  and  the  advancement  of  that  charity.  She 
has  likewise  been  identified  with  the  Illinois  Industrial  Training 
School  for  Girls,  and  was  closely  associated  with  her  husband  in  their 
labors  for  furthering  useful,  helpful  and  elevating  institutions.  Mr. 
Stewart  was  pre-eminently  a  man  of  domestic  tastes  who,  though  a 
most  active  factor  in  the  political,  social  and  business  life  of  the  city, 
ever  found  that  his  strongest  interests  centered  in  his  home  and  de- 
rived his  greatest  happiness  in  promoting  the  welfare  of  his  wife  and 
children.  Death  came  to  him  with  comparative  suddenness.  He  was 
stricken  when  attending  a  banquet  of  the  Banker's  Club  in  the  Audi- 
torium Hotel  and  about  a  month  later  (June  27,  1905)  passed  away. 
The  funeral  services  were  among  the  most  imposing  of  this  character 
ever  held  in  Chicago,  and  to  no  other  has  there  been  accorded  the 
honor  of  allowing  the  funeral,  cortege  to  pass  through  Lincoln  park. 
Every  society  and  organization  with  which  he  was  connected  passed 
resolutions  of  respect  and  sympathy  and  was  represented  at  the  fun- 
eral services  held  in  the  Fourth  Presbyterian  church.  Perhaps  no 
better  estimate  of  the  life  and  character  of  Mr.  Stewart  can  be  given 
than  in  the  expression  of  the  resolutions  passed  in  a  meeting  of  the 


9J  jG293B 


6oo  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Republican  County  Central  committee  and  introduced  by  Mayor 
Busse.  It  read :  "Graeme  Stewart  has  been  called  from  our  midst 
by  the  hand  of  death.  In  the  full  flush  of  his  manhood  he  died  hon- 
ored and  beloved  by  the  people  of  Chicago.  He  had  a  strong  hold 
upon  the  hearts  of  its  citizens.  He  was  admired  for  his  manly  quali- 
ties and  gentlemanly  conduct,  for  his  political  sagacity,  for  his  knowl- 
edge of  public  affairs,  for  his  fidelity  to  every  trust  imposed  upon  him. 
Gifted  in  a  rare  degree  with  kindliness  of  manner  and  a  dignity  of 
personal  presence  without  austerity,  he  made  lasting  friendships  with 
all  classes.  He  believed  in  the  majesty  of  the  common  people.  He 
had  full  faith  in  the  outcome  of  American  citizenship.  He  was  full  of 
pride  for  his  city,  for  the  state  and  for  the  nation.  He  sounded  their 
praises  everywhere.  He  believed  that  the  indomitable  spirit  of  Chi- 
cago could  overcome  internal  disorder,  as  well  as  outrival  any  opposi- 
tion. He  did  not  frown  upon  her  because  of  her  admitted  faults,  but 
he  gloried  in  her  achievements.  Where  others  faltered,  he  led.  Where 
others  were  weak  he  was  strong.  He  was  resolute  and  independent. 
Opposition  but  renewed  his  vigor.  His  confidence  in  the  future  of 
Chicago  was  sublime;  whether  as  private  citizen,  merchant,  member 
of  the  board  of  education  or  national  committeeman  of  his  party  for 
the  state  of  Illinois,  he  was  devoted  to  the  welfare  of  the  public.  He 
brought  ripened  judgment,  physical  strength,  mental  vigor,  a  large 
heart  and  unfailing  kindness  to  the  solution  of  every  problem  which 
confronted  him.  In  private  life  he  was  irreproachable.  He  represent- 
ed Chicago  with  hospitality,  grace  and  tact  in  all  his  public  acts.  His 
life  has  passed  away,  but  his  memory  will  remain  so  long  as  Chicago 
has  a  history.  His  body  will  be  laid  away  with  devoted  tenderness, 
but  his  face  and  memory  will  remain  freshly  engraved  in  the  hearts 
of  a  loving  people." 

In  his  funeral  sermon  Dr.  Curtis  said,  in  part :  "Mr.  Stewart 
was  not  alone  a  citizen  of  Chicago ;  he  was  more.  He  was  at  once  a 
fine  product  and  a  worthy  representative  of  the  best  forces  that  have 
made  our  city  what  it  is.  Born  of  good,  sturdy  Scotch  Presbyterian 
stock  nearly  fifty-two  years  ago,  in  what  is  now  the  business  center  of 
our  metropolis,  inheriting  a  splendid  physique,  a  clear,  strong  mind, 
and  a  moral  and  religious  training  that  made  for  righteousness,  he 
grew  up  to  manhood's  estate  under  conditions  which  helped  to  make 
him  a  typical  western  man — energetic,  eager,   earnest,   enthusiastic, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  601 

warm  hearted,  broad  minded,  ready  to  attempt  to  do  large  things  in  a 
large  way.  There  was  nothing  small  about  the  man  either  physically 
or  morally.  He  was  cast  in  a  large  and  generous  mold.  Like  many 
of  our  foremost  citizens  he  made  his  way  to  an  assured  business  suc- 
cess by  untiring  diligence,  patient  industry,  sterling  integrity,  and 
steadfast,  unswerving  purpose.  His  business  methods  were  above  re- 
proach. Thrown  into  the  midst  of  the  intense  competition  of  the 
western  commercial  world,  Graeme  Stewart  never  stooped  to  mean- 
ness, unfairness,  trickery  or  deceit.  He  had  high  ideals  of  business 
honor  and  held  to  those  ideals.  He  scorned  the  touch  of  tainted 
money,  and  there  was  nothing  in  him  in  which  graft  of  any  kind  could 
make  appeal.  The  strong,  high-minded  business  men  of  this  city 
have  been  quick  to  admire  his  work,  and  to  admit  him  into  the  noble 
brotherhood  of  those  who  put  conscience  above  gain,  honor  above 
oelf.  But  Mr.  Stewart  was  not  a  man  to  be  content  with  the  attain- 
ment of  success  in  the  commercial  life  of  this  city.  The  walls  of  his 
counting  house  did  not  and  could  not  mark  the  boundaries  of  his 
visions,  his  interests,  his  affections,  his  purpose.  The  old  saying  of 
the  Latins  was  true  to  him — 'Nothing  human  was  alien  to  his  thought.' 
He  could  not  degenerate  into  a  mere  business  machine.  Llome, 
friends,  the  public  weal,  good  government,  the  larger  interests  of 
humanity,  education,  charity,  morality,  religion — all  these  found  gen- 
erous welcome  in  his  heart  and  life.  Mr.  Stewart  was  by  nature  a 
friendly  man,  a  man  who  made  friends,  who  held  them,  was  loyal  to 
them  at  whatever  cost.  His  was  a  genial  personality,  whole  souled, 
generous  to  a  fault.  His  friendships  were  marked  by  no  boundaries 
of  party  or  of  creed.  He  honored  manhood,  fidelity,  courage,  high 
principle,  and  when  he  found  men  to  his  liking  he  gave  them  his 
confidence,  his  love,  his  steadfast  loyalty.  Mr.  Stewart  was  a  man 
of  public  spirit  devoted  to  the  public  good.  The  familiar  saying  of 
the  great  apostle,  'None  of  us  liveth  to  himself,'  was  the  working 
creed  of  his  life.  Freely,  gladly,  without  stint,  without  money  and 
without  price,  he  gave  himself  to  matters  of  public  moment,  whether 
they  affected  the  interests  of  city,  state  or  nation.  He  loved  Chicago 
as  a  son  loves  the  mother  who  bore  him.  Born  and  brought  up  in 
this  city,  receiving  his  early  training  in  the  public  schools,  he  was 
deeply  interested  in  promoting  the  efficiency  of  our  admirable  public- 
school  system,  and  while  yet  a  young  man  served  si.x  years  as  a  mem- 


6o2  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ber  of  the  board  of  education.  He  believed  it  to  be  the  duty  of  the 
business  man  to  labor  and  to  sacrifice  for  the  cause  of  good  govern- 
ment and,  therefore,  he  entered  the  field  of  politics,  sparing  himself  no 
effort,  working  day  and  night  for  the  triumph  of  the  party  and  the 
policy  to  which  he  had  sworn  allegiance.  He  believed  it  possible  to 
have  a  clean,  honest  business  administration  of  the  affairs  of  a  great 
city,  and  few  even  among  those  who  opposed  him  at  the  polls  doubt 
but  that,  had  he  been  elevated  to  the  mayoralty  of  Chicago,  he  would 
have  discharged  the  duties  of  that  high  office  with  credit  to  himself 
and  honor  to  the  city  that  gave  him  birth.  It  is  to  the  credit  of  this 
man  who  has  now  gone  from  us  that  even  in  the  heat  of  a  sharp  and 
bitter  political  contest  nothing  was  said  that  reflected  on  his  capacity, 
his  honesty,  his  honor.  He  loved  politics  and  no  doubt  had  his  politi- 
cal ambitions,  but  only  as  a  means  to  an  end,  and  that  end  the  promo- 
tion of  the  public  weal.  Many  of  you  doubtless  remember  his  last 
public  service  in  securing  for  our  vicinity  the  location  of  the  naval 
training  school.  The  energy,  the  enthusiasm,  the  steadfast  persistence 
he  threw  into  that  strenuous  eft'ort  were  characteristic  of  the  man.  He 
was  determined  to  succeed,  and  he  did  succeed.  It  was  the  multiplicity 
of  these  outside  activities  which  doubtless  caused  the  shortening  of  his 
life.  He  burned  the  candle  at  both  ends.  In  matters  of  charity  and 
philanthrophy  he  had  an  open  heart  and  an  open  purse.  Many  there 
are  among  the  poor  and  lowly  who  share  the  sor!row  of  this  hour  as 
they  remember  his  kindly  sympathy  and  help.  He  did  not,  he  could 
not,  forget  the  words  of  his  own  Scotch  poet,  'A  man's  a  man  for  a' 
that,  for  a'  that.'  In  him  there  was  nothing  of  snobbery,  nothing  of 
that  foolish  pride  that  is  too  often  born  of  worldly  success.  To  those 
who  knew  him  best  it  was  evident  that  he  was  a  man  of  high  moral 
standard,  a  man  who  lived  and  loved  a  clean  life.  His  sympathy,  his 
support,  he  gave  to  everything  that  makes  for  righteousness.  Reared 
in  the  old  faith  of  his  fathers,  that  faith  which  makes  so  much  of  the 
sovereignty  of  God  and  the  supremacy  of  duty,  he  never  lost  its  sub- 
stance although  he  did  not  outwardly  profess  its  form.  He  was  broad- 
ly Christian  in  the  spirit  and  purpose  of  his  life." 

No  man  in  public  life  perhaps  has  had  so  few  enemies.  Even  those 
who  opposed  him  politically  entertained  for  him  the  warmest  personal 
regard  and  admiration.  It  was  said  that  he  never  forgot  a  friend — 
the  playmates  of  his  boyhood,  the  associates  of  his  early  manhood, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  603 

those  with  whom  he  labored  in  municipal  circles,  in  commercial  life, 
or  with  whom  he  was  connected  in  shaping  national  politics,  were 
alike  remembered  through  all  the  years,  with  their  added  responsibili- 
ties and  honors.  His  life  record  finds  embodiment  in  the  words  of 
Pope : 

"Statesman,  yet  friend  to  truth ;  of  soul   sincere 
In  action  faithful  and  in  honor  clear; 
Who  broke  no  promise,  served  no  private  end, 
Who  gained  no  title  and  who  lost  no  friend." 

Thomas  A.  Moran  was  born  in  Bridgeport,  Connecticut,  of  Irish 
parents,  on  October  y,  1839,  and  died  November  18,  1904. 

'  In  1846,  at  the  age  of  seven  years,  with  his  par- 

ents, he  came  west  to  Kenosha  county,  Wisconsin, 
Moran.  ,  .,  ,  .  ,-",,. 

where  until  he  was  nmeteen  years  of  age,  he  lived 

with  them,  worked  on  the  farm,  attended  school  in  the  winter,  sub- 
sequently teaching  a  country  school.  At  the  age  of  twenty  he  became 
a  student  of  law  at  Kenosha  and  was  admitted  to  the  practice  of  law 
in'1865,  after  being  graduated  from  the  Albany  Law  School,  of  Al- 
bany, New  York. 

In  November,  1865,  he  came  to  Chicago  and  founded  the  firm  of 
Schiff  and  Moran.  Later  he  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Moran 
and  English,  subsequently,  Moran,  English  and  Wolff.  In  1879  ^e 
was  elected  judge  of  the  Circuit  Court  of  Cook  county,  being  the  first 
Irish- American  ever  elected  to  the  Cook  county  bench.  In  1885  he 
was  re-elected  to  the  Circuit  bench,  and  in  1891  he  was  again  re-elect- 
ed. In  1886  he  was  assigned  to  the  Appellate  Court  for  the  First  Dis- 
trict of  Illinois,  from  which  position  he  resigned  in  1892  to  take  up 
the  practice  of  law  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Moran,  Kraus,  Mayer 
and  Stein,  later  Moran,  Mayer  and  Meyer.  He  was  dean  of  the  Chi- 
cago College  of  Law  for  several  years,  and  gave  lectures  there  on 
the  practice  of  the  law. 

Many  of  his  opinions  while  on  the  Appellate  bench,  were  adopted 
verbatim  by  the  Illinois  Supreme  Court.  On  one  occasion  he  refused 
to  follow  an  opinion  of  Justice  Harlan,  of  the  United  States  Supreme 
Court,  and  was  sustained  in  his  rulings.  This  was  in  a  dispute  over 
the  Insolvent  Debtors"*  act.     He  argued  for  the  constitutionality  of  the 


6o4  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Illinois  Inheritance  Tax  before  the  United  States  Supreme  Court  in 
1898,  and  was  sustained. 

Very  early  in  life  he  took  an  active  part  in  politics,  campaigning 
for  Stephen  A.  Douglas  in  Wisconsin,  in  i860.  In  1896,  the  Demo- 
cratic party  having  declared  for  free  silver,  he  became  a  delegate  to 
the  Gold  Democratic  conference  in  Indianapolis.  His  activity  in 
politics  was,  however,  confined  to  the  discussion  from  the  rostrum 
of  the  broad  principles  around  which  are  centered  the  great  political 
parties,  and  even  from  this,  while  on  the  bench,  he  held  scrupulously 
aloof. 

The  above  are  but  meager  data  of  the  life  and  career  of  Thomas 
A.  Mo  ran.  The  hopes,  the  struggles,  the  sorrows,  the  triumphs  that 
accompanied  him,  as  with  eyes  fixed  and  mind  set  upon  the  goal  of 
life,  he  unfalteringly  strove,  from  height  to  height,  along  life's  stern 
and  rugged  road,  to  reach  it,  are  close-locked  in  the  heart  that  is  now 
forever  stilled.  Of  these  we  may  not  know,  save  as  they  were  re- 
vealed by  the  impress  made  by  them  upon  the  character  of  the  man. 
But  if  from  his  character  we  may  judge,  then  hope  was  always  strong 
and  bright  within  him,  and  always  fixed  beyond  the  things  that  were, 
upon  better  things  to  come;  and  he  had  his  struggles,  yes,  many  of 
them,  for  only  through  struggle  could  the  rugged,  stout-heartedness 
that  was  his,  have  been  acquired;  he  must  needs  have  been  acquainted 
with  sorrow,  too,  for  he  was  gentle  and  kind;  and  his  triumphs  were 
those  of  a  great  and  good  man,  who  has  beheld  the  fruition  of  his 
labors  in  the  honor  and  admiration,  and  the  respect  and  love  of  his 
fellowmen. 

As  a  lawyer.  Judge  Moran  had  in  him  that  rare  combination  of 
qualities  that  approached  quite  the  ideal  in  that  profession,  and  insures 
success.  He  had  a  keen,  alert  and  vigorous  mind,  broad  and  com- 
prehensive in  its  grasp,  yet  masterful  and  careful  of  detail ;  and  with 
sure  precision,  he  went  straight  to  the  heart  of  the  proposition  sub- 
mitted to  him,  and  seldom  did  he  err  in  his  judgment. 

He  was  always  a  close  student  and  a  tireless  worker.  He  kept 
pace  with  the  rapidly  moving  and  ever-widening  current  of  the  law, 
and  not  a  little  aided  in  the  true  development,  and  proper  application 
of  the  eternal  legal  principles,  to  the  changed  and  changing  conditions 
of  society  with  its  concomitant,  manifold  complexities  and  perplexi- 
ties.    His  own  clear  ideas,   accurate  judgment,   and  logical  deduc- 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY        oo; 


0 


tions,  were  in  argument  highly  supplemented  and  enforced  by  a  voice 
rich  and  eloquent  in  cadence,  a  manner  graceful,  pleasing  and  courte- 
ous, and  an  evident  earnestness  and  honesty  of  purpose,  that  carried 
conviction  to  his  hearers,  and  usually  brought  victory  to  his  side  of  the 
cause.  He  never  advised  a  client  until  he  was  sure  of  his  ground,  and 
then  his  judgment  was  given  impartially  in  accordance  with  his  view 
of  the  law  applicable  to  the  matter.  The  so-called  "tricks"  of  the  law- 
yer were  unknown  to  him,  or  of  him.  But  once  his  services  were  en- 
listed in  behalf  of  a  client,  his  great  powers  of  mind,  coupled  with  his 
wide  knowledge  of  the  law,  and  experience  in  its  practice,  and  his 
strong  personality,  were  applied  to  his  client's  cause  with  all  the  vigor 
and  earnestness,  diligence  and  devotion,  in  his  power. 

His  ability  as  a  lawyer  was  confirmed  while  he  was  on  the  bench, 
and  to  that  ability  the  published  reports  of  the  Appellate  and  Supreme 
Courts  of  the  State  of  Illinois  will  bear  lasting  witness.  As  a  judge 
he  was  singularly  careful  of  the  proprieties,  patient  and  painstaking, 
and  courteous  and  kind  to  all  appearing  before  him,  particularly  to 
the  young  attorney.  He  knew  neither  friends,  enemies  nor  strangers, 
the  one  dominant  idea  in  his  mind  being  the  proper  application  of  the 
law  to  the  case  in  hand.  He  was  fearless,  yet  cautious;  gentle  but 
firm;  and  in  the  proper  case  his  warm  Irish  heart  turned  the  scales 
of  justice  toward  the  side  where  Mercy  sat.  His  compensation  as  a 
judge  being  comparatively  small,  he  left  the  bench  the  better  to  pro- 
vide for  the  present  and  future  of  his  large  family,  leaving  a  record 
for  administration  of  the  law  that  is  creditable  alike  to  his  memory 
and  to  the  state  he  served. 

But  however  brilliant  the  lawyer,  or  the  jurist,  and  however  much 
these  terms  tend  to  obscure  the  man,  it  is,  after  all,  the  character  of 
the  man  that  gives  color  to  the  brilliance  of  either.  The  lofty,  noble 
character  of  Judge  Moran  made  possible  the  able  lawyer  and  jurist; 
yet  it  is  not  the  lawyer  or  jurists  whose  memory  we  revere,  but  the 
man. 

Men  of  strong  character  often  make  enemies;  Judge  Moran  was 
one  of  the  rare  exceptions.  If  he  had  any  enemies,  the  writer,  during 
the  many  years  of  his  acquaintance  with  him.  never  heard  of  them. 
His  was  one  of  the  most  lovable  characters  I  ever  knew.  Strong, 
gentle;  brave,  cautious;  relying,  yet  supporting;  wise  and  conservative 
in  counsel,  but  quick  in  action  when  he  believed  he  was  right,  the  "ele- 


6o6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ments"  were,  indeed,  well  "mixed  in  him."  Kind-hearted  and  charita- 
ble towards  all,  and  loyal  to  his  friends,  yet  enshrined  in  his  heart  as 
his  dearest  love  and  object  of  his  greatest  devotion  and  care,  were  his 
wife  and  family.  To  them  the  efforts  of  his  life  were  consecrated; 
from  them  he  drew  the  inspiration  that  fortified  his  stout  heart  in 
many  a  bitter  trial ;  in  them  he  saw  the  hope  of  reward  and  compensa- 
tion for  his  well  spent  hfe. 

He  was  withal  "a  gentle,  kindly,  manly  man." 
"We  shall  not  look  upon  his  like  again." 

(By  Adolf  Kraus.) 

John  Nelson  Jewett  was  for  many  years  one  of  the  leaders  of  the 
Chicago  bar.     He  was  a  member  of  it  for  nearly  fifty  years,  and  al- 

most  from  the  time  when  he  first  entered  upon  prac- 
T  "         tice  here,  occupied  a  leading  and  commanding:  posi- 

tion  in  his  profession.  He  was  born  October  8, 
1827,  at  Palmyra,  Maine,  spending  the  earlier  years  of  his  life  on  his 
father's  farm  near  that  place.  He  early  resolved  to  secure  an  educa- 
tion; and  to  that  end  studied  assiduously  during  the  leisure  afforded 
by  the  intervals  in  farm  work.  When  he  was  eighteen  his  father  came 
west,  establishing  his  home  near  Madison,  Wisconsin.  A  year  later 
the  son,  having  spent  part  of  that  time  in  teaching  in  a  private  school 
at  Madison,  entered  Bowdoin  as  a  sophomore. 

In  1850  he  graduated,  taking  his  degree  as  Bachelor  of  Arts,  and 
was  immediately  employed  as  one  of  the  principals  of  North  Yar- 
mouth Academy.  This  was  then  a  well  known  school  in  Maine.  At 
the  same  time  he  pursued  his  legal  studies ;  and  after  two  years  thus 
employed  returned  to  Wisconsin  and  entered  the  office  of  Collins  and 
Smith  at  Madison.  These  gentlemen  were  then  two  of  the  leading 
lawyers  of  the  state.  Judge  Collins  was  for  some  time  on  the  bench. 
Mr.  Smith  was  for  one  term  attorney-general  of  the  state,  and  elo- 
quent advocate  and  a  Democrat  high  in  the  councils  of  his  party  in 
the  state  and  the  nation.    They  have  both  been  dead  many  years. 

Mr.  Jewett  was  admitted  to  the  Wisconsin  bar  early  in  1853,^  and 
to  the  bar  of  Illinois  July  23rd  of  that  year,  when  he  removed  to 
Galena  and  began  practice  there. 

He  soon  afterwards  formed  a  partnership  with  Wellington  Weig- 
ley,  which  continued  during  most  of  the  time  he  lived  in  Galena. 


CHICAGO    ANP    COOK    COUNTY  607 

In  1856,  at  the  age  of  twenty-nine,  apparently  conscious  of  iiis  ma- 
turing- powers  and  seeking  a  wider  field  for  their  exercise,  he  decided 
to  come  to  Chicago;  and  this  city  then  became  his  home  and  the  scene 
of  his  varied  and  extended  professional  labors. 

He  was  first  associated  with  Hon.  Van  H.  Higgins.  for  many 
years  one  of  the  leading  lawyers  of  our  bar  and  for  some  time  a  mem- 
ber of  our  local  bench. 

In  1857  he  became  a  meml^er  of  the  firm  of  Scates,  Mc.Mlister, 
Jewett  and  Peabody,  probably  then  the  leading  firm  in  this  city. 
Judge  Scates  and  Judge  McAllister  were  both  on  the  Supreme  bench 
of  the  state  and  the  latter  afterwards  a  judge  of  our  Circuit  Court, 
where  he  made  a  most  enviable  reputation  as  a  learned,  fearless  and 
able  judge.  Mr.  Peabody  is  the  sole  survivor  of  this  firm  of  remark- 
able lawyers,  one  of  our  honored  citizens,  but  not  now  in  active  prac- 
tice. The  firm  became  afterwards,  by  various  changes,  McAllister, 
Jewett  and  Jackson ;  and  Jewett,  Jackson  and  Small.  At  a  later  period 
Mr.  Jewett  was  associated  with  Mr.  Charles  T.  Adams  under  the 
firm  name  of  Jewett  and  Adams.  Senator  William  E.  Mason  was 
also  with  him  for  a  time. 

Mr.  Jewett  married  Miss  Ellen  Rountree,  daughter  of  the  late 
Hon.  John  H.  Rountree  of  Platteville,  Wisconsin,  a  pioneer  of  that 
region,  for  many  years  a  member  of  the  \\'isconsin  senate  and  always 
prominent  in  the  public  affairs  of  that  state.  Mrs.  Jewett  is  a  most 
accomplished  woman  of  extensive  attainments  and  wide  culture ;  and 
the  beautiful  home  over  which  she  so  long  presided  has  always  been 
recognized  as  one  of  the  most  important  and  attractive  centers  of 
social  activity  and  higher  culture  in  our  community. 

Mr.  Jewett  had  two  sons,  Edward  Rountree  and  Samuel  Rountree, 
both  of  whom  became  lawyers  and  his  partners.  The  former  married 
Miss  Frances  Campbell.     He  died  in  Maine,  in  October,  1899. 

Mr.  Samuel  R.  Jewett,  the  younger  son,  married  Miss  Lucy  Mc- 
Cormick,  a  daughter  of  William  S.  McCormick,  and  has  always,  re- 
sided in  this  city.  He  is  not  now  actively  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession. 

Mr.  Jewett  died  of  organic  heart  disease,  Thursday  night.  Janu- 
ary 14,  1904,  at  his  home  in  Chicago,  No.  412  Dearborn  avenue. 

He  was  thus  for  nearly  fifty  years  a  member  of  the  bar  in  this  city. 
He  saw  it  grow  from  a  small  community  of  less  than  100,000  people 


6o8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

to  one  of  the  world's  greatest  cities  with  a  population  of  nearly  2,000- 
000. 

During  all  this  period  he  steadily  maintained  his  position  and  lead- 
ership in  the  very  front  rank  of  an  able  and  accomplished  bar. 

At  an  early  period  of  his  professional  career  he  was  fortunate 
in  securing  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  those  engaged  in  large  affairs ; 
and  this  he  always  retained.  No  interests  were  so  important  that 
those  concerned  with  their  management  hesitated  to  commit  them  to 
him,  when  the  occasion  arose,  either  for  counsel  or  the  assertion  or 
defense  of  their  rights  in  the  courts. 

So  it  may  be  safely  said  that  no  one  of  his  professional  contempo- 
raries was  concerned  in  such  a  number  and  variety  of  great  cases  in- 
volving large  property  interests  and  interesting  and  important  legal 
questions. 

In  the  conduct  of  such  hard-fought  and  sometimes  desperate  for- 
ensic battles  Mr.  Jewett's  methods  were  such  as  to  be  especially  com- 
mended to  the  consideration  of  the  profession.  He  was  a  hard,  pos- 
sibly some  might  say  sometimes,  a  bitter,  fighter.  But  his  methods 
were  honorable,  fair  and  open.  No  suspicion  of  sinister  or  devious 
efforts  to  secure  secret  or  undue  advantage  was  ever  harbored  by  his 
opponents.  He  realized  to  the  full  extent  the  standard  suggested  by 
Cockburn's  dictum: 

"The  arms  which  an  advocate  wields,  he  ought  to  use  as  a  war- 
rior and  not  as  an  assassin," 

Indeed  his  entire  professional  life  was  dominated  by  a  fixed  and 
stern  integrity  which  was  one  of  the  most  admirable,  as  it  was  the 
most  commanding,  trait  in  his  character. 

Mr.  Jewett  had  a  mind  that  was  severely  logical.  He  approached 
a  legal  question  as  a  mathematician  would  approach  a  problem  in 
mathematics.  To  him  it  was  something  to  be  reasoned  out  in  ac- 
cordance with  the  principles  of  the  law.  He  was  not,  therefore,  a 
"case  lawyer,"  to  borrow  a  phrase  somewhat  colloquial. 

He  was  a  man  of  singular  independence  of  mind  and  entirely  fear- 
less in  the  assertion  of  his  convictions.  And  when  it  became  his  duty 
to  criticise  judicial  decisions,  he  did  not  in  the  least  abate  these  quali- 
ties. He  vigorously  and  courageously  attacked  ignorance,  sophistry 
and  error,  whether  promulgated  from  the  bench  or  from  some  quarter 
less  calculated  to  secure  tacit  assent,  if  not  to  command  respect.     In 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNT^'  609 

this  he  rendered  a  service  invaluable  to  the  bench  and  bar  alike;  and 
his  courage  and  professional  independence  should  be  recorded  as 
among-  his  conspicuous  virtues. 

He  was,  within  the  limitations  already  indicated,  which  no  self- 
respecting  lawyer  can  legitimately  disregard,  absolutely  devoted  to 
his  client's  cause  and  indifferent  in  this  regard  to  all  merely  personal 
considerations. 

His  standards  and  professional  conduct  in  this  respect  were  en- 
tirely beyond  any  just  criticism;  and  indeed,  during  his  long  and 
active  career  at  the  bar  in  all  these  particulars  he  illustrated  the  best 
traditions  of  the  profession. 

Mr.  Jewett  never  participated  to  any  extent  in  criminal  practice, 
and  for  many  years  tried  but  few  cases  before  a  jury. 

It  was  in  his  arguments  to  a  court,  and  especially  a  court  of  last 
resort,  that  Mr.  Jewett  particularly  excelled.  Of  commanding  pres- 
ence, dignified  yet  courteous,  with  an  attractive  voice,  a  fine  and  dis- 
criminating literary  faculty,  and  never  appearing  without  thorough 
study  and  preparation,  his  arguments  were  always  impressive  and 
were  invariably  received  with  great  consideration.  His  industry  was 
unremitting  and  should  be  noted  as  one  of  his  marked  characteristics. 

His  efforts  in  the  domain  of  constitutional  law  were  especially 
noteworthy.  Were  I  to  select  any,  I  think,  perhaps,  I  should  name 
Munn  V.  Illinois,  94  U.  S.  113;  Illinois  Central  R.  R.  Co.  v.  State. 
146  U.  S.  387;  Counselman  v.  Hitchcock,  142  U.  S.  547,  as  among 
the  most  striking  and  important  cases  in  which  he  was  concerned.  The 
first  involved  the  right  of  the  state  of  Illinois  to  regulate  the  charges 
of  elevator  proprietors,  and  was  a  pioneer  case  in  this  department  of 
the  law;  the  second  was  the  familiar  Lake  Front  case;  the  third  was  a 
case  where  Mr.  Jewett  successfully  invoked  the  protection  of  the  Fifth 
Amendment  to  the  Federal  Constitution  for  a  client  whom  the  authori- 
ties sought  to  compel  to  give  evidence  against  himself.  They  are  all 
instructive  and  leading  cases  in  American  constitutional  law.  antl  will 
long  be  studied  by  the  profession  in  the  consideration  of  the  great 
questions  to  which  they  relate. 

In  all  of  these  cases  Mr.  Jewett  bore  a  responsible  and  conspicuous 
part,  and  his  arguments  were  entirely  worthy,  not  only  of  the  great 
court  to  which  they  were  addressed,  but  of  the  important  questions 
involved. 

Vol.    II— 8 


6io  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Jewett  was  not  a  politician  nor  an  office  seeker.  He  served 
one  term  in  the  state  senate  many  years  ago,  beginning  in  January, 
1 87 1.  He  belonged  to  that  rapidly  diminishing  class  of  men  who  be- 
lieve that  the  office  should  seek  the  man  and  not  the  man  the  office, 
that  the  convention  should  select  the  candidate,  not  the  candidate  se- 
lect the  members  of  the  convention. 

It  is  one  of  the  misfortunes  of  modern  politics  and  American  gov- 
ernment that,  with  occasional  exceptions,  sufficiently  numerous  to 
prove  but  not  to  overthrow  the  rule,  men  of  the  first  order  of  ability 
do  not  get  into  the  public  service.  The  leaders  of  the  bar  are  not  al- 
ways found  upon  the  bench.  Our  great  lawyers,  merchants,  financiers 
and  manufacturers,  are  infrequently  found  in  public  office;  and  it 
seems  as  if  the  national,  state  and  municipal  governments  were  all, 
by  the  operation  of  some  mysterious  law  of  politics,  commonly  de- 
prived of  the  services  of  the  ablest  men;  men  who  in  their  personal 
affairs  display  the  most  varied  and  conspicuous  talents. 

Mr.  Jewett  would  have  adorned  almost  any  station  in  public  life. 
On  several  occasions,  but  not  upon  his  own  motion,  his  name  was 
suggested  by  those  high  in  official  position  for  important  and  national 
place.  But  the  strange  law  to  which  I  have  referred  seemed  in  every 
instance  to  operate  to  his  exclusion  from  public  life.  Possibly  it  is 
true  that  his  interests  were  more  strictly  professional  than  public  and 
general.  It  is  certain  that  in  all  matters  touching  the  honor  and  dig- 
nity of  the  profession  his  interest  was  keen  and  active ;  and  that  to  the 
diligent  pursuit  of  that  profession  he  devoted  all  his  energies  and  tal- 
ents with  a  fidelity  that  was  undeviating. 

He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association.  A 
number  of  the  lawyers  of  this  city  met  at  the  rooms  of  the  Chicago 
Law  College  in  November,  1873,  ^^^  signed  a  paper  agreeing  to  unite 
in  forming  such  an  association.  Mr.  Jewett's  name  was  first  in  the  list 
of  signers,  a  fact  which  speaks  much  for  the  regard  and  esteem  in 
which  he  was  held  by  his  professional  brethren  at  that  time;  for  this 
sentiment  induced  the  promoters  of  this  important  enterprise  to  regard 
his  name  as  one  of  all  others  to  head  such  a  movement.  He  was  the 
fourth  president  of  the  association,  serving  one  term  in  1877. 

Mr.  Jewett  was  in  a  high  degree  conservative.  He  stood  "fast 
upon  the  ancient  ways"  and  deprecated  hasty  and  ill-considered 
changes  in  the  law  or  its  administration.     Possibly  he  felt  a  little  too 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  oix 

much  impatience  with  that  spirit  of  social  restlessness  which  seems  to 
be  more  keenly  alive  to  existing  evils,  than  fertile  in  the  suggestion 
of  practicable  remedies  for  their  correction. 

He  was  interested  in  legal  education,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death 
was,  as  he  had  been  from  its  foundation,  the  dean  of  the  John  Mar- 
shall Law  School  of  this  city.  He  was  also  and  for  some  time  had 
been  president  of  the  Chicago  Historical  Society. 

To  those  of  us  who  knew  him  well,  what  has  thus  been  written 
seems  to  portray  but  faintly  the  great  lawyer  who  for  so  long  has  been 
such  a  familiar  figm'e-  in  our  professional  life.  The  writer  feels  how 
true  it  is  that  the  name  and  fame  of  such  are  so  quickly  forgot.  How 
impossible  it  is,  even  in  the  profession,  to  keep  alive  the  memory  of 
those  whose  professional  labors  have  adorned  the  bar  and  often  pro- 
moted and  advanced,  in  no  small  degree,  the  interests  of  the  state. 

Within  the  last  twenty  years  a  striking  change  has  taken  place 
in  the  Chicago  bar.  Scarce  one,  of  those  then  its  recognized  leaders,  re- 
mains to  us.  The  last  to  leave  us,  by  no  means  the  least  conspicuous, 
indeed,  perhaps  the  most  familiar,  was  Mr.  Jewett.  His  place  will 
never  be  filled;  for  today  is  not  as  yesterday.  Chicago  has  passed 
from  its  pioneer  stage,  and  those  who  were  its  pioneers  at  the  bar 
are  nearly  all  gone. 

However  well  those  who  come  after  them  meet  their  duties  and 
responsibilities,  they  can  never  occupy  the  same  relation  to  the  profes- 
sion and  the  community  which  these,  our  predecessors,  sustained. 

Mr.  Jewett  led  an  active,  busy  and  useful  life,  intimately  concerned 
with  the  growth  and  development  of  our  city  when  it  was  emerging 
from  the  condition  of  a  small,  almost  rural  community,  into  that  of  a 
mighty  metropolis. 

His  professional  associates  will  always  remember  him  not  only  as 
a  great  lawyer,  but  as  a  high  type  of  all  those  qualities  which  have 
contributed  to  the  traditional  glories  of  a  learned  and  noble  pro- 
fession. 

(By  S.  S.  Gregory.) 

John  H.  Hamline  died  February  14,  1904,  at  his  home  in  the  city 
of  Chicago.     To  portray  what  manner  of  citizen  he  was,  how  impor- 
tant his  services  to  the  city  and  the  state  and  how 
OHN      .         ^i^j^^  ^^^j  honorably  he  followed  the  profession  of  the 
law,  needs  no  friendly  hand.     They  are  matters  of 


6i2  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

public  knowledge.  Singularly  free  from  self-seeking,  desiring  public 
recognition  only  as  a  lawyer,  shaping  his  conduct  by  conscience  re- 
gardless of  public  favor,  he  so  impressed  himself  upon  the  community 
as  to  be  recognized  not  only  as  a  worthy  leader  of  public  opinion,  but 
as  one  who  sought  the  city's  welfare  with  such  unselfish  zeal,  intelli- 
gent tenacity  and  grim  determination,  as  to  give  him  a  peculiar  and 
almost  unique  distinction.  The  convincing  proof  of  such  recognition 
followed  immediately  upon  the  announcement  of  his  death.  In  the 
expressions  concerning  him  in  public  addresses,  in  private  conversa- 
tions, and  on  editorial  pages,  there  was  no  conventional  tribute,  but 
rather  a  general  avowal  of  sorrow  in  the  passing  of  a  strong  man,  who 
gave  his  exceptional  strength  ungrudgingly,  bravely  and  effectively  to 
the  service  of  his  city. 

It  is  inevitable  that  the  thoughts  of  one  undertaking  a  memorial 
of  John  Hamline  should  incline  first  to  him  in  his  capacity  as  a  citizen. 
Though  he  was  an  able  and  successful  lawyer,  it  was  as  a  citizen  that 
he  attained  his  pre-eminent  place  in  the  life  of  the  community;  and 
it  is  chiefly  because  he  was  a  rare  example  of  what  a  citizen  of  a 
republic  should  be  that  his  memory  deserves  public  record.  Indeed, 
he  consciously  subordinated  Hamline  the  lawyer  to  Hamline  the  citi- 
zen, and  paid  every  debt  which  he  conceived  he  owed  to  the  state  at 
whatever  cost  to  his  success  in  his  profession. 

If  he  had  no  other  claim  to  be  remembered  than  as  a  lawyer,  his 
career  would  have  been  a  notable  one.  He  not  only  practiced  law  suc- 
cessfully, and  in  accordance  with  the  best  traditions  of  the  profession, 
but  he  bore  a  conspicuous  part  in  maintaining  the  highest  standards  of 
the  bar  and  in  improving  the  methods  and  personnel  of  the  courts. 

Had  he  not  been  a  great  citizen — for  such  he  was — nor  able  law- 
yer, nor  having  any  title  to  public  reputation,  he  would  have  been  held 
in  loving  memory  by  those  who  knew  him  well,  for  his  rare  qualities 
as  friend  and  companion.  He  met  and  satisfied  all  the  demands  of 
the  intimate  and  familiar  relations  of  life.  And  those  who  knew  him 
best  held  him  in  a  respect  which  bordered  on  reverence. 

It  is  therefore  to  John  H.  Hamline  in  his  relations  as  citizen,  law- 
yer and  friend  that  this  brief  article  will  be  devoted. 

His  life  was  a  very  full,  but  not  an  exceptionally  eventful  one. 

Mr.  Hamline  was  born  in  Hillsdale,  New  York,  the  23rd  of  March, 
1856.      In  his  early  infancy  his  parents  removed  to   Mt.    Pleasant, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  613 

Iowa.      His  father  was  Leonidas  P.   Hamline,   a  physician,  and  his 
grandfather  was  L.  L.  HaniHnc,  a  bishop  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
Church.     In  1865  Dr.  HamHne  removed  with  his  family  to  Evanston, 
Illinois,  where  John  H.  Hamline  spent  his  youth,  attending  the  public 
schools  and  the  Northwestern  University,  from  which  he  was  grad- 
uated in  the  year  1875,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.     In  col- 
lege he  displayed  the  same  (|ualities  of  leadership  which  distinguished 
him  in  after  life.     After  two  years  of  study  at  Columbia  Law  School, 
New  York,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  the  year  1877,  he  took  his 
examinations   for  the   bar   in    Illinois,   was  admitted   September    14, 
1877,  '^^"^^  immediately  entered  upon  the  practice  of  law  at  Chicago, 
and  pursued  it  in  this  city  until  his  death.     His  home  was  still  in 
Evanston,  of  which  village  he  was  elected  corporation  counsel  in  1880, 
an  office  w^hich  he  held  until  1884.     Thus  early  in  his  practice  his  at- 
tention was  closely  and  practically  drawn  to  municipal  and  constitu- 
tional law,  and  he  acquired  an  extensive  and  thorough  grounding  in 
those  branches  of  which  he  made  effective  use  in  later  years.     He 
prepared  for  the  village  a  complete  municipal  code,  which  was  pub- 
lished in   1882.     About    1885,  he  removed  to   1621    Prairie  avenue, 
which  continued  to  be  his  home  for  the  remainder  of  his  life.     In 
October,   1886,  he  entered  into  partnership  with  Frank  H.  Scott,  a 
friend  from  infancy,  under  the  firm  name  of  Hamline  &  Scott.     Sub- 
sequently Frank  E.  Lord  became  a  member  of  the  firm,  and  in  1889 
the  name  was  changed  to  Hamline,  Scott  &  Lord,  and  continued  so 
until  Mr.  Hamline's  death,  Redmond  D.  Stephens  becoming  a  mem- 
ber of  it  in  1902.     Mr.  Hamline  was  elected  in  1887,  and  served  one 
term  as  a  member  of  the  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  Chicago, 
and  by  his  vigorous  and  courageous  discharge  of  the  duties  of  that 
office,  challenged  the  attention  of  the  community.     The  principle  of 
enforcing  compensation   for  municipal   franchises  was  advocated   in 
the  city  council  by  him  for  the  first  time.    Thenceforth,  though  taking 
an  active  part  in  public  affairs,  he  never  held,  nor  was  a  candidate  for 
any  political  office.     He  was  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  Associa- 
tion, the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  to  the  presidency  of  which  he  was 
elected  in  1891,  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association,  of  which  he  was 
president  in  1896-7,  and  of  many  clubs  and  societies.     In  1895  he  was 
chosen  president  of  the  Union  League  Club,  and  he  also  served  a  term 
as  president  of  the  Chicago  Law  Club. 


6i4  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Hamline  was  married  to  Josephine  Mead,  who  survives  him, 
Of  this  marriage  five  children  were  born,  of  whom  three  died  in  child- 
hood. There  survived  him  his  daughter,  Josephine  Hamline,  aged 
fifteen  years,  and  his  son,  John  H.  Hamline,  Jr.,  six  years  of  age. 

John  H.  Hamline's  zeal  in  the  cause  of  good  government  was 
manifested  at  his  entrance  upon  manhood,  and  continued  without  in- 
termission until  his  death.  To  understand  his  title  to  the  distinction 
of  a  great  citizen  it  is  necessary  to  know,  not  so  much  what  he  did, 
and  what  he  undertook  to  do,  a?  the  motives  which  actuated  him,  and 
the  completeness  with  which  they  controlled  his  conduct.  In  his  con- 
ception of  the  duty  of  the  citizen  to  the  state,  and  in  his  rare  fidelity 
in  the  discharge  of  that  duty,  his  right  to  that  title  is  to  be  found.  He 
was  a  firm  believer  in  democracy — in  popular  self-government  in  its 
broadest  sense.  His  faith  in  it  was  the  faith  of  the  fathers  touched 
by  an  almost  religious  fervor.  It  was  not  a  profession,  an  abstract 
theory,  held  lightly  in  so  far  as  involving  obligation,  but  as  vital  as 
the  beating  of  his  heart.  It  shaped  the  course  and  conduct  of  his  life. 
The  key  to  his  entire  career  of  public  activity  is  to  be  found  in  his 
recognition  of  the  necessity  that  each  citizen  must  perform  his  part  in 
governing,  in  order  that  there  shall  be  true  popular  government — and 
his  unqualified  acceptance  of  the  duties  which  that  necessity  imposed 
on  him  individually.  In  this  sense  of  obligation  alone  is  the  explana- 
tion of  the  large  part  which  John  Hamline  took  in  the  affairs  of  the 
city  and  state  for  nearly  twenty-five  years.  He  had  no  political  ambi- 
tions, but  very  great  ambitions  in  his  profession;  and  he  fully  under- 
stood that  his  activity  in  public  affairs  was  an  impediment  to  his  reali- 
zation of  these  latter.  Yet  his  own  interests  did  not  enter  into  his 
public  activities,  except  as  things  to  be  denied.  Frequently  his  stand 
on  public  questions  cost  him  valued  clients.  For  this  there  was  no 
compensation  in  the  prominence  given  him  as  a  reformer,  for  such  a 
role  had  no  attractions  for  him  whatever.  He  was  at  times  misunder- 
stood and  subjected  to  bitter  criticism.  Though  in  the  midst  of  con- 
troversy he  preserved  a  grim  exterior,  yet  in  fact  he  was  keenly  sensi- 
tive and  suffered  much  under  such  attacks.  But  neither  loss  of  clients, 
alienation  of  friends  nor  stinging  criticism  could  turn  him  aside  from 
the  performance  of  that  which  he  saw  as  his  duty  to  the  community. 
Nor  did  he  ever,  under  any  provocation,  allow  himself  to  swerve  from 
the  pursuit  of  the  object  he  had  in  view,  to  make  a  personal  defense. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  615 

He  did  not  bare  his  wounds  lo  the  pubh'c.  nor  suppose  that  injustice 
done  him  was  a  matter  of  any  concern  to  it ;  nor  would  he  permit  a 
battle  for  a  measure  to  become  a  contest  of  personalities  between  men. 
But  once,  and  that  in  the  last  days  of  his  life,  did  he  by  any  public 
expression  show  how  much  he  suffered  under  criticism.  In  the  lines 
imprinted  on  the  first  page  of  his  pamphlet  on  the  "Mueller  Bill"  he 
gave  the  key  to  his  life : 

"Oh  Neptune,  you  may  save  me  if  you  will;  you  may  sink  me  if 
you  will,  but  whatever  happens,  1  shall  keep  my  rudder  true." 

Mr.  Hamline's  title  to  be  called  a  great  citizen  rests  not  alone  on 
his  recognition  and  acceptance  of  the  duties  of  citizenship  at  whatever 
cost  to  himself,  but  as  well  on  the  practical  efficiency  with  which  he 
discharged  them.  Taking  into  account  not  merely  disposition  toward 
public  affairs,  nor  ability  nor  energy,  nor  years  of  unselfish  public 
service,  nor  results  achieved,  but  all  of  these  combined,  it  may  safely 
be  asserted  that  in  the  past  twenty  years  Chicago  has  had  no  better 
citizen.  For  himself  he  claimed  nothing,  freely  giving  credit  to  others 
for  the  fruits  of  his  own  efforts.  He  was  concerned  only  in  effecting 
results,  and  not  at  all  as  to  where  credit  should  be  bestowed. 

In  order  to  correctly  measure  his  qualities  and  efficiency  as  a 
citizen,  it  is  also  necessary  to  understand  and  to  take  into  account  the 
fact  that  the  determined  efforts  which  he  put  forth  from  time  to  time 
as  a  speaker  and  leader  in  the  cause  of  good  government,  and  which 
were  known  to  the  public,  were  but  the  occasional  expressions  of  an 
unflagging  devotion  to  his  civic  duties,  which  manifested  itself  in  his 
daily  life,  in  as  conscientious  performance  of  them  as  he  gave  to  his 
obligations  to  his  clients.  His  was  that  every  day  patriotism  which 
concerns  itself  consistently  and  continuously  with,  and  discharges  faith- 
fully, the  duty  nearest  at  hand,  whether  great  or  small. 

His  efforts  in  behalf  of  reforms  in  government  were  marked  by 
dogged  persistence,  intensely  practical  methods  and  the  exhibition  of 
a  keen  knowledge  of  human  nature.  Possibly  no  better  example  can 
be  cited  than  his  connection  with  the  movement  for  a  reform  of  the 
civil  service,  for  in  this  his  earliest  as  well  as  his  latest  public  activities 
were  engaged,  and  through  the  intervening  years  his  efforts  in  its 
behalf  were  constant.  The  first  formal  attempt  to  secure  specific  legis- 
lation for  Chicago,  in  this  direction,  was  an  ordinance  introduced  by 
him  in  the  city  council  in  the  year  1887.     Though  in  those  days  civil 


6i6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

service  reform  was  sneered  at  by  politicians,  and  its  necessity  was  not 
yet  understood  by  the  great  body  of  well-meaning  citizens,  the  pro- 
posed ordinance  barely  failed  of  enactment  by  a  corrupt,  spoils-seeking 
council.  The  incident  is  significant  in  that  it  was  an  early  illustration 
of  Hamline's  effectiveness — manifested  often  afterward — in  dealing 
in  the  public  interest  with  men  whose  points  of  view  were  wholly  an- 
tagonistic to  his  own.  There  was  a  simple,  direct,  virile,  human 
quality  in  him  that  took  hold  on  those  with  whom  he  came  in  contact. 
He  did  not  respect  caste,  nor  condition,  but  approached  men  of  every 
shade  of  character  on  the  basis  of  common  manhood,  and  the  men 
whose  practices  he  fought,  believed  in  and  respected  him.  And  this 
fact  made  it  possible  for  him  to  render  signal  service  to  the  public,  on 
many  occasions  of  which  the  public  does  not  know. 

In  the  )^ear  1894  the  mayor  of  Chicago  appointed  a  board  of 
three  members,  of  whom  Mr.  Hamline  was  one,  to  introduce  the 
merit  system  in  the  administration  of  the  police  department.  There 
were  advocates  of  the  system  who  expressed  the  belief  that  the  ap- 
pointment was  a  political  trick,  and  deprecated  its  acceptance.  None 
who  heard  it  will  forget  Hamline's  reply  to  such  critics,  delivered  at 
a  dinner  of  the  National  Municipal  Reform  Association,  at  which  the 
mayor  was  present :  "When  I  want  to  go  anywhere,  I  do  not  wait  to 
hitch  my  wagon  to  a  star.  I  take  anything  that  is  going  my  way." 
The  incident  was  significant  of  the  practical  sense  that  marked  his 
efforts,  and  which  contributed  largely  to  the  success  of  the  various 
movements  with  which  he  was  identified.  Together  with  his  asso- 
ciates, Messrs.  Ela  and  Rubens,  he  administered  the  duties  of  the  office 
with  a  vigor  and  decision,  and  in  so  doing  gave  the  citizens  a  wider 
familiarity  with  the  principle  of  the  merit  system,  and  assisted  ma- 
terially to  pave  the  way  for  the  passage  by  the  legislature  of  the  Civil 
Service  Act  of  1895. 

To  John  H.  Hamline,  more  than  to  any  other  one  man,  is  the 
city  indebted  for  the  framing,  passage  by  the  legislature  and  adoption 
by  the  voters,  of  that  law.  As  president  of  the  Union  League  Club, 
in  1895  he  called  a  meeting  of  delegates  from  more  than  fifty  clubs 
and  societies,  and  united  them  in  the  effort  to  secure  such  legislation. 
The  law  was  in  the  main  drawn  in  his  office;  he  was  the  organizing 
force  which  sent  committee  after  committee  to  Springfield  to  appeal 
to  the  legislature  for  its  passage,  and  he  chiefly  directed  the  remark- 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUX  lA'        O17 

able  noon-day  campaign  in  factories  and  stores  which  resuhed  in  its 
adoption.  His  connection  with  it  cannot  lie  measured  by  what  was 
done  by  him  witliin  tlic  knowledge  of  tlic  pnblic.  By  letter  and  per- 
sonal visits  he  spurred  i)r()inincnt  cilizens  into  activity,  induced  them 
to  journey  to  the  capital,  carried  on  a  large  correspondence  with 
members  of  the  legislature,  secured  the  co-operation  of  luke-warm  or 
hostile  politicians  by  convincing  them  that  to  help  was  good  politics 
for  them  individually,  and  went  about  among  the  police  and  other 
place-holders,  persuading  them  that  their  personal  interests  would  be 
served  by  the  introduction  of  a  system  under  which  their  tenure  would 
not  depend  on  political  favor.  After  the  passage  of  the  law.  his  inter- 
est and  activity  in  its  behalf  did  not  cease.  His  time  and  professional 
knowledge  and  skill  were  at  the  service  of  the  commissioners  and 
were  availed  of  by  them  in  putting  it  in  operation  and  defending  it 
from  attack.  It  was  a  fixed  rule  with  him,  observed  in  this,  as  on  all 
other  like  matters,  to  accept  no  compensation  for  professional  services 
in  connection  with  or  in  any  way  arising  out  of  reform  movements 
in  which  he  had  participated. 

As  has  been  said,  almost  his  latest  as  well  as  his  earliest  efforts 
for  the  public  welfare  were  directed  toward  civil  service  reform.  He 
worked  vigorously  to  procure  the  passage  by  the  last  assembly  of  a 
law  applying  to  the  state.  In  accepting  an  appointment  by  the  present 
governor  to  act  with  two  others  in  framing  such  a  law,  he  was  guided 
by  the  same  considerations  which  dictated  his  acceptance  of  a  place  on 
the  mayor's  police  commission.  The  law  was  framed  and  submitted 
to  the  assembly  by  the  governor  in  a  message  recommending  its  pas- 
sage, but  notwithstanding  vigorous  efforts,  in  which  Mr.  Hamline 
participated  with  his  accustomed  energy,  it  failed  of  passage. 

Mr.  Hamline's  labors  in  jjehalf  of  civil  service  reform  h;ive  been 
selected  for  this  extended  reference  because  they  were  begun  in  his 
early  manhood  and  continued  until  his  death.  But  they  serve  only 
as  an  illustration  of  his  activities  as  a  citizen,  and  not  as  their  measure. 
In  many  other  matters  of  public  concern,  notably  the  Humphrey  and 
Allen  bills,  the  preservation  oi  the  city's  rights  in  the  lake  front,  the 
granting  of  franchises  to  public  service  corporations,  the  consolidation 
of  the  supreme  court,  he  displayed  the  same  ([ualities  of  leadcrshii? 
and  expended  his  time,  energies,  abilities  and  money  with  the  sam.- 


6i8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

self-sacrificing  generosity  which  marked  his  efforts  in  behalf  of  that 
reform. 

His  advocacy  of,  or  opposition  to,  men  or  measures,  as  a  speaker 
on  public  platforms,  was  characterized  by  a  peculiar  directness,  the 
choice  of  apt  language,  without  any  effort  at  rhetorical  display,  in- 
tense earnestness  coupled  with  complete  self-control,  and  unflinching 
courage.  He  was  blunt  and  unsparing  in  his  denunciation  of  candi- 
dates for  office  whom  he  deemed  unfit,  yet  malice  or  venom  had  no 
place  in  his  nature.  He  understood  and  made  allowance  for  human 
weakness  and  was  charitable  and  generous  in  his  judgments  of  his 
fellow-men.  In  his  arraignment  of  aspirants  for  office,  at  times  bitter 
in  the  extreme,  he  was  wholly  impersonal ;  it  was  never  the  individual 
as  such,  but  always  the  candidate,  at  whom  he  directed  his  blows.  A 
love  of  conflict  he  no  doubt  had,  as  all  good  fighters  have,  but  it  was 
the  compelling  sense  of  his  duty  as  a  citizen  that  for  so  many  years 
made  him  a  prominent  figure  in  the  communitj^'s  affairs,  and  during 
the  last  ten  years  of  his  life  it  was  that  sense  of  duty  alone.  In  in- 
vective and  denunciation  he  had  no  pleasure,  and  when  he  indulged 
in  it,  as  at  times  he  did,  it  was  in  the  stern,  grim  fashion  of  one  in 
deadly  earnest.  Indeed,  back  of  and  inspiring  his  public  activity  in 
all  its  phases,  was  his  serious  and  wholly  unselfish  conception  of  the 
obligations  which  citizenship  laid  upon  him. 

Mr.  Hamline  was  fortunate  in  the  choice  of  his  profession.  Its 
employments  were  congenial  to  him,  and  he  followed  them  with  un- 
flagging interest  and  zest.  To  him  the  work  of  the  law  was  not 
drudgery,  but  a  source  of  keen  intellectual  pleasure,  and  its  contro- 
versies afforded  frequent  opportunities  to  gratify  his  love  of  conflict. 
It  was  his  rare  good  fortune  to  be  a  worker  in  love  with  his  work, 
and  to  find  in  it  adequate  and  satisfying  occupation  for  ail  his  facul- 
ties. He  pursued  it  with  entire  devotion,  not  as  a  trade,  but  as  a 
profession,  and  never  ventured  out  of  its  paths  to  occupy  his  abilities 
elsewhere  for  gain.  Its  pecuniary  rewards,  though  they  came  to  him 
in  satisfactory  measure,  were  the  least  of  its  attractions,  and  his  labor 
in  any  given  case  was  not  proportioned  to  the  amount,  but  to  the 
questions  involved  therein.  Nature  equipped  him  generously  for  the 
profession  and  he  supplemented  her  gifts  by  the  conduct  of  his  life. 
He  possessed  a  broad,  clear  and  vigorous  mind,  orderly  and  logical 
in  its  processes,  with  a  singular  capacity  for  recognizing  and  siezing 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  619 

upon  the  vital  and  essential.  His  body  was  a  faithful  ally  of  his 
mind — robust,  virile  and  nervously  sound,  enabling  him  to  work  hard 
and  tirelessly.  And,  added  to  this  equipment  oi  brain  and  body, 
there  was  flawless  integrity.  All  who  knew  liim  intimately  recog- 
nized in.  him  a  rare  and  exceptional  honesty.  It  has  been  said  by  one 
that  the  word  honesty  took  on  a  new  meaning  when  applied  to  John 
H.  Hamline.  It  was  not  alone  that  he  was  incapable  of  an  act  which 
he  knew  to  be  wrong,  but  that  his  perception  of  right  was  singularly 
clear  and  true.  A  retrospect  of  many  years  of  intimate  association 
fails  to  reveal  an  act  of  his  nroperly  subject  to  the  smallest  criticism 
judged  by  the  highest  standards  of  honor. 

Possessing  these  qualities  it  followed  as  of  course  that  his  career 
at  the  bar  was  successful.-  Recognition  as  a  lawyer  of  solid  attain- 
ments came  to  him  early  after  his  admission,  his  clientage  steadily 
grew,  and  his  professional  life  became  one  of  constant  and  laborious 
employment.  The  time  that  he  gave  generously  and  freely  to  serve 
the  community  was  the  valuable  possession  of  a  busy  man,  but  he  did 
not  by  reason  of  his  participation  in  public  affairs,  fail  of  diligent  and 
faithful  care  for  the  interests  of  his  clients.  Once  having  accepted  a 
case  his  client's  cause  became  his  own.  His  preparation  of  cases  was 
marked  by  the  most  painstaking  attention  to  detail  and  exhaustive 
examination  of  authorities.  From  his  youth  he  was  an  interested 
student  of  history  and  of  the  development  of  government  and  of  law. 
and,  although  keeping  himself  acquainted  with  and  using  skillfully 
current  decisions,  it  was  the  habit  of  his  mind  to  refer  ?fnd  test  all 
questions  by  reference  to  principles.  In  trials  he  was  fair  and  candid 
with  the  court,  presenting  no  theories  or  propositions  which  he  did 
not  believe  to  be  sound,  but  supporting  his  contentions  with  force, 
courage  and  tenacity. 

Mr.  Hamline  was  connected  willi  much  important  litigation,  in- 
volving questions  affecting  the  interests  of  the  community  as  well  as 
of  his  individual  clients.  Of  this  character  were  the  suits  affecting  the 
franchises  of  the  Union  Loop,  and  certain  street  railway  companies. 
and  the  numerous  controversies  concerning  the  lake  front.  His  ac- 
quaintance with  the  history  of  the  lake  front  was  comprehensive,  as 
was  also  his  knowledge  of  thci  law  affecting  the  questions  involved, 
acquired  by  years  of  careful  study  and  investigation. 

During  the  latter  years  or'  his  life  his  hearing  became  impaired. 


620  CHlLAoO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

causing  his  friends  apprehension  that  the  scope  of  his  professional  Hfe 
might  be  seriously  narrowed.  He  never  expressed  to  his  near  friends 
any  anxiety  on  account  of  this  growing  infirmity.  That  he  realized 
what  the  future  might  have  in  store  for  him  cannot  be  doubted.  That 
he  did  not  permit  the  contemplation  of  such  a  future  to  interfere  with 
the  serene  conduct  of  his  life  or  to  impair  the  best  use  of  his  abilities, 
was  a  demonstration  of  the  high  courage  which  always  distinguished 
him. 

Mr.  Hamline  was  given  to  very  direct  and  blunt  speaking,  and 
deserved  the  reputation  which  he  bore  as  a  grim,  hard  fighter.  But 
in  his  career  there  was  new  proof  that  the  world  loves  a  good  fighter, 
and  the  very  qualities  that  earned  him  that  reputation  attracted  and 
preserved  to  him  the  respect  and  personal  regard  of  his  brother 
lawyers. 

Some  weeks  after  his  death,  at  a  great  public  meeting  -in  his  mem- 
ory, one  who  was  of  the  inner  circfe  of  Mr.  Hamline's  friends — him- 
self a  man  of  .calm  judgment  and  exact  expression — said  of  him : 
"If  I  were  to  choose  a  man  from  among  the  men  I  have  known  to 
stand  as  a  symbol  of  the  sovereign  attributes  of  friendship,  I  would 
choose  John  Hamline.  Other  friends  there  may  be  more  S3m-ipa- 
thetic,  others  more  sweet  in  expression,  others  more  lavish  in  show 
of  service,  but  none  have  I  known  more  constant  and  true,  and  none 
so  complete."  What  finer  eulogium  could  be  framed  and  how  noble 
must  have  been  the  nature  of  him  of  whom  it  could  be  deservedly 
spoken !  Let  it  be  recorded  that  in  that  judgment  each  one  concurs, 
of  those  whose  relations  to  John  Hamline  were  of  closest  intimacy. 

This  memorial  can  have  no  more  fitting  conclusion  than  the  fol- 
lowing extract  from  the  same  address : 

"How  shall  I  speak  of  his  tenderness?  So  dehberately  did  he 
shield  from  display  this  element  of  his  character  beneath  the  direct 
ness  and  brusqueness  of  his  daily  demeanor,  that  T  sometimes  hold 
it  half  a  sin'  to  make  public  revelation  of  it  here.  Yet  we  who  were 
favored  with  a  place  among  his  intimacies  so  often  saw  and  felt  its 
manifestation  that  surely  it  were  a  greater  sin  to  pass  it  by  unnoticed. 
The  serious,  the  severe  and  the  lofty  duties  and  privileges  of  friend- 
ship he  welcomed  in  the  open;  its  sweeter  and  sadder  claims  he  met 
and  satisfied  in  secret,  with  the  conscience  of  a  Christian  and  the 
heart  and  sympathy  of  a  woman. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COl'XTV  621 

"The  gentleness  of  his  conception  of  the  ties  of  home  and  family 
touched  the  limit  of  masculine  understanding.  His  devotion  to  the 
friends  he  loved  was  far  finer  than  his  grim  expression  would  let  them 
believe.  He  had  that  supreme  attribute  of  woman,  to  love  a  man  in 
silence.  Of  this  the  solemn  secrets  that  death  has  revealed  give  touch- 
ing testimony. 

"The  pain  he  gave  his  friends  when  duty  UKjvcd  him  to  disagree- 
ment gave  birth  to  greater  suffering  in  himself.  The  sternness  of  liis 
attitude  was  often  but  a  mask  to  his  emotions,  and  his  affection  for 
his  friends  outlived  all  differences  with  them. 

"He  was  ever  giving  of  liimself  to  liclj)  his  friends.  His  contri- 
butions— nay,  his  sacrifices — of  time,  of  interest  and  of  effort,  not  to 
speak  of  more  sordid  things,  in  behalf  of  the  interested  ambition  of 
others,  are  theblissful  and  lasting  heritage  of  many  of  us." 

(By   Frank  H.   Scott.) 

If  it  be  true,  as  it  should  be.  that  the  most  fitting  memorial  that 
can  be  written  of  a  lawyer  is  a  simple  and  truthful  record  of  a  life- 
time of  useful  hard  work,  that  has  brought  witli  it 
Kirk  Hawes.  honor  in  an  honored  profession,  then,  indeed,  it  is 
an  easy  task  to  present  such  a  memorial  to  Judge 
Kirk  Hawes,  who  from  1865  to  1904.  nearly  forty  years,  was  a  strik- 
ing figure  at  the  bar.  upon  the  bench  and  in  the  affairs  of  Chicago 
during  those  eventful  years  of  its  history. 

Kirk  Hawes  was  born  in  Brookfield.  Worcester  county.  Massa- 
chusetts, January  5,  1839.  His  parents  were  Preston  and  Fanny  Oles 
Hawes.  His  father  was  a  farmer  of  keen  intellect  iuu\  a  leader  in 
the  community  where  he  lived.  Mrs.  Mary  Jane  I  h»lnies.  well  known 
in  literature,  was  a  sister  of  Judge  Hawes.  and  the  intimate  and  aft'ec- 
tionate  relations  through  all  the  years  between  this  brother  and  sister 
and  the  remainder  of  the  family  was  a  feature  of  their  lives. 

At  the  age  of  fourteen  years  young  Hawes  wearied  of  farm  life 
and  went  to  sea,  sailing  on  his  first  voyage  from  the  port  of  Boston 
to  Hong  Kong.  That  was  the  era  of  the  .American  Clipper  Shi])  and 
in  these  swift  coursers  he  visited  all  the  principal  seaports  of  the  world. 

After  three  years  of  seafaring  life  he  relumed  to  I'.rookfield.  and 
after  preparation  entered  Williams  College.  1  Ic  was  in  his  junior  year 
when  the  war  of  the  rebellion  broke  out.     Me  raised  a  company,  was 


622  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

elected  first  lieutenant,  but  finding  enlistments  too  slow  relinquished 
his  commission  and  went  to  Boston,  where  he  enlisted  as  a  private 
in  the  Forty-second  Massachusetts  Infantry.  He  served  under  Gen- 
eral Banks  in  the  Red  River  campaign  and  until  the  fall  of  Vicksburg 
in  1863,  when  he  was  honorably  discharged  and  returned  to  Williams 
College,  where  he  graduated  in  1864,  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  At 
this  time  the  leading  law  firm  in  Worcester  was  that  of  Baker  and 
Aldrich,  whose  office  he  entered  as  a  law  student,  remaining  there  one 
year. 

In  1865  he  came  to  Chicago,  entering  the  law  office  of  Waite. 
Towne  &  Clark,  and  in  1866  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar.  The  same 
year  the  law  firm  of  Hawes  &  Helm  was  formed,  which  continued 
until  early  in  1871.  Gifted  with  strong  physique,  a  trained  mind  and 
with  the  natural  bent  of  a  student,  Mr.  Hawes  entered  upon  the  prac- 
tice of  the  law  with  the  same  vigor,  individuality,  assurance  and  suc- 
cess that  attended  his  undertakings  through  his  eventful  career.  In 
1 87 1  he  formed  a  second  law  partnership  with  an  old  classmate  and 
former  law  student  of  Worcester,  under  the  firm  name  of  Hawes  & 
Lawrence,  which  partnership  continued  until  Mr.  Hawes  was  elected 
judge  of  the  superior  court  of  Cook  county,  in  the  year  1880.  The 
morning  after  the  great  fire  of  1871  the  law  firm  of  Hawes  &  Law- 
rence is  said  to  have  had  the  only  law  library  in  Chicago — about 
1,000  volumes,  which  were  saved  from  the  flames  by  the  large  fire- 
proof vault  of  their  Clark  street  offices. 

In  the  presidential  campaign  of  1880  Judges  Hawes,  who  was  a 
Republican  in  politics,  was  associated  with  Robert  G.  Ingersoll,  Leon- 
ard Swett,  Emery  A.  Storrs  and  other  prominent  Illinois  Repub- 
licans, in  an  organized  opposition  to  the  nomination  of  President 
Grant  for  a  third  term,  resulting  in  the  seating  of  the  contesting  Illi- 
nois delegates,  and  thus  assuring  the  final  result  in  the  national  con- 
vention. On  this  account,  in  his  subsequent  judicial  campaign, 
Wilbur  F.  Storey,  editor  of  the  Chicago  Times,  a  strong  Democratic 
organ,  endorsed  Judge  Hawes'  candidacy  and  he  was  elected  with  the 
largest  majority  given  any  of  the  judicial  candidates,  running  largel}' 
ahead  of  his  ticket.  He  served  two  terms,  from  1880  to  1892,  was 
renominated,  and  defeated  in  the  Democratic  "land-slide"  of  the  latter 
year. 

It  was  as  judge  of  the  superior  court  that  the  strong  individuality 


CHICAGO    AXD    COOK    COUXTV  e>2-^ 

V 

of  Judge  Hawes  and  his  exceptional  abilities  as  a  lawyer  and  student 
reached  their  greatest  usefulness,  as  the  records  of  the  many  impor- 
tant cases  he  was  called  upon  to  try  during  these  twelve  years  niDst 
conclusively  show.  In  the  performance  of  the  exacting  judicial  duties 
of  that  high  office,  at  a  time  when  there  were  fewer  judges  than  we 
have  now.  he  was,  as  he  ever  had  been,  a  hard  worker.  Business  in 
his  court  was  always  dispatched  with  promptness  and  yet  with  that 
care  that  made  for  justice,  as  clearly  appears  from  the  decisions  of 
the  courts  of  last  resort  in  Illinois  when  his  decisions  as  a  trial  judge 
were  presented  for  review.  Abrupt  in  manner  he  was,  no  doubt,  as 
that  was  one  of  his  natural  characteristics,  but  he  was  ever  an  atten- 
tive listener  to  both  sides  of  a  controversy,  and  would  without  the 
slightest  hesitation  brush  aside  the  mere  technicalities  of  the  law,  for 
which  he  had  much  less  respect  than  for  the  substantial  merits.  He 
had  strong  convictions  of  what  was  right  and  wrong  and  was  entirely 
fearless  of  criticism  and  public  opinion  when  he  believed  he  was  right. 
These  characteristics  were  frequently  the  subject  of  comment,  both 
at  the  bar  and  in  the  public  prints,  from  one  of  which  the  following 
is  quoted.  "A  few  more  men  like  Judge  Kirk  Hawes,  with  intelligent 
opinions  and  backbone  enougli  to  enforce  them,  are  needed  on  the 
bench  when  matters  of  public  import  like  the  election  fraud  cases 
come  to  trial."  It  is  a  matter  of  local  histofy  that  his  prompt  and 
thorough  in\'estigation  of  a  jury-bribing  plot  in  his  court  that  affected 
several  men  in  high  places  not  only  won  for  him  the  thanks  and  re- 
spect of  the  public,  but  effectually  put  a  stop  to  such  corruption  in 
Chicago  for  some  twenty  years. 

Notwithstanding  these  forceful  characteristics,  he  displayed  as  ex- 
officio  judge  of  the  criminal  court,  in  the  home  circle  and  among  his 
personal  friends  a  tenderness,  interest,  deep  love  and  sympathy  for 
humanity  that  was  always  more  than  noticeable. 

The  limits  within  which  these  lines  must  be  confined  forbids  but 
passing  reference  to  the  many  activities  of  Judge  Hawes,  other  than 
those  at  the  bar  and  upon  the  bench.  In  1888  he  was  prominently 
mentioned  as  an  available  Republican  candidate  for  governor  of  Illi- 
nois; he  took  a  lively  interest  in  the  affairs  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the 
Republic,  securing  for  the  federal  soldiers  and  Chicago,  after  years 
of  hard  work  and  special  legislation  at  Washington  and  Springheld. 
the  present  public  library  site  and  the   Soldiers'   McuKM-ial   Hall   on 


624  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

what  was  formerly  Dearborn  Park,  a  fitting  and  lasting  monument, 
both  to  the  soldiers  and  to  Judge  Hawes'  public  spirit.  His  early- 
travels  around  the  world  gave  him  a  deep  interest  in  foreign  lands, 
and  so  in  later  life  he  became  an  authority  and  ready  writer  and  lec- 
turer on  the  ancient  history  of  Egypt  and  the  Holy  Land.  Though 
inclined  to  liberality  in  religious  views,  he  was  a  leading  member  of 
the  Second  Presbyterian  church  of  Chicago.  Not  a  club  man,  as 
that  term  is  generally  used,  he  was,  however,  active  in  the  organiza- 
tion of  the  Union  League,  Marquette  and  Twentieth  Century  clubs 
of  Chicago,  and  president  of  the  Les  Cheneaux  Club  near  Mackinac, 
Michigan,  his  summer  home,  and  a  charter  member  of  the  Chicago 
Bar  Association.  ~ 

He  was  married  in  the  year  1871,  to  Miss  Helen  E.  Dunham,  a 
daughter  of  John  H.  Dunham,  former  president  of  the  Merchants' 
Loan  and  Trust  Company.  His  wife  survives  him;  his  son,  John 
Dunham  Hawes,  and  his  three  daughters,  Florence,  wife  of  Arthur 
J.  Chivers,  of  London,  England;  Levanche  D.  and  Fanny  V.  also 
survive  him. 

After  retiring  from  the  bench.  Judge  Hawes,  though  still  in  active 
practice,  devoted  much  of  his  time  to  his  own  property  and  affairs, 
spending  several  months  each  year  at  his  summer  home  on  Marquette 
Island,  in  Lake  Huron. 

The  first  real  activities  of  this  life  began  with  the  buoyant  expec- 
tancy of  youth,  amid  the  waves  and  the  tides  of  the  ocean,  and  his  life 
went  out  on  September  8,  1904.  a  few  moments  after  admiring  the 
autumnal  foliage  on  the  shores  and  looking  out  on  the  waters  of  the 
inland  seas,  whose  waves,  we  may  believe,  chanted  a  sweet  lullaby  of 
hopefulness  for  his  final  voyage. 

(By  Frank  R.  Grover.) 

Henry  Martyn  Shepard,  judge  of  the  superior  court,  assigned  to 
service  in  the  branch  appellate  court  of  the  first  district,  died  in  this 

city  October  16,  1904. 
Henry  M.  -.^^^       Shepard  came  from  a  sturdy  New  Eng- 

Shepard.         ,       ,  ,       ^  r  1  •  .  jr  ^1 

land  ancestry.     Two  of  his  great-grandfathers  were 

officers  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution ;  another  ancestor,  Joseph  Wads- 
worth,  extinguished  the  lights  in  the  chamber  of  the  legislative  assem- 
bly of  Connecticut  and  hid  the  colonial  charter  in  the  hollow  of  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  625 

famous  Charter  Oak  when  an  attempt  was  made  by  servants  of  the 
king  of  England  to  seize  it. 

For  two  years  he  studied  at  Phillips  Academy  in  Andover,  Mas- 
sachusetts. From  thence  he  went  to  Heidelberg,  Germany,  and  be- 
came a  student  in  the  celebrated  university  of  that  place.  Returning 
to  America,  he  read  law  at  Elmira,  New  York.  In  1861  he  came  to 
Chicago  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  the  state  of  Illinois  on  the 
23d  of  April  of  that  year.  For  two  years  he  was  in  the  law  office 
of  Waite  &  Towne,  then  leading  attorneys  of  Chicago.  In  1864  he 
united  in  the  formation  of  the  firm  of  Fuller.  Ham  &  Shepard.  the 
senior  member  of  which  has  for  many  years  been  chief  justice  of  the 
supreme  court  of  the  United  States.  In  1883  he  was  elected  to  the 
bench  of  the  superior  court,  and  remained  a  judge  of  that  court  to 
the  time  of  his  death,  having  been  three  times  elected  without  oppo- 
sition. At  the  time  of  his  death,  as  for  a  number  of  years  previous 
he  had  been,  he  was  assigned  to  the  appellate  court  of  the  first  district. 

His  manner  was  calm,  dignified  and  simple.  As  lawyer  and  judge 
he  was  learned,  industrious,  painstaking  and  conscientious.  As  hus- 
band, father  and  friend,  none  knew  him  but  to  love  him. 

(By  A.  N.  Waterman.) 

The  year  1908  is  the  golden  anniversary  of  the  admission  to  the 

Illinois  bar  of  the  venerable  and  revered  Judge  Simeon  P.   Shope, 

senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Shope,  Zane,  Busby  and 

Weber,  and  for  seventeen  years  an  honored  figure 
Shope.  ,      ,       ,  .... 

on  the  benches  of  the  cnxuit    and    state    supreme 

courts.  The  judge  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  although  he  has  spent  the 
greater  portion  of  his  life  in  Illinois.  He  was  born  in  Akron  on  the 
3d  of  December,  1837,  son  of  Simeon  P.  and  Lucinda  (Richmond) 
Shope,  and  at  the  age  of  two  years  was  brought  by  his  parents  to 
Illinois,  the  family  locating  in  Marseilles  in  September,  1839.  In 
the  spring  of  the  following  year  Ottawa  became  the  home  town,  and 
in  its  public  schools  Simeon  P.  obtained  his  first  mental  discipline, 
afterward  continuing  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  \\'oodford 
county  and  at  an  academy.  In  parallel  lines  with  his  schooling  ran 
his  healthful  training  on  the  jiome  farm,  so  that  his  development  was 
substantial  and  natural,  and  far  removed  from  the  hothouse  expan- 
sion of  many  city  boys.     He  entered  upon  an  independent  business 

Vol.  II— 9 


626  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY     ' 

career  as  an  assistant  to  an  engineer,  and  afterwards  taught  school 
for  four  years,  in  the  meantime  pursuing  his  legal  studies  under  the 
direction  of  such  good  masters  as  Judges  Elihu  Powell  and  Norman 
H.  Purple  of  Peoria. 

At  the  attainment  of  his  majority,  in  1858,  Judge  Shope  was  ad- 
mitted to  practice  at  the  bar  of  Illinois,  and  this  became  an  all-impor- 
tant year  because  of  the  added  fact  that  it  marked  the  commencement 
of  a  happy  married  life  extending  over  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century. 
He  began  his  practice  at  Metamora,  Woodford  county,  but  soon 
afterward  removed  to  Lewiston,  Fulton  county,  Illinois,  and  formed 
a  partnership  with  Lewis  W.  Ross,  a  pioneer  lawyer  and  an  able 
public  man  of  that  section  of  the  state.  The  court  records  indicate 
that  with  the  passing  years  Judge  Shope's  practice  grew  both  in  vol- 
ume and  importance,  and  he  was  soon  known  as  one  of  the  leaders 
of  the  county  bar.  He  continued  in  active  practice  at  Tewiston  until 
1877,  when  he  was  elected  judge  of  the  tenth  judicial  circuit.  On 
the  bench  his  legal  talents  and  strength  were  given  free  scope,  and 
showed  to  the  best  advantage;  his  ability  to  grasp  a  multitude  of 
details  and  show  their  general  bearing  on  the  points  at  issue,  and  a 
patient  and  courteous  attitude  toward  all  who  came  before  him,  with 
a  broad  knowledge  of  the  law  and  promptness  of  decision  when  both 
sides  to  a  controversy  had  been  heard — these  were  traits  which  made 
him  a  popular,  honored  and  wise  member  of  the  judiciary.  His  term 
as  circuit  judge  extended  from  1877  to  1885,  and  in  the  latter  year 
he  was  elected  a  representative  of  the  supreme  bench  of  Illinois,  fill- 
ing the  position  for  the  full  term  of  nine  years.  Declining  a  re-elec- 
tion, he  removed  with  his  family  to  Chicago  in  1894,  and  resumed 
private  practice. 

Since  becoming  a  member  of  the  Chicago  bar,  Judge  Shope  has 
been  the  senior  in  the  firm  of  Shope,  Mathis  and  Barrett;  Shope, 
Mathis,  Zane  and  Weber,  and  Shope,  Zane,  Busby  and  Weber,  both 
his  name  and  his  professional  work  having  added  strength  and  honor 
to  the  co-partnerships.  He  has  long  been  classed  with  the  ablest  cor- 
poration lawyers  of  the  state,  being  general  counsel  for  companies 
having  large  enterprises  and  handling  with  facility  the  intricate  prob- 
lems which  come  up  for  consideration.  In  the  wise  disposal  of  such 
broad-gauge  practice  his  years  of  judicial  experience  have  been  of 
immeasurable  advantage  to  him.     His  high  standing  at  both  bench 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COCXTV  G27 


/ 


and  bar  is  firmly  assured  in  the  declining  years  of  his  life,  and  as  a 
conscientious  and  profound  adviser  his  services  are  still  eagerly  uti- 
lized. Until  elected  to  the  Illinois  bench.  Judge  Shope  was  quite 
active  as  a  Democrat  (being  elected  to  the  state  legislature  in  1862), 
but  since  that  period  he  has  h>dd  aloof  with  a  delicate  and  an  iionor- 
able  dignity. 

In  1858  Simeon  P.  Shope  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Sarah 
M.  Jones,  who  died  in  Florida,  January  4,  1883.  They  became  the 
parents  of  four  children:  Clara  A..  Charles  E.  (deceased).  Clarence 
W.  and  Mabel  Ray  Shope.  The  judge  is  a  member  of  the  Knights 
of  Pythias  and  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  for 
a  third  of  a  century  has  been  identified  with  the  Masonic  fraternity. 
When  without  the  circle  of  his  professional  duties,  he  is  the  genial 
gentleman,  as  ever  approachable  and  courteous. 

John  Maxcy  Zane,  of  the  law  firm  of  Shope,  Zane,  Busby  and 
Weber,  has,  since  locating  in  Chicago  in  1899,  gained  a  reputation  as 

one  of  the  most  forceful  lawyers  of  the  local  bar, 

John  M.  .  ,  •  1  ,  1       r  .1  1  1 

•^  „  and  as  a  trial  lawyer  has  few  peers  throughout  the 

state.  His  keen  analytical  mind  affords  him  un- 
usual facility  in  working  out  the  details  of  a  case,  and  it  is  said  that 
before  going  into  the  courtroom  he  must  know  that  he  is  thoroughly 
prepared  for  every  development  that  may  arise  during  the  trial.  His 
contemporaries  are  quick  to  acknowledge  his  special  abilities  and  his 
high  position  among  the  lawyers  of  the  state. 

I'he  son  of  one  of  the  oldest  and  most  honored  lawyers  of  Illinois, 
Mr.  Zane  was  born  in  Springfield,  this  state.  ]\Iarch  26.  1863,  and 
acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  and  in 
the  University  of  Michigan,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1884 
with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  He  then  joined  his  father  in  Utah  and 
took  up  the  study  of  law  with  the  latter  until  his  admission  to  the  bar 
in  1888.  The  following  four  years  he  was  assistant  United  States 
attorney  for  the  territory  of  Utah  and  reporter  of  the  supreme  court, 
during  which  time  he  edited  five  -volumes  of  the  Utah  reports.  From 
1893  to  1899  he  was  engaged  in  general  practice  in  Salt  Lake  City; 
since  then  he  has  been  a  resident  of  Chicago.  For  seven  years  he 
was  a  member  of  the  well  known  law  firm  of  Shope,  Mathis.  Zane 
and  Weber,  the  personnel  of  which  has  since  been  changed  as  indi- 
cated above. 


628  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Zane  is  author  of  "Zane  on  Banks  and  Banking,"  published 
in  1900.  He  is  a  lecturer  in  ihe  law  departments  of  the  University 
of  Chicago  and  Northwestern  University,  and  a  member  of  the  Illi- 
nois and  Chicago  Bar  associations.  Politically  he  is  a  Republican. 
Mr.  Zane's  position  on  the  great  public  questions  of  the  day  is  indi- 
vidual and  forceful,  suggesting  the  character  of  the  man,  and  his 
opinions  are  entitled  to  respect  from  all  sides.  In  a  recent  public  dis- 
cussion he  vigorously  opposed,  without  denying  its  constitutionality, 
the  policy  of  giving  the  interstate  commerce  commission  the  power  to 
regulate  and  fix  railroad  rates,  declaring  that  it  was  a  physical  impos- 
sibility for  any  such  body  of  men  satisfactorily  to  perform  such  a 
task.  "The  people  who  are  making  the  greatest  outcry,"  said  Mr. 
Zane,  "are  the  people  who  are  the  most  heavily  interested  in  the  rail- 
roads, if  they  only  knew  it.  More  than  $1,500,000,000  of  railroad 
capitalization  represents  the  investment  of  the  funds  of  insurance  com- 
panies, endowment  funds  of  educational  institutions  and  savings  banks. 
When  the  small  investor  realizes  the  situation  there  will  be  a  wonder- 
ful change  in  public  sentiment." 

Mr.  Zane  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  University,  Quad- 
rangle, Literary  and  Exmoor  Country  clubs.  He  married,  in  Phila- 
delphia, April  25,  1894,  Miss  Sara  R.  Zane.  Their  home  is  in 
Evanston. 

The  name  Zane  has  been  honored  in  the  Illinois  bench  and  bar 
nearly  fifty  years.  For  many  years  Charles  S.  Zane,  father  of  the 
Chicago  lawyer  named  above,  was  an  attorney  and  judge  in  this 
state,  and  for  sixteen  years  was  chief  justice  of  the  territory  and 
state  of  Utah.  Born  in  Gloucester  county.  New  Jersey,  in  1832,  he 
came  west  and  located  in  Sangamon  county,  Illinois,  in  1850.  Two 
years  later  he  entered  McKendree  College,  and  by  teaching,  attend- 
ing college  and  studying  law,  he  obtained  admission  to  the  bar  in 
1857.  In  i860  he  became  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Lincoln  and 
Herndon  at  Springfield,  which  was  dissolved  on  account  of  Mr.  Lin- 
coln's election  as  president  of  the  United  States,  and  in  January,  1861, 
the  firm  of  Herndon  and  Zane  was  formed.  Mr.  Zane  later  became 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cullom,  Zane  and  Marcy,  the  senior  member 
of  which  has  for  years  been  one  of  Illinois's  representatives  in  the 
United  States  senate.  Continuing  in  regular  practice  until  1872, 
from  that  year  until  1884  Mr.  Zane  was  circuit  judge  of  the  San- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTY  629 

ganion  district.  In  1884,  l-»y  appointment  from  President  Arthur,  he 
became  chief  justice  of  the  territory  of  Utah,  and  save  for  brief 
intervals  held  that  office  until  1896,  when  he  became  chief  justice 
under  the  state  government  after  the  admission  of  Utah  to  the  Union, 
and  so  continued  until  1900.  As  a  lawyer  he  was  regarded  as  one 
of  the  leading  members  of  the  Illinois  bar,  and  his  judicial  career 
both  in  this  state  and  in  Utah  was  marked  by  a  fearlessness,  impar- 
tiality and  thorough  knowledge  and  application  of  the  law  that  makes 
his  position  a  permanent  one  in  the  judicial  history  of  the  west.  The 
wife  of  Judge  Zane  was  Margaret  D.  Maxcy,  daughter  of  John  Cook 
Maxcy  and  member  of  a  family  well  known  at  Springfield  since  1819, 
when  they  moved  to  this  state  froip  Kentucky.  Judge  and  Mrs.  Zane 
still  reside  in  Salt  Lake  City. 

The  reputation  of  the  eminent  corporation  lawyers  of  the  country 
is  not  made  in  a  day,  unusual  ability  in  this  broad  field  demanding  not 

only  natural  abilities,  but  the  most  thorouirh  prepara- 
Levy  .  ,    ,  .  J  •  ,- 

,^  tion  and  strenuous,  contmuous  and  mtense  applica- 

Mayer.  .  ,  .    ,  ,  ^^ 

tion  and  mdustry.     Broad  education  and  extensive 

knowledge  of  business,  commercial  and  industrial  principles  and  con- 
ditions, are  requisites  for  success. 

Commencing  practice  a  little  more  than  twenty-five  years  ago  in 
Chicago,  Levy  Mayer  has  steadily  advanced  to  the  front  in  reputation 
and  the  legitimate  rewards  of  such  a  standing. 

Born  in  Richmond,  Virginia,  on  the  23rd  of  October,  1858,  as  the 
son  of  Henry  D.  and  Clara  (Goldsmith)  Mayer,  'Mv.  flayer  is  a 
product  of  Chicago.  He  received  his  foundation  education  in  the 
old  Jones  and  Chicago  high  schools.  From  1874  to  1876  he  took 
some  special  studies  at  and  attended  the  law  department  of  Yale  Uni- 
versity, and  during  the  following  five  years  was  assistant  librarian 
of  the  Chicago  Law  Institute.  While  so  engaged,  he  prepared  the 
first  catalogue  of  the  Institute's  library  and  edited  and  revised  Judge 
David  Rorer's  works  on  Interstate  or  Private  International  Law  and 
on  Judicial  Sales.  Since  1881  he  has  pursued  his  profession  stead- 
fastly and  successfully.  Pie  is  a  prodigious  worker  and  his  large 
practice  has  been  principally  in  the  fields  of  corporation,  interstate 
commerce  and  constitutional  law-.  He  numbers  among  his  clients 
some  of  the  leading  corporations  and  trusts  of  the  country.  He  has 
represented  one  side  or  the  other  of  many  of  the  great  cases  that 


630  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

have  come  before  the  courts  of  Ihinois  during  the  last  twenty  years. 
He  has  never  held  nor  sought  office  of  any  kind.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  American  Bar  Association  and  of  the  American  Economical 
Association,  and  of  the  Union  League,  Iroquois,  South  Shore  Coun- 
try, Mid-Day,  Germania,  Automobile,  Lawyers'  and  Old  Colony  clubs, 
the  last  two  named  being  organizations  of  New  York  and  Massachu- 
setts, respectively.  In  the  latter  state  he  maintains  an  attractive  coun- 
try residence  on  the  shores  of  Cape  Cod  Bay. 

Few  leaders  in  the  field  of  commercial  and  corporation  law  have 
advanced  more  steadily  to  eminence  than  the  late  Adolph  Moses,  the 

prime  secret  of  his  uniform  success  being  the  union 
of  a  remarkable  business  judgment  and  a  keen  legal 
insight  into  the  most  involved  transactions.  He 
never  relied  upon  eloquence  alone  to  carry  a  position,  but  always  ap- 
pealed to  court  and  jury  as  if  he  were  laying  the  matter  before  a 
business  man  in  his  counting  house.  He  realized  to  the  full  that 
the  chief  requisite  in  such  cases,  some  of  them  involving  millions  of 
dollars,  was  to  have  the  salient  facts  well  in  hand,  and  to  state  them 
clearly,  succinctly  and  forcibly.  Direct,  earnest  appeal  in  such  legal 
procedure  was  usually  found  to  be  far  more  effective  than  eloquence, 
although,  when  the  proper  occasion  arose,  Mr.  Moses  was  never  found 
amiss  even  in  well  considered  flights  of  oratory;  but  his  genius  as  a 
lawyer  was  founded  on  his  powers  of  analysis  and  classification,  and 
so  marked  was  his  judicial  temperament  that  his  name  was  often  men- 
tioned for  the  federal  bench.  His  devotion  to  the  cause  of  civic  bet- 
terment is,  aside  from  his  success  as  a  lawyer,  the  most  interesting 
feature  of  his  career  to  the  general  public  regard.  The  Civic  Federa- 
tion and  similar  organizations  were  strengthened  by  his  support. 

Adolph  Moses  was  born  at  Speyer,  capital  of  the' Palatinate,  Ger- 
many, on  the  27th  of  February,  1837,  being  a  son  of  Joseph  and 
Rebecca  (Adler)  Moses.  From  early  boyhood  his  own  inclinations 
and  his  parents'  wishes  coincided  in  the  choice  of  the  legal  profession, 
but,  after  passing  through  the  public  and  Latin  schools  of  his  native 
place,  he  found  such  a  prevailing  prejudice  against  his  race  in  Ger- 
many that  he  decided  to  come  to  America.  Arriving  at  New  Orleans 
on  the  twenty-second  of  December,  1852,  the  youth  at  once  became  a 
student  at  the  Louisiana  University,  and  had  the  benefit  of  receiving 
his  first  professional  instruction  from  such  lawyers  as  Randall  Hunt, 


VmUG  U3RARY 


CHICAGO    AXD    CUUK    CUUXTV  631 

Christian  Roselius,  Alfred  Hennan  and  Jud^c  Thomas  AI.  AlcCaleb. 
Graduating  in  March,  1861,  he  was  admitted  to  the  Louisiana  bar 
and  commenced  practice  in  New  Orleans,  but  his  career  was  inter- 
rupted by  the  Civil  war,  since  his  nine  years'  residence  in  the  south 
naturally  drew  him  to  espouse  the  cause  of  the  Confederacy ;  and  es- 
pousal with  him  was  ever  another  word  for  action.  First,  think  hard, 
and  then  act  with  equal  vigor — this  appears  to  have  been  one  of  his 
life  rules.  He  therefore  joined  the  Twenty-first  Louisiana  Regiment 
of  infantry  and,  as  captain  of  one  of  its  companies,  fought  with  bravery 
and  earnestness  for  two  years. 

At  the  expiration  of  that  period  Mr.  Moses  came  north  and  located 
at  Quincy,  Illinois,  where  he  remained  in  practice  until  his  removal  to 
Chicago  in  1869.  The  vigor,  independence,  breadth  and  openness  of 
its  people,  with  the  prevailing  civic  spirit  of  cheerful  confidence,  fully 
accorded  with  the  character  of  the  young  attorney;  and  he  remained, 
for  the  balance  of  his  life,  one  with  Chicago  in  letter  and  spirit.  His 
knowledge  of  the  law,  both  broad  and  accurate,  brought  him  at  once 
into  the  front  rank  of  practitioners,  and.  with  the  growth  of  Chicago 
as  a  commercial  and  business  center,  his  legal  practice  increased  pro- 
portionately. The  extent  and  variety  of  it  can  be  seen  by  reference  to 
reports  of  the  Supreme  and  Appellate  courts,  in  whose  archives  are 
many  briefs  and  arguments  which  are  the  product  of  his  active  brain. 
As  a  legal  adviser,  he  attained  a  wide  reputation,  and  was  employed 
by  many  large  corporations  in  this  capacity,  being  especially  desig- 
nated at  the  bar  as  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Moses,  Rosenthal 
and  Kennedy. 

•Mr.  Moses  was  also  a  writer  of  force  and  merit,  his  "Rambles 
Through  the  Illinois  Reports,"  illustrating  the  judicial,  political  and 
social  history  of  the  state  and  its  people,  through  the  medium  of  the 
Breese  Reports.  In  iSgo  he  founded  the  National  Corporation  Re- 
porter, a  legal  journal  devoted  to  the  interests  of  corporations,  and 
of  which  he  was  sole  editor  for  several  years.  Later,  he  established 
the  United  States  Corporation  Bureau,  of  which  he  was  president  at 
the  time  of  his  death.  He  had  also  served  as  president  of  the  State 
Bar  Association  in  1897,  and  had  always  done  his  full  share  to  make 
its  proceedings  interesting  and  instructive.  In  1895  he  read  a  paper 
before  that  body  on  the  subject  "Abolition  cf  the  Variance,"  which 
was  widelv  circulated  and  much  discussed.     At  the  opening  of  the  con- 


032  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

solidated  Supreme  court  in  October,  1897,  Mr.  Moses  was  selected 
by  the  bar  of  Illinois  to  deliver  the  address  of  welcome  to  the  court, 
which  is  published  in  the  annual  report  of  the  State  Association  of 
1898.  and  in  the  official  reports  of  the  proceedings  of  that  court. 

A  firm  Democrat  in  politics,  Mr.  Moses  was  never  a  politician.  In 
1879  he  was  an  unsuccessful  candidate  of  his  party  for  the  office  of 
judge  of  the  Superior  court,  but  otherwise  refused  the  use  of  his  name 
as  an  aspirant  for  political  honors.  His  deep  interest  in  matters  of 
public  education,  however,  induced  him  to  act  as  one  of  the  directors 
of  the  Chicago  Public  Library  for  a  term  of  six  years,  and  as  chair- 
man of  the  library  committee,  he  accomplished  much  for  the  advance- 
ment of  that  institution.  He  was  the  originator  of  the  John  Marshall 
centennial  of  February  4,  1901,  and  his  membership  in  the  Chicago 
Historical  Society  indicated  a  decided  trend  of  his  thought  and  literary 
investigations. 

In  1869  Mr.  Moses  married  Miss  Matilda  Wolf,  a  native  of  Man- 
heim,  Germany,  and  the  following  children  have  been  born  to  them: 
Joseph  W.,  Julius,  Hamilton,  Paul  A. ;  Virginia,  now  Mrs.  Moritz 
Rosenthal;  and  Irma,  wife  of  J.  W.  Moses,  of  New  Orleans.  Two  of 
the  sons  were  members  of  the  firm  of  which  he  was  the  senior  mem- 
ber at  his  decease,  Moritz  Rosenthal,  the  second  member,  being  his 
son-in-law.  Mr.  Moses  was  a  member  of  various  social,  benevolent 
and  political  organizations,  including  the  Masonic  fraternity,  the 
Standard  and  Iroquois  clubs,  and  the  Independent  Order  of  B'nai 
B'rith,  acting  as  the  first  president  of  the  national  convention  of  the 
last  named  fraternity  in  1869.  For  many  years  he  had  been  a  member 
of  Sinai  Congregation,  and  his  death,  November  6,  1905,  at  Ashe- 
ville,  North  Carolina,  removed  from  that  body  one  of  its  most  faithful 
and  influential  members. 

When  it  is  realized  that  John  Sumner  Runnells  has  been  general 
counsel  of  the  Pullm.an  Company  for  a  period  of  more  than  twenty 

years  the  student  of  large  affairs  at  once  places  him 
John  S.         •     .1      r    >  r      •       1         1  t      • 

■D  m  the  first  professional  ranks.      It    is    true    that 

Runnells.       _  iv^r    T-i  it  1  1     •  • 

George  M.  Pullman  began  devising  practical  sleep- 
ing cars  half  a  century  ago,  that  the  Pullman  Palace  Car  Company 
was  organized  forty  years  ago,  and  that  since  the  days  of  the 
"Pioneer"  sleeping  coach  man}^  resourceful  and  able  men  have  co- 
operated with  the  great  founder  of  the  enterprise  to  make  it  an  in- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  633 

(Instrial  power  of  national  scope.  But.  although  Mr.  Runnells  is  not 
a  pioneer  in  the  work  of  the  l^ullman  Company,  he  has  remained  at 
the  liead  of  its  complicated  legal  department  during  the  period  of  its 
greatest  development  and,  with  his  strong  hand  at  the  helm,  lias 
guided  it  through  many  complications.  His  connection  with  the  com- 
pany commenced  a  few  years  after  the  founding  of  the  town  of  Pull- 
man, which  may  he  said  to  have  inaugurated  the  modern  expansion 
of  the  great  industry  which  has  set  the  standard  for  the  construction 
of  railway  cars  throughout  the  world.  Tie  has  been  general  counsel 
of  the  company  since  1887  and  vice  president  since  Alay.  1905.  the 
appointment  to  the  latter  position  being  a  signal  recognition  of  the 
strength  and  breadth  of  his  influence  upon  the  general  progress  of 
the  company. 

Born  at  Effingham,  New  Hampshire,  on  the  30th  of  July,  1844. 
son  of  John  and  Huldah  S.  Runnells,  John  Sumner  Runnells  received 
the  benefits  of  a  sturdy  New  England  rearing  which  developed  the 
strongest  elements  of  his  character.  After  passing  through  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  Tamworth,  New  York,  and  the  New  Hampshire  Acad- 
emy in  his  native  state,  at  Ihe  age  of  sixteen  he  entered  Amherst 
College.  On  his  graduation  in  1865  he  had  taken  the  highest  honors 
in  Greek  and  in  extemporaneous  speaking.  This  latter  talent  has 
proved  one  of  his  marked  and  strong  traits.  As  a  ready  speaker  and 
orator,  Mr.  Runnells  has  made  a  high  reputation  apart  from  his  sub- 
stantial professional  career,  being  well  known  as  a  finished  orator  on 
patriotic  and  public  occasions;  and  his  ability  in  this  direction  doubt- 
less influenced  his  political  progress  during  his  earlier  years. 

From  his  collegiate  successes  at  Amherst,  Mr.  Runnells  went  to 
the  old  town  of  Dover,  New  Hampshire,  and  began  studying  law. 
The  Civil  war  had  just  closed  and,  despite  the  draining  of  the  coun- 
try's resources,  the  middle  west  was  entering  upon  an  unprecedented 
era  of  material  development,  and  the  prophets  of  progress  already 
saw  the  great  plains  of  the  farther  west  spanned  by  iron  ways  and 
sprinkled  with  villages  and  cities.  This  new  world  required  strong 
and  wise  men  from  the  east  to  cast  their  fortunes  with  virile  west: 
and  Mr.  Runnells  proved  of  this  accession.  In  1867  he  left  Dover 
and  came  to  Iowa,  where  he  became  private  secretary  to  the  governor 
of  the  state.  His  energy,  versatile  ability  ami  attractive  personality 
brought  him  rapid  promotion.     In   1869  President  Grant  appointed 


634  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

him  to  the  consular  service  and  he  spent  two  years  in  England,  which 
gave  him  a  new  experience  and  could  not  but  broaden  his  life. 

On  his  return  to  the  United  States,  in  1871,  Mr.  Runnells  was 
admitted  to  the  Iowa  bar  and  began  practice  at  Des  Moines.  In 
1875  he  was  elected  reporter  of  the  state  supreme  court,  and  eighteen 
volumes  of  its  records  bear  testimony  that  his  position  was  no  sine- 
cure. His  high  standing  as  a  practitioner  was  strengthened  by  his 
appointment  as  United  States  district  attorney  by  President  Arthur, 
his  services  in  that  position  extending  from  1881  to  1885.  This  was 
also  the  period  of  his  greatest  activity  and  prominence  in  Republican 
politics,  being  chairman  of  the  Iowa  state  committee  from  1879  to 
1880,  Iowa  member  of  the  national  committee  in  1880-4,  a-^d  a  dele- 
gate to  the  national  Republican  convention  in  1880.  Though  his  Iowa 
practice  was  mainly  of  a  general  nature,  Mr.  Runnells  became  noted 
in  the  specialty  of  railway  and  telegraph  law.  In  view  of  his  promi- 
nence he  could  not  but  become  involved  in  the  complication  growing 
from  the  enforcement  of  the  state  prohibitory  laws,  and  materially 
added  to  his  reputation  as  principal  attorney  in  a  case  which  involved 
the  constitutionality  of  certain  of  their  sections.  He  conducted  this 
case  not  only  through  the  state  courts,  but  carried  it  to  the  supreme 
court  of  the  United  States,  where  his  main  contentions  were  sustained. 

As  stated,  Mr.  Runnells'  private  practice  concluded  with  the  year 
1887,  when  he  came  to  Chicago  to  enter  the  services  of  the  Pullman 
Company  as  its  general  counsel.  In  that  capacity  his  greatest  repu- 
tation has  been  made.  He  has  also  acted  as  special  counsel  for  the 
Burlington,  the  Wabash  and  other  railroad  systems,  as  well  as  for 
the  Western  Union  Telegraph  and  American  Express  companies.  For 
a  number  of  years  past  he  has  been  senior  member  of  the  firm  of 
Runnells  and  Burry,  whose  large  practice  has  extended  to  all  branches 
of  civil  law.  After  a  mere  enumeration  of  such  activities,  it  may  be 
deemed  unnecessary  to  allude  to  Mr.  Runnells'  executive  force  as  one 
of  the  causes  of  his  continuous  advancement,  as  well  as  his  ability  to 
manage  varied  and  complicated  interests  successfully,  without  friction 
and  confusion. 

While  a  resident  of  Des  JMoines,  Iowa,  Mr.  Runnells  was  mar- 
ried, March  31,  1869,  to  Miss  Helen  R.  Baker,  by  whom  he  has 
become  the  father  of  the  following :  Mabel,  now  Mrs.  Robert  I. 
Jenks;  Lucy,  Mrs.  A.  W.  Jackson;  Clive  and  Alice  Rutherford.     Mr. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  G35 

Runnells  is  president  of  the  Chicago  Club  and  of  the  Saddle  and 
Cycle  Club,  and  has  membership  with  the  Chicago  Literary,  Univer- 
sity and  Onwentsia  clubs  of  Chicago,  and  with  the  University  Club 
of  New  York.  In  his  domestic  life  and  outside  the  pale  of  his  pro- 
fession, he  is  affectionate,  unassuming  and  companionable,  and  alto- 
gether may  be  designated  a  fine  product  of  metropolitan  life. 

In  the  long  and    uniformly  progressive    career    of    William    H. 
Barnum-  several  personal  traits  are  quite  noticeable,  among  which  is 

versatility  of  talents  combined   with   thoroughness 

William  H.        ,  .  ii.iriii         11  a 

P  of  preparation  and  deptli  01   legal  knowledge.     A 

man  of  broad  education  and  experience,  of  high  per- 
sonal character,  courteous  and  able,  he  is  one  of  Chicago's  strong 
characters.  Mr.  Barnum  is  a  native  of  Onondaga  county,  New  York, 
born  February  15,  1840,  son  of  Charles  and  Harriet  (Rogers) 
Barnum.  When  he  was  two  years  of  age  his  parents  became  resi- 
dents of  Belleville,  Illinois,  where  he  received  his  preparatory  educa- 
tion in  various  private  schools.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  became  a 
student  in  the  State  Normal  School  at  Ypsilanti,  Michigan,  his  two 
and  a  half  years'  course  there  being  occasionally  interrupted  by  teach- 
ing in  Belleville  schools.  In  the  fall  of  1858  he  entered  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan  as  a  sophomore  and,  although  obliged  to  relinquish 
his  course  in  the  junior  year,  his  Alma  Mater  long  since  enrolled  him 
among  her  Alumni  and  bestowed  upon  him  an  honorary  degree.  On 
leaving  Michigan  University  he  resumed  teaching  at  Belleville,  con- 
tinuing his  classical,  literary  and  historical  studies  under  competent 
private  instructors.  In  i860  he  became  a  student  in  the  law  office  ot 
Hon.  George  Trumbull,  of  that  place,  whose  bar,  then  especially,  in- 
cluded some  of  the  most  distinguished  lawyers  of  the  state.  Ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  in  1862,  Mr.  Barnum  began  practice  in  Chester. 
Randolph  county,  Illinois,  and  for  the  ensuing  five  years  remained  in 
the  circuit  which  comprised  fiv-e  counties  of  the  state.  Quite  a  num- 
ber of  interesting  and  most  important  cases  tried  by  him  in  those  years 
went  to  the  supreme  court,  some  of  them  ranking  as  leading  cases. 
During  three  of  his  five  years'  residence  in  Chester  Mr.  Barnum 
served  as  master  in  chancery  and,  although  his  clientage  rapidly  in- 
creased, in  the  fall  of  1867  he  removed  to  Chicago,  in  pursuance  of 
his  original  intention  to  ultimately  establish  himself  in  some  metro- 
politan city. 


636  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Barnum  became  a  resident  of  Chicago  on  the  invitation  of 
Lawrence  J.  J.  Nissen  to  join  him  in  a  partnership.  The  firm  thus 
formed  continued  for  a  period  of  eleven  years.  During  this  time  Mr. 
Barnum  attended  almost  exclusively  to  the  court  practice  of  the  firm 
and  acquired  distinction  as  a  trial  lawyer,  as  well  as  for  his  legal 
arguments  and  briefs  in  the  supreme  court.  In  1876-8  George  F. 
Harding  was  identified  with  the  firm  under  the  style  of  Harding, 
Nissen  and  Barnum,  and  upon  its  dissolution  Judge  Barnum  was  for 
two  years  associated  in  practice  with  Cornelius  Van  Schaack  until 
elevated  to  the  bench  of  the  circuit  court  (in  the  summer  of  1879). 
Mr.  Barnum  served  as  circuit  judge  of  Cook  county  from  the  time 
mentioned  until  December  i,  1884,  when  he  resigned  to  re-enter  pri- 
vate practice. 

As  a  jurist  Judge  Barnum  evinced  a  broad  knowledge  of  law  and 
equity,  a  conscientious  regard  for  the  rights  of  all  classes  of  litigants 
and  fine  executive  ability  in  the  dispatch  of  business.  By  arrange- 
ment with  his  colleagues  he  occupied  the  chancery  bench  for  three 
years,  and  with  facility  and  thoroughness  cleared  from  the  dockets  a 
large  number  of  cases  and  motions  which  had  been  in  arrears  for  sev- 
eral 5^ears.  By  means  of  general  calls  and  speedy  decisions  his  chan- 
cery calendar  was  reduced  to  comparatively  small  and  quite  manage- 
able proportions,  when  in  September,  1882,  it  was  turned  over  to  his 
successor.  Pursuant  to  the  arrangements  mentioned.  Judge  Barnum 
then  took  up  a  common-law  docket,  not  from  any  preference  for  it, 
but  from  a  desire  to  keep  abreast  with  the  bar  and  with  the  progress 
of  legal  questions  through  the  courts.  He  also  held  terms  of  the 
criminal  court,  and  his  judicial  duties,  wherever  performed,  were  dis- 
charged with  absolute  fearlessness  and  impartiality.  His  resignation 
occurred  near  the  close  of  his  six  years'  term  and  he  declined  to  accept 
another  nomination,  when  it  would  have  been  equivalent  to  an  election, 
his  decided  preference  being  for  the  greater  activities  of  private 
practice. 

Mr.  Barnum  again  became  a  member  of  the  Chicago  bar  as  senior 
member  of  the  firm  of  Barnum,  Rubens  and  Ames.  This  connection 
was  continued  for  three  and  a  half  years.  He  then  associated  with 
him  his  son,  Albert  W.  Barnum,  who  had  just  returned  from  Yale 
College  and  been  admitted  to  the  bar.  This  congenial  relationship 
lasted  until  the  death  of  the  latter  in   1903.     From  first  to  last,  it 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  637 

would  be  difficult  to  find  a  lawyer  in  the  state  who  has  tried  more 
causes,  written  more  briefs,  made  more  arg-uments  and  carried  more 
of  his  litigation  to  a  successful  conclusion,  than  William  H.  Barnum. 
An  active  Democrat,  he  was  the  nominee  of  his  party  for  the  circuit 
judgeship  in  1903,  but  otherwise  has  never  been  a  candidate  for  office, 
the  professional  responsibilities  which  he  has  borne  forbidding  par- 
ticipation in  general  politics.  In  i860  Mr.  Barnum  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Clara  Hyde,  of  Belleville,  Illinois.  They  have  had 
five  children :  Belle,  now  Mrs.  M.  D.  L.  Simpson,  of  Riverside.  Illi- 
nois; Albert,  now  deceased;  Gertrude;  Edna,  the  wife  of  Justin  K. 
Toles,  residing  in  California ;  and  Harry  H.  Barnum.  The  last  named 
is  a  successful  Chicago  lawyer  in  active  practice. 

The  late   Frederick  Hampden  Winston  was  a  fine  type  of   the 

courteous,  dignified  southern  gentleman,  united  to  the  energetic,  suc- 

^  cessful,  practical  man  of  the  North.     In  him  met  the 

„r  *    best  traits  of  the  Cavalier  and  the  Puritan,  and  nro- 

WlNSTON.  ,         ,        ,  ,  ,  1        ,.  ,.  r     , 

duced  a  breadth  and  solidity  of  character,  wit;',  a 

smoothness  and  richness  of  mental  composition,  which  made  him  a 

most  marked  character  among  the  many  strong  and  unique  men  of 

Chicago. 

Rev.  Dennis  M.  W^inston,  brother  of  Frederick  S.  W^inston,  a 
leading  merchant  of  New  York  City,  and  himself  a  talented  young- 
Presbyterian  divine,  in  the  early  years  of  the  nineteenth  century 
sought  the  milder  climate  of  the  South  for  the  benefit  of  his  failing 
health.  Locating  finally  in  Georgia  he  married  Miss  Mary  Mcin- 
tosh, granddaughter  of  the  distinguished  General  Mcintosh  and  a 
representative  of  one  of  the  first  families  of  that  state.  A  portion  of 
the  considerable  wealth  which  fell  to  this  J\lrs.  W'inston  consisted  of 
slaves.  At  their  home,  known  as  Sand  Hill,  Liberty  county,  Georgia, 
was  born  their  son,  Frederick  Hampden  \\'inston,  in  the  year  1830. 
on  the  20th  of  November.  When  he  was  five  years  of  age  his  parents 
removed  to  Kentucky,  locating  in  WoodforcJ  county,  and  with  a  spirit 
of  self-sacrifice  in  which  they  were  by  no  means  alone  among  the 
noble  families  of  the  South,  they  freed  their  bondsmen  because  of 
conscientious  scruples.  The  act  deprived  them  of  most  of  their 
wealth,  and  two  years  after  their  arrival  in  Kentucky  Mrs.  Winston 
passed  away.     Her  husband  survived  her  only  until  1842. 

At  the  aee  of  twelve  vears  Frederick  H.  was  therefore  left  with- 


638  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

out  parents  or  prospects  of  any  special  promise,  but  the  legacy  of  a 
splendid  character  left  by  his  cultured  and  Christian  parents  saved 
him  from  despondency  and  eventually  brought  him  along  the  high- 
road to  an  honorable  success.  He  was  educated  in  the  good  private 
schools  of  Kentucky  until  he  v/as  sixteen  years  of  age,  when  he  re- 
turned to  Georgia  to  engage  in  that  favorite  occupation  of  the  ambi- 
tious young  men  of  the  South,  the  manufacture  of  cotton.  For  the 
succeeding  two  years  he  was  engaged  in  learning  all  the  details  of 
the  industry,  and  in  1848,  when  but  eighteen  years  of  age,  he.  joined 
others  in  the  organization  of  a  company  which  sent  him  to  New  York 
to  superintend  the  construction  of  machinery.  His  task  was  satisfac- 
torily completed  by  1850,  and  he  returned  to  Georgia  to  open  the 
works,  but  as  capital  had  even  at  that  early  day  become  timid  in  the 
South  the  enterprise  was  not  placed  on  its  feet,  and  young  Winston 
determined  to  adopt  a  professional  life. 

Frederick  H.  Winston's  career  as  a  lawyer  opens  with  his  entrance 
as  a  student  to  the  office  of  Hon.  William  C.  Dawson,  then  United 
States  senator  from  his  native  state,  and  after  six  months  there  he 
entered  the  law  school  of  Harvard  College.  Prior  to  his  graduation 
in  1853  Mr.  Winston  had  the  enterprise  to  go  to  New  York  and  spend 
six  months  in  the  office  of  her  most  eminent  lawyer,  and  perhaps  the 
leader  of  the  American  bar,  Hon.  Wihiam  M.  Evarts.  Under  his 
able  guidance  he  was  soon  admitted  to  the  New  York  bar  and  in  1853 
was  prepared  for  practice  in  whatever  line  he  should  be  called. 

Locating  in  Chicago  in  that  year,  after  a  few  months  of  inde- 
pendent practice  he  associated  himself  with  Norman  B.  Judd,  one  of 
the  most  prominent  members  of  the  western  bar,  thus  establishing 
the  firm  of  Judd  and  Winston.  During  the  seven  years  of  their  fine 
and  large  practice  they  reached  a  high  position  as  corporation  lawyers, 
and  the  partnership  was  terminated  only  by  the  appointment  of  Mr. 
Judd  as  minister  to  Germany  by  President  Lincoln,  in  1861.  Latei-. 
he  was  identified  in  partnership  practice  with  Henry  W.  Blodgett, 
who  in  1870  was  appointed  by  President  Grant  to  the  bench  of  the 
United  States  district  court  at  Chicago.  Ahhough  these  national 
honors  reacted  favorably  upon  Mr.  Winston  as  a  lawyer,  indicative  as 
they  were  of  the  eminence  of  those  who  considered  it  mutually  ad- 
vantageous to  associate  professionahy  with  him,   at  the  same  time 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNT \  639 

they  involved  changes  and  readjustments  which  threw  heavy  bur('ens 
upon  him.  As  one  of  the  most  active  and  prominent  Democrats  in 
the  West  high  honors  had  repeatedly  been  urged  upon  him  by  both 
party  leaders  and  the  administration,  but  he  had  persistently  refused 
them  in  favor  of  professional  labor  and  progress,  and  during  the  fif- 
teen years  succeeding  Judge  Biodgett's  elevation  to  the  bench  he  be- 
came known  as  one  of  the  greatest  railroad  lawyers  in  America.  F(jr 
many  years  he  was  chief  general  counsel  for  the  Lake  Shore  c\: 
Michigan  Southern,  the  Chicago,  Rock  Island  &  Pacific  and  the 
Pittsburg,  Fort  Wayne  &  Chicago  railways,  serving  the  Pennsylvania 
line  for  two  decades  and  carrying  all  the  roads  through  some  of  ihe 
most  important  litigation  of  their  history.  After  about  thirty-two 
years  of  the  most  eminent  service,  not  only  in  railwa}'  law  but  in  the 
highest  grade  of  practice  in  botli  state  and  federal  courts^  Mr.  Winston 
retired  from  active  practice  in  1885. 

Mr.  Winston's  retirement  from  active  professional  work  was 
largely  determined  by  a  long -cherished  desire  to  travel,  especially  in 
the  countries  of  the  Orient.  He  had  been  for  twenty  years  an  active 
leader  in  the  Democratic  party,  and  was  a  national  fi.gure  in  its  delib- 
erations and  campaigns,  but  had  refused  Congressional  nominations 
and  all  public  preferment  of  a  permanent  character.  As  early  as  1868 
he  had  served  as  a  delegate-at-large  to  the  convention  which  nomi- 
nated Horatio  Seymour  to  the  presidency,  and  represented  Illinois  in 
the  national  convention  which  placed  Samuel  J.  Tilden  in  nomination. 
In  1884  he  was  a  district  delegate  to  the  convention  which  named 
Grover  Cleveland  as  the  standard  bearer  of  the  party,  and  during  his 
first  administration  held  the  closest  relations  to  the  president.  It  was 
in  recognition  of  his  eminent  qualities  that,  in  1885,  the  administra- 
tion appointed  Mr.  Winston  minister  to  Persia,  and  as  the  scene  of 
his  official  duties  allowed  him  a  splendid  opportunity  to  come  into 
close  touch  with  the  fascinating  life  of  the  East  he  readily  accepted 
the  proffer.  After  spending  about  a  year  in  the  discharge  of  his 
duties  in  connection  with  the  Persian  ministrv,  in  1886  he  resigned 
his  office  and  spent  a  period  of  travel  in  Russia,  Scandinavia  and 
other  countries.  Returning  to  Chicago  he  soon  embarked  in  various 
enterprises,  notably  that  of  the  Union  Stock  Yards  Company,  of  which 
he  became  president.     He  was  also  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Lin- 


640  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

coin  N  itional  Bank  and  long  served  on  its  directory,  and  for  twelve 
years  was  president  of  the  board  of  Lincoln  Park  commissioners. 

On  the  20th  of  August,  1855,  Mr.  Winston  was  married  to  Miss 
Maria  G.  Dudley,  daughter  of  the  well  known  Gen.  Ambrose  Dudley, 
of  Frankfort,  Kentucky.  Six  children  were  born  to  them,  and  be- 
sides Frederick  S.  (whose  biography  follows  this),  the  sons  were 
Dudle}  W.  and  Bertram  M.,  leading  brokers  of  Chicago.  Mrs.  Win- 
ston's decease  occurred  in  1885  and  Mr.  Winston  died  February  19, 
1904. 

Mr.  Winston  was  a  fine  illustration  of  the  courtly,  successful 
lawyer.  More  than  that,  he  was  a  lover  of  literature  and  the  arts, 
and  wa^  an  ardent  lover  of  music.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Ger.- 
mania  Maennerchor,  the  Union  Club,  the  Chicago  Club,  the  Iroquois 
Club,  and,  on  account  of  his  connection  with  the  Mcintosh  family, 
was  identified  with  the  Society  of  the  Cincinnati  and  the  Order  of 
the  Colonial  Wars. 

Frederick  S.  Winston  is  the  son  of  the  late  Frederick  H.  Winston, 
one  of  the  most  eminent  of  American  corporation  lawyers  and  for 

many  years  a  Democrat  of  national  prominence.     A 

,,.  ■     biography  of  the  elder  Winston,  including  much  of 

the  remarkable  family  history  in  both  paternal  and 
maternal  lines,  will  be  found  preceding  this  sketch.  Frederick  S. 
Winston  is  a  Kentuckian,  born  in  Franklin  county,  October  27,  1856, 
being  the  member  of  an  American  family  which  has  appeared  promi- 
nently in  the  epochs  of  several  generations.  His  grandfather  was 
Rev.  Dennis  M.  Winston,  a  graduate  of  Hamilton  and  Princeton  col- 
leges and  a  talented  clergyman  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  who  lo- 
cated in  Georgia  and  there  married  Miss  Mary  Mcintosh,  a  member 
of  one  of  the  most  distinguished  families  of  that  state.  On  account 
of  their  anti-slavery  sentimenrs  the  Winstons  moved  to  Kentucky, 
where  they  evinced  the  high  courage  of  their  convictions  by  liberat- 
ing their  slaves  despite  the  blow  which  the  act  dealt  to  their  family 
fortunes.  It  was  here  that  Frederick  Hampden  Winston  was  married 
to  Maria  G.  Dudley,  and  that  Frederick  S.,  their  eldest  son,  was  born. 

Mr.  Winston  has  lived  in  Chicago  since  childhood,  obtaining  his 
early  schooling  there,  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  entering  Yale  Col- 
lege, from  which  he  graduated  in  1877  as  Bachelor  of  Arts.     He  was 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUx\TY  041 

a  student  in  the  Columbia  Law  School,  in  1878  was  admitted  to  the 
Illinois  bar  and  in  that  year  became  associated  with  his  -father  as  a 
member  of  the  firm  of  F.  H.  and  F.  S.  Winston.  Three  years  later 
he  received  his  first  important  advance  in  the  profession  by  his  ap- 
pointment as  assistant  corporation  counsel,  conducting  its  duties  with 
such  credit  that  in  1884  he  v/as  made  corporation  counsel.  As  the 
head  of  that  important  legal  department  for  two  years  he  served  the 
city  with  such  devotion  to  its  interests  and  such  thorough  and  adroit 
knowledge  that  his  resignation  was  considered  a  severe  loss  to  the 
municipal  administration.  Such  a  course  on  Mr.  Winston's  part  was 
made  necessary  by  his  father's  retirement  from  active  practice  and  his 
departure  for  the  Orient  to  assume  his  duties  as  minister  to  Persia. 
At  that  time  the  younger  Winston  succeeded  to  much  of  his  father's 
practice,  and  he  has  since  added  so  much  by  his  own  initiative  and 
as  a  result  of  his  own  fine  abilities,  that  he  has  virtually  assumed  the 
high  position  as  a  corporation  lawyer  which  Frederick  H.  Winston 
maintained  for  so  many  years.  In  1886  he  became  solicitor  for  the 
Michigan  Central  Railroad,  and  still  retains  that  connection.  He  is 
also  counsel  and  director  of  the  Union  Stock  Yards  and  Transit  Com- 
pany, general  solicitor  of  the  Chicago  &  Alton  Railway  Company,  a 
director  of  the  Chicago  Breweries,  Limited,  counsel  and  director  of 
the  Chicago  Consolidated  Brewing  and  Malting  Company,  general 
counsel  of  the  Chicago  Junction  Railroad  Company,  director  of  the 
Standard  Trust  Company  of  New  York,  a  director  of  the  Stock  Yards 
Savings  Bank  and  of  the  United  States  Brewing  Company.  He  is  also 
the  legal  representative  of  all  the  above  corporations.  Since  1903 
he  has  been  the  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Winston,  Payne  and 
Strawn,  whose  offices  are  in  the  First  National  Bank  building,  and 
which  stands  among  the  most  substantial  and  progressive  of  combi- 
nations of  legal  talent  formed  within  recent  years. 

Mr.  Winston  was  married  June  26,  1876,  at  Philadelphia,  to  Miss 
Ada  Fountain,  and  their  children  are:  ■\Iervyn,  now  Mrs.  Dwight 
Lawrence;  Garrard  B.  and  Hanlpden.  Mr.  \\'inston  is  a  member  of 
the  Chicago  Historical  Society  and  of  the  Chicago,  Union.  Mid-Day. 
Chicago  Athletic,  Chicago  Golf,  Caxton  and  Saddle  and  Cycle  clubs. 
His  residence  is  at  576  North  State  street,  in  a  finished  and  beautiful 
district  near  Lincoln  Park,  and  his  family  is  considered  among  the 
really  cultured  society  of  the  city. 

Vol.   11—10 


642  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

John  P.  Wilson,  one  of  the  western  leaders  in  the  promulgation 
and  development  of  corporation  and  real  estate  law,  is  one  of  the  mem- 

bers   of   the  profession   who   has   always   been  en- 
;,.  ■  g-asred  in  large  affairs  and  yet  who  persistently  con- 

revs  the  impression  that  his  personality  is  larger 
than  his  performances.  His  creative  identification  with  the  Sanitary 
District  and  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition,  two  of  the  most  far- 
reaching  enterprises  with  which  the  name  of  even  Chicago  is  asso- 
ciated, has  perhaps  more  than  any  other  phase  of  his  professional 
life  brought  to  the  realization  of  the  public  Mr.  Wilson's  masterly 
knowledge  of  the  law,  his  deep  penetration  into  their  foundation 
principles,  and  the  broad  and  high  qualities  of  his  mind  abundantly 
able  to  apply  them  to  circumstances  and  affairs  without  parallel  in 
the  previous  history  of  municipalities. 

John  P.  Wilson,  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Wilson,  Moore 
and  Mcllvaine,  Chicago,  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Whiteside  county, 
July  3,  1844,  the  son  of  a  Scotchman,  Thomas  Wilson,  and  his  wife, 
Margaret  Laughlin.  He  began  his  education  in  the  district  schools, 
then  attended  Knox  College  at  Galesburg,  where  he  graduated  in 
1865,' and  after  two  years  divided  between  the  study  of  law  and  teach- 
ing school  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1857.  He  came  to  Chicago  the 
same  year,  and  for  forty  years  has  been  the  f)ermanent  member  of  a 
succession  of  law  firms.  The  firm  of  Borden,  Spafford  and  McDaid, 
which  he  first  entered,  was  dissolved  after  a  short  time,  and  for  two 
years  he  continued  practice  with  John  Borden.  In  1870  Spafford, 
McDaid  and  Wilson  was  organized,  and  after  various  changes  the 
■  firm  became  Wilson,  Moore  and  Mcllvaine,  of  which,  as  stated,  Mr. 
Wilson  Js  senior  partner.  In  corporation  and  real  estate  law  the 
firm  is  one  of  the  strongest  in  the  country. 

Mr.  Wilson's  connection  with  the  Sanitary  District  and  canal,  an 
enterprise  which  is  the  strongest  assurance  of  comparative  health  to 
a  cosmopolitan  community  of  which  history  furnishes  any  example, 
commenced  long  before  it  was  organized  or  the  first  shovelful  of 
dirt  had  been  scooped  from  the  earth.  The  law  establishing  the  dis- 
trict was  drafted  by  him,  and  that  there  should  be  no  doubt  of  the 
legality  of  the  action  of  the  board  under  the  law  steps  were  taken  to 
test  its  validity  before  the  courts.  Judge  O.  H.  Horton  sustained  the 
law  in  the  circuit  court,  and  his  decision  was  affirmed  on  appeal  to 


UCUQ  LIORARY 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  643 

the  supreme  court.  The  Sanitary  District  had  heen  estabHshed  by 
vote  of  the  people  in  November,  1889,  and  the  first  board  elected  a 
few  weeks  later.  Throughout  the  conduct  of  the  case  upon  which 
depended  its  existence  as  a  legal  body  the  Sanitary  District  board 
was  represented  by  Mr.  Wilson,  and  the  final  judicial  decision  was 
somewhat  in  the  nature  of  a  triumph  for  his  ability,  skill  and  original 
foresight. 

So,  also,  in  1890,  when  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  was 
in  its  early  formative  period,  simply  a  great  coming  event,  casting 
its  shadow  before,  Mr.  WilSon  was  elected  its  general  counsel,  and 
personally  supervised  the  drafting  of  the  constitutional  amendment 
and  the  legislation  passed  by  the  special  assembly  session  of  that  year 
necessary  to  bring  into  being  this  great  international  event  of  educa- 
tion and  fraternization. 

Such  broad  intellectual  powers  as  are  thus  illustrated  seem  all 
the  more  striking  in  view  of  Mr.  Wilson's  retiring  and  scholarly  dis- 
position. He  has  confined  himself  to  the  quieter  sides  of  life  and 
aside  from  the  earnest  performance  of  his  professional  duties  has 
seldom  crossed  the  threshold  of  public  affairs.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Chicago,  Union  League  and  University  clubs. 

On  April  25,  1871,  Mr.  Wilson  married  Miss  Margaret  C.  Mc- 
Ilvaine,  daughter  of  J.  D.  McTlvaine,  and  their  children  are  Margaret 
C,  Martha,  John  P.,  Jr.,  and  Anna  M.  The  family  residence  is  at 
No.  564  Dearborn  avenue. 

Elijah  Bernis  Sherman,  LL.  D.,.who  as  a  lawyer,  writer,  orator, 
critic  and  citizen  fills  a  conspicuous  place  in  Chicago,  is  a  descendant 

of  Samuel  Sherman,  who  came  from  England  in 
E.  B.  Sherman.  1637  and  settled  in  Connecticut.     General  William 

Tecumseh  Sherman  and  Hon.  John  Sherman  have 
traced  their  lineage  to  the  same  ancestor.  Ezra  Sherman,  grand- 
father of  Elijah  Bernis  Sherman,  removed  from  Connecticut  to  \'er- 
mont  near  the  beginning  of  the  nineteenth  century.  His  son,  Elias 
Huntington  Sherman,  married  a  granddaughter  of  Rev.  Peter  Wor- 
den,  a  distinguished  patriot  and  pioneer  preacher  who  holds  a  place 
of  honor  in  the  early  history  of  western  Massachusetts  and  southern 
Vermont.  Their  son,  Elijah  Bernis  Sherman,  was  born  in  Fairfield, 
Vermont,  June  18,  1832,  and  inherited  his  full  share  of  the  energy, 
courage,  self-reliance  and  ambition  which  characterized  his  ancestors. 


644  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Until  his  majority  he  hved  and  toiled  on  a  farm,  acquired  a  common 
school  education,  and  at  nineteen  began  teaching  a  district  school. 
His  boyhood  comprehended  the  almost  invariable  conditions  from 
which  the  energy  of  our  large  cities  is  each  year  recruited.  He  had 
ambition  without  apparent  opportunity,  a  taste  for  literature  without 
access  to  it,  a  predisposition  to  thoughtfulness  without  the  ordinary 
scholastic  channels  in  which  to  employ  it.  But  what  he  then  sup- 
posed were  limitations  upon  his  life  were  in  reality  the  highest  oppor- 
tunities. With  nature  for  a  tutor  and  himself  and  his  environment 
for  studies  he  found  a  school  from  which  the  city-bred  boy  is  barred 
and  whence  issue  the  men  who  in  city  and  country  make  events. 

Having  fitted  for  college  at  Brandon  and  Manchester,  Mr.  Sher- 
man entered  Middlebury  College  in  1856  and  was  graduated  with 
honors  in  i860.  Early  in  1862  he  resigned  as  principal  of  Brandon 
Seminary  and  assisted  in  raising  a  company  of  the  Ninth  Vermont 
Infantry;  enlisted  as  a  private  and  was  elected  second  lieutenant  upon 
the  organization  of  the  regiment.  In  September,  1862,  the  regiment 
was  captured  at  Harper's  Ferry,  paroled  and  sent  to  Camp  Douglas, 
Chicago,  to  await  exchange.  After  more  than  three  months  had 
passed  he  tired  of  enforced  idleness  and  in  January,  1863,  resigned 
his  commission  and  entered  the  law  department  of  the  Chicago  Uni- 
versity, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1864.  In  1884  he  was 
invited  to  deliver  the  annual  address  before  the  associated  alumni  of 
his  alma  mater  and  selected  the  law  for  his  theme.  The  address  was 
a  masterly  presentation  of  the  majesty  and  beneficence  of  the  law,  its 
supreme  importance  as  a  factor  of  civilization,  and  a  severe  arraign- 
ment of  the  defective  administration  of  the  criminal  law  by  the 
tribunals  of  the  country.  The  trustees  of  the  college  conferred  upon 
him  the  honorary  degree  of  LL.  D.,  a  distinction  more  highly  prized 
because  the  college  has  conferred  the  degree  upon  few  of  its  gradu- 
ates who  have  attained  eminence.  Since  1894  Mr.  Sherman  has  been 
one  of  the  trustees  of  the  college  and  actively  interested  in  its  admin- 
istration. 

Family  tradition  and  personal  experience  made  Mr.  Sherman  a 
stanch  Republican.  His  father  was  an  ardent  Abolitionist,  his  home 
being  a  station  on  the  Underground  Railroad,  where  fugitives  on 
their  way  to  Canada  found  a  refuge,  appearing  under  cover  of  'night, 
and  disappearing  as  mysteriously  as  they  came.     In  1876  Mr.  Sher- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  645 

man  was  elected  to  the  Illinois  house  of  representatives,  taking  at 
once  a  leading  position  in  that  body,  which  numbered  among  its  mem- 
bers some  of  the  most  prominent  men  in  Illinois.  As  chairman  of  the 
committee  on  judicial  department  he  assisted  in  securing  the  passage 
of  the  act  establishing  appellate  courts,  and  his  personal  and  profes- 
sional character  made  him  one  of  the  most  influential  supporters  of 
General  Logan  for  re-election  to  the  United  States  senate.  In  1878 
Mr.  Sherman  was  re-elected  to  the  general  assembly  and  became 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  corporations  and  a  member  of  the  com- 
mittee on  militia.  The  act  organizing  the  Illinois  National  Guard 
had  been  passed  in  1877,  and  at  the  legislative  session  of  1879  it  was 
amended,  amplified  and  largely  brought  into  its  present  shape.  The 
important  part  in  this  work  taken  by  Mr.  Sherman  was  recognized 
by  Governor  Cullom  by  his  appointment  to  the  position  of  judge  advo- 
cate of  the  first  brigade  with  the  rank  of  lieutenant  colonel,  in  which 
ofiice  he  served  until  1884.  Aside  from  his  service  in  the  state  legis- 
lature, he  has  never  held  or  desired  any  political  ofiice. 

Mr.  Sherman's  duties  as  master  in  chancery  of  the  United  States 
circuit  court  commenced  under  appointment  of  Judges  Harlan,  Drum- 
mond  and  Blodgett  in  1879.  ^^  that  capacity  his  penetrating  judg- 
ment and  judicial  acumen  have  had  full  and  continuous  exercise  and 
have  established  his  high  character  as  a  chancery  judge  and  won  the 
general  approval  of  attorneys  and  those  who  have  brought  matters 
before  him  for  adjudication.  In  1884  Mr.  Sherman  was  appointed 
chief  supervisor  of  elections  for  the  northern  district  of  Illinois,  and 
supervised  the  congressional  elections  until  the  time  of  the  repeal  of 
the  law  ten  years  later.  At  the  November  election  of  1892  he  ap- 
pointed fourteen  hundred  supervisors  who  registered  two  hundred 
and  sixty-seven  thousand  voters,  made  inquiry  as  to  their  right  to 
vote,  scrutinized  the  votes  cast  and  made  return  to  the  chief  super- 
visor as  to  the  results.  The  delicate  duties  of  this-  responsible  position 
were  performed'  so  ably  and  fairly  that  the  chief  supervisor  received 
unstinted  commendation. 

Mr.  Sherman  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Illinois  State  Bar 
Association,  which  was  organized  in  1877,  and  was  its  president  in 
1882.  He  became  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  Association  in 
1882  and  was  its  vice  president  from  Illinois  in  1885  and  1899.  He 
is  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason,  a  member  of  the  William  B.  War- 


646  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ren  Lodge,  Chicago  Commander}^  and  Oriental  Consistory.  In  Odd 
Fellowship  he  has  come  into  special  prominence,  having  been  grand 
master  of  the  grand  lodge  of  Illinois  and  grand  representative  to  the 
sovereign  grand  lodge.  His  patriotic  impulses  and  military  service 
drew  him  to  membership  in  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic  and  the 
Illinois  Commandery  of  the  Loyal  Legion.  He  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  the  Union  League  Club  and  is  still  one  of  its  most  hon- 
ored members.  He  has  been  for  many  years  a  member  and  an  officer 
of  the  American  Institute  of  Civics,  a  society  comprising  citizens  of 
every  state  of  high  character  and  commanding  influence.  He  is  also 
a  member  of  the  National  Municipal  League. 

His  fondness  for  good  literature  and  literaiy  companionship 
induced  him  to  become  a  member  of  the  Philosophical  Society,  the 
Saracen,  Alliance,  Oakland  Culture  and  Twentieth  Century  clubs. 
Of  several  of  these  he  was  made  president  and  contributed  greatly  to 
their  usefulness.  Mr.  Sherman  is  fond  of  belles  lettres  and  delights 
in  the  exquisite  charm  of  the  masterpieces  of  literature.  He  has 
written  many  essays  which  give  proof  of  excellent  literary  ability  and 
taste.  His  style  is  unique  and  vigorous,  enriched  by  a  chastened 
fancy  and  glowing  with  gentle  and  genial  humor. 

Proud  of  the  Green  Mountain  state  and  cherishing  its  memories 
glowing  with  the  radiance  of  heroic  deeds,  Mr.  Sherman  recalls  with 
pardonable  pride  what  his  ancestors  wrought  and  what  a  noble  heri- 
tage has  been  bequeathed  to  the  sons  and  daughters  of  New  England. 
It  naturally  follows  that  he  was  president  of  the  Illinois  Association 
of  the  Sons  of  Vermont  before  its  merger  into  the  New  England 
Society  of  Chicago,  and  he  has  served  two  years  as  president  of  the 
latter  society.  In  his  introductory  address  he  chanted  the  praise  of 
New  England  and  of  the  men  and  women  who  have  made  her  annals 
glorious  and  her  name  resplendent,  while  human  hearts  shall  beat 
responsive  to  heroic  deeds.  Touching  the  objects  of  the  society  he 
said : 

"Let  others  meet  to  chant  the  praises  of  science.  We  assemble  in 
the  name  of  a  pure  sentiment.  The  votaries  of  science  may  smile  at 
our  supposed  weakness;  we,  in  turn,  may  deride  their  affected  wis- 
dom, remembering  that  science  has  given  us  none  of  the  words  that 
touch  the  heart  and  unseal  the  deep  fountains  of  the  soul — friendship 
and  patriotism,  piety  and  worship,  love,  hope  and  immortality.     The 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  647 

sweet  solace  of  the  matchless  trinity — mother,  home  and  heaven — is 
neither  the  blossoming  of  reason  nor  the  product  of  scientific  re- 
search, but  the  efflorescence  of  a  divinely  implanted  sentiment.  Sci- 
ence, indeed,  is  the  primeval,  barren  rock ;  but  sentiment  disintegrates 
its  flinty  surface,  converts  it  into  fertile  soil,  gives  the  joyous  sunshine 
and  the  falling  rain,  brings  from  afar  the  winged  seed,  and  lo!  the 
once  sterile  surface  is  clad  with  pleasing  verdure,  rich  with  ripening 
grain,  fragra^it  with  budding  flowers,  and  vocal  with  the  hum  of 
living  things.'* 

In  kindly  remembrance  of  his  college  life  and  affiliations  and 
yielding  to  the  unanimous  wish  of  the  annual  conventions,  he  has 
been  elected  honorary  president  of  the  national  society  of  the  Delta 
Upsilon  fraternity  for  thirteen  years.  In  1894  he  delivered  a  scholarly 
address  at  the  convention  held  in  Chicago  on  "Scholarship  and  Hero- 
ism," a  few  sentences  of  which  will  illustrate  this  eloquent  appeal  to 
the  young  men  who  are  to  control  the  destinies  of  the  morrow : 

"Scholarship  holds  in  equilibrium  the  instrumentalities  and 
agencies  of  civilization,  even  as  gravitation  reaches  its  invisible  arm 
into  infinite  space  and  bears  onward  in  their  harmonious  orbits  un- 
counted worlds,  while  it  cares  tenderly  for  the  tiniest  grain  of  sand 
on  the  seashore  and  softly  cradles  in  its  bosom  the  fleeciest  cloud 
which  floats  across  the  sky.  From  the  serene  heights  where  scholar- 
ship sways  its  benign  scepter  its  message  has  come  to  you,  at  once  an 
invitation  and  an  imperative  summons.  You  have  been  bidden  to 
join  the  shining  cohorts  of  the  world's  greatest  benefactors.  You 
liave  obeyed  the  divine  mandate.  You  have  taken  upon  yourself  the 
tacit  vows  of  heroic  living.  You  are  dedicated  to  the  exalted  service 
of  scholarship;  its  sanctions  demand  your  instant  and  implicit  obedi- 
ence. Consecrated  to  this  ennobling  service,  this  priesthood  of  hu- 
manity, let  not  your  footsteps  falter,  nor  your  courage  fail.  Stand 
firm,  remembering-  the  words  of  the  Master:  'No  man  having  put 
his  hand  to  the  plow  and  looking  back  is  fit  for  the  kingdom  of  God.' 
If  heroic  impulse  comes  to  men  in  humble  life,  surely  it  can  come  no 
less  to  those  whom  culture  and  scholarship  have  broadened  and  en- 
riched and  ennobled.  If  opportunity  for  heroic  endeavor  comes  to 
those  whose  lives  run  in  narrow  channels,  much  more  does  it  come  to 
those  to  whom  the  world  is  indebted  for  its  advancement  and  ini 
provement." 

While  declaring  that  scholarship  and  heroism  are  allied  powers  of 
civilization  and  joined  by  di\ine  edict,  Mr.  Sherman  paid  a  beautiful 


648  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

tribute  to  the  humble  heroes  and  heroines  who  have  hved  and  died 
in  obscurity : 

"While  I  have  thus  emphasized  the  heroism  of  true  scholarship, 
and  cherishing  as  I  do  a  feeling  of  profound  reverence  and  admiration 
for  the  great  heroes  who  through  the  ages  have  wrought  grandly 
for  humanity  and  achieved  enduring  renown,  whose  inspired  utter- 
ances and  shining  deeds  have  been  graven  upon  imperishable  tablets 
and  who  have  bequeathed  to  us  and  all  coming  generations  the  inesti- 
mable legacy  of  their  illustrious  example,  I  must  yet  confess  a-  doubt 
whether  the  m^ost  magnificent  exemplars  of  heroism  have  not  been 
found  in  the  humbler  walks  of  life,  among  those  who  in  their  sim- 
plicity of  soul  and  modest  grandeur  of  character  never  dreamed  that 
in  all  the  essentials  of  true  manhood  and  womanhood  they  held  high 
rank  in  heaven's  untitled  aristocracy.  How  many  heroic  souls,  ob- 
scure and  unknown,  whose  names  have  perished  from  remembrance, 
were  wrought  and  fashioned  in  nature's  divinest  mold  and  have  made 
their  lives  sublime  by  gracious  deeds  of  beneficence  and  self-abnega- 
tion. As  the  most  delicate  and  fragrant  flowers  are  often  found 
nestling  modestly  among  the  dead  leaves,  or  peeping  timidly  forth 
from  some  shady  bower,  so  the  most  resplendent  virtues  blossom  and 
diffuse  their  sweet  aroma  beside  the  lowliest  and  roughest  paths  trod- 
den by  bruised  and  bleeding  feet.  The  rose  may  seem  to  add  pride 
to  peerless  beauty;  the  lily  to  minimize  its  delicacy  by  a  tacit  demand 
for  admiration ;  but  the  shy  arbutus  yields  its  unrivaled  fragrance  only 
to  the  earnest  wooer  who  seeks  it  with  loving  care  in  the  hidden  nook 
where  it  was  planted  b)''  fairy  hands  and  perfumed  by  the  breath  of 
dainty  dryads.  God  has  vouchsafed  to  the  world  no  choicer  bless- 
ing than  the  unconscious  heroes  and  heroines  who  give  to  earth  its 
greatest  charm,  and  without  whose  presence  heaven  would  suffer 
irreparable  loss." 

In  1866  Mr.  Sherman  was  married  to  Miss  Hattie  G.  Lovering, 
daughter  of  S.  M.  Lovering,  of  Iowa  Falls,  Iowa.  Mrs.  Sherman  is 
a  woman  of  excellent  judgment,  self-poised  and  self-reliant,  has  read 
widely  of  the  best  literature,  and  is  held  in  high  esteem  by  all  who 
know  her.  She  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Woman's  Club,  of  the 
Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
patriotic  society,  the  Dames  of  the  Loyal  Legion,  and  is  now  presi- 
dent of  the  national  society  of  that  order. 

Bernis  Wilmarth  Sherman,  their  only  son  now  living,  was  gradu- 
ated from  Middlebury  College  in  1890,  from  the  Northwestern  Uni- 
versity College  of  Law  in  1892,  and  is  now  assistant  city  attorney, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTV  649 

He  is  a  member  of  the  Loyal  Leijion  and  the  Cliicago  and  Illinois 
State  Bar  associations.  He  is  a  man  of  sterlini;  character  and  has 
achieved  an  excellent  reputation  as  a  lawyer,  a  man  and  a  citizen. 

Lockwood  Honore,  since  1903  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook- 
county,  comes  of  a  family  which  holds  a  remarkable  position  in  the 

material,  professional  and  cultural  development  of 
Lockwood        ,  ,        ,  ,^    .  ,  ' 

HoNORE  ^°^^^  ^'''^^^'  ^^  ^  ^''^"        Henry  Hamil- 

ton and  Eliza  ( Carr)  Honore,  beinj^  of  French  an- 
cestry on  the  paternal  side,  and  of  Enolish  on  the  maternal.     Jean 
Antoine  Honore,  the  great-grandfather,  was  a  native  of  Paris.  France, 
born  in    1755,  and  the  descendant  of  an  old  and  aristocratic  family. 
This  founder  of  the  American  branch  was  educated  for  the  priest- 
hood, but  as  he  was  an  ardent  democrat  both  by  temperament  and 
from  intimate  contact  with  Lafayette  embarked  for  the  United  States 
as  soon  as  he  had  attained  his  majority,  bringing  with  him  a  consid- 
erable patrimony  to  Baltimore,  Maryland,  where  he  settled  in   1781. 
Here  he  obtained  prominence  and  deep  respect,  and  in  1806  removed 
to  Louisville,  Kentucky,  whero  he  took  a  large  part  in  the  develop- 
ment of  the  pioneer  commerce  of  the  Ohio  and  ^Mississippi  valleys. 
He  was  proprietor  of  the  first  line  of  steamboats  which  plied  between 
Louisville  and  New  Orleans,  and  for  many  years  was  recognized  as 
an  energetic,  able  and  enterprising  citizen,  marked  for  both  practical 
ability  and  the  pleasing,  courtly  bearing  of  his  race.     He  died  in 
Louisville  in  1843,  among  his  surviving  children  being  Francis,  who 
had  been  born  in  Baltimore  in    1792.     The  latter  spent  his  life  as  a 
country  gentleman  on  his  beautiful  plantation  near  Louisville,  and 
married  Matilda  Lockwood,  the  beautiful  and  accomplished  daughter 
of   Captain   Benjamin   Lockwood,   of   the    L'nited    States   army.      A 
child  of  tliis  harmonious  union  is  Henry  H.   Honore,  father  of  the 
judge,  who  was  born  in  Louisville.  February   19,    18J4.      His  early 
years  were  spent  in  ac(|uiring  a  thorough  education,  and  in  home  life 
upon    his    father's   plantation,    alternated    by    visits    to    his   energetic 
grandfather  in  Louisville.     After  his   marriage  he  engaged  in   the 
wholesale  hardware  business  in  Louisville,  but  the  tales  toKl  by  his 
maternal  uncle,  Captain  Lockwood,  who  had  visited  Chicago  in  the 
early  days  of  Fort  Dearborn,  so  attracted  him  to  the  growing  lake 
port  that  in  1855  he  permanently  located  in  this  city.      Here  he  has 
since  remained,  his  investments  in  real  estate  having  long  since  made 


05U  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

him  independent,  and  his  continued  interest  in  Chicago's  parks  and 
boulevards  having  greatly  contributed  to  develop  its  unrivaled  sys- 
tem.    ' 

Lockwood  Honore  was  one  of  six  children,  and  was  born  in  Chi- 
cago on  the  /th  of  September,  1865.  After  passing  through  its  pub- 
lic schools,  he  was  prepared  for  college  at  Phillips  Exeter  Academy, 
and  became  a  student  at  Harvard  University.  In  1888  he  graduated 
from  that  institution  with  the  degree  of  A.B.,  and  later  pursued  a 
course  at  the  Harvard  Law  School,  from  which  he  received  the  LL.  B. 
in  1 89 1  (also  A.  M.).  Mr.  Honore  at  once  engaged  in  the  general 
practice  of  his  profession  in  Chicago,  and  continued  thus  until  elected 
to  the  circuit  judgeship  in  1901.  His  record  at  the  bar  and  upon  the 
bench  has  but  added  to  the  substantial  credit  and  popularity  of  the 
family  name. 

Judge  Honore  was  married  August  12,  1902,,  to  Miss  Beatrice 
Crosby,  and  one  child,  Bertha  Honore,  has  been  born  to  them.  The 
family  residence  is  at  No.  68  Cedar  street.  Judge  Honore  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Chicago,  University,  South  Shore  Country,  Saddle  and 
Cycle,  Chicago  Golf  and  Iroquois  clubs.  He  is  the  youngest  member 
of  the  family  which  is  so  interwoven  with  the  business  and  social 
annals  of  the  city.  Under  the  name  of  Honore  Brothers,  his  three 
brothers  conduct  a  large  real  estate  business;  his  elder  sister.  Bertha, 
is  the  widely  known  and  honored  Mrs.  Potter  Palmer,  while  his 
younger  sister,  Ida,  is  the  wife  of  Brigadier  General  Frederick  D. 
Grant,  grandson  of  the  great  commander  and  president,  and  himself 
high  in  military  and  diplomatic  life. 

Williston  Fish,  street  raihvay  man,  lawyer  and  author,  was  born 
at  Berlin  Heights,  Ohio,  January  15,  1858,  a  son  of  Job  and  Annie 

Elizabeth  (Peabody)  Fish.     His  ancestry  is  mostly 
Williston  Fish.  English  but  partly   Holland   Dutch.     The  earliest 

Fish  of  the  family  in  this  country  was  Thomas  Fisli 
who  was  born  at  Warwickshire,  England,  and  who  came  to  this  coun-, 
try  in  1637,  settling  at  Portsmouth,  Rhode  Island,  in  1643.  At  nearly 
the  same  time  W.  Fish's  mother's  earliest  American  ancestors  came 
from  England  to  Rhode  Island.  Annie  Elizabeth  Peabody  herself 
was  born  at  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  and  lived  there  until  she  was 
twelve  years  old,  when  her  family  moved  to  Geauga  county,  Ohio, 
lob  Fish  was  born  at  Hartland,  New  York.,  and  came  at  the  age  of 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  651 

eight  years  to  Geauga  county,  where  the  Fish  and  Peabody  grand- 
parents of  Wilh"ston  Fish  were  close  neighbors  for  a  great  many 
years. 

Job  Fish  was  the  principal  of  the  school  at  Rerlin  Heights  nmre 
than  thirty  years.  He  was  and  is  a  philosopher  and  a  wonderfully 
inspiring  and  wise  teacher.  From  liim  W'illiston  Fish  received  the 
greater  part  of  his  education.  In  1876  he  entered  Oberlin  as  a  fresh- 
man and  in  the  spring  of  1877  '1^  won  a  competitive  examination  for 
West  Point,  defeating  thirty- four  competitors.  Fie  received  his  ap- 
pointment to  the  United  States  Military  Academy  through  Charles 
Foster,  at  that  time  congressman,  and  later  secretary  of  the  treasury. 
He  was  graduated  high  in  the  West  Point  class  of  1881,  his  best 
standing  being  in  mathematics,  law  and  language.  Fie  was  commis- 
sioned second  lieutenant  of  the  Fourth  United  States  Artillerv  and 
served  at  Fort  Point,  California;  Fort  Trumbull,  Connecticut,  and 
Fort  Snelling,  Minnesota.  While  at  Fort  Trumbull  he  began  the 
study  of  law,  and  in  1887  he  resigned  from  the  army  and  came  to 
Chicago.  In  1889  he  began  his  street  railway  work  with  the  South 
Chicago  City  Railway.  The  road  was  a  small  one.  and  this  was 
fortunate,  for  it  gave  him  useful  experience  with  all  parts  of  the  busi- 
ness. He  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar.  In  1899  he  went  to  the 
newly  organized  Chicago  Union  Traction  Company,  and  did  an  im- 
mense amount  of  work  in  connection  with  the  operation  and  with  the 
legal  and  business  difficulties  of  that  company,  and  in  connection  with 
the  organization  and  installation  of  the  Chicago  Railways  Company. 
He  is  now  assistant  to  the  president  of  the  new  company. 

At  the  time  Mr.  Fish  was  in  the  army  there  was  but  little  military 
work  going  forward,  and  he  did  a  great  deal  of  writing — 800  or  1,000 
pieces  of  prose  or  verse — the  greater  part  of  which  appeared  in  Puck 
and  other  papers  of  the  kind  and  in  Harper's.  He  wrote  short  stories 
of  West  Point  and  the  army,  called  "Short  Rations,"  originally  pub- 
lished in  Puck  and  republished  by  Harper's.  A  prose  piece  that  he 
wrote,  called  "A  Last  Will,"  is  known  all  over  the  country.  He 
wrote  the  serious  sonnets  called  "Time."  which  appeared  in  Harper's 
Magazine.  As  a  writer  in  certain  fields  there  is  no  doubt  that  Willis- 
ton  Fish  is  a  master. 

September  22,  1881,  Mr.  Fish  was  married  to  Gertrude,  (.laughter 
of  Dwight  F.  Cameron,  one  of  the  leading  railroad  lawyers  of  the 


652  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

state.  They  have  three  children,  Cameron,  Gertrude  and  Josephine. 
The  family  resides  at  51 14  Madison  avenue.  Mr.  Fish  is  a  member 
of  the  Calumet  Golf  Club  and  of  the  Chicago  Press  Club. 

As  attorney  for  the  Sanitary  District  of  Chicago,  a  position  to' 
which  he  was  elected  June  10,   1907,  as  successor  of  E.  C.  Lindley, 

Mr.  John  C.  Williams  has  the  direction  and  legal 

^,%  "  charge  of  matters  which  concern  the  people  of  Chi- 

WlLLIAMS.  ^  ,         ,  ,  ,  1  , 

cago  as  closely  as  those  01  any  other  department  of 
the  public  service.  The  Drainage  Canal,  begun  some  fifteen  years 
ago  as  a  necessary  undertaking  for  safeguarding  the  city's  health 
has,  since  its  completion  in  1900,  assumed  a  vastly  increased  import- 
ance directly  affecting  the  welfare  and  contributing  to  the  financial 
benefit  of  every  resident  of  Chicago.  As  legal  adviser  for  the  sani- 
tary board  Mr.  Williams  has  been  given  a  place  of  great  responsi- 
bility, since  upon  his  decisions  and  aggressive  upholding  of  the  rights 
of  the  district  depends  the  value  of  the  canal  and  its  commercial  de- 
velopment as  the  rightful  property  of  the  people  who  built  it. 

Mr.  W^illiams  was  qualified  for  his  present  position  by  thirteen 
years  of  practice  in  Chicago  and  by  previous  experience  as  assistant 
attorney  for  the  Sanitary  District.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  near 
Lime  Springs,  Iowa,  May  8,  1873,  ^  son  of  Owen  E.  and  Ann 
(Thomas)  Williams,  natives  of  Wales,  the  father  having  been  born 
in  1835  and  the  mother  in  1837.  They  came  to  the  United  States 
about  1858,  locating  in  Racine  county,  Wisconsin,  about  1870  remov- 
ing to  Howard  county,  Iowa,  in  which  county  the  father  died  in  1901, 
after  spending  his  active  years  in  farming.  John  C.  Williams  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Iowa  and  South  Dakota,  graduating 
in  1 89 1  from  the  Aberdeen  (S.  D.)  high  school.  While  pursuing  his 
high  school  course  there  he  supplemented  his  resources  and  added 
to  his  experience  by  teaching  two  terms  of  country  school,  being  but 
sixteen  years  old  at  the  first  term.  In  1892,  coming  to  Chicago,  he 
entered  the  Chicago  College  of  Law  (the  law  department  of  Lake 
Forest  University),  from  which  he  graduated  in  1894,  being  ad- 
mitted to  the  Chicago  bar  in  June  of  the  same  year.  During  the  fol- 
lowing four  years  he  was  in  the  office  of  Dent  and  Whitman,  and  in 
1 90 1  began  practice  alone.  In  1904  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
Emery  S.  Walker,  and  they  practiced  together  one  year.  In  March, 
TQ06,   Mr.   Williams  received  his  appointment  as  assistant  attorney 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COLXJ  V  653 

to  the  Sanitary  Board,  and  a  little  more  than  a  year  later  was  elected 
by  the  board  to  his  present  position.  Mr.  Williams  is  a  Republican, 
and  served  as  a  member  of  the  Forty-fourth  general  assembly, 
1905-06.  He  married  in  1896  Miss  Lillian  F.  Whipple,  of  Evanston, 
where  they  reside  with  their  two  children — Gladys,  born  in  1898,  and 
Helen,  born  in  1900.  Mr.  Williams  affiliates  with  Evanston  Com- 
mandery.  No.  58,  K.  T.,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Evanston  Club  and 
the  Hamilton  Club  of  Chicago. 

Like  many  other  leading  and  honored  citizens  of  CliicagD.  Judge 
Judson  Freeman  Going,  of  the  municijial  court,  is  a  native  of  the 

state  of  Illinois.  His  birthplace  was  a  farm  near  Ga- 
J.  F.  Going,  lena,  in  Jo  Daviess  county,  in  a  district  distinguished 
in  history  as  tlie  home  of  the  great  silent  soldier. 
President  General  Grant,  and  that  dean  of  diplomats,  Elihu  B.  Wash- 
burn. On  November  29,  1857,  our  future  jurist  first  saw  the  light. 
His  father,  Adoniram  Judson  Going,  was  descendant  from  and  closely 
related  to  families  of  celebrated  educators  and  philanthropists,  and 
his  mother,  Mary  A.  Clendening,  also  of  cultivated  and  superior  de- 
scent, was  a  woman  of  fine  spirit,  strong  character  and  unusual  quali- 
ties of  mind  and  heart.  His  father  dying  in  1869,  left  the  care  and 
training  of  the  lad  to  tlie  miiternal  parent,  and  thoroughly  and  well 
were  these  duties  and  obligations  discharged. 

In  the  decade  following  the  war  the  country  educational  institu- 
tion was  the  "district  school'"  and  the  only  available  avenue  open  to 
the  rural  youth  of  that  era  for  the  larger  education  that  the  ambitious 
sought.  To  this  the  boy  was  sent  for  the  rudiments,  and  h.cre  he 
mastered  them.  When  in  1873  the  family  removed  to  Chicago,  and 
the  doors  of  the  city  schools  invited  the  young  students  to  enter,  he 
availed  himself  of  their  advantages  and  thus  and  therein  fitted  him- 
self to  teach  in  the  country  schools  in  the  neighborhood  of  the  metro- 
polis of  the  lakes.  But  thirst  for  knowledge  such  as  his  could  ni>t  be 
quenched  except  at  large  fountains,  and  later  we  discover  him  a  stu- 
dent entering  the  State  University  of  his  native  Illinois.  This  splen- 
did public  institution  of  liberal  learning  had  then  licgun  to  give  evi- 
dence of  its  great  possibilities  under  tlie  magnificent  regency  of  Dr. 
Gregory,  one  of  the  foremost  educators  of  his  generation,  who 
strengthened  its  already  capable  faculty,  enlarged  its  equipment  and 
laid  foundations  broad  and  deep  on  which  are  built  the  present  ample 


654  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

state  establishment  at  Champaign.  The  alumni  of  the  State  Uni- 
versity bear  abundant  testimony  by  their  achievements  in  state  and 
nation,  in  the  learned  professions  and  in  financial  and  commercial 
life,  of  the  character  of  the  training  with  which  they  were  there 
endowed.  In  those  days  the  acquisition  of  a  university  course 
meant  vastly  more  of  labor  and  sacrifice  than  it  suggests  in 
these  times  of  universal  college  opportunities.  Thus  the  young  stu- 
dent, under  the  inspiration  of  his  devoted  mother  and  by  his  own 
efforts,  won  his  education  and  at  once  put  into  service  what  he  had 
acquired.  After  his  graduation  in  1883  he  took  up  the  study  of  the 
law.  His  systematic  course  was  obtained  in  the  Union  College  of 
LaM^,  from  which,  in  1885,  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
LL.  B.  and  within  a  month  thereafter  he  was  admitted  to  practice  in 
the  supreme  court  of  Illinois.  Since  that  time  he  has  with  character- 
istic industry  and  intelligence  applied  himself  to  the  successful  prac- 
tice of  his  profession.  Not  long  after  his  admission  to  the  bar  he  was 
appointed  by  Governor  Richard  J.  Oglesby  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and 
was  reappointed  at  the  expiration  of  his  term,  resigning,  with  a  splen- 
did record,  to  accept  the  appointment  of  trial  lawyer  in  the  office  of 
the  late  Judge  Joel  M.  Longenecker,  then  state's  attorney  of  Cook 
county.  Until  December,  1892,  he  filled,  with  high  credit,  this  im- 
portant position,  when  he  became  associated  with  Hon.  Charles  G. 
Neely,  who  was  afterwards  for  eight  years  circuit  court  judge  of  Cook 
count)^  For  upwards  of  three  years  following  1894  he  acted  as  gen- 
eral counsel  for  the  Calumet  Electric  Street  Railway  Company  and 
from  December,  1904,  until  his  election  to  a  full  term  of  six  years 
to  the'  municipal  court  judgeship,  he  was  assistant  state's  attorney 
under  Hon.  John  J.  Healy,  having  charge  specifically  of  the  indict- 
ment department. 

Judge  Going  has  always  been  deeply  interested  in  local  govern- 
mental affairs.  He  has  particularly  given  of  his  thought  and  time 
to  a  study  of  all  matters  pertaining  to  the  welfare,  representation  and 
public  service  of  his  home  ward  and  division.  In  politics  he  has  ever 
been  an  active  and  consistent  Republican,  and  for  many  3^ears  he  has 
been  among  the  leading  managers  and  workers  in  the  former  Twen- 
tieth (the  present  Twenty-fourth)  ward.  He  is  a  member  of  a  num- 
ber of  prominent  bodies,  clubs  and  societies',  among  them  being  the 
Chicago   Bar   Association,    Ihinois   Athletic   Club,    Marquette    Club, 


TH  : 

I'UBLIC    LLiRAKY 


ASTOR,  LENOX  ANB 
riLOEN  FOUNDATIONS 


JOHN  P.  McGOORTY 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 


OD 


Royal  League,  National  Union,  Columbian  Knights  and  the  Masons. 
His  sympathies  have  always  been  strongly  enlisted  in  behalf  of  every 
movement  in  aid  of  juvenile  dependents,  delinquents  and  defectives, 
and  he  is  a  director  of  the  Chicago  Boys'  Club. 

Judge  Going's  home  life  has  been  ideal.  On  July  16,  1885.  he 
v^as  married  to  Miss  Gertrude  Avery,  of  Eau  Claire,  Wisconsin,  and 
three  children,  Grace,  May  and  Judson  Freeman  Going,  Jr.,  have 
come  to  them.  The  judge  for  a  number  of  years  has  been  the  leader 
of  a  class  in  the  North  Division  which  bears  his  name.  He  has  also 
been  and  is  a  prominent  member  and  officer  of  the  Fullerton  Avenue 
Presbyterian  church. 

John  P.  McGoorty,  of  Chicago,  is  an  able  member  of  the  bar.  a 

leader  of  the  state  Democracy,  and  a  citizen  who  has  impressed  the 

^  force  and  straightforwardness  of  his  character  upon 

I OTTN     r 

T,r  r^         '         the  legislation  and  institutions  of  Illinois.     He  was 
McGooRTY.       ,  .      .   ,     ,    ,  ^,  .      .      , 

born  m  Ashtabula  county,  Ohio,  m  the  year  1866, 

and  when  he  was  four  years  of  age  his  parents,  Peter  and  Mary  Mc- 
Goorty, moved  with  their  two  children  to  Berlin,  Wisconsin.  There 
the  boy  attended  the  public  schools  until  his  seventeenth  year,  when 
he  went  to  work  in  his  father's  grocery  store.  In  1884  h^  went  to 
Colorado  for  his  health,  but  returned  to  Berlin  the  following  year, 
and  entered  the  employ  of  Stillman,  Wright  and  Company  as  book- 
keeper and  later  as  traveling  salesman. 

In  1886  Mr.  McGoorty  became  a  Chicago  resident,  and  four  years 
later  resigned  his  position  with  the  Wisconsin  firm,  but  continued  to 
sell  flour  on  commission  in  order  to  meet  the  expenses  of  his  legal 
education,  which  he  had  commenced  at  the  Chicago  College  of  Law. 
In  1892  he  graduated  from  that  institution  as  president  of  his  class. 
The  following  year  he  took  the  post-graduate  course  and  was  given 
the  regular  degree  of  LL.  B.  On  November  30th  of  the  same  year 
he  married  ]\Iiss  Alary  E.  Wiggins;  so  that  it  is  a  doubly  significant 
year  of  his  life.  Since  his  graduation  Mr.  McGoorty  has  been  en- 
gaged in  active  practice,  interspersed  with  his  activities  in  politics 
and  reformatory  work  in  connection  with  both  the  municipality  and 
the  state.  Tie  is  now  the  senior  member  of  the  well  known  law  firm 
of  McGoorty  and  Pollock,  and  one  of  the  faculty  of  the  Lincoln  Law 
School,  where  he  lectures  on  "Negotiable  Instruments." 

Mr.    McGoorty's  prominent   connection  with   politics   and   public 


656  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

life  commenced  in  1895,  when  he  became  the  Democratic  candidate 
for  alderman  of  the  old  Thirty- fourth  ward.  In  1896  he  was  elected 
to  the  state  legislature  from  the  Hyde  Park  district,  and  was  re- 
elected in  1898,  1904  and  1906.  During  his  first  term  in  1897  he 
became  conspicuous  by  his  fight  against  the  Humphrey  and  Allen  bills 
and  as  the  Democratic  minority  leader  he  successfully  urged  the  repeal 
of  the  Allen  law.  At  the  same  session  he  secured  a  solid  party  vote 
against  the  Berry  bill,  whose  effect  would  have  been  (had  it  become 
law)  to  make  Illinois  a  state  promoter  of  trusts.  In  1899  and  1905 
Mr.  McGoorty  came  to  the  front  as  a  strong  champion  of  various 
bills  authorizing  the  municipal  ownership  and  regulation  of  gas  and 
electric  lighting  plants.  Although  these  measures  were  defeated  as  a.. 
whole,  their  agitation  resulted  in  legislation  by  which  Chicago  is  au- 
thorized once  in  five  years  to  fix  a  maximum  price  for  light,  and 
which  at  once  was  the  means  of  reducing  the  price  of  gas  from  one 
dollar  to  eighty-five  cents  per  thousand  feet.  In  the  session  of  1905 
Mr.  McGoorty  was  also  a  leader  in  the  movement  which  placed  the 
charitable  institutions  of  the  state  under  civil  service  rules,  and  dur- 
ing the  sessions  both  of  1905  and  1907  earnestly  and  effectively  op- 
posed the  machine  leaders  in  favor  of  the  present  direct  primary 
law.  It  should  also  be  recorded  that  he  has  been  a  supporter  of  recip- 
rocal demurrage  bill,  the  fellow  servant  bill,  the  coal  miners'  bill  and 
other  measures  of  a  kindred  nature  which  do  not  directly  affect  his 
municipal  constituents.  He  has  always  stood  for  an  efficient  but 
economical  and  honest  administration  of  all  the  state  institutions  and 
departments,  being  one  of  the  most  faithful  and  useful  members  of 
the  legislative  com.mittee  which  investigated  the  condition  of  the  state 
charitable  institutions  in  the  early  part  of  1908.  Mr.  McGoorty  was 
the  author  of  the  Chicago  Charter  Convention  bill,  and  an  active 
member  of  the  Chicago  Charter  Convention.  His  record  as  a  legis- 
lator and  a  man  has  earned  him  the  repeated  endorsement  of  the  Legis- 
lative Voters'  League,  and  in  August,  1908,  he  was  a  candidate  for 
the  Democratic  nomination  for  governor  of  Illinois,  and  the  only 
candidate  of  his  party  indorsed  by  the  Illinois  Federation  of  Labor 
and  the  Cnited  Mine  Workers  of  America. 

Mr.  McGoorty  is  a  member  of  the  American,  State  and  Cook 
County  Bar  associations,  and  is  identified  with  the  Iroquois,  Jefferson, 
City   and   Chicago  Athletic   clubs.      He   is   also  connected   with   the 


■■i'lt«mi__]M  ■ 


THE  NEW  YORK 

rUDLlC   Li3RARY 


ASJ- 


ND 


erz^;y^.,^z^£,iy^ 


€^^Zi^. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  657 

Royal  League,  Knights  of  Columbus,  Catholic  Order  of  Foresters, 
and  Ancient  Order  of  Hibernians.  He  resides  at  6204  Kimbark  ave- 
nue, his  domestic  circle  consisting  of  his  wife  and  four  children. 

Charles  Solon  Thornton,  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Thornton 
and   Chancellor,   and  acknowledged   to  have  been   one  of  the  most 

efficient  corporation  counsels  who  ever  served  the 

„  ■      city,  is  a  native  of  Massachusetts,  born  in  Boston, 

Thornton.        .>  tt-  r^  ,  ,   ^     ,  ,- 

1 85 1.      His   parents  were   Solon  and   Cordelia   A. 

(Tilden)  Thornton,  born  respectively  in  New  Hampshire  and  the  Old 
Bay  state.  He  therefore  had  the  natal  benefit  of  sturdy  and  cultured 
New  England  ancestry,  and  his  physical  characteristics  and  mental 
organization  indicate  as  much.  When  the  boy  had  mastered  the  ele- 
mentary branches  in  the  public  schools  of  Boston  he  entered  the 
famous  Boston  Latin  School,  which  has  guided  the  youthful  mental 
training-  of  so  many  national  characters,  and  after  faithfully  pursu- 
ing a  six  years'  course  therein  became  a  student  of  Harvard  Uni- 
versity. 

Graduating  from  Harvard  College  with  the  degree  A.  B.,  Mr. 
Thornton  decided  to  make  the  city  of  Chicago  his  future  home,  rea- 
soning, as  did  many  other  far-seeing  men,  that  there  lay  before  it  a 
brilliant  period  of  reconstruction,  which  presented  to  those  who  could 
see  the  oppartunities  for  personal  development  not  found  elsewhere 
in  the  country.  While  in  college  he  commenced  the  study  of  the 
law  and  took  a  two  years'  course  in  the  Roman  and  in  the  English 
law.  Upon  graduation  he  entered  the  Boston  Law  School  and  con- 
tinued there  until  March,  1873,  when  he  came  to  Chicago,  and,  con- 
tinuing his  studies  in  the  office  of  Isham  and  Lincoln,  passed  his  ex- 
amination for  admission  to  the  bar  before  the  supreme  court  in  Sep- 
tember, 1873.  Immediately  th.ereafter  he  opened  an  office  in  Cliicago 
and  entered  into  practice  alone.  At  a  later  date  he  entered  into  part- 
nership with  Justus  Chancellor,  which  connection  still  continues,  and 
the  firm  of  Thornton  and  Chancellor  has  become  one  of  the  most 
prosperous  and  professionally  substantial  in  the  city.  The  firm  has 
made  a  specialty  of  corporation  and  real  estate  law,  although  Mr. 
Thornton  also  made  for  himself  a  high  reputation  in  the  trial  of  sev- 
eral important  criminal  cases.  Perhaps  the  most  notable  case  of  this 
character  in  which  he  has  licen  engaged  was  the  Rand  McNally- 
Williams'  embezzlement  and  forgery  matter.     Appearing  for  the  de- 

voi.  11—11 


658  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

fendant,  he  delivered  a  speech  to  the  jury  of  two  days'  duration  at 
the  conclusion  of  a  trial  which  lasted  six  weeks,  and  his  earnestness, 
zeal  and  eloquence  won  the  case  and  added  to  his  already  high  repu- 
tation as  a  jury  advocate.  The  bulk  of  the  cases  which  he  has  con- 
ducted, however,  have  involved  large  property  or  corporate  interests, 
and  he  is  recognized  by  the  bar  and  real  estate  men  as  an  authority 
on  all  matters  connected  with  that  class  of  litigation.  Care  and  pre- 
cision mark  the  preparation  of  all  his  cases  of  whatever  nature,  his 
thoroughness  of  preparation  insuring  a  convincing  and  clear  presen- 
tation of  whatever  subject  comes  before  him  for  adjustment. 

In  1888,  previous  to  the  annexation  of  the  Town  of  Lake,  which 
at  that  time  contained  one  hundred  thousand  inhabitants,  Mr.  Thorn- 
ton was  selected  for  the  office  of  corporation  counsel  of  Lake,  and 
most  efficiently  served  in  that  capacity.  In  1897  he  became  corpora- 
tion counsel  of  Chicago,  and  in  the  performance  of  his  duties  his  pro- 
fessional courtesy  and  marked  ability  gained  him  general  esteem,  ir- 
respective of  political  affiliations.  In  the  administration  of  that  office 
he  made  many  changes.  He  refused  to  accept  for  himself  and  his 
assistants  passes  issued  and  presented  by  the  railroad  companies.  He 
reorganized  the  Special  Assessment  Department  and  rigidly  enforced 
a  rule  permitting  no  reduction  whatever  for  political  or  personal  fa- 
vorites in  the  amount  of  any  special  assessments,  excepting  as  ordered 
by  the  court  after  a  hearing  upon  the  merits.  During  his  term  3,039 
cases  in  courts  of  record  other  than  the  supreme  court  were  tried,  and 
but  sixty  were  lost.  Of  2,355  special  assessment  cases  twenty-nine 
were  lost.  In  the  Illinois  supreme  court  eighty-seven  cases  were  tried, 
of  which  seventeen  were  lost.  Of  3,553  legal  opinions  rendered  to 
the  council  and  several  departments  of  the  city  government  but  three 
were  ever  successfully  attacked. 

The  corporation  counsel  passes  upon  the  validity  of  all  claims 
against  the  city,  and  in  this  line  of  duty  Mr.  Thornton  was  of  especial 
service  to  Chicago.  He  rejected  claims  aggregating  over  $15,000,- 
000  which  he  thought  unjust.  Many  and  powerful  interests,  both 
political,  business  and  personal,  were  often  opposed  to  Mr.  Thornton 
in  these  matters  and  were  often  bitter  in  defeat.  As  one  instance, 
a  claim  of  $700,000  was  presented  by  a  contracting  firm.  After 
months  of  endeavor  the  claimants  obtained  the  consent  of  the  finance 
committee  to  a  settlement  of  $400,000.     Mr.  Thornton,  whose  en- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  059 

dorsement  was  requested,  declined  to  give  it,  but  when  threatened 
stated  to  a  committee  that  he  would  go  into  court  as  a  private  prop- 
erty owner  and  enjoin  the  payment,  if  such  settlement  were  made. 
The  supreme  court  sustained  his  position  when  it  later  passed  upon 
the  merits  of  this  claim.  Many  other  amounts  were  saved  after  simi- 
lar contests.  The  bitterness  of  many  of  these  claimants  can  hardly 
be  realized,  but  Mr.  Thornton  performed  his  work  with  an  eye  only 
to  the  welfare  of  the  city  and  the  validity  of  these  claims.  Upon 
retiring  from  this  position  Mr.  Thornton  received  from  the  mayor 
a  letter  containing  the  following  unsolicited  endorsement : 

"In  accepting  your  resignation  I  desire  to  congratulate  you  upon 
the  splendid  service  that  you  have  given  to  the  city  in  the  past  two 
years.  I  think  it  is  generally  understood  among  lawyers  that  the 
work  of  the  department  has  never  been  in  as  good  shape  or  so  thor- 
oughly cleaned  up  as  it  is  at  the  present  time,  and  this  condition  is 
unquestionably  due  to  the  discipline  you  have  installed  in  the  depart- 
ment, as  well  as  your  own  personal  ability  and  industry. 

"Please  accept  my  thanks,  ^md  as  far  as  I  am  able  to  give  them, 
the  thanks  of  the  city  of  Chicago,  for  the  splendid  service  you  have 
rendered  as  corporation  counsel." 

Before  1897,  in  matters  connected  with  the  educational  adminis- 
tration and  progress  of  the  county  and  state,  Mr.  Thornton  had  al- 
ready gained  much  prominence.  In  1889  he  was  elected  president 
of  the  board  of  education  of  Auburn  Park,  his  place  of  residence, 
and  later  was  elected  both  a  member  of  the  Cook  county  and  Chicago 
boards  of  education.  The  governor  also  honored  him  with  member- 
ship on  the  state  board.  Among  other  educational  reforms  and  en- 
terprises placed  to  the  credit  of  Mr.  Thornton  are  the  college  prepar- 
ator}^  course  of  study  and  the  suggestion  of  the  system  of  truant 
schools.  His  investigation  of  the  Cook  County  Normal  School,  with 
subsequent  published  observations,  led  to  many  needed  reforms  in 
that  institution,  gained  wide  attention  and  further  strengthened  his 
standing  as  an  able  advocate  and  promoter  of  educational  reform  and 
progress.  In  1895  he  also  framed  the  teachers'  pension  bill,  and 
through  his  influence  it  became  a  law,  probably  the  first  of  its  kind 
in  this  country.  Both  practical  and  scholarly,  j\Ir.  Thornton  is  ad 
mirably  equipped  to  take  the  leading  part  he  has  assumed  in  all  mat- 


66o  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ters  connected  with  the  administration  and  legislation  of  the  public 
school  systems  of  city,  county  and  state. 

On  September  lo,  1883,  Mr.  Thornton  was  married  to  Miss  Jes 
si'e  F,  Benton,  of  Chicago,  daughter  of  Francis  Benton,  a  native  of 
Vermont,  and  Esther  Kimball  Benton,  a  native  of  Indiana.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Thornton  have  four  children,  whose  names  are  Mabel  J.,  Pearl 
Esther,  Hattie  May  and  Chancellor  B.  Mr.  Thornton  is  a  Knight 
Templar  and  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason  an  an  Odd  Fellow,  and 
both  in  fraternal  and  social  circles  is  welcomed  as  a  genial,  courteous 
and  cultured  gentleman,  whose  acquaintanceship  soon  ripens  into 
enduring  friendship. 

Elbridge  Hanecy,  ex-judge  of  the  circuit  and  superior  courts,  is 

among  the  best  known  Repubhcans  of  Chicago,  and  as  a  jurist  has 

always  stood  in  the  front  rank.     He  is  a  Wisconsin 

man,  born  on  the  i sth  of  March,   i8S2,  a  son  of 
Hanecy  . 

William  and  Mary  (Wales)  Hanecy.     His  parents 

were  both  natives  of  Massachusetts,  from  which  state  they  removed 
to  Wisconsin  about  two  years  before  Judge  Hanecy's  birth.  The 
father  served  in  the  Mexican  war  as  a  non-commissioned  officer  and- 
was  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits  in  Springfield,  Massachusetts, 
prior  to  his  removal  to  the  west.  On  his  arrival  in  the  Badger  state 
he  purchased  a  tract  of  land  in  Dodge  county,  upon  which  he  con- 
ducted agricultural  pursuits  until  his  death  in  1852.  The  mother 
afterward  married  Albert  Littell,  who  served  in  the  war  of  the  Re- 
bellion and  died  on  his  way  home  after  the  close  of  hostilities. 

Judge  Hanecy  acquired  his  primary  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  his  native  county  of  Dodge,  which  was  supplemented  by  a  course 
at  the  College  of  Milwaukee.'  He  was  early  attracted  by  the  typical 
energy  and  enterprise  of  the  Chicago  spirit,  and  in  1869  came  to  the 
city  to  accept  a  position  with  Field,  Leiter  and  Company,  his  life 
lines  at  that  time  seeming  to  be  drawn  along  the  path  of  commerce 
and  trade,  as  were  those  of  his  father  in  his  active  years.  Elbridge 
remained  with  the  above  named  firm  until  the  great  fire  of  1871, 
subsequently,  for  a  short  time,  being  with  John  V.  Farwell  and  Com- 
pany. Finding,  however,  that  his  tendencies  and  strong  tastes  were 
toward  intellectual  rather  than  purely  commercial  pursuits,  he  turned 
confidently  to  the  law  as  the  most  promising  field  to  cultivate. 

As  a  law  student  the  judge  first  appeared  in  the  office  of  Hervey, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  66i 

Anthony  and  Gait,  of  whom  the  last  named  (A.  T.  Gait)  is  still  alive 
and  in  practice  with  his  son.  Elhridge  Hanecy  remained  with  that 
firm  until  he  was  prepared  for  practice,  his  admission  to  the  bar  oc- 
curring September  ii,  1874.  He  immediately  entered  upon  active 
professional  work,  and  practiced  alone  until  1889,  when  he  formed  a 
partnership  with  George  P.  Merrick,  who  had  also  been  a  student 
under  the  preceptorship  of  Hervey,  Anthony  and  Gait.  The  firm 
of  Hanecy  and  Merrick  thus  formed  conducted  a  successful  business 
and  remained  intact  until  the  election  of  the  senior  member  to  the 
circuit  bench  of  Cook  county  in  November,  1893. 

After  an  able  and  most  satisfactory  service  of  nearly  two  years 
Judge  Hanecy  was  assigned  as  chancellor  of  the  circuit  court,  in  Jul  v. 
1895.  He  was  re-elected  to  the  circuit  Ijench  in  June,  1897,  for  a 
term  of  six  years.  His  judicial  decisions  were  marked  by  clearness, 
force  and  thoroughness,  and,  while  positive,  his  manner  was  alwavs 
dignified.  That  the  general  public  had  the  utmost  confidence  in  him 
both  as  a  judge  and  a  man  is  evident  from  various  circumstances 
which  occurred  without  the  pale  of  his  court;  since  three  times  dur- 
ing his  occupancy  of  the  circuit  bench  he  was  selected  as  umpire  of 
the  board  of  arbitration — the  second  and  third  years  unanimously — 
for  the  adjustment  of  differences  between  the  bricklayers'  and  stone- 
masons' associations  and  their  employers.  When  it  came  to  entering 
the  domain  of  "practical  politics,"  however,  it  may  be  that  Judge 
Hanecy  was  too  outspoken ;  at  all  events  in  his  race  for  the  mayor- 
alty, as  a  Republican  candidate  in  1901,  he  was  defeated.  Since  that 
time  he  has  served  an  unexpired  term  on  the  superior  bench,  from 
January  to  December,  1904,  and  is  again  engaged  in  private  practice. 
As  a  lawyer  he  has  ever  been  a  master  of  details  and  of  fundamental 
principles,  incisive  and  logical  in  his  arguments,  effective  in  his  deliv- 
ery and  straightforward  in  his  methods  and  manner. 

On  the  ist  of  March,  1876,  Judge  Hanecy  was  married  to  Miss 
Sarah  Barton,  a  daughter  of  \Villiam  A.  Barton,  and  they  have  six 
children:  Olive,  now  Mrs.  R.  H.  Neumeister;  Edith,  Ruth,  Myra, 
Hazel  and  Harriette.  Their  only  son  is  deceased.  The  judge  is 
prominently  identified  with  a  number  of  social  and  political  clubs, 
including  the  Union  League,  Hamilton,  Chicago  Athletic,  Marquette. 
Mid-Day  and  Washington  Park  clubs.  Those  who  know  Judge 
Hanecv  need  not  be  told  that  he  is  a  broad-minded  citizen  of  sterling 


662 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 


worth,  steadfastly  interested  in  all  public  measures  which  promise  to 
be  of  practical  good,  and  those  who  are  not  acquainted  with  him  may 
have  the  full  assurance  of  his  legion  of  friends  to  that  effect. 

One  of  the  youngest  and  most  efficient  members  of  the  bench  in 
the  state,  Lewis  Rinaker  comes  naturally  by  his  ability  and  sturdiness 

of  character.  The  county  judge  of  Cook  county  was 

Lewis  ^^^.^^  ^^  Carlinville,  Illinois,  in  the  year  1868,  and  is 

the  youngest  of  four  sons  comprising  the  family  of 

General  John  I.  and  Clarissa  (Keplinger)  Rinaker.     His  father,  who 


LEWIS    RINAKER. 


for  many  years  has  been  an  eminent  lawyer  and  public  man,  as  well 
as  an  honored  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  is  a  native  of  Baltimore,  Mary- 
land, where  he  was  born  in  1830.  By  the  death  of  his  parents  he  was 
thrown  upon  his  resources  at  a  very  early  age,  coming  to  Illinois 
when  six  years  of  age  and  living  with  John  T.  Alden,  in  Sangamon, 
until  1840.  Subsequently  he  was  employed  on  a  farm  near  Franklin, 
Morgan  county,  where  in  the  wmter  he  attended  the  district  school. 
For  a  time  he  was  a  student  at  McKendree  College,  Lebanon,  Illi- 
nois, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  185 1.     In  the  winter  of  1852 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY       •  663 

he  became  a  law  student  in  the  office  of  John  M.  Pahiier.  then  a  prac- 
titioner of  Carhnville,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1854,  continu- 
ing in  professional  work  until  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war. 

Although  in  the  midst  of  a  lucrative  and  growing  practice,  Gen- 
eral Rinaker  soon  demonstrated  that  his  patriotism  took  precedence 
of  all  business  considerations,  and  before  he  went  to  the  front  he  was 
recognized  as  one  of  the  most  ardent  supporters  of  the  Union  cause. 
In  1862  he  raised  a  regiment  which  in  August  of  that  year,  at  Camp 
Palmer,  Carlinville,  was  mustered  in  as  the  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
second  Regiment,  Illinois  Volunteer  Infantry.  He  was  elected  and 
commissioned  colonel,  was  mustered  into  the  service  September  4th. 
and  continued  honorably  and  bravely  at  the  head  of  his  troops  until 
the  conclusion  of  hostilities.  He  was  wounded  at  the  battle  of 
Parker's  Cross  Roads,  December  31,  1862,  and  was  appointed  brig- 
adier-general by  brevet  for  gallant  and  meritorious  service  in  the 
field,  to  take  rank  from  March  13,  1865. 

After  the  close  of  the  war  General  Rinaker  resumed  the  practice 
of  his  profession  at  Carlinville.  He  early  rose  to  prominence  in  his 
calling,  and  he  has  ever  maintained  a  foremost  standing  as  an  effective 
speaker  before  court  and  jury.  In  po.litics  he  was  a  Democrat  until 
1858,  when  he  united  with  the  Republican  party,  for  which  he  has 
rendered  splendid  service  in  many  local  and  state  campaigns.  The 
general  has  both  received  and  declined  various  offices  of  trust  and  re- 
sponsibility which  have  been  tendered  him  by  his  constituents,  among 
the  latter  being  the  United  States  district  attorneyship  for  the  south- 
ern district  of  Illinois.  In  1872  he  served  as  presidential  elector  for 
his  district;  was  elector  at  large  in  1876;  was  defeated  for  Congress 
in  1874,  in  opposition  to  William  R.  Morrison,  although  he  ran  sev- 
eral hundred  votes  ahead  of  his  ticket  in  Macoupin  county;  was  de- 
feated for  the  gubernatorial  nomination  in  1880;  served  as  railroad 
and  warehouse  commissioner  from  1885  to  1889,  and  in  1894  was 
elected  from  the  sixteenth  district  as  a  representative  to  the  Fifty- 
fourth  Congress.  This  record  both  of  successes  and  defeats  is  a  tell- 
ing demonstration  of  General  Rinaker's  substantial  standing  as  a 
public  man,  and  add  to  this  his  career  as  a  gallant  general  and  a 
practicing  lawyer. 

Lewis  Rinaker,  the  son,  is  upholding  stanchly  the  bright  and  hon- 
orable name  of  his  father.    He  was  educated  at  the  public  schools  and 


664  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

at  Blackburn  University,  Carlinville,  Illinois,  from  which  latter  insti- 
tution he  received  the  degrees  of  Bachelor  of  Science  and  Master  of 
Science.  As  a  student  at  the  University  of  Illinois  and  a  teacher  he 
then  passed  two  years.  He  had  already  taken  up  the  study  of  the  law 
under  his  father's  careful  tutelage  and  subsequently  entered  the  law 
department  of  the  University  of  Michigan,  from  which  he  graduated 
in  1893  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  Being  admitted  to  the 
Illinois  bar,  he  commenced  the  practice  of  law  in  Chicago  in  May, 
1894.  In  1896  he  formed  a  copartnership  with  S.  W.  and  F.  D. 
Ayres,  under  the  firm  name  of  Ayres,  Rinaker  and  Ayres,  which 
proved  one  of  the  strongest  professional  combinations  in  the  city,  and 
until  his  elevation  to  the  county  bench  in  the  fall  of  1906  he  continued 
to  do  his  full  share  in  earning  and  maintaining  its  high  reputation. 
Prior  to  the  assumption  of  his  judicial  duties  Judge  Rinaker  was 
master  in  chancery  of  the  superior  court  of  Cook  county,  and  his 
prompt  and  able  discharge  of  his  responsibilities  in  the  chanceryship 
brought  him  into  favorable  notice  for  the  higher  and  broader  office. 

Judge  Rinaker  has  also  v<.  substantial  record  as  a  legislator,  al- 
though he  served  but  one  term  in  the  lower  house  of  the  General 
Assembly  of  the  state,  being  sent  by  his  Republican  constituents  of 
the  Thirty-first  senatorial  district.  He  was  unecjuivocally  recorn- 
mended  by  the  Legislative  Voters'  League,  and  stanchly  upheld  the 
good  judgment  of  that  organization  by  his  effective  activity  in  the 
state  house  of  representatives  in  the  matters  of  the  Chicago  charter, 
civil  sei-vice,  municipal  court  bill,  practice  commission  bill  and  primary 
election  bill.  In  the  middle  of  the  session  of  the  Forty-fourth  Gen- 
eral Assembly  he  was  accorded  the  unusual  honor  for  a  new  member 
of  being  appointed  by  the  speaker  to  a  place  on  the  steering  committee. 
At  the  conclusion  of  his  legislative  service  the  league  (report  of 
1906)  said:  "He  is  faithful  and  industrious;  it  is  seldom  that  one 
makes  so  strong  a  mark  in  his  first  term."  Later  Judge  Rinaker  was  a 
valued  member  of  the  Chicago  charter  convention,  serving  therein  on 
the  committee  on  law  and  in  other  important  capacities. 

The  judge's  domestic  life  is  based  upon  his  marriage,  in  1896, 
to  Miss  Ollie  M.  Vaneil,  and  their  family  consists  of  one  son  and  three 
daughters.  The  duties  of  his  profession  and  his  happy  family  life 
have  prevented  his  participation  to  a  great  extent  in  club  life,  and 
his  club  identification  is  confined  to  his  membership  in  the  Chicago 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTV  605 

Athletic  Club,  Hamilton  Club  aiul  in  Camp   100,  Sons  of  Veterans. 

As  a  strong  and  active  member  of  the  Chicago  bar  during  the 

greater  portion  of  the  past  forty  years,  Mr.  Lyman  wields  an  intlu- 

ence  in  Chicago  that  only  men  of  unusual  strength 
David  B.  ,    ,  ^  ,  ■'  .      .  ^ 

Lyman  character  and  power  can  exercise  m  a  community 

of  two  millions  of  people. 

Of  real  New  England  Puritanism  by  lineage,  the  circumstances 
of  birth  makes  Mr.  Lyman  a  native  of  Hawaii.  His  parents  were 
Rev.  David  B.  and  Sarah  (Joiner)  Lyman,  who  after  being  married 
in  Vermont  sailed  for  Hawaii  in  1831  and  until  11X84.  over  half  a  cen- 
tury, were  faithful  laborers  for  Christianity  among  the  natives.  This 
accounts  for  Mr.  Lyman's  birth  on  the  island  of  Hilo  in  the  Sand- 
wich Islands,  on  March  27,  1840.  He  spent  youth  and  young  man- 
hood on  those  islands,  acquiring  his  education  largely  from  his  cul- 
tured parents  and  by  serving  in  several  positions  under  the  govern- 
ment earning  the  money  with  which  he  was  able,  when  twenty  years 
old,  to  continue  his  education  in  the  United  States.  Arriving  in  this 
country  in  i860,  he  entered  Yale  College,  from  which  he  graduated 
in  1864,  and  two  years  later  graduated  from  the  Harvard  Law  School, 
being  admitted  to  the  Massachusetts  bar  in  the  same  year.  At  the 
law  school  he  was  awarded  owe  of  the  two  prizes  for  the  best  legal 
essays. 

Coming  to  Chicago,  he  was  clerk  in  a  law  office  two  years,  and 
then  entered  into  a  partnership  with  Huntington  \\'.  Jackson,  that, 
as  Lyman  and  Jackson,  enjoyed  a  record  of  continuous  existence  up 
to  1895,  which  makes  it  memorable  in  the  history  of  the  bench  and 
bar  of  the  city. 

For  a  number  of  years  Mr.  Lyman  has  been  identified  with  the 
financial  affairs  of  Chicago.  In  1891  he  became  president  of  the  Chi- 
cago Title  and  Trust  Company,  and  for  ten  years  remained  at  the 
head  of  this  institution.  From  1895  to  1901  he  devoted  his  entire 
time  to  the  direction  of  the  business.  In  1901  the  Security  Title  and 
Trust  Company,  the  Title  Guarantee  and  Trust  Company  and  the 
Chicago  Title  and  Trust  Company  were  combined  as  one  company 
under  the  name  of  the  Chicago  Title  and  Trust  Company,  of  which 
Mr.  Lyman  has  since  been  a  director. 

The  lengthy  interruption  to  Mr.  Lyman's  law  practice  was  the 
time  he  gave  to  the  direction  of  the  trust  company  from   1895   to 


666  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

1901,  having  during  the  first  four  years  of  liis  presidency  of  the  com- 
pany carried  on  his  practice.  Since  1901  he  has  practiced  with  special 
attention  to  real  estate  and  corporation  cases.  His  offices  have  been 
in  the  Chicago  Title  and  Trust  Company's  building  since  1891.  From 
October,  1901,  until  1906  he  was  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Lyman, 
Busby  and  Lyman.  A  reorganization  was  ejffected  in  1906,  the  firm 
becoming  Lyman,  Lyman  and  O'Connor.  Among  the  important  trusts 
with  which  Mr.  Lyman  is  connected  as  trustee  are  the  Pullman  Land 
Association  and  the  Grant  Land  Association,  and  he  holds  other  im- 
portant trust  positions. 

Mr.  Lyman  in  1891  became  the  first  president  of  the  first  church 
club  in  Chicago.  Since  1889  he  has  been  a  delegate  to  the  General 
Conventions  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal  church.  The  causes  of  edu- 
cation and  charity  have  also  gained  his  constant  and  loyal  support. 
He  was  for  thirty  years  a  member  of  the  board  of  education  in  his 
home  town  of  La  Grange,  and  at  one  time  its  president,  and  has  been 
largely  instrumental  in  developing  the  educational  interests  of  La 
Grange  to  its  generally  acknowledged  high  standard.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  directors  of  St.  Luke's  Hospital,  Chicago.  He  is  a 
member  and  ex-president  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  member  of 
the  Union  League,  Chicago,  University,  Country  and  Suburban  (La 
Grange)  and  Chicago  Literary  clubs. 

October  5,  1870,  Mr.  Lyman  married  Mary  E.  Cossitt,  daughter 
of  F.  D.  Cossitt,  of  Chicago.  Their  children  are  D.  B.,  Jr.,  a  mem- 
ber of  the  law  firm  with  his  father,  and  Mary  Ellen,  now  Mrs.  Mur- 
ray M.  Baker,  of  Peoria,  Illinois. 

A  man  of  letters,  as  well  as  a  lawyer  of  repute  and  high  personal 
character,  Max  Eberhardt  was  born  in  Germany,  being  a  mere  boy 

when  he  came  with  his  parents  to  the  United  States. 
Max  .  ,  ,.  .  ,,        .      , 

T-    ,  Alter  attendmg  a  private  colleo-e  m  the  east,  where 

Eb]^rhardt.      ,,.,,.    ^   ,     .  .        ,^    . 

he  laid  the  loundation  of  a  classical  education,  he 

came  west  with  the  family  and  settled  in  Cincinnati.  At  an  early 
period  of  his  life  he  had  evinced  a  decided  tendency  toward  literary 
pursuits,  and  contributed  articles  to  the  various  publications  of  the 
day.  At  this  time  he  had  also  won  the  intimate  friendship  of  Judge 
J.  B.  Stallo,  United  States  ambassador  to  Rome  under  the  Cleveland 
regime,  who  exerted  a  controlling  influence  upon  his  mental  develop- 
ment.    The  uncertainities  attaching  to  literature  as  a  life  profession, 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  667 

however,  induced  the  young-  man  to  embrace  the  legal  profession  as 
a  vocation.  He  therefore  commenced  the  study  of  the  law  in  Cin- 
cinnati, was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  then  came  to  Chicago  to  reside 
and  practice.  Still  quite  a  young  man,  he  was  elected  and  repeatedly 
appointed  one  of  the  justices  of  the  city.  While  in  office  he  gained 
an  excellent  reputation  as  a  fair  minded,  strictly  honest  and  impartial 
judicial  officer,  and  was  frequently  urged  for  advancement  to  a  higher 
and  more  responsible  position  on  the  bench.  Feeling  the  need  of  a 
more  systematic  course  in  the  science  of  law,  he  attended  the  law 
department  of  the  Lake  Forest  University,  from  which  he  graduated 
with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.,  subsequently  adding  LL.  M.  and  D.  C.  L. 

Mr.  Eberhardt  is  a  member  of  both  the  Chicago  and  the  Illinois 
State  Bar  associations,  and  the  tendency  of  his  many  years  of  literary 
labors,  which  have  earned  him  a  broad  reputation,  is  indicated  by  his 
membership  in  the  American  Historical  Association,  the  Chicago  and 
State  Historical  societies,  and  the  German-American  Historical  So- 
ciety of  Illinois,  of  which  he  is  now  president  and  which  has  won 
recognition  and  favorable  comment  from  various  university  and  liter- 
ary societies  in  Germany.  Mr.  Eberhardt  has  lectured  and  written 
upon  various  topics  connected  with  law,  history  and  sociology.  He 
is  an  indefatigable  worker  and  a  man  of  sustained  intellectual  activ- 
ity, who  in  his  long  professional  life  has  never  taken  a  vacation. 
Among  other  standard  publications  to  which  he  has  contributed  are 
the  Journal  of  Speculative  Philosophy,  published  and  edited  by  Hon. 
William  T.  Harris,  until  recently  United  States  commissioner  of  edu- 
cation, and  Lalor's  Encyclopedia  of  Political  Science,  of  which  the 
editor-in-chief  was  the  late  John  J.  Lalor.  Mr.  Eberhardt  largely 
assisted  him  in  devising  and  arranging  the  plan  for  this  comprehen- 
sive work,  and  his  article  on  the  German  Empire  was  noticed  and 
commented  upon  by  the  New  York  Nation  as  one  of  the  best  in  the 
book. 

As  indicative  of  the  scope  of  Mr.  Eberhardt's  literary  work  it 
may  be  stated  that  he  has  written  and  lectured  upon  the  following 
topics:  Art  in  its  Relation  to  Civilization;  German-American  His- 
toriography; The  Legal  Position  of  Married  Women;  Primitive  So- 
ciety and  the  Origin  of  Property ;  Socialistic  and  Communistic  Move- 
ments Among  the  Ancients;  Some  Leading  Ideas  of  Modern  Social- 
ism and  the  Ethical  Element  in  Law.     He  has  also  frequently  deliv- 


668  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ered  addresses,  both  in  English  and  German,  upon  other  hterary  and 
pubHc  topics.  In  1906  Mr.  Eberhardt  was  elected  to  the  municipal 
court  bench  of  Chicago  by  one  of  the  largest  majorities  given  to  any 
candidate  on  the  ticket  and  his  record  on  the  bench  has  been  one  of  the 
best. 

George  Kersten  was  elected  a  judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook 
county  in  1903.     During  twenty  years  previous  to  that  he  had  been 

justice  of  the  peace  and  police  magistrate  on  East 
Chicago  avenue.  For  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century 
it  has  been  his  business  to  discern  the  actions  and 
purposes  of  men,  and  it  is  generally  recognized  by  practitioners  and 
litigants  that  no  one  on  the  local  bench  is  better  informed  on  criminal 
procedure  or  inspires  greater  confidence  in  the  prompt  and  impartial 
administration  of  justice  than  he.  With  all  his  years  of  experience 
with  the  delinquent  element  of  human  society,  while  it  has  sharpened 
his  insight  of  the  faults  and  guile  of  mankind,  Judge  Kersten  has  pre- 
served and  constantly  manifests  a  kindliness  and  sympathy  in  his 
dealings  with  litigants  that  make  him  one  of  the  most  esteemed  judges 
in  Cook  county.  His  unfailing  common  sense  saves  him  from  the 
pedantr}^  of  law,  and  having  been  a  close  and  thorough  student  under 
the  impetus  of  his  own  determination,  he  has  become  fully  and  prac- 
tically equipped  to  meet  any  eniergency  within  the  scope  of  his  judicial 
duties. 

Born  in  Chicago,  March  21,  1853,  a  son  of  Joachim  and  Sophia 
(Eisner)  Kersten,  he  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  in  Standon 
and  Wiedinger's  Educational  Institution  and  Eastman's  Metropolitan 
Business  College.  He  read  law  with  the  firm  of  Rubens,  Barnum  and 
Ames,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  by  the  appellate  court  examina- 
tion in  1886.  Already,  in  1883,  he  had  been  appointed  justice  of  the 
peace  and  pelice  magistrate,  and  held  those  positions  uninterruptedly 
until  1903.  The  strength  of  his  record  made  him  one  of  the  logical 
candidates  of  his  party,  the  Democratic,  for  various  offices  at  the 
head  of  the  county  ticket.  He  was  nominated  for  sheriff  in  1886, 
but  declined  the  nomination,  and  in  1898  was  nominated  for  the  same 
office,  but  was  defeated.  In  3893  ^^  was  an  unsuccessful  candidate 
for  judge  of  the  superior  court.  In  1902,  after  a  bill  had  passed  the 
legislature  providing  additional  judges  for  the  Cook  county  circuit 
court,  he  was  nominated  by  his  party  for  one  of  the  judgeships,  but 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  669 

shortly  afterward  the  bill  was  pronounced  unconstitutional.  In  1903 
he  became  the  regular  candidate  of  his  party  for  judge  of  the  circuit 
court,  and  his  fitness  for  the  position  was  affirmed  by  independents 
and  partisans  alike  at  the  election.  In  the  circuit  court  he  has  pre- 
sided over  several  important  cases,  notably  the  following :  Harvey 
Van  Dine,  Gustav  Marx,  Peter  Niedermeyer,  car  barn  murder  case ; 
Johann  Hoch  case ;  Paul  Stensland,  embezzlement  case ;  Roberts  case, 
and  the  Inga  Hansen  case.  All  of  these  cases  are  prominent  and  at- 
tracted much  attention  throughout  the  county. 

Judge  Kersten  is  a  member  of  the  Iroquois  Club,  and  the  County 
Democracy;  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason  and  a  member  of  ]\Iedinah 
Temple;  the  Columbian  Knights  and  Royal  Arcanum;  member  of  the 
Germania  Club,  the  Orpheus  Singing  Society,  the  Chicago  Turn- 
Gemeinde  and  Fritz  Renter  Lodge  of  Plattdeutsche  Gilde.  When 
vacation  time  approaches  the  judge  invariably  plans  hunting  as  the 
primary  sport.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Sharpshooters'  As- 
sociation and  of  the  Lake  Poygan  Gun  Club;  also  of  Pistakee  Yacht 
Club.  Judge  Kersten  married,  September  4,  1875,  Miss  Julia  Baierle. 
daughter  of  Adam  Baierle.  Their  children  are  Walter,  George  and 
Lillian,  the  former  being  deceased. 

Hugh  O'Neill,  orator,  lawyer  and  writer,  was  born  in  the  County 
Derry,  Ireland,  October  5,  1867,  the  son  of  Hugh  and  Ann  (Smyth) 

O'Neill.  He  was  educated  in  Ireland  and  at  the 
Hugh  O'Neill.    University  of  Notre  Dame,  Indiana,  receiving  the 

degrees  of  A.  B.,  LL.  B.,  B.  L.  and  LL.  M.  Mr. 
O'Neill  has  devoted  much  time  to  literature,  science,  political  economy, 
history  and  public  speaking.  A  student  by  nature  and  gifted  with  a 
large  and  striking  physique,  magnetic  with  nervous  energy  and  en- 
thusiasm, he  is  a  combination  of  the  philosopher  and  the  executive 
and  is  well  qualified  as  a  leader.  Typical  of  the  celebrated  ancestor 
whose  name  he  bears,  he  is  a  loyal  Irish  patriot  of  the  radical  sort,  a 
Nationalist  in  sentiment  and  an  eloquent  defender  of  everything 
Gaelic.  There  is  probably  no  one  in  the  United  States  better  informed 
on  Irish  afifairs.  He  made  a  life  study  of  comparative  history  almost 
for  the  sole  purpose  of  arriving  at  an  estimate  of  Ireland's  future 
political  value,  relatively  among  nations,  and  has  earned  a  reputation 
as  an  authority  on  it  and  kindred  subjects.  As  an  orator,  his  cash- 
flow of  diction,  strong,  clear  style,  fervid  patriotism  and  fine  declama- 


670  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

tion  make  him  captivating  on  Celtic  occasions  and  the  popular  idol  of 

such  organizations  as  the  A.  O.  H.,  who  like  both  the  substance  and 

color  of  his  arguments. 

He  is  a  litterateur  of  national  note  and  is  a  constant  contributor 

to  the  magazines.     Too  much  of  a  student  to  be  a  bibliomaniac,  yet 
he  has  one  of  the  best  private  reference  libraries  in  America,  practi- 
cally complete  in  the  fields  of  research  in  which  he  is  most  interested. 
It  is  all  excellent  testimony  of  the  character  of  the  man.     When  he 
first  entered  Notre  Dame,  instead  of  using  his  fairly  liberal  allowance 
from  home  in  the  usual  small  luxuries  of  college  men,  he  resolved  to 
put  into  books  every  week  what  would  otherwise  go  for  cigars.  .  The 
thoughts  of  youth  are  "long,   long  thoughts"   and  the  years   have 
brought  him  a  valuable  collection  of  books  in  place  of  the  profitless 
dreams  of  burnt  tobacco.     He  familiarized  himself  with  three  his- 
tories of  the  United  States  before  he  took  passage  for  this  country. 
O'Neill  is  the  author  of  a  comprehensive  series  of  discourses  on 
the  "American  Courts,"  "Enghsh  Courts,"  "French  Courts,"  which 
were  read  at  the  University  of  Louvain,  Belgium ;  speeches  on  "Amer- 
ican Ideals,"  "What  of  Ireland  and  America?"  "Ireland  a  Nation," 
"Three  Revolutions"  and  "American  Independence,"  and  besides  be- 
ing a  distinguished  writer  on  Irish  and  American  themes,  he  has  pub- 
lished much  on  socialism,  labor,  orators  and  oratory,  and  the  growth 
of  law  and  its  philosophy.     Admitted  to  the  bar  in  1892,  two  years 
later  he  joined  with  L.  Bastrup  in  the  firm  of  Bastrup  and  O'Neill, 
Reaper  block,  and  together  rhey  have  built  up  a  lucrative  practice. 
Married  in  1898  to  Regina  O'Malley,  Cresco,  Iowa,  he  has  a  daughter, 
Regina,  and  a  son,  Hugh.     He  is  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  As- 
sociation, Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  Notre  Dame  Alumni,  and  the 
Hamilton,  Charlevoix  and  Irish  Fellowship  clubs.     Republican  and 
Roman  Catholic  in  politics  and  religion.     Residence,  2500  Lakewood 
avenue. 

Louis  Bastrup,  author,  historian  and  lawyer,  was  born  in  Kold- 
ing,  Denmark,  on  July  8,  1856.     His  parents  were  wealthy  people  of 

refinement,  who  lavished  on  him  every  educational 
Louis  Bastrup.    advantage.     After  taking  a  preparatory  course  in 

the  best  school  of  his  native  town,  he  was  sent  when 
only  thirteen  years  old  to  the  famous  Johaneum  College  at  Hamburg, 
Germany,  where  he  proved  himself  more  than  equal  to  his  oppor- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  671 

tunities — being  graduated  there  in  1872,  after  having  had  conferred 
upon  him  some  of  the  highest  honors  that  had  ever  been  attained  by 
any  other  student  in  the  history  of  the  institution.  He  entered  law 
practice,  but  his  father's  testament  made  it  necessary  for  him  to  pur- 
sue a  mercantile  calling  for  a  time,  though  the  monotony  of  the 
routine  of  mercantile  business  was  distasteful  to  one  so  naturally 
studious  and  inclined  tow^ard  the  professional.  The  law  was  resumed 
as  soon  as  possible.  He  came  to  Chicago  in  1886.  For  a  period  he 
was  connected  with  the  credit  department  of  a  large  mercantile  house 
in  an  advisory  capacity.  In  the  meantime  he  was  familiarizing  him- 
self with  American  law.  John  Gibbons,  now  and  for  many  years 
judge  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  took  him  into  partnership. 
Mr.  Bastrup  soon  became  a  legal  light  not  because  of  any  special  elo- 
quence as  a  pleader  but  rather  on  account  of  his  conservative,  self- 
assured,  well-prepared,  clean-cut  and  successful  handling  of  his 
cases.  He  has  the  Napoleonic  build,  physically,  and  it  is  typical  of  his 
mentality.  And  he  is  a  general  who  overlooks  no  detail  of  likely  im- 
portance. He  early  won  enviable  eminence  as  a  lawyer.  On  May  i, 
1895,  he  formed  with  Hugh  O'Neil  the  law  firm  of  Bastrup  and 
O'Neill,  Reaper  block,  still  existing. 

Aside  from  his  legal  work,  Mr.  Bastrup  won  most  distinction  by 
his  historical  investigations  and  his  written  discussions  on  the  phi- 
losophy of  history,  viewed  analytically  and  comparatively.  He  has 
not  confined  his  researches  to  any  particular  epoch  but  has  followed 
the  whole  range  of  ancient  and  modern  politics.  He  is  now  working 
on  an  extensive  review  entitled  "Gustavus  Adolphus :  The  Reasons 
and  the  Effects  of  His  Interferences  in  the  Thirty  Years'  War."  The 
fact  that  he  is  a  linguist  of  repute,  speaking  and  writing  fluently  to  a 
literary  degree  all  of  six  languages,  has  made  his  historical  inquiries 
doubly  valuable.  He  has  wide  practice  in  chancery  and  is  a  special- 
ist in  international  and  insurance  law.  His  treatise  on  marine  insur- 
ance is  also  considered  as  an  authority.  The  degree  of  LL.  AL, 
honoris  causa,  was  conferred  on  him  in  1894  by  the  University  of 
Notre  Dame,  Indiana. 

Mr.  Bastrup  was  married  in  Copenhagen,  Denmark,  September 
4,  1884,  to  Nancy  Gundorph,  and  has  one  daughter,  Stephanie  Ade- 
laide.    He  is  a  member  of  the  Federal,  State  and  Chicago  Bar  asso- 


6y2  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ciations  and  of  divers  clubs  without  being  a  club-man.     He  is  a  Re- 
publican, politically,  and  resides  at  597  La  Salle  avenue. 

William  Busse  is  the  first  native  son  of  Cook  county  to  be  elected 
president  of  its  board  of  commissioners,  having  for  the  six  years  pre- 
ceding his  assumption  of  its  important  duties  been 
-,3  one  of  the  most  practical  and  useful  members  of  that 

body.  As  a  commissioner  he  has  always  manifested 
great  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  insane,  the  sick  and  the  worthy 
poor,  and  the  fact  that  the  conditions  surrounding  these  unfortunate 
wards  of  the  county  has  greatly  improved  within  the  past  seven  years 
is  largely  attributable  to  his  wise  and  ceaseless  labors  in  their  behalf. 
As  the  successor  in  the  presidency  of  the  board  of  E.  J.  Brundage,  in 
addition  to  his  other  responsibilities,  he  is  charged  with  the  great 
work  involved  in  superintending  the  construction  of  the  new  county 
building,  which  is  one  of  the  imposing  and  beautiful  architectural 
monuments  of  Chicago.  It  is  a  strong  man  who  assumes  such  bur- 
dens, and  one  element  of  his  strength  which  has  not  been  mentioned 
comes  from  his  experience  as  a  representative  of  the  board  from  an 
outlying  district  of  the  city,  this  circumstance  having  enabled  him  to 
have  an  especially  comprehensive  appreciation  of  the  needs  of  the 
county;  he  thoroughly  understands  the  requirements  of  both  munici- 
pality and  the  so-called  country  lying  within  the  limits  of  Cook 
county.  A  man  who  had  spent  all  his  life  in  Chicago,  or  the  larger 
cities,  would  fail  to  possess  this  element  of  strength  in  the  makeup  of 
a  president  of  the  board. 

Mr.  Busse  was  born  at  Elk  Grove,  Cook  county,  Illinois,  on  the 
27th  of  January,  1864, 'the  son  of  Louis  and  Christine  (Kirchhoff) 
Busse,  both  natives  of  Hanover,  Germany.  His  father,  whose  birth 
occurred  November  4,  1837,  came  to  the  United  States  in  1848  and 
settled  at  Elk  Grove,  where  he  was  first  engaged  in  farming  and  later 
in  general  merchandising.  He  died  December  19,  1903.  The  mother 
was  born  February  25,  1847,  s.nd  emigrated  to  Illinois  from  Germany 
in  1853,  her  marriage  to  Louis  Busse  occurring  April  16,  1863.  The 
mother  still  resides  in  Elk  Grove,  and  of  the  nine  children  born  to  her 
all  are  living,  William  Busse  being  the  eldest. 

Mr.  Busse  was  educated  in  the  public  and  German  parochial 
schools  of  his  native  locality,  and  until  he  was  twenty-one  years  of 
age  assisted  his  father  in  the  conduct  of  his  agricultural  and  mercan- 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  O73 

tile  interests.  Then  for  four  years  he  was  an  independent  and  suc- 
cessful farmer  himself.  But  as  an  ardent  Republican  he  early  became 
interested  in  public  and  political  affairs,  and  his  earnestness  of  pur- 
pose, sympathy  with  the  unfortunate,  straightforward  and  moral  char- 
acter, practical  common  sense  and  ability,  earned  him  the  respect  and 
friendship  of  all  classes  and  marked  him  for  preferment  from  the  out- 
set. 

In  1890  Mr.  Busse  was  appointed  deputy  sheriff,  under  James  H. 
Gilbert,  holding  this  position  both  under  him  and  Sheriffs  Pease  and 
Magerstadt,  and  serving  ten  years.  In  this  capacity  his  service  was 
so  noticeable  for  its  impartial  fearlessness  and  yet  courteous  and  open 
bearing  that  both  his  popularity  and  reputation  for  reliability  and 
ability  was  greatly  broadened.  In  1900  he  was  elected  to  the  board 
of  Cook  county  commissioners  from  the  country  districts,  re-elected 
in  1902,  1904  and  1906,  being  chosen  president  of  that  body  April  15. 
1907.  During  all  this  period  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  building 
committee.  He  was  also  chairman  of  the  special  committee  which 
had  charo-e  of  the  rewriting  of  the  abstract  books  of  the  recorder's 
office — one  of  the  most  extensive  and  important  undertakings  ever 
accomplished  by  county  legislation.  For  four  years  he  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  finance  committee,  and  its  cliairman  frcmi  December  i, 
1906,  until  April  15,  1907,  and  now  by  virtue  of  his  position  as  presi- 
dent of  the  board  he  is  chairman  of  the  special  committee  in  charge 
of  the  building  of  the  court  house.  In  June.  1907,  Mr.  Busse  was 
appointed  by  Governor  Deneen  a  delegate  to  the  National  Confer- 
ence of  Charities  and  Corrections  at  Minneapolis,  Minnesota. 

Mr.  Busse's  practical  ambition  and  great  capacity  for  accom- 
plishment are  shown  by  his  varied  interests  outside  his  official  re- 
sponsibilities. Since  1897  he  has  been  engaged  in  general  merchan- 
dising at  Mount  Prospect,  his  residence,  the  business  now  being  con- 
ducted under  the  firm  name  of  \\'illiam  Busse  and  Son.  He  is  also 
eno-ao-ed  with  two  of  his  brothers  in  the  real  estate  business  at  that 
place,  and  is  individually  a  director  of  the  Arlington  Heights  State 
Bank.  In  his  home  locality  he  has  always  been  a  leader  in  educa- 
tional work,  especially  in  its  connection  with  the  public  school  sys- 
tem, and  for  twelve  consecutive  years  has  served  as  secretary  of  the 
Mount  Prospect  board  of  school  trustees. 

Married  June  11,  1885.  to  Miss  Sophia  Bartels,  Mr.  Busse's  first 

Vol.    11  —  12 


674  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

wife  (born  in  Schaiimberg,  Cook  county,  March  28  /866)  died  on 
the  20th  of  February,  1894,  leaving  five  children.  Later  he  was 
united  to  Miss  Dina  Busse,  and  to  this  marriage  one  child  is  living. 
The  family  are  all  faithful  and  earnest  members  of  the  Lutheran 
church.  Personally  Mr.  Busse  is  a  member  of  that  well  known  Re- 
publican organization,  the  Hamilton  Club,  and  is  now  acknowledged 
to  be  one  of  the  strongest  representatives  of  the  party  in  this  section 
of  the  state. 

Ben  M.  Smith,  who  was  re-elected  judge  of  the  superior  court  by 
so  handsome  a  majority  in  April,  1907,  was  born  at  Colona,  Henry 

county,N  Illinois,  June  14,  1863.  He  attended  village 
school,  worked  on  a  farm,  clerked  in  a  country  store, 
taught  district  school  and  had  his  experience  as  a 
railroader.  As  his  father,  Rufus  A.  Smith,  was  connected  with  the 
railroads,  the  ambition  of  the  boy  was  to  follow  in  the  paternal  foot- 
steps. But  the  labors  of  his  youth  and  early  manhood  seemed  to  be 
full  of  variety,  and  not  calculated  to  keep  him  in  any  special  channel. 
One  day  he  would  work  on  the  farm,  the  next  he  would  fan  oats  in 
his  father's  grain  elevators,  the  third  day  he  might  harness  up  the 
horse  and  go  among  the  farmers  to  buy  hogs  for  shipment,  and  the 
fourth  day  might  find  him  selling  plows  or  weighing  grain.  Al- 
though such  a  life  was  active  and  invigorating,  it  was  not  satisfactory 
to  the  young  man,  whose  mind  naturally  ran  upon  intellectual  and 
literary  subjects.  At  one  time  he  designed  to  teach  school  as  a  per- 
manent occupation,  and  to  prepare  himself  attended  the  Northwest- 
ern Normal  School  at  Geneseo,  Illinois,  for  about  a  year,  but,  after 
a  thorough  examination  of  the  possibilities  and  probabilities  of  the 
profession,  decided  that  pedagogy  did  not  offer  him  sufficient  induce- 
ments to  make  it  his  life  work. 

There  was  only  one  profession  to  which  a  man  of  Judge  Smith's 
hardy,  practical  and  broad  nature  could  turn  with  confidence  as  offer- 
ing him  a  field  of  sufficient  fertility  and  elasticity  for  every  purpose, 
and  while  still  an  employee  of  the  county  clerk's  office  at  Cambridge 
he  had  spent  his  evenings  in  the  study  of  the  law.  Fresh  from  this 
employment  he  came  to  Chicago,  January  2,  1889,  and  entered  the 
Union  College  of  Law  for  a  regular  professional  course.  While 
,thus  engaged  he  worked  for  Haddock,  Vallette  and  Rickords  in  the 
court-house,    examining   records   and   making   memoranda   for   their 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  675 

abstract  business.  He  was  also  employed  as  a  clerk  bv  John  T.  Rich- 
ards, Abbott,  Oliver  and  Showalter,  and  H.  S.  Mecartney,  the  young 
man  carrying  on  these  occupations  until  his  graduation  from  the 
Union  College  of  Lavv^  in  June,  1890. 

In  the  preceding  December  Judge  Smith  had  been  admitted  to  the 
bar,  and  in  September,  1890,  entered  into  practice.  In  May,  1891,  he 
formed  a  partnership  with  John  P.  Hand,  now  a  judge  of  the  Illinois 
supreme  court,  and  Thomas  E.  Milchrist,  then  United  States  district 
attorney,  under  the  firm  name  of  Hand,  Milchrist  and  Smith.  This 
association  continued  for  four  years,  when  Judge  Hand  returned 
to  Cambridge,  Illinois,  and  Mr.  Smith  was  in  partnership  with  Mr. 
Milchrist  until  May,  1897. 

In  January,  1897,  Mr.  Smith  was  appointed  by  Governor  Deneen 
as  assistant  state's  attorney,  and  since  then  he  has  been  in  the  public 
eye  as  a  prosecutor  and  a  judge,  in  both  of  these  diverse  capacities 
making  such  a  record  that  l:is  advancement  has  been  a  matter  of 
course.  In  January,  1901,  he  resigned  from  the  office  of  state's  at- 
torney and  entered  the  firm  of  Castle,  Williams  and  Smith,  from 
which  Charles  S.  Cutting  had  retired  to  serve  as  probate  judge.  In 
this  connection  he  continued  in  private  practice,  of  a  civil  nature, 
until  his  election  as  judge  of  the  superior  court  in  November,  1905. 
Judge  Smith's  versatility  and  adaptability  find  striking  illustration  in 
his  success  as  a  prosecuting  criminal  lawyer,  as  his  practice  both  be- 
fore and  after  his  term  as  stiite's  attorney  was  mainly  civil  in  its  na- 
ture. 

Entering  with  characteristic  vigor  and  discrimination  upon  his 
duties  as  superior  judge,  Ben  M.  Smith  so  demonstrated  his  judicial 
and  executive  ability  that  in  December,  1906,  he  was  elected  chief 
justice,  which  position  he  held  when  re-elected  to  the  superior  bench 
April  2,  1907.  His  plurality  over  both  Democratic  and  Prohibition 
candidates  was  36,731.  One  of  the  most  notable  trials  over  which 
he  has  presided  was  the  Ivens  case,  which  has  had  a  world  wide  and 
terrible  notoriety.  Upon  his' unimpeachable  record  as  a  lawyer,  a 
man  and  a  judge,  the  re-election  of  Jndge  Smith  was  a  foregone  con- 
clusion. 

On  September  9,  1891,  Ben  Mayhew  Smith  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Katherine  C.  Walton,  their  two  children  being  Frances 
W.  and  Mabel  M.     Pie  is  identified  with  Masonry  and  the  Knights  of 


676  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Pythias,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Athletic  Club,  thus  keeping 
alive  the  memories  of  his  younger  days,  and  as  a  man  of  middle  age 
still  participating  in  some  of  the  forms  of  exercise  most  conducive 
to  physical  and  mental  vigor. 

Of  the  eminent  corporation  lawyers  in  Chicago,  none  is  more 
generally  admired  and  esteemed  for  professional  ability  and  personal 

character  than  John  Stocker  Miller,  of  the  widely 

i  ^  '  known  firm  of  Peck,  Miller  and  Starr.     His  broad 

Miller.  .  ;  , 

reputation  as  an  attorney  rests  not  only  on  the  mas- 
terly conduct  of  great  cases  which  have  been  entrusted  to  him  as  a 
private  practitioner,  but  on  the  splendid  discharge  of  his  duties  as 
corporation  counsel  of  the  city  of  Chicago  under  Mayor  Washburne. 

Mr.  Miller  is  a  native  of  Louisville,  St.  Lawrence  county,  New 
York,  where  he  was  born  on  the  24th  of  May,  1847,  son  of  John  and 
Jane  (McLeod)  Miller.  After  receiving  a  preparatory  education  in 
the  common  schools  and  academy  of  his  native  place,  he  became  a 
student  at  St.  Lawrence  University,  Canton,  New  York,  from  which 
he  graduated  in  1869  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts,  and  for 
two  years  thereafter  studiously  laid  the  groundwork  of  his  profession 
in  the  law  department  of  that  institution.  Li  1870,  after  being  ad- 
mitted to  the  New  York  bar  at  Ogdensburg,  he  was  appointed  to  the 
chair  of  mathematics  by  his  alma  mater,  holding  that  professorship 
throughout  187 1-2  and  that  of  Latin  and  Greek  in  1872-4.  Li  the 
latter  year  he  resigned  his  place  on  the  faculty  and  came  to  Chicago 
to  enter  the  practice  of  his  permanent  profession. 

Mr.  Miller  soon  came  into  prominence,  even  among  the  many 
bright  young  lawyers  who  made  Chicago  their  home  in  the  years 
immediately  following  the  great  fire,  which  caused  the  re-adjustment, 
through  the  law,  of  so  many  important  interests.  In  1876,  after  he 
had  practiced  alone  for  two  years,  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
George  Herbert  and  John  H.  S.  Quick,  under  the  firm  name  of  Her- 
bert, Quick  and  Miller.  These  connections  continued  unbroken  for 
ten  years,  when  (in  1882)  occurred  Mr.  Llerbert's  death  and  the 
change  of  style  to  Quick  and  Miller.  The  subsequent  changes,  pre- 
ceding the  formation  of  the  present  firm  of  Peck,  Miller  and  Starr, 
include  an  association  with  Henry  W.  Leman  in  1886,  his  retirement, 
the  admission  of  Merritt  Starr  in  1890,  and  later  the  formation 
with  George  R.  Peck  and  Mr.  Starr  of  the  present  firm. 

During  the  latter  years  Mr.  Miller's  practice  has  been  chiefly  in 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  677 

the  chancery  courts,  and  among  his  more  important  cases  prior  to 
his  identification  with  the  municipal  law  department  were  those 
known  as  the  Flagler  litigation,  the  Riverside,  the  Phillips  and  South 
Park  suits.  These  cases  brought  him  so  prominently  and  favorably 
before  the  bar  and  the  public  that  in  1891  Mayor  Washburne  appoint- 
ed him  corporation  counsel.  He  held  the  position  during  the  mayor- 
alty term,  and  won  a  notable  victory  for  the  city  in  its  suit  against 
the  Illinois  Central  Railroad  over  the  Lake  Front  property.  The  re- 
sult of  the  case  was  to  firmly  establish  the  great  municipal  principle 
that  the  bed  of  navigable  waters  is  the  property  of  the  people  and  is 
held  in  trust  by  the  state  for  their  benefit. 

Since  retiring  from  office  Mr.  Miller  has  continued  his  prixate 
and  partnership  practice,  largely  devoted  to  commercial  and  corpora- 
tion law.  His  high  standing  in  these  specialties  was  greatly  advanced 
by  his  participation  in  the  Packing  House,  Standard  Oil  and  John  R. 
Walsh  cases,  in  which  he  was  the  leading  counsel  for  the  defense. 
They  were  acknowledged  to  be  among  the  most  important  suits 
which  the  government  ever  prosecuted,  and  to  be  professionally 
identified  with  them  in  any  capacity  was  a  forcible  verification  of 
leadership  in  the  legal  fraternity.  Involved  in  the  noteworthy  litiga- 
tion were  the  responsibility  of  g^reat  corporations  and  leaders  of  broad 
interests  to  the  law,  and  their  duties  to  the  public  from  which  they 
drew  the  life  of  their  enterprises;  and  the  pressing  need  of  some 
radical  revision  of  the  Inter-State  Commerce  law  defining  the  com- 
parative regulating  powers  of  state  and  national  governments.  When 
the  Supreme  court  of  the  United  States  shall  pass  upon  these  matters, 
whatever  the  decision  of  that  high  tribunal,  bench  and  bar  will  full\- 
recognize  the  radical  part  played  by  John  S.  Miller  in  the  adjustment 
of  these  broad  principles. 

Married  in  Chicago,  December  15,  1887,  to  Miss  Ann  Gross, 
Mr.  Miller  is  a  potent  factor  in  social  and  club  life.  Branching  from 
his  home  as  a  social  center,  his  activities  in  this  direction  extend  to 
the  Union  League  Club  (of  which  he  was  president  in  1899),  and  the 
Chicago,  Hamilton,  Chicago  Literary,  University,  Exmoor,  South 
Shore  Country  and  Onwentsia  Golf  clubs.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
St.  Paul's  Episcopal  church,  and  altogether  a  typical  Chicago  citizen, 
who  believes  that  the  surest  wav  to  advance  his  own  interests  and 


0/8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

be  of  benefit  to  the  public  is  to  come  into  close  contact  with  as  many 
people  and  interests  as  possible. 

Among  the  strong  figures  of  the  day  who  are  boldly  standing  for 
political  reform  by  leaving  the  choice  of  legislative  representatives  to 

themselves,  none  of  the  younger  leaders  in  the  state 
Walter         of  Illinois  has  a  better  record  and  a  more  apprecia- 
Clyde  Jones,     tive  audience  than  Walter  Clyde  Jones,  the  present 
state  senator  from  the  fifth  district  of  Cook  county. 
He  is  one  of  the  most  forceful  advocates  before  the  public  for  an  ef- 
fective primary  election  law,  which  he  contends  "should  have  for  its 
objects  the  placing  in  the  hands  of  the  people  the  selection  of  thfe 
United  States  senators,  self  government  in  the  choice  of  the  senate, 
as  well  as  in  the  choice  of  the  president.     We  should  have  a  primary 
law,  moreover  (he  continues),  which  shall  have  the  ultimate  effect  of 
eliminating  the  party  convention   from  our  political   system."      His 
watchword,  in  short,  is  ''self-government,  for  the  nation,  the  state, 
the  municipality  and  the  people." 

Broad  as  is  his  political  platform,  Mr.  Jones  is  far  from  confining 
his  activities  •  to  this  field,  his  education  and  his  experience  having 
endowed  him  with  both  wide  scope  and  great  versatility.  Born  De- 
cember 27,  1870,  at  Pilot  Grove,  Lee  county,  Iowa,  he  comes  of  that 
Quaker  stock  on  both  sides  of  his  family  which  has  assured  him  the 
unfailing  earnestness  of  purpose  which  is  a  marked  character  trait. 
His  father  was  of  Welsh  descent,  born  in  Harrison  county,  Ohio,  and 
was  among  the  Iowa  pioneers  of  the  thirties ;  his  mother  was  of  Eng- 
lish ancestry, 

Walter  Clyde  Jones  attended  the  public  and  high  schools  of  Keo- 
kuk, Iowa,  graduated  from  the  Iowa  State  College  in  1891,  from  the 
Chicago  College  of  Law  in  1894,  and  received  the  degree  of  LL.  B. 
from  the  Lake  Forest  University  in  1895.  In  1902  he  obtained  an 
honorary  degree  from  the  Iowa  State  College,  of  whose  national 
alumni  association  he  has  been  president,  having  also  held  the  presi- 
dency of  the  Chicago  organization.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
1895,  and  is  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Jones,  Addington  and 
Ames.  A  feature  of  his  individual  practice  has  been  electrical  litiga- 
tion, and  in  all  matters  electrical,  both  practical  and  scientific,  he  is 
an  acknowledged  expert.  Indicative  of  his  standing  are  the  facts  that 
he  was  an  organizer  and  president  of  the  Chicago  Electrical  Associa- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  679 

tion  (now  a  branch  of  the  Western  Society  of  Engineers).' and  a 
member  of  the  Franklin  Institute  of  Philadelphia  and  the  Engineers' 
Society  of  New  York.  In  this  line  he  has  also  been  instrumental  in 
establishing-  and  developing  the  Benjamin  Electric  Manufacturing 
Company  (manufacturers  of  electric  light  fixtures)  and  the  Perry 
Time  Stamp  Company  (builders  of  time  recording  devices).  His 
connection  with  professional  organization  is  with  the  State  and  City 
Bar  associations,  and  he  has  contributed  liberally  to  current  literature 
on  legal,  electrical  and  other  subjects.  Conjointly  with  his  partner, 
Keene  H.  Addington,  he  is  author  and  editor  of  "Jo^^s  and  Adding- 
ton's  Annotated  Statutes  of  Illinois,"  which  work  contains  all  the 
laws  of  the  state  analyzed  and  arranged,  and  a  digest  of  all  the  court 
decisions  bearing  upon  the  various  statutes.  The  preparation  of  this 
work  has  especially  familiarized  him  with  state  legislation  and  judicial 
precedence,  and  makes  his  own  services  as  a  legislator  of  remarkable 
weight.  With  his  partner,  he  is  also  editor  of  the  "Appellate  Court 
Reports  of  Illinois."  As  a  leader  in  the  charter  legislation  of  Chicago 
he  is  among  the  foremost.  As  his  thorough  legal  acquirements  have 
been  reinforced  by  extensive  travels  in  this  country  and  abroad,  dur- 
ing which  he  was  a  thoughtful  student  of  affairs,  he  has  acquired  a 
breadth,  as  well  as  a  depth  of  view,  which  is  enjoyed  by  few  of  his 
age  before  the  people. 

Since  1896  Walter  Clyde  Jones  has  taken  an  active  and  effective 
part  in  local,  state  and  national  politics.  He  inaugurated  his  career, 
in  that  year,  as  an  enthusiastic  supporter  of  McKinley,  being  one  of 
the  organizers  and  vice-president  of  the  First  Voters'  League.  He 
campaigned  for  Judge  Carter  in  the  gubernatorial  contest  of  1900, 
and  for  Harlan  as  mayor  in  1903.  In  1904  he  was  a  delegate  to  the 
deadlock  convention  which  finally  nominated  Governor  Deneen.  and 
has  campaigned  in  every  state  and  national  contest  since  1896.  As 
stated,  he  began  his  political  career  as  an  ardent  advocate  for  the 
election  of  McKinley  to  the  presidency,  being  a  personal  friend  of  the 
martyr  chief  executive.  During  the  fall  festival  of  1899  he  was  ap- 
pointed chief  aide  to  President  McKinley,  and  as  a  member  of  the 
reception  committee  had  immediate  charge  of  the  arrangements  for 
the  reception  of  the  president  and  his  cabinet.  In  1900,  at  the  time  of 
the  Grand  Army  encampment,  he  ably  and  gracefully  filled  the  same 
position. 


68o  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

As  to  the  movements  directly  concerned  with  the  civic  reform  oi 
the  city  and  state,  Mr.  Jones  was  one  of  the  organizers  and  speaker, 
in  1895,  of  the  Young  Men's  Congress,  which  for  a  number  of  years 
did  so  much  to  stimulate  thoughtful  consideration  and  active  partici- 
pation in  public  afifairs.  He  vas  one  of  the  committee  of  thirty  that 
organized  the  Legislative  Voters'  League,  and  has  been  consistently 
active  in  the  work  of  the  Civic  Federation,  being  appointed  chairman 
of  the  legislative  committee  originally  organized  to  undertake  the 
work  now  performed  by  the  Legislative  Voters'  League.  Mr.  Jones 
is  also  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  Hamilton,  Quadrangle,  City, 
Illinois  Athletic,  Midlothian  Country  and  Calumet  Golf  clubs,  of  Chi- 
cago, the  Lawyers'  Club,  of  New  York  City,  and  the  Cosmos  Club,  of 
Washington;  he  is  a  property  owner,  happily  married,  has  a  family 
consisting  of  a  wife,  son  and  daughter,  and  is  altogether  a  man  who 
touches  and  improves  life  on  many  sides. 

■Edwin  R.  Thurman,  of  the  firm  of  Thurman,  Stafford  and  Hume, 
lawyers,  has  practiced  law  in  Chicago  since  1894.     He  was  admitted 

to  the  bar  in  Tennessee  in  1882,  and  continued  to 
■  live  in  that  state  and  practice  law  until  he  moved  to 
Chicago.  The  first  six  years  after  coming  here  he 
was  one  of  the  attorneys  for  the  Fidelity  and  Casualty  Company  of 
New  York,  but  since  the  latter  part  of  1900  has  devoted  all  his  at- 
tention to  the  general  practice  of  law,  and  was  for  about  four  years 
a  partner  of  Judge  A.  N.  Waterman  of  the  Chicago  bar. 

Mr.  Thurman  was  born  at  Lynchburg,  Campbell  county,  Vir- 
ginia, August  9,  i860,  and  his  branch  of  the  Thurman  family  is  one 
of  the  oldest  on  American  soil  and  one  of  the  most  prominent  among 
the  F.  F.  V.'s.  One  member  of  it  was  the  statesman  and  jurist,  Allen 
G.  Thurman.  Another  was  Robert  Thurman,  affectionately  known 
as  Uncle  Bob,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolution  and  an  intimate 
friend  of  Lafayette.  Samuel  Brown  Thurman,  the  father  of  the  Chi- 
cago lawyer,  was  born  in  Campbell  county,  the  ancestral  seat  of  the 
family,  x\ugust  5,  181 5,  and  died  November  4,  1892.  He  was  a 
merchant  and  farmer.  His  father  was  named  Richard.  For  two 
hundred  years  the  Thurmans  have  borne  their  part  in  the  life  and 
affairs  of  Virginia,  and  for  at  least  a  century  and  a  half  have  been 
residents  of  what  is  now  Campbell  county.  John  Thurman,  one  of 
the  earlier  members  of  the  family,  was,  as  is  claimed,  the  first  super- 


THENEWYCPK 

f'UBLlC   LIBRARY 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AN B 
riLDEN  FOUNDAIIONS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUX'l  ^"  661 

intendent  of  the  first  Sunday  school  estabh'shed  on  American  soil, 
that  being  in  what  is  ncnv  Campbell  count}'.  The  mother  of  Edwin 
R.  Thurman  was  Martha  (Cox)  Thurman,  born  in  Campbell  county 
in  1825,  and  died  in  i(S6i.  I!er  father,  Abraham  Cox,  was  likewise 
of  an  old  and  substantial  Virginia  family. 

After  attending  the  public  schools  of  his  native  state,  Edwin  R. 
Thurman  in  1880  entered  Vanderbilt  Unixersity  at  Nashville.  Ten- 
nessee, and  two  years  later  was  graduated  from  the  law  department 
with  the  degree  LL.  B.,  being  admitted  to  the  Tennessee  bar  the  same 
year.  Mr.  Thurman  maintains  a  sturdy  adherence,  politically,  to  the 
Democratic  party  in  its  essential  principles.  ])articularly  to  the  old- 
school  doctrines  of  states'  rights  and  sound  money.  During  the  war 
between  the  states  three  of  his  brothers  scrxed  on  the  Confederate 
side — Powhatan,  Alexander  and  Samuel.  Alexander,  who  is  the 
only  one  still  living,  was  just  sixteen  years  old  at  the  time  he  entered 
the  army  and  was  a  student  at  the  Virginia  Military  Institute  at  Lex- 
ington. Mr.  Thurman  married,  July  17.  1905,  Miss  Grace  Carswell, 
a  native  of  Chicago  and  a  daughter  of  Lockdiart  R.  and  Elmira  L. 
(Mann)  Carswell. 

No  lawyer  in  Chicago  has  a  better  record  for  straightforward  and 
high  professional  conduct,  for  success  earned  with  honor  and  without 

animosity,  than  Jacob  R.  Custer,  of  the  firm  Custer, 
Jacob      .         Griffin  and  Cameron.     He  is  a  man  of  scholarlv  at- 

CUSTER.  .  ,  1  •        1  1     1  '        r 

taniments,  exact  and  comprehensive  knowledge  01 

the  law,  and,  while  an  active  Republican,  has  of  late  years  concerned 
himself  chiefly  with  the  pressing  and  constantly  broadening  duties  of 
his  profession. 

Jacob  Rambo  Custer  is  or  German  lineage  on  the  paternal  and 
Swedish  on  the  maternal  side.  Two  families  of  Custer  and 
Rambo  have  been  long  and  conspicuously  identified  with  the  history 
of  Pennsylvania.  It  is  a  noteworthy  fact  that  some  of  the  Custers 
of  that  state  today  own  and  (>ccup)-  land  which  was  granted  to  their 
ancestors  bv  William  Penn,  and  of  which  no  conveyance  has  been 
made  by  deed  to  the  present  time.  Members  of  both  families  removed 
to  Ohio  and  there  established  branches  from  which  came  the  late 
General  George  A.  Custer  and  others  of  the  name.  Peter,  the  pater- 
nal oreat-erand father  of  lacob  R.,  was  born  in  Montgomery  county. 
Pennsvlvania,  and  served  as  a  soldier  in  the  KcN'olntionary  war. 


682  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

The  son  of  David  Y.  and  Esther  (Rambo)  Custer,  Jacob  R.  Cus- 
ter was  born  near  Valley  Forge,  Chester  county,  Pennsylvania,  on 
the  27th  of  May,  1845.  Kis  parents  were  natives  of  Montgomery 
county  in  that  state.  The  father  was  born  on  the  26th  and  the  mother 
on  the  29th  of  January,  181 5.  David  Y.  Custer  was  a  farmer  and  a 
miller,  a  dual  occupation  common  in  the  east  where  the  farms  were 
small.  His  death  occurred  at  Pottstown,  Pennsylvania,  in  March, 
1895.  His  children  consisted  of  two  sons  and  one  daughter,  of 
whom  Jacob  R.  is  the  sole  survivor. 

As  a  boy  Mr.  Custer  was  an  ambitious  student  whose  outlook 
was  early  directed  to  other  fields  than  those  limited  by  his  immediate 
surroundings.  Fortunately,  his  uncle.  Dr.  Abel  Rambo,  a  well  known 
educator  of  those  days,  was  at  the  head  of  Washington  Hall,  an  edu- 
cational institution  located  at  Trappe,  Pennsylvania.  Here,  under 
the  tuition  of  this  able  educator,  young  Custer  remained  three  years 
preparing  himself  for  college.  The  knowledge  there  acquired  was 
not  only  firmly  fixed  by  unvarying  application  but  by  the  teaching  of 
school  during  the  winter  months.  The  Civil  war  which  raged  during 
his  preparatory  course  was  brought  to  his  very  door.  For  several 
months  covering  the  invasion  of  Pennsylvania  by  the  Confederates 
and  the  battle  of  Antietam,  in  1863,  he  was  enrolled  as  a  member  of 
the  state  militia.  In  the  fall  of  1864  he  entered  Pennsylvania  Col- 
lege, at  Gettysburg,  becoming  a  member  of  the  sophomore  class  and 
completing  his  course  in  1867,  when  he  graduated  with  third  honors 
and  the  degree  A.  B. 

Mr.  Custer  had  already  determined  on  a  legal  career,  and  in  the 
fall  of  1867  began  his  professional  studies  in  the  office  of  WiUiam  F. 
Johnson,  an  able  lawyer  of  Philadelphia.  After  spending  a  year  as 
an  office  student,  he  entered  the  Albany  Law  School,  graduating 
therefrom  in  May,  1869,  and  being  forthwith  admitted  to  practice  in 
the  courts  of  New  York.  In  the  fall  of  the  same  year  he  became  a 
resident  and  practicing  lawyer  of  Chicago,  where  he  has  won  promi- 
nence both  as  an  attorney  and  a  man.  He  had  the  education,  the 
energy,  the  self-reliance,  the  all-around  ability  and  the  adaptability 
to  succeed  in  a  city  where  these  qualities  were  at  a  premium,  and  he 
therefore  made  rapid  and  permanent  progress. 

Mr.  Custer's  independence  and  self-reliance  were  forcibly  indicated 
in  the  fact  that,  coming  thus  to  a  large,  strange  and  untried  city,  he 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY        6«3 

sought  no  professional  alliance,  but  bravely  and  confidently  entered 
upon  an  individual  practice.  He  occupied  offices  for  four  years  with 
Arba  N.  Waterman,  afterward  judge  of  the  circuit  and  appellate 
courts  of  Cook  county.  He  continued  to  practice  alone  for  nearly 
ten  years,  or  until  June,  1879.  when  he  became  associated  with  the 
late  Hon.  William  J.  Campbell.  This  mutually  profitable  and  harmo- 
nious association  was  dissolved  only  by  the  death  of  Mr.  Campbell  in 
March,  1896.  Mr.  Custer  subsequently  formed  a  partnership  with 
Joseph  A.  Griffin  and  John  M.  Cameron,  under  the  present  name  of 
Custer,  Griffin  and  Cameron. 

In  1880  Mr.  Custer  was  appointed  master  in  chancery  of  the 
superior  court  of  Cook  county,  serving  in  that  capacity  with  signal 
efficiency  until  his  resignation  in  1892.  From  1882  to  1890  he  also 
served  as  the  attorney  'for  the  sheriff  of  Cook  county,  his  incumbency 
covering  the  terms  of  Sherifl:'s  Hanchett  and  Matson.  He  is  known 
as  a  strong  trial  lawyer  and  an  able  advocate,  and  his  individual  and 
partnership  clientage  has  been  drawn  from  the  larger  and  representa- 
tive corporations  and  prominent  business  men. 

Mr.  Custer  has  given  his  attention  entirely  to  practice  in  the  civil 
courts.  Among  the  most  notable  cases  in  which  he  was  retained  men- 
tion may  be  made  of  the  following :  The  suits  of  Armour,  Swift  and 
Morris  versus  the  Union  Stock  Yards  &  Transit  Company,  in  the  cir- 
cuit court,  to  restrain  the  defendant  from  interfering  with  the  dehv- 
ery  of  stock  to  the  plaintiffs  at  their  yards  and  over  the  tracks  of  the 
defendant  company ;  also  the  suits  of  the  smaller  packers  against 
Armour,  Swift  and  Morris  and  the  Union  Stock  Yards  &  Transit 
Company  and  the  Chicago  Junction  railways  and  Union  Stock  Yards 
Company  of  New  Jersey,  for  the  purpose  of  enjoining  the  fulfilment 
of  an  agreement  under  which  the  New  Jersey  company  was  to  pay 
Armour,  Swift  and  Morris,  under  certain  conditions,  three  million 
dollars  of  its  income  bonds.  Some  of  the  most  eminent  counsel  of 
Chicago,  New  York  and  Boston  were  engaged  in  the  litigation, 
which  was  finally  compromised.  Mr.  Custer  was  also  connected  with 
numerous  suits  brought  by  the  attorney-general  against  the  Chicago 
gas  companies  for  the  purpose  of  dissolving  an  alleged  trust ;  also 
with  a  number  of  the  suits  against  the  gas  companies,  within  the  same 
period,  brought  in  the  state  and  federal  courts,  for  the  purpose  of 
perventing  consolidation,  for  the  appointment  of  receivers,  etc.     He 


684  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

was  also  principal  counsel  in  Uie  suits  brought  by  the  attorney-general 
to  'enjoin  the  public  warehousemen  of  class  A  from  storing  their  grain 
in  their  own  warehouses  and  mixing  it  with  the  grain  of  others.  This 
litigation  was  conducted  in  the  circuit  and  state  supreme  courts,  Mr. 
Custer  appearing  for  the  defendants.  More  recently  Mr.  Custer  was 
principal  counsel  for  the  Columbus  Construction  Company  in  its  liti- 
gation with  the  Crane  Company  which  was  protracted  for  years  in 
the  United  States  circuit  court,  circuit  court  of  appeals  and  supreme 
court  of  the  United  States.  He  has  also  been  counsel  for  the  admin- 
istrator and  trustee  of  the  Estate  of  William  T.  Baker  in  the  adminis- 
tration thereof,. and  in  the  varied  complicated  and  important  litigation 
connected  therewith: 

Aside  from  his  college  fraternity,  Phi  Kappa  Psi,  Mr.  Custer  is 
identified  with  no  secret  order.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League 
and  Calumet  clubs.  Of  the  latter  he  was  president  for  three  years. 
His  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  December  i,  1879,  was  formerly 
Miss  Ella  A.  White,  daughter  of  Charles  B.  White — the  latter  lor 
many  years  a  member  of  the  firm  of  White,  Swan  &  Co.,  extensive 
lumber  dealers.  Mrs.  Custer  is  a  native  of  Grand  Rapids,  Michigan, 
and  has  borne  her  husband  two  children — a  son,  who  died  in  infancy, 
and  a  daughter,  Esther  Rambo,  who  died  October  6,  1900,  at  the  age 
of  eighteen  years.     Mr.  Custer  lives  at  3928  Grand  Boulevard. 

Henry  Herbert  Kennedy,   a  prominent  corporation  lawyer  who 

has  been  practicing  in  Chicago  for  more  than  twenty  years,  is  a  native 

of  the  Hawkey e  state,  having  been  born  in  Wash- 

ENRY       .        ingrton  county  on  the  6th  of  June,  1 86 1.    His  promi- 
Kennedy  . '        .  .         . 

nence  in  Congregational  circles  is  a  filial  tribute  to 

the  memory  of  his  father,  who  for  forty  years  was  a  leading  clergy- 
man of  that  denomination.  He  is  the  son  of  Rev.  Joseph  R.  and 
Deborah  (Wilcox)  Kennedy,  the  former  being  a  native  of  Augusta, 
Ohio,  born  in  1828,  and  a  graduate  of  Oberlin  College.  The  father's 
death  occurred  at  Tacoma,  Washington,  on  the  23d  of  September, 
1906.  The  mother,  who  was  born  in  Connecticut,  is  still  a  resident 
of  that  city,  and  all  of  their  four  children  are  living. 

Mr.  Kennedy  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
state  and  at  the  Iowa  College,  Grinnell,  from  which  he  graduated  in 
1883,  and  which  honored  him,  three  years  later,  with  the  degree  of 
A.  M.     For  about  a  year  thereafter  he  was  connected  with  the  Grin- 


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CHICAGO    AND    COOK    CO^\^^■  685 

nell  Herald,  bin  findini;-  his  p.iind  o-i-avitating-  strongly  to  the  legal 
held,  he  decided  ii])on  a  course  in  the  law  department  of  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan,  from  which  he  secured  his  professional  degree  of 
LL.  B.  In  the  year  of  his  graduation  Mr.  Kennedy  became  a  resi- 
dent of  Chicago,  and  for  the  succeeding  five  years  was  in  the  law 
office  of  Moses  and  Newman.  ]n  1890  he  became  associated  with 
the  law  firm  of  Moses,  Pam  and  Kennedy,  now  Moses,  Rosentlial 
and  Kennedy,  enjoying  therefore  the  advantage  of  a  membership  in 
a  firm  which  has  an  extensive  practice  of  more  than  fortv  \ears' 
standing.  In.  this  connection  he  has  now  been  known  for  years  as 
one  of  the  most  reliable  and  successful  corporation  lawyers  in  the 
city. 

In  politics  Mr.  Kennedy  is  known  as  a  stalwart  Republican.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Union  League  Club,  has  been  president  of  the 
Congregational  Club,  and  is  a  corporate  member  of  the  American 
Board  of  Foreign  Missions.  As  a  leader  in  Congregationalism  his 
services  both  as  lawyer  and  a  broad  minded  man  are  eminently  useful. 

On  June  15,  1892,  Henry  H.  Kennedy  was  married  to  Miss  Min- 
nie G.  Perkins,  of  Grinnell,  Iowa,  and  they  have  become  the  ]iarents 
of  one  child — Herbert  H.  In  his  domestic  and  .social  relations  he 
but  rounds  out  his  character  as  a  typical  American  citizen  of  cosmo- 
politan Chicago. 

Although  but  a  few  years  a  resident  of  Chicago,  Hon.  William 
James  Calhoun  is  well  known  to  the  fraternity  of  this  city,  and  freely 

recognized  as  a  leader  of  the  state  bar.  having  en- 

WlLLIAM  J.  •  \  r    ,  ^-  ^    T^  u       i  '1 

^  -^        loyed  a  successful  practice  at  Danvnie  tor  nearlv  a 

Calhoun.       -^  "^  .  ,    ,  .  ,  ',. 

quarter  of  a  century  before  commg  to  the  metropolis. 

As  his  professional  work  took  him  into  all  the  courts  of  Illinois  lie 

was  as  much  at  home  in  Springfield  and  Chicago  as  in  Danville,  and 

his  reputation  was   further  extended  by  his  prominent  participation 

in  the  McKinley  campaign  of  1896  and  his  later  service  as  a  member 

of  the  Interstate  Commerce  Commission. 

William  J.  Calhoun  was  born  at  Pittsburg.  Pennsylvania.  October 

5,  1848,  the  son  of  Robert  and  Sarah  (Knox)  Calhoun.     The  parents 

were  both  of  Scotch-Irish  descent,  the  father  belonging  to  the  Scotch 

clan  of  Colquhon,  one  branch  of  which  emigrated  t<i  Ireland  and  gave 

rise  to  the  Calhouns  of  America.     Mrs.  Calhoun's  father  was  James 

Knox,  for  many  years  an  officer  in  the  British  army  who  emigrated 


686  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

to  the  United  States  and  became  a  resident  of  Pittsburg.  Captain 
John  Knox,  the  great-grandfather,  was  also  identified  with  the  Brit- 
ish mihtary  service,  participated  in  the  French  and  English  wars, 
and  was  the  author  of  what  was  known  as  "Knox's  Diary,"  being- 
a  personal  narrative  of  such  historical  value  that  frequent  reference 
to  it  is  made  by  Francis  Parkman  and  other  writers  upon  that  period. 
In  his  early  life  Robert  Calhoun  was  a  merchant  but  because  of 
broken  health  retired  to  a  farm  near  Youngstown,  Ohio,  where  he 
died  in  March,  1866,  his  wife  having  passed  away  at  Mount  Jackson, 
Pennsylvania,  in  1858. 

In  1864,  when  sixteen  years  of  age,  William  J.  Calhoun  ran  away 
from  home,  and,  after  being  twice  rejected  on  account  of  his  youth, 
finally  succeeded  in  joining  the  Union  forces  as  a  member  of  the 
Nineteenth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  commanded  by  Colonel  Man- 
derson,  lately  United  States  senator  from  Nebraska.  At  the  con- 
clusion of  the  war  and  his  honorable  discharge  he  became  a  student 
at  the  Union  Seminary,  Poland,  Mahoning  county,  Ohio,  at  which 
institution  President  McKinley  received  the  bulk  of  his  education. 
There  William  J.  Calhoun  remained  a  student  for  about  three  years, 
and  became  acquainted  with  the  future  chief  executive  and  the  mem- 
bers of  his  family.  Coming  to  Illinois  in  the  spring  of  1869,  he  first 
located  at  Areola,  Douglas  county,  where  resided  his  maternal  aunt, 
the  wife  of  Dr.  F.  B.  Henry.  There  he  taught  school,  worked  on 
the  farm  and  finally  commenced  the  study  of  the  law.  In  March, 
1874,  he  rem.oved  to  Danville,  and  completed  his  studies  under  the 
direction  of  Hon.  J.  B.  Mann.  After  being  admitted  to  the  bar,  in 
January  of  the  following  year,  he  immediately  entered  into  partner- 
ship with  his  former  professional  preceptor,  forming  the  firm  of 
Mann  and  Calhoun,  afterward  changed  to  Mann,  Calhoun  and  Fra- 
zier.  These  formed  one  of  the  strongest  combinations  of  legal  talent 
in  eastern  Illinois. 

In  the  fall  of  1882  Mr.  Calhoun  was  elected  to  the  general  assem- 
bly of  Illinois,  and  in  the  autumn  of  1884  became  state's  attorney  of 
Vermilion  county.  In  the  fall  of  1889  he  entered  into  partnership  with 
Judge  M.  W.  Thompson,  now  circuit  judge  of  Vermilion  county, 
under  the  firm  name  of  Calhoun  and  Thompson.  Mr.  Calhoun  was 
appointed  general  attorney  for  the  Chicago  and  Eastern  Illinois  Com- 
pany in  1892,  and  while  giving  his  entire  time  to  the  service  of  that 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY        68^ 

I 

company  maintained  his  Danville  office  under  the  firm  name  of  Cal- 
houn and  Steely.  Until  the  approach  of  the  national  campaign  of 
1896,  in  which  his  old  schoolmate,  McKinley,  was  the  nominee  of  his 
party  for  the  presidency,  he  abandoned  politics  and  gave  his  entire 
time  to  the  practice  of  his  profession.  In  that  fierce  contest  Illinois 
was  a  crucial  state,  the  triumph  of  the  Republicans  largely  depending 
upon  carrying  it.  Mr.  Calhoun  headed  his  delegation  from  Vermil- 
ion county,  and  was  selected  to  marshal  the  McKinley  forces  on  the 
floor  of  the  nominating  convention,  and  its  three  days'  session  re- 
sulted in  the  choice  of  his  friend  and  the  national  prominence  of  his 
champion. 

Soon  after  the  inaugiu-ation  of  President  McKinley  conditions  in 
Cuba  assumed  a  most  aggravating  form,  and  among  other  incidents 
which  severely  strained  the  relations  between  Spain  and  the  United 
States  was  the  imprisonment  of  Dr.  Ruiz  as  an  alleged  revolutionist, 
and  the  injuries  subsequently  inflicted  upon  him  which  caused  hjs 
death.  General  Fitzhugh  Lee,  the  consul  at  Havana,  represented  to 
the  United  States  government  that  Dr.  Ruiz  was  a  naturalized  Ameri- 
can citizen,  had  been  foully  dealt  with,  and  requested  an  investigation. 
A  commission  for  that  purpose  was  appointed,  consisting  of  Senor 
Congosta,  on  the  part  of  Spain,  and  Consul  Lee  for  the  United 
States,  Mr.  Calhoun  being  designated  as  special  counsel  to  conduct 
the  case  in  behalf  of  this  country.  The  latter  arrived  in  Havana  in 
May,  1897,  and  remained  for  several  weeks  assisting  in  the  investiga- 
tion. The  Spanish  authorities  claimed  that  Ruiz  committed  suicide 
by  butting  his  head  against  the  iron  door  of  his  cell,  causing  a  fatal 
attack  of  congestion  of  the  brain,  but  their  contention  was  by  no 
means  sustained,  and  the  Spanish  government  finally  made  an  award 
in  favor  of  the  widow  and  children  of  the  deceased,  admitting  that, 
whatever  the  cause  of  his  death,  he  had  been  imprisoned  contrary  to 
the  terms  of  the  existing  treaty  between  the  two  countries.  But 
before  the  award  was  paid,  the  Maine  was  blown  up.  the  Spanish- 
American  war  ensued,  and  the  unfortunate  family  of  Ruiz  never 
recovered  anything. 

Upon  his  return  from  Cuba  Mr.  Calhoun  was  tendered  the  posi- 
tion of  comptroller  of  the  currency,  but  declined  the  office  and  re- 
turned to  the  practice  of  his  profession.  In  May,  1898,  he  accepted 
a  membership  on  the  Interstate  Commerce  Commission,  to  succeed 


688  CHICAGO    AND    COOK'  COUNTY 

William  R.  Morrison,  whose  term  had  expired.'  He  remained  in  this 
position  of  national  responsibility  until  October,  1899,  when  he  re- 
signed to  establish  himself  in  Chicago. 

When  Mr.  Calhoun  became  a  resident  of  this  city  he  associated 
himself  in  the  firm  of  Pam,  Calhoun  and  Glennon,  which  was  later 
changed  to  Calhoun,  Lyford  and  Sheean.  Besides  his  private  practice 
in  this  connection  he  has  been  appointed  legal  representative  of  a  num- 
ber of  railroad  companies  and  other  corporations.  He  is  now  acting 
as  western  counsel  for  the  B.Tltimore  &  Ohio  Railroad  Company  and 
engaged  in  the  general  practice  of  his  profession.  Since  coming  to 
Chicago  he  has  joined  such  well  known  clubs  as  the  Chicago,  Union 
League,  Saddle  and  Cycle,  Onwentsia  and  Exmoor. 

William  J.  Calhoun  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Alice  D. 
Harmon,  of  Danville,  who  died  August  17,  1898.  Two  children  were 
born  to  them:  Marian,  who  married  Philip  C.  Stanwood,  of  Boston, 
and  Corinne,  who  became  the  wife  of  W.  H.  Gray,  Jr.,  also  of  that 
city,  where  both  the  daughters  reside.  In  December,  1904,  Mr.  Cal- 
houn married  as  his  second  wife  Miss  Lucy  Monroe,  of  Chicago,  n 
lady  well  known  in  the  literary  and  social  circles  of  the  city. 

The  family  homestead  of  the  Ashcrafts  was  very  near  the  coun- 
try covered  by  the  initial  operations  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  and 

the  Civil  war,  and  several  of  them  fought  among  the 
Union  ranks.    Echvin  M.  Ashcraft,  the  Chicago  law- 


Edwin  M. 
Ashcraft. 


yer  who  has  become  so  favorably  known  through 
his  two  decades  of  practice  here,  was  born  on  a  farm  near  Clarks- 
burg, Harrison  county.  West  Virginia  (then  Virginia),  on  the  27th 
of  August,  1848.  He  is  the  eldest  of  the  family  of  two  sons  and 
two  daughters,  born  to  James  M.  and  Clarissa  (Swiger)  Ashcraft, 
and  received  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
locality  and  at  the  Wheeling  University.  Subsequently  he  studied 
at  the  State  University,  at  Normal,  Illinois,  and  during  1867-9  taught 
school,  devoting  his  leisure  hours  to  the  study  of  law. 

In  January,  1873,  Mr.  Ashcraft  passed  his  examination  before  the 
supreme  court  of  the  state  sitting  at  Springfield,  was  thus  admitted 
to  practice  at  the  Illinois  bar,  and  at  once  opened  an  office  at  Van- 
dalia,  Fayette  county,  that  state.  His  success  was  so  prompt  and 
decisive  that  before  the  end  of  the  year  he  had  been  elected  prosecut- 
ing attorney  of  the  county,  creditably  performing  the  duties  of  that 


'^<^-o^^e 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  059 

office  for  three  years.  During  that  period  his  reputation  became  so 
firmly  fixed  and  materially  expanded  that  in  1876  he  was  put  forward 
by  the  Republicans  as  their  nominee  for  Congress  from  ilic  sixteenth 
district.  Although  unsuccessful  in  the  campaign,  his  great  popularity 
was  demonstrated  in  that  he  reduced  the  normal  Democratic  majority 
from  five  thousand  to  fourteen  hundred.  His  opponent  in  the  contest 
was  W.  A.  J.  Sparks,  who  served  as  land  commissioner  under  Presi- 
dent Cleveland. 

Mr.  Ashcraft  continued  in  the  prosecution  of  a  growing  practice 
at  Vandalia  until  1887,  in  April  of  that  year  removing  to  Chicago  and 
associating  himself  with  Thomas  and  Josiah  Cratty,  under  the  firm 
name  of  Cratty  Brothers  and  Ashcraft.  On  June  i,  1891,  he  with- 
drew from  that  partnership  and  formed  the  firm  of  Ashcraft  and  Gor- 
don. In  1900  he  associated  himself  in  practice  with  his  sons,  Raymond 
M.  Ashcraft  and  Edwin  M.  Ashcraft,  Jr.,  adopting  the  firm  name  of 
Ashcraft  and  Ashcraft.  Both  before  and  after  coming  to  Chicago 
the  senior  Ashcraft  has  been  recognized  as  one  of  the  strongest  trial 
lawyers  in  the  state,  and  his  standing  has  been  such  that  for  years  he 
has  been  able  to  refuse  those  cases  which  do  not  appeal  to  his  sense 
of  justice.  He  is  a  leading  member  of  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Associa- 
tion, has  served  as  president  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  and  is 
generally  honored  both  for  his  worth  as  an  attorney  and  a  man. 

On  March  16,  1875,  Mr.  Ashcraft  was  married  to  Miss  Florence 
R.  Moore,  daughter  of  Risden  Moore,  of  Belleville,  Illinois,  by  whom 
he  has  had  the  following  children:  Raymond  M.,  Edwin  M.,  Jr., 
Florence  V.,  and  Alan  E.  Although  a  member  of  the  Hamilton  and 
the  Union  League  clubs,  Mr.  Ashcraft  is  domestic  in  his  tastes  and 
finds  his  truest  happiness  in  the  home  circle.  He  is  not  a  member  of 
any  church,  but  contributes  Jiberally  to  approved  works  of  charity 
and  benevolence.  Whether  considered  as  lawyer  or  man  he  is  straight- 
forward, fair  minded  and  forceful. 

Raymond  M.  Ashcraft,  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Ashcraft  and 
Ashcraft,  is  a  native  of  Vandalia,  Fayette  county,  Illinois,  born  on 

the  9th  of  January,  1876.     He  is  the  son  of  Edwin 
Raymond  M.     ^j   ^^^^  Florence  R.  (Moore)  Ashcraft.    The  prac- 
tice of  the  firm  is  of  a  general  nature  and  substantial 

proportions. 

Raymond  M.  Ashcraft  received  his  primary  education  in  the  Van- 

\<il.    11—13 


690  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

dalia  schools,  in  1884-6,  and  through  the  pubhc  system  of  Chicago 
during  1887-92.  After  pursuing  a  higher  course  at  the  Chicago 
Manual  Training  School  from  1892  to  1894,  he  commenced  the  sys- 
tematic study  of  the  law  at  the  Northwestern  University,  from  which 
he  was  graduated  in  1897  with  the  degree  of  LL. -B.  In  the  follow- 
ing year  he  took  a  post  graduate  course  at  Lake  Forest  University, 
receiving  a  similar  degree  from  that  university;  so  that  he  has  laid 
a  solid  groundwork  for  his  professional  future. 

In  the  employ  of  the  firm  of  Ashcraft  and  Gordon  from  1894  to 
1900,  being  admitted  to  practice  in  June,  1897,  and  since  1900  has 
been  associated  with  his  father  as  a  partner.  He  is  a  Republican  in 
politics,  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  and  of  the  Delta 
Chi  collegiate  fraternity,,  and  in  his  religious  convictions  is  a  Presby- 
terian. He  was  married  at  Chicago,  August  3,  1901,  to  Miss  Char- 
leta  Peck,  and  has  one  daughter,  Charleta  Jane,  born  December  8, 
1906.  Mrs.  Ashcraft  is  a  daughter  of  Charles  Peck,  one  of  the 
founders  of  the  Academy  of  Design  and  a  well  known  artist  of  early 
Chicago.     Mr.  Ashcraft's  resides  in  Chicago. 

E.  M.  Ashcraft," Jr.,  who  has  been  a  member  of  the  above  firm 

since  1900,  was  born  at  Vandalia,  Illinois,  September  21,  1877.     He 

was  a  pupil  in  the  Vandalia  schools  during  1884-86, 

.  ■       then  in  the  Chicago  public  schools  until  1892.  and 

Ashcraft,  Jr.    ,       ,      ,  „      .      ^,   ^  ,     ^.      , 

tor  the  lollowmg  three  years  was  a  student  m  the 

Chicago  Manual  Training  School.  In  1900  he  was  graduated  with 
the  degree  of  LL.  B.  from  the  law  department  of  the  University  of 
Michigan.  He  had  been  admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  preceding  October, 
1899,  and  since  entering  the  firm  with  his  father  and  brother  has 
met  with  gratifying  professional  advancement.  Mr.  Ashcraft  mar- 
ried in  Chicago,  October  9,  1903,  Miss  Anna  L.  Strawbridge,  and 
their  son,  now  two  years  old,  is  E.  M.  Ashcraft  III.  Mr.  Ashcraft 
is  a  Republican  and  a  member  of  the  Delta  Chi  fraternity. 

Nowhere  is  the  value  of  thorough  preparation  in  professional 
life  more  evident  than  in  the  domain  of  the  law ;  in  the  legal  field  the 

university  is  a  vital  necessity,  if  the  young  man  rea- 
yr  '        sonably  hopes  to  reach  the  plane  of  a  broad  practice, 

to  get  beyond  the  small  courts  and  the  region  of 
pettifogging.  "Be  sure  you're  right;  then  go  ahead,"  is  a  maxim 
which  need  not  alone  be  posted  in  business  houses.     Hurry,  feverish 


7?Wt:^c:: 


umRY 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  691 

haste  without   for.ethought,  is  fatal  to  the  lawyer  as  well  as  to  the 
merchant. 

Still  a  young-  man,  Harry  Perkins  Weber  prepared  himself 
with  patience  and  thoroughness  before  he  ventured  into  the  activities 
of  his  profession,  with  the  result  that  in  the  few  years  of  his  actual 
practice  he  has  made  noticeable  strides  toward  eminence.  A  native 
of  Kingston,  Adams  county,  Illinois,  where  he  was  born  November 
9,  1869,  he  is  a  son  of  John  and  Rose  (Perkins)  Weber.  The  father 
was  born  in  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  and  now,  at  the  age  of  sixty-five 
years,  resides  at  Barry,  Pike  county,  Illinois,  where  he  is  engaged  in 
the  banking  business.  The  mother,  a  native  also  of  Kingston,  Illinois, 
is  sixty  years  of  age.  From  tlie  public  schools  of  his  home  town  the 
son  under  review  passed  into  the  Illinois  State  Normal  University, 
entering-  the  high  school  department,  from  which  he  graduated  in 
1889. 

Mr.  Weber's  legal  education  commenced  in  the  Columbian  Law 
School,  Washington,  D.  C,  from  which  in  1893  he  received  the 
degree  of  LL.  B.,  and  in  the  following  year  that  of  LL.  ]\I.  Not 
yet  satisfied  with  his  professional  training,  he  entered  in  the  fall 
of  1894  the  Harvard  University  Law  School,  pursuing  at  the  same 
time  supplementary  courses  in  the  academic  department,  and  taking 
the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1897.  He  had  already  obtained  a  broadening 
experience  in  the  official  hfe  of  the  national  capital  as  private  secretary 
to  the  First  Comptroller  of  the  United  States  Treasury,  holding  that 
position  from  1 89 1-4.  In  1896  he  came  to  Chicago,  and  until  July, 
1808,  was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Catlin,  Moulton  and  Weber. 
It  should  be  stated  that  Mr.  Weber  was  admitted  to  practice 
by  the  supreme  court  of  the  District  of  Columbia  in  1894.  and 
by  the  state  supreme  court  in  Illinois  in  1895.  In  the  sum- 
mer of  1898  Mr.  Weber  went  to  Honolulu,  H.  I.,  and  for  about  a 
year  was  engaged  in  practice  there  under  the  firm  name  of  Monsarrat 
and  Weber,  and  in  1899  became  Assistant  Attorney  General  of  the 
Hawaiian  Islands.  Returning  to  Chicago  he  again  became  a  resi- 
dent of  the  city  in  the  winter  of  1899- 1900,  and  since  1901  has  been 
a  member  of  the  well  known  firm  of  Shope.  Mathis.  Zane  and  Weber, 
recently  reorganized  under  the  firm  name  of  Shope,  Zane,  Busby  and 
Weber. 

Mr.  Weber's  education  and  experience  have  admirably  fitted  him 


692  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

for  general  practice,  which  he  has  followed  to  a  large  extent,  although 
he  has  perhaps  obtained  his  strongest  standing  in  the  specialty  ot 
municipal  and  corporate  securities,  and  in  this  line  he  ranks  as  one  of 
the  leading  bond  attorneys  in  the  United  States.  He  has  been  identified 
with  some  of  the  most  important  litigation  of  late  years  at  the  Chi- 
cago bar,  illustrated  by  such  cases  as  The  City  of  Chicago  vs.  The 
State  Board  of  Equalization,  Elkins  vs.  The  City  of  Chicago,  the 
Ninety-nine  Year  Traction  Litigation  and  the  $75,000,000  Street 
Railway  Certificates  Case.  By  the  consideration  of  these  facts  at  this 
point  it  will  be  realized  how  rapid  and  substantial  has  been  his  pro- 
fessional progress.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association, 
as  weh  as  of  the  Law,  University,  Harvard  (Chicago),  Quadrangle 
and  Lake  Zurich  Golf  clubs. 

No  lawyer  at  the  Chicago  bar  is  generally  acknowledged  to  have 
a  more  ready  and  sound  judgment  in  broad  and  intricate  matters  of 

civil  jurisprudence  than  John  Jacob  Herrick,  senior 

-rr  member  of  the  firm  of  Herrick,  Allen,  Boyesen  and 

Martin.  His  knowledge  of  the  law  is  remarkable 
both  for  its  comprehensiveness  and  accuracy,  and  in  its  application  he 
is  earnest,  concise,  logical  and  forceful ;  which  accounts  in  large  meas- 
ure for  the  high  and  substantial  nature  of  his  professional  standing. 

Mr.  Herrick  is  Illinois-born,  being  a  native  of  Hillsboro,  Mont- 
gomery county,  where  he  commenced  this  life  on,  the  25th  of  May, 
1845.  He  is  the  son  of  Dr.  William  B.  and  Martha  (Seward)  Her- 
rick, and  in  early  youth  was  brought  by  his  parents  to  Chicago.  His 
father  was  one  of  the  most  widely  known  and  honored  physicians  irr 
the  city,  and  was  especially  influential  in  furthering  the  cause  of 
medical  education  in  this  locality.  He  was  surgeon  of  a  regiment  of 
Illinois  volunteers  during  the  Mexican  war,  and  on  his  return  became 
one  of  the  first  professors  of  Rush  Medical  College,  for  many  years 
being  an  eminent  occupant  of  its  chair  of  anatomy  and  materia 
medica.  Dr.  Herrick  was  also  the  first  president  of  the  Illinois  State 
Medical  Society.  He  was  prominent  not  only  in  medical  and  scientific 
circles,  but  in  civic  affairs  and  social  life.  But  the  toil,  hardships  and 
exposures  of  campaign  life  had  left  their  effect  upon  his  system,  and, 
in  1857,  on  account  of  failing  health  he  was  compelled  to  have  recourse 
to  the  healthful  atmosphere  of  his  native  Maine  forests. 

The  Herricks  are  of  an  old  English  family,  whose  seat  for  many 


IM.<^, 


fT-T  r 


CHICAGO  -AND    COOK    COUNTY  693 

generations  was  in  Leicestersliire,  and  descendants  of  whom  are  still 
numbered  among  its  residents.  After  the  war  of  the  Revolution 
Jacob  Herrick,  the  great-grandfather  of  John  J.,  who  was  a  lieutenant 
in  that  struggle,  settled  in  Durham,  Maine,  and  there  became  a  Con- 
gregational minister.  The  grandfather  and  the  father  wertjjoth  na- 
tives of  that  town.  The  maternal  family  of  Sewards  were  early 
pioneers  of  Illinois.  John  B.  Seward,  grandfather,  was  a  native  of 
Nev\f  Jersey,  and  settled  in  Montgomery  county  at  an  early  day. 

John  J.  Herrick,  descended  from  stanch  pioneers  of  the  east  and 
the  west,  began  the  serious  work  of  his  education  when  he  came  with 
his  parents  to  Chicago,  where  he  attended  both  the  public  and  the  pri- 
vate schools,  but  at  the  age  of  twelve  years  he  accompanied  his  parents 
on  their  removal  to  Maine.  From  1857  until  1862  he  continued  his 
studies  in  the  academy  at  Lewiston  Falls,  that  state,  where  he  pre- 
pared himself  for  college.  In  tlie  latter  year  he  entered  Bowdoin  Col- 
lege, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1866  with  the  degree  of  Bach- 
elor of  Arts. 

Having  accjuired  a  thorough  education  in  the  quiet  atmosphere  of 
the  east,  his  energetic  and  ambitious  nature  turned  toward  the  west 
as  the  great  field  for  advancement.  Chicago  was  naturally  his  choice, 
as  the  typical  faith  in  her  future  had  already  been  roused  in  him  even 
as  a  boy,  and  he  has  since  closely  and  proudly  followed  her  history 
and  progress.  Returning  to  Chicago  in  the  winter  of  1866-7,  ^"^^  s^" 
cured  a  position  as  teacher  in  the  public  schools  of  Hyde  Park,  wdiich 
at  that  time  was  a  separate  corporation.  While  thus  engaged  in  edu- 
cational work  he  commenced  the  study  of  law  and  at  the  close  of  his 
school  year  was  matriculated  in  the  Law  School  of  the  Old  Chicago 
University,  now  the  Union  College  of  Law,  besides  entering  the  of- 
fice of  Higgins,  Sweet  and  Quigg  as  a  student.  In  the  spring  of  1868 
he  was  graduated  as  valedictorian  of  his  class,  but  continued  with  that 
firm  until  1871,  when  (just  before  the  fire)  he  commenced  an  inde- 
pendent practice. 

From  1 87 1  until  1878  Mr.  Herrick  continued  a  practice  alone, 
which  continually  increased  in  lucrativeness  and  honorable  distinc- 
tion. From  the  very  outset  his  thoroughness  of  preparation  in  what- 
ever litigation  was  entrusted  to  him  inspired  that  confidence  in  him- 
self which  was  infectious  and  an  assurance  of  success.  Among  the 
important  cases  of  this  period  which  he  conducted  were  those  grow- 


694  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ing  out  of  the  failure  of  the  firm  of  John  B.  Lyon  &  Co.  in  1872,  with 
their  suspension  from  the  Board  of  Trade,  and  those  based  upon  the 
alleged  fraudulent  election  of  Michael  Evans  and  others  to  the  South 
Town  offices,  and  their  ouster  from  office  in  1876.  By  1878  Mr.  Her- 
rick's  standing  was  of  such  a  character  that  he  was  able  to  form  a 
partnership  with  Wirt  Dexter,  one  of  the  most  eminent  lawyers  in 
the  country,  and  in  1880  they  were  joined  by  Charles  L.  Allen  under 
the  firm  name  of  Dexter,  Herrick  and  Allen,  an  association  which 
continued  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Dexter  in  May,  1890.  The  remain- 
ing partners  conducted  the  business  until  May,  1893,  when  they  re- 
ceived I.  K.  Boyesen,  forming  the  copartnership  of  Herrick,  Allen 
and  Boyesen,  which  continued  until  1896,  when  Horace  H.  Martin 
was  admitted  to  form  the  present  firm  of  Herrick,  Allen,  Boyesen  and 
Martin.  It  is  largely  due  to  the  wise  counsel  and  the  ceaseless  pro- 
fessional labors  of  the  senior  member  that  the  firm  has  received  such 
a  generous  share  of  the  important  litigation  of  the  city  involving 
both  private  and  corporate  interests. 

Personally  Mr.  Herrick  has  been  particularly  prominent  in  the 
case  of  Devine  vs.  The  People,  which  involved  the  cqnstitutionality  of 
the  law  authorizing  the  county  commissioners  of  Cook  county  to 
issue  bonds  without  authority  of  popular  vote;  Barron  vs.  Burnside, 
argued  before  the  supreme  court  of  Iowa  and  the  supreme  court  of 
the  United  States,  involving  the  validity  of  the  Iowa  statute  as  to 
corporations  of  other  states,  known  as  the  Domestication  Law ;  Stevens 
vs.  Pratt  and  Kingsbury  vs.  Sperry  (before  the  supreme  court  of 
IlHnois)  and  Gross  vs.  United  States  Mortgage  Company  and  United 
States  Mortgage  Company  vs.  Kingsbury  (before  the  United  States 
supreme  court),  by  which  were  decided  important  questions  as  to  the 
rights  of  foreign  corporations  in  Illinois  and  the  construction  of  the 
Illinois  statute  as  to  guardians;  the  cases  of  the  Chicago  &  North- 
western Railroad  Company  vs.  Dey  and  the  State  vs.  Chicago,  Bur- 
lington &  Quincy  Railroad  Company,  argued  before  the  United  States 
courts  in  Iowa,  Nebraska  and  Illinois,  and  covering  broad  questions 
of  constitutional  law  in  their  relations  to  the  rights  of  railroad  cor- 
porations ;  Spalding  vs.  Preston,  embracing  new  and  important  points 
as  to  the  construction  of  the  Illinois  assignment  law;  also  the  Taylor 
and  Storey  will  cases ;  the  great  legal  conflict  between  Eastern,  English 
and  Chicago  interests  in  the  stock  yards  cases;  People  vs.  Kirk,  in- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COL'X'rV  095 

volving-  the  constitutionality  of  the  act  aulh(M-izin«-  the  extension  of 
boulevards  over  the  v^^aters  of  Lake  Michigan,  and  the  rights  of  ripa- 
rian owners  under  the  act;  the  elevator  cases,  involving  vital  questions 
■as  to  the  rights  and  powers  of  elevator  proprietors  under  the  Illinois 
constitution  and  the  warehouse  act.  Hale  vs.  Hale,  in  which  far 
reaching  questions  as  to  the  jurisdiction  of  courts  of  chancery  to 
authorize  sales  or  leases  of  trust  property  not  authorized  by  the  trust 
instrument  were  decided ;  the  important  litigation  beween  the  Rock 
Island  Railroad  Company  and  the  Hannibal  &  St.  Joseph  Railroad 
Company  as  to  the  relative  rights  of  lessor  and  lessee  companies; 
Chicago  Theological  Seminary  vs.  The  People,  in  the  supreme  court 
of  the  United  States,  involving  important  questions  as  to  the  con- 
struction and  effect  of  charter  exemptions  from  taxation;  Field  vs. 
Barting,  involving  new  questions  as  to  the  right  of  lot  owners  to  pre- 
vent obstructions  of  light,  air,  etc.,  above  the  public  highways;  the 
protracted  and  extensive  litigation  with  reference  to  the  Lake  Street 
Elevated  Railroad,  in  which  the  principal  parties  in  interest  were  Wil- 
liam Ziegler  on  the  one  side  and  Charles  T.  Yerkes  on  the  other,  and 
which  involved  many  important  questions  as  to  the  rights  of  mortgage 
bondholders  and  stockholders,  and  the  jurisdiction  of  state  and  fed- 
eral courts ;  the  contested  will  case  of  Palmer  vs.  Bradley,  in  the  state 
and  federal  courts ;  the  litigation  as  to  the  rights  of  the  Chicago  Tele- 
phone Company  under  its  ordinance ;  the  litigation  between  the  City 
of  Chicago  and  the  state,  and  the  street  railway  companies'  as  to  the 
rights  of  the  street  railway  companies,  and  the  recent  Fish-Harriman 
litigation  involving  important  and  far-reaching  questions  as  to  the 
right  of  corporations  of  other  states  to  hold  and  vote  the  stock  of 
Illinois  railroad  companies. 

Mr.  Herrick's  profession  has  absorbed  the  great  bulk  of  his  time 
and  his  mental  and  physical  strength  so  that,  had  he  the  inclination, 
it  would  have  been  injudicious  for  him  to  enter  politics.  As  a  widely- 
read  and  thoughtful  man,  however,  he  has  always  had  firm  convic- 
tions on  all  questions  of  public  polity,  and  has  consistently  refused 
to  be  bound  by  family  tradition  or  the  party  achievements  of  the 
past.  He  judges  both  parties  and  political  leaders  on  the  basis  of 
their  utility  to  the  pressing  and  vital  needs  of  the  country.  Until 
1884  he  was  a  national  Republican;  in  1884  and  1888  he  voted  for 
Grover  Cleveland ;  later  he  advocated  a  reduction  of  the  tariff  on  the 


696  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

line  of  free  trade  and  civil  service  reform,  and  stands  now  as  an  Inde- 
pendent. Especially  in  local  and  municipal  affairs  he  is  non-partisan, 
judging-  both  men  and  measures  from  the  standpoint  of  public  utility. 

Mr.  Herrick  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the 
Law  Institute  and  the  Citizens'  Association,  as  well  as  of  the  Univer- 
sity, the  Chicago  Literary  and  the  Chicago  clubs.  He  was  married 
to  Julie  T.  Dulon  June  28,  1883,  and  they  have  become  the  parents 
of  Clara  M.,  Julie  T.  and  Margaret  J.  In  social  life  he  is  a  gentle- 
man of  scholarly  tastes  and  broad  general  information,  arising  from 
his  wide  acquaintance  with  meii  and  the  best  literature  of  all  ages. 
A  man  of  fine  qualities,  he  is  social,  tolerant,  generous  and  genial, 
and,  with  his  rare  fund  of  knowledge  and  conversational  powers,  is 
a  most  agreeable  companion. 

One  of  the  most  reliable  and  successful  practitioners  at  the  Chi- 
cago bar,  John  Thomas  Richards,  is  also  among  the  most  widely- 

-r  ^  known  Masons  in  the  state.     He  is  a  man  of  firm 

John  T.  .    .  ,    ,  .,.,.. 

-p  convictions,  settled  purpose,  practical  m  his  aims. 

whether  as  an  attorney  or  man,  and  has,  therefore, 
advanced  steadily  to  a  high  and  substantial  professional  position, 
having  been  effective  also  in  the  realization  of  those  projects  which 
are  advanced  by  good  citizens  of  modern  tendencies. 

Mr.  Richards  is  a  native  of  Ironton,  Lawrence  county,  Ohio, 
born  October  13,  185 1,  son  of  Rev.  John  L.  and  Margaret  (Jones) 
Richards,  his  father  being  a  Congregational  clergyman  of  culture 
and  faithful  service,  who  died  May  30,  1889.  His  mother  survived 
her  husband  until  April  3,  1897.  When  six  years  of  age  the  boy  was 
brought  by  his  parents  to  Rock  Island  county,  Illinois,  and  subse- 
quently was  reared  on  a  farm  at  Big  Rock,  Kane  county,  where  his 
father  was  engaged  in  ministerial  work.  John  T.  received  his  edu- 
cation in  the  district  schools  and  at  Wheaton  (IlUinois)  College,  as 
well  as  under  the  careful  tutelage  of  his  father  and  other  private  in- 
structors. The  family  were  in  moderate  circumstances,  and,  accept- 
ing the  situation  in  the  spirit  of  a  man,  he  sought  every  form  of 
honest  work,  and  from  the  age  of  fifteen  was  virtually  his  own  sup- 
port. Until  he  reached  the  age  of  nineteen  he  divided  his  time  be- 
tween agricultural  labors  and  efforts  to  obtain  the  greatest  amount  of 
schooling  possible,  after  which,  for  a  year,  he  worked  for  the  Joliet 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COLXTV  697 

Iron  and  Steel  Company  and  in  Jnly.  iNjj.  became  a  resident  of 
Chicag-o. 

Mr.  Richards  introduced  himself  to  the  people  of  Chicago  as  a 
clerk  in  the  general  store  of  Beers  Brothers,  and  in  September,  1873. 
entered  the  law  office  of  William  Law,  Jr.,  as  a  student,  remaining 
there  for  about  a  year.  He  completed  his  studies  with  Robert  L. 
Tatham  and  Edward  Crane.  On  the  17th  of  September,  1875,  1^^ 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  upon  examination  before  the  supreme  court 
of  Illinois,  and  since  then  has  been  in  general  practice  in  the  state 
and  federal  courts.  In  1887  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Clark  B. 
Samson,  now  deceased,  under  the  iirm  name  of  Richards  and  Sam- 
son, the  connection  continuing  for  about  one  year,  after  which,  until 
1895,  he  practiced  alone.  In  that  year  Mr.  Richards  was  joined  by 
Keene  H.  Addington,  who  had  been  a  clerk  in  his  office  for  some 
five  years.  This  partnership  continued  but  a  short  time,  and  since 
its  dissolution  he  has  conducted  an  independent  professional  business. 

Mr.  Richards  has  been  for  years  one  of  the  busy  lawyers  of  Chi- 
cago, and  among  the  numerous  and  interesting  cases  which  he  has 
conducted  to  a  favorable  conclusion  it  is  difficult  to  specialize.  Two, 
however,  of  comparatively  recent  decision  may  be  adduced  as  illus- 
trative of  the  far-reaching  litigation  which,  through  his  persistency 
and  ability,  have  established  important  principles  of  law  by  the  adju- 
dication of  the  higher  courts.  The  case  of  Crandall  versus  Sorg, 
reported  in  198  Illinois,  was  argued  by  Mr.  Richards  in  the  supreme 
court  of  Illinois,  which  reversed  the  decisions  of  the  appellate  and 
circuit  courts,  and  for  the  first  time  in  the  history  of  that  tribunal 
held  that,  when  the  owner  of  land  leases  it  and,  by  the  same  instru- 
ment, requires  his  tenant  to  make  improvements  thereon,  the  prop- 
erty is  thereby  subjected  to  a  mechanics'  lien  in  favor  of  the  con- 
tractor and  material  man.  whose  labor  and  material  have  entered 
into  the  construction  of  the  improvements. 

In  the  case  of  the  estate  of  Smythe  versus  Evans  (Illinois  Reports 
209.  page  376)  the  appellant  was  represented  by  Mr.  Richards  and 
the  state  supreme  court  again  reversed  the  decisions  of  the  circuit 
and  appellate  courts,  and  for  the  first  time  promulgated  several  im- 
portant legal  principles  which  are  now  in  force  in  the  courts  of  Illi- 
nois. These  and  other  cases  which  might  be  mentionel  indicate  the 
persistent  and  able  way  in  which  he  follows  the  litigation  entrusted  t<> 


698  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

him  into  the  higher  courts,  and  remains  faithfully  with  the  interests 
of  his  clients  until  the  rendition  of  a  final  decision. 

Mr.  Richards  is  a  leading  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Associa- 
tion and  has  served  as  chairman  of  its  grievance  committee,  as  well 
as  its  vice  president.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  American  Bar 
Association.  Being  an  active  Republican,  he  is  prominently  identi- 
fied with  the  Hamilton  and  Union  League  clubs,  being  at  one  time 
vice  president  of  the  former  organization.  It  is  as  a  Mason,  how- 
ever, that  he  is  best  known  outside  of  his  professional  life,  his  identi- 
fication with  the  fraternity  dating  from  Deceipber  6,  1878,  when  he 
was  made  a  Master  Mason  in  Dearborn  Lodge  No.  310,  of  Chicago, 
with  which  he  still  affiliates.  In  1882  he  received  the  Royal  Arch 
degrees  in  Wiley  M.  Egan  Chapter  No.  126,  while  his  further  ad- 
vancement in  the  order  is  shown  in  his  having  attained  membership 
in  Siloam  Council  No.  53,  R.  and  S.  M. ;  Chicago  Commandery  No. 
19,  K.  T.,  and  Oriental  Consistory  and  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine. 
He  has  been  identified  with  the  Knights  Templar  since  July  24, 
1882,  while  his  consistory  degrees  were  passed  April  21,  1892.  He 
has  passed  all  the  chairs  of  the  Dearborn  lodge,  was  prelate  of  Chi- 
cago Commandery  in  1883,  held  a  similar  preferment  two  years  in 
Chevalier  Bayard  Commandery  (1887-88)  with  which  he  became 
affiliated  in  1887,  and  was  generalissimo  of  the  latter  in  1889.  In 
1890  he  was  honored  with  the  office  of  eminent  commander  of  Chev- 
alier Bayard  Commandery. 

On  March  21,  1888,  Mr.  Richards  was  married  to  Miss  Lucy 
Keene,  daughter  of  the  late  N.  B.  Keene,  of  New  Orleans.  The 
mother  of  Mrs.  Richards  is  still  living.  She  was  born  in  Baltimore, 
Maryland,  the  daughter  of  Captain  John  Martin,  an  extensive  ship 
owner  of  that  city.  The  three  children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Richards 
are  Keene,  Lucile  and  Lillian. 

In  the  selection  of  their  counsel  the  great  financial  institutions 

of  the  country  employ  the  utmost  caution  and  careful  judgment,  the 

.         requisites   for  such  identification  being  substantial 

TT  '         leoal  abilitv,  absolute  rectitude  of  character  and  a 

broad  experience  of  the  world  and  men.  All  of 
these  qualities  are  found  in  the  personality  of  James  Calhoun  Hutch- 
ins,  general  attorney  for  the  Illinois  Trust  and  Savings  Bank.     He 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  699 

was  born  in  Chicago  on  the  15th  of  December,  1858,  son  of  James 
Cass  and  Martha  C.  (PhilHps)  Hutchins. 

After  obtaining  a  prehminary  education  in  the  city  schools,  Mr. 
Hutchins  entered  the  Union  College  of  Law  (Northwestern  Univer- 
sity Law  School),  from  which  he  graduated  in  1879  with  his  pro- 
fessional degree  of  LL.  B.  In  the  following  year  he  commenced 
practice  in  Chicago,  and  in  1895  was  appointed  to  his  present  posi- 
tion with  the  Illinois  Trust  and  Savings  Bank.  He  is  also  a  director 
of  the  bank. 

Mr.  Hutchins'  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  at  Lake  Geneva, 
Wisconsin,  in  1884,  was  formerly  Miss  Agnes  L.  Potter,  and  the 
children  born  to  them  have  been  James  Cadwell,  Edward  Potter  and 
John  Mitchell.  Mr.  Hutchins  is  sociable  and  popular,  and.  aside 
from  his  identification  with  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Union  League,  Chicago,  University,  Mid-Day  and  Midlo- 
thian clubs. 

Harrison  Musgrave,  a  practitioner  at  the  Chicago  bar  for  nearly 
a  quarter  of  a   century,    is   a  native   of   Charlotte,   Michigan,   born 

October  28,    i860,  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Miranda 

,^  (Pancoast)  Musgrave.     The  father  was  once  pres- 

ident of  the  First  National  Bank  of  that  city,  a  po- 
sition he  occupied  as  early  as  1879.  The  mother,  who  was  a  native 
of  Ohio,  died  in  Chicago  in  1895.  Harrison  Musgrave  was  pri- 
marily educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Charlotte,  and  in  1876-77 
attended  the  Olivet  (Michigan)  College,  completing  a  very  thorough 
literary  training  at  the  University  of  Michigan  during  1878-80.  This 
was  followed  by  two-years  of  business  in  his  home  city,  and  in  1883 
he  realized  a  long-cherished  ambition,  ever  growing  in  strength,  by 
his  entrance  to  the  Columbian  University  Law  School,  Washington, 
D.  C,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1884  with  the  degree  of 
LL.  D.  It  will  be  seen  that  Mr.  Musgrave's  preparation  was  broad 
and  thorough,  but  at  the  same  time  especially  fitted  to  give  him  effi- 
ciency in  those  qualities  required  of  one  who  was  to  occupy  the  pro- 
fessional field  in  which  he  has  become  prominent. 

After  his  graduation  from  the  Columbian  University  Law  School, 
Mr.  Musgrave  came  at  once  to  Chicago.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
Illinois  bar  in  1885,  and  in  1889  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Flower,   Smith  and   Musgrave.      It   remained  under  this  style  until 


700  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

October  i,  1902,  when  it  was  changed  to  Musgrave,  Vroman  and 
Lee,  which  now  conducts  a  large  corporation  and  commercial  busi- 
ness, and,  besides  the  senior  partner,  is  composed  of  Charles  E.  Vro- 
man, long  a  prominent  Wisconsin  lawyer;  James  G.  Gascoigne  and 
John  H.  S.  Lee. 

As  might  be  intimated,  Mr.  Musgrave's  popularity  and  high 
standing  are  forcibly  told  by  his  prominence  in  several  of  the  pro- 
fessional associations  with  which  he  is  connected.  He  was  president 
of  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association  in  1906-7;  vice  president  of  the 
Chicago  Bar  Association  in  1904-5,  and  member  of  the  board  of 
managers  for  six  years ;  president,  also,  of  the  Law  Club  of  Chicago 
in  1901-2.  He  has  a  substantial  standing  among  the  members  of 
the  national  organization,  the  American  Bar  Association,  and  stands 
firmly  as  a  highly-respected  and  broad-minded  representative  of  an 
honorable  and  liberal  profession.  In  his  fraternal  affiliations  he  is 
connected  with  the  Psi  Upsilon,  and  his  club  life  centers  in  the  Chi- 
cago, University,  Onwentsia,  Saddle  and  Cycle  and  Lake  Zurich 
Golf  organizations.  He  supports  Republican  principles,  but  is  neither 
a  partisan  nor  a  politician,  both  disposition  and  opportunity  prevent- 
ing him  from  assuming  either  character. 

On  the  7th  of  November,  1889,  Mr.  Musgrave  was  united  in 'mar- 
riage with  Miss  Meta  D.  Kimberly,  the  ceremony  occurring  at  Sagi- 
naw, Michigan,  of  which  state  his  wife  is  a  native.  One  son,  Harri- 
son Musgrave,  Jr.,  has  been  born  of  their  union. 

Silas  Hardy  Strawn,  junior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Winston, 

Payne  and  Strawn,  is  a  son  of  the  state  in  which  he  has  made  a  sub- 

stantial  reputation,  being  born  on  a  farm  near  Ot- 

„  ■         tawa,  Illinois,  on  the  i^th  of  December,  1866.     He 

Strawn.  '        ,      '         ,      ^  ,  .  ,       1      1   ■      t 

graduated  from  the  Ottawa  high  school  m  June, 

1885,  and  then  engaged  in  teaching  for  two  years,  after  which  he 
read  law  in  the  office  of  Bull  and  Strawn  of  that  city.  Mr.  Strawn 
passed  his  examination  for  admission  to  the  bar  on  May  22,  1889, 
and  practiced  in  LaSalle  county  for  the  succeeding  two  years.  He 
became  a  resident  of  Chicago  in  September,  1891,  and  until  the  fol- 
lowing April  was  in  the  employ  of  the  law 'firm  of  Weigley,  Bulkley 
and  Gray.  He  was  a  clerk  for  Winston  and  Meagher  until  Sep- 
tember I,  1894,  when  he  was  admitted  to  partnership.  This  associa- 
tion continued  until  January  i,  1902,  when  Mr.  Meagher  retired  from 


T^c  d.£>v,s  FU^ 


(^-^^^^i:::^2^Z^t.---t--T,.^      ^^ 


-zr 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  701 

the  firm,  and  its  style  became  Winston,  Strawn  and  Shaw,  which,  by 
the  admission  of  Judge  John  Barton  Payne,  October  i,  1903.  be- 
came Winston,  Payne  and  Strawn,  and  later  Winston,  Payne,  Strawn 
and  Shaw. 

Although  the  business  of  the  firm  is  general,  it  is  largely  corpora- 
tion practice  and  conducted  in  the  higher  courts,  Mr.  Strawn  has 
argued  many  important  cases  in  the  Illinois  courts  of  last  resort  and 
the  supreme  court  of  the  United  States.  He  is  an  active  member  of 
the  American  Bar  Association,  the  Illinois  Bar  Association  and  the 
two  local  organizations,  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  and  the  Chi- 
cago Law  Club.  As  an  additional  indication  of  the  range  of  his  ac- 
tivities it  should  be  stated  that  he  is  a  director  of  and  counsel  for 
several  corporations.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  Mid- 
Day,  Midlothian  Country,  Glen  View,  South  Shore  Country  and  Ex- 
moor  Country  clubs.  On  June  22,  1897,  Mr.  Strawn  married  Miss 
Margaret  Stewart,  at  her  home  in  Binghamton,  New  York,  and 
the  two  children  of  this  union  are  Margaret  Stewart  and  Katherine 
Stewart  Strawn. 

Adams  Augustus  Goodrich  has  earned  a  distinguished  place  at 
the  bar  and  on  the  bench  of  the  state  of  Illinois.     It  is  forcibly  illus- 
trative of  his  legal  solidity  and  versatility  that  he 

^  ■        should  have  made  a  high  record  as  a  private  prac- 

GOODRICH.  .  .  .        *  .        ,  , 

titioner,  a  prosecutmg  attorney  for  the  state,  and  a 

learned,  impartial  jurist.  A  brief  analysis  of  his  most  marked  traits 
of  character  is  explanatory  of  his  unusual  measure  of  success.  While 
keen  and  logical,  earnest  and  eloquent,  he  is  also  careful  in  the  devel- 
opment of  his  legal  plans  and  has  the  faculty,  strongly  natural  and 
persistently  trained,  of  piercing  to  the  foundation  principles  of  any 
contention.  Being  thus  firmly  grounded,  the  details  naturally  ar- 
range themselves  and  the  mind  is  left  clear  and  positive  to  work  along- 
definite  lines  of  thought.  Thus  it  is  that  Mr.  Goodrich,  whether  as 
private  practitioner,  prosecutor  or  judge,  always  had  his  case  firmly 
in  hand,  and  could  never  be  diverted  to  side  issues,  which  has  beeai 
the  prime  secret  of  his  great  legal  strength  and  success. 

Mr.  Goodrich  is  a  native  of  Illinois,  born  on  the  8th  of  January, 
1849,  tl^^  ^^^^  o^  Henry  O.  and  Jane  A.  Goodrich,  and  is  a  representa- 
tive of  one  of  the  pioneer  families  of  the  state,  his  father  having 
located  in  Jersey  county  in  1839.     The  boy  was  educated  in  the  pul)- 


702  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

lie  schools  of  Jerseyville  until  he  was  sixteen  years  of  age,  when, 
through  the  appointment  of  his  uncle,  A.  L.  Knapp  (then  an  Illinois 
congressman),  he  entered  the  West  Point  Military  Academy,  and  for 
three  years  and  a  half  received  the  benefits  of  its  course.  But  ill 
health  compelled  him  to  resign  his  cadetship,  and  for  two  years  there- 
after he  traveled  in  the  west  seeking  and  securing  a  restoration  of 
health.  Returning  to  his  native  town  he  commenced  his  legal  stud- 
ies in  the  office  of  his  uncle,  Robert  M.  Knapp,  and  continued  them 
with  Hon.  A.  L.  Knapp,  of  Springfield.  Afterward  he  married  a 
cousin,  Miss  Jane  A.  Knapp,  and  altogether  he  is  largely  responsible 
for  his  start  in  life  and  his  subsequent  happiness  to  his  maternal 
uncles. 

Upon  examination  by  the  supreme  court  at  the  capital  Judge 
Goodrich  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1873,  ^^^  ^.t  once  opened  an 
office  at  Jerseyville.  He  soon  became  politically  active  and  influen- 
tial and  in  1878,  1880  and  1884  was  elected  by  the  Democracy  as 
state's  attorney  of  Jersey  county,  resigning  that  position  in  October, 
1887,  in  view  of  his  coming  elevation  to  the  bench  of  the  county 
court.  From  one  of  many  facts  which  might  be  recorded  it  is  evi- 
dent that  his  record  as  county  judge  is  extremely  creditable,  for  dur- 
mg  his  incumbency  Judge  Richard  Prendergast  called  upon  him  to 
assist  in  disposing  of  pressing  matters  which  had  glutted  the  dockets 
of  the  Cook  county  court.  It  was  by  thus  rendering  highly  appre- 
ciated services  and  coming  into  such  intimate  and  pleasant  relations 
with  the  bench  and  bar  of  the  metropolis  that  Judge  Goodrich  was 
strongly  attracted  to  Chicago,  finally  making  it  his  home  in  August, 
1889.  He  has  since  practiced  here  with  unvarying  advancement  in 
reputation  and  substantial  rewards.  As  senior  member  of  the  firm 
of  Goodrich,  Vincent  and  Bradley,  he  is  widely  known  as  an  honor- 
able and  successful  general  practitioner,  and  he  is  also  recognized  as 
one  of  the  most  liberal  and  far-seeing  promoters  of  higher  education 
in  the  state.  From  1895  to  1900  he  was  especially  identified  with 
the  Northern  Illinois  Normal  School.  In  the  former  year  Governor 
Altgeld  appointed  him  one  of  the  five  trustees  to  locate,  establish  and 
build  the  school.  Its  site  was  fixed  at  DeKalb;  Judge  Goodrich  was 
elected  president  of  the  first  board  of  trustees  in  1895,  and  re-elected 
as  a  member  of  the  board  for  the  term  ending  1900. 

Judge  Goodrich  has  a  wide  and  influential  connection  with  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  703 

historic  fraternities,  being  a  Knight  Templar  Mason  and  a  member 
of  long  and  good  standing  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows and  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  He  is  also  identified  with  the  Chi- 
cago Athletic,  the  Iroquois  and  the  Washington  Park  clubs. 

Edward  Fisk  Gorton  is  well  known  both  as  an  able  lawyer  and  as 
being  one  of  the  most  progressive  and  satisfactory  mayors  who  ever 

presided  over  the  affairs  of  any  of  Chicago's  grow- 
^  *       ing  and  cultured  suburbs.     He  is  a  native  of  Ashta- 

bula,  Ohio,  born  May  6,  1854,  the  son  of  Anson 
and  Ellen  (Fisk)  Gorton.  His  father  was  a  Canadian,  of  Toronto, 
and  died  in  Lake  Forest,  Illinois,  July  4,  1897,  at  the  age  of  seventy- 
two  years.  During  the  active  years  of  his  business  life  the  elder 
Gorton  was  engaged  in  the  express  business,  first  with  the  Adams 
and  later  with  the  Wells- Fargo  companies.  Mr.  Gorton's  mother 
was  born  at  Ashtabula,  Ohio,  and  died  there  May  7,  1854. 

This  is  a  branch  of  the  Gorton  family  that  was  founded  in  Amer- 
ica by  the  non-conformist  Samuel  Gorton  in  1636.  Coming  to  the 
new  world  to  enjoy  religious  freedom,  he  was  imprisoned  in  Boston 
for  heretical  teaching,  and  finally  took  refuge  in  Rhode  Island,  where 
he  associated  with  Roger  Williams.  In  1643  ^^^  ^^"^d  his  followers 
were  led  to  Boston,  tried  as  "damnable  heretics"  and  sentenced  to 
hard  labor  in  arms.  His  claim  to  land  on  the  west  side  of  Narra- 
gansett  bay  was  finally  confirmed  and  he  spent  his  remaining  years 
in  comparative  c[uiet,  recognized  as  the  founder  and  head  of  a  re- 
ligious sect  that  endured  a  hundred  years.  His  descendants  now 
number  some  ten  thousand,  including  many  prominent  figures  both 
in  church  and  state. 

The  preparatory  steps  for  the  professional  education  of  Edward 
F.  Gorton  were  taken  in  the  schools  of  Rochester.  In  November, 
1872,  he  became  a  resident  of  Chicago,  and  in  1874  entered  the 
Union  College  of  Law,  from  which  he  was  graduated  on  the  9th  of 
June.  1876.  In  his  class  were  such  men  as  Hempstead  Washburne, 
William  B.  Conger,  Adrian  Honore,  David  L.  Zook,  Judge  \\'ing,- 
Arnold  Heap  and  Wallace  DeWolf ;  he  had  good  company,  but  none 
of  his  associates  has  made  a  more  substantial  reputation  both  as  a 
lawyer  and  man  of  affairs  than  Mr.  Gorton.  Admitted  to  the  bar  on 
June  9,  1876,  he  first  formed  a  partnership  with  William  P.  Conger, 
Due  of  his  class-mates,  under  the  firm  name  of  Conger  and  Gorton. 


704  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

This  harmonious  and  mutually  advantageous  connection  continued 
until  Mr.  Conger's  death  in  February,  1887.  His  association  v/ith 
Walker  Blaine,  son  of  the  great  Maine  statesman,  also  endured  until 
the  death  of  the  latter  in  1889.  Since  that  year  Mr,  Gorton  has  been 
engaged  in  a  constantly  growing  independent  practice,  which  has 
been  both  profitable  and  reputation-building.  Although  his  profes- 
sional career  has  been  extended  along  general  lines,  he  is  known  as 
an  especially  thorough  and  astute  real  estate  lawyer. 

In  politics,  Mr.  Gorton  is  a  Republican,  and  well  served  his  party, 
as  well  as  established  an  individual  reputation  in  the  independent  and 
business-like  performance  of  his  duties  as  mayor  of  Lake  Forest 
from  1895  to  1902.  Under  his  administrations  the  already  beautiful 
little  city  underwent  many  important  improvements,  and  had  he  con- 
sented Mr.  Gorton  could  undoubtedly  have  had  a  life  tenure  of  office. 
His  years  of  residence  at  Lake  Forest  covered  the  period  from  1892 
to  1906,  prior  to  the  former  year  his  home  being  in  Hyde  Park. 
In  1906  he  transferred  his  home  to  near  Geneva,  Kane  county,  Illi- 
nois, where  he  now  enjoys  all  the  invigorating  influences  of  country 
life,  and  in  his  beautiful  residence  there  retains  all  the  culture  of  the 
city.  Since  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  1876  he  has  had  his  law 
office  in  Chicago,  although  gravitating  more  and  more  beyond  the 
wear  of  the  city  in  the  fixing  and  development  of  his  domestic  and 
social  activities.  It  is  such  men  who  are  of  the  wearing  and  expan- 
sive kind.  Mr.  Gorton's  wife  was  formerly  Miss  Fannie  L.  Whitney, 
to  whom  he  was  married  June  9,   1879: 

Senior  member  of  the  widely-known  firm  of  Cratty  Brothers  and 
Jarvis,  Thomas  Cratty  is  one  of  the  most  forceful  members  of  the 

Chicago  bar,  and  for  years  has  been  credited  with 

^  standing-  in  the  front  rank  of  jury  lawyers.     The 

Cratty.  ,      .  .  ^      .  ,  .        .    ,    ,  .    ,  ,      ,  .        , 

elasticity  ot  his  mmd,  his  keen  faculties  of  percep- 
tion and  analysis,  and  his  mastery  of  the  principles  of  the  common 
law  have  made  him  a  remarkably  striking  and  successful  advocate. 
If  there  is  a  close  legal  point  involved  in  any  issue  his  examination  of 
authorities  bearing  upon  it  is  exhaustive.  With  a  thorough  knowl- 
edge of  the  case  in  all  its  bearings  and  unerring  and  ready  application 
of  the  principles  of  the  law,  his  addresses  before  court  and  jury  are 
necessarily  models  of  clearness  and  convincing  logic.  Quick  to  per- 
ceive and  guard  the  weak  phases  of  his  own  case,  he  never  fails  to 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  705 

assault  his  adversary  at  the  point  where  his  armor  is  defective.  In 
a  word,  Mr.  Cratty  has  developed  to  quite  a  remarkable  des^ree  the 
necessary  talent  of  the  modern  court  lawyer,  to  think  and  act  both 
quickly  and  powerfully  "on  his  feet." 

Mr.  Cratty  is  a  native  of  Champaign  county,  Ohio,  and  of  Irisii 
lineage,  his  great-grandfather  having  emigrated  from  the  north  of 
Ireland  to  Pennsylvania  in  the  year  1760.  Representatives  of  the 
family  were  prominent  factors  in  the  public  life  of  the  Keystone 
state,  and  the  grandfather,  a  native  of  Franklin  county,  Pennsylvania, 
was  a  Revolutionary  soldier.  William  Cratty,  the  father,  was  born 
in  Butler  county,  Pennsylvania,  June  20,  1805,  but  in  18 14  removed 
to  Ohio,  and  in  April,  1826,  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Candis 
Bennett,  a  native  of  Rhode  Island,  who  was  herself  1)fn-n  on  Christ- 
mas day  of  1805.  William  Cratty  was  so  pronounced  an  anti-slavery 
man  that  it  is  said  his  enemies  once  fixed  a  price  upon  his  body,  dead 
or  alive,  if  delivered  south  of  the  Allegheny  river.  For  many  years 
he  was  an  energetic  and  industrious  farmer,  but  spent  his  last  years 
in  a  well-earned  retirement  from  labor,  his  death  occurring  in  1897. 
His  wife  passed  away  January  27,  1875.  The  deceased  were  es- 
teemed members  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  kindly  and  noble 
character,  and  were  the  parents  of  four  sons  and  eight  daughters. 

Thomas  Cratty  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  the  home  farm,  and, 
although  he  snatched  his  education  from  the  labors  attendant  upon 
such  a  life,  he  was  so  strong  mentally,  as  well  as  physically,  that  he 
was  qualified  to  teach  at  an  early  age.  He  was  thus  engaged  as  a 
frontier  teacher  until  the  fall  of  1854,  when  he  went  south  with  the 
dual  purpose  of  obtaining  recreation  and  of  studying  the  institution 
of  slavery.  This  personal  observation  determined  his  opposition  to 
it,  and  he  joined  the  new  Republican  party.  In  1856  he  resumed 
farming,  but  the  loss  of  his  property  in  i860  forced  him  to  abandon 
that  occupation  and  led  him  to  undertake  his  long-cherished  plan 
of  becoming  a  lawyer. 

Leaving  behind  him  forever  the  old  familv  homestead.  Mr.  Cratty 
came  to  Chicago  and  at  once  entered  the  Chicago  Law  School,  from 
which  he  was  graduated  with  honors  in  1861.  During  this  period 
he  lived  in  a  little  rented  room,  and  was  his  own  housekeeper.  He 
had  no  money  to  pay  his  tuition,  and  to  his  professor  gave  his  note 
which  was  to  be  paid  out  of  his  first  lawyer's  fees.     In  spite  of  these 

Vol.    11—14 


7o6-  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

drawbacks  he  ranked  high  as  a  student,  and  was  always  cheerful  and 
confident  of  the  future. 

With  one  volume  constituting  his  library,  Mr.  Cratty  opened  his 
first  law  office  in  Elmwood,  Peoria  county,  Illinois,  but,  although  the 
road  to  success  was  rough  and  discouraging,  he  had  been  inured  to 
hard  labor  from  childhood,  and  with  intelligently  directed  industry 
and  persistency  fought  his  way  to  eminence.  In  the  fall  of  1863  he 
removed  to  Peoria,  where  he  entered  into  partnership  with  Hon.  W. 
W.  O'Brien,  with  whom  he  was  associated  for  three  years.  In  Janu- 
ary, 1872,  was  organized  the  firm  of  Cratty  Brothers,  of  Peoria, 
its  junior  member  being  Josiah  Cratty,  who  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
in  that  year.  They  developed  such  a  large  and  profitable  business 
that  the  senior  member  determined  to  seek  even  a  broader  field  in 
Chicago.  Mr.  O'Brien  had  preceded  him  thither,  and  on  May  i, 
1880,  they  again  formed  a  partnership  under  the  firm  name  of  O'Brien 
and  Cratty.-  After  five  months  in  this  connection,  Mr.  Cratty  became 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Tenney,  Flower  and  Cratty,  which  was  dis- 
solved May  I,  1882,  and  for  a  time  the  junior  was  alone  in  business. 
Subsequently  he  was  a  member  of  the  firms  of  Cratty  Brothers, 
Jarvis  and  Cleveland  (1884),  Cratty,  Jarvis  and  Cleveland,  and 
Cratty  Brothers,  Jarvis  and  Latimer.  Of  the  last  named  he  was  the: 
senior  member,  and  it  included,  besides  his  brother  Josiah,  William 
B.  Jarvis  and  W.  D.  Latimer.  The  legal  business  of  the  firm  was 
largely  devoted  to  corporation  law. 

Thomas  Cratty  has  been  connected  with  several  important  busi- 
ness interests  outside  his  profession.  From  1871  to  1873  he  was 
associated  with  Leslie  Robinson  in  the  publication  of  the  Peoria  Re- 
viezv,  a  daily,  weekly  and  tri-weekly  Republican  newspaper,  which 
in  the  campaign  of  1872,  supported  Horace  Greeley  for  the  presidency. 
The  plant  also  comprised  an  extensive  steam  job  office,  and  blank 
book  manufactory  and  bindery,  but  on  account  of  the  too  heavy  de- 
mands upon  his  time,  Mr.  Cratty  was  obliged  to  dispose  of  his  in- 
terest in  the  enterprise.  He  has  also  been  financially  interested  in  the 
Elmwood  Paper  Manufacturing  Company,  the  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce Association  of  that  city  and  the  Merchants'  Exchange,  and 
actively  promoted  the  Peoria  public  library.  At  an  earlier  day  he 
assisted  in   organizing  the  teachers'   institute  of  Knox  county,   and 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  70/ 

while  a  busy  and  prosperous  practitioner  in  Peoria  was  law  lecturer 
for  several  years  in  Cole's  Commercial  College. 

Mr.  Cratty  has  been  a  life-long  Republican,  although  giving  the 
liberal  movement  within  the  party  headed  by  Horace  Greeley  and 
Charles  Sumner,  his  hearty  and  influential  support.  He  was  one  of 
the  organizers  of  the  Washington  Park  Club,  of  Chicago,  in  1883, 
and  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  Marquette,  Irish-American 
and  Veteran  Union  clubs.  He  is  also  identified  with  the  Peoria  Law 
Library,  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  State  Bar  Association,  the 
Chicago  Law  Institute  and  the  Chicago  Real  Estate  Board. 

J.osiah  Cratty,  since  1884  one  of  the  leading  attorneys  of  Chicago, 
member  of  the  firm  of  Cratty  Brothers  and  Jarvis,  came  to  Chicago 

from  Peoria,  where  he  had  studied  law  with  his 
;;  brother,  Thomas,  and  become  known  for  his  thor- 

CrATTY.  ,  m-  1  11- 

ough  ability  and  sound  business  judgment  before 
his  removal  to  the  city.  That  the  legal  ability  of  America  is  broad- 
ening from  the  technical  limits  of  the  profession  and  allying  itself 
more  and  more  with  business,  was  a  recent  observation  of  the  Eng- 
lish ambassador,  James  Bryce,  and  Mr.  Cratty's  success  in  corpora- 
tion law  and  business  organization  is  a  case  in  verification  of  the 
judgment  of  that  acute  student  of  American  affairs.  For  more  than 
twenty  years  Mr.  Cratty  has  given  attention  to  the  practice  demanded 
of  the  corporation  attorney,  and  has  organized  many  of  the  largest 
corporations  in  the  middle  west,  in  many  of  which  he  is  an  active 
director  and  official.  The  law  firm  of  which  he  is  a  member  has  spa- 
cious offices  on  the  fifteenth  floor  of  the  Fort  Dearborn  building. 

Mr., Cratty,  who  was  born  in  Delaware  county,  Ohio,  August  16, 
1846,  was  a  son  of  William  and  Candis  (Bennett)  Cratty,  and  came 
of  North  Irish  stock,  the  date  of  the  emigration  of  his  great-grand- 
father from  Ireland  to  America  being  1760.  In  Pennsylvania  the 
family  took  part  in  public  affairs,  and  the  grandfather  served  in  the 
Revolutionary  war.  William  Cratty,  the  father,  who  was  born  in 
Butler  county,  Pennsylvania,  June  28,  1805,  became  an  Ohio  settler 
when  only  nine  years  old,  and  in  that  state  married  Miss  Candis 
Bennett  in  April,  1826.  A  pronounced  anti-slavery  man,  he  was 
many  years  an  active  worker  in  connection  with  the  "underground 
railroad"  when  that  institution  was  in  its  flourishing  days,  so  suc- 
cessful  in  aiding  the  cause  of  the  abolishing  of  human  slavery  in 


7o8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

America.  He  spent  his  life  as  an  energetic  and  industrious  farmer, 
and  was  the  father  of  twelve  children.  His  wife  died  in  1875,  and 
he  survived  until  1897.     The)^  were  both  stanch  Presbyterians. 

Mr.  Cratty  was  reared  on  a  farm  in  Ohio  and  Illinois,  receiving 
a  public  school  education,  and  when  eighteen  years  old,  in  1864,  en- 
listed in  Company  L,  Fifth  New  York  Cavalry,  which  regiment  com- 
posed a  part  of  Custer's  Corps.  In  this  command  he  saw  service 
in  all  the  battles  that  were  fought  up  and  down  the  Shenandoah  val- 
ley in  1864-65,  and  at  the  battle  of  Cedar  Creek,  October  19,  1864, 
was  at  the  point  where  Sheridan  joined  his  warring  forces  at  the  end 
of  his  famous  ride  from  Winchester  town.  After  this  fight  Mr.  Crat- 
ty's  regiment  was  Sheridan's  body  guard.  He  received  his  discharge 
at  Winchester,  Virginia,  in  July,  1865.  He  was  never  wounded,  bui. 
had  two  horses  shot  from  under  him.  From  the  close  of  the  war  un- 
til he  began  studying  law  with  his  brother  in  Peoria,  he  was  engaged 
in  teaching  Illinois  public  scliools.  A! successful  examination  before 
the  supreme  court  at  Springfield  January  6,  1872,  allowed  him  to 
begin  practice,  and  his  career  as  a  lawyer  has  been  uninterrupted 
since  that  time. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  Illinois  Bar- 
Association,  the  City  Club,  the  Chicago  Press  Club  and  Oak  Park 
Club,  the  Phil  Sheridan  G.  A.  R.  Post,  Chicago  Commercial  Associa- 
tion, the  Commercial  Law  League  of  America  and  the  Royal  Ar- 
canum. In  politics  a  Republican,  and  a  member  of  the  Congrega- 
tional church.  He  married  in  1875,  Miss  Libbie  M.  Earing,  who 
died  in  1887,  leaving  a  son,  Paul  Jones,  and  a  daughter,  Theo  Candis. 
His  present  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  in  April,  1892,  was  Miss 
Kate  E.  Jabine,  of  Springfield,  Illinois._ 

A  native  of  stirring,  progressive  Chicago,  Joseph  E.  Bidwill,  Jr., 

clerk  of  the  circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  has  the  distinction  of  being 

^         the  youngest  man  ever  elected  to  a  county  office  in 
Joseph  E 
p  ■        the  United  States.     He  was  born  July  i,   1883,  in 

what  is  now  a  part  of  the  Eleventh  ward,  compos- 
ing a  portion  of  the  populous  west  side,  which  wields  so  potent  an 
influence  in  the  civic  affairs  of  Chicago.  Joseph  E.  Bidwill,  his 
father,  is  also  a  native  of  Chicago,  where  for  years  he  has  been  one 
of  the  most  substantial  m^en  on  the  Board  of  Trade,  and  a  grain  ex- 
pert second  to  none.     His  long  service  on  the  State  Grain  Inspec- 


■.^^i^ 


11 


I'l'EIIC   LI3RARV 


^Vnyyi  ::,+-,v;r,;v 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  709 

tion  Board  and  his  graduation,  through  all  the  official  positions,  to 
the  rank  of  chief  grain  inspector  (serving  thus  from  1901  to  1904) 
marks  him  as  master  of  his  great  business,  and  his  record  is  in  some 
respects  without  parallel  in  the  history  of  the  trade.  He  also  held 
the  position  of  railroad  and  warehouse  commissioner,  and  has  been 
for  many  years  a  strong  factor  in  municipal,  county  and  state  poli- 
tics, never  shirking  his  duties  as  a  reliable  and  working  Republican. 
In  1896  he  served  as  a  delegate  to  the  national  convention,  and  has 
long  been  a  stanch  member  of  the  Chicago  central  and  Cook  county 
Republican  committees. 

Joseph  E.  Bidwill,  Jr.,  received  a  thorough  education  at  the  St. 
Charles  parochial  school,  the  Joseph  Medill  grammar  school,  from 
which  he  was  graduated,  St.  Ignatius  College  and  the  old  English 
high  and  manual  training  school,  being  graduated  from  the  last 
named  in  1900.  He  subsequeutl}^  took  a  special  course  at  the  Lewis 
Institute,  and,  having  completed  his- school  work,  enjoyed  a  valuable 
year  of  legal  experience  in  the  office  of  Winston  and  Meagher.  From 
1902  to  January,  1906,  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  Chicago  National 
Bank  as  general  clerk  and  bookkeeper,  and  until  the  following  fall 
was  connected  with  N.  W.  Harris  and  Company,  bankers.  His  cour- 
tesy and  practical  business  and  executive  ability,  coupled  with  his 
uncompromising  and  inspiring  Republicanism,  had  already  brought 
him  so  favorably  to  the  notice  of  the  leaders  of  the  party  that  in 
June,  1906,  he  had  become  its  nominee  for  the  position  which  he 
now  admirably  fills,  and  to  which  he  was  elected  on  November  6th 
by  the  decisive  plurality  of  40,000.  Socially  and  fraternally.  Mr. 
Bidwill  is  identified  with  the  Hamilton  Club,  the  Illinois  Commercial 
Men's  Association,  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  Fort  Dearborn  Club 
and  Catholic  Order  of  Foresters.  In  the  administration  of  the  af- 
fairs of  the  office  he  has  been  most  fortunate  and  successful  and  in 
the  chancery  department,  where  the  work  was  two  years  behind,  he 
has  it  brought  down  to  date. 

A  rising  young  man  of  public  affairs  and  at  present  clerk  of  the 
criminal  court,  Abram  J.  Harris,  is  one  of  those  of  foreign  birth,  but 

of  Chicago  training,  who  have  so  truly  absorbed 
-rj  the  best  spirit  of  the  city  and  the  times.     He  was 

born  in  Poland  on  the  15th  of  September,  1867.  at- 
tending the  schools  of  his  native  country  until  he  was  eleven  years  of 


7IO  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

age.  When  he  came  to  Chicago  in  1880,  he  continued  his  education 
in  the  schools  of  this  city,  and  as  a  young  man  engaged  in  the  real 
estate  and  insurance  business.  This  active  hne  of  work  threw  him 
in  contact  with  the  people  of  his  community,  and  a  general  recogni- 
tion of  his  popular  qualities  was  soon  followed  by  an  acknowledg- 
ment of  his  ability  and  powers  of  initiative. 

In  politics  Mr.  Harris  has  always  been  an  unwavering  Republi- 
can, the  official  recognition  of  his  party  dating  from  1897.     In  that 
year  Governor  Tanner  appointed  him  assistant  chief  factory  inspector, 
which  position  he  held  until  1902.     During  that  period,  until  1901, 
he  was  also  a  member  of  the  International  Factory  Inspection  Asso-   • 
ciation,  serving  that  body  for  two  years  as  vice  president  and  for  a 
like  term  as  secretary.     In  1903  Mr.  Harris  was  honored  witli  the 
nomination  for  state  senator,  but  failed  of  election.     In  1904,  hew- 
ever,  he  was  elected  to  represent  his  ward   (the  Ninth)   in  the  city  " 
•council,  and  in  1906  was  chosen  to  his  present  position  by  the^hand-  / 
some  plurality  of  35,000.     In  the  conduct  of  the  affairs  of  his  office 
he  not  only  evinces  his  good  business  training  and  executive  talents, 
but  has  inaugurated  a  civil  service  era,  thoroughly  believing,  as  he 
does,  in  the  justice  as  well  as  good  policy  of  retaining  those  who,  by 
length  of  service  and  efficiency,  are  in  line  for  continuous  promotion. 

Outside  of  business,  politics  and  the  public  service,  Mr.  Harris 
is  recognized  as  a  suggestive  and  forcible  writer,  his  subjects  being 
founded  upon  experience  and  therefore  treated  with  the  more  prac- 
tical value.  Among  other  topics  which  he  has  treated  in  a  manner 
to  attract  most  favorable  comment  are  "The  Evil  of  the  Sweat  vShop, 
and  Its  Remedy,"  and  the  "Abolishment  of  Child  Labor."  His  so- 
cial, fraternal  and  charitable  relations  are  with  the  Wiley  M.  Eagan 
Chapter  No.  126,  A.  M.,  the  A.  F.  and  A.  M.  (Keystone  Lodge), 
B.  P.  O.  E.,  National  Union,  K.  of  P.,  B'nai  B'rith,  I.  O.  B.  A.,  and 
the  Order  of  the  Western  Star,  also  the  Illinois  Athletic  and  Hamil- 
ton clubs.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors  of  the 
Chicago  Orphans'  Home,  and  is  actively  identified  with  the  Associat- 
ed Jewish  Charities  and  various  other  kindred  organizations.  In 
1900  Mr.  Harris  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Sara  S.  Benson, 
of  Indianapolis,  Indiana,  by  whom  he  has  had  three  children — Arnold 
B.,   Ellenore   M.   and  Lillian   Florence.      Thus  his  progressive   and 


t  ijt  vitio     Lk  iL.> « vt^  T 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  711 

promising  career  has  been  rounded  out  in  the  way  most  fitting  to  the 
true  American  citizen,  who,  whatever  his  many  activities,  is  an- 
chored to  wife,  children  and  home. 

Until  five  years  ago  one  of  the  most  successful  criminal  lawyers 
of  Chicago  and  Cook  county  was  Kickham  Scanlan,  and  he  won  his 

reputation  by  several  notable  cases  in  which  he  ap- 

f,  peared  as  counsel  either  for  the  defense  or  prosecu- 

SCANLAN.  ^  ^      .  .  ,     ,  ^^        o         ,  , 

tion.  it  is  said  that  Mr.  Scanlan  on  several  occa- 
sions took  cases  that  seemed  "forlorn  hopes"  and  brought  them  to  ^. 
successful  issue.  His  management  of  evidence,  his  tact  before  a  jury, 
and  unusual  powers  in  pleading  have  often  come  to  notice  in  the 
courts  and  contributed  to  a  deservedly  high  reputation  in  the  Chicago 
bar.  During  the  last  five  years,  however,  he  has  been  engaged  al- 
most exclusively  in  the  trial  of  civil  cases,  acting  as  attorney  for  a 
number  of  large  corporations.  During  the  time  he  was  sought  as 
counsel  in  criminal  cases,  he  was  attorney  in  such  famous  cases  as  the 
two  Cronin  trials,  the  McGarigle  case,  the  Ohio  tally-sheet  frauds 
(in  which  Allen  G.  Thurman  was  associate  counsel),  and  the  Milling- 
ton  poisoning  case  at  Denver. 

Mr.  Scanlan  was  born  in  Chicago  October  23,  1864,  but  the  fam- 
ily having  moved  shortly  after  to  Washington,  D.  C,  he  attended  the 
common  and  high  schools  of  that  city,  and  completed  his  higher  stud- 
ies under  private  tutors  and  at  Notre  Dame  University,  South  Bend, 
Indiana.  In  1882,  then  eighteen  years  of  age,  he  came  to  Chicago 
and  for  three  years  was  in  the  employ  of  William  P.  Rend,  the  well- 
known  coal  operator.  His  law  studies,  begun  in  1886,  in  the  office 
of  Mills  and  Ingham  and  at  the  Chicago  College  of  Law,  were  com- 
pleted by  graduation  from  the  latter  institution,  with  honors,  in  1889. 
He  thus  had  the  advantage  of  thorough  theoretical  instruction  and 
the  association  of  two  of  the  most  eloquent,  versatile  and  successful 
criminal  lawyers  of  the  western  bar.  Almost  at  once  on  his  admis- 
sion to  the  bar  in  1889  he  became  identified  with  practice  that  brought 
him  into  legal  prominence. 

Mr.  Scanlan  married,  in  1890,  Miss  Sadie  Conway,  daughter  of 
Michael  Conway,  late  fire  inspector  of  Chicago.  In  social  and  pri- 
vate life  Mr.  Scanlan  is  cultured  and  companionable,  and  a  man  of 
strength,  breadth  and  sterling  character. 


712  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

A  successful  corporation  lawyer  must  not  only  be  an  alert  and 
broad  member   of  his  profession,   but   a  keen   and   far-seeing  busi- 
ness man.    His  is  pre-eminently  the  domain  of  prac- 
George  W.       ^.^^j  j^^    -^^  which  hard  fact  and  solid  logic,  fertil- 

ity  of  resource  and  vigor  of  professional  treat- 
ment are  usually  relied  upon,  rather  than  ingenious  theory  and  the 
graces  of  oratory.  When  to  these  qualities  are  added  the  graces  of 
orator}'-,  and  the  humor,  geniality  and  unfailing  courtesy  of  a  gen- 
tleman, the  main  traits  have  been  set  forth  of  the  prominent  and 
popular  railroad  lawyer.  George  Washington  Kretzinger,  LL.  D.,  at 
the  head  of  the  law  firm  of  Kretzinger,  Gallagher,  Rooney  and  Rog- 
ers. '  ------- 

As  a  railway  attorney  Mr.  Kretzinger  is  the  general'  counsel  of 
the  Louisville,  New  Albany  &  Chicago'  Railway  Company  and  chief 
counsel  of  the  Chicago,  Indianapolis  &  Louisville  Railway  Com- 
pany; also  one  of  the  chief  attorneys  for  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway 
System.  In  1891  he  incorporated  the  Santa  Fe,  Prescott  &  Phoe- 
nix Railway  Company  of  Arizona.  His  professional  and  social  life 
also  embraces  a  membership  in  the  American  and  Chicago  Bar  As- 
sociations and  the  Hamilton,  Twentieth  Century  and  other  clubs. 
He  is  a  strong  and  valued  Republican,  but  has  never  been  an  aspirant 
for  office  or  public  preferment  of  any  kind. 

The  salient  facts  of  Mr.  Kretzinger's  life  are  that  he  was  born 
in  Plymouth,  Ohio,  on  the  nth  of  August,  1846,  son  of  Isaac  and 
Elizabeth  (Oglesby)  Kretzinger.  Before  he  was  fifteen  years  of 
age  he  commenced  his  service  in  the  Union  army,  and  served  with 
bravery  throughout  the  Rebellion.  Educated  at  the  Otterbein  Uni- 
versity, Ohio,  which  later  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  LL.  D., 
he  came  to  Illinois,  studied  law,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  prac- 
ticed with  Judge  R.  L.  Hannaman  of  Knoxville,  that  state,  thus  con- 
tinuing until  1873.  In  the  year  named  he  came  to  Chicago,  where 
he  made  a  fine  record  as  a  corporation  lawyer. 

On  August  28,  1878,  Mr.  Kretzinger  was  united  in  marriage 
with  Miss  Clara  Wilson,  and  their  son,  George  Wilson  Kretzinger, 
was  born  July  9,  1880.  The  latter  attended  school  at  Vanderbilt 
University,  Nashville,  Tennessee;  the  University  of  Chicago,  from 
which  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in   1901 ;  after- 


> 


riLDE)N  FOUNOAtldNS" 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  713 

ward  attended  Harvard  Colleg-e.  which,  in  June  1904.  conferred 
upon  him  the  degree  of  LL.  I'...  and  in  August  of  that  year  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  Massachusetts  bar.  In  December.  1904.  he  was  ad- 
mitted to  practice  before  the  ilhnois  l)ar.  and  is  now  engaged  in  pro- 
fessional study  and  work  under  the  direction  of  his  father. 

Mr.  Kretzinger's  daughter.  Chira  Josephine,  is  a  younger  child, 
and  a  young  lady  of  marked  artistic  promise.  TJic  Saturday  Even- 
ing Herald,  of  Chicago,  in  a  series  of  articles  on  the  twentieth  annual 
exhibition  of  American  artists  at  the  Art  Institute,  has  this  to  say 
of  one  of  Miss  Kretzinger's  latest  productions :  "In  room  25  there 
is  a  cabinet-sized  interior  figure  subject,  The  Print  Seller,  which  de- 
serves a  somewhat  detailed  notice,  principally  from  the  fact  that  it 
will  afford  to  the  students  of  the  institute  (and  that  from  a  young 
lady  who.  too,  is  still  a  student)  a  valuable  lesson  as  to  the  point  at 
which  the  imitation  of  the  texture  accessories,  or  the  still-life  of  a 
figure  picture,  should  be  arrested.  This  very  mature  and  interesting 
work  is  by  Miss  Clara  Josephine  Kretzinger — interesting  because  it 
was  produced  by  this  gifted  young  artist  after  she  had  received  only 
two  years  of  art  instruction,  a  period  which  is  about  one-fourth  of 
the  average  time  a  student  has  to  subject  himself  or  herself  to  train- 
ing. After  about  five  months  of  tuition  a  picture  of  hers  was  hung 
in  the  Paris  Salon,  and  since  then,  two  more.  The  Print  Seller  is 
not  only  excellently  painted,  but  it  shows  a  mastery  of  composition, 
and  a  feeling  for  subtleties  of  color  and  its  orchestration,  so  to  speak. 
is  admirable — qualities  which  arc  rarely,  if  e\er.  attained  until  some 
years  after  emancipation  from  the  schools."  In  the  spring  of  1908 
two  more  paintings  were  accepted  by  the  Salon,  and  upon  this  she 
received  honorable  mention,  which  is  one  of  the  highest  honors  con- 
ferred l)y  the  Salon. 

One  of  the  most  reliable  and  progressive  of  the  younger  members 
of  the  Chicago  bar,  who  stands  high  in  professional  ability  and  as 

a  man  of  broad  business  and  financial  judgment,  is 

Leonard  A.      j  ^^^^^^^.^1  Asburv  Busbv,  of  the  firm  of  Shope,  Zane, 

Busby  and  Weber,  with  offices  in  the  Chicago  Title 

and  Trust  building.     He  was  born  at  Jewett,  Harrison  county,  Ohio, 

on  the  22nd  of  May,  1869.  son  of  Sheridan  and  Margaret  (Ouigley) 

Busby.      Of  the   parer.ts.  the   lather  was  a   native  of   Maryland,   of 


714  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

straight  English  stock,  and  died  at  Jewett,  Ohio,  in  1884,  at  the  age 
of  sixty-seven  years.  The  mother  was  a  Pennsylvanian  by  birth,  is 
of  Scotch-Irish  descent  and  is  now  a  resident  of  Chicago. 

Mr.  Busby  received  his  primary  education  in  the  pubhc  schools- 
of  Jewett  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  commenced  to  teach  in  the  com- 
mon schools  of  Harrison  county.  After  following  this  occupation 
four  years  he  was  enabled  to  complete  his  education  at  the  Ohio  Wes- 
leyan  University,  Delaware,  from  which,  after  pursuing  a  four- 
years'  course,  he  graduated  in  June,  1894,  standing  at  the  head  of  his 
class  in  scholarship.  Coming  to  Chicago  in  September  of  the  same 
year,  Mr.  Busby  entered  the  law  department  of  the  Northwestern  Uni- 
versity, where,  after  a  year  of  hard  work,  he  obtained  his=^dSgree  of 
LL.  B.  In  June  of  the  year  of  his  graduation  he  was  admitted  jto 
practice  at  the  Illinois  bar,  and  at  once  entered  the  law  office  of  Lyman 
and  Jackson,  then  the  oldest  law  firm  in  the  city,  having  been  organized 
\in  1869. 

By  December,  1898,  Mr.  Busby  had  won  his  way  to  a  partnership 
in  the  firm,  the  style  becoming  Jackson,  Busby  and  Lyman.  David 
B.  Lyman  retired  from  the  old  firm  to  become  president  of  the  Chi- 
cago Title  and  Trust  Company,  and  his  son  was  taken  in  as  a  junior 
member.  After  the  death  of  Huntington  W.  Jackson,  January  3, 
1 90 1,  the  elder  Lyman  returned  to  the  firm  and  its  style  became  Ly- 
man, Busby  and  Lyman,  which  continued  until  December  i,  1906, 
when  the  firm  was  dissolved  by  mutual  consent.  At  that  time  Hon. 
Simeon  P.  Shope,  John  M.  Zane  and  Harry  P.  Weber  (of  the  firm 
of  Shope,  Mathis,  Zane  and  Weber),  and  Mr.  Busby  formed  the  pres- 
ent partnership  of  Shope,  Zane,  Busby  and  Weber. 

Upon  the  death  of  Mr.  Jackson,  Mr.  Busby  was  elected  to  suc- 
ceed him  as  a  life  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  John  Crerar 
Library,  taking  his  place  on  the  board  as  a  member  of  the  Administra- 
tion Committee.  Mr.  Jackson  showed  his  absolute  trust  and  confidence 
in  Mr.  Busby  by  appointing  him  the  sole  executor  and  trustee  of  his 
estate,  amounting  to  half  a  million  dollars,  requesting  that  his  executor 
be  not  required  to  give  bond. 

Mr.  Busby  has  personally  represented  a  number  of  large  interests 
in  important  litigation  during  the  last  few  years,  and  is  now  an  active 
and  successful  practitioner.     He  drafted  the  Act  and  secured  the  pas- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  715 

sage  of  the  law  relating  to  the  establishment  of  free  public  libraries  in 
the  public  parks,  and  represents  the  John  Crerar  Library  in  the  pending 
litigation  over  the  right  to  erect  its  building  in  Grant  Park  on  the  lake 
front. .  As  counsel  for  the  bondholders  he  won  the  famous  Fort  Wayne 
(Indiana)  Street  Railway  suit,  which  involved  the  rescue  of  more 
than  $1,000,000  of  wrongfully  converted  funds.  Mr.  Busby  also  rep- 
resented the  Bank  of  Montreal  in  the  suit  growing  out  of  the  failure 
of  George  H.  Phillips;  the  suit  was  brought  against  the  bank  by  the 
trustee  in  bankruptcy  and  involved  the  right  of  the  bank  to  retain  over 
$300,000  collected  by  the  bank  from  Phillips  immediately  prior  to 
his  insolvency.  The  case  was  tried  before  Judge  Seaman  in  the 
United  States  circuit  court  and  decided  in  favor  of  the  bank. 
In  1906  Mr.  Busby  became  counsel  for  the  receiver  of  the  Calu- 
met Electric  Street  Railway  Company  and  in  1907-08  took  personal 
charge  of  the  work  involved  in  taking  the  Calumet  Company 
out  of  the  hands  of  the  receiver,  organizing  its  successor,  the  Calu- 
met and  South  Chicago  Railway  Company,  and  effecting  the  con- 
solidation and  merger  of  the  South  Chicago  City  Railway  into  the 
former  company.  He  also  represented  the  new  company  before  the 
city  council  of  Chicago  in  its  negotiations  for  a  new  twenty-year 
franchise,  which  was  granted  March  30,  1908,  and  is  now  General 
Counsel  of  the  consolidated  company. 

Mr.  Busby's  practice  has  covered  a  wide  range.  He  has  a  brilHant 
record  as  a  trial  lawyer  and  particularly  in  the  defense  of  personal 
injury  suits,  but  his  constructive  ability,  as  shown  by  the  various  or- 
sranizations  and  reorijanizations  with  which  he  has  been  connected, 
has  won  for  him  a  still  higher  place  in  the  esteem  and  confidence  of 
his  clients. 

Fraternally,  socially  and  professionally  Mr.  Busby  is  widely  con- 
nected, being  a  member  of  the  Phi  Beta  Kappa  society,  the  Phi  Delta 
Theta  fraternity,  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  (of  which  he  was 
treasurer  and  member  of  the  board  of  managers  for  two  years),  the 
Law  Club  and  the  Chicago  Club.  Mr.  Busby  is  a  Democrat  (^t  the 
Cleveland  stamp,  but  he  has  never  taken  an  active  part  in  politics  for 
the  reason  that  his  law  practice  and  business  relations  have  practically 
absorbed  his  entire  time  and  strength  to  the  exclusion  of  everything 
else.     He  is  unmarried,  and  lives  with  his  mother  in  Woodlawn. 


7i6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

In  the  field  of  general  law,  as  also  in  his  specialty  of  patent  law, 
one  of  the  most  eminent  figures  of  the  Chicago  bar  during  the  last 

thirty  years   of  the  nineteenth   century  was    lesse 

ESSE  J  J 

P  Cox,  whose  death  on  September  lo,  1902,  at  the  age 

of  fifty-nine,  was  felt  as  a  distinct  loss  to  the  pro- 
fession. He  had  fairly  earned  his  position  in  the  law,  since  he  had 
been  for  many  years  not  only  an  earnest  student  of  its  general  prin- 
ciples, but  also  for  his  persistent  and  well-rewarded  research  into 
the  details  of  his  specialty.  During  thirty  years  of  practice  in  Chi- 
cago he  was  a  faithful  conserver  of  all  the  interests  confided  to  his 
care  and  fine  judgment,  and  perfected  a  career  that  deserves  a^st- 
ing  place  in  the  history  of  the  bar.  _  >—'^- 

With  the  exception  of  nine  years  from  1878  to  1887  his  pracirce 
was  of  a  general  nature,  but  during  those  nine  years  he  made  a  tine 
reputation  in  the  specialty  of  patent  law,  and  continued  until  his  death 
to  be  an  authority  in  this  branch  of  practice.  Although  he  was  abso- 
lutely devoted  to  the  cause  of  his  client  in  whatever  field  he  worked, 
he  never  forgot  the  ethics  of  his  profession  or  stooped  to  unworthy 
means  to  gain  an  advantage.  By  close  study  and  through  his  famil- 
iarity with  a  wide  range  of  legal  lore,  he  usually  fortified  his  posi- 
tions with  so  many  facts  and  precedents  that  only  the  leading  prac- 
titioners could  successfully  cope  with  him,  and  he  won  more  than  a 
majority  of  the  causes  he  tried. 

In  his  extensive  library  he  had  many  volumes  on  the  subject  of 
political  economy.  Outside  of  the  law,  this  was  his  favorite  study, 
and  it  became  more  than  a  matter  of  casual  interest  with  him.  He 
wrote  and  lectured  on  many  themes  connected  with  the  subject,  and 
his  studies  of  the  problems  of  labor  caused  his  main  interest  in 
politics.  - 

One  of  the  most  important  and  interesting  litigations  in  which 
Mr.  Cox  was  engaged  was  that  of  the  People  ex  rel.  Hugh  Maher 
versus  Erastus  Williams.  Judge  Williams,  an  old  and  respected 
member  of  the  bench,  had  decided  a  suit  against  Hugh  Maher,  who 
claimed  an  eighty-acre  tract  of  valuable  land  near  Riverside,  which 
he  claimed  Charles  B.  Farwell  had  conveyed  to  him  in  payment  of  a 
gambling  debt.  Farwell  claimed  that  the  land  had  been  made  over 
as  part  payment  of  an  election  bet  made  between  him  and  Maher  on 
the  election  of  Lincoln.     After  the  trial  Judge  Williams  refused  to 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK.  COUNTY  717 

sign  a  certificate  of  evidence  to  the  supreme  court  so  that  Maher 
could  take  an  appeal.  The  latter  then  filed  a  petition  in  the  supreme 
court  for  a  writ  of  mandamus  to  compel  Judge  Williams  to  sign  the 
certificate,  and  the  writ  was  granted.  Owing  to  the  prominence  of 
the  parties  and  the  peculiar  nature  of  the  litigation  llie  suit  attracted 
widespread  attention.  1liis  was  the  second  time  in  the  history  of  the 
state  that  a  judge  had  been  ordered  by  the  supreme  court  to  sign  such 
a  document,  and  in  the  other  instance  the  judge  resigned  rather  than 
obev  the  order  of  the  higher  court. 

Before  coming  to  Chicago  Mr.  Cox  had  gained  experience  and 
success  as  a  lawyer  in  Philadelphia.  Born  in  Burlington,  New  Jer- 
se}^,  October  29,  1843,  he  was  reared  in  Philadelphia,  to  which  city 
his  parents  removed  when  he  was  one  year  old.  and  received  his  edu- 
cation in  private  schools  and  under  private  instruction.  In  January, 
1862,  he  commenced  his  professional  studies  in  the  office  of  George 
M.  Wharton,  a  pioneer  lawyer  of  that  city.  After  practicing  for 
seven  years  in  Philadelphia,  he  came  to  Chicago  in  January,  1873. 
In  October,  1869,  Jesse  Cox  married  Miss  Annie  Malcom,  of  Phila- 
delphia, a  daughter  of  Rev.  Howard  Malcom,  who  was  for  many 
years  a  prominent  minister  of  the  Baptist  church,  and  president  of 
the  Georgetown  (Kentucky)  College  and  of  the  University  of  Lewis- 
burg,  Pennsylvania. 

For  about  eight  years  prior  to  his  death  Jesse  Cox  had  as  his  as- 
sociate in  practice  his  son,  Arthur  Malcom  Cox,  who  is  a  prominent 

lawyer  and  now  a  member  of  the  well-known  law 

Arthur   M.      ^  r  r-        i         ci  1  r-  u  1 

„  firm  of  Caniahan,  Slusser  and  Cox.     He  was  born 

Cox 

in  Chicago  June  16,   1873,  the  year  of  his  father's 

removal  to  this  city.     He  attended  the  Brown  and  Marciuette  ward 

schools  and  in   1892  graduated  from  the  West  Division  high  school. 

Soon  afterward   he   commenced   the  study   of   his   profession    in   hi'^ 

father's  office,  passed  an  admission  examination  in  the  appellate  court 

in  1894  and  continued  in  practice  with  the  elder  Cox  until  his  death 

in   1902.     He  continued  his  i)ractice  alone  until  May   1.    \^)'0J,.  when 

he  became  a  member  of  and  added  his  name  to  the  firm  of  Carnahan, 

Slusser,  Hawkes  and  Cox,  the  i)resent   style  being  assumed  on  the 

retirement  of  Benjamin  C.  Hawkes.     .\mong  the  younger  members 

of  the  Chicago  bar  Mr.   Cox  has  already  attained   a  high   standing 

as  a  successful  practitioner  in  the  field  of  chancerw      In  politics  Mr. 


7i8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Cox  is  a  Republican,  is  a  Baptist  in  his  religious  affiliations,  is  a 
Master  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution, 
and  of  the  Union  League,  Hamilton  and  Chicago  Yacht  clubs,  and 
the  Chicago  Bar  Association. 

Ralph  Crews,  a  rising  attorney  in  the  field  of  corporation  law,  is 
the  son  of  Seth  Floyd  and  Helena  Ridgway   (Slocum)    Crews,  his 

father,  still  an  active  practitioner  at  the  local  bar, 
P  standing  for  many  years  in  the  front  rank  of  the 

attorneys  and  citizens  of  Mount  Vernon,  Jefferson 
county,  Illinois.'  In  1876-80  the  latter  served  as  statels^-at^omey, 
during  which  period  no  indictment  which  he  drew  was  ever  quashed. 
At  the  end  of  his  four  years'  term  he  declined  a  re-election.  In  the 
fall  of  1882  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Illinois  legislature,  serv- 
ing the  winter  of  1882-83.  The  elder  Crews  has  always  been  a  stal- 
wart Republican,  and  the  family  for  many  generations  has  been 
steadfastly  attached  to  the  Methodist  faith.  The  family  came  to 
Chicago  in  1883,  since  which  time  he  has  been  engaged  in  many  cases 
which  have  established  his  position  as  a  leading  trial  lawyer.' 

Ralph  Crews  was  born  at  Mount  Vernon,  Jefferson  county,  Illi- 
nois, on  the  29th  of  March,  1876,  and  was  seven  years  of  age  when 
the  family  removed  to  Chicago.  He  received  his  education  in  the 
public  and  high  schools  of  Hyde  Park,  graduating  from  the  latter  in 
the  class  of  1893.  Soon  afterward  he  commenced  to  study  law  under 
the  tutelage  of  his  father,  and  became  a  regular  student  at  the  Chi- 
cago College  of  Law.  Receiving  his  professional  degree  from  that 
institution  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1897,  he  was  admitted  to 
practice  in  June  of  that  year,  and  has  since  continued  as  a  promising 
and  progressive  member  of  the  profession.  His  specialty  is  corpora- 
tion law,  in  which  he  has  already  met  with  creditable  success. 

In  June,  1901,  Mr.  Crews,  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Elizabeth  Stuart  Sherman,  of  Riverside,  Illinois,  which  beautiful 
suburb  is  the  family  home.  They  have  two  daughters,  Mary  A.,  and 
Elizabeth  R.  Mr.  Crews  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  but  has  given 
his  sole  and  faithful  attention  to  the  furtherance  of  his  career  as  a 
lawyer,  and  has  had  neither  time  nor  inclination  to  seek  public  pre- 
ferment. He  is  an  advocate  of  outdoor  sports/  both  as  a  means  of 
health  and  recreation,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Riverside  Golf  Club, 
which  numbers  among  its  supporters  some  of  the  most  prominent 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  719 

families  in  the  place.  Domestic,  sociable,  energetic  and  able,  substan- 
tial progress  and  an  honorable  standing,  both  as  a  lawyer  and  a  citi- 
zen, are  clearly  assured  him. 

Joseph  B.  Langworthy,  who  is  among  the  progressive  members 
of  the  legal  profession  in  Chicago,  is  a  native  of  Geauga  county. 

^         Ohio,  and  was  born  on  a  farm  in  that  section  of 

Joseph  B.         .       ^  ^    ..  o^       xj    •  r  t        1 

T  the  state  January  10,  1862.     He  is  a  son  of  Joseph 

Langworthy.  .  j      i 

and  Sophronia  (Merry)  Langworthy,  and  had  the 

good  fortune  to  spring  from  Scotch-Irish  ancestry — the  good  for- 
tune, because  it  brought  him  an  inheritance  of  Cjuick  perception  bal- 
anced by  sturdy  persistency.  The  father  was  born  in  Massachu- 
setts in  1810,  migrating  in  1846  to  Ohio,  where  he  resided  until  1872. 
when  he  removed  to  Branch  county,  Michigan,  dying  there  in  1882. 
The  mother,  who  was  born  in  Ireland,  was  brought  to  the  United 
States  in  early  childhood  and  her  death  occurred  in  Geauga  county 
in  the  latter  part  of  1864.  They  were  the  parents  of  thirteen  chil- 
dren, of  whom  eleven  are  living.  Of  their  sons,  Henry  and  George 
B.  were  soldiers  in  the  Civil  war  and  continued  their  militarv  serv- 
ice  by  participation  in  the  Indian  campaigns  of  the  west. 

Mr.  Langworthy  received  an  unusually  thorough  education  in 
general  and  literary  branches  before  commencing  his  professional 
studies,  his  original  intention  being  to  enter  the  educational  field. 
The  earlier  steps  of  his  mental  training  were  taken  in  the  public  and 
high  school  of  Angola,  Indiana,  after  which  he  became  a  student  in 
the  Northern  Indiana  Normal  College,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
in  1879.  After  teaching  school  for  some  time  he  entered  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan  as  a  law  student,  and  as  he  had  already  made  consid- 
erable progress  through  his  private  readings  he  obtained  admission 
to  the  bar  and  commenced  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  LaPorte, 
Indiana,  in  1885. 

Mr.  Langworthy  came  to  Chicago  at  the  advice  of  United  States 
District  Judge  John  H.  Baker  of  Goshen.  Indiana,  who  had  taken  a 
deep  interest  in  the  young  attorney.  He  became  a  resident  of  the 
city  in  1890  and  during  the  succeeding  eight  years  was  connected 
with  the  law  firm  of  Moran,  Mayer  and  Myer.  Since  1898  he  has 
conducted  an  independent  practice,  broadly  covering  all  civil  busi- 
ness, and  much  of  his  practice  has  been  in  the  higher  courts,  such  as 
the  ap]icllate  and  state  supreme.     He  is  a  member  of  the  State  Bar 


720  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

i\ssociation  and,  in  politics,  a  Republican.     In  1885  Mr.  Langworthy 

was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Carrie  M.  Caswell,  who  died  in 

1 89 1.     In  1897  he  married,  as  his  second  wife,  Miss  Emily  Atwood, 

who  died  in  1904. 

Ernest  Dale  Owen,  who  has  been  a  practicing  lawyer  in  Chicago 

for  nearly  twenty  years,  is  a  representative  of  the  Owen  family  which 

has  become  famous  in  England    and    the    United 
Ernest  TO 

^  '        States     in    the    fields    of    social     reform,     science 

and  spiritualism.  His  grandfather,- Robert  Owen_, 
is  acl<:nowledged  to  be  the  founder  of  English  socialism^ -whiclb-how- 
eyer,  at  that  time  had  a  different  meaning  from  what  is  known  as 
socialism  today.  He  was  born  in  Wales  in  1771,  and  in  early  man- 
hood was  manager  and  part  owner  of  the  New  Lanark  cotton  mills 
in  England,  introducing  among  his  operatives  various  reforms  look- 
ing to  the  improvement  of  their  domestic  and  social  condition,  among 
which  was  the  first  instance  of  co-operation.  The  history  of  English 
socialism  is  commonly  dated  from  181 7,  when  he  brought  before  a 
committee  of  the  house  of  commons  a  report  on  the  poor  law.  rec- 
ommending the  formation  of  communities,  with  land  as  the  basis  of 
their  support,  each  living  in  a  large  building  with  common  kitchen 
and  dining  room,  the  separate  families,  of  course,  to  have  private 
apartments.  Work,  and  the  enjoyment  of  its  results,  was  to  be  in 
common.  In  1823  he  came  to  the  United  States  and  two  years  after 
founded  a  community  at  New  Harrhony,  Indiana,  in  which  was  tried 
the  practicability  of  some  of  these  principles.  The  experhnent 
failed  in  1827.  He  bought  the  town  of  New  Harmony  from  the 
Rapp  Society.  In  the  following  year  he  severed  his  connection  with 
the  New  Lanark  mills  and  thereafter,  until  his  death  in  1858,  gave 
his  entire  attention  and  fortune  to  the  elevation  of  the  working  peo- 
ple. 

David  Dale  Owen,  one  of  the  sons,  when  he  was  about  sixteen 
vears  of  age,  came  to  the  United  States  with  his  father,  became  a 
famous  geologist,  and  was  especially  connected  with  the  government 
surveys  of  the  northwest.  He  died  at  New  Harmony  in  i860,  being 
an  uncle  of   Ernest  D.   Owen. 

The  father  of  the  latter,  and  another  son  of  Robert,  was  Robert 
Dale  Owen,  best  known  to  Americans  of  all  the  members  of  the 
noted  family.     He  was  a  native  of  Glasgow,  Scotland,  born  Novem- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  721 

ber  9.  1801,  and  during  more  than  half  a  century  was  prominently 
before  the  people  as  a  social  reformer,  politician  and  spiritualist.  In 
1843-47  he  served  as  a  member  of  Congress  from  Indiana,  and  after 
the  war  of  the  Rebellion  broke  out  stood  among  the  foremost  Aboli- 
tionists in  the  country.  Among  his  best-known  literary  works  de- 
voted to  spiritualism  are  "Footfalls  on  the  Boundary  of  Another 
World"  and  "The  Debatable  Land."  He  wrote  "Threading  My 
Way,"  an  autobiography,  and  a  number  of  other  books  and  pamphlets. 
During  the  war  he  wrote  "Wrong  of  Slavery  and  Right  of  Emancipa- 
tion," circulated  by  the  thousands  of  copies  at  the  expense  of  tiie  gov- 
ernment. He  died  near  Lake  George.  New  York,  June  17,  1877. 
Richard  Owen  was  another  uncle  of  Ernest  Dale  Owen,  the  Chicago 
lawyer,  and  was  a  geologist  and  linguist  of  note  and  for  many  years 
professor  at  the  state  university  at  Bloomington,  Indiana. 

Ernest  Dale  Owen  was  born  at  New  Harmony,  Indiana,  the  place 
of  the  Robert  Owen  experiment  in  community  living,  on  the  17th  of 
April,  1850.  He  spent  six  years  of  his  earlier  life  in  Europe,  and 
his  schooling  was  mostly  obtained  abroad  and  at  McMullen's  Acad- 
emy, New  York,  at  which  Theodore  Roosevelt  was  once  a  student. 
In  1 87 1  he  was  admitted  to  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Indiana, 
and  afterward  pursued  his  professional  work  in  Michigan  and  Illi- 
nois, being  admitted  to  the  bar  of  both  states-.  In  1875  ^^^'-  Owen 
located  at  Marquette,  Michigan,  remained  there  for  four  years,  and 
then  returned  to  New  Harmony,  wdiere  he  engaged  in  a  substantial 
practice  until  he  came  to  Chicago  in  December,  1889.  Since  the 
latter  date  he  has  been  known  in  this  city  as  an  attorney  of  broad 
legal  information  engaged  in  the  successful  handling  of  involved  and 
important  litigation.  He  is  a  man  of  thoughtful  disposition  and 
scholarly  tastes  and  a  forceful  and  logical  speaker.  He  confines  his 
club  connections  to  the  Indiana  Society.  He  has  written  somewhat 
for  magazines  and  other  publications  and  is  fond  of  literary  work. 

Daniel  Jay  Schuyler,  an  old  and  prominent  lawyer  of  Chicago, 

is  descended   from  the  Schuylers  of  central   New   York,  who  were 

so  prominent  in  the  early  development  of  that  sec- 

■'■        tion  of  the  Empire  state.     The  first  of  the  name  to 
Schuyler.  ,  .  t^,  •,•      t^-  .  a- 

come   to   this   country   was    Philip    rietersen    \  an 

Schuyler,  who,  more  than  two  centuries  and  a  half  ago,  left  his  na- 
tive Holland  and  settled  on  the  present  site  of  Albany.     \\'hen  the 

Vol.    11—15 


722  ■     CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

place  was  incorporated  as  a  city  in  1686,  a  member  of  the  family 
was  elected  first  mayor,  and,  after  serving  eight  years  in  that  posi- 
tion, successively  became  president  of  the  king's  council  in  New 
York,  acting  governor,  a  member  of  the  New  York  assembly,  and 
commissioner  of  Indian  affairs. 

General  Philip  Schuyler  -was  a  still  more  famous  representative 
of  the  name.  As  a  general  in  the  Revolutionary  field,  a  member  of 
the  Continental  Congress  and  afterward  United  States  senator  from 
New  York,  he  was  truly  one  of  the  fathers  of  the  Republic.  He  is 
especially  identified  with  the  history  of  the  Empire  state  because  of 
his  life-long  advocacy  of  the  development  of  a  system  of  internal  im- 
provements, and  especially  of  the  canals  in  New  York. 

The  branch  of  the  Schuyler  family  from  which  is  descended  Dan- 
iel J.  Schuyler  located  in  New  Jersey  just  before  the  Revolutionary 
war.  Different  members  of  it,  however,  afterward  returned  to  New 
York  and  made  their  home  for  several  generations  in  Montgomery 
county.  At  Florida,  in  this  locality,  Mr.  Schuyler  was  born  on  a 
farm  located  by  his  great-grandfather,  his  parents  being  John  Jacob 
and  Sahy  Ann  (Davis)  Schuyler.  Here  he  commenced  a  vigorous, 
healthful  life,  inherited  from  sturdy,  forceful  ancestors,  on  the  i6th 
of  February,  1839.  His  education  was  begun  in  the  common  schools 
near  his  home,  and  he  early  showed  a  decided  literary  and  oratorical 
bent.  His  academic  studies  at  Princeton  and  Amsterdam  were 
somewhat  interrupted  by  work  upon  the  farm,  but  following  a  course 
of  study  at  Franklin,  Delaware  county,  he  entered  Union  College, 
Schenectady,  for  a  regular  and  continuous  training.  Graduating  from 
the  latter  institution  in  1861,  he  soon  after  commenced  the  study  of 
law,  which,  with  intervals  of  teaching,  occupied  the  succeeding  three 
years.  A  portion  of  this  period  he  spent  in  the  office  of  the  distin- 
guished lawyer,  Francis  Kernan,  of  Utica,  New  York.  In  January, 
1864,  he  was  admitted  to  the  New  York  bar. 

Mr.  Schuyler  wisely  decided  upon  the  west  as  the  most  favorable 
field  for  practice,  and  upon  Chicago  as  its  most  promising  center. 
To  a  comprehensive  knowledge  of  the  law  he  added  those  personal 
traits  of  industry  and  faithfulness  which,  together,  form  a  guarantee 
of  substantial  success.  He  practiced  alone  until  1872,  when  he  en- 
tered into  partnership  with  George  Gardner,  the  firm  continuing  un- 
til 1879,  when  the  latter  was  elected  a  judge  of  the  superior  court. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  723 

He  afterward  became  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Schuyler  and 
Kremer,  devoting  himself  chiefly  to  court  work  as  a  general  practi- 
tioner, while  the  junior  partner  made  a  specialty  of  admiralty  law. 
He  is  now  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Schuyler,  Jamieson  and  Et- 
telson,  and  has  devoted  himself  largely  to  commercial,  corporation 
and  fire-insurance  law.  Especially  in  the  field  last  named  are  his 
opinions  regarded  as  authority. 

On  September  5,  1865,  Mr.  Schuyler  was  united  in  marriage  with 
Miss  Mary  J.  Byford,  second  daughter  of  the  late  William  II.  By- 
ford,  long  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  eminent  of  Chicago  physi- 
cians. Two  children  have  been  born  to  their  union,  Daniel  J.,  Jr., 
and  Edith  Nolan  Schuyler.  In  1897  Mr.  Schuyler  organized  the 
Holland  Society  of  Chicago,  the  members  of  which  are  composed 
of  the  descendants  of  old  Dutch  families  residing  in  this  city.  As  a 
stanch  Republican,  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  Hamilton  Club,  and, 
as  a  good  citizen,  has  always  been  active  in  elevating  public  move- 
ments.    His  religious  faith  is  that  of  Congregationalism. 

Hon.  James  Herbert  Wilkerson,  member  of  the  firm  of  Tenney, 
Coffeen,  Harding  and  Wilkerson,  is  not  only  a  leading  lawyer  of 

Chicago,  but  among  the  most  prominent  Republi- 

,/,.  -  ■        cans  of  this  section.     He  is  a  native  of  Savannah, 

Wilkerson.      ^-.  .   ,  .         .1      r  t^         1  o^     u 

Missouri,  born  on  the  nth  of  December,  1809,  be- 
ing a  son  of  John  W.  and  Lydia  (Austin)  Wilkerson.  He  is  a  grad- 
uate of  DePauw  UniNcrsity,  Greencastle,  Indiana,  in  which  he  made 
a  brilliant  record  and  in  1889  obtained  the  degree  of  A.  B.  It  was 
during  the  senior  year  that  he  so  successfully  represented  Indiana  in 
the  interstate  oratorical  contest.  After  leaving  college  he  was  ap- 
pointed principal  of  the  high  school  at  Hastings,  Nebraska,  serving 
in  that  capacity  for  about  a  year,  and  in  1891  becoming  an  instructor 
at  DePauw  University. 

In  1893,  after  Mr.  Wilkerson  had  been  identified  with  the  faculty 
of  his  alma  mater  for  some  two  years,  he  came  to  Chicago  to  con- 
tinue the  study  of  the  law  and  enter  into  its  practice.  In  the  year 
named  he  was  admitted  to  practice  at  the  bar  of  Illinois,  first  asso- 
ciating himself  with  Myron  li.  Beach.  In  1894  he  became  connected 
with  Tenney,  McConnell  and  Coffeen,  and  in  1900  was  received  into 
partnership  by  the  members  then  composing  the  firm,  thereby  mak- 
ing the  style  Tenney,  Coffeen,  Harding  and  Wilkerson. 


724  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Wilkerson  has  been  earnestly  concerned  in  Republican  poli- 
tics and  the  public  affairs  of  the  state  for  many  years,  and  in  1902 
was  elected  to  the  Illinois  legislature  for  the  thirteenth  district.  He 
conducted  the  fight  for  a  state  civil  service  law,  and  introduced  and- 
secured  the  passage  of  the  constitutional  amendment  for  a  new  Chi- 
cago charter.  In  1903  he  was  appointed  county  attorney  for  Cook 
county,  and  in  that  capacity  conducted  much  important  litigation,  es- 
pecially that  which  involved  the  taxation  of  the  capital  stock  -oj^  [Cor- 
porations. At  the  conclusion  of  his  term  he  entered  private  practice, 
and  since  assuming  his  duties  under  United  States  District  Attorney 
Sims  has  conducted  a  number  of  cases  in  behalf  of  the  government. 
In  the  world-famous  Rockefeller  cases  upon  which  the  United  States 
department  of  justice  concentrated  its  best  available  talent  in  this 
district,  Mr.  Wilkerson  abundantly  proved  his  stability  and  resource- 
fulness as  a  lawyer. 

On  the  2ist  of  August,  1891,  Mr.  Wilkerson  was  united  in  mar- 
riage with  Miss  Mary  Roth,  and  they  reside  at  No.  6648  Minerva 
avenue.  As  to  club  circles  he  is  identified  with  the  Law,  Hamilton 
and  Woodlawn  Park  organizations. 

William  H.  Sexton  is  a  leading  Chicago  lawyer  of  the  younger 

generation,  born  in  this  city  March  22,  1875,  the  son  of  Austin  O. 

and  Mary  I.   (Lyons)   Sexton,  both  of  whom  were 

^  '     natives  of  Chicago.     His  father  was  a  well-known 

Sexton.         ,  ...  .  . 

lawyer  engaged  m  active  practice  until  his  death 

January  9th,    1908. 

Since  the  fall  of  1906  William  H.  Sexton  has  been  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Tolman,  Redfield  and  Sexton,  the  senior  partner  of  which 
is  Major  Edgar  Bronson  Tolman.  This  firm  is  one  of  the  strongest 
which  has  been  formed  in  recent  years,  its  business  being  largely  de- 
voted to  litigation  concerning  corporations  and  municipal  matters. 

William  H.  Sexton  is  a  Chicagoan  from  first  to  last.  His  men- 
tal character  was  molded  in  its  public  schools  and  the  Lake  View 
high  school,  his  graduation  from  that  institution  occurring  in  1893. 
He  had  already  studied  law  to  some  extent  under  his  father's  guid- 
ance, which  he  continued  after  he  became  a  student  at  the  Chicago 
College  of  Law,  of  which  the  late  Judge  Thomas  A.  Moran  was  dean. 
He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1895,  and  thereafter,  until  May  i, 
1897,  was   associated  with  his  father  in  the  practice  of  his  profes- 


m^m  yjRARY 


^ASTOR,  LENOX  AN© 


cX.aZ<]M^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  725 

sion.  At  that  time  Mr.  Sexton  was  ai)p()inte(l  assistant  corporation 
counsel  by  Mayor  Carter  H.  Harrison  11.,  and  served  as  such,  with 
invariable  faithfulness,  ability  and  professional  credit,  under  Charles 
S.  Thornton,  Charles  M.  \\'alker,  now  judge  of  the  circuit  court, 
Edgar  Bronson  Tolman  and  James  Hamilton  Lewis.  He  was  ap- 
pointed first  assistant  corporation  counsel  by  Mr.  Walker  and  con- 
tinued in  ^liat  position  under  Major  Tolman  and  James  Hamilton 
Lewis.  The  official  relationship  between  him  and  Major  Tolman 
brought  them  into  such  close  contact  that  the  elder  lawyer  formed 
a  high  opinion  of  his  associate  both  as  an  attorney  and  a  man.  In 
November,  1906,  therefore,  Mr.  Sexton  resigned  his  position,  and, 
with  Robert  Redfield,  formerly  attorney  for  the  board  of  local  im- 
provements of  the  city  of  Chicago,  entered  into  partnership  with 
Major  Tolman  in  a  harmonious  and  mutually  advantageous  associa- 
tion, which  is  rapidly  spelling  a  noticeable  success  even  among  the 
strong  law  firms  for  which  Chicago  is  noted. 

In  October,  1898,  William  H.  Sexton  was  united  in  marriage 
with  Miss  Alice  M.  Lynch,  daugther  of  Andrew  M.  and  Mary  Lynch, 
and  they  are  the  parents  of  one  child,  Andrew  Lynch  Sexton,  now  six 
years  of  age.  The  pleasant  family  home  is  at  2527  Kenmore  avenue, 
Edgewater. 

Mr.  Sexton  has  always  been  an  active  Democrat,  and  consequent- 
ly is  a  stanch  member  of  the  Iroquois  Club,  of  which  he  is  now  vice 
president.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Law  Club,  the  Chicago  Asso- 
ciation of  Commerce  and  of  several  fraternal  societies.  As  a  lawyer 
he  is  thorough  and  practical,  well  versed  in  the  law  and,  what  is  of 
equal  importance,  is  a  good  judge  of  human  nature.  In  his  domes- 
tic and  social  relation,  he  is  kind  and  companionable,  and  his  attrac- 
tive qualities  as  a  rnan.  added  to  his  substantial  traits  as  a  lawyer,  are 
a  guarantee  of  continued  popularity  and  advancement. 

Hon.  William  Ernest  Mason  has  been  a  prominent  practitioner 
at  the  Chicago  bar  for  thirty-five  years,  and  during  a  large  portion 

of  that  period  has  been  a  leading  figure  in  public 

William  E.      ,.,     ,      .  ,   .  1     •  1  ^ 

life,  having  served  for  manv  vears  as  a  legislator 
Mason.  •    ,     ,   ,         ,         r  ,  ',  '  •  , 

in  both  branches  of  the  state  legislature  and  the  na- 
tional Congress.  His  public  service  has  been  of  great  practical  value 
to  his  constituents,  and  although  an  enthusiastic  Republican,  his 
fearless  independence,  both  of  speech  and  jiolitical  action,  has  some- 


726  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

times  brought  him  into  conflict  with  certain  leaders  of  his  party, 
.while  decidedly  raising  him  in  public  estimation.  Personally  he  is 
a  liberal-minded,  whole-souled  and  popular  man,  his  geniality  of 
manner  adding  a  special  charm  to  a  clear  mind  and  a  broad  legal 
and  statesmanlike  ability. 

Born  in  Franklinville,  Cattaraugus  county,  New  York,  on  the 
7th  of  July,  1850,  William  E.  Mason  early  evinced  those  manly,  iri- 
dependent  and  popular  qualities  which,  coupled  with  his  natural  abil- 
ity and  acquired  talents,  earned  him  so  substantial  a  reputatioti  in 
later  years.  His  father,  Lewis  J.  Mason,  was  a  merchant  of  the 
town,  a  man  of  high  character  and  an  active  abolitionist.  He  early 
identified  himself  with  the  Republican  party,  was  an  ardent  supporter 
of  John  C.  Fremont  for  the  presidency,  and  his  attitude  on  the  ques- 
tions of  the  day  had  much  to  do  with  forming  the  general  political 
character  of  the  son,  although  the  latter,  at  the  age  of  fifteen,  vir- 
tually became  his  own  master. 

When  William  E.  Mason  was  a  boy  of  eight  the  family  removed 
from  Franklinville,  New  York,  to  Bentonsport,  Iowa,  where  they 
remained  until  1865,  and  he  received  an  academic  education.  After 
the  latter  year  he  was  thrown  virtually  upon  his  own  resources,  re- 
ceiving further  educational  privileges  from  the  public  schools  and 
from  the  Birmingham  College,  where  he  pursued  a  two-years'  course. 
His  education  was  so  far  advanced,  however,  that,  while  continuing 
his  studies  he  taught  school  at  intervals  from  1866  to  1870,  during 
the  last  two  years  being  located  at  Des  Moines,  Iowa.  His  law  stud- 
ies also  overlapped  his  career  as  a  teacher,  and  he  finally  entered  into 
the  field  systematically  by  placing  himself  under  the  tutelage  of 
Thomas  J.  Withrow,  an  eminent  corporation  lawyer,  who  was  soon 
after  made  general  solicitor  of  the  Chicago,  Rock  Island  &  Pacific 
Railroad  Company,  with  headquarters  in  Chicago. 

Upon  the  removal  of  Mr.  Withrow  to  Chicago,  Mr.  Mason  ac- 
companied him  in  order  to  have  the  benefit  of  his  instruction  and 
advice  in  the  prosecution  of  his  law  studies,  and  this  was  his  intro- 
duction to  the  city  which  he  has  since  made  his  home.  After  an- 
other year  with  Mr.  Withrow,  he  entered  the  office  of  John  No 
Jewett,  long  in  the  fore  rank  of  Chicago  lawyers,  with  whom  he 
remained  for  several  years. 

Mr.   Mason  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in   1872,   practicing  alone 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTV  727 

until  1877,  when  he  formed  a  partnership  with  M.  R.  M.  Wallace,  in 
which  connection  he  attracted  such  general  attention  by  his  abilities 
that  he  obtained  an  assured  position  among  the  best  of  his- fellow 
practitioners.  Soon,  also,  he  came  into  political  prominence,  com- 
mencing his  public  career  in  1879  ^Y  1^'s  first  service  in  the  Illinois 
General  Assembly.  Afterward  he  became  senior  member  of  the  firm 
of  Mason,  Ennis  and  Bates,  and  since  1898  has  been  in  partnership 
with  his  son,  Lewis  F.  Mason,  under  the  firm  name  of  Mason  and 
Mason. 

As  stated,  Mr.  Mason's  public  career  began  in  1879,  when  he  was 
elected  to  the  Illinois  general  assembly,  where  his  record  was  of 
such  a  character  as  to  earn  him  an  elevation  to  the  state  senate  in 
1 88 1.  He  served  in  the  upper  house  of  the  legislature  for  four  years. 
In  1887  he  was  chosen  to  Congress  as  a  representative  of  the  third 
district,  being  one  of  the  three  successful  Republicans  returned  from 
Cook  county.  In  this  capacity  he  was  noted  as  one  of  the  most  serv- 
iceable members  of  Congress — ready  and  logical  in  debate  and  yet 
alive  to  all  the  practical  demands  of  his  district  and  industrious  in 
pushing  forward  all  needful  legislation.  His  first  term  expired  in 
1889,  and  his  record  was  indorsed  by  re-election.  In  the  interim  be- 
tween his  service  as  a  congressman  and  a  United  States  senator,  Mr. 
Mason  was  deeply  interested  in  the  affairs  of  the  World's  Colum- 
bian Exposition,  and  had  much  to  do  with  its  location  at  Chicago 
and  its  final  inauguration.  For  several  months  prior  to  its  opening 
the  public  was  considerably  agitated  over  the  Sunday  question.  Sev- 
eral cases  were  brought  in  the  United  States  court  of  The  People 
versus  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  to  restrain  the  manage- 
ment from  keeping  open  on  Sunday.  A  temporary  injunction  was 
granted  and  the  matter  went  to  the  United  States  court  of  appeals, 
which  sat  in  Chicago  in  June,  and,  with  Chief  Justice  Fuller  presid- 
ing, dissolved  the  injunction. 

In  the  meantime  other  cases  were  progressing  in  the  lower  courts. 
In  May  an  action  had  been  brought  by  one  Clingman  against  the 
exposition  to  restrain  the  defendants  from  closing  the  gates  on  Sun- 
day. Through  Mr.  Mason,  his  attorney,  he  brought  the  action  both 
in  the  capacity  of  a  stockholder  of  the  exposition  company  and  a 
tax  payer  of  the  city  of  Chicago.  On  the  29th  of  May  the  case  came 
before  Judge  Stein  of  the  superior  court,  Edwin  Walker  representing 


728  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

the  defendants.  Judge  Stein  granted  the  injunction  on  the  conten- 
tion advanced  by  Mr.  Mason  that  Jackson  Park  had  been  dedicated 
by  an  act  of  the  legislature  (1869)  to  be  held,  managed  and 
enjoyed  as  a  public  park,  for  the  recreation  and  the  health  of  the 
public,  and  "to  be  open  to  all  persons  forever."  He  held  that  this 
condition  had  not  been  invalidated  by  any  of  'the  legislation  in  refer- 
ence to  the  exposition  and,  indeed,  that  it  was  beyond  the  power  of— ^'" 
the  legislature  to  dispense  with  it.  Afterward,  finding  that  the  Suri- 
day  attendance  did  not  make  the  opening  profitable,  the  expoSitioiL— --' 
managers  voted  to  close  and  were  individually  fined  by  Judge  Stein 
for  contempt  of  court,  and,  on  appeal  to  the  superior  court,  the  in- 
junction was  sustained.  The  Fair  was  kept  open  thereafter  on  Sun- 
days. 

William  E.  Mason  served  as  United  States  senator  from  1897 
to  1903;  was  a  delegate  to  the  national  Republican  convention  in 
1904,  and  was  on  the  ticket  for  presidential  elector.  His  record  as 
a  national  figure  is  of  such  recent  date  that  a  detailed  review  of  it 
would  be  superfluous.  It  is  sufficient  to  remember  that  while  he  lost 
some  ground  with  some  of  his  party,  he  made  many  friends  by  an 
earnest,  straightforward  expression  of  his  opinions,  irrespective  of 
his  political  future.  He  has  since  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession,  which  carries  him  almost  entirely  into  the  higher 
courts. 

On  June  nth,  1873,  Mr.  Mason  married  Miss  Edith  Julia  White, 
daughter  of  George  White,  of  Des  Moines,  Iowa.  He  had  met  his 
wife  while  he  was  teaching  in  that  city  and  married  her  the  year 
after  his  admission  to  the  bar  at  Chicago.  Of  their  large  family  of 
children  Lewis  F.  Mason,  as  stated,  is  in  partnership  vvith  his  father. 
William  E.  Mason  is  a  leading  and  popular  member  of  the  Hamilton, 
Marquette  and  Menoken  clubs.  The  family  residence  has  for  many 
years  been  on  Washington  boulevard,  near  Garfield  Park,  where 
his  cultured  home  and  bright  children  have  been  the  centers  of  much 
social  enjoyment  and  intellectual  improvement. 

When  Clyde  A.  Morrison  became  chief  assistant  city  attorney  of 
Chicago  the  substantial  qualities  of  one  of  the  younger  members  of 

^  .  the  lee:al   fraternity  were  fittingly  recognized.      It 

Clyde  A.  ,^,         ,,  -r    ,■         t  i       ,, 

,,  was  but  another  verification  of  the  statement  re- 

MORRISON.  ,.  ,        .  ^^    .  ,    ^,  .  •  ii    • 

gardmg  the  important  affairs  01  Chicago  m  all  its 


THENCWYCRK 

I'UBLIC  UBRARY 


ASTOR.  L*- 
riLDF-;  r.-; 


:s 


-irwij^^^^^^^'-t-^cz-' 


tjjil^^^^^^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUX'r\'  729 

varied  life  as  a  city — tliat  there  is  no  great  municipality  in  the  world 
in  which  so  many  young  men  are  guiding  its  machinery  and  its  poli- 
cies. Mr.  Morrison  is  also  master  in  chancery  t\)r  the  superior  court 
of  Cook  county,  having  been  appointed  February  2,  1907,  by  Judge 
Ben  M.  Smith. 

A  native  of  Illinois  and  resident  in  Chicago  since  he  was  an  in- 
fant, Mr.  Morrison  was  born  in  Peotone,  March  12,  1876,  recei\-ing 
his  elementary  and  literary  education  in  the  grammar  and  high 
schools  of  his  adopted  city.  Later  he  pursued  higher  courses  at  the 
University  of  Virginia  (Charlottesville)  and  returning  to  Chicago 
was  employed  in  the  legal  departments  of  the  Chicago  &  Eastern 
Illinois  Railroad  and  the  Lake  Shore  &  Michigan  Southern  Rail- 
way Company.  As  a  legal  practitioner  he  was  subsequently  a  mem- 
ber of  the  firms  of  Pam,  Calh(3un  and  Glennon ;  \\'etton  and  Morri- 
son'; Eddy,  Haley  and  Wetton ;  and  associated  with  Calhoun,  Ly- 
ford  and  Sheean,  and  afterward  engaged  in  independent  profes- 
sional work. 

For  a  number  of  years  Mr.  Morrison  has  l)een  acti\ely  and  in- 
fluentially  engaged  in  politics,  being  among  the  best-known  Repub- 
licans of  the  younger  generation.  He  was  secretary  of  the  Charles 
C.  Dawes  campaign  committee,  when  that  gentleman  was  a  candi- 
date for  LJnited  States  senator,  and  subsequently  served  in  the  same 
capacity  during  the  gubernatorial  campaign  of  Governor  Deneen.  In 
the  last  national  election  he  was  associated  with  the  Republican  com- 
mittee at  the  Auditorium,  under  the  direct  supervision  of  National 
Committeeman  David  W.  Mulvane.  He  was  secretary  of  the  Busse 
campaign  committee,  and  is  vice  president  of  the  Illinois  League  of 
Republican  Clubs.  He  is  also  a  leader  in  the  local  politics  of  Hyde 
Park,  being  the  owner  and  publisher  of  the  Hyde  Park  Republican, 
and  the  editor-in-chief  of  the  Hamiltoniaii,  the  latter  being  the  offi- 
cial publication  of  the  Hamilton  Club,  Chicago.  Mr.  Morrison  is 
a  member  of  the  Hamilton.  Press,  City,  Colonial  and  \\'aupanseh 
clubs. 

There  are  some  men  who  always  seem  to  "have  time"  to  attend 

to  good  works,  whether  of  a  private  or  public  nature.     Mr.  Ailing  is 

pre-eminently  one  of  this  class,  and,  fortunately  for 

the  advancement  of  the  best  interests  of  Chicago. 

Alling,  Jr.        ,  ,     ,  , ,     ,    ,  ,  r 

does  not  stand  alone.     He  belongs  to  the  group  of 


730  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

able  citizens  whose  civic  interest  is  equal  to  their  business  enterprise, 
and  who  are  devoting  every  energy  possible  to  the  perfection  of  our 
municipal  laws  and  the  improvement  of  the  public  service.  A  man  of 
broad  education  and  fine,  sympathetic  nature,  as  well  as  of  strength 
and  bravery,  he  is  admirably  fitted  to  be  identified  with  the  progres- 
sive guard  of  such  a  city  as  Chicago. 

Charles  Ailing,  Jr.,  was  born  at  Madison,  Indiana,  on  the  13th  of 
December,  1865,  and  is  descended  in  the  tenth  generation  from 
Roger  Ailing,  first  treasurer  of  the  New  Haven  Colony  of-tfee-Pil- 
grims,  who  emigrated  from  England  in  1638.  A  grandson  of  the 
emigrant  removed  from  New  Haven  to  Newark,  New  Jersey,  at  the 
end.  of  that  century,  a;nd  his  descendants  became  officers  in  the  Revo- 
lutionary war.  John  Ailing,  the  grandfather,  graduated  from  Prince- 
ton College,  and  migrated  from  Newark  to  Madison,  Indiana,  about 
the  year  1826.  The  mother  of  Mr.  Ailing  was  Harriet  Ann  Scovel, 
a  "daughter  of  Rev.  Sylvester  Scovel,  D.  D.,  who  was  president  of 
Hanover  Cohege,  Indiana,  from  1846  to  1849;  o^  this  institution 
Charles  Ailing,  his  father,  has  been  a  trustee  for  twenty  years.  Com- 
ing thus  from  a  vigorous  and  educated  line  of  ancestors^  in  whom 
earnestness,  faithfulness  and  the  highest  order  of  intelligence  were 
predominating  traits,  Charles  Ailing,  Jr.,  has  a  natural  inheritance 
of  stanch  and  useful  qualities. 

Charles  Ailing,  Jr.,  graduated  from  Hanover  College  in  1885 
with  the  degree  of  A.  B.,  the  same  institution,  four  years  later,  honor- 
ing him  with  A.  M.  In  1888  he  completed  his  law  course  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Michigan,  securing  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  Soon  afterward 
he  came  to  Chicago  and  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar,  and  has  since 
been  actively  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  here  and  in  the 
manifold  duties  of  good  citizenship.  For  ten  years  of  his  earlier 
practice  he  acted  as  the  attorney  for  the  Protective  Agency  for  Women 
and  Children,  and  afterwards  became  also  attorney  for  the  Bureau 
of  Justice,  and  his  joint  attorneyship  led  to  the  consolidation  of  these 
two  effective  legal  charities  into  the  Legal  Aid  Society.  His  personal 
law  business  grew  so  fast  after  his  retirement  from  aldermanic  duties 
that  he  relinquished  the  attorneyship  of  the  society  in  the  fall  of  1905, 
but  he  still  shows  a  warm  interest  in  its  good  work  by  serving  with- 
out compensation  as  chairman  of  its  legal  committee..  He  suggested 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  731 

and  was  largely  instrumental  in  securing  our  excellent  statute,  "To 
define  and  punish  crimes  against  children." 

In  politics  Mr.  Ailing  has  been  a  leading  Republican  for  many 
years.  In  1897  he  was  elected  to  represent  the  Third  ward,  which 
afterwards  became  the  Second  ward,  and  continued  in  the  city  council 
for  eight  years,  where  he  was  a  member  of  its  most  important  commit- 
tees. He  served  on  the  judiciary  committee  from  1897  to  1905,  and 
was  a  member  of  the  finance  committee  from  1899  to  1900.  He  was 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  streets  and  alleys  (south)  from 
1900-01 ;  and  one  of  the  two  aldermen  who  participated  in  the  New 
Charter  Convention  in  1902-3.  This  latter  appointment  was  virtually 
a  formal  declaration  on  the  part  of  the  city  council  that  Mr.  Ailing 
was  its  pioneer  on  charter  reform.  He  established  and  was  first  chair- 
man of  the  committee  on  state  legislation,  which  secured  the  munici- 
pal courts  and  the  extension  of  the  mayor's  term  from  two  to  four 
years  in   1905. 

In  1906  Mr.  Ailing  made  the  race  at  the  primary  election  for 
the  ofiice  of  county  judge  of  Cook  county,  and,  while  he  received 
the  popular  plurality  of  the  county  at  large,  the  dominant  faction 
controlled  the  delegates  of  the  convention  and  gave  the  nomination 
to  Judge  Lewis  Rinaker.  Mr.  Ailing  refused  strong  solicitation  to 
become  an  independent  candidate  and  earnestly  supported  all  the 
nominees  of  the  convention. 

He  has  taken  much  interest  in  the  military  organizations  of  the 
state,  and  at  the  present  time  is  judge  advocate  of  the  First  Division, 
Illinois  National  Guard,  with  the  rank  of  lieutenant  colonel,  his  com- 
mission being  dated  May  6,  1902.  He  is  a  popular  and  prominent 
figure  in  Masonry,  affiliated  v/ith  the  Chevalier  Bayard  Commandery, 
Knights  Templar  and  the  Mystic  Shrine;  he  is  also  a  Knight  of 
Pythias.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Union  League  and  University 
clubs  and  the  Chicago  and  Illinois  Bar  associations. 

Colonel  Ailing  has  retained  his  close  and  leading  position  with 
his  old  college  fraternity,  having  been  grand  tribune  of  Sigma  Chi 
from  1888  to  1900  and  editor  of  the  Sigma  Chi  Quarterly  from  t888 
to  1895.  He  was  elected  to  its  highest  office,  grand  consul,  at  Old 
Point  Comfort,  Virginia,  on  August  2,  1907.  For  many  years  he 
has  been  deacon  of  the  First  Presbyterian  church  and  is  now  a  mem- 
ber of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Cook  County  Sunday  School 


732  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Association  and  the  Young  Men's  Presbyterian  Union.  He  is  widely 
known  for  his  speeches  in  this  and  other  states  advocating  the  teach- 
ing of  practical  duties  of  citizenship  in  churches  and  schools. 

In  1906  Mr.  Ailing  became  proprietor  of  the  Chicago  Business 
Law  School,  which  has  had  a  decade  of  useful  history.  The  demands 
of  his  clients  both  for  office  consultation  and  court  work  became  so 
insistent  that  he  parted  with,  his  financial  interest  in  the  school,  but 
still  finds  time  to  lecture  once  a  week  in  the  evening.  His  practice  is 
general,  which,  with  a  love  of  legal  study,  makes  him  one  of  the  most 
widely  read  lawyers  at  the  bar. 

In  August,  1907,  Governor  Deneen  appointed  him  attorney  fofr 
the  State  Board  of  Health.  _ 

George  Peck  Merrick,  for  several  years  a  partner  of  Hon.  El- 
bridge  Hanecy,  is  known  as  a  general  and  corporation  lawyer  of  high 

standing,  who  has  come  most  prominently  before 

the  public  because  of  his  leading  participation  in 
Merrick.         ,     i  ,     ^         ,-  ■      ■         tt    •         t,i-     • 

the  Lake  t  ront  litigation.     He  is  an  illmoisan,  born 

October  4,  1862,  the  son  of  Dr.  George  C.  and  Mary  (Peck)  Mer- 
rick. He  received  his  first  professional  training  in  the  office  of  Judge 
Hanecy.  having  graduated  from  the  Northwestern  University  in 
1884. 

In  May,  1886,  Mr.  Merrick  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  and 
in  the  following  November  secured  a  position  with  the  Atchison,  To- 
peka  &  Santa  Fe  Railroad  Company  as  assistant  attorney,  with  head- 
quarters in  Chicago.  He  continued  to  perform  his  duties  until  1889, 
when  he  assumed  partnership  relations  with  Mr.  Hanecy,  which  were 
severed  by  the  election  of  the  latter  as  circuit  judge  in  1893.  Subse- 
Cjuently  Mr.  Merrick  practiced  alone,  then  as  senior  of  the  firm  of 
Merrick,  Evans  and  Whitney.  Personally  he  has  been  identified 
with  many  important  cases,  notably  those  of  the  Lake  Front,  in  which 
he  secured  the  decisions  of  the  supreme  court  establishing  the  Lake 
Front  as  a  park. 

Mr.  Merrick  is  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  Association,  the 
Illinois  Bar  Association,  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  Chicago 
Law  Institute  and  the  Chicago  Law  Qub.  He  is  especially  promi- 
nent in  the  social  and  public  affairs  of  Evanston,  which  is  his  place 
of  residence.  Mr.  Merrick  has  served  as  alderman  and  civil  service 
commissioner  of  that  classic  suburban  city  and  as  president  of  the 


CIUCAGO    AND    COOK    COUXTV  jt^t, 

Alumni  Association  of  Nortliwestern  University,  and  at  the  present 
time  is  a  trustee  of  liis  alma  mater  and  president  of  the  Evanston 
board  of  education.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Sigma  Chi  fraternity  and 
of  the  University,  Chicago.  K\anston  and  dlen  X'icw  clul)s.  In  his 
social  and  athletic  habits  tic  brings  his  school  days  int(^  the  strenuous 
life  of  today,  both  for  the  lo\-e  of  former  associations  and  the  mainte- 
nance of  his  collegiate  vigor  of  body  and  mind. 

Mr.  Merrick's  professional  and  public  activities  find  repose  in  the 
midst  of  a  harmonious  domestic  circle,  the  center  of  which  is  a  cul- 
tured wife  (nee  Grace  Thompson,  of  Galesburg.  Illinois),  whom  he 
married  in  1885.  ^^^^  children  of  the  family  are  Clinton,  Grace  W. 
and  Thompson. 

John  Edward  Owens  is  a  popular  and  able  lawyer  and  a  leatling 
Democrat,  who,  since  his  adniission  to  the  bar  eleven  years  ago,  has 

been  almost  continuously  before  the  public  either  in 

-'  ■  municipal  or  judicial  positions  of  responsibility.    He 

is  a  native  of  Chicago,  born  June  22,  1875,  ^^'^^^  '^  the 

son  of  Patrick  Henry  and  Mary   (Clarke)   Owens.     The  father  was 

born  in  Illinois. 

John  E.  Owens  received  a  thorough  education  at  St.  Stephen's 
Parochial  School,  St.  Patrick's  Academy,  and  the  Christian  Brothers' 
School  before  taking  up  his  professional  studies  in  the  law  depart- 
ment of  the  Lake  Forest  University.  From  the  last  named  institu- 
tion he  was  graduated  in  1896  with  the  degree  LL.  B..  and  in  the  fol- 
lowing year  commenced  active  practice.  Prior  to  his  admission  to 
the  university  he  had  read  law  in  the  office  of  his  brother,  Thomas 
H.  Owens,  who  died  April  12,  1905. 

The  first  tw^o  years  of  his  private  practice  brought  Mr.  Owens' 
strong  points  as  a  lawyer  so  favorably  before  the  city  administration 
that  in  February,  1898,  he  received  the  appointment  of  assistant' prose- 
cuting attorney,  and  in  1900  he  was  advanced  to  the  position  of  chief 
assistant.  He  creditably  filled  the  office  of  city  attorney  from  Sep- 
tember, 1901,  until  April,  1903:.  and  tlien  after  a'few  months  of  private 
professional  work  he  assumed  his  present  post  of  judicial  responsi- 
bility. On  December  i,  1904.  Judge  Edward  O.  Brown,  of  the  circuit 
court,  appointed  Mr.  Owens  master  in  chancery,  and  he  was  again 
promptly  honored  with  the  position  in  December,  1906. 

In  politics  Mr.  Owens  is  a  stanch  Democrat,  and  a  leading  mem- 


734  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ber  of  the  Iroquois  and  Jefferson  clubs.  He  is  also  identified  with  the 
Ashland  Club,  and  fraternally  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus  and  the 
Order  of  Foresters.  His  professional  membership  is  with  the  Chicago 
and  Illinois  Bar  associations,  in  both  of  which  organizations  he  is  a 
leading  member.  In  fact,  in  professional,  public  and  Catholic  church 
circles,  as  well  as  in  general  social  and  club  life,  Mr.  Owens  wields 
a  wide  and  strong  influence. 

One  of  the  most  genial,  cultured  and  forceful  members^of  the  Chi- 
cago bar,  Frederick  Wilmot  Pringle  has  for  a  number  of"  years  been 

engaged  in  a  large,  lucrative  and  growing  practice, 

Frederick  ,       .  ^.  i      ..  ^  j  •  •     i 

,,,    „  embracmg  corporation,   real  estate    and  municipal 

W.  Pringle.     ,  ^.^,        ^         ,     ,       ,  .....      .i^  , 

law.     Of  late  years  he  has  been  especially  identified 

with  the  official  life  and  general  progress  of  the  town  of  Cicero,  which 

includes  the  flourishing  western  suburbs  of  Austin,  Oak  Park,  Berwyn, 

Clyde,  Hawthorne  and  Morton  Park.     Mr.  Pringle's  residence  is  in 

Oak  Park,  where  his  pleasant  home  is  the  center  of  much  social  and 

intellectual  activity. 

Frederick  W.  Pringle  is  a  native  of  Ontario,  Canada,  born  at 
Napanee  on  the  17th  of  June.  1864,  the  son  of  Ira  and  Eliza  J. 
(Lapum)  Pringle.  His  parents  were  also  born  in  the  Dominion, 
where  they  continue  to  reside.  The  father,  who  is  now  retired  from 
active  business,  was  a  farmer  and  a  manufacturer. 

Mr.  Pringle  attended  the  public  schools  of  Napanee  and  the 
Napanee  Collegiate  Institute.  Through  his  connection  with  the  rail- 
road business  he  became  interested  in  the  study  of  the  law,  first  seri- 
ously pursuing  it  at  Topeka,  Kansas,  while  in  the  employ  of  the  Atchi- 
son, Topeka  &  Santa  Fe  Company.  From  1886  to  1888  he  was  a 
student  in  the  office  of  Hon.  George  R.  Peck,  then  general  solicitor 
of  that  road,  after  which  he  attended  the  Columbia  Law  School,  New 
York, "  completing  a  full  course  in  that  institution.  For  two  years 
after  his  graduation  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  railway  service,  do- 
ing a  large  amount  of  work  for  the  Trans-Missouri  and  Western 
Passenger  associations.     " 

In  1889  M^-  Pringle  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Missouri,  and  m 
the  following  year,  upon  motion,  to  the  bars  of  Kansas  and  Illinois. 
In  January,  1891,  he  commenced  his  practice  in  Chicago  by  associat- 
ing himself  with  the  firm  of  Hanecy  and  Merrick  and  later  with  that 
of  Miller  and  Starr.     In  December,  1892,  he  became  connected  with 


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'WSWr»n««>IU«Mi»«<iui"""i '  -  I  I  mil"! 


CHICAGO    AND.  COOK    COUNTY  735 

Cohrs,  Green  and  Campbell,  in  1896  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Green,  Pringle  and  Campbell,  and  in  1897  of  Green  and  Pringle,  the 
senior  member  of  the  last  named  being  John  W.  Green,  formerly 
corporation  counsel  of  Chicago.  Since  the  death  of  Air.  Green  in 
1905  Mr.   Pringle  has  successfully  practiced  alone. 

In  May,  1896,  Mr.  Pringle  was  appointed  attorney  for  the  town 
of  Cicero,  and  during  the  year  completed  the  work,  begun  in  1895,  of 
compiling  and  revising  its  general  ordinances.  At  the  end  of  his  two 
years'  term,  owing  to  his  familiarity  with  the  legal  business  of  the 
town,  he  was  retained  as  special  counsel  in  nearly  all  its  important 
litigation,  and  in  May,  1898,  was  reappointed  town  attorney.  Since 
May,  1902,  he  has  acted  as  attorney  for  the  village  of  Oak  Park, 
having  promptly  and  ably  conducted  the  affairs  of  his  office  since  the 
incorporation  of  the  village.  He  is  generally  recognized  as  high  au- 
thority on  town  and  municipal  law,  and  is  now  president  of  the  Mu- 
nicipal Attorneys'  Association  for  the  counties  of  Cook,  Lake  and 
DuPage.  In  a  wider  sense  he  is  one  of  the  successful  and  progressive 
lawyers  of  the  Chicago  and  western  bar. 

Among  the  many  cases  which  Mr.  Pringle  has  carried  to  a  suc- 
cessful conclusion  and  which  are  especially  worthy  of  mention  are 
the  following :  The  Cicero  Lumber  Company  vs.  the  Town  of  Cicero 
(51  N.  E.  Rep.,  758)  ;  Gray  vs.  the  Town  of  Cicero,  decided  by  the 
supreme  court  in  December,  1898.  The  Lumber  Company  case  is  of 
extreme  importance  not  only  to  all  cities  and  \illages  and  incorporated 
towns  in  the  state  but  also  to  the  park  boards  in  Chicago  and  other 
large  cities.  The  opinion  holds  to  be  constitutional  the  pleasure-drive- 
way acts  of  1898,  under  which  cities,  villages  and  towns  may  establish 
boulevards  by  converting  old  streets  into  pleasure  drives,  and  restrict- 
ing their  use  to  such  purposes.  This  was  the  first  time  the  constitu- 
tionality of  the  act  had  been  presented  and  decided  by  the  supreme 
court,  and  the  principle  thus  established  applies  to  the  various  park 
boards  as  well  as  to  civic  corporations.  Among  other  cases  which 
have  enlisted  Mr.  Pringle's  senices  in  the  supreme  court  are :  Town 
of  Cicero  vs.  McCarthy  (172  111.,  279)  ;  Doremus  vs.  the  People  (173 
111.,  63)  ;  Gross  vs.  the  People  (173  III.,  63). 

In  politics  Mr.  Pringle  is  a  Republican,  and  is  active  in  the  work 
of  the  Hamilton  club.  He  is  also  a  leader  in  the  Colonial  Club  of 
Oak  Park,  of  which  he  was  president  in  1903  and  1905.    As  a  mem- 


jZ^i  CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 

ber  of  the  legal  fraternity  he  is  connected  with  the  Illinois  and  Chi- 
cago Bar  associations,  is  a  Mason  in  good  standing,  and  altogether  an 
active  factor  in  social,  club  and  fraternal  life. 

In  i8qo  Frederick  W:  Pringle  was  united  in  marriaee  to  Miss 
Grace  D.  Hale,  of  Topeka,  Kansas,  his  wife  being  a  daughter  of 
George  D.  Hale,  who  for  many  years  was  one  of  the  leading  men  of 
the  state  capital.  Mr.  Hale  was  especially  interested  in  the  historical  „ 
and  fraternal  organization.  Society  of  the  Sons  of  the  Americah  Revo- 
lution, being  at  one  time  president  of  the  Kansas  associatian.  His 
death  occurred  October  30,  1903.  Mrs.  Pringle's  mother,  FralT^es 
(Cook)  Hale,  is  a  native  of  Mcmsfield,  Ohio,  and  is  now  a  resident  of 
Chicago.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pringle  have  been  born  the  following: 
Everett  Hale,  Wilfrid  Ira,  Alden  Frederick  and  Henry  L.  B.  Pringle. 
Mr.  Pringle  has  always  taken  a  deep  interest  in  religious  matters,  be- 
ing especially  identified  with  the  work  of  the  Second  Congregational 
church,  of  Oak  Park,  of  which  he  served  for  some  years  as  trustee. 
The  family  home  is  the  center  of  an  intellectual  and  cultured  social 
circle,  and  Mr.  Pringle's  large  and  choice  private  library  is  the  well- 
spring  of  much  domestic  and  neighborhood  enjoyment.  Such  home 
surroundings  and  influences  are  largely  responsible  for  that  broad 
outlook  and  mental  vigor  which  Mr.  Pringle  evinces  in  his  professional 
labors,  and  which  have  lifted  him  so  far  above  the  plane  of  the  average 
metropolitan  practitioner. 

Commercial  law  is  so  great  a  legal  field  that  the.  practitioners  of 
the  large  cities  of  America  have  been  obliged  to  divide  it  into  several 

specialties.     One  of  the  most  important  of  these  is 
p  patent,    copyright    and    trademark    law,    which    in 

these  days  of  abundant  invention,  authorship  and 
commercial  piracy,  has  itself  assumed  huge  proportions.  To  make  a 
success  in  this  legal  domain  requires  untiring  patience,  keen  business 
judgment  and  a  broad  knowledge  of  mechanics,  commercialism  and 
the  practical  affairs  of  men  and  women.  It  is,  in  fact,  doubtful 
whether  any  branch  of  the  law  which  has  been  specialized  demands  so 
wide  a  range  of  practical  knowledge  as  this.  To  have  acquired  emi- 
nence in  it,  as  has  Mr.  Poole,  is  therefore  high  tribute  to  precise  and 
thorough  practical  wisdom,  coupled  with  good  judgment  in  apply- 
ing it. 

Charles  Clarence   Poole,   senior  member  of  the  firm   Poole  and 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  737 

Brown,  was  born  in  Benicia,  California.  November  27,  1856,  and  is  a 
son  of  Charles  H.  and  Mary  A.  (Daniels)  Poole.  His  father  was  a 
native  of  Salem,  Massachusetts,  who  was  born  in  1825  and  died  in 
Washington,  District  of  Columbia,  in  the  year  1880.  Educated  at 
West  Point  as  a  civil  engineer,  his  entire  life  was  passed  in  the  service 
of  the  United  States  government.  Charles  H.  Poole  was  a  grandson 
of  Manasseh  Cutler,  a  chaplain  in  the  colonial  army  during  the  Revo- 
lution, a  member  of  the  commission  which  founded  ]\Iarietta.  Ohio, 
and  a  leading  agent  in  the  passage  of  the  Ordinance  of  1787,  receiv- 
ing the  honor  of  incorporating  the  anti-slavery  provision.  In  later 
life  he  was  a  member  of  Congress  from  Massachusetts,  and  died  at 
Hamilton,  that  state,  in  1823. 

Ip  a  direct  line  Mr.  Poole  is  descended  from  John  Poole,  of  Read- 
ing, Massachusetts,  who  came  to  the  colonies  from  England  in  1632. 
Among  his  distinguished  ancestors  were  also  the  early  colonial  Gov- 
ernors Dudley  and  Bradstreet,  of  the  Old  Bay  state.  As  the  father's 
profession  kept  the  family  much  in  Washington,  Mr.  Poole  received 
his  preliminary  education  in  the  public  schools  of  that  city,  and,  under 
private  instruction,  completed  a  course  in  civil  engineering,  so  that 
when  he  was  eighteen  years  old  he  secured  employment  in  connection 
with  surveys  under  the  war  department.  He  was  thus  engaged  in 
1874  and  1875,  and  relied  upon  the  profession  as  a  means  of  liveli- 
hood, more  or  less,  while  engaged  in  the  study  of  law,  both  privately 
and  as  a  student  of  the  Columbian  (now  George  Washington)  Uni- 
versity. Mr.  Poole  graduated  from  that  institution  in  1882,  having 
to  his  credit  a  prize  essay  on  "Trade  Marks."  That  year  marks  his 
admission  to  the  bar,  his  coming  to  Chicago,  and  the  commencement 
of  his  long  active  practice  in  the  specialty  in  which  he  has  become  a 
leader.  He  is  now  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  successful  patent 
lawyers  in  the  country. 

In  1885  Mr.  Poole  formed  a  partnership  with  Major  Taylor  E. 
Brown,  under  the  firm  name  of  Poole  and  Brown,  and  their  associa- 
tion has  since  continued  to  their  mutual  advantage.  In  1891  the 
senior  member  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  United  States 
supreme  court,  in  which  tribunal  much  of  their  litigation  is  conducted. 
Mr.  Poole's  standing  in  his  specialty  is  indicated  by  his  recent  presi- 
dency of  the  Chicago  Patent  Law  Association. 

In  1884  C.  Clarence  Poole  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Anne. 

Vol.   11—16 


738  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

daughter  of  the  late  Dr.  Wilham  F.  Poole,  author  of  Poole's  Index 
to  Periodical  Literature,  and  librarian  of  the  Chicago  Public  and 
Newberry  libraries,  and  Mrs.  Frances  (Gleason)  Poole.  Mrs.  Poole 
is  a  Massachusetts  lady,  born  at  Melrose,  and  is  widely  known  and 
admired  in  Evanston  society.  Their  family  consists  of  Frances, 
Charles  H.,  Clarence  Frederick  and  Dorothy.  Outside  his  home  and 
his  immediate  circle  of  friends,  Mr.  Poole's  social  connections  are 
chiefly  with  the  Union  League,  Illinois  Athletic  and  Chicago  Literary 

clubs.  ^"^>. 

James  Edgar  Brown  is  not  only  a  man  of  high  social  staging 
and  literary  attainments  but  a  lawyer  of- sound  judgment  and -breadth 

of  view.  Mr.  Brown  was  born  in  West  Virginia  in 
*^„  ■         1865,  and  made  such  rapid  progress  in  his  studies 

that  he  was  a  teacher  in  the  public  schools  when 
only  a  youth  of  seventeen.  Thus  engaged  from  1882  to  1885,  he 
commenced  his  collegiate  education  in  the  latter  year  by  entering  the 
State  University  for  a  four  years'  course.  During  this  period  his  lit- 
erary talents  were  recognized  by  the  bestowal  of  a  number  of  prizes 
for  the  superiority  of  his  work  along  these  lines,  and  in  his  senior 
year  he  served  as  a,  university  tutor  and  captain  of  a  company  in  the 
cadet  corps.  He  was,  in  fact,  what  students  are  pleased  to  admiringly 
call  a  typical  "all-around  university  man." 

After  his  graduation  from  the  University  Law  School  in  1891, 
and  a  year  spent  in  travel,  he  located  in  Chicago,  where  he  has  since 
practiced  with  much  success  and  honor  to  himself  and  his  profession. 
He  has  also  gained  standing  by  his  contributions  to  current  literature, 
and  becom.e  well  known  as  a  man  of  originality  and  force  in  political 
and  public  affairs.  In  other  words,  he  has  continued  his  collegiate 
record  as  a  citizen  of  striking  and  versatile  abilities  and  influential  ac- 
tivities. He  is  a  most  active  member  of  the  Hamilton  Club,  and  is 
an  associate  editor  of  The  Hamiltonian,  its  official  organ.  He  is  also 
identified  with  the  Colonial  Club,  the  new  Illinois  Athletic  Club, 
Knights  of  Pythias,  Odd  Fellows,  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution, 
Society  of  the  War  of  1812,  the  Y.  M.  C.  A.  and  regent  of  Garden 
City  Council,  Royal  Arcanum.  His  professional  membership  is  with 
the  Cook  County  Bar  Association  and  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Asso- 
ciation, and  he  has  a  most  extensive  acquaintance  and  a  well  estab- 


JAMES  E.  BROWN 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  739 

lished  reputation  for  integrity,  ability  and  good  fellowship  wherever 
he  is  known. 

In  June,  1906,  Mr.  Brown  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Ade- 
laide Coolbaugh,  one  of  the  two  surviving  daughters  by  his  second 
marriage  of  the  Hon.  William  F.  Coolbaugh,  a  famous  banker  of  the 
last  generation.  For  years  she  had  been  living  abroad  with  her  mother 
and  sister,  devoting  herself  to  the  study  of  languages,  history,  archae- 
ology and  kindred  subjects.  Her  elder  half-sisters,  recently  deceased, 
had  both  been  the  wives  of  distinguished  Illinois  lawyers — Chief  Jus- 
tice Fuller,  of  the  United  States  supreme  court,  and  the  late  Benjamin 
F.  Marsh,  member  of  Congress. 

The  marriage  occurred  in  Rome  and  immediately  afterward  the 
bridal  couple  made  a  comprehensive  tour  of  the  continent.  Their 
journey  included  fully  fifty  places  of  historic  and  scenic  interest. 
From  Italy  they  proceeded  through  Switzerland  to  Paris,  thence  to 
Brussels  and  Waterloo,  and  finally  from  Cologne  down  the  Rhine, 
and  so  on  through  Germany  to  their  point  of  embarkation  at  Bremen. 
Having  a  fluent  command  of  French,  German,  Italian  and  Russian, 
aside  from  personal  reasons  Mrs.  Brown  was  able  to  add  to  the  in- 
trinsic interest  of  the  tour  by  her  facility  of  extracting  information 
from  all  classes  in  whatever  locality  they  chanced  to  be.  Local  pub- 
lications of  standing  were  enriched  with  several  contributions  from 
Mr.  Brown's  pen  soon  after  his  return  from  Europe.  The  Chicago 
Tribune  published  a  highly  instructive  article  on  the  relative  prevalence 
of  crime  in  European  and  American  cities.     As  the  data  was  collected 

r 

from  official  sources,  the  paper  caused  widespread  discussion,  the 
conclusion  being  not  at  all  flattering  to  the  national  pride.  The  follies 
of  our  customs  service  were  treated  plainly  and  instructively  in  a  paper 
published  in  the  Evening  Post,  while  several  articles  of  a  descriptive 
nature  evinced  close  powers  of  observation  and  an  unusual  command 
of  language.  His  descriptions  of  the  trip  down  the  Rhine,  'The 
Eternal  City,"  "Italian  Customs,"  "Switzerland,"  and  of  the  great 
Stadium  at  Rome  appeared  in  The  Hainiltonian  and  other  publica- 
tions and  were  in  his  best  vein. 

William  F.  Coolbaugh,  the  lather  of  Mrs.  Brown,  had  one  of  the 
many-sided  careers  possible  in  the  early  days  of  the  middle  west,  was 
one  of  the  great  bankers  of  Chicago  and  one  of  those  heroes  who 
dragged  the  city  from  the  ruins  of  its  great  fire  ami  made  a  stronger 


740  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  more  cosmopolitan  municipality.  He  was  one  of  a  large  family 
of  sons  born  to  Moses  Coolbaugh,  a  Pennsylvania  judge  of  Dutch 
extraction.  At  the  age  of  twenty  William  F.  came  to  Burlington, 
Iowa,  then  a  frontier  town,  and  became  a  factor  in  the  new  settle- 
ment. He  kept  a  general  store,  dealt  in  real  estate,  and  developed  into 
a  banker  and  a  politician.  He  became  president  of  the  Burlington  & 
Missouri  Railroad  and  state  senator,  but  was  beaten  in  his  fSce  for  the 
United  States  senate  by  James  Harland,  afterward  justicje^  of  the 
United  States  supreme  court.  This  defeat,  even  by  such  a  worthy 
opponent,  seemed  to  cure  him  of  all  political  ambition,  for  he  never 
entered  another  contest,  although  the  friend  and  adviser  of  many 
leading  statesmen,  and  refused  the  cabinet  portfolio  oiTered  him  by 
President  Grant.  Instead  he  devoted  himself  steadfastly  to  his  bank- 
ing interests,  and  in  1862  removed  to  Chicago,  for  which  city  he  pre- 
dicted a  great  future ;  and  under  the  sorest  stress  of  panic  and  fire  his 
faith  in  it  never  wavered. 

When  the  national  banking  act  was  passed  Mr.  Coolbaugh's  pri- 
vate bank  became  the  Union  National,  and  for  years  stood  as  perhaps 
the  leading  institution  of  its  kind  in  the  west,  eager  to  push  forward 
in  every  legitimate  way  the  development  of  the  city  and  the  country. 
Mr.  Coolbaugh  was  an  organizer  and  afterward  president  of  the 
Chicago  Clearing  House,  whose  founding  was  a  notice  to  the  financial 
world  that  the  city  considered  herself  cosmopolitan  as  well  as  metro- 
politan. He  had  always  been  an  ardent  student  of  finance,  and  his 
handiwork  in  this  regard  shows  in  both  the  constitutions  of  Illinois 
and  Iowa.  But  his  reading  was  not  confined  to  this  specialty,  but  he 
collected  a  large  general  library,  and  the  marginal  notes  upon  his 
books  show  how_  carefully  he  read  them.  He  was  also  widely  known 
as  a  graceful  speaker,  and  the  older  generation  still  remember  his 
eloquent  addresses  of  welcome  to  distinguished  visitors  and  at  the 
dedicatory  exercises  of  public  institutions. 

The  Chicago  fire  of  1871  brought  Mr.  Coolbaugh  to  the  front  as 
a  leader  of  the  men  who  strove  for  the  rebuilding  of  the  ruined  city, 
and  his  house  on  the  edge  of  the  burnt  district  was  the  nightly  meet- 
ing place  for  the  informal  junta  that  took  command  of  the  homeless 
and  distracted  people.  He  used  his  wide  acquaintance  to  obtain  sup- 
plies and  money  and  urged  General  Sheridan,  in  defiance  of  the  state 
government,  to  bring  in  the  necessary  troops  for  the  protection  of 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  741 

life  and  property.  When  he  called  a  meeting  of  bankers  and  urged 
them  to  resume  business  one  naturally  advanced  the  objection,  "But 
we  have  nothing  upon  which  to  resume."  Mr.  Coolbaugh's  reply 
should  be  classic  of  Chicago  spirit,  "Then,  gentlemen,  we  must  resume 
upon  nothing."  A  block  of  buildings  had  been  finished  for  him  and 
the  keys  turned  o\'er  on  Saturday,  and  on  Sunday  all  was  burned  to 
the  ground,  with  his  own  bank.  At  the  end  of  the  week  he  sent  for 
the  architect  and  told  him  to  redraw  the  plans  and  commence  rebuild- 
ing as  soon  as  the  ruins  were  cold.  The  architect  thought  the  owner's 
brain  was  affected  by  his  losses,  but  obeyed  his  orders;  the  buildings- 
were  reconstructed,  and  the  Union  Bank  moved  into  the  corner  one 
before  the  roof  was  on,  at  the  expense  of  a  bad  wetting  of  its  ingrain 
carpet  by  a  passing  storm. 

The  after  years  saw  Mr.  Coolbaugh  at  the  height  of  his  influence, 
but  a  greater  disaster  than  the  great  fire  was  at  hand.  The  Union 
National  long  withstood  the  assaults  of  the  terrible  panic  of  1873, 
but  was  finally  forced  to  suspend  by  the  crash  of  its  eastern  corre- 
spondents. It  resumed,  but  its  prestige  was  fatally  impaired,  and  its 
president  never  recovered  from  the  blow.  For  years  he  had  over- 
worked himself,  and  now  rest  and  travel  were  in  vain.  He  made  ex- 
tensive tours  in  the  west  and  accompanied  his  lifelong  friend.  Gen- 
eral Grant,  upon  a  portion  of  his  historic  trip  around  the  world.  But 
his  health  and  energy  were  both  broken,  and  his  tragic  death  followed 
his  return. 

Although  still  a  young  man,  Nathan  William  MacChesney,  senior 
member  of  the  law  firm  of  MacChesney,   Becker  and  Bradley,   has 

made   a    substantial    professional    record,    and    has 
Nathan       .      g^^jj-^^ed  a  marked  breadth  and  versatility  in  busi- 

MacChESNEY.  ...  ^  ,     .  11-  n:    •  IT 

ness,  m  literature  and  n\  public  affairs.  He  was 
born  in  Chicago,  June  2,  1878,  a  son  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  Alfred 
Brunson  MacChesney  (A.  M.,  M.  D.),  of  Ohio,  and  Henrietta  (Mil- 
som)  MacChesney,  M.  D.,  of  London,  England.  His  first  American 
ancestors  came  from  Scotland  in  the  colonial  period,  settling  in  Vir- 
einia,  and  his  s^randfather,  for  whom  he  was  named,  was  a  lieutenant 
in  the  War  of  1812  and  afterward  became  an  Illinois  pioneer  and  one 
of  the  founders  of  Knox  College.  The  father,  Alfred  B.  MacChesney. 
received  his  education  at  that  institution  and  at  the  University  of 
Michigan,   and,   after  studying  medicine  in  the  east,   was  identified 


742  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

with  Bellevue  Hospital  Medical  College  and  several  medical  schools  of 
Chicago.  His  wife  (the  mother  of  Colonel  MacChesney)  was  the 
daughter  of  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  Oxford  University,  England, 
a  regular  graduate  in  medicine  and  connected  with  various  hospitals 
in  both  New  York  and  Chicago,  although  never  engaged  in  active 
practice.  ^  ^  , 

Nathan  William  MacChesney  attended  grammar  'and  high  schools 
in  Chicago  and  in  1898  graduated  from  the  Univefsity=of  the  Pacific. 
He  then  entered  the  University  of  Arizona,  from  which  he  graduated 
in  1899  (having  spent  a  portion  of  the  period  as  an  instructor),  and 
had  also  for  the  two  previous  years  acted  as  press  correspondent  in 
California,  Arizona  and  New  Mexico.  After  graduating  from  the 
University  of  Arizona  he  pursued  special  studies  at  Leland  Stanford 
University,  University  of  California,  University  of  Denver  and  the 
University  of  Chicago,  and  commenced  his  professional  studies  at 
the  Northwestern  University  Law  School  in  1899,  soon  afterward  be- 
coming a  lecturer  on  American  constitutional  history  for  Chautauqua 
circles  in  California,  Arizona  and  Minnesota.  In  the  meantime  he 
had  become  associated  with  his  father  in  business,  continuing  to  be 
thus  connected  during  the  progress  of  his  law  studies  at  the  North- 
western University  and  the  University  of  Michigan,  where  he  gradu- 
ated with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1902.  He  has  been  admitted  to  the 
bars  of  Illinois,  Michigan  and  New  York,  as  well  as  the  United  States 
supreme  court,  and  is  in  partnership  with  Herbert  E.  Bradley,  also  a 
young  and  talented  member  of  the  profession,  and  Frederick  W. 
Becker,  continuing  the  firm  of  Carter  and  Becker  established  in  1858. 
In  1903  Colonel  MacChesney  pursued  post-graduate  studies  in  the 
Northwestern  University  Law  School,  and  there  are  few  lawyers  in 
Chicago  whose  education  and  experience  have  been  more  thorough, 
broader  or  more  varied  than  his. 

The  firm  of  which  Colonel  MacChesney  is  the  senior  member 
stands  high  in  business,  real  estate  and  corporation  matters,  and  has 
the  legal  management  of  many  large  interests.  He  is  secretary  and 
director  of  the  Building  Managers'  Association  of  Chicago;  secretary 
and  director  of  the  Excelsior  Printing  Company;  secretary  and  di- 
rector of  the  Hilton  Lithographing  Company;  director  of  the  E.  C. 
Frady  Manufacturing  Company;  Owners'  Realization  Company; 
treasurer  of  the  Northwestern  University  Law  Publishing  Associa- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  743 

tion;  attorney  for  the  Chicago  Real  Estate  Board,  and  general  counsel 
for  the  National  Association  of  Real  Estate  Exchanges.  In  1905-7 
he  was  a  partner  in  the  firm  of  Holt,  MacChesney  and  Cheney,  dealers 
in  real  estate  and  bonds,  and  owners  and  agents  of  the  Manhattan 
building,  and  he  still  has  large  property  interests  in  Chicago,  includ- 
ing extensive  holdings  in  MacChesney's  Hyde  Park  Homestead  Sub- 
division, MacChesney's  Subdivision  and  MacChesney's  Columbian  Ex- 
position Subdivision.  He  was  made  an  honorary  member  of  the 
Building  Managers'  Association  in  appreciation  of  his  large  services 
to  the  property  interests  of  the  city. 

Even  before  he  became  of  voting  age  Colonel  MacChesney  was  an. 
earnest  and  active  Republican  of  the  progressive  Roosevelt  type.  He 
has  been  especially  interested  in  the  labor  question,  and  during  the 
past  few  years  has  served  on  a  score  of  arbitration  committees,  be- 
ing also  a  frequent  contributor  to  newspapers  and  magazines  on  mat- 
ters connected  with  the  problem.  He  has  spoken  under  the  direction 
of  the  national  Republican  campaign  committee  in  Illinois  and  Michi- 
gan, as  well  as  in  the  southwestern  states,  and  is  an  active  member  of 
the  local  organizations,  being  at  the  present  time  a  committeeman  in 
his  ward  and  chairman  of  the  Seventh  District  Republican  Club.  In 
1900  he  participated  actively  and  effectively  in  the  gubernatorial  cam- 
paign for  Judge  Carter,  organizing  the  Law  and  Medical  Students' 
clubs,  and  in  the  mayoralty  contest  of  1905  he  made  over  one  hun- 
dred speeches  for  Harlan,  and  has  been  similarly  energetic  and  promi- 
nent in  behalf  of  other  candidates  for  city  and  state  offices.  He  holds 
no  public  office,  though  he  has  declined  numerous  appointments.  In 
the  field  of  professional  education  he  is  well  known  as  a  lecturer  in 
several  of  the  law  schools  and  a  writer  on  legal  and  other  subjects 
connected  with  property  and  corporation  management.  He  is  also 
the  donor  of  the  MacChesney  prizes  at  the  Northwestern  University 
Law  School,  and  was  one  of  the  founders  and  is  now  an  associate 
editor  of  the  Illinois  Lazv  Review.  He  was  the  delegate  of  Pacific 
University  to  the  recent  ceremonies  attending  the  opening  of  the 
Graduate  School  of  the  University  of  Illinois.  Colonel  MacChesney 
takes  an  active  interest  in  church  and  settlement  work  and  other 
philanthropic  and  religious  movements  of  the  city.  He  is  a  director 
of  the  Young  Men's  Presbyterian  Union  of  Chicago,  a  trustee  and 
vice  president  of  South  End  Center,  a  social  and  educational  settle- 


744  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ment  in  South  Chicago,  and  was  chairman  of  the  constitutional  com- 
mittee in  the  convention  which  recently  formed  the  Presbyterian 
Brotherhood  of  Chicago. 

Colonel  MacChesney  is  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  Associa- 
tion, Illinois  State  Bar  Association,  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  Chi- 
cago Law  Institute  and  the  American  Society  of  International  Law, 
and  his  high  standing  among  his  associates  is  illustrated  by  the  fact 
that  he  was  chosen  a  delegate  to  the  Universal  Congress  of  Lawyers 
and  Jurists  at  St.  Louis  in  1904,  and  has  recently  been  appointed  by 
Governor  Deneen  Commissioner  on  Uniformity  of  Legislation  in  the 
United  States  to  represent  Illinois  in  the  Annual  National  Conference 
of  Commissioners  on  Uniform  State  Laws.  He  has  long  been  promi- 
nent in  military  matters,  being  identified  with  the  National  Guard  of 
both  California  and  Arizona,  as  well  as  of  Illinois.  During  the 
Spanish-American  war  he  did  garrison  duty  on  the  Pacific  coast,  and 
is  now  lieutenant  colonel  and  judge  advocate  of  the  First  Brigade,  Illi- 
nois National  Guard.  He  is  also  commander  of  the  State  Camp  of 
the  Sons  of  Veterans  (U.  S.  A.).  Colonel  MacChesney  has  also  been 
greatly  interested  in  and  prominently  identified  with  athletics  as  a 
member  and  manager  of  various  college  teams  during  his  student  days 
and  as  a  member  of  various  boards  of  alumni  control  since  then. 

He  is  identified  with  Chicago  Association  of  Commerce,  where  he 
represents  the  attorneys'  section  on  the  Ways  and  Means  Committee, 
Geographic  Society  of  Chicago,  Stanford  Club  of  Chicago,  Michigan 
Alumni  Association,  California  Society,  Southern  Club,  Michigan 
Union,  American  Association  for  the  Advancement  of  Science,  Men's 
Club  of  Hyde  Park,  Irish  Fellowship  Club,  Engineers'  Club,  Knox 
County  Association  of  Chicago,  and  the  University,  Union  League, 
Hamilton,  Illinois,  City,  Colonial,  Chicago  Literary,  Twentieth  Cen- 
tury, Chicago  Yacht  and  South  Shore  Country  clubs.  In  the  fraternal 
ranks  he  is  a  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Royal  Arcanum.  On  De- 
cember I,  1904,  Colonel  MacChesney  married  Miss  Lena  Frost, 
daughter  of  W.  E.  Frost,  of  Riverside,  Illinois.  Mrs.  MacChesney  is 
a  graduate  of  the  University  of  Michigan  (received  her  A.  B.  in  1901 ) , 
and  was  afterward  a  student  in  the  University  of  Berlin  and  the 
University  of  Chicago.  She  is  a  rnember  of  the  Association  of  Col- 
lege Alumnae,  Chicago  Association  of  Michigan  Alumnse,  and  the 
German,  Twentieth  Century,  College  and  Chicago  South  Side  clubs. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  745 

Ellen  Gertrude  Roberts  has  since  1900  been  a  practitioner  of  law 
at  the  Chicago  bar  and  her  success  is  such  as  many  a  much  older 

^  ^         attorney  might  well  envy.  One  of  the  most  notable 

Ellen   G.         •  r  ^1     .•  •    i-     .•        r  .1  1     r 

„  signs  of  the  tunes,  nuhcative  ot  the  trend  of  modern 

Roberts.  ,        ,       .      ,       '    .     , 

thought,   IS  the  attitude  of  public  opinion  toward 

the  woman  in  professional  life,  and  the  acknowledgment  of  her 
worth  and  the  value  of  her  work.  Miss  Ellen  G.  Roberts  as  a 
practitioner  of  law  has  won  high  honors  and  gratifying  success.  She 
was  largely  reared  in  Kansas  City,  Kansas,  to  which  place  her  parents, 
1  homas  Brooks  and  Nancy  (Dunlop)  Roberts,  removed  during  her 
infancy.  They  had  previously  been  residents  of  Detroit,  Michigan, 
her  native  city,  and  their  famiH  numbered  six  sons  and  seven  daugh- 
ters. In  this  household  Miss  Roberts  spent  her  girlhood  days  and. 
entering  the  public  schools,  passed  through  successive  grades  until 
she  had  completed  the  high  school  course.  She  was  for  two  years  a 
teacher  in  the  public  schools,  after  which  she  took  up  the  study  of 
bookkeeping  and  accounting  in  its  most  intricate  form  and  became 
an  expert.  Her  capability,  energy  and  fearlessness  to  undertake  a 
task,  no  matter  how  difficult  or  what  the  circumstances,  combined  with 
her  persistence,  won  her  success  and  she  was  enabled  to  command 
jiiost  excellent  positions  of  that  character.  In  the  meantime  she  con- 
tinued her  studies  in  the  classics  and  history,  kept  well  informed  on 
general  interests  of  the  day,  especially  in  regard  to  business  matters, 
and  made  her  extensive  reading  of  value.  One  of  her  salient  traits 
is  her  ready  assimilation  of  all  which  she  reads.  She  has,  moreover, 
remarkable  powers  of  adaptability. 

Seeking  a  still  broader  held  of  labor  in  Chicago,  Miss  Roberts 
came  to  this  city  in  the  nineties  and  was  given  a  position  as  accountant 
with  one  of  the  prominent  business  houses.  While  thus  employed 
she  took  up  the  reading  of  law  and  for  three  years  was  a  student  in 
the  Kent  College  of  Law  in  the  evening  classes.  Following  her  gradu- 
ation on  June  2,  1900,  at  which  time  she  won  the  class  prize  for  the 
best  scholarship  in  all  studies,  she  took  the  bar  examination  at  Spring- 
field and  was  admitted  to  practice  in  October,  1900.  She  then  re- 
signed her  position  as  accountant  and  entered  upon  the  active  prose- 
cution of  the  profession.  She  possesses  a  mind  analytical,  logical  and 
inductive,' readily  recognizes  the  relation  of  facts  and  co-ordinates  the 
points  in  litigation  witli   a    force  that  indicates  a  thorough  mastery 


746  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

of  the  subject  and  a  mind  trained  in  the  severest  school  of  investiga- 
tion, v^herein  close  reasoning-  has  become  habitual  and  easy.  In 
seven  years  her  clientage  has  increased  to  extensive  and  gratifying 
proportions  and  she  has  been  connected  with  much  important  litiga- 
tion tried  in  the  courts  of  the  city.  She  possesses  a  fine  law  library 
and  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  BaT  Association  and  of  the  Illinois 
State  Bar  Association.  She  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Chicago  Law' 
Institute. 

Miss  Roberts,  in  addition  to  her  law  library,  possesses  a  most  in- 
teresting private  library.  She  holds  membership  in  Queen  Esther 
chapter,  No.  41,  Order  of  the  Eastern  Star,  and  owns  a  fine  residence 
at  No.  81  Bowen  avenue.  While  in  her  office  and  before  the  court 
her  dominant  quality  seems  to  be  a  keen,  incisive  intellect.  In  social 
circles  she  possesses  those  truly  womanly  traits  of  character  which 
everywhere  command  admiration  and  respect.  She  has  simply  made 
use  of  the  innate  talents  which. are  hers,  directing  her  efforts  along 
those  lines  where  rare  discrimination  and  sound  judgment  have  led 
the  way. 

Albert  H.  Putney,  a  member  of  the  Chicago  bar  since  1899,  is 
professor  of  constitutional  and  international  law  and  equity  juris- 

prudence  at  the  Illinois  College  of  Law,  and  since 
p  ■       1904  has  been  dean  of  the  faculty.      Thoroughly 

qualified  by  training  and  practice  in  the  various 
departments  of  his  profession,  he  has  achieved  considerable  replita- 
tion  and  become  an  authority  regularly  quoted  on  the  subjects  of 
constitutional  and  international  law.  He  is  author  of  two  works, 
"Government  in  the  United  States"  and  "Colonial  Government  of 
European  States,"  which  were  published  by  the  United  States  govern- 
ment for  use  as  text  books  in  the  Philippine  Islands.  He  has  written 
considerably  for  various  legal  publications,  and  for  one  year  was  editor 
of  the  Law  Register. 

Mr.  Putney  was  born  in  Boston  in  1872.  After  preparing  for 
college  at  the  Newton  (Massachusetts)  high  school,  he  entered  Yale 
in  1889,  ^^d  at  graduation  in  1893  received  special  honors  in  history 
and  political  economy,  also  being  one  of  the  class  speakers.  He 
studied  two  years  at  the  Bosion  University  Law  School,  where  he 
received  the  degree  LL.  B.,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Massachusetts  bar 
in  1895.     Until  moving  to  Chicago  he  practiced  law  in  Boston.     The 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  747 

only  interruption  to  his  practice  in  Chicago  was  one  year  spent  in  the 
Phihppines.  Since  1900  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  the 
IlHnois  College  of  Law,  and  became  clean  of  the  faculty  in  1904.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Odd  Fellows,  Knights  of  Pythias,  Press  Club, 
County  Democracy  and  Jefferson  Club.  His  offices  are  in  the  Even- 
ing Post  building. 

Bernard  L.  Lee,  senior  member  of  the  firm  Lee  and  Lee,  and  in 
special  charge  of  the  chancery  business,  is  an  acknowledged  authority 

_  in  the  field  mentioned.    He  is  a  native  of  Mahonuig 

-Bernard  .     r^i  •     1  ^1    •  .  r    o,-      1  r 

■J-    -J-  county,  Ohio,  born  on  Christmas  of  1803,  the  son  of 

Bernard  F.  and  Jeannie  S.  (Simpson)  Lee.  His 
father,  born  in  the  same  county  in  18 13,  died  there  in  1886,  being 
most  widely  known  as  the  founder  and  chief  patron  of  the  historic 
educational  institution,  Poland  Union  Seminary,  located  in  Mahon- 
ing county.  He  died  in  1886.  being  engaged  for  most  of  his  active 
life  in  railroad  construction  and  coal  mining.  The  mother  of  ]\lr. 
Lee  was  born  in  Mahoningtown,  Pennsylvania,  in  1828,  and  died  in 
Mahoning  county,  Ohio,  in  1882.  She  was  a  daughter  of  \\'illiam 
and  Sarah  Simpson,  who  emigrated  from  Scotland  to  the  United 
States  early  in  the  seventeenth  century,  and  settled  in  Pennsylvania. 
Bernard  L.  Lee  is  a  cousin  of  the  late  Hon.  Alfred  E.  Lee,  a  soldier 
in  the  Civil  war,  subsequently  prominent  in  army  circles,  and  ap- 
pointed by  President  Hayes  as  consul  general  to  Germany.  He  died 
in  California  in  1905. 

Mr.  Lee  received  his  early  education  at  Poland  Union  Seminary, 
which  his  father  founded,  and  pursued  higher  courses  at  Oberlin  Col- 
lege, also  in  Ohio,  and  at  \\'ilHams  College,  Massachusetts.  He  com- 
menced his  professional  career  as  a  student  in  the  office  of  Hine  and 
Clarke,  at  Youngstown,  Ohio,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  that 
state  in  1888.  In  1891  Mr.  Lee  became  a  practicing  lawyer  of  Chi- 
cago, and  has  since  been  engaged  chiefly  in  civil  procedures.  As  stated, 
since  forming  the  firm  of  Lee  and  Lee  he  has  devoted  his  time  and 
abilities  mainly  to  chancery  practice. 

In  1896  Mr.  Lee  was  married  to  Miss  Maud  McKeown.  of 
Younsfstown,  Ohio,  dauijhter  01  the  late  W.  W.  McKeown,  who  was 
for  many  years  one  of  the  leading  business  men  of  that  city.  He  died 
in  1905.  They  have  had  one  child,  Eleanor.  In  politics  Mr.  Lee  is 
a  Republican,  but  in  no  wise  active.     He  is  an  earnest  Presbyterian. 


748  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  has  been  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school  at  Edgewater,  as 
well  as  a  liberal  supporter  of  the  local  organization.  Both  in  the 
city  of  his  professional  practice  and  in  the  place  of  his  residence  he 
is  always  ready  to  give  the  full  measure  of  his  strength  to  public  and 
charitable  movements'  which  his^^good  judgment  approves. 

David  Spencer  Wegg  has  made  a  wide  reputation  throughout  the 
northwest  both  as  a  lawyer  eminent  in  railway  and  large  corporation 

interests  and  as  an  active,  practical  manager  in  these 
lines.    Born  in  St.  Thomas,  Ontario,  on  the  i6th  of 

W  EGG. 

December,  1847,  the  son  of  John  W.  and  Jerusha 
(Duncombe)  Wegg,  he  traces  his  descent  from  English  ancestors, 
the  founder  of  the  American  branch  of  the  family  being  Sir  Charles 
Duncombe  (Lord  Faversham),  who  came  to  the  United  States  in 
1730.  They  were  among  the  early  and  leading  citizens  of  the  Do- 
minion, prominent  in  politics,  education  and  finances.  The  immediate 
ancestors  of  his  father,  who  were  born  in  Norfolk,  England,  were 
mainly  artisans  and  architects,  but  among  them  were  an  admiral  in 
the  English  navy  and  a  representative  of  the  crown  on  the  Island  of 
Trinidad.  When,  during  the  reign  of  King  Charles  II,  "Ye  company 
of  Gentleman  Adventurers,  trading  into  Hudson's  Bay" — more  fa- 
miliarly known  as  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company — was  incorporated, 
George  Wegg,  another  ancestor  of  the  Chicago  lawyer,  became  the 
first  secretary  and  treasurer  and  served  as  such  for  thirty-four  year:. 
In  his  3^ounger  years  David  S.  Wegg  himself  seemed  destined  for 
the  artisan  element  of  his  family,  working  in  the  paternal  carriage 
shop  and  acquiring  proficiency  at  that  trade.  But  this  proved  but  a 
step  to  something  higher,  as  was  proven  by  the  way  in  which 
he  devoted  his  hours  not  given  to  manual  labor.  He  read  much  and 
thought  deeply,  qualified  himself  for  teaching,  and  entered  the  work- 
ing ranks  of  the  pedagogues  in  connection  with  the  schools  of  St. 
Thomas.  This,  even,  was  not  the  height  of  his  ambition,  for  while 
teaching  he  had  also  been  engaged  in  the  study  of  law,  and  when  he 
came  to  Madison,  Wisconsin,  a  young  man  of  twenty-five,  he  was 
well  grounded  in  its  underlying  principles.  An  uncle.  Chief  Justice 
Lyon,  of  the  state  supreme  court,  who  then  resided  in  the  capital 
city,  had  taken  so  kindly  to  the  young  man  that  he  became  a  member 
of  his  family,  and  thus  pursued  his  studies  as  a  law  student  at  the 
University  of  Wisconsin. 


/  1 


fiumelllCoth'lChgo 


i'UCLiC   U3RARY 


ASTGR,  LENOX  AND 

fILDEN  FOUNOAnONS 


t,riICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  749 

Graduating  from  the  law  department  of  the  state  university  in 
1873,  Mr.  Wegg  was  immediately  employed  by  the  firm  of  Fish  and 
Lee,  of  Racine,  Wisconsin,  of  which  he  soon  became  a  partner.  In 
1875  he  went  to  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  and  was  honored  with  a 
partnership  connection  with  cx-Chief  Justice  Dixon,  for  years  one  of 
the  most  brilliant  and  learned  membe^rs  of  the  bench  and  bar  of  the 
Badger  state.  The  firm  of  Dixon.  Hooker,  Wegg  and  Noyes  will 
long  be  remembered  as  one  of  the  most  eminent  legal  copartnerships 
in  the  northwest,  both  from  the  extent  and  the  quality  of  its  business. 
Mr.  Wegg's  duties  took  him  into  court  to  a  large  extent,  and  he 
speedily  developed  into  one  of  the  best  known  forensic  lawyers  who 
practices  in  the  higher  courts  of  the  state.  When  this  connection  was 
dissolved  on  account  of  the  illness  of  Judge  Dixon,  Mr.  Wegg  en- 
tered another  eminent  firm  of  long  standing,  that  of  Jenkins.  Elliott 
and  Winkler,  whose  business  Avas  also  largely  confined  to  railway  and 
corporation  litigation.  From  this  agreeable  and  lucrative  association 
he  was  called  into  the  official  field  of  railway  management,  being  ap- 
pointed assistant  general  solicitor  of  the  Chicago.  Milwaukee  &  St. 
Paul  Railway  Company.  In  the  discharge  of  the  duties  of  this  posi- 
tion he  was  called  to  practice  in  almost  all  the  courts  of  the  different 
states  throug-h  which  that  great  system  of  railroads  passed,  and  gained 
a  high  reputation  throughout  the  northwest  as  a  skilful  and  learned 
railroad  lawyer.  In  1885  Mr.  Wegg  assumed  charge  of  the  law 
department  of  the  Wisconsin  Central  Railroad  Company,  and  moved 
to  Chicago,  where  he  has  since  resided.  Here,  without  relinquishing 
any  of  the  legal  duties  which  had  devolved  upon  him.  he  assumed  a 
vast  financial  and  managerial  responsibility.  The  company  undertook 
the  immense  task  of  obtaining  an  entrance  into  Chicago,  and,  in  the 
face  of  powerful  and  long  established  competitors.  Mr.  Wegg  was  as- 
signed the  bulk  of  the  responsibility  for  its  accomplishment.  In  the 
prosecution  of  this  undertaking  it  became  necessar}'^  to  organize  the 
Chicago  &  Northern  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  of  which  he  was  made 
president,  with  the  broadest  powers  of  management,  both  constructive 
and  legal.  He  purchased  the  right  of  way.  conducted  condemnation 
proceedings,  negotiated  bonds,  built  a  magnificent  depot  and  attended 
to  the  thousand  details  of  the  immense  undertaking  with  the  skill  of  a 
trained  expert  and  the  prudence  and  sagacit\-  of  a  practical  lawyer. 
Wlien  the  Northern   Pacific  Railroad  Company  ac(iuired  possession 


750  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

of  the  Wisconsin  Central,  Mr.  AVegg  was  elected  a  director  of  the 
great  continental  corporation,  a  position  which  he  afterward  resigned. 
In  the  performance  of  all  the  multifarious  duties  assigned  to  him  and 
assumed  by  him,  Mr.  Wegg  lias  evinced  a  rare  combination  of  execu- 
tive and  managerial  ability,  legal  acumen  and  broad  judgment,  even  in 
comparison  with  western  practitioners  who  have  a  national  reputation 
as  corporation  lawyers.  In  tlie  earlier  years  of  his  practice  he  ex- 
celled most  of  his  competitors  in  his  skill  in  the  presentation  of  rail- 
road cases  to  juries,  while  before  the  court  his  mastery  of  legal  princi- 
ples, familiarity  of  precedents  and  power  of  forcible  argument  made 
him  well  nigh  invincible.  He  was  the  trustee  of  large  estates  and 
held  many  responsible  positions  of  trust  and  confidence  with  corpora- 
tions other  than  those  mentioned.  While  engaged  in  strictly  private 
practice  his  services  were  not  only  in  large  demand  in  the  northwest 
but  in  important  and  complicated  litigations  he  was  often  called  to 
New  York  and  other  eastern  cities. 

Outside  of  his  professional  and  financial  relations,  Mr.  Wegg  is 
remarkably  well  informed,  and  in  some  lines  of  literature  and  science 
an  adept.  He  is  a  free  and  interesting  conversationalist,  an  agreeable 
companion  and  a  man  of  broad  and  charitable  qualities  of  mind  and 
heart.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Union  League  and  Literary  clubs  of 
Chicago. 

Some  five  years  after  entering  practice,  his  professional  success 
being  then  already  assured,  Mr.  Wegg  married  Miss  Eva  Russell, 
daughter  of  Andrew  Russell,  of  Oconomowoc,  Wisconsin,  his  wife 
being  a  native  of  the  Badger  state.  The  marriage  took  place  in  1878 
and  has  resulted  in  the  birth  of  two  children — Donald  Russell  and 
David  Spencer,  Jr.,  the  former  born  in  1881  and  the  latter  in  1887. 
Mrs.  Wegg's  family  is  of  Scotch  ancestry,  and  as  Mr.  Wegg  is  of 
good  English  stock,  the  sons  of  the  family  are  sturdy  specimens  of 
Briton.  The  members  of  the  family  are  connected  with  St.  James' 
Episcopal  church.  Although  not  a  partisan  and  never  actively  en- 
gaged in  politics,  Mr.  Wegg  is  a  consistent  Republican. 

Hon.  Jam_es  Hamilton  Lewis,  an  able  lawyer  and  Democratic 
leader  of  national  reputation,  was  born  in  Danville,  Virginia,  on  the 

1 8th  of  May,   1866.     In  the  year  of  his  birth  the 

-J-  *         family  removed  to  Augusta,  Georgia,  but  he  received 

his  literary  training  at  Houghton  College  and  the 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  751 

University  of  Virginia.  Subsequently  he  studied  law  in  Savannah. 
Georgia,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1885,  when  he  was  nineteen 
years  of  age.  Two  years  thereafter,  in  November,  1886,  he  located 
at  Seattle,  state  of  Washington,  where  he  resided  for  sixteen  years, 
engaged-in  practice  and  acquiring  national  prominence  as  a  statesman 
and  political  leader. 

Mr.  Lewis  entered  official  politics  as  a  member  of  the  territorial 
senate,  and  in  1890  was  urged  by  his  party  as  a  candidate  for  the  con- 
gressional nomination,  but  declined  the  honor.  In  1892  he  declined 
the  nomination  for  governor  because  of  opposition  to  the  party  plat- 
form, and  two  years  later  was  a  nominee  for  the  United  States  sena- 
torship,  being  also  the  choice  of  his  party  for  the  vice  presidential 
nomination.  In  1896  he  served  as  a  delegate  to  the  national  conven- 
tion, and  was  the  congressman-at-large  in  1897-9.  He  came  before 
the  country,  in  1897,  as  author  of  the  resolution  passed  by  Congress 
recognizing  the  independence  of  Cuba.  In  1900  he  was  a  candidate 
for  vice  president,  being  endorsed  by  the  states  of  the  Pacific  coast 
for  that  high  office.  Although  a  member  of  Congress,  Mr.  Lewis 
was  also  a  colonel  in  the  Washington  State  Guard  at  the  time  of  the 
outbreak  of  the  Spanish-American  war,  and  resigning  his  seat  to 
accept  military  service,  was  appointed  inspector  on  the  staff  of  Gen- 
eral Fred  D.  Grant.  As  such  he  served  until  the  conclusion  of  hostili- 
ties. 

Colonel  Lewis  has  been  a  resident  of  Chicago  since  1902,  has 
been  engaged  in  a  lucrative  and  growing  practice  here,  and  is  already 
recognized  as  one  of  the  strongest  men  interested  in  its  progress,  and 
abundantly  able  to  assist  large  and  beneficial  movements.  In  1905 
he  was  elected  corporation  counsel  of  the  city,  and  in  the  legislature 
of  1906-7  received  a  minority  nomination  for  United  States  senator 
from  Illinois.  Mr.  Lewis'  wife  was  formerly  Miss  Rose  Lawton 
Douglas,  of  Georgia,  to  whom  he  was  married  in  November,  1896. 

Marquis    Eaton    is    a    young    lawyer    of    pronounced    character, 
whether  considered  from  the  standpoint  of  his  professional  attain- 
ments or  from  the  viewpoint  of  progressive  citizen- 
Marquis         ^j^.p     -^^  jg  ^  member  of  the  well  established  firm 
AXON.  ^^  Cody  and  Eaton,  and  his  election  to  the  presi- 

dency of  the  Hamilton  Club  in  May,  of  this  year,  is  a  substantial 
tribute  to  his  standing  as  a  man  and  a  stirring  citizen. 


752  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Eaton  is  a  native  of  Van  Buren  county,  Michigan,  born  on 
the  5th  of  April,  1876,  son  of  Charles  L.  and  Nellie  (Joiner)  Eaton. 
At  the  age  of  twelve  he  was  appointed  page  in  the  Michigan  house  of 
representatives,  and  in  1892  graduated  from  the  high  school  at  Paw 
Paw.  Soon  afterward  he i entered  the  literary  department  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Michigan,  but  his  college  course  was  terminated  by  the 
sudden  death  of  his  father,  adjutant  general  of  the  state,  in  February, 
1895.  Returning  to  Lansing  he  was  appointed  chief  of  the  tax  di- 
vision of  the  auditor  general's  office,  which  he  resigned  in  1897  to 
become  associate  reporter  of  the  supreme  court  of  Michigan.  In  this 
position  his  duties  were  confined  to  writing  the  official  head  notes  for 
the  published  decisions  of  the  court,  and  he  was  thus  employed  until 
his  removal  to  Chicago  in  190 1. 

In  the  meantime  Mr.  Eaton  had  been  admitted  to-  the  Michigan' 
bar,  his  examination  in  1897  having  brought  him  the  highest  honors 
of  all  competing  candidates.  For  nearly  three  years  after  his  father's 
death  he  not  only  efficiently  performed  his  duties  in  the  auditor  gen- 
eral's office  but  devoted  five  hours  each  evening  to  the  study  of  law, 
with  such  other  time  as  he  could  find.  As  the  privilege  of  examina- 
tion for  admission  to  the  bar  extended,  under  the  Michigan  law,  only 
to  students  in  offices  and  university  graduates,  an  amendment  to  the 
statute  was  passed  by  the  state  legislature  which  covered  his  case. 
Immediately  after  passing  the  examination  he  was  admitted  to  prac- 
tice in  Michigan,  and  has  since  been  admitted  in  all  the  courts,  includ- 
ing the  supreme  court  of  the  United  States.  The  first  two  years  of 
his  residence  in  Chicago  were  spent  in  an  independent  practice,  but 
in  1903  he  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cody,  Eaton  and  Mc- 
Conahe}'',  which  by  the  subsequent  retirement  of  Mr.  McConahey  as- 
sumed its  present  style.  As  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cody  and  Eaton, 
he  is  actively  engaged  in  general  practice,  although  his  individual 
tendencies  are  toward  business  and  corporation  law.  His  experience 
in  these  lines  has  shown  an  unusual  aptitude,  and  he  is  already  an 
officer  or  director  in  eight  prosperous  corporations. 

Since  he  became  of  voting  age  Mr.  Eaton  has  been  an  active  Re- 
publican and  a  participant  in  the  civic  progress  of  whatever  commu- 
nity has  been  his  home.  In  the  campaign  of  1900  he  toured  the  state 
of  Michigan  for  the  central  committee,  and  in  Illinois  he  has  been 
identified  with  the  Seventh  Ward  Republican  Club  for  many  years. 


THi:  N>.-:\'V  VOPK 

I'UGLIC    Li3RARY 


ASTCR,  LtNOXAND 
riLDFN  FOUMDAriOMS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  753 

His  career  in  the  Hamilton  Club,  of  which  he  is  a  life  member,  has 
been  one  of  continuous  activity.  After  serving-  as  secretary  and  treas- 
urer of  the  Banquet  committee,  in  1904  he  was  elected  a  director  and 
immediately  appointed  chairman  of  the  Political  Action  committee. 
Retiring  from  the  board  in  1906  he  was  made  chairman  of  the  Com- 
mittee on  Municipal  Legislation,  was  afterward  chairman  of  the  Re- 
ception committee,  and  on  May  18,  1908,  was  elected  to  the  presi- 
dency. Mr,  Eaton  is  a  member  of  the  Illinois  State  and  Chicago 
Bar  associations  and  of  the  Law  Club,  and  is  one  of  the  Board  of 
Managers  of  the  Chicago  Law  Institute.  He  belongs  to  the  Ken- 
wood Lodge,  A.  F.  and  A.  ]\L,  and  to  the  Alpha  Omega  and  Zeta  Psi 
fraternities.  His  religious  faith  is  Congregationalism,  and  he  is  a 
member  of  the  University  Congregational  church  and  the  Chicago 
Congregational  Club.  Mr.  Eaton's  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  in 
Flint,  Michigan,  June  8,  1904,  was  formerly  Jacquette  Hunter.  They 
have  a  son,  now  three  years  of  age,  and  reside  at  5623  Washington 
avenue. 

That  Alfred  R.  Urion  is  the  general  counsel  for  Armour  &  Co. 
is   sufficient   evidence   that   he   is   a   lawyer   of   broad   and    practical 

ability,   thorough,   determined,   alert,   versatile   and 

resourceful.     On  the  paternal  side  he  is  descended 
Urion.  ,         ^     ,.._,,.,,  .  , 

from  Lnghsn  Quakers,  while  his  maternal  ancestors 

were  Irish,  and  through  these  strains  of  blood  have  come  to  him  all  of 
his  specified  traits  as  a  lawyer  and  a  man.  A  son  of  John  and  Mary 
(Randolph)  Urion,  he  was  born  near  Salem,  New  Jersey,  on  Sep- 
tember 29,  1863,  and  obtained  his  elementary  and  literary  education 
in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  locality,  at  the  South  Jersey  Acad- 
emy of  that  state,  and  at  the  Central  High  School  of  Philadelphia. 
Shortly  after  graduating  from  the  lajtter  he  came  west  and  became  a 
student  in  the  law  office  of  Henry  Miller  at  Fargo,  North  Dakota, 
the  supreme  court  of  that  state  admitting  him  to  its  bar  in  1884.  A 
short  time  thereafter  he  was  admitted  to  the  Minnesota  bar  and  com- 
menced practice  at  St.  Paul,  his  four  years  in  that  place  giving  him  a 
wide  experience  and  earning  him  a  substantial  standing. 

Mr.  Urion's  ability  in  the  handling  of  important  business  litigation 
had  so  recommended  him  to  the  consideration  of  Armour  &  Co.  that 
they  offered  him  the  position  of  their  general  attorney,  and  in  1888 
he  came  to  Chicago  to  assume  his  duties.     Later  he  was  promoted  to 

Vol.   11—17 


754  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

the  office  of  general  counsel,  which  carries  with  it  the  active  supervis- 
ion of  the  intricate  legal  matters  of  the  gigantic  corporation,  as  well 
as-the  actual  handling  of  a  mass  of  details.  His  mental  strength  keeps 
these  diverse  matters  well  in  hand,  but  he  has  also  the  reputation  of  be- 
ing one  of  the  shrewdest  cross-examiners  at  the  Chicago  bar,  which 
have  no  superiors  in  the  country. 

In  June,  1907,  Mayor  Busse  appointed  Mr.  Urion  a  member  of 
the  board  of  education,  and  he  is  now  serving  with  characteristic  zeal 
and  discriminative  ability  in  his  first  public  office,  his  term  in  which 
will  expire  June,  19 10.  He  has  always  been  interested  in  Republican 
politics,  however,  and  has  frecjuently  been  a  delegate  to  county  and 
state  conventions.  Mr.  Urion  is  connected  with  the  Union  League, 
Mid-Day  and  Press  clubs,  and  his  relations  with  fraternalism  in  the 
organized  sense  are  confined  to  Masonry.  In  his  private  character  he 
is  sociable  and  approachable,  although  scholarly  and  dignified.  In 
1885  he  was  married  to  Miss  Mabel  E.  Kimball,  daughter  of  Henry 
Martyn  Kimball,  editor  of  the  Carlinville  (Illinois)  Democrat,  and 
their  four  children  are  Virginia,  Alfred,  Jr.,  Henry  and  Frances 
Urion. 

William  Duff  Haynie,  of  the  firm  Knapp,  Haynie  and  Campbell, 

a  prominent  practicing  attorney  and  a  leading  factor  in  several  large 

.    corporations,  is  an  Illinois  man,  both  by  birth  and,  to 

a  considerable  extent,  by  education.    He  was  born  in 
Haynie. 

Salem,  IlHnois,  on  the  i6th  of  August,  1850,  the  son 

of  Abner  F.  and  Martha  Duff  Lee  (Green)  Haynie.  His  father  was 
born  in  Tennessee  and  his  mother  in  Kentucky,  the  ancestors  of  each 
being  Virginians  and  on  the  maternal  side  descendants  of  the  Wash- 
ington and  Lee  families  of  the  Old  Dominion.  His  father  died  in 
1 85 1,  and  his  mother,  who  was  for  twenty  years  professor  of  modern 
languages  in  the  Illinois  State  Normal  University,  placed  William  D. 
in  the  high  school  connected  with  that  institution  and,  on  his  gradua- 
tion in  1870,  sent  him  to  Harvard  College,  from  which  he  received 
the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1874. 

While  a  close  and  deep  student,  Mr.  Haynie  possessed  the  prac- 
tical traits  necessary  for  every-day  success,  and  his  predilections  grad- 
ually drew  him  into  the  broad  and  stirring  domain  of  the  law.  His 
systematic  professional  education  commenced  in  the  office  of  Green 
and  Gilbert,  Cairo,  Ilhnois,  and  was  continued  with  Stevenson  and 


I' 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 
riLpEN  FOUNOAriONS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  755 

Ewing,  and  in  the  law  department  of  the  Ilhnois  Wesleyan  Univer 
sity.  Blooming-ton,  Illinois,  in  which  he  passed  a  l)usy  and  profitable 
year,  graduating  therefrom  in  1876.  Mr.  Haynie's  record  was  such 
as  to  draw  the  attention  of  the  townspeople  to  his  sterling  qualities, 
and  he  himself  had  the  good  judgment  to  begin  his  practice  where  he 
was  best  known,  although  larger  and  more  distant  fields  might  seem 
more  promising.  During  the  nine  years  following  his  graduation 
he  continued  his  professional  labors  with  gratifying  success  at  Bloom- 
ington.  In  1885  he  went  to  Washington  to  assume  the  position  of 
chief  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  First  Assistant  Postmaster  General, 
who  at  that  time  was  Hon.  A.  E.  Stevenson,  afterward  Vice-Presi- 
dent. He  acceptably  performed  the  duties  of  that  position  until  Feb- 
ruary, 1889,  when  he  decided  to  again  enter  private  practice  at  Rapid 
City,  South  Dakota.  In  the  meantime  he  had  acquired  considerable 
prominence  with  the  Democracy,  and  the  party  recognized  his  stand- 
ing and  abilities  as  an  organizer  and  a  far-seeing  politician  by  appoint- 
ing him  to  a  responsible  position  on  the  National  Campaign  Commit- 
tee, with  headquarters  during  the  campaign  of  1892  in  New  York 
City.  In  1893-94  he  practiced  at  Deadwood,  South  Dakota,  and  in 
June  of  the  latter  year  became  a  resident  of  Chicago. 

In  September,  1894,  Mr.  Haynie  became  associated  with  the  law 

department  of  the  Illinois  Steel  Company,  of  which  he  is  a  director. 

For  several  years  he  was  also  a  director  of  the  Illinois  Manufacturers' 

Association,  and 'is  recognized  as  a  corporation  and  business  lawyer 

.  of  perfect  reliability  and  great  acumen. 

Mr.  Haynie  has  always  taken  a  practical  interest  in  military  mat- 
ters, and  was  at  one  time  first  lieutenant  of  Company  G,  Fourth  Regi- 
ment, Illinois  National  Guard.  Socially  and  politically,  he  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  University,  Iroquois,  Colonial,  New  Illinois  Athletic  and 
South  Shore  Country  clubs.  His  domestic  life,  which  is  ideal,  was 
inaugurated  by  his  marriage,  January  30,  1889,  to  Ella  R.  Thomas, 
of  Washington,  D.  C. 

There  is  no  profession  in  which  the  admonition  to  "make  haste 
slowly"  can  be  more  advantageously  followed  than  in  that  of  the  law. 

It  will  be  found  that  the  great  national  figures,  most 

Charles  A.      ^^  whom  have  had  a  legal  training,  and  those  who 

Winston.        ^^^^  acquired  eminence  solely  in  the  law,  have  been 
men  of  the  most  thorough  preparation.     However  great  their  native 


756  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

talents,  the  unformed  fledglings  are  not  reaching  the  high  posts  of 
honor  today,  but  those  whose  education  and  training  have  enabled 
them  to  survey  a  broad  field  of  knowledge  before  they  fairly  entered 
the  activities  of  their  career.  In  these  days  a  thorough  and  broad 
education  is  largely  taking  the  place  of  the  long,  and  oft-times  wear- 
ing experience,  which  in  the  earlier  periods  was  considered  essential 
to  honorable  elevation  in  any  of  the  professions  or  walks  of  life. 

Charles  A.  Winston,  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Winston, 
Lowy  and  McGinn,  is  a  typical  modern  lawyer,  who  has  laid  a  broad 
foundation  for  continuous  personal  development  and  professional 
progress.  Born  in  Boone  county,  Kentucky,  on  the  6th  of  Decembeii,/ 
1865,  he  is  the  son  of  A.  G.  and  Georgetta  (Matson)  Winston.  ^H,is" 
father,  also  a  native  of  that  county,  was  born  in  1832,  being  in  early 
life  engaged  in  the  practice  of  the  law  and  later  in  business.  He  is 
now  a  retired  citizen  of  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  his  wife  (the  mother  of 
Charles  A.)  being  an  Ohio  lady,  born  in  1835  and  died  in  1888. 

William  T.  Winston,  the  paternal  grandfather,  was  a  native  of 
Hanover  county,  Virginia,  and  settled  in  Boone  county,  Kentucky,  in 
the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth  century,  dying  in  that  section  at  the 
age  of  sixty-nine.  The  Winston  family  came  originally  from  York- 
shire, England,  whence  six  brothers  emigrated  to  the  United  States 
and  settled  in  Hanover  county,  Virginia. 

Charles  A.  Winston  first  attended  the  public  schools  of  Kentucky, 
and  pursued  higher  courses  at  the  Woodward  College,  of  Cincinnati, 
Ohio,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1886.  He  then  entered  the 
law  department  of  the  University  of  Cincinnati,  from  which  in  1891 
he  obtained  his  professional  degree,  being  admitted  the  same  year  to 
both  the  Ohio  and  Kentucky  bars.  Not  yet  satisfied  with  his  profes- 
sional attainments,  Mr.  Winston  took  an  advanced  course  in  the  law 
department  of  Harvard  University,  graduating  therefrom  in  1893. 

In  the  year  named  above  Mr.  Winston  came  to  Chicago,  and  after 
being  engaged  in  active  practice  here  until  1896,  spent  a  most  profit- 
able twelve  months  in  travel,  spending  most  of  the  period  in  Europe, 
verifying  and  enlarging  his  knowledge  of  peoples  and  institutions, 
both  of  the  past  and  present.  This  was  followed  by  a  post-graduate 
course  at  the  Harvard  Law  School,  in  which  his  special  line  of  study 
and  investigation  was  directed  toward  constitutional,  corporation  and 
civil  law.    At  the  close  of  this  supplementary  study  he  accepted  a  pro- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  757 

fessorship  in  the  University  of  Minnesota,  filling  the  chair  of  Real 
Property  for  a  year.  In  1899  l^e  resigned  the  professorship,  returned 
to  Chicago  and  re-engaged  in  active  practice. 

Since  that  year  Mr.  Winston  has  been  engaged  in  progressive 
professional  work,  and  has  made  a  specialty  of  corporation  law,  of 
which  he  has  made  so  close  and  deep  a  study.  Both  in  his  individual 
capacity  and  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Winston,  Lowy  and  McGinn, 
he  is  winning  a  position  at  the  bar  which  is  a  full  justification  of  his 
faithful  and  careful  preparation  for  his  professional  career.  His  prac- 
tice is  largely  in  the  higher  courts,  his  admission  to  the  United  States 
circuit  and  district  courts  being  obtained  in  1894. 

In  1900  Charles  A.  Winston  was  united  in  marriage  to  ]\Iiss  Nina 
W.  Wright,  of  Houghton,  Michigan,  and  a  daughter  of  Z.  W.  and 
Esther  (Towne)  Wright.  In  politics  Mr.  Winston  is  a  Republican, 
but  has  never  actively  entered  that  field.  He  is  fond  of  outdoor 
sports,  being  a  member  of  the  Birchwood  Country  Club  and  the  Chi- 
cago Athletic  Club. 

Henry  Milton  Wolf,  member  of  the  well  known  law  firm  of  Judah, 
Willard,  Wolf  and  Reichmann,  is  one  of  an  association  of  distinctive- 

ly  western  attorneys.  Henry  M.  Wolf  is  a  native  of 
„,  ■       Rock  Island,  born  November  is,  i860,  the  son  of 

\  V  OIF  \J^  ' 

Moses  and  Bertha  (Rothschild)  Wolf.  He  received 
the  bulk  of  his  education  in  Chicago,  graduating  from  the  old  Central 
High  School  in  1878,  and  later  attending  the  University  of  Chicago, 
as  well  as  being  instructed  by  private  tutors.  The  period  from  1878 
to  1880  was  thus  passed,  after  which  he  entered  Yale  College  and 
graduated  with  honors  and  the  degree  of  A.  B.  therefrom,  in  1884. 
He  commenced  the  study  of  law  at  that  famous  institution  and  con- 
tinued his  legal  studies  in  the  office  of  Dupee,  Judah  and  Willard  until 
March,  1886.  when  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar. 

It  was  at  this  early  date  that  Mr.  Wolf  became  associated  as  a 
partner  in  the  firm  of  Dupee,  Judah  and  Willard.  Both  Mr.  Judah 
and  Mr.  Willard  had  studied  in  the  ofiice  of  the  original  firm  of 
Hitchcock  and  Dupee,  the  fonner  entering  into  partnership  arrange- 
ments in  1875  ^^^  the  latter  in  1882.  A  few  years  later  the  firm  name 
was  changed  to  Dupee,  Judah,  Willard  and  ^^'l1lf.  Since  April  i, 
1905,  the  business  has  been  conducted  under  the  present  style  of 
judah.  Willard,  ^\'olf  and  Reichmann. 


758  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Henry  M.  Wolf  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  and  the  IHinois 
Bar  Associations.  He  is  a  Repubhcan  and  identified  with  the  Yale, 
University,  Standard,  Chicago  Athletic  and  Chicago  Literary  clubs. 
He  is  a  thoroughly  qualified  lawyer,  and  a  citizen  of  substantial,  use- 
ful and  progressive  qualities. 

John  Richard  Caverly,  citv  attorney  of  Chicago,  has  made  rapid 

progress  in  his  profession,  and  since  becoming  connected  with  the 

legal  department  of  the  city,  about  a  decade  ago,  he 

;!,  ■  has  been  continually  in  office,  either  in  that  connec- 

Caverly.  .  ,.     -^         .  ,    ,  v-    ,1    1 

tion  or  as  a  police  magistrate,  and  through  all  the 

changes  of  administration  has  rendered  faithful,  earnest  and  impar- 
tial service.  ~    - — ' 

Mr.  Caverly  was  born  in  London,  England,  on  the  6tl^'of  ^Becem- 
ber,  1 86 1,  the  son  of  James  and  Mary  (Boulter)  Caverly,  natives  re- 
spectively of  Ireland  and  England.  In  his  person  is  therefore  com- 
bined that  brightness  and  sturdiness  which  form  the  characteristics 
of  a  strong  and  successful  man — popular,  clear  of  head  and  practical 
of  purpose,  charitable  and  yet  a  keen  judge  of  human  nature. 

Mr.  Caverly  was  brought  by  his  parents  to  Chicago  when  a  boy 
of  six  years,  and  received  his  literary  training  in  the  Annunciation  Par- 
ish School  and  St.  Patrick's  Academy,  of  that  city,  and  his  profes- 
sional education  in  the  law  department  of  the  Lake  Forest  University. 
In  1897  he  obtained  his  degree  of  LL.  B.  from  the  latter  institution, 
and  almost  immediately  (in  April)  was  appointed  assistant  city  at- 
torney, serving  in  that  position  until  May  i,  1903.  Mr.  Caverly 
severed  his  connection  with  the  city  attorney's  office  upon  the  latter 
date,  as  he  had  been  appointed  justice  of  the  peace  and  police  magis- 
trate at  the  Harrison  Street  police  court,  which  has  always  been  con- 
sidered the  most  trying  and  responsible  position  of  the  kind  in  Chi- 
cago. He  presided  over  the  court  with  promptness  and  impartiality 
for  more  than  three  years,  or  until  December  i,  1906,  when  the  justice 
courts  of  this  nature  were  abolished  by  law.  His  fine  record  as  as- 
sistant city  attorney,  however,  hati  followed  him,  and  on  New  Year's 
day  of  1907  he  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Dunne  to  the  head  of  the 
office,  in  Avhich  he  is  logically  bound  to  increase  the  splendid  reputa- 
tion which  he  has  already  made. 

In  his  personal  politics  John  R.  Caverly  is  a  firm  Democrat,  al- 
though his  convictions  in  this  line  have  never  influenced  him  in  the 


'         J    r^\ 


TH  E  ^  £  WYCB  K 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  759 

discharge  of  his  official  duties.  He  is  a  well  known  member  of  the 
Chicago  Democratic  and  the  Cook  County  Democratic  clubs,  and,  pro- 
fessionally, is  identified  with  the  Chicago  Bar  and  the  Illinois  State 
Bar  Associations.  He  supports  such  social  organizations  as  the  Iro- 
cjuois  Club,  the  Illinois  Athletic  Club,  and  such  fraternities  as  the 
Royal  Arcanum  and  the  Kniglits  of  Columbus.  It  will  therefore  be 
readily  inferred  that  he  is  a  remarkably  busy  man,  and  has  little  time  to 
review  his  own  achievements.  His  domestic  life,  which  has  been  notice- 
ably harmonious,  was  inaugurated  by  his  marriage  with  Miss  Char- 
lotte J.  Cochran,  on  the  15th  of  September,  1898. 

It  comes  as  no  surprise  to  the  average  citizen  to  be  told  that  Chi- 
cago numbers  among  its  attorneys  some  of  the  greatest  commercial 

and  corporation  lawyers  in  the  country;  from  the 
,,  character  of  the  city  and  the  tendency  of  the  times, 

one  would  naturally  expect  a  gravitation  of  such 
legal  talent  hither.  It  is  also  a  truth,  but  one  not  admitted  without 
careful  investigation,  that  the  metropolis  of  the  west  has  a  noticeable 
proportion  of  lawyers  who  are  highly  and  broadly  cultured  outside  of 
their  professional  limitations.  Even  to  the  general  reader,  who  has 
not  personally  examined  the  matter,  the  name  of  the  late  William 
Vocke  naturally  suggests  itself  as  a  signal  illustration  of  this  element 
of  the  legal  fraternity;  and  his  personality  also  emphasizes  the  fact 
that  many  of  the  most  cultured  lawyers  of  Chicago  are  of  his  father- 
land. 

William  Vocke  was  a  naiive  of  Minden,  W^estphalia,  Germany, 
born  April  4,  1839,  the  son  of  W^illiam  and  Charlotte  (Ebeling) 
Vocke.  He  received  his  early  education  in  his  home  schools,  and,  los- 
ing his  father  at  an  early  age,  decided  that  his  future  lay  in  the  republic 
across  the  ocean.  At  seventeen  he  ventured  forth,  landing  in  New 
York  in  1856,  and,  after  stopping  there  for  a  short  time,  in  order  to 
secure  work  and  the  resulting  means  to  place  himself  further  west,  he 
passed  on  to  Chicago — the  city  of  ugly  outward  appearance,  but  of 
mysterious  fascination  for  the  energy,  enterprise  and  intelligence  of 
all  nationalities  and  all  classes.  In  1857  he  became  a  permanent 
resident-  of  Chicago,  and  soon  found  employment  with  his  own  coun- 
trymen as  a  carrier  for  the  Staais  Zeitung,  then  as  now  the  leading 
German  newspaper  of  the  west. 

Mr.   Vocke's  newspaper  territory  was  then   a  large  part  of  the 


76o  '         CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

northwest  side  of  the  city,  and  by  working  from  two  until  eight  each 
morning  he  partially  supported  himself  and  was  enabled  for  a  time 
to  give  what  hours  were  not  absolutely  necessary  to  sleep  to  the  study 
of  the  law,  to  which  he  had  already  pledged  himself.  At  this  critical 
juncture  in  his  affairs  Professor  Henry  Booth — that  good  friend  tc 
so  many  young  men — came  to  his  relief,  and,  by  allowing  the  de 
termined  and  ambitious  3^oung  German  the  use  of  his  books,  with  in-  ■ 
struction  thrown  in  gratis — -that  is,  permitting  him  to  pay,  if  con- 
venient, at  some  future  date — the  path  to  the  realization  of  a  legal 
education  was  thus  paved  for  William  Vocke,  who  ever  insisted  that 
the  day  on  which  he  was  able  to  pay  his  kind  friend  c^rrjedj  with  it 
one  of  the  happiest  events  of  his  life.  ~—^^l~^ 

In  i860,  then  of  legal  age,  Mr.  Vocke  left  the  employ  of  the  Staats 
Zeitimg  to  accept  the  position  of  a  collector  for  the  firm  of  Ogden, 
Fleetwood  &  Co.,  then  one  of  the  leading  real  estate  firms  in  Chicago. 
His  service  of  something  less  than  a  year  in  that  capacity  gave  him  a 
good  standing  among  business  men  and  so  earned  him  the  commenda- 
tion of  his  employers  that  when  he  resigned  to  enter  the  Union  army 
they  presented  him  with  a  handsome  sum  of  money  in  gold.  In  April, 
1 86 1,  he  promptly  responded  to  the  three  months'  call  for  troops,  be- 
ing a  private  in  the  Twenty-fourth  Illinois  Infantry.  He  afterward 
re-enlisted  and  was  present  at  every  engagement  of  the  Army  of  the 
Cumberland  until  his  regiment  was  mustered  out  of  the  service.  His 
soldierly  discipline,  loyalty  and  bravery  won  recognition  by  his  promo- 
tion to  the  captaincy  of  Company  D. 

Captain  Vocke's  ambition  and  foresight  were  well  illustrated  b'y 
the  fact  that  during  the  leisure  periods  of  his  army  service  he  devoted 
himself  to  literary  pursuits,  and  upon  his  return  to  the  north  in  1864 
he  was  fully  competent  to  fill  the  position  which  was  proffered  him — 
the  city  editorship  of  the  Staats  Zeitimg.  He  held  that  position  until 
April,  1865,  and  won  a  place  among  able  western  journalists.  From 
the  latter  date  until  November,  1869,  he  was  clerk  of  the  police  court 
of  Chicago,  having  during  this  period  resumed  the  study  of  law  and 
been  admitted  to  the  bar  (1867).  With  the  exception  of  the  seven 
years  from  1873  ^^  1880,  when  he  was  in  partnership  with  General 
Joseph  Leake,  Mr.  Vocke  practiced  alone.  His  clientage  was  always 
extensive  and  the  legal  interests  entrusted  to  him  of  a  very  important 
character.     He  had  a  thorough  understanding  of  the  law  as  a  science, 


CTTTCAGO    AND    COOK    COrXTY  761 

and  stood  among-  the  foremost  trial  lawyers  of  the  city,  his  power 
of  analysis,  his  penetration  to  the  foundation  principles  and  his  logical 
presentation  of  the  facts,  combined  with  his  winning  personality,  being 
an  explanation  of  his  unusual  successes  before  a  jury. 

Mr.  Vocke  made  frequent  contributions  to  both  the  German  and 
English  press,  and  gained  a  high  reputation  as  a  forcible  and  polished 
writer.  In  1869  he  produced  a  volume  of  poems  comprising  excellent 
translations  of  the  lyrics  of  Julius  Rodenberg.  During  the  later 
years  of  his  life  his  writings  were  more  in  the  line  of  law  than  on 
general  literary  topics,  one  of  his  most  important  productions  being 
a  volume  entitled  "The  Administration  of  Justice  in  the  United  States, 
and  a  Synopsis  of  the  Mode  ol  Procedure  of  our  Federal  and  State 
Courts  and  All  Federal  and  State  Courts  Relating  to  Subjects  of  In- 
terest to  Aliens."  The  work  was  published  in  the  German  language 
at  Cologne,  and  has  not  only  received  the  praise  of  German  journalists 
but  has  proven  of  much  benefit  to  German  lawyers  and  business  men. 

In  1870,  three  years  after  his  admission  to  the  bar,  Captain  Vocke 
was  elected  to  the  lower  house  of  the  state  legislature.  Shortly  after 
the  great  fire  of  1871  an  extra  session  was  called  and  he  was  instru- 
mental in  framing  what  is  known  as  the  "burnt-record  act"  ;  and  among 
his  other  noteworthy  legislative  achievements  he  formulated  and  in- 
troduced a  life-insurance  bill,  which  was  indorsed  by  the  Chicago 
Tribune  as  "the  soundest  and  most  judicious  measure  ever  proposed 
to  a  legislative  body  on  that  subject."  From  1877  to  1880  Mr.  Vocke 
served  as  a  member  of  the  Ciiicago  board  of  education,  and  in  that 
position,  as  in  all  other  official  capacities,  he  performed  his  duties  faith- 
fullv  and  impartially,  irrespective  of  political  considerations  or  indi- 
vidual leanings.  For  many  years,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death,  he  was 
the  official  attorney  for  the  Imperial  German  consulate  at  Chicago, 
which  was  an  indication,  coming  from  his  own  fatherland,  of  his 
standing  as  a  German-American  citizen  and  lawyer.  Among  other 
offices  with  which  he  had  been  honored  was  also  the  presidency  of  the 
German  Society  of  Chicago  -for  the  Aid  of  Emigrants,  which  organi- 
zation has  done  a  fine  work  in  facilitating  the  amalgamation  of  that 
invaluable  racial  element  with  the  American  nationality  and  body 
politic.  In  his  fraternal  and  social  relations  Mr.  Vocke  was  identified 
with  the  Military  Order  of  the  Loyal  Legion  and  with  the  University 
and  Germania  clubs. 


^62  CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 

On  January  13,  1867,  Mr.  Vocke  married  Miss  Eliza  Wahl,  and 
they  became  the  parents  of  two  sons  and  four  daughters.  The  loved 
and  honored  husband  and  father  passed  away  in  the  city  which  so 
long  had  appreciated  his  high  talents  and  worth,  on  the  13th  of  May, 
1907,  leaving,  besides  the  widow,  the  children  mentioned  above:  Fred- 
erick Vocke,  of  Chicago;  William  Vocke,  of  Oklahoma;  Mrs.  Franz 
Bopp  and  Mrs.  D.  P.  Doak,  of  San  Francisco ;  and  Mrs.  J.  C.  Mc- 
Mynn  and  Mrs.  J.  A.  Bird,  of  Chicago.  The  deceased  was  domestic 
and  approachable,  a  genial  companion  and  a  delightful^entertainer,  a 
man  of  well-rounded  character,  and  stood  for  years  ahiong/thfe  ablest 
and  broadest  of  the  German-.Americans  whom  Chicago^has_jdelighted 
to  honor.  •  -^-^-^ 

Andrew  Rothwell  Sheriff,  member  of  the  substantial  firm  of  Mc- 
Cordic  and  Sheriff,  is  a  native  of  Washington,  D.  C,  and  was  born 

April  8,  1872,  his  parents  being  George  Lewis  and 

Andrew  R.  ^^^^^  Borrows  (Rothwell)  Sheriff.  He  first  attend- 
ed  the  public  and  high  schools  of  the  national  capital, 
and  subsequently  pursued  a  professional  course  in  the  Georgetown 
University  Law  School,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1892  with 
the  degree  of  LL.  B.  Not  satisfied  with  his  proficiency,  he  entered 
the  Harvard  Law  School  and  in  1894  received  a  similar  degree  from 
the  more  famous  institution,  subsequently  pursuing  a  two  years'  course 
(1894-6)  at  Harvard  Cohege  and  Graduate  School.  He  left  the 
latter  with  a  fuU  A.  B.  degree,  and  in  1897  an  A.  M.  was  added  to 
his  titles,  as  a  reward  for  work  done  in  1895-6. 

Mr.  Sheriff's  record  from  1889  to  1896  was  that  of  a  remarkably 
capable  and  scholarly  young  man  and  member  of  the  bar.  In  1889-92 
he  was  employed  as  a  document  clerk  in  the  Smithsonian  Institution, 
Washington,  D.  C,  having  in  custody  the  scientific  publications  of  that 
great  institution,  and  for  one  of  his  age  the  position  was  one  of  unusual 
responsibility.  Admitted  to  the  bar  of  the  District  of  Columbia  July 
2,  1894,  he  acted  as  assistant  instructor  in  constitutional  law  at  Har- 
vard College  in  1895-6,  and  in  August  of  the  latter  year  came  to  Chi- 
cago to  engage  in  active  practice.  He  engaged  in  independent  pro- 
fessional work  until  February  i,  1898,  when  he  formed  a  partnership 
with  Alfred  E.  McCordic,  also  a  Harvard  graduate  in  law.  On  the 
1st  of  January,  1904,  Charles  Y.  Freeman  was  admitted  into  the  firm, 
which  still  retains  its  former  name  of  McCordic  and  Sheriff.     The 


THi.  . 

rUDHC   L 


ASTOR,  LENOX  AND 
riLDEN  FOUNOAHONS 


c2^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  763 

firm  is  largely  engaged  in  the  practice  of  corporation  law,  and,  through 
the  individual  connections  of  its  members,  in  the  conservation  of  im- 
portant business  and  commercial  interests;  Mr.  Sheriff  himself  is 
vice-president  and  director  of  the  Illinois  Car  and  Equipment  Com- 
pany and  secretary  and  director  of  the  Chicago  &  Calumet  River  Rail- 
road Company,  Mr.  Freeman  being  secretary  and  assistant  treasurer 
of  the  former  corporation.  Mr.  Sheriff  has  professional  membership 
in  the  American  Bar  Association,  the  Illinois  Bar  Association  and  the 
Chicago  Bar  Association,  and  as  a  university  man  is  identified  with 
Beta  Theta  Pi. 

Andrew  R.  Sheriff  was  married  in  Chicago,  October  17,  1900,  to 
Marguerite,  daughter  of  William  Hamilton  Mitchell,  and  they  have 
becoTne  the  parents  of  two  sons.  Rothwell  Mitchell  and  William  Ham- 
ilton Mitchell  Sheriff.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Republican  party,  and 
is  identified  with  the  Hamilton  and  Calumet  clubs.  As  an  Episcopalian 
he  is  a  vestryman  in  the  Trinity  church,  of  the  South  Side,  and  since 
becoming  a  resident  of  Chicago  has  been  active  in  the  work  of  the 
denomination. 

John  A.  Brown  is  the  junior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Kern  and 
Brown,  his  associate  being  Jacob  J.  Kern,  the  well  known  ex-state's 

attorney  and  one  of  the  able  representat'ives  of  the 

V,  ■  German-American  element  in  Chicago.    There  is  no 

Brown.  ,       •     ^,  •  ,  •  ,    •        ,  1         -    , 

hrm  m  Chicago  which  is  a  better  exemplar  ot  the 

restless,  yet  substantial  ability  and  the  never  failing  resourcefulness  of 
the  rising  lawyer  of  today,  than  that  of  which  Mr.  Brown  is  an  equal 
partner.  He  is  a  native  of  Tannersville,  Greene  county.  New  York, 
born  June  21,  1876,  the  son  of  James  and  Catherine  (Goggin)  Brown. 
John  A.  Brown  laid  the  foundation  of  his  legal  education  in  Chi- 
cago, under  private  tutors  and  at  the  North  Division  High  School. 
He  pursued  his  professional  studies  at  the  Kent  College  of  Law,  from 
which  he  graduated  in  1898  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.,  and  at  the 
Illinois  College  of  Law  (post-graduate  course)  by  which  in  1899  he 
was  honored  with  LL.  B.  and  LL.  M.  His  law  studies  were  com- 
menced while  occupying  the  position  of  clerk  of  the  circuit  court  under 
Frank  J.  Gaulter,  were  continued  in  the  office  of  Lackner  and  Butz, 
and  were  under  the  supervision  of  his  uncle.  Judge  Goggin  of  the 
superior  court.  His  first  intimate  business  relations  with  Mr.  Kern 
were  in  1896,  when  the  latter  retired  from  the  office  of  state's  attorney 


764  CPIICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  formed  a  partnership  with  Elisha  S.  Bottum,  Mr.  Brown  being 
employed  by  them  in  various  professional  capacities.  Mr.  Bottum 
died  in  1898.  Charles  D.  Fullen  became  an  associate  of  the  firm,  of 
Kern  and  Fullen,  and  Mr.  Brown  was  received  as  a  silent  oartner, 
the  partnership  assuming  its  present  name  at  the  retirement  of  Mr. 
Fullen  in  1900.  Mr.  Brown  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  January 
I,  1899,  and  to  the  United  States  Supreme  Court  May  31,  1904.  The 
scope  of  the  business  of  the  firm  with  which  he  is  identified  embraces 
both  civil  and  criminal  procedure,  and  the  formatioii,— development 
and  conservation  of  large  corporations  and  business  interests.  It  has 
been  an  opponent  in  all  of  the  late  board  of  trade  litigati&H'€»ver  quo- 
tations and  is  recognized  as  a  prominent  factor  in  the  commercial 
world. 

Mr.  Brown  is  a  member  of  the  Illinois  State  and  Chicago  Bar  asso- 
ciations and  of  the  legal  fraternity.  Phi  Alpha  Delta,  his  professional 
standing  being  emphasized  by  the  fact  that  he  is  also  a  trustee  of  the 
Illinois  College  of  Law.  He  is  a  member  of  the  directory  of,  and 
holds  legal  relations  with  many  corporations  and  business  enterprises. 
He  is  a  Democrat,  a  member  of  the  Central  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association;  is  a  life  member  of  the  Press  Club  of  Chicago  and  is 
very  prominent  in  the  Royal  Arcanum,  being  Past  Regent  of  the 
Illinois  Council  in.  that  fraternity.  In  politics,  he  is  a  Democrat ;  in 
religion  a  Catholic,  and  in  everything  earnest,  straightforward,  fertile 
and  forceful.  His  youth  and  vigor  give  promise  of  many  years  of 
usefulness  and  satisfaction.  When  "life's  fitful  fever"  shall  be  over, 
it  will  be  proper  for  the  memorist  fittingly  to  portray  a  character 
which  can  be  only  partially  developed  in  the  days  of  the  contempora- 
neous biographer. 

A  corporation  lawyer  of  high  individual  standing  and  senior  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  Gurley,  Stone  and  Wood,  William  W.  Gurley  is  an 

.  Ohio  man,  born  January  27,  1851,  his  parents  being 

William    W.     _  ,       t-         ,     .         -n     ^     /  a  %    ^-^     1 

P  John  J.    and   Anseville   C.    (Armentrout)    Gurley. 

After  graduating  from  the  Ohio  Wesleyan  Univer- 
sity in  1870,  he  read  law  in  his  father's  office,  but  prior  to  commencing 
practice  held  the  superintendency  of  the  Seville  (Ohio)  public  schools. 
This  experience  was  in  187 1-2,  and  in  June  of  1873  h^  was  admitted 
to  the  Ohio  bar. 

Mr.   Gurley  has  been  a  resident  and  a  practitioner  of  Chicago 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  765 

since  September,  1874,  and  although  liis  professional  work  in  the 
earlier  years  was  of  a  general  nature,  for  a  long  time  it  has  been 
almost  confined  to  corporation  law.  That  it  is  extensive  will  be  recog- 
nized when  it  is  stated  that  he  is  the  general  counsel  for  the  Chicago 
Railways  Company,  Chicago  Union  Traction  Company,  the  Receivers 
of  the  Chicago  Consolidated  Traction  Company,  the  Metropolitan 
West  Side  Elevated  Railway  Company,  Featherstone  Foundry  and 
Machine  Company  and  other  corporations.  He  is  also  a  director  of 
Wakem  &  Laughlin,  Incorporated;  Stearns  &  Culver  Lumber  Com- 
pany, Lyon  Cypress  Lumber  Company,  and  the  Baker  I^umber 
Company. 

October  30,  1878,  Mr.  Gurley  wedded  the  daughter  of  the  late 
Hon.  Joseph  Turney,  of  Cleveland,  Ohio — Miss  Mary  Eva  Turney, 
a  cultured  and  attractive  lady.  They  are  the  parents  of  one  daughter, 
Helen  Kathryn.  Mr.  Gurley  is  both  domestic  and  popular  socially, 
being  a  member  of  the  following  clubs :  Union  League,  Chicago,  Uni- 
versity, Chicago  Golf,  Exmoor  Country  and  Edgewater  Golf  clubs,  all 
of  Chicago,  and  also  the  Transportation  and  New  York  clubs  and 
the  Ohio  Society  of  New  York. 

Robert  Willis  Campbell,  member  of  the  firm  Knapp,  Haynie  and 
Campbell,  who  are  engaged  in  general  practice  and  are  general  counsel 

for  the  Illinois  Steel  Company  and  other  corpora- 

ROBERT  W.  .  .  .  r  T     r  i  t    i  o  .-i 

„  tions.  19  a  natn'e  01  Indiana,  born  July  30,  1074.  the 

son  of  Joseph  C.  and  Lena  (Nicoll)  Campbell.  He 
has  passed  most  of  his  life  in  California,  his  father  being  still  an  active 
practitioner  at  the  San  Francisco  bar.  Mr.  Campbell  was  educated 
primarily  in  the  public  schools  of  Stockton  and  San  Francisco,  grad- 
uating from  the  Boys'  High  School  of  the  latter  city,  now  known  as 
the  Lov/ell  High  School.  He  was  thus  prepared  to  enter  th.e  Leland 
Stanford,  Jr.,  University,  receiving  therefrom  the  degree  of  V>.  A. 
in  1896,  and  pursuing  a  professional  course  (1897-8)  at  the  Hastings 
College  of  Law,  San  Francisco. 

Mr.  Campbell  read  law  and  was  clerk  in  the  office  of  Reddy,  Camp- 
bell and  Metson,  San  Francisco,  until  April.  1899,  when  he  was  admit- 
ted to  the  California  bar  and  became  managing  clerk  for  the  firm 
named.  He  acted  in  that  capacity  until  1900,  when,  upon  the  death 
of  Mr.  Reddy,  he  was  admitted  to  a  partnership  under  the  firm  style 
of  Campbell,  Metson  and  Campbell. 


766  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Upon  coming  to  Chicago  in  May,  1904,  Mr.  Campbell  resigned 
his  connection  with  the  San  Francisco  firm  and  joined  with  Kemper 
K.  Knapp  and  William  D.  Haynie  in  the  formation  of  the  copartner- 
ship of  Knapp,  Haynie  and  Campbell,  in  the  building  up  of  whose 
profitable  and  high-class  business  he  has  done  his  full  share. 

Married  at  Wheaton,  Illinois,  September  10,  1901,  to  Miss  Bertha 
Gary,  daughter  of  Hon.  Elbert  H.  and  Julia  E.  (Graves)  Gary,  he 
has  become  by  her  the  father  of  one  child,  Julia  ^Elizabeth.  His 
father-in-law  is  widely  known  as  one  of  the  great  corporation  lawyers 
and  capitalists  of  the  east.  Mr.  Campbell  is  a  leading  Mason,  being 
a  Knight  Templar  and  member  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  identified 
with  the  Wheaton  Golf  Club — one  of  the  best  known  organizations  in 
the  country — and  with  the  University,  Union  League,  Hamilton  and 
IlHnois  Athletic  clubs.  In  religion  he  is  a  Methodist,  and  in  his  politi- 
cal affiliations,  an  unwavering  Republican. 

Henry  Crittenden  Morris,  lawyer  and  author,  is  one  of  the  most 

scholarly  members  of  the  Chicago  bar,  and  has  had  a  most  varied  ex- 

.  _,        perience  both  at  home  and  abroad.     As  lawyer,  au- 

Henry  C 

thor  and  a  student  of  literature  and  history,  he  is 

iViORRIS.  --  - 

well  known. 
Mr.  Morris  is  a  native  of  Chicago,  born  April  18,  1868,  the  son 
of  John  and  Susan  (Claude)  Morris.  Through  his  father's  family 
he  is  distantly  connected  with  William  Morris  of  England  and  Robert 
Morris,  the  financier  of  Revolutionary  times  and  fame,  while  on  his 
mother's  side  he  is  descended,  in  direct  line,  from  the  historic  Rev- 
erend John  Cotton,  of  Boston,  Massachusetts,  who  came  to  America 
in  1640.  He  pursued  his  preparatory  studies  in  the  academy  of  the 
old  Chicago  Universit)^,  during  1878-81,  afterward  attended  Buchtel 
College,  Akron,  Ohio,  and  Lombard  College,  Galesburg,  Illinois, 
graduating  from  the  latter  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1887;  subse- 
cjuently,  in  1890,  he  was  given  an  A.  M.  degree.  He  had  already 
traveled  and  studied  in  Europe  in  1882-83,  and  ten  years  later,  still 
a  young  man,  pursued  special  courses  in  languages,  history  and  litera- 
ture at  Leipzig,  Freiburg,  Paris  and  Ghent.  He  is  proficient  in 
eight  modern  languages  and  has  a  working  knowledge  of  several 
others.  In  1893  Mr.  Morris  was  appointed  United  States  Consul  at 
Ghent,  Belgium,  and  was  thus  able  to  bring  his  linguistic  ability  into 
the  service  of  the  government.    Because  of  this  proficiency,  his  general 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  767 

culture  and  unfailing  tact,  he  was  considered  one  of  the  most  valuable 
members  of  the  consular  service,  and  continued  his  connection  with 
it  for  five  years,  until  1898,  when  he  voluntarily  resigned.  While 
serving  in  this  capacity  he  wrote  about  two  hundred  reports  on  com- 
mercial, industrial  and  social  conditions  in  Belgium  and  other  Euro- 
pean countries  which  appeared  in  "Commercial  Relations  of  the  United 
States"  and  similar  governmeni  i)ublications. 


HENRY     C.     MORRIS. 


When  Mr.  Morris  returned  to  Chicago  in  1898  he  resumed  the 
practice  of  the  law,  in  which  he  had  already  made  some  progress, 
having  graduated  in  1889 — a  member  of  the  first  class — from  the 
Chicago  College  of  Law.  and  having  been  soon  afterward  admitted 
to  the  Illinois  bar ;  for  the  pa.st  ten  years  he  has  been  actively  engaged 
in  his  profession. 

Mr.  Morris  has  made  an  especially  thorough  study  of  all  matters 
connected  with  colonization;  his  "History  of  Colonization  from  the 
Earliest  Times  to  the  Present  Day"  is  considered  a  standard  publica- 
tion on  the  subject  by  all  those  who  arc  competent  to  judge.     He  has 


y68  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

also  done  some  work  in  the  local  field;  having  published  in  1902  the 
"History  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Chicago."  He  is  a  member 
of  the  American  Historical  Association,  American  Political  Science 
Association,  the  National  Geographic  Society,  the  Illinois  Historical 
Society,  the  Chicago  Historical  Society,  and  several  other  similar 
organizations.  In  December,  1906,  he  read  a  paper  before  the  Ameri- 
can Political  Science  Association  at  its  annual  meeting  in  Providence, 
Rhode  Island,  on  "Some  Effects  of  Outlying  Dejpendencies  on  the 
People  of  the  United  States,"  which  attracted  wide  ^d  favorable  at- 
tention, and  materially  increased  his  reputation  as  a  profound  and 
interesting  writer  on  colonization.  One  of  the  most  agreeable  tributes 
to  the  character  of  Mr.  Morris  as  a  scholar  and  a  cosmopolite  was  his 
selection  by  Chief  Justice  Fuller  of  the  supreme  court  of  the  United 
States  to  serve  as  his  personal  secretary  in  the  Muscat  Dhows  Arbi- 
tration before  the  International  Permanent  Court  at  The  Hague.  Mr. 
Morris  has  always  taken  much  interest  in  the  subject  of  beautification 
of  cities,  whether  through  the  landscape  gardener,  the  architect  or 
the  sculptor,  believing  in  municipal  art  as  a  powerful  force  in  the  eduT 
cation  and  general  progress  of  the  people.  The  Hamilton  Club,  of 
which  he  is  a  leading  member,  has  taken  up  the  subject  with  ardor, 
creating  at  his  suggestion  and  for  this  purpose  a  permanent  committee 
of  which  he  was  chairman  in  1904-6  and  again  in  1907-8.  He  was 
likewise  in  1907-8  a  member  of  the  editorial  staff  of  the  Hamiltonian; 
He  is  also  identified  with  the  Twentieth  Century,  Chicago  Literary 
and  New  Illinois  Athletic  clubs. 

Mr.  Morris'  religious  convictions  as  a  Universalist  are  firmly  root- 
ed. In  1 89 1 -2  he  was  president  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  (Uni- 
versalist) Union  of  Illinois  and  clerk  of  St.  Paul's  Universalist  Church, 
Chicago.  Since  1900  he  has  served  as  trustee  of  his  alma  mater,  Lom- 
bard College,  which  is  one  of  the  most  prominent  denominational  in- 
stitutions in  the  country;  in  T906-1908  he  was  also  president  of  its 
Association  of  Graduates.  He  has  always  been  eager  to  support  the 
cause  of  Universalism  and  in  these  days  of  liberality  of  thought  and 
charity  of  religious  attitude  his  denominational  views  have  had  a 
material  influence  upon  the  esteem  and  admiration  which  are  univer- 
sally accorded  him  as  a  man  of  broad  culture  and  a  useful  member  of 
society.  In  politics  Mr.  Morris  is  a  Republican ;  he  is  always  interest- 
ed in  maintaining  the  highest  standards  in  the  selection  of  men  foi 


aSD 


^^■nK,  _^:;.- ^T-^oNS 


C.  ARCH  WILLIAMS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  769 

office  and  the  elaboration  of  policies;  it  is  only  on  this  account  that  he 

takes  any  part  in  local  political  affairs. 

The  name  of  the  rich,  cultured  old  state  of  Ohio  is  associated,  in 

the  minds  of  the  men  of  the  middle  west,  with  courtesy,  sociability 

and  l>road  mentality.     The  public  figures  who  have 

,,/  emeroed  from  the  Buckeye  state  to  achieve  national 

Williams.  ^  .         .         ,.  .        •^,  .,      ,  ,      . 

reputations   m  politics,   philanthropy,   business  and 

the  professions,  have  a  certain  warmth  and  richness  of  texture  which 
has  come  to  be  considered  characteristic.  For  many  generations  Ohio 
has  been  to  what  was  formerly  the  middle  west,  what  Massachusetts 
still  is  to  New  England,  and  when  to  the,broad  and  deep  traits  of  her 
sons  are  added  the  invigorating  qualities  which  have  been  justly  ap- 
plied to  those  who  have  been  subjected  to  the  influences  of  a  long  resi- 
dence and  training  in  Illinois,  the  personal  resultant  stands  a  logical 
chance  of  being  a  potent  member  of  the  community. 

C.  Arch  Williams  is  a  typical  Ohio-Illinois  man  and  lawyer  and 
has  had  good  cause  to  congratulate  himself  on  the  state  of  his  birth 
and  that  of  his  adoption,  for  both  have  been  kind  to  him,  although 
not  beyond  the  measure  of  his  deserts.  He  was  born  in  Bryan,  Ohio, 
on  the  31st  of  May,  1869,  the  son  of  John  S.  and  Ella  N.  (Oldfield) 
Williams,  both  also  natives  of  his  state.  The  family  was  planted  in 
Pennsylvania  at  an  early  day,  whence  various  members  migrated  to 
his  birthplace.  He  obtained  the  foundation  of  his  education  in  the 
public  and  high  schools  of  Bryan,  and  after  graduating  from  his  lit- 
erary studies  he  engaged  in  mercantile  lines  several  years,  and  then 
made  up  his  mind  that  he  wished  to  abandon  the  business  world  alto- 
gether. The  practical  training,  however,  which  he  thus  obtained,  as 
well  as  his  experience  in  meeting  with  ease  and  assurance  all  classes 
of  people,  were  to  be  of  incalculable  benefit  to  him  in  his  future  career 
as  a  lawyer. 

Mr.  Williams  came  to  Chicago  in  1892  and  immediately  entered 
the  law  department  of  the  Lake  Forest  University,  now  the  Chicago- 
Kent  College  of  Law.  He  was  graduated  from  the  latter  in  1894,  was 
admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  and,  after  taking  a  post-graduate  course 
of  one  year,  received  his- degree  of  LL.  B.  and  entered  into  active  prac- 
tice. Until  July,  1903,  he  conducted  an  independent  practice,  but 
at  that  time,  upon  the  death  of  ex-Judge  Loomis,  formed  a  partner- 
ship with  his  son,  F.  S.  Loomis,  and  under  tlic  firm  name  of  Loomis 

Vol.    11— IS 


770  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  Williams  continued  a  growing  legal  business  until  July,  1906. 
Since  the  latter  date  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  copartnership  of 
Steere,  Williams  and  Steere,  and,  through  his  able  qualities  as  a  law- 
yer and  his  stable,  popular  traits  as  a  man,  has  continued  his  progress 
both  in  the  development  of  a  professional  reputation  and  a  profitable 
legal  business. 

Outside  of  the  field  of  the  law  Mr.  Wilhams  is  widel}^-fcnown  for 
his  fraternal  work,  and  is  one  of  the  most  prominent  figures  in  the 
Royal  Arcanum,  whose  growth  has  exceeded  that  of  any  order  of  its 
age  in  the  United  States.     The  secret  of  this  remarkable  progress  is 
that  it  has  had  the  good  fortune  to  attract  such  enthusiastic  and  un- 
tiring  propagandists  as  Mr.  Williams;  otherwise  it  would  have  been 
impossible  to  be  able  to  record  the  facts  that  since  the  organization 
of  the  Royal  Arcanum  in  Boston,  thirty  years  ago,  the  fraternity  has 
reached  a  membership  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  thousand,  of  which 
number  twenty-two  thousand  is  accredited  to  Illinois,  and  the  munifi- 
cent sum  of  $1 14,000,000  has  been  paid  out  to  the  widows  and  orphans 
of  those  who  have  been  welcomed  into  its  ranks.     For  several  years 
Mr.  Williams  has  been  among  the  most  prominent  members  of  the 
Royal  Arcanum  in  the  state,  has  held  all  the  line  offices  in  his  council, 
and  has  made  an  especially  fine  record  as  orator,  editor  and  practical 
worker  for  the  increase  of  membership.     His  editorship  of  the  organ 
of  Garden  City  Council,  as  well  as  of  the  Illinois  section  of  the  Royal 
Arcanum  Bulletin,  has  evinced  a  facile  pen  and  marked  journalistic 
.abilities  in  every  way.    To  emphasize  his  eminently  useful  service  for 
the  order,  in  April,  1907,  he  was  unanimously  elected  Grand  Regent 
of  Illinois,  the  highest  office  in  the  state,  and  although  still  on  the 
sunny  side  of  forty,  he  is  the  virtual  leader  of  more  than  twenty 
thousand  brothers  who  will  stake  their  all  on  the  absolute  good  faith  of 
C.  Arch  Williams  in  all  the  activities  of  the  strenuous  modern  life. 
He  is  an  active  worker  in  the  Sixth  ward,  and  a  member  of  the  Ham- 
ilton Club,  indicative  of  his  reliable  Republicanism,  and  in  1906-8  was 
associate  editor  of  the  Hamiltonian.     During  his  earlier  years  in  Chi- 
cago, while  a  student  at  law,  he  won  considerable  public  commenda- 
tion as  a  singer,  but  when  he  entered  active  practice  was  obliged  to 
place  his  talent  in  the  background,  although  it  has  been  brought  for- 
ward occasionally  to  the  unbounded  pleasure  of  his  fraternal  associates 
during  the  stated  social  entertainments  of  the  local  council.     Mr.  Wil- 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  771 

Hams  has  a  fine  library,  embracing  both  legal  and  general  literature, 
and  in  his  outward  characteristics  and  daily  life  evinces  every  mark 
of  the  cultured,  energetic,  able  and  progressive  lawyer  and  gentleman. 
It  would  be  difficult  to  name  an  American  who,  within  a  compara- 
tively brief  span  of  life  has  made  a  more  enduring  name  for  personal 

nobility  and  fine  public  service  than  the  late  William 

^  J.  Campbell.     Republicanism  was  bred  into  his  fam- 

Campbell.       r,         ,  .        ,  .  ,.  ,  ,  .       . 

ily  and  mto  lus  own  personality,  and  he  was  its  sin- 
cere and  unfaltering  apostle,  believing  and  preaching  by  word  and 
act  that  the  good  of  society  and  of  the  country  depended  upon  its  con- 
trol of  public  affairs.  Firm  and  enthusiastic  in  that  faith,  he  studied 
politics  as  a  science  that  he  might  do  his  full  part  in  continuing  to 
apply  those  principles  of  public  polity  to  the  government  of  his  coun- 
try which  he  believed  in  his  heart  to  be  right  and  most  beneficial  to 
all.  While  he  was  therefore  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  skillful 
politicians  in  the  country,  he  was  honored  with  the  almost  unique  dis- 
tinction of  holding  himself  above  trickery  and  of  viewing  and  manipu- 
lating politics  on  a  broad  and  high  plane.  He  was  the  statesman  and 
Christian  gentleman  in  politics,  and  in  him  was  closely  personified  the 
following  general  law  as  laid  down  by  a  distinguished  American 
author :  "The  more  the  Christian  gentleman  knows,  the  better  politi- 
cian he  will  make,  and  in  him,  and  in  him  only,  will  scholarship  come 
to  its  finest  issue  in  politics." 

William  James  Campbell  was  born  December  12,  1850,  in  the  city 
of  Philadelphia,  and  the  old-time  spirit  of  "brotherly  love"  seemed  to 
have  been  implanted  in  him.  The  son  of  John  and  Mary  Campbell, 
sturdy,  reliable  Scotch-Irish  people,  his  parents  came  to  the  west 
during  his  infancy  and  settled  in  Bloom  township,  Cook  county.  The 
boy  divided  his  time  between  his  father's  farm  and  the  local  schools, 
the  combined  training  fashioning  him  into  an  intelligent  and  reliable 
youth.  Later  he  mastered  the  higher  branches  in  the  Bloom  township 
high  school.  Lake  Forest  Academy  and  the  University  of  Pennsyl- 
vania. He  left  the  last  named  institution,  however,  before  receiving 
his  degree,  and,  returning  to  Chicago,  became  a  student  in  the  Union 
College  of  Law,  where  he  completed  the  prescribed  course.  He  at 
once  entered  practice,  and  almost  from  that  time  until  his  death  was 
a  prominent  figure  in  legal  circles  and  an  influential  factor  in  politics. 
For  some  months  before  and  after  his  graduation  he  was  in  the  law 


^72.  CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 

office  of  William  C.  Goudy,  then  one  of  the  leading  corporation  at- 
torneys of  the  city.  With  this  gentleman  Mr.  Campbell  studied  for 
about- two  years,  the  association  materially  broadening  and  strength- 
ening his  legal  outlook.  In  1879  ^^  formed  a  partnership  with  Jacob 
R.  Custer,  which  continued  until  his  death.  The  firm  of  Campbell 
and  Custer  soon  acquired  a  large  practice.  Mr.  Campbell  confined 
himself  to  the  duties  of  counsel,  his  time  being  fully  occupied  by  the 
important  and  involved  affairs  of  a  number  of  the  largest  business 
houses  and  corporations  of  Chicago.  He  became  as  well  known  in 
New  York  as  in  Chicago,  and  there  had  business  connections  which 
yielded  the  firm  of  Campbell  and  Custer  a  handsome  income. 

Mr.  Campbell's  connection  with  poHtics  commenced  in  1878,  after 
he  had  graduated  from  the  Union  College  of  Law  but  while  he  was 
still  studying  under  the  inspiring  tutelage  of  Mr.  Goudy.  From  that 
year  until  1886  he  represented  the  country  district  of  Cook  county  in 
the  Illinois  senate,  of  which  body  he  was  elected  president  at  three 
consecutive  sessions — a  distinction  seldom  accorded  one  of  his  years 
and  experience.  In  1891  he  became  the  Illinois  member  of  the  na- 
tional Republican  committee  to  succeed  Colonel  George  R.  Davis,  re- 
signed; in  1892  was  re-elected  and  shortly  afterward  was  made  a 
member  of  the  executive  committee.  In  that  capacity  his  work  was 
of  such  a  noticeable  order  that  he  was  not  only  re-elected  in  1892,  but 
in  June  of  that  year  was  unanimously  chosen  chairman  of  the  com- 
mittee. On  account  of  pressing  professional  and  business  duties  he 
declined  the  honor,  although  urgently  urged  to  accept  it  by  the  most 
prominent  statesmen  and  politicians  throughout  the  country.  Despite 
his  aggressiveness  and  positiveness,  Mr.  Campbell's  methods  were  so 
open  and  devoid  of  personal  animosity  that  he  made  many  warm 
friends  in  the  political  world.  He  took  a  comprehensive  view  of  the 
political  situation,  saw  where  work  was  most  needed,  and  brought  his 
forces  to  bear  in  strengthening  the  weakest  points.  As  a  strong,  yet 
diplomatic  political  manager  he  has  therefore  been  seldom  equaled. 

In  1876  Mr.  Campbell  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Rebecca 
McEldowney,  of  Bloom,  Cook  county,  and  they  became  the  parents  of 
five  children — Mary,  William  James,  Herbert  John,  Allan  Walter 
and  Edward  Custer.  Mary,  the  eldest  of  the  family,  was  married  in 
1898  to  Louis  Sherman  Taylor,  treasurer  of  the  manufacturing  de- 
partment of  the  Pullman  Company,  being  the  mother  of  two  children 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUxNTY  773 

— Helen  Campbell  and  William  Campbell  Taylor.  William  James, 
who  is  iu  the  employ  of  Armour  &  Co.,  was  united  in  marriage,  in 
1904,  to  Miss  Rena  Lawrence.  Herbert  John  is  a  member  of  the 
Chicago  bar. 

In  his  domestic  life  the  deceased  showed  in  a  touching  manner  the 
sympathetic,  warm  and  mellow  traits  of  character  which  were  neces- 
sarily hidden  from  the  professional  and  public  eyes.  For  the  first  ten 
years  of  his  married  life  Mr.  Campbell  lived  at  Blue  Island,  and  in 
1887  moved  to  the  village  of  Riverside,  Illinois,  where  he  established 
a  beautiful  and  cultured  home,  the  faithful  and  attractive  wife  and 
mother  throwing  that  spirit  over  and  around  it  without  which  home  is 
nothing. 

From  his  earliest  connection  with  that  picturesque  and  artistic 
suburb,  Mr.  Campbell  was  deeply  interested  in  its  welfare,  and  evinced 
his  interest  by  actively  participating  in  its  government  and  in  all  move- 
ments designed  to  add  to  its  conveniences  and  attractiveness.  For 
seven  years  he  was  president  of  the  board  of  trustees,  and  during  that 
period  watched  with  the  keenest  interest  and  pleasure  every  detail  of 
the  municipal  work.  He  projected  many  \illage  improvements,  and 
it  is  largely  due  to  his  watchful  and  tireless  exertions  that  Riverside 
is  today  one  of  the  most  beautiful  suburban  villages  in  the  United 
States.  A  trustee  of  the  Riverside  Presbyterian  church,  he  gave  lib- 
erally to  that  organization,  anil  extended  its  benevolences  far  beyond 
the  pale  of  any  religious  sect.  Among,  the  secular  institutions  with 
which  he  was  identified  in  a  marked  degree  was  the  Armour  Insti- 
tute of  Technology.  After  Dr.  Gunsaulus,  he  was  considered  its  most 
valued  supporter,  and  the  words  of  the  founder  of  the  institute  are 
therefore  of  special  force :  "He  supported  four  or  five  young  men  in 
the  institute,  and  his  two  sons  attended  there.  He  was  a  benevolent 
man,  and  he  believed  in  a  Christian  as  well  as  a  benevolent  education. 
He  was  ready  with  his  time  and  money  to  aid  young  men;  he  believed 
in  the  education  of  the  hands,  the  brain  and  the  heart — the  democracy 
that  lifts  instead  of  pulls  down;  and  he  gave  himself  thoroughly  to  his 
genuine  love  for  young  men." 

Mr.  Campbell  was  a  valued  member  of  various  social  organiza- 
tions, including  the  Union  League  Club,  the  Chicago  Club,  the  Chi- 
cago Athletic  Association  and  the  Lawyers'  Club  of  New  York,  and 
at  the  time  of  his  decease  was  a  trustee  of  Armour  Institute  and  Ar- 


774  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

mour  Mission.  He  died  after  a  brief  illness,  from  an  attack  of  pneu- 
monia, on  the  4th  of  March,  1896,  in  the  forty-sixth  year  of  his  age, 
bearing  with  him  the  fond  memories  not  only  of  those  to  whom  he 
was  knit  by  domestic  ties,  but  countless  friends  whose  affection  for 
him  had  only  increased  with  the  years  of  his  loyalty.  After  his  death 
resolutions  of  sympathy  and  respect  were  passed  by  the  Illinois  Re- 
publican state  convention,  the  national  Republican  committee,  by 
numerous  clubs  and  societies,  by  the  directors  of  Armour  Institute 
and  the  Riverside  board  of  trustees.  But  the  real  worth  of  tl^e  de- 
ceased was  not  revealed  by  such  public  testimonials,  impressive 
though  they  were;  it  was  from  the  pages  of  the  private  letters  which 
flowed  in  a  torrent  to  the  bereft  widow  and  family  that  might  be 
demonstrated  the  abiding  influence  for  good  which  radiated  from  the 
life  of  William  J.  Campbell. 

Harlan  Ward  Cooley,  a  well  known  attorney  engaged  in  general 
practice,  is  a  native  of  the  national  capital,  where  he  was  born  on  the 

29th  of  January,  1866,  the  son  of  D.  N.  and  Clara 
„  '       (Aldrich)  Cooley.    His  father  was  commissioner  of 

Indian  Affairs  under  President  Lincoln. 

Harlan  W.  Cooley  was  educated  at  Phillips  Academy,  Andover, 
Massachusetts,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1884,  afterward  pur- 
suing a  four  years'  course  at  Yale  University,  from  which  he  received 
the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1888.  He  commenced  his  law  studies  at  Yale 
and  continued  them  at  the  Union  College  of  Law,  Chicago,  being  ad- 
mitted to  the  Illinois  bar  in  1890.  Since  that  year  he  has  been  in 
general  practice  in  this  city,  and  since  1905  resident  vice-president  and 
general  counsel  of  the  American  Fidelity  Company,  of  Montpelier, 
•Vermont.  He  has  acquired  considerable  property  and  financial  inter- 
ests at  Dell  Rapids,  South  Dakota,  having  since  1890  been  vice-presi- 
dent of  the  First  National  Bank  of  that  place,  as  well  as  president  of 
the  Dell  Rapids  Elevator  Company. 

Mr.  Cooley  has  always  retained  his  close  identification  with  his 
college  societies,  being  now  connected  with  Psi  Upsilon,  Skull  and 
Bones,  and  Phi  Beta  Kappa.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Law  Club, 
the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  Yale  Club,  the  Hamilton  Club,  the 
Twentieth  Century  Club,  the  Quadrangle  Club,  and  the  Sons  of  the 
American  Revolution. 


ayt.£ix<^7^  ^^^-ff^-^^^ 


THE  NEW  YORK 
PUBLIC  LIBRARY 


AOTOE,  LENOX  AND 
TIL-DEN  FOUNDATIONS 
1  h 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  775 

Married  at  Seymour,  Connecticut,  September  22,  1892,  to  Nellie 
Wooster,  daughter  of  L.  T.  Wooster  and  Julia  (Smith)  Wooster, 
he  has  become  the  father  of  two  children,  Julia  and  Harlan.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  a  Republican,  in  religion  a  Methodist,  and  in  general  charac- 
ter a  gentleman  and  an  able  lawyer. 

For  more  than  thirty  years  one  of  the  masters  in  chancery  of  the 
circuit  court  of  Cook  county,  Horatio  Loomis  Wait  is  one  of  the  most 

familiar  and  thoroughly  respected  personalities  now 
^  '      identified  with  the  practice  of  law  in  Chicago.  More- 

over, he  is  a  settler  of  over  fifty  years'  standing,  dur- 
ing a  decade  of  that  period  being  connected,  in  an  active  and  promi- 
nent capacity,  with  the  naval  service  of  the  United  States.  He  com- 
menced the  practice  of  his  profession  about  a  year  before  the  great 
Chicago  fire,  and  has  therefore  been  a  continuous  witness  of  the  won- 
derful expansion  and  developm.ent  of  the  new  metropolis  into  one  of 
the  great  cities  of  the  world.  He  first  saw  it  as  a  raw  young  city, 
barely  able  to  struggle  from  the  mud  of  the  prairies,  and,  although 
now  a  venerable  figure,  finds  himself  among  the  strenuous  activities 
of  a  city  which  has  shouldered  its  way  past  Boston,  St.  Louis  and 
Philadelphia,  and  will  soon  be  pushing  New  York  for  first  place  as 
the  metropolis  of  America.  He  is  one  of  the  favored  few  who,  in 
the  span  of  one  life,  has  resided  in  a  community  of  such  rapid  ad- 
vancement that  he  has  witnessed  a  municipal  development  which  ac- 
cording to  the  usual  order  of  history  would  have  been  impossible  of 
accomplishment  in  a  century;  and  better  still  to  relate,  he  himself  has 
been  an  active  and  ever  constant  force  in  this  speedy  progress. 

Horatio  L.  Wait  is  a  native  of  New  York  City,  where  he  was  born 
on  the  8th  of  August,  1836,  being  the  son  of  Joseph  and  Harriet 
(Whitney)  Wait.  He  received  his  preliminary  education  at  the  Trin- 
ity School,  of  his  native  city,  and  was  fitted  for  college  at  the  Colum- 
bia College  Grammar  School.  In  1856,  however,  before  commencing 
a  regular  course  in  the  higher  branches  he  came  to  Chicago,  and  was 
employed  in  the  office  of  J.  Young  Scammon,  the  lawyer  and  public 
spirited  citizen.  The  issues  of  the  Civil  war  stirred  him  deeply,  and 
the  actual  conflict  was  the  means  of  effectually  barring  out  his  legal 
studies  for  a  number  of  years. 

In  1 86 1  Judge  Wait  first  enlisted  in  Company  D,  Sixtieth  Regi- 


770  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

ment,  Illinois  Volunteer  Infantry,  but  shortly  afterward  entered  the 
naval  service  as  paymaster,  with  the  rank  of  master.  In  this  capacity 
he  served  under  Admirals  Dupont  and  Farragut,  in  blockading  Sav- 
annah, Pensacola  and  Mobile,  and  later  was  assigned  to  Admiral 
Dahlgren's  flagship  at  the  bombardment  of  Fort  Sumter  and  the  siege 
of  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  until  its  capitulation.  Mr.  Wait  found 
the  service  so  much  to  his  liking  and  his  services  were  so  highly  ap- 
preciated by  his  superior  officers  that  at  the  conclusioiii  pf  the  war 
he  joined  the  European  squadron,  on  the  United  Statesr-^feip  "Ino," 
and  before  the  conclusion  of  the  year  1865  was  promoted  to  pay- 
master, with  the  rank  of  lieutenant-commander.  For  five  years  longer 
he  continued  with  Uncle  Sam's  squadrons  in  various  capacities  and 
in  various  parts  of  the  world,  and  in  1870  resigned  his  commission 
to  become  a  permanent  landsman  in  Chicago  and  resume  his  legal 
studies,  so  long  interrupted  in  the  interest  of  his  country. 

Having  prosecuted  his  studies  in  the  office  of  Barker  and  Tuley 
with  fresh  vigor,  after  his  long  absence  from  such  confining  duties, 
Mr.  Wait  passed  a  creditable  examination  which  admitted  him  to 
practice  before  the  Illinois  bar,  forming  soon  afterward  a  partnership 
with  Joseph  N.  Barker,  his  former  preceptor,  under  the  firm  name  of 
Barker  and  Wait,  which  later  became  Barker,  Buell  and  Wait.  Mr. 
Wait's  private  practice  of  six  years  showed  him  to  be  firmly  grounded 
in  the  principles  of  the  law,  and,  noticeably,  of  a  judicial  temperament. 
A  lawyer  also  of  unimpeachable  integrity  and  possessed  of  popular 
personal  qualities,  it  was  eminently  appropriate  that  in  1876  he  should 
receive  the  appointment  of  master  in  chancery  of  the  circuit  court,  and 
that,  in  view  of  his  impartiality,  courtesy,  promptness,  and  unfailing 
rectitude  and  ability,  he  should  have  continued  to  discharge  the  duties 
of  the  position  to  the  present  time.  He  has  long  been  a  valued  mem- 
ber of  the  Chicago  Bar  and  the  Illinois  State  Bar  associations,  while 
his  naval  experience  is  recalled  by  his  life  membership  in  the  Farragut 
Boat  Club  and  his  activity  in  the  organization  of  the  Illinois  Naval 
Reserve. 

Judge  Wait  was  married  May  7,  i860,  to  Chara  Conant  Long, 
and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  James  Joseph  and  Henry  Heile- 
man  Wait.  For  many  years  he  has  been  known  as  an  earnest  and 
prominent  Episcopalian.     He  is  a  vestryman  of  St.  Paul's  Episcopal 


THE  NEW  YORK 

PUBLIC  LIBRARY 


ASTOR,   LEXOX  AND 
TILDE.N   KOUMiATlONS 
fi  L 


CHICAGO    AXD    COOK    COLXiV  -j-jj 

church,  Hyde  Park,  has  been  eiigagetl  in  its  Sunday  school  work,  and 

was  previously  superintendent  of  the  Tyng  Mission  Sunday  school. 

He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Charity  Organization  Society. 

later  merged  into  the  Relief  and  Aid  Society;  is  a  Companion  of  the 

Loyal  Legion,  and,  during  his  residence  of  forty  years  in  Chicago, 

has  been  a  citizen  of  the  highest  mind  and  acts — the  firm  upholder  of 

public  charities  which  appealed  to  his  sense  of  justice  and  utility,  and 

the  dispenser  of  private  benevolences  to  the  full  extent  of  his  means 

and  strength. 

Jacob  Newman  has  been  a  niemljcr  of  the  Chicago  Ijar  iox  many 

years  and  is  now  the  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Newman, 

Northrup,  Levinson  and  Becker. 

^T  He  was  born  in  Germany,  November  12,  18:;^, 

Newman.  .  ^^ 

the  son  ot  Salmon  and  Paulme  (Lewis)   New'man. 

His  parents  came  to  the  United  States  when  he  was  four  years  of  age 
and  settled  on  a  farm  in  Butler  county,  Ohio.  The  subject  of  this 
sketch  was  early  throwai  upon  his  own  resources.  From  Jacksonburg, 
Butler  county,  Ohio,  he  moved  to  Noblesville,  Indiana,  where  he  at- 
tended the  public  schools  until  he  came  to  Chicago  in  the  summer  of 
1867.  In  the  larger  city  he  found  greater  opportunities,  and  after 
working  hard  for  two  years  he  saved  enough  money  to  enable  him  to 
enter  and  continue  his  studies  at  the  old  University  of  Chicago.  Dur- 
ing the  whole  of  his  four  years  in  college  he  worked  and  paid  his  own 
wa}'. 

Mr.  Newman  graduated  from  the  Chicago  College  of  Law  in  1875 
and  immediately  formed  a  partnership  with  Judge  Graham  under  the 
firm  name  of  Graham  and  Newman.  This  copartnership  lasted  about 
three  years,  when  Judge  Graham  moved  west,  and  ]\Ir.  Newman  con- 
tinued the  practice  alone  until  the  spring  of  1882.  In  that  year  he 
formed  a  copartnership  with  Adolph  Aloses  under  the  name  of  Moses 
and  Newman,  which  firm  was  well  known  for  many  years  at  the  Chi- 
cago bar.  In  1890  Mr.  Newman  retired  from  the  firm  and  formed 
the  present  firm  of  Newman,  Northrup,  Le\inson  and  Becker. 

Mr.  Newnnan  is  a  tirm  Republican  and  is  a  member  of  the  Union 
Leauue.  Standard  and  Ravisloe  Countrv  clubs.  He  was  married  Mav 
30,  1888,  to  Miss  Minnie,  daughter  of  Hugo  Goodman,  and  is  the 
father  of  John  Hugo,  Elisabeth  and  George  Ingham  Newman. 


778  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Emil  C.  Wetten,  first  assistant  corporation  counsel  of  the  city  of 
Chicago,  is  a  native  Chicagoan,  his  education,  professional  training 

and  entire  experience  being  identified  with  the  west- 
ern metropolis.  He  is  a  graduate  of  the  Chicago 
College  of  Law  (law  department  of  the  Lake  Forest 
University)  and  the  University  of  Michigan,  and  has  received  the 
degree  of  LL.  B.  He  is  a  member  of  the  law  firm^of  JEddy,  Haley 
and  Wetten,  and  devoted  himself  exclusively  to  his  practice  until  1907, 
when  he  accepted  the  position  of  assistant  corporation  counsel. 

For  many  years  Mr.  Wetten  has  been  an  active  Republican,  in 
1 906- 1 907  serving  as  president  of  the  Hamilton  Club,  and  is  regarded 
as  among  the  active  and  progressive  leaders  of  that  organization 
and  the  party  at  large.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Union  League 
and  Colonial  clubs,  and,  in  his  more  strict  professional  relations,  is 
actively  connected  with  the  Chicago  and  Illinois  State  Bar  associa- 
tions. He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Delta  Chi  fraternity,  a  thirty-second 
degree  Mason  and  a  Shriner. 

Edward  S.  Whitney  is  of  the  younger  generation  of  lawyers  en- 
gaged in  the  substantial  practice  of  corporation  law  in  Chicago,  be- 

ing  a  member  of  the  well-known  firm  of   Sears, 

Meagrher  and  Whitney,  of  which  the  senior  is  Na- 
Whitney.  . 

thaniel  C.  Sears,  ex-judge  of  the  superior  court  of 

Cook  county.  Mr.  Whitney  is  a  native  of  Bennington,  New  Hamp- 
shire, born  October  12,  1867,  the  son  of  Nathan  and  Charlotte  M. 
(Belcher)  Whitney,  natives  respectively  of  Massachusetts  and  Ver- 
mont. During  his  active  business  life  the  father  was  a  paper  manu- 
facturer, and  is  now  living  in  comfortable  retirement. 

Edward  S.  Whitney  received  a  thorough  education,  passing  from 
the  grammar  schools  of  Bennington  to  the  academy  at  Francestown, 
New  Hampshire,  and  finally  graduating  from  the  Arms  Academy  at 
Shelburne  Falls,  Massachusetts,  in  the  year  1885.  In  1890  he  re- 
ceived the  degree  of  A.  B.  from  Amherst  College,  and  in  1893  Har- 
vard University  conferred  upon  him  the  degrees  of  A.  M.  and  LL.  B. 
In  February  of  that  year  he  v/as  admitted  to  the  Suffolk  county  bar 
of  Massachusetts,  and  in  the  following  November,  being  admitted  to 
the  bar  of  Illinois,  he  located  in  Chicago  for  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession. Mr.  Whitney's  independent  career  was  of  such  notable 
progress  that  in  April,  1902,  he  became  a  member  of  his  present  co- 


not  m'il'm     I 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  779 

partnership,  his  partners  being-  old  and  prominent  practitioners  and 
the  entire  combination  presenting  marked  features  of  legal  strength. 
Their  practice  is  already  extensive  and  rapidly  growing. 

On  the  14th  of  September,  1898,  Mr.  Whitney  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Grace  A.  Kerruish,  at  Clevekifd.  the  home  of  the  bride, 
the  children  of  the  union  being  Margaret  and  Miriam.  Mr.  Whitnev 
retains  his  collegiate  affiliations  by  his  membership  in  Phi  Beta  Kappa 
and  Delta  Kappa  Epsilon.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican  and  is  iden- 
tified with  the  stalwart  Union  League  Club. 

Charles  F.  Lowy,  of  the  law  firm  of  Winston,  Lowy  and  McGinn, 
with  offices  in  the  Stock  Exchange  building,  has  obtained  a  firm  stand- 

ing  among  the  rising  young  attorneys  of  the  city, 
J  *      and  that,  although  he  is  of  foreign  birth  and  has 

been  a  resident  of  Chicago  only  about  sixteen  years. 
He  was  born  in  Bohemia,  June  17,  1874,  and  received  his  literary 
training  in  the  public  and  normal  school  at  Humpolec,  in  his  native 
country,  as  well  as  in  one  ot  the  high  schools  of  Vienna,  Austria. 
Thus  mentally  equipped,  he  came  to  the  United  States  in  1891,  be- 
ing naturally  attracted  to  Chicago,  which  contains  the  largest  Bo- 
hemian element  of  any  city  in  the  United  States.  Locating  in  this 
city  during  the  year  of  his  arrival  in  America  he  busied  himself  at 
various  pursuits,  but  soon  commenced  to  become  interested  in  legal 
matters  and  studies.  At  length  he  was  enabled  to  pursue  a  regular 
professional  course  in  the  law  department  of  the  Lake  Forest  Uni- 
versity, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1900. 

Charles  F.  Lowy  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  Illinois  bar 
in  1901,  and  since  then  has  been  industriously,  energetically,  intelli- 
gently and  successfully  pursuing  his  well-chosen  career.  From  the 
time  of  his  admission  until  1906  he  maintained  his  ofiice  at  No.  89 
Clark  street,  in  the  latter  year  becoming  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Winston,  Lowy  and  McGinn  and  removing  to  the  Stock  Exchange 
offices.  In  1902  Mr.  Lowy  had  been  admitted  to  practice  before  the 
United  States  circuit  court  of  appeals,  and  since  that  time,  both  in- 
dividually and  in  connection  with  his  partnership  practice,  has  been 
in  charge  of  numerous  cases  tried  before  that  tribunal  and  the  Illi- 
nois supreme  court.  His  practice  has  been  largely  confined  to  the 
law  of  corporations,  he  being  the  counsel  for  a  number  of  brewing 


78o  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

companies.  Mr.  Lowy's  continuous  progress  to  his  present  substan- 
tial standing  has  been  the  pure  result  of  personal  exertions  and  worth, 
as  he  has  never  been  able  to  apply  the  influences  of  family  influence 
or  inherited  wealth  to  his  individual  affairs.  Fortunately,  he  located 
in  a  city  where  he  had  many  brothers  in  the  unaided  struggle  for 
advancement,  and  where  those  who  have  fought  their  way  to  an  ad- 
vanced position  are  quick  to  recognize  merit  and  manliness. 

In  1905  Mr.  Lowy  again  evinced  his  common  sense  and  appfeiya- 
tion  of  complete  Americanism  by  taking  to  himself  a  wife  in  the  pei:- 
son  of  Miss  Belle  Friend,  of  Chicago.  They  have  one  daughter 
Lucile.  Mr.  Lowy  is  a  Mason,  in  affiliation  with  Keystone  LoUge 
No.  639,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F.  and  the  Sons  of 
Israel.  With  the  last-named  fraternity  he  is  very  closely  identified, 
serving,  in  1907,  as  delegate  to  the  United  States  Grand  Lodge  at 
Atlantic  City.  He  belongs  lo  the  Phoenix  Club,  and  is,  all  in  all, 
a  fine  type  of  a  thoroughly  Americanized  citizen  of  foreign  blood 
and  broad  education,  drawn  partly  from  his  native  land  and  partly 
from  the  country  of  his  enthusiastic  adoption. 

Before  coming  to  Chicago  in  1896,  Watson  Jared  Ferry,  now  a 
corporation  lawyer  of  standing  in  Chicago,  had  accomplished  good 

public  service  in  two  states.     He  was  born  in  Pres- 

■r-  ton,  Chenango  countv,  New  York,  on  the  27th  of 

Ferry.  ^^  '  o  ■,       ^      ,      1  ,   ,• 

March,  I044,  and  received  a  thorough  literary  train- 
ing in  the  Albany  (N.  Y. )  Academy  and  the  St.  Lawrence  University 
of  New  York.  Graduating  from  the  latter,  in  1861,  he  took  up  his 
law  studies  in  various  offices  at  Canton  and  New  York  City,  and  in 
1867  was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  bar  of  New  York  state. 

From  1867  until  1871  Mr.  Ferry  was  engaged  in  professional 
labors  at  St.  Lawrence,  New  York,  and  during  that  period  served 
as  special  county  judge  for  two  years,  under  appointment  from 
Governor  Hoffman.  In  1871  he  removed  to  Kansas  City,  Missouri, 
and  resumed  his  practice  there,  but  during  the  quarter  of  a  century 
of  his  residence  in  the  western  city  he  came  into  considerable  prom- 
inence as  a  public  functionary.  From  1883  to  1884  he  served  as  a 
member  qf  the  general  assembly  -  from  Kansas  City,  was  police  com- 
missioner from  1884  to  1890,  and  subsequently  became  a  member 
of  the  military  staff  of  Governor  Marmaduke.     While  practicing  in 


THE  NEW  YOllK 
PUBLIC  LlBllAllY 


AffTOR,  LEWIX  ASP 
TILDEN  FOUNDATIONS 

B  ^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  781 

Kansas  City  he  had  as  a  law  partner  the  late  TTon.  George  W. 
McCrary,  formerly  a  member  of  Congress  from  Iowa,  secretary  of 
war  under  President  Hayes,  later  United  States  circuit  judge,  and 
a  commanding  figure  of  national  prominence,  who  died  in  189 1. 

Mr.  Ferry  located  in  Chicago  in  1896,  and  since  that  time  his 
practice  has  been  mainly  along  lines  of  corporation  law.  In  addition 
to  his  private  practice,  he  has  been  connected  in  a  semi-official  capacity 
with  much  litigation  for  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company. 

In  politics  Mr.  Ferry  has  always  been  an  aggressive  Democrat.  He 
is  an  Episcopalian  and  since  coming  to  Chicago  has  been  an  active 
member  of  the  St.  Paul's  Fpiscopal  church.  He  is  also  identified  with 
the  Chicago,  Washington  Park  and  South  Shore  Country  clubs,  being 
both  of  a  social  disposition  and  a  firm  believer  in  the  efficacy  of  an 
indulgence  in  outdoor  recreation. 

For  sixteen  years  one  of  the  most  prominent  practitioners  at  the 
Minnesota  bar  and  since  1898  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  deeply- 

read  lawyers  in  Chicago,  George  Henry  White,  is 

,^.  ■       now  a  member  of  the  firm  of  White.   Mabie  and 

White. 

Conkey.  He  is  a  native  of  Union  Village.  Wash- 
ington county.  New  York,  born  on  the  12th  of  September.  1854. 
being  the  son  of  James  and  Caroline  E.  (Cunningham)  White,  both 
natives  of  the  Empire  state.  Of  his  parents,  the  father  was  born  in 
New  York  City  and  is  deceased,  while  the  mother,  a  native  of  Glens 
Falls,  New  York,  is  a  resident  of  Harvard,  Illinois. 

George  H.  White  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  New  York.  Illinois  and  Wisconsin.  i)ursuing  a  higher  course  in 
the  Badger  state  at  the  Sharon  Normal  Institute,  in  Walworth  coun- 
ty. Thereafter  he  entered  the  Northwestern  University,  Evanston, 
and  in  1875  graduated  from  that  institution  with  the  degree  of  I'li. 
D.  He  then  commenced  his  professional  studies,  and  in  1880  was 
admitted  to  practice  before  tlie  Iowa  bar;  t(^  the  California  bar  in 
1 88 1,  and  to  the  bar  of  Wisconsin  in  1882.  During  the  last-named 
year  he  removed  to  Minnesota  and,  securing  aflmission  to  the  bar  of 
that  state,  commenced  his  long,  active  and  honorable  practice  there. 

Mr.  White  came  to  Chicago  in  1898.  and  lias  since  been  admit- 
ted to  practice  in  all  of  tlie  stale  courts  and  the  United  States  district 
and  circuit  courts.     He  is  a  lawyer  of  thorough  reliability  and  ability. 


782  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

and  the  firm  of  which  he  is  the  senior  member,  although  young  in 
years,  has  already  obtained  a  substantial  standing.  Mr.  White's 
high  standing  personally  is  evidenced  by  his  appointment  in  April, 
1907,  to  the  responsible  position  of  city  prosecuting  attorney  of  the 
city  of  Chicago.  In  politics,  he  has  been  a  life-long  and  an  uncom- 
promising Republican,  and  has  always  done  his  full  share  in  promot- 
ing the  interests  of  his  party.  A^' 

In  1886  Mr.  White  was  wedded  to  Miss  Cora  H.  Anmf^'a'^native 
of  Sandusky,  Ohio,  by  whom  he  has  had  two  childri^n,  Vernon  A. 
and  Gladys  C.  His  fraternal  connections  are  high,  as  a  Mason  being 
a  member  of  the  blue  lodge,  chapter,  a  Knight  Templar  and  Shriner. 
He  is  not  a  formal  member  of  any  religious  sect,  but  is  a  regular  at- 
tendant at  the  services  of  the  Methodist  church,  of  which  he  is  a 
stanch  and  liberal  supporter.  In  disposition  he  is  earnest,  straightfor- 
ward and  unassuming,  and  all  his  life  has  been  a  great  student,  his 
readings  and  studies  extending  into  many  fields  outside  the  province 
of  his  profession.  This  latter  trait  has  given  him  a  breadth  of  view 
and  depth  of  research  which  are  forcibly  manifested  in  his  practice 
and  character  as  a  lawyer  and  citizen. 

Clarence  W.  Taylor,  attorney  and  counselor  at  law,  and  a  widely 

known  solicitor  for  patents,  practicing  in  Chicago,  was  for  a  period 

„  of  over  twenty-five  years  a  prominent  member  of 

,  the  profession  at  Sioux  City,  Iowa,  and  other  west- 

ern points.  Since  the  fall  of  1904,  when  he  became 
a  resident  of  this  city,  he  has  materially  extended  his  reputation  as 
a  thoroughly  reliable  solicitor  of  foreign  and  domestic  patents  and 
trade  marks,  having  established  not  only  a  good  private  practice 
in  these  lines,  but,  in  view  of  his  ability,  been  appointed  general 
counsel  of  various  interests  whose  industries  depend  largely  for  their 
development  and  permanence  on  the  stability  of  the  patents  involved. 

Born  near  Kenton,  Hardin  county,  Ohio,  on  the  25th  of  Septem- 
ber, 1853,  Mr.  Taylor  is  a  son  of  William  J.  and  Katherine  (Garver) 
Taylor.  He  had  the  misfortune  to  lose  his  mother  when  he  was 
only  twelve  years  of  age,  her  death  occurring  at  Hastings,  Minne- 
sota, in  1865,  his  father  surviving  her  until  1886,  when  he  died 
at  Minonk,  Illinois.  William  J.  Taylor  was  a  man  of  considerable 
prominence  in  central  Illinois,  having  held  a  number  of  political  and 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 


783 


civil  positions  during  his  residence  at  Minonk  and  otherwise  been 
considered  a  citizen  of  wide  influence  and  high  character. 

Clarence  W.  Taylor  was  educated,  as  to  the  elementary  branches, 
in  various  public  schools,  and  as  he  early  evinced  a  preference  for 
some  intellectual  profession,  he  first  prepared  himself  for  that  of  a 
teacher.  Entering  the  Northern  Indiana  Normal  College  at  Val])a- 
raiso,  he  mastered  the  course  which  qualified  him  for  that  occupation, 
and  while  following  it  as  a  means  of  livelihood  was  drawn  more 
and  more  closely  to  the  study  of  law.     His  first  systematic  readings 


CLARENCE    W.    TAYLOR. 


in  that  line  were  pursued  under  the  guidance  of  Martin  L.  Xewell, 
of  Woodford  county,  Illinois,  of  which  J\Ir.  Newell  was  then  state's 
attorne5^ 

Admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  January  17,  1879,  in  the  following 
April  j\Ir.  Taylor  was  elected  city  attorney  of  Minonk.  where  his 
father  was  so  well  known  and  where  he  had  himself  commenced  the 
practice  of  his  profession.  At  the  expiration  of  his  term  he  removed 
to  Sioux  City,  Iowa,  and  for  twenty-five  years  was  engaged  in  pro- 
fessional work  there  and  at  other  cities  of  the  west.   He  was  a  leading 


784  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

member  of  the  Sioux  City  bar  for  fifteen  years,  and  removed  thence 
to  Chicago  with  a  high  professional  and  personal  reputation.  Such 
members  of  the  bench  and  bar  as  J.  L.  Kennedy,  judge  of  the  Fourth 
judicial  district  of  Iowa,  and  George  W.  Wakefield,  ex-president  of 
the  Iowa  State  Bar  Association,  had  nothing  for  him  but  words  of 
the  highest  commendation.  Mr.  Wakefield  speak^  jif^him  as  a  "tem- 
perate, capable,  active  and  industrious  man,"  aAd^Judge  Kennedy 
not  only  repeated  such  endorsement  but  added,  imiJroad  terms,  that 
"his  standing  in  the  profession  was  the  best."  From  other  points 
where  Mr.  Taylor  had  become  known  as  an  attorney  and  a  man  came 
the  same  strong  testimonials,  one  quotation,  from  a  non-professional 
friend,  well  describing  his  general  characteristics  as  "a  man  of  refined 
manners,  correct  habits,  a  kind  heart,  and  a  clear,  well  trained,  vig- 
orous intellect." 

Since  coming  to  Chicago,  in  September,  1904,  Mr.  Taylor  has 
centered  his  abilities  in  the  practice  of  corporation,  patent  and  copy- 
right law — a  professional  field  which  requires  thorough  master}^  of 
countless  details,  mechanical  ability  of  a  high  order,  and  intense 
and  continuous  application  to  the  entrusted  matters.  These  qualities 
he  possesses  in  so  positive  a  degree  that  his  noteworthy  success  in 
his  broader  metropolitan  field  is  assured.  Mr.  Taylor  is  a  member 
of  the  Patent  Law  Association  of  Washington,  D.  C,  an  organization 
which  numbers  some  of  the  most  eminent  authorities  in  that  line  in 
the  country. 

In  1880  Mr.  Taylor  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Agnes  S. 
Poage,  a  native  of  Minonk,  Illinois,  and  a  daughter  of  Albert  B. 
Poage,  a  patriotic  martyr  to  the  cause  of  the  Civil  war.  For  the  full 
terrible  four  years  of  the  conflict  he  bravely  served  in  the  Union 
ranks,  after  which,  with  shattered  health,  he  returned  to  his  home, 
where  his  death  soon  after  occurred.  One  child,  Agnes  Mabel,  has 
been  born  to  the  union  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clarence  W.  Taylor.  She 
is  a  refined,  attractive  and  highly  educated  young  lady,  being  a  grad- 
uate of  Oxford  (Ohio)  College,  from  which  she  received  the  degree 
of  A.  B.  The  family  are  sincere  and  worthy  members  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church.  Personally,  Mr.  Taylor  is  a  Republican,  but  since 
coming  to  Chicago  has  devoted  his  energies  and  capabilities  to  the 
establishment  of  his  professional  business,  and  to  the  complete  exclu- 
sion of  public  or  political  considerations. 


THE  NEW  YORK 
PUBLIC  LIBRATIY 


ASTOR.   LENOX   A\t» 
lUDEN  FOlNOAXioXS 
B  , 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  785 

Charles  Calvin  Carnahan,  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Car- 
nahan,  Slusser  and  Cox,  and,  in  his  legal  capacity  prominently  con- 

nected    with    various   corporations   of    Chicago,    is 

Carnahan  ^'^*^  ^  leading  Republican  and  a  public  man.  He  is 
a  native  of  Cochran's  Mills,  Armstrong  county, 
Pennsylvania,  where  he  was  bom  on  the  3rd  of  April,  1868,  being 
the  son  of  William  H.  and  Maria  L.  (McKee)  Carnahan.  Mr.  Car- 
nahan comes  of  good  old  patriotic  American  stock,  not  a  few  of  his 
ancestors  participating  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  In  recognition  of 
the  value  of  his  services  in  that  conflict,  his  maternal  great-grand- 
father received  from  the  government  a  tract  of  land  which  is  now 
included  in  the  site  of  Worthington,  Armstrong  county,  western 
Pennsvlvania. 

Mr.  Carnahan  received  his  preparatory  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  village,  and  his  higher  literary  training  at  Hills- 
dale College,  Michigan.  He  first  read  lav^  in  the  office  of  J.  W.  King, 
a  prominent  attorney  of  Kittanning,  Pennsylvania,  and,  coming  to 
Chicago  in  the  fall  of  1891,  entered  the  Chicago  College  of  Law 
for  a  regular  professional  course.  Being  admitted  to  practice  before 
the  supreme  court  of  Illinois  in  1892,  he  at  once  entered  into  general 
practice,  which  has  since  been  continuous  and  successful.  In  the 
spring  of  1893  he  received  from  Lake  Forest  University  his  regular 
degree  of  LL.  B.  Mr.  Carnahan  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar 
Association  and  of  the  Chicago  Law  Institute,  and  is  recognized  as 
one  of  the  younger  lawyers  who  has  already  made  a  reputation  and 
has  a  greater  future.  His  prominence  as  a  Republican  is  attested 
by  the  fact  that  he  was  a  candidate  for  Coiigress  from  the  Fifth  dis- 
trict in  1900,  and,  although  defeated,  made  a  strong  run  and  extended 
his  reputation  as  a  fertile  campaigner,  a  good  manager  and  a  fair- 
minded  citizen.  He  is  a  leading  member  of  the  Union  League.  Illi- 
nois and  Chicago  Athletic  clubs. 

On  the  15th  of  June.  1894.  Charles  C.  Carnahan  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Katherine  .\.  Hawkes,  and  from  their  union  has 
been  born  one  daughter,  Madeleine  R.  I^lr.  Carnahan  is  a  Mason 
of  hioh  standing,  being  a  member  of  the  Oriental  Consistorv  thirtv- 
second  degree,  and  of  ]\Iedinah  Temple.  He  is  also  identified  with  the 
Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  National  Union. 

In  the  field  of  his  profession  Mr.  Carnahan  is  especially  known 

Vi>i.  n~io 


786  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

for  his  large  corporation  practice.  On  account  of  his  thorough  legal 
knowledge  in  this  specialty,  he  is  identified  with  a  number  of  import- 
ant corporations,  partly  in  a  legal  and  partly  in  a  managerial  capacity. 
It  should  be  needless  to  add,  in  view  of  tbe_a.bove  statement  of  facts, 
that  Mr.  Carnahan  is  a  busy,  useful  citizen,) -and  among  the  most 
rapid  progressionists  of  his  profession  in  Chicago.      ~ 

Fred  Holmes  Atwood,  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Atwood, 
Pease  &  Loucks,  has  earned  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the  most 

successful  trial  lawyers  at  the  Chicago  bar.  the  col- 
lective business  of  the  copartnership  being  largely 
identified  with  the  litigation  incident  to  the  progress 
of  the  lumber  interests  of  the  city.  For  many  years  he  was  also 
one  of  the  most  prominent  Democrats  of  this  section,  but  abandoned 
that  party  on  the  financial  issues  of  1896  and  has  since  been  an 
earnest  supporter  of  Republican  principles.  His  political  record  is 
indicative  of  his  radicalism  and  independence,  and  his  determination 
to  abide  by  principles  which  he  believes  to  be  sound  at  the  root, 
irrespective  of  where  such  a  course  may  lead  him  as  to  party,  civic 
or  religious  organizations  of  his  fellows. 

Fred  H.  Atwood  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Leroy  township,  Cal- 
houn county,  Michigan,  on  the  4th  of  February,  1863,  being  a  son 
of  Ephraim  and  Samantha  J.  (Holmes)  Atwood,  natives  respect- 
ively, of  Pennsylvania  and  of  his  own  native  county.  They  still 
reside  in  that  section  of  Michigan,  where  they  are  accounted  as 
among  its  most  substantial,  respected  and  influential  members  of 
the  community.  The  father,  a  lifelong  agriculturist,  was  born  in 
1838,  his  wife  being  his  junior  b)^  three  years.  Through  the  maternal 
line  Mr.  Atwood  comes  of  the  same  family  of  which  Justice  Holmes, 
of  the  United  States  supreme  court,  is  a  representative. 

Mr.  Atwood's  boyhood  years  were  passed  on  the  home  farm  in 
Calhoun  county,  and  as  an  attendant  of  the  district  school  at  West 
Leroy,  Michigan.  Later  he  attended  the  college  at  Battle  Creek,  that 
state,  and  in  1881  entered  the  University  of  Michigan  as  a  law 
student.  After  finishing  a  three  years'  course  he  secured  his  regular 
professional  degree,  but  decided  to  practice  his  profession  in  Chicago, 
thus  engaging  alone  until  1887.  For  the  succeeding  decade  he  was 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cruikshank  and  Atwood,  and  since  then 
of  the  firms  of  Atwood  and  Pease,  and  Atwood,  Pease  and  Loucks 


THE  >;E^V  YORK 
PUBLIC  LlBllA^^V 


ASTOK.  LENOX   A SO 
TILDEN  KOlNriATit.NS 

B  "^ 


J 


A 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  787 

(as  at  present).  Among  the  leading  cases  with  which  Mr.  Atwood 
has  been  individually  identified  may  be  mentioned  two  of  special 
note — those  of  Annis  versus  The  West  Chicago  Railway  Company, 
which  was  decided  by  the  supreme  court  of  Illinois  in  favor  of  the 
plaintiff  (165  Illinois  Reports)  and  R.  G.  Dun  versus  The  Lumber- 
men's Credit  Association.  The  latter  case  is  now  pending  in  the 
United  States  supreme  court.  Mr.  Atwood's  success  is  largely  due 
not  only  to  his  effectiveness  as  a  pleader  before  court  and  jury,  but 
to  the  persistency  with  which  he  follows  up  any  matter  entrusted 
to  him.  and  he  is  especially  strong  in  corporation  and  commercial 
litigation. 

As  stated,  Mr.  Atwood  was  long  a  prominent  Democrat,  being 
chosen  as  a  presidential  elector  from  Illinois  by  that  party  in  1892. 
Since  1896  he  has  been  a  Republican,  with  independent  proclivities. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  and  a  Mason  of 
high  rank,  in  the  fraternity  mentioned  being  identified  with  Apollo 
Commandery  No.  i,  K.  T.  He  is  prominently  identified  with  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  is  president  of  the  board  of  trustees 
of  the  Evanston  Avenue  church.  In  1885  Mr.  Atwood  was  united 
in  marriage  with  Miss  Minnie  P.  Best,  of  Vicksburg,  Michigan,  and 
they  have  become  the  parents  of  Ivan  J.  B.,  Ephraim  H.  and  Lenna 
Gertrude  Atwood.  x^n  able  lawyer,  a  faithful  husband  and  father, 
a  companionable  and  popular  man.  and  a  citizen  of  broad  usefulness 
— what  more  can  be  said  in  commendation  of  the  life  record  of  an 
American? 

Born  of  humble  parentage  on  an  obscure  Minnesota  farm,  less 
than  thirtv  years  ago.  William  Samuel  Kies,  by  sheer  determination, 

ability  and  force  of  character,  has  risen  to  a  very 
„  ■     high  position — that  of  general  attorney  in  the  legal 

department  of  one  of  the  greatest  railway  systems 
in  the  world.  As  a  trial  lawyer  in  the  domain  of  corporation  litiga- 
tion he  has  few  superiors  at  the  local  bar.  and  in  view  of  his  com- 
paratively short  experience  as  a  practicing  attorney  his  progress  and 
standing  are  somewhat  phenomenal.  Mr.  Ivies'  place  of  birth  was 
a  farm  near  Mapleton.  Minnesota,  and  his  birthday  December  2,  1877, 
his  parents  being  Christian  L.  and  Bertha  A.  (Steeps)  Kies.  His 
father,  a  native  of  Schondorf.  W'urtemberg.  came  to  the  United 
States  alone  at  the  age  of  sixteen  years,  and  his  death  occurred  at 


788  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTS 

Oshkosh,  Wisconsin,  in  1894.  His  mother  was  born  on  a  farm  in 
Winnebago  county  in  1847,  and  her  death  occurred  in  the  same  city 
two  years  after  that  of  her  husband. 

Mr.  Ivies,  the  only  child  of  this  union,  was  educated  at  the  Osh- 
kosh schools.  After  graduating  from  the  high~school,  although  only 
seventeen  years  of  age,  he  secured  the  princi^alship  "^f  the  public 
schools  at  Fredonia,  Wisconsin,  serving  thus  for^the  school  year 
1894-5,  and  holding  the  same  position  at  the  head  of  the  Grafton 
(Wis.)  schools  in  1895-6.  In  the  latter  year  he  entered  the  University 
of  Wisconsin,'at  Madison,  finishing  the  regular  four  years'  course  in 
the  classics  in  three  years  and  receiving  the  prescribed  degree  of  B. 
L.  But  finding  his  longing  for  a  practical,  working  education  unsat- 
isfied, he  entered  with  his  usual  vim  and  determination  into  the  study 
of  the  law,  and  made  such  rapid  and  satisfactory  progress  that  he 
was  again  able  to  master  a  regular  course  of  three  years  in  two, 
graduating  from  the  law  school  in  1901  with  LL.  B.  This  rapid 
progress  at  the  Wisconsin  State  University  was  the  more  remarkable 
in  view  of  the  fact  that  Mr.  Kies  had  been  supporting  himself  since 
he  was  fourteen  years  of  age;  and  his  case  is  another  illustration 
of  where  necessity  has  proven  the  best  spur  to  energies  and  abilities 
of  a  high  order,  and  in  which  the  pressure  of  circumstances  far  from 
discouraging  the  brave  and  ardent  man  has  served  only  to  push  him 
on  to  greater  accomplishment.  But  in  order  that  what  the  world 
calls  adverse  circumstances  shall  have  this  inspiring  effect  the  char- 
acter must  be  far  above  the  normal  in  elastic  strength  and  toughness 
of  fi1:)er.  These  qualities  William  Kies  possessed  and  evinced  them  in 
a  striking  manner  from  the  time  he  earned  his  first  money  as  an 
Oshkosh  newspaper  delivery  boy,  at  a  dollar  and  a  half  a  week,  until 
he  had  attained  an  assured  standing  in  his  profession — and  even 
then,  and  now,  the}^  are  his  in  a  more  mature  and  massive  measure. 

While  at  the  Universit}^  of  Wisconsin  he  earned  his  way  by  acting 
as  business  manager  of  the  Daily  Cardinal,  the  official. organ  of  the 
university,  and  of  the  Wisconsin  Alumni  Magazine,  as  well  as  by 
the  publication  for  two  3^ears  of  the  Wisconsin  Municipalities.  He 
took  high  honors  in  his  course,  being  intercollegiate  debater,  and,  at 
the  time  of  his  graduation,  was  the  orator  of  his  class.  Admitted 
to  the  Wisconsin  bar  in  1901,  in  August  of  that  year  he  came  to 
Chicago,  and  for  a  short  time  was  in  the  law  office  of  Peck,  Miller 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  789 

and  Starr.  Subsequently,  until  May  i,  1903.  he  was  connected  with 
the  legal  department  of  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company,  under 
John  F.  Smulski,  and  in  this  connection  was  regarded  as  one  of  the 
most  efficient  defenders  of  the  city's  interests  ever  associated  with 
that  department.  His  ability  as  a  trial  lawyer  especially  attracted 
the  attention  of  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railway  Company,  and 
resulted  in  his  resignation  of  his  position  in  the  city  attorney's  office 
April  I,  1905,  and  accepting  the  office  of  general  attorney  for  the 
Chicago  &  Northwestern  Railway  Company.  In  this  position  he  is 
consulting  attorney  for  the  claim  department  and  trial  attorney  for 
the  railroad,  also  having  charge  of  all  the  company's  attorneys  in  the 
state  of  Illinois.  He  had  entire  charge  of  the  preparation  of  the  suit, 
extending  over  a  year,  in  the  big  Northwestern  Deport  Condemnation 
case,  with  N.  G.  Moore  and  F.  H.  Scott  as  special  counsel.  This 
was  perhaps  the  most  important  condemnation  case  ever  tried  in 
Cook  county  and  the  longest  in  the  United  States.  The  trial  lasted 
seven  months,  and  $5,000,000  worth  of  property  between  Clinton, 
Canal,  Madison  and  Kinzie  streets  was  involved.  In  three  years  to 
date  Mr.  Kies  has  not  lost  a  case  for  the  railroad  company. 

Mr.  Kies  is  a  member  of  the  American  Bar  Association,  the  Chi- 
cago Bar  Association,  the  Illinois  Bar  Association,  and  the  Chicago 
Law  Institute,  and  stands  high  personally  and  professionally  among 
his  fellow  attorneys.  In  politics  he  is  an  earnest  Republican  and  has 
taken  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of  the  party  since  1900,  during  that 
year  being  especially  prominent  in  the  McKinley  campaign  through- 
out Wisconsin.  Since  that  time  he  has  been  in  urgent  demand  as  a 
campaign  speaker,  his  style  of  delivery  being  easy  and  attractive,  and 
the  subject  matter  of  his  speeches  clearly,  pithily  and  eloquently  pre- 
sented. 

On  the  1 2th  of  July,  1905,  Mr.  Kies  was  united  in  mariage  to 
Miss  Mabel  P.  Best,  of  Chicago,  daughter  of  George  W.  and  Bertha 
D.  Best,  and  to  their  union  was  born  Margaret  Bertha  Kies,  November 
II,  1906.  Mr.  Kies  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church,  a  Master 
Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Phi  Beta  Kappa  and  Kappa  Sigma 
fraternities.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Union  League,  Chicago 
Athletic.  Germania  and  Hamilton  clubs.  To  his  substantial  and  bril- 
liant traits  as  a  lawyer,  his  stanch  character  as  a  man,  he  is  possessed  of 
the  sociable  and  attractive  qualities  of  the  <niltured  gentleman,  which 


790  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

union  of  characteristics  has  raised  him  to  his  present  enviable  position 
as  a  lawyer  and  a  citizen. 

James  Joseph  Barbour,  who  has  won  a  leading  place  at  the  Chi- 
cago bar,  is  a  native  of  Hartford,  Connecticut,  born  on  the  28th  of 

December,  1869,  and  is  therefore  one  of  the  young- 
-^  •^'         est  of  the  prominent  menibers-of-the  bar.     His  par- 

ents were  Rev.  H.  H.  and  Frances  E.  Barbour,  and 
the  preference  of  the  son  for  a  professional  career  was  something 
of  a  family  trait.  In  pursuance  of  his  father's  pastoral  duties  the  fam- 
ily removed  to  Newark,  New  Jersey,  where,  until  1886,  James  J. 
received  his  education  through  the  public  and  high  schools.  The 
combination  of  practical  with  literary  and  oratorical  talents  inclined 
him,  at  quite  an  early  age,  to  the  province  of  the  law  as  the  field  of  his 
life  work.  His  educational  training  for  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion was  received  at  the  Chicago  College  of  Law  in  1889-92. 

Upon  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  1891  at  the  age  of  twenty-one, 
and  prior  to  the  completion  of  his  full  collegiate  course,  Mr.  Bar- 
bour had  become  attorney  for  the  Commercial  National  Bank  of  Chi- 
cago and  continued  as  such  until  the  death  of  its  president,  Henry 
F.  Fames,  in  1897.  In  1894  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Joseph  A. 
Sleeper,  which  was  dissolved  upon  the  retirement  of  the  latter  from 
practice,  since  which  time  Mr.  Barbour  has  been  engaged  alone  in 
private  and  official  litigation.  Mr.  Barbour's  talents  and  success  as 
a  trial  lawyer  were  recognized  by  his  Republican  associates  when,  in 
1904,  he  was  appointed  assistant  state's  attorney  by  Charles  S.  De- 
neen,  and  later  under  the  administration  of  John  J.  Healy,  became 
first  assistant. 

Within  the  past  few  years  Mr.  Barbour  has  been  the  attorney  of 
a  number  of  the  most  noted  cases  which  have  engaged  the  attention 
of  the  public.  He  prosecuted  Inga  Hanson,  who  was  convicted  of 
perjury  in  her  suit  for  damages  against  the  City  Railway  Company. 
He  was  also  in  charge  of  the  proceedings  against  George  S.  McRey- 
nolds,  for  fradulent  transfer  and  sale  of  grain  covered  by  warehouse 
receipts  held,  by  Chicago  banks  to  the  amount  of  over  $500,000,  and 
of  the  suit  against  William  Eugene  Brown,  the  Chicago  lawyer,  con- 
victed of  subornation  of  perjury  and  disbarred  from  practice,  for 
fraudulently  obtaining  three  thousand  dollars  from  the  American 
Trust  and  Savings  Bank.     The  prosecution  of  Wilham  J.  Davis  for 


Nlo-4..-c.e^  9.    v^'Lyi^^. 


"  THE  NEW  YORK 

PUBLie  LIBRARY 


ASS'O.U,  LEN-OX  AND' 
TILOEN   FOUNDATIONS 
E  E. 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  791 

manslanghter,  in  connection  with  the  Iroquois  theater  fire,  the  suit 
being  finally  tried  at  Danville,  Illinois,  and  resulting  in  the  discharge 
of  the  defendant  by  the  court  on  technical  grounds,  was  in  the  hands 
of  Mr.  Barbour,  as  were  also  the  conspiracy  cases  against  John  M. 
Collins,  chief  of  police,  and  others,  for  levying  campaign  assess- 
ments against  police  officers.  In  the  summer  of  1906  he  assisted 
Judge  Harry  Olson  in  the  prosecution  of  Paul  O.  Stensland  and 
others  for  embezzlements  from  the  Milwaukee  Avenue  State  Bank. 
Within  the  past  three  years  he  has  tried  over  fifty  murder  cases.  In 
the  case  of  People  versus  McEwen  he  removed  the  Lipsey  habeas  cor- 
pus case  from  the  superior  court  of  Cook  county  to  the  supreme  court 
by  certiorari,  and  there  obtained  a  ruling  that  nisi  prius  courts  were 
without  jurisdiction  to  review  final  judgments  in  criminal  cases  by 
writs  of  habeus  corpus. 

On  September  i,  1891,  Mr.  Barbour  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Lillian  Clayton,  their  children  being  Justin  P.,  Heman  H.  and 
Elizabeth. 

In  is  an  especial  pleasure  for  the  editor  of  a  work  devoted  to  the 

history  of  Chicago  and  to  a  delineation  of  the  citizens  who  have  as- 

^        sisted  in  its  progress,  to  be  able  to  present  the  sub- 

HOBART  P 

stantial  record  of  a  native  son,  whose  parents  were. 
Young.  .  .    ,  .  ,        , 

moreover,  ot  the  true  pioneer  stock  who  accom- 
plished their  part  in  starting  the  city  on  its  great  journey  of  adven- 
ture and  accomplishment.  Hobart  P.  Young,  assistant  state's  at- 
torney of  Cook  county,  is  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Alden,  Latham 
and  Y^'oung.  Born  in  this  city,  March  31,  1875,  ^""^  ^s  the  son  of 
George  W.  and  Mary  (McDonough)  Y^oung.  His  father  was  born 
in  Utica,  New  York,  in  1843,  '^"'^^  ^^'^  1852  came  to  Chicago,  where 
his  future  wife  was  born  four  years  before.  For  a  number  of  years 
prior  to  the  great  fire  of  1871,  George  W.  Young  was  engaged  in 
the  hardware  business,  but  is  best  remembered  by  Chicagoans  for  his 
prominent  connection  with  the  railway  postal  service.  From  1871 
until  his  death,  January  22,  1907,  he  was  engaged  in  that  service,  in 
charge  of  the  cars  running  over  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  Rail- 
way system,  and  the  remarkable  development  in  equipment  and  oper- 
ation of  that  branch  of  the  general  service  came  under  his  direct  su- 
pervision and  was  largely  due  to  his  efforts  and  intelligent  faithful- 
ness.    To  this  work  he  gave  the  best  years  of  his  life  and  was  ac- 


792  CHICAGO    AND    COOK   COUNTY 

counted  one  of  the  most  honorable  men  ever  connected  with  the  rail- 
way postal  service.  The  mother  of  Hobart  P.  Young  is  now  one 
of  the  earliest  pioneers  living  in  Chicago,  her  birth  occurring  in  1848. 
Mr.  Young  received  his  primary  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  Chicago,  and  his  higher  literary  training  at  St.  Ignatius  College, 
from  v/hich,  in  1904,  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of -A.  B. 
He  immediately  entered  the  law  department  of  the  Northwe§terxi-Uni- 
versity,  and  after  a  two-years'  course  therein  obtained  hi&jLL.  B.  in 
1906,  since  which  he  has  been  engaged  in  general  and  official  prac- 
tice. He  received  the  appomtment  of  assistant  state's  attorney  in 
February,  1906,  and  has  successfully  conducted  a  number  of  import- 
ant cases.  Among  others  were  the  People  of  Illinois  versus  the  Illi- 
nois Steel  Company,  which  involves  one  hundred  and  eighty-seven 
acres  of  land  valued  by  experts  at  $1,250,000;  the  People  versus 
.  John  A.  Cooke  and  the  People  versus  Abner  Smith.  The  latter  case, 
which  involved  malfeasance  in  office,  was  the  first  instance  in  the 
history  of  Cook  county  in  which  a  judge  has  been  found  guilty. 

Mr.  Young  is  an  active  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association 
and  Legal  Club,  serving  as  president  of  the  latter  in  1905-06.  He 
is  an  able  and  popular  young  lawyer,  and  is  a  welcome  member  of 
such  clubs  as  the  Chicago  Athletic,  Glen  View  Country  and  Colonial. 
Unmarried;  his  residence  is  still  with  his  mother  at  the  comfortable 
family  home  in  Chicago,  which  is  a  favorite  gathering  place  of  not 
only  the  younger  generation  who  live  in  the  future,  but  of  many  of 
the  city's  pioneers  who  may  be  pardoned  for  their  somewhat  proud 
review  of  the  past. 

Charles  W.  Vail,  clerk  of  the  superior  court,  one  of  the  old-time 
residents  of  the  Thirty-second  ward  and  prominent  for  many  years 

in  its  political  affairs,  is  a  native  of  Fairbury,  Illi- 
^j-  '     nois,  where  his  early  schooling  was  obtained.     His 

business  course  in  the  Metropolitan  Business  Col- 
lege of  this  city,  which  he  took  immediately  upon  his  coming  to  Chi- 
cago, fitted  him  above  the  average  capacity  for  the  business  details 
of  commercial  life,  and  for  such  details  as  now  devolve  upon  him  in 
the  public  position  which  he  now  holds.  An  extended  experience 
in  the  real  estate  business  and  confidence  in  his  judgment  have  re- 
sulted in  his  being  sought  as  appraiser  and  arbitrator  in  many  large 
realty  transactions  in  this  city  and  elsewhere. 


/  ) 


*^J*K  Jfiw  YORK 
PUBLIC  LIBRARY 


ASTOE,   LENOX  AND 
I{      TTLOENtlouNDATIONS 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  793 

In  the  many  years  in  which  his  position  upon  the  Cook  county 
central  committee  of  the  Repubhcan  party  has  kept  him  in  touch 
with  and  in  the' leadership  of  political  affairs  of  the  Thirty-second 
ward  and  the  Town  of  Lake  he  has  acquired  and  has  held  as  close 
personal  friends,  it  can  safely  be  said,  more  stanch  supporters  than 
any  other  man  who  has  ever  lived  in  the  ward.  "Once  a  friend,  al- 
ways a  friend,"  can  be  said  not  only  of  Mr.  Vail  himself,  but  like- 
wise of  nearly  all  who,  time  and  again,  have  been  satisfied  to  share 
with  him  defeat,  if  defeat  came,  and  whom  he  has  never  overlooked 
in  his  hard-earned  successes  and  his  well-deserved  victories. 

Starting  out  in  his  political  activities  with  an  unusual  capacity, 
an  aptitude  for  organization,  and  with  the  ability  to  use  forces  and 
men  thus  organized  effectively,  and  with  innate  principles  and  char- 
acter to  dictate  and  permit  only  legitimate  and  honorable  courses  of 
action,  he  has  grappled  to  himself  the  friends  acquired  with  "hooks 
of  steel,"  and  has  added  new  ones  by  the  score  as  time  has  progressed. 
So  true  has  this  been  that  hardly  a  man  lives  in  the  Thirty-second 
ward  who  does  not  claim  "Charley  Vail"  as  his  personal  friend, 
however  much  they  may  differ  politically  or  otherwise.  A  happy 
optimism  and  an  undaunted  persistency,  which  would  recognize  in 
defeat  only  another  stepping  stone  to  success,  have  characterized 
every  step  of  his  political  activity,  and  have  enabled  him  to  encour- 
age and  retain  his  loyal  and  continually  increasing  following  through 
any  and  all  reverses.  Success  with  him  has  been  synonymous  with 
struggle  at  every  step  of  the  way.  Nothing  of  victory  has  come  easy 
as  it  does  to  many  less  worthy,  or  has  been  thrust  upon  him,  and  ^•ic- 
tory  has  never  meant  to  him  simply  personal  success.  He  has  made 
it  mean,  likewise,  success  for  his  friends.  The  struggles  they  have 
shared  with  him  he  has  rewarded,  principal  and  interest,  by  making 
them  participants  in  his  own  well  being. 

When  political  life  assumed  for  him  a  wider  field,  and  he  was 
awarded  the  Town  of  Lake  representation  upon  the  Republican  county 
ticket,  in  the  nomination  for  the  responsible  office  of  clerk  of  the 
superior  court,  results  showed  that  his  service  to  the  party  had  been 
recognized  and  his  popularity  had  established  itself  on  a  firm  founda- 
tion far  outside  the  boundaries  of  his  own  representative  district ; 
for  with  unusually  strong  entries  for  public  suffrage  in  the  cam- 
paign he  led  the  whole  field  and  topped  the  ticket  with  the  largest 


794  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

vote  received  by  any  candidate.  He  has  now  become  thoroughly 
identified  with,  and  a  potent  factor  in,  the  party  councils  of  the  city. 
A  long-time  adherent  of  Governor  Deneen,  he  is  now  recognized  as 
his  personal  lieutenant  and  representative  for  the  entire  southwest 
array  of  wards,  and  his  ability  as  a  manager  to  the  county  campaigns 
now  puts  him  at  the  head  of  many  of  the  active  committees  of  the 
county  organization;  never  as  a  figure-head,  always  as  the  field  officer. 

If  fealty  to  party,  faithful  adherence  to,  and  energetic  promotion 
of,  Republican  principles,  loyalty  to  political  friends,  untiring  per- 
sonal effort,  unwavering  fidelity  to  the  fulfilment  of  every  trust  re- 
posed in  him,  rigid  econom^y  and  unimpeachable  integrity,  in  the 
handling  of  public  funds  appertaining  to  his  office,  a  wise  and  effi- 
cient administration  of  all  the  affairs  of  that  office  and  a  capable 
application  and  devotion  of  all  his  abilities  in  the  service  of  the 
people  constitute  any  just  foundation  of  merit,  then  the  political 
future  ought  to  hold  much  good  in  store  for  Charles  W.  Vail. 

Mr.  Vail  has  long  been  one  of  the  most  active  members  of  the 
executive  committee  of  the  Cook  county  central  Republican  com- 
mittee, and  represents  the  Third  congressional  district  upon  the  Re- 
publican state  central  committee.  He  is  connected  with  the  Chicago 
Association  of  Commerce  and  is  president  of  the  Prairie  State  Coal 
and  Coke  Company.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Hamilton  Club,  is  a 
thirty-second  degree  Mason,  and  is  identified  with  many  fraternal 
organizations,  including  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the 
North  American  Union  and  the  "Charles  W.  Vail  Camp"  of  Modern 
Woodmen  of  America. 

He  was  married  in  1896  to  Miss  Clara  I.  Barton,  and  has  three 
children,  Edna,  Charles  W.  Jr.,  and  Marjorie. 

Harry  D.  Irwin,  junior  member  of  the  well-known  firm  of  Hoyne, 
O'Connor  and  Irwin,  and  a  rising  lawyer  of  the  Chicago  bar,  is  a 

native  of  Ohio,  born  at  Scioto  Furnace,  on  the  20th 

-r  '        of  Februarv,    i86s.     The  son  of  Nathan  H.   and 

Irwin.  ,     ^^  ^      . 

Rachel  (Keeran)  Irwin,  his  parents  were  both  na- 
tives of  the  Buckeye  state,  and  his  early  years  were  passed  amid  the 
iron  industries  of  his  native  locality,  his  father  being  connected  with 
various  furnaces  of  southern  Ohio.  His  father  was  born  at  New- 
ark, Ohio,  in  1 83 1,  and  his  mother  at  Utica,  that  state,  five  years 
later.     In   1875  the  family  removed  from  Ohio  to  the  state  of  Illi- 


cv:^.^ 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  795 

nois,  where  for  several  years  the  elder  Irwin  was  engaged  in  farm- 
ing, dying  in  1883  at  West  York,  Illinois;  the  mother  resides  with 
her  daughter  at  Terre  Haute,  Indiana. 

The  public  school  systems  of  Ohio  and  Illinois  furnished  Mr.  Ir- 
win with  his  elementary  education,  and  in  1889  he  entered  the  law 
department  of  the  University  of  Michigan,  and,  while  pursuing  his 
professional  studies,  accomplished  considerable  special  work  in  the 
literary  line.  Prior  to  his  entrance  to  the  university  he  had  studied 
law  for  a  year  in  the  office  of  Cullop  and  Shaw,  one  of  the  leading 
firms  of  Vincennes  and  southern  Indiana ;  the  result  was  that  he  had 
made  such  progress  as  to  be  able  to  complete  his  course  in  the  law 
school  by  1891.  In  June  of  that  year  Mr.  Irwin  was  admitted  to 
both  the  Michigan  and  Illinois  bars,  and  in  September  located  in 
Chicago  as  an  employee  of  the  firm  of  Hoyne,  Follansbee  and  O'Con- 
nor. That  co-partnership  was  dissolved  in  1898,  and,  with  the  ad- 
mission of  Maclay  Hoyne,  son  of  Thomas  M.  Hoyne,  the  style  ht- 
came  Hoyne,  O'Connor  and  Hoyne,  of  which  firm  Mr.  Irwin  became 
a  partner  in  1900.  On  the  first  of  January,  1907,  Maclay  Hoyne  sev- 
ered his  connection  with  it,  and  since  then  the  firm  has  been  known 
as  Hoyne,  O'Connor  and  Irwin. 

Mr.  Irwin's  practice,  in  connection  with  the  firm  mentioned,  is  of 
a  general  nature,  and  has  won  him  a  substantial  reputation.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association,  the  Law  Institute  and  the 
Legal  Club,  of  which  he  was  president  in  1905,  and  the  Masonic  fra- 
ternity, being  identified  with  the  Blue  Lodge  and  Chapter.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  a  Republican,  but  has  not  been  active  in  any  field  outside 
that  of  his  profession.  Mr.  Irwin  was  married,  in  June.  1895,  to 
Miss  Alice  E.  Prevo,  of  West  York,  Illinois,  and  to  their  union  have 
been  born  four  daughters,  Helen,  Marian,  Louise  and  Emily. 

Edward  C.   Higgins  is  a  well-known  educator  in   tlie  legal  field 
and  enjoys  well  merited  recognition  as  one  of  the  most  capable  and 

„  _        successful  practitioners  at  the  bar  of  Cook  countv. 

Edward  C.        ...         ,       .,,  .     ,  ,        ' 

TT  Although  still  a  comparativelv  young  man.  he  has 

Higgins.  ."?,.,         ,    .     ,  .  '      .      "^     ,    , 

attamed  nigh  rank  m  Ins  proiession  and  the  splen- 
did character  of  his  abilities  gives  every  assurance  that  the  future 
holds  for  him  a  distinguished  career  in  the  law. 

Mr.  Higgins  was  born  July  24,    1866.  at  \\'oodstock,   McHenry 
county,  Illinois,  and  after  graduating  at  tlie  high  school  in  that  city 


796  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

in  1884,  he  entered  the  University  of  Michigan,  from  which  institu- 
tion he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1888.  After  his  graduation 
he  remained  a  year  at  Ann  Arbor  doing  post-graduate  work  and  col- 
lecting material  for  a  text  book  which  was  published  by  the  dean  of 
the  law  faculty.  .  '      , 

While  Mr.  Higgins  was  pursuing  his  law  studies  at  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan  he  took  and  passed  an  examination  held  in  the 
spring  of  1887  by  the  board  of  examiners  appointed  by  the  supreme 
court  of  the  state,  and  a  certificate  of  admission  to  the  bar  was  issued 
to  him  to  take  effect  upon  his  becoming  of  age. 

Shortly  after  completing  his  studies  at  Ann  Arbor  he  accepted 
an  invitation  to  deliver  an  address  at  Manistee,  Michigan,  which 
resulted  in  his  locating  there  a  few  months  later  and  forming  a  co- 
partnership for  the  practice  of  law  with  the  Hon.  Thomas  Smurth- 
waite,  one  of  the  leading  lawyers  of  the  Michigan  bar. 

Attracted  by  the  greater  opportunities  of  a  large  city,  Mr.  Hig- 
gins came  to  Chicago  in  1895  and  has  since  become  well  known  as 
a  successful  practitioner  and  educator.  Here,  as  in  Michigan,  his 
superior  qualities  soon  attracted  attention  and  his  mental  attainments 
and  legal  learning  were  quickly  recognized  in  the  profession  and 
by  the  public.  Since  coming  to  Chicago  he  has  been  associated  in 
practice  with  the  Hon.  William  J.  Hynes,  one  of  Chicago's  most 
celebrated  lawyers.  Mr.  Higgins  is  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  the 
Chicago-Kent  College  of  law,  succeeding  the  late  Chief  Justice 
Bailey  as  professor  of  common  law  pleading  and  practice  in  the  year 
1895,  shortly  after  his  arrival  in  Chicago.  During  the  time  he  has 
been  teaching  this  intricate  branch  of  the  law  he  has  established  a 
high  reputation  as  an  authority  upon  the  subject,  and  each  year  his 
course  at  the  law  school  is  attended  by  many  students  from  other 
schools,  as  well  as  by  practicing  lawyers  who  seek  to  avail  them- 
selves of  the  superior  advantages  that  are  to  be  derived  from  this 
course  as  conducted  by  Mr.  Higgins.  He  also  delivers  courses  of 
lectures  from  time  to  time  at  Notre  Dame  University,  Indiana,  and 
upon  several  occasions  he  has  been  offered  professorships  in  colleges 
in  different  parts  of  the  country  which  he  has  been  obliged  to  decline 
because  they  would  take  him  away  from  his  practice  in  Chicago.  For 
a  number  of  years  he  has  done  a  great  deal  of  legal  work  for  the 
Chicago  City  Railway  Company,  and  is  recognized  at  the  bar  as  one 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  797 

of  that  great  corporation's  most  effective  trial  lawyers.  It  is  seldom 
that  a  member  of  his  profession  combines  in  such  a  marked  degree 
the  best  qualities  of  the  practitioner  and  the  instructor  as  Mr.  Higgins. 

In  1898  Edward  C.  Higgins  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Helen  Kelly,  of  Kalamazoo,  Michigan,  and  their  three  children  are 
Clarence  A.,  Wilhelmina  Lucile  and  Eileen  Theodora  Higgins.  In 
his  political  affiliations  Mr.  Higgins  is  a  Republican,  but  has  never 
been  attracted  beyond  the  limits  of  his  profession,  finding  that  its 
studies  and  practical  duties  have  always  given  full  expression  to  his 
ambition.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Edgewater  Country  Club  and  also 
of  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  but  his  greatest  enjoyments,  aside  from 
his  professional  duties,  are  found  by  him  with  his  family  in  his  pleas- 
ant home  at  2475  Magnolia  avenue. 

Of  the  younger  generation  of  lawyers  practicing  at  the  Chicago 

bar,  none  have  a  brighter  future,  judging  from  the  past,  than  \^in- 

cent  J.  Walsh,  junior  member    of    the    prominent 

,-,,  firm  of  Peckham,  Packard,  ApMadoc  and  Walsh. 

Walsh.         tt    1  •       ir  •  •        r  ^1  • 

He  himseli  is  a  native  of  Chicago,  born  September 

12,  1875,  and  reared  and  educated  amid  the  inspiring  and  energiz- 
ing influences  of  the  city's  life.  Of  his  parents,  James  and  Mary  E. 
(Sheahan)  Walsh,  the  father  was  born  in  county  Mayo,  Ireland,  and 

in  1845 — ^^''^'''  about  five  years  of  age — was  brought  to  Canada.  In 
1867,  still  a  young  man,  he  became  a  resident  of  Chicago,  was  for 
many  years  identified  with  the  construction  and  operation  of  railwav 
properties,  and  is  now  living  here  in  retirement.  The  mother  was 
born  in  Washincrton,  D.  C. 

Primarily,  Mr.  Walsh  was  educated  in  the  Jesuit  schools,  and  for 
his  more  advanced  mental  training  entered  St.  Ignatius  College.  Chi- 
cago, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1894  with  the  degree  of  A.  B. 
In  the  followino-  vear  he  became  a  student  at  the  law  school  of  Har- 
vard  University,  from  which,  at  the  completion  of  his  course  in  189S. 
he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  In  December  of  that  year  he  was 
admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar,  being  a  clerk  and  assistant  in  the  office 
of  Green,  Honore  and  Peters  from  November,  1898,  to  June,  1902. 
From  the  latter  date  until  July  i.  1903,  he  engaged  in  an  independent 
practice,  becoming  then  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Peckham,  Smith, 
Packard  and  ApMadoc.  Upon  the  death  of  i\Ir.  Smith  in  1906  the 
firm  was  reorganized  as  PecklKun,  Packard,  ApiMadoc  and  Walsh. 


798  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Mr.  Walsh  is  engaged  in  the  general  practice  of  his  profession, 
while  the  firm  of  which  he  is  a  member  are  attorneys  for  the  First 
National  Bank  of  Chicago.  His  substantial  standing  is  shown  in 
that  he  served  as  vice  president  of  the  Legal  Club  in  1906-07,  being 
also  an  active  member  of  the  Law  Club,  University  Club,  Union  and 
Harvard  clubs.  His  politics  is  Democratic,  but  he  has  never  made 
them  prominent  in  his  citizenship.  Personally  he  is  social  and  do- 
mestic, the  latter  trait  of  his  character  being  in  process  of  marked  de- 
velopment through  his  marriage,  July  3,  1906,  to  Miss  Julia  Cudahy, 
daughter  of  John  and  Margaret  O.  Cudahy,  of  Chicago.  C-^"^ 

Clarence  A.  Knight,  an  acknowledged  leader  among  the  corpora- 
tion lawyers  of  the  west,  is  a  native  of  McHenry  county,  Illinois, 

born  on  the  28th  of  October,  18 15 3,  and  his  prelim- 
Clarence   A.    .  ,       ^.  •     1     •      .1 

„  mary    education    was    acquired     m    the    common 

Knight.  ,,,.  ,  ,,  .     ,     ^    , 

schools,  being  supplemented  by  a  course  m  the  Cook 

County  Normal  School.  After  teaching  country  school,  Mr.  Knight 
was  drawn  into  the  energetic  whirl  of  Chicago  life,  locating  in  the 
city  in  April,  1872.  He  began  the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of 
Spafford,  McDaid  and  Wilson,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar 
in  1874,  passing  his  examination  before  the  supreme  court  of  Illinois 
at  Ottawa.  For  one  year  thereafter  he  remained  identified  with  his 
former  instructors  and  then  formed  a  partnership  with  Mr.  McDaid 
under  the  firm  name  of  McDaid  and  Knight,  and  in  1879  was  ap- 
pointed assistant  city  attorney  by  Julius  S.  Grinnell.  Five  years  later 
(1884)  upon  the  election  of  Mr.'  Grinnell  as  state's  attorney,  Mayor 
Harrison  appointed  Mr.  Knight  attorney  to  fill  the  unexpired  term  of 
Mr.  Grinnell,  and  upon  the  election  of  Hempstead  Washburne  as  city 
attorney  Mr.  Knight  was  appointed  assistant  city  attorney.  In  1887 
he  was  made  assistant  corporation  counsel  under  Mayor  Roche,  and 
July  I,  1889,  he  resigned  and  formed  a  partnership  with  Paul  Brown 
under  the  firm  name  of  Knight  and  Brown,  thus  rounding  out  ten 
years  of  invaluable  service  with  the  municipal  law  department.  Dur- 
ing this  period  he  put  through  a  vast  amount  of  important  business, 
One  of  the  vital  measures  which  he  incorporated  into  the  laws  of 
the  state  was  that  providing  for  the  annexation  of  territory  adjoin- 
ing the  city.  An  act  looking  to  that  end  was  declared  unconstitu- 
tional by  the  supreme  court,  and  Mr.  Knight  was  then  selected  to  pre- 
pare a  new  measure  to  cover  the  case;  this  he  did,  and  it  was  passed 


CHICAGO  AND  COOK  COUNTY 


799 


by  the  legislature  in  1S89.  In  June  of  tlial  year,  under  the  provisions 
of  this  law,  Hyde  Park,  Lake  View,  Jefferson,  the  Town  of  Lake 
and  portions  of  Cieero,  were  annexed  to  Chicago. 

In  Inly,  1889,  Mr.  Knight  resigned  as  assistant  corporation  coun- 
sel and  engaged  in  the  pri\ate  practice  of  his  i)rofession,  under  the 
firm  name  of  KniglU  and  Hrown.  In  1893  tlie  senior  member  was 
appointed  general  counsel  for  the  Lake  Street  h^levated  Railroad 
Ce:)mpanv,    and    in    Ajnil,    i8(;7,    to    a   like   ])osition    with    the    Union 


CI.AKKNl'K    A.    KNKin'L'. 


Elevated  Railway  Company,  the  Northwestern  Elevated  Railroad  and 
all  the  surface  electric  lines  connecting  with  the  North  and  West 
Chicago  Street  railways.  Perhaps  his  most  noteworthy  service  in 
this  capacity  was  the  litigation  which  he  conducted  over  the  right 
to  build  the  Loop  elevated  railroad  on  Lake  and  Van  Buren  streets 
and  Wabash  and  iMfth  avenues.  Tliis  he  handled  with  the  decision, 
good  judgment  and  jjrofessional  force  whicli  ha\e  marked  his  career 
as  a  pri\'ate  ])ractitioner,  a  represer.tatixe  of  the  ci(_\-  and  an  advocate 


8oo  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

of  transportation  improvements.  Mr.  Knight  is  president  of  the 
Chicago  and  Oak  Park  Elevated  road,  which  office  in  connection  with 
his  legal  identification  with  other  lines  mentioned,  makes  him  one 
of  the  strongest  factors  in  Chicago  in  the  management  and  develop- 
ment of  the  transportation  systems  of  the  municipality.  In  1903 
the  firm  of  Knight  and  Brown  was  discontinued,  after  which  the 
senior  practiced  alone  until  November,  1904,  when  he  associated 
himself  with  the  late  Hon.  George  W.  Brown,  the  firm  thereby  re- 
maining Knight  and  Brown. 

In  1877  Mr.  Knight  married  Miss  Dell  Brown,  daughter'  oiJ^^r^ 
H.  T.  Brown,  of  McHenr}^  Illinois,  and  their  children  are  Bessie 
and  James  H.  Knight.  Mr.  Knight  has  long  been  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  fraternity,  and  is  a  Knight  Templar  of  Chevalier  Bayard 
Commandery.  He  also  belongs  to  the  Royal  League  and  is  a  member 
of  the  Union  League  and  the  South  Shore  Country  clubs. 

Carl  Richard  Chindblom,  a  member  of  the  Chicago  bar  since  1900, 

is  prominent  in  affairs,,  widely  known  as  a  public  speaker,  and  wields 

a  large  influence  in  Swedish -American  circles.     Of 

^  "         Swedish  parentage,  he  was  born,  in  Chicago,  De- 

ChINDBLOM.  ,  o  TT-  11  f.       ,    . 

cember  21,  1870.     His  parents,  who  have  lived  m 

Chicago  nearly  forty  years,  are  Carl  P.  Chindblom,  a  tailor  by  trade, 
and  Mrs.  Christina  C.  Chindblom,  nee  Engel,  both  of  whom  came 
to  this  city  from  Asbo,  Ostergotland,  Sweden.  The  son  studied  in 
the  public  schools  of  this  city  and  also  attended  a  private  school  for 
the  study  of  the  Swedish  language.  In  September,  1884,  he  was  en- 
rolled as  a  student  in  the  academic  department  of  Augustana  College, 
at  Rock  Island,  Illinois,  graduating  from  this  institution  with  the 
degree  of  A.  B.  in  May,  1890.  Continuing  his  studies,  he  engaged 
in  various  employments  until  the  fall  of  1893,  when  he  accepted 
a  position  as  teacher  in  the  Martin  Luther  College,  an  institution  then 
just  opening  in  Chicago.  He  severed  his  connection  with  this  institu- 
tion in  1896,  having  in  the  meantime  received  the  honorary  degree 
of  A.  M.  from  Bethany  College,  Lindsborg,  Kansas.  In  January, 
1897,  he  enrolled  as  a  student  in  the  Kent  College  of  Law  in  Chicago, 
and  graduated  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  June,  1898.  Despite 
this  rapid  recognition  of  his  qualifications,  the  law  required  three 
full  3''ears  of  study  for  admission  to  the  bar,  and  he  continued  prep- 
aration for  the  legal  profession  until  the  spring  of  1900,  when,  upon 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  80 1 

examination  l)ef()re  tlie  state  board,  he  was  admitted  to  practice. 
Since  thai  lime  he  has  practiced  law  in  Chicago,  and  has  offices  at 
the  present  time  at  160  W^ashington  street  (snite  807-811).  For 
several  years  he  has  been  secretary  and  attorney  for  the  First  Swedish 
Building  and  Loan  Association. 

Mr.  Chindblom's  abilil}'  as  a  puljlic  speaker  and  his  activity  in 
political  and  public  affairs  has  often  brought  him  before  the  public 
to  make  addresses  on  festival  and  oilier  occasions,  not  only  in  Chi- 
cago, but  at  other  places  in  Illinois  and  in  other  states.  He  is  a 
Republican  in  politics  and  has  done  niuch  campaign  work  in  his 
home  city  and  state  and  elsewhere.  In  the  fall  of  1894  his  services 
were  engaged  by  the  Republican  state  committee  of  Michigan,  and 
in  the  campaigns  of  1896,  1898  and  1900  he  did  service  as  political 
speaker  for  both  tlie  Illinois  state  and  National  Republican  com- 
mittees, speaking  in  both  the  English  and  Swedish  languages.  Mr. 
Chindblom  was  in  1903  elected  president  of  the  Swedish-American 
Republican  League  of  Illinois.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Gethsemane 
Swedish  Lutheran  church  and  of  several  fraternal  and  social  or- 
ganizations. He  is  a  member  of  St.  Bernard  Commandery  and  of 
the  Mystic  Shrine. 

He  has  served  on  the  board  of  directors  of  Augustana  College 
and  Theological  Seminary,  also  on  that  of  the  North  Star  Benefit 
Association,  with  head  office  at  Moline,  Illinois.  He  was  one  of  the 
committee  which  reorganized  the  present  Scandia  Life  Insurance 
Company.  Early  in  1906  Mr.  Chindblom  was  appointed  attorney  for 
the  state  board  of  health,  by  Governor  Deneen,  and  in  the  fall  of 
the  same  year  w-as  elected  county  commissioner  on  the  Republican 
ticket. 

Mr.  Chindblom  married,  April  27,  1907,  Miss  Christine  M. 
Nilsson,  daughter  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hjalmar  Nilsson,  of  Minneapolis. 
Mrs.  Chindljjom  is  an  accomplished  pianist.  They  reside  at  614  Foster 
avenue. 

Albert  N.  Eastman,  senior  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Eastman. 
Eastman  and  White,  has  been  actively  connected  with  the  Chicago  bar 

for  twenty-two  years,  during  which  period  he  has 

■p  '       gained  a  substantial  reputation  as  a  close  student 

of  the  law  and  a  ])ainstaking,  able  and  strictly  re- 
liable lawyer.      Fie  is  also  a   Rejmblican  of  advanced   position,   and 

vui.  11—20 


8o2  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

is  a  strong  factor  in  the  work  of  the  Hamihon  Club,  of  which  he  is 
a  Hfe  member.  He  was  formerly  president  and  for  several  years 
director  of  the  Lincoln  Club,  another  influential  political  organiza- 
tion of  the  west,  similar  to  the  Hamilton  Club. 

Mr.  Eastman  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  in  Kingsville,  Ashtabula 
county,  October  17,  1864.  and  is  a  representative  of  a  pioneer  family 
of  the  Buckeye  state.  The  first  member  of  the  Eastman  family  to 
settle  in  America  came  to  this  country  in  1632.  The  grandparents 
of  Albert  N.  Eastman  were  Porter  G.  and  Phoebe  Eastman,  who 
were  early  settlers  of  the  Western  Reserve  of  Ohio,  the  former  be- 
coming a  wealthy  citizen  of  that  section  of  the  state.  He  gave 
his  influential  support  to  all  educational  and  moral  movements  and 
institutions,  within  the  scope  of  his  powers  and  of  which  his  good 
judgment  approved.  He  was  also  a  stanch  Abolitionist  at  a  time 
when  his  opinions  were  by  no  means  popular,  and  proved  his  faith 
by  his  works  in  the  conduct  of  the  far-famed  and  widely  extended 
"underground   railway." 

The  parents  of  Albert  N.  Eastman,  Henry  A.  and  Sarah  F. 
(Parrish)  Eastman,  removed  to  Chicago  with  their  family  in  1872, 
but  four  years  later  returned  to  their  Ohio  home.  This  was  not  the 
elder  Eastman's  first  venture  into  the  western  metropolis.  An  old 
miner  of  1852  and  one  of  the  first  to  prospect  the  famous  Virginia 
district,  he  returned  east  in  the  early  sixties,  came  to  Chicago  and,  in 
connection  with  his  two  cousins,  founded  a  branch  of  Eastman's 
Business  College.  In  1872  he  was  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Board 
of  Trade,  but  decided  to  spend  the  last  years  of  his  life  in  the  state 
to  which  he  was  so  attached  by  family  ties  and  associations. 

Albert  N.  E^astman,  however,  decided  otherwise.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  and  Academy  of  Kingsville,  Ohio,  in  the 
high  school  of  Ashtabula,  that  state,  and  under  the  direction  of  Rev. 
Joseph  N.  McGiffert,  a  prominent  minister  of  that  place,  under  whose 
careful  instruction  he  completed  a  collegiate  course.  Thus  possessed 
of  a  broad  general  knowledge,  he  came  to  Chicago  to  penetrate  and 
master  the  intricacies  of  the  law.  His  first  experience  as  a  law 
student  was  obtained  in  the  office  of  Smith  and  Helmer,  and,  having 
passed  a  creditable  examination  before  the  state  supreme  court,  sitting 
at  Ottawa,  Illinois,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  May,  1887.  In 
the  following  September  he  entered  the  office  of  Weighlev,  Bulkley 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  803 

and  Gray,  becoming  a  partner  of  the  firm  in  1894.  In  May,  1895,  the 
association  was  dissolved,  and  with  the  senior  member  Mr.  Eastman 
formed  the  firm  of  Weighley  and  Eastman,  which,  in  turn,  was  dis- 
solved in  June,  1896.  Since  that  time  Mr.  Eastman  has  practiced 
alone  and  in  connection  with  his  present  associates,  under  the  firm 
name  of  Eastman,  Eastman  and  White.  During  the  last  nine  years, 
in  addition  to  his  regular  practice,  he  has  given  a  large  portion  of  his 
time  to  corporation  work.  He  has  also  organized  many  corporations, 
cjuite  a  number  of  which  constitute  the  controlling  power  in  their 
line.  In  many  of  these  companies  Mr.  Eastman  acts  both  as  director 
and  general  counsel. 

Few  men  are  more  widely  known  among  the  general  practitioners 
of  the  country  than  Mr.  Eastman,  as,  among  many  other  activities,  he 
enjoys  an  influential  participation  in  the  affairs  of  the  Commercial 
Law  League  of  America.  This  is  an  organization  composed  of 
several  thousand  lawyers  of  the  United  States  and  Canada,  and,  with 
the  American  Bar  Association  (of  which  he  is  also  an  active  member) 
is  the  leading  professional  organization  of  the  country.  While  de- 
voting his  energies  and  abilities  to  the  interests  of  the  league,  until 
last  year  Mr.  Eastman  refused  to  accept  office,  but  in  1907,  by  a  unani- 
mous vote,  he  was  elected  president. 

Albert  N.  Eastman  was  married  in  July,  1889,  to  Miss  Myrta 
E.  Hopkins,  daughter  of  William  L.  Hopkins,  and  granddaughter 
of  Alden  W.  Walker,  one  of  the  pioneer  Methodist  ministers  of 
Ashtabula  county,  Ohio,  where  Mrs.  Eastman  was  born.  Two  children 
have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Eastman,  namely:  Walker  P.  and 
Frances  E.  The  family  home  is  in  Edgewater,  Chicago.  Mr.  East- 
man is  a  leader  in  the  work  of  the  Edgewater  Presbyterian  church, 
of  which  for  seven  years  he  has  been  a  member  and  a  trustee,  having 
also  served  as  president  of  the  board  of  trustees  for  several  years. 
Mr.  Eastman  is  a  member  of  the  International  Law  Association, 
Illinois  State  Bar  Association  and  Chicago  Bar  Association;  is  also 
a  thirty-second  degree  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Ravenswood  Lodge 
No.  y'jy,  Columbia  Chapter  No.  202,  Oriental  Consistory  and  Me- 
dinah  Temple,  all  of  Chicago.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Auto- 
mobile Club;  is  identified  with  the  Country  and  Golf  clubs  of  Edge- 
water,  and  has  been  president  of  the  former,  which  is  one  of  the 


8o4  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

largest  and  most  prominent  clubs  of  the  city.  He  is  also  a  life  mem- 
ber of  the  Chicago  Press  Club. 

Horace  Hawes  Martin,  of  the  leading  and  substantial  law  firm 
of  Herrick,  Allen,  Boyesen  and  Martin,  is  a  son  of  the  Empire  state, 

and  was  born  at  Olean,  Cattaraugus  county,  on  the 
,  ■       24th  of  September,  1855.     He  entered  Racine  Col- 

lege, Racine,  Wisconsin,  and  continued  there  the 
education  begun  in  the  public  schools  of  New  York  state.._^  After  his 
graduation  from  Racine  College  he  was  offered  the  position  of  in- 
structor therein,  and  was  thus  engaged  for  three  years.  ^^\.^, 

In  the  imparting  of  knowledge  to  others,  Mr.  Martin  secured  the 
double  advantage  of  the  more  firmly  implanting  it  in  his  own  mind, 
as  well  of  securing  the  means  to  carry  out  his  cherished  ambition  of 
adding  a  legal  education  to  his  literary  acquirements.  In  1877  he 
entered  the  Harvard  Law  School,  and  three  years  later  obtained  his 
professional  degree  of  LL.  B.  The  year  of  his  graduation  from  Har- 
vard (1880)  he  located  in  Chicago,  and,  upon  his  admission  to  the 
Illinois  bar,  entered  the  law  office  of  the  late  Hon.  William  C. 
Goudy.  There  he  remained  for  some  time,  his  next  connection  being 
with  Dexter,  Herrick  and  Allen,  in  whose  emplo}^  he  remained  for 
five  years.  After  practicing  alone  for  about  the  same  length  of  time 
Mr.  Martin  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Swift,  Campbell,  Jones 
and  Martin,  and  since  1896  has  been  a  representative  in  the  well- 
known  co-partnership  of  Herrick,  Allen,  Boyesen  and  Martin,  gen- 
eral practitioners. 

Mr.  Martin  is  one  of  the  leading  office  lawyers  in  Chicago,  and 
enters  into  the  preparation  of  cases  with  a  thoroughness  and  a 
breadth  of  view,  which  have  generally  proved  assurances  of  success 
in  the  court  room,  whether  the  campaign  is  one  of  offense  or  defense. 
He  is  a  man  of  broad  literary  culture,  deep  legal  knowledge  and 
keen  practical  insight,  and  as  such  is  a  noticeably  strong  element  in 
the  continued  advancement  of  his  firm.  Professionally,  he  is  identi- 
fied with  the  American  and  Chicago  Bar  Associations  and  the  Law 
Club,  and  also  belongs  to  the  University,  Caxton  and  Onwentsia 
clubs.  He  is  also  in  close  touch  with  the  musical  and  intellectual 
advancement  of  Chicago,  being  a  member  of  the  reorganized  Thomas 
Orchestra,  and  of  the  Newberry  Library. 

On  November  18,  1892,  Mr.  Martin  married  Miss  Florence  Eve- 


CHICAGO    AXD    COOK    COUNTY  805 

lyn  Durkee,  of  Buffalo,  New  York,  and  they  reside  at  Lake  Forest. 
In  politics  he  was  formerly  a  Cleveland  Democrat,  but  is  now  a  con- 
servative Republican. 

Senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Gorham  and  Wales  and  a  risinc; 
and  able  lawyer  of  Chicago,  Sidney  Smith   Gorham  is  a  native  of 

Yermont,  born  in  Rutland  county,  November  6. 
„  ■        1874.      He    is   a    son    of    b'rank    E.    and    Mary   J. 

(Smith)  Gorham,  the  father  dying  at  Rutland,  that 
county,  when  he  was  about  forty-five  years  of  age,  while  the  mother 
resides  at  Lagrange.  Illinois.  Mr.  Gorham  obtained  his  education  in 
the  country  schools  of  his  native  county  and  at  the  Rutland  graded 
schools.  In  1890.  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years,  be  became  a  resident 
of  Chicago,  and  in  1894  graduated  from  the  Chicago  College  of  Law. 
He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1895. 

From  July.  1890,  until  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  1895.  Mr.  Gor- 
ham was  employed  as  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  Mills  and  Ingham,  and 
after  Mr.  Ingham's  death  he  remained  in  the  employ  of  Luther  Laflin 
Mills.  For  the  eight  years  immediately  following  his  admission  to 
the  bar  he  practiced  alone.  On  December  i,  1903,  he  entered  into 
a  partnership  with  his  former  employer,  Luther  Laflin  Mills,  and  the 
latter's  son,  Matthew,  under  the  name  of  Mills,  Gorham  and  Mills. 
After  withdrawing  from  the  firm  on  July  i,  1905,  Mr.  Gorham  prac- 
ticed alone  until  May,  1906,  when  he  associated  himself  with  Henry 
W.  Wales  under  the  present  st5de  of  Gorham  and  Wales,  with  offices 
in  the  New  York  Life  building.  The  firm  ejigages  in  a  general  civil 
practice. 

Mr.  Gorham  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  and  is 
also  identified  with  the  Chicago  Athletic  Association,  Lagrange 
Country,  Illini  Country,  Hinsdale  Golf  and  the  Chicago  Automobile 
clubs,  as  well  as  with  the  state  and  national  organizations  devoted  to 
the  latter  sport.  Mr.  Gorham  is  one  of  the  most  enthusiastic  auto- 
mobilists  in  the  west.  He  has  served  as  secretary  of  the  Chicago  Au- 
tomobile Club  for  four  terms,  has  been  president  of  the  Illinois  State 
Automobile  Association  for  two  terms,  and  has  been  honored  with 
the  secretaryship  of  the  American  Automobile  Association  for  one 
term.  In  1906  he  was  a  member  of  the  Vanderbilt  cup  commission. 
He  has  always  taken  a  deep  interest  in  good  roads  movements  and 
in  state  laws  tending  to  advance  the  best  interests  of  automobiling. 


8o6  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

As  the  representative  of  the  lUinois  motorists,  he  attended  the  legis- 
lative session  of  1905,  and  largely  through  his  efforts  a  bill  was 
passed  similar  in  its  provisions  to  the  present  statute,  but  the  measure 
was  vetoed  by  Governor  Deneen.  Again,  at  the  session  of  ,the  Forty- 
fifth  General  Assembly,  in  1907,  he  was  delegated  to  look  after  the 
interests  of  the  motoring  fraternity  of  the  state.  He  prepared  the 
statute  "defining  motor  vehicles  and  providing  for  the  registration  of 
the  same,  and  uniform  rules  regulating  the  use  andrspeed  thereof," 
which  passed  the  legislature  and  became  the  present^aw  without  the 
-governor's  signature.  To  Mr.  Gorham's  car  was  assigned  No>i~j5y 
the  secretary  of  state. 

On  July  15,  1896,  Mr.  Gorham  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Myrtle  Genevieve  Willett,  daughter  of  Consider  H.  and  Lois  A.  Wil- 
lett.     One  child  of  their  family  is  living,  Sidney  S.  Gorham,  Jr. 

John  McRae  Cameron,  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Custer  and 
Cameron,  was  born  in  Ottawa,  Illinois,  on  the   i8th  of  September, 

1867,  son  of  Neil  and  Mary   (McRae)    Cameron. 

^  ■         Early  in  his  life  the  family  removed  to  Chicago,  in 

whose  grammar  and  high  schools  he  received  his 
education  preparatory  to  the  study  of  the  law. 

When  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  in  1889  Mr.  Cameron  was  a 
clerk  in  the  law  ofiice  of  Campbell  and  Custer  and  remained  with 
that  firm  until  the  death  of  William  J.  Campbell  in  1896,  after  which 
he  continued  his  connection  with  the  new  firm  of  Custer,  Goddard 
and  Griffin.  In  1903  he  became  actively  identified  with  Jacob  R. 
Custer  and  Joseph  A.  Griffin  in  the  formation  of  the  firm  of  Custer, 
Griffin  and  Cameron,  and  since  May  i,  1908,  has  remained  in  prac- 
tice with  Mr.  Custer  under  the  style  of  Custer  and  Cameron.  Mr. 
Cameron  is  a  member  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association  and  the  Illi- 
nois State  Bar  Association,  the  Riverside  Golf  Club  and  the  Church 
Club.  He  is  a  thirty-second  degree  Mason;  in  politics  a  Republican, 
and  in  his  religious  faith  an  Episcopalian. 

On  New  Year's  day  of  1895  Mr.  Cameron  was  united  in  mar- 
riage with  Miss  Anna  M.  Iverson  and  they  have  had  three  children — 
Alan  C,  Juliette  A.  and  Anita  C. — of  whom  the  second  named  is  de- 
ceased. From  1869  to  1896  Mr.  Cameron  lived  in  Chicago,  but  since 
the  latter  year  his  home  has  been  in  Riverside,  of  which  village  he 
was  a  trustee  from  1901  to  1905,  and  was  elected  president  in  1905 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  807 

and  re-elected  in  1907.  Otherwise,  he  has  never  been  an  office 
holder  or  candidate  for  any  public  position. 

The  law  practice  of  Mr.  Cameron  has  not  been  confined  to  any 
special  or  narrow  field,  but  has  been  of  a  brcjad  and  general  charac- 
ter, and  his  advice  is  sought  b\  a  number  of  the  leading  business  in- 
terests of  Chicago. 

Howard  O.  Sprogle,  LL.  B.,  J.  B.,  was  born  at  Franklin,  Penn- 
sylvania, August   I,    1855.     While  still  a  little  boy  his  parents   re- 

^       moved  to  Philadelphia,  and  later  to  Illinois,  where 

Howard  O.      ,  .    .  ^,  ^  ■    u    •  11  xj 

^  his  father  was  engaged  ni  busmess  as  a  banker.     He 

was  educated  at  St.  Ignatius  College  and  the  old 
Chicago  University.  After  a  year  spent  in  Europe  he  took  up  the 
study  of  law  in  the  office  of  Hoyne,  Horton  and  Hoyne,  Chicago, 
concluding  his  law  studies  at  the  University  of  Pennsylvania,  Phila- 
delphia, where  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  January,  1878,  and 
began  the  practice  of  law.  In  1879  Mr.  Sprogle  went  to  Denver, 
Colorado,  where  he  became  assistant  district  attorney.  He  was  act- 
ing district  attorney  at  Leadville  during  the  height  of  that  great  min- 
ing camp's  boom.  After  the  several  years  in  Colorado  he  returned 
to  Philadelphia  and  later  practiced  in  Virginia  for  a  while. 

In  1890  Mr.  Sprogle  married  Ema  Katherine  Hopson  of  Chi- 
cago. In  1893  he  removed  with  his  family  from  Philadelphia  to 
Chicago.  When  Charles  S.  Deneen  was  elected  state's  attorney  in 
1896  Mr.  Sprogle  became  assistant  state's  attorney  and  for  seven 
years  was  in  charge  of  the  grand  juries,  besides  being  engaged  in 
trial  work.  In  1903  he  was  nominated  for  the  circuit  court  bench 
and  was  defeated  with  the  rest  of  the  Republican  ticket  at  the  judi- 
cial election  that  year.  At  the  end  of  the  same  year  he  resigned  from 
the  state's  attorney's  office  and  engaged  in  private  practice.  He  was" 
also  on  the  independent  judicial  ticket,  headed  by  ex-judge  Gwynne 
Garnett,  for  the  municipal  bench  in  1906. 

Many  of  the  provisions  of  the  new  municipal  code  were  drafted 
by  Mr.  Sprogle  at  the  request  of  the  Civic  Federation,  and  the  com- 
pilers of  the  code.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  executive  commit- 
tee of  the  Civic  Federation  for  several  years  and  in  that  connection 
has  been  identified  with  the  proposed  legislation  for  jury  and  revenue 
reform.     He  is  professor  of  the  law  of  crimes  at  the  Chicago  Law 


8o8  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

School  and  assistant  professor  of  medical  jurisprudence  at  the  Amer- 
ican College  of  Medicine  and  Surgery. 

Mr.  Sprogle  is  a  member  of  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association 
and  of  the  Chicago  Bar  Association.  He  is  a  thirty-second  degree 
Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Shrine.  His  family  consists  of  a  wife 
and  three  children,  two  daughters  and  a  son.        ,     / 

William  Sidney  Elliott,  Jr.,  was  one  of  the  ablest ,~  most  suc- 
cessful and  kindly  lawyers  ever  engaged  in  the  practice  of  criminal 

law  in  Chicago.      Quiet,   determined  and   industfi^ 

„  T  *      ous,  at  the  same  time  a  brilliant  and  original  speak- 

Elliott,  Jr.  •     •        j-      .  u-  i 

er,    he    possessed    a    convmcmg    directness,    which 

made  him  a  remarkable  advocate  and  a  strong  citizen  of  Chicago. 

Mr.  Elliott  was  a  native  of  Niles,  Michigan,  son  of  William  Sidney 

and  Caroline  (Morse)   Elliott,  and  was  born  at  Niles,  Michigan,  on 

the  ist  of  May,  1849.     O^^^  '^^  his  famous  ancestors  was  John  Eliot, 

the  Indian  missionary. 

When  he  was  eight  years  of  age  his  parents  moved  from  Michi- 
gan to  Ouincy,  Illinois,  where  he  received  an  education  in  the  public 
schools  and  at  a  local  academy.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  was  obliged 
to  leave  school  and  take  a  clerkship  in  a  Ouincy  bank,  which  he  held 
for  about  four  years.  Coming  to  Chicago  in  March,  1869,  he  imme- 
diately secured  a  position  with  the  old  State  Insurance  Company.  At 
the  end  of  a  year's  service  with  that  company,  the  young  man  opened 
an  office  of  his  own  in  the  line  of  insurance  brokerage.  For  ten  years 
thereafter  he  conducted  one  of  the  largest  and  most  prosperous  enter- 
prises of  the  kind  in  the  city.  As  his  financial  condition  now  enabled 
him  to  prepare  himself  for  a  legal  career,  and  his  inclination  in  that 
direction  had  been  warmly  encouraged  by  Luther  Laflin  Mills,  his 
friend,  in  1879  ^^  entered  the  office  of  the  late  Emery  A.  Storrs  to 
take  up  his  professional  studies.  He  continued  there  for  three  years 
as  a  student,  in  1882  was  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  and  was  at 
once  received  into  partnership  by  his  former  preceptor.  Quite  dis- 
similar in  temperament,  but  close  friends  and  unfeigned  admirers  of 
each  other's  distinctive  abilities,  the  two  formed  an  ideal  firm,  and 
continued  associated  until  Mr.  Storr's  death  in  1887. 

Soon  after  the  death  of  his  friend  and  partner  Mr.  Elliott  was  ap- 
pointed assistant  state's  attorney  under  Judge  Longenecker,  and  dur- 


CHTCAGO    AXD    COOK    COUXTV  809 

ing  the  five  years  in  which  he  held  tlie  oflice  he  conducted  ne'arly 
six  thousand  cases.  This  is  considered  the  Ijcst  record  yet  made  in 
the  conduct  nf  that  ofiice,  and  his  resignation  called  forth  the  warmest 
words  of  i)raisc  and  regret  from  the  bench.  l)ar  and  press  of  the  city. 
Despite  his  notable  successes  of  later  years,  there  was  probably  no 
lawyer  in  Chicago  who  assumed  more  cases  for  the  conduct  nf  which 
he  neither  asked  nor  expected  financial  compensation. 

Mr.  Elliott's  manner  of  pleading  a  case  differed  greatly  from  the 
ordinary.  Tie  rarely  ])rei)are  1  a  brief  or  (|uoted  authorities,  but  de- 
pended largely  upon  gaining  the  sympathy  of  the  judge  and  jury  by 
the  intrinsic  merits  of  his  cause.  He  made  the  case  of  his  client  a 
personal  one  with  each  juror,  compelling  him  to  feel  that  it  was  his 
own,  and  when  he  had  finished  the  jury  was  won  as  a  body.  Per- 
haps his  magnelic  influence  did  not  wholly  lie  in  what  he  said,  for, 
associated  with  his  words  were  a  splendid  physique  and  a  glow-ing 
countenance  wdiich  few  could  resist.  Mr.  Elliott's  death  occurred  on 
the  23rd  of  February,  1908,  at  his  residence,  No.  767  West  Adams 
street. 

The  deceased  was  one  of  the  early  promoters  of  the  Apollo  Music 
Club  of  Chicago,  wdiose  fame  became  wndely  extended.  He  was  a 
favored  leader  in  the  fraternities,  having  been  a  Knight  Templar 
Mason  and  a  Shriner;  regent  of  Garden  City  Council,  Royal  Arcan- 
um; president  of  Stephen  A.  Douglas  Council,  National  Union;  arch- 
on  of  Alpha  Council,  Royal  League;  first  chief  ranger  of  the  An- 
cient Order  of  Foresters  of  America.  He  was  an  earnest  and  an 
active  Republican,  and  a  remarkably  strong  campaign  orator,  but 
ne\'er  held  ofiice.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  Illinois,  iMenoken, 
Marfpiette,  Hamilton  and  Lincoln  clul)s. 

On  the  14th  of  October,  [S71.  Mr.  Elliott  was  united  in  marriage 
with  Miss  Alinda  Caroline  Harris,  daughter  of  James  and  Salome 
Harris,  of  Janesville,  Wisconsin,  and  the  children  l)orn  to  them  are 
as  follows:  Lorenzo  B.,  Daniel  Morse,  Emery  S.,  Jessie  Florence. 
Berdie  Leon  and  Charles  Sumner  (now  deceased).  The  widow  and 
five  children  sr:r\i\e  tlie  deatli  of  their  beloved  and  honored  husband 
and  father,  two  of  the  sons.  Lorenzo  B.  and  Daniel  IM.  Elliott,  being 
practicing  lawyers  and  for  a  number  of  years  associated  with  the 
elder  under  the  firm  name  of  W.  S.  Elliott  and  Sons. 


8io  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

Perhaps  no  name  is  better  known  in  the  legal  profession  of  Cook 
county  than  is  the  name  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  Hon.  William 

J.  Hynes.  For  over  thirty  years  he  has  held  a  com- 
-^  •^'      manding  position  at  the  bar  in  the  city  of  Chicago, 

and  his  fame  as  a  great  trial  lawyer  has  extended 
generally  throughout  the  country.  His  skill  as  a  cross-examiner,  and 
the  convincing  style  of  his  eloquence  as  a  pleader^at  the  bar  have 
been  the  subjects  of  comment  and  admiration  among  his  professional 
brethren  for  many  years.  Indeed,  it  is  a  circumstance  worthy  of 
note,  that  while  Mr.  Hynes'  professional  duties  have  brought  him 
constantly  into  the  activities  of  trial  work  where  controversy  and 
contention  between  opposing  counsel  necessarily  prevail,  his  great- 
est admirers,  among  his  professional  brethren,  have  been  those  who 
at  one  time  and  another  have  had  occasion  to  meet  him  at  the  bar 
and  feel  the  force  of  his  power  as  opposing  counsel  in  the  case. 

Mr.  Hynes,  like  so  many  of  our  great  lawyers,  is  a  native  of  the 
Emerald  Isle — "the  land  of  wit,  wisdom  and  eloquence,"  having  been 
born  at  Kilkee,  in  the  county  Clare,  on  the  31st  day  of  March,  1842, 
and  was  the  only  son  of  Thomas  and  Catherine  (O'Shea)  Hynes. 
His  father,  who  was  a  well-known  architect  and  builder,  died  when 
he  was  six  years  old,  and  five  years  later  (1853)  ^^^^  mother  brought 
the  family  to  the  United  States,  settling  at  Springfield,  Massachu- 
setts. Here  the  boy  regularly  attended  school  until  the  necessity  of 
assisting  in  the  support  of  the  family  compelled  him  to  seek  employ- 
ment, which  he  found  in  the  office  of  the  Springfield  Republican,  a 
well-known  newspaper  of  that  place.  The  fact  that  he  was  thus 
obliged  by  a  sense  of  duty  to  give  up  school  and  seek  employment 
did  not  force  him  to  abandon  his  purpose  of  acquiring  an  education 
or  discourage  him  in  his  plan  to  ultimately  fit  himself  for  the  legal 
profession,  and  consequently,  while  he  was  thus  engaged  in  the  news- 
paper office  and  advancing  step  by  step  in  newspaper  work,  he  was 
likewise  engaged  in  pursuing  his  school  studies  outside  of  working 
hours,  and  by  his  industry  and  aptitude  he  was  able  to  complete  the 
regular  high  school  course,  while  continuing  his  employment  in  the 
newspaper  office.  The  advantage  to  one  who  is  equal  to  it  of  thus 
combining  a  regular  course  of  study  with  newspaper  work,  which  is 
in  itself  both  educational  and  practical,  is  apparent,  and  found  marked 
expression  in  the  subsequent  life  of  this  young  man,  who  thus  *early 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  8ii 

learned  that  the  things  worth  having  are  worth  striving  for,  and 
that  the  efforts  put  forth  in  surmounting  ohstacles  give  increased 
strength  to  the  forces  that  produce  success. 

The  responsibiHties  that  rested  upon  his  young  shoulders  at  this 
time  prevented  him  from  immediately  continuing  his  studies  for  ad- 
mission to  the  bar,  so  he  continued  for  the  time  in  newspaper  work. 
in  which  field  of  endeavor  his  splendid  abilities  gained  him  *wide 
recognition  as  a  clear  thinker  and  forceful  writer  upon  the  current 
topics  of  the  day. 

It  was  during  this  period  of  his  career  that  he  developed  the 
great  powers  of  oratory  for  which  he  has  since  become  noted,  and 
although  quite  young  in  years,  acquired  an  extensive  reputation  as  an 
orator  of  great  force  and  persuasive  power.  His  ambition,  how- 
ever, was  centered  upon  the  practice  of  the  law  as  his  life  work,  and 
as  soon  as  he  found  his  way  clear  to  do  so,  he  laid  down  his  news- 
paper work  and  entered  the  Columbian  University  Law  School,  at 
Washington,  D.  C,  where  he  pursued  his  legal  studies  with  the  same 
diligence  that  marked  his  previous  studies,  until  his  admission  to  the 
bar  in  1870. 

After  his  admission  to  the  bar,  Mr.  Hynes,  following  the  custom 
of  young  lawyers  of  that  day,  turned  his  face  to  the  west  in  search 
of  "an  opening,"  and  finally  located  at  Little  Rock,  Arkansas,  as  a 
likely  place  in  which  to  "hang  out  his  shingle."  Here  his  talents 
met  with  immediate  recognition,  and  it  was  not  long  before  he  was 
in  the  enjoyment  of  a  good  law  practice,  and  at  the  same  time  active- 
ly engaged  in  politics,  as  was  the  practice  of  lawyers  in  those  days. 

Mr.  Hynes  had  always  been  a  warm  admirer  of  Horace  Greeley, 
,  and  heartily  endorsed  the  movement  headed  by  such  men  as  the 
great  editor  of  the  New  York  Tribune,  Charles  Sumner,  and  Carl 
Schurz.  He  became  very  prominent  in  support  of  the  reform  move- 
ment headed  by  these  great  men,  which  led  to  his  being  nominated 
and  elected  in  1872  upon  the  Greeley  ticket  as  a  congressman-at- 
large  from  the  state  of  Arkansas.  In  1874  he  was  re-elected  to  Con- 
gress by  popular  vote  of  the  electors  of  the  district  created  by  the 
legislature,  but  a  so-called  constitutional  convention  called  by  the  de- 
posed Governor  Baxter  passed  an  ordinance  restricting  the  state, 
and  his   "government,"  supported  by  an  armed   force,   refused  and 


8i2  CHICAGO    AND  .COOK    COUNTY 

failed  to  return  the  votes  cast  in  the  legislative  district,  thus  depriv- 
ing Mr.  Hynes  of  the  legal  evidence  of  his  election. 

With  the  broadening  of  his  experience  he  felt,  after  his  term  in 
Congress,  that  he  would  like  a  wider  field  in  which  to  pursue  the 
practice  of  his  profession,  and  while  he  was  considering  whether  he 
should  locate  in  New  York  City  or  Chicago,  he  received  and  accepted 
an  invitation  to  come  to  Chicago  and  deliver  a  Memorial  Day^^dress. 
The  encouragement  that  he  received  on  that  occasion  to  locate  in 
Chicago  determined  his  mind  in  favor  of  the  latter  city,  and  he  ac- 
cordingly came  here  in  1875,  ^'^'^^  formed  a  partnership  with  the  late 
Chief  Justice  Walter  B.  Scates.  He  was  subsequently  for  several 
3^ears  at  the  head  of  the  firm  of  Hynes,  English  &  Dunne.  The  great 
success  that  has  crowned  his  efforts  as  a  lawyer  since  coming  to  Chi- 
cago can  certainly  leave  no  room  for  regret  on  his  part,  although  it 
is  fair  to  presume  that  his  high  talents  and  capabilities  would  have 
brought  him  equal,  if  not  greater,  success  in  the  great  metropolis  of 
the  east,  had  fortune  turned  him  thither. 

His  success  at  the  bar  in  Cook  county  was  almost  immediate.  At 
the  time  he  came  here  there  was  a  coterie  of  lawyers  practicing  at 
the  bar,  whose  great  legal  acumen,  eloquence  and  brilliancy  of  wit 
made  it  seem  as  though  there  was  little  room  at  the  top  of  the  pro- 
fession for  another,  and  yet,  within  a  short  time  after  Mr.  Hynes' 
advent,  it  was  made  manifest  to  all  that  a  new  star  had  been  added 
to  the  brilliant  galaxy  that  was  destined  to  shine  with  undimmed  lus- 
ter long  after  the  others,  one  by  one,  had  ceased  to  illumine  the  pro- 
fession. To  enumerate  all  of  the  interesting  cases  in  which  Mr.  Hynes 
took  a  leading  part  as  counsel  on  one  side  or  the  other  since  coming 
to  Chicago  would  be  to  catalogue  a  majority  of  the  celebrated  cases 
that  have  been  tried  in  and  around  Cook  county  during  the  last  thirty 
years.  Although  devoting  himself  chiefly  to  civil  practice  he  has 
equally  distinguished  himself  in  both  the  criminal  and  civil  courts, 
and  has  displayed  rare  skill  in  the  handling  of  litigation,  whatever 
happened  to  be  its  nature. 

During  the  past  twenty  years  or  more  he  has  been  the  leading  trial 
lawyer  of  the  Chicago  City  Railway  Company  and  is  the  attorney  of 
record  for  that  corporation  in  all  of  its  vast  amount  of  litigation. 
In  times  past  some  of  the  cases  which  are  still  well  remembered  by  the 
public,   in   which   Mr.    Hynes   took   a   distinguished  part"  as   counsel 


CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY  813 

are  the  C.  B.  &  Q.  R.  R.  dynamiters  case,  and  the  first  trial  of  the 
Dr.  Cronin  murder  case,  in  both  of  which  cases  Mr.  Hynes  was 
leading  counsel  for  the  state.  And  within  the  last  couple  of  years 
some  of  the  cases  which  attracted  wide  attention  are  the  beef  trust 
case  and  the  John  R.  Walsh  case  in  the  federal  courts,  in  both  of 
which  he  appeared  for  the  defense,  and  the  condemnation  proceed- 
ings involving  millions  of  dollars  instituted  by  the  C.  &  N.  W.  R.  R. 
Co.  for  the  condemnation  of  land  for  the  site  for  its  new  depot,  in 
which  litigation  he  appeared  for  the  railroad  company. 

While  Mr.  Hynes  has  devoted  himself  to  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession he  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  the  land  of  his  1)irth, 
and  from  his  early  youth  he  has  been  prominently  identified  with 
movements  in  this  country  and  Ireland  seeking  the  freedom  of  his 
native  home  from  English  misrule.  In  times  past  his  oratory  was 
never  quite  so  eloquent  as  when  he  was  upon  the  rostrum  pleading 
Ireland's  cause,  and  during  the  activity  of  the  Irish  movement  in  this 
country  some  years  ago,  his  voice  was  heard  in  behalf  of  Ireland 
in  every  part  of  the  country.  He  freely  gave  his  heart  and  talents 
to  what  he  believed  to  be  a  just  cause,  and  still  has  an  abiding  faith 
that  he  will  live  to  see  the  hope  of  his  youth  fulfilled  and  Ireland  take 
her  place  among  the  nations  of  the  world. 

In  religious  affiliation  Mr.  Hynes  has  always  been  and  is  a  devout 
and  consistent  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He  belongs 
to  a  number  of  social  organizations  and  clubs,  among  which  may  be 
mentioned  the  Chicago  Athletic  Association,  the  South  Shore  Coun- 
try Club,  the  Chicago  Golf  Club  and  the  Chicago  Historical  Society, 
in  most  of  which  he  has  served  in  an  official  capacity. 

Mr.  Hynes  was  married  in  September,  1871,  to  Miss  Jennie  Way, 
daughter  of  Judge  George  B.  Way,  of  Ohio,  and  his  domestic  life 
has  always  been  in  keeping  with  his  high  character  as  a  citizen  and 
a  man. 

Sidney  Corning  Eastman,  who  has  been  a  member  of  the  Chicago 
bar  since  the  4th  of  July,'  1876,  was  born  in  a  house  on   Dearborn 

street,  where  the  Tribune  Imilding  now  stands,  on 

Sidney  C.        y^^j^^^arv  26,   1850.     Of  New  England  Puritan  an- 

EaSTMAN.  ■  •     .       -     ,  „    ,  .  "    .  •     ■       11 

cestrv.  his  t.'ither  was  Zebma  Eastman,  originally 
from  North  Amherst,  Massachusetts,  and  long  prominent  in  public 
and  business  affairs  in  Chicago.     Zebina  Eastman  was  one  of  the  pio- 


8i4  CHICAGO    AND    COOK    COUNTY 

neers  of  the  Chicago  press  and  a  leader  in  the  anti-slavery  movement 
in  the  northwest.  He  edited  the  Western  Citizen  between  1840  and 
1850.  His  mother  was  Mary  Jane  Corning,  of  Burlington,  Vermont. 
Mr.  Eastman  first  attended  school  in  the  Jonefe  school,  on  Harrison 
street,  where  many  other  well-known  Chicagoans  learned  their  first 
lessons.  In  1861,  his  father  having  been  appointed  consul  at  Bristol, 
England,  by  President  Lincoln,  he  lived  in  that  city  until  1869  and 
in  the  meantime  prepared  for  college.  One  winter  was  spent  in  study 
at  Geneva,  Switzerland.  On  his  return  to  the  United  States  he  en- 
tered Michigan  University  and  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A. 
B.  in  1873.  He  then  took  up  the  study  of  law,  at  first  in  the  office 
of  Gookins  and  Roberts,  and  later  with  the  late  Judge  Daniel  L. 
Shorey,  being  admitted  to  the  Illinois  bar  on  July  4,  1876.  In 
December,  1898,  he  was  appointed  referee  in  bankruptcy  by  Judge 
Peter  S.  Grosscup,  of  the  federal  judicial  district  of  Northern  Illi- 
nois, and  has  served  since  by  reappointments  from  Judges  C.  C.  Kohl- 
saat,  Kenesaw  M.  Landis,  and  S.  H.  Bethea.  Mr.  Eastman  was  one 
of  the  founders  of  the  Chicago  Union  League  Club,  and  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Hamilton,  the  Glen  View  Golf,  Caxton,  Law  and 
Church  clubs,  and  the  American  Bar  Association,  the  Illinois  Bar 
Association  and  the  Cook  County  Bar  Association ;  also  a  member  of 
the  Psi  Upsilon  Society  of  Michigan  University.  Mr.  Eastman  mar- 
ried, June  9,  1886,  Miss  Charlotte  Hall,  daughter  of  Israel  Hah,  of 
Ann  Arbor,  Michigan.     Their  home  is  in  Kenilworth. 

Charles  Henry  Aldrich,  ex-solicitor  general  of  the  United  States, 
has  for  more  than  twenty  years  been  a  leading  practitioner  of  the 

Chicago  bar  and  has  long  been  placed  among  the 

.  '     lawyers  of  national  repute.     He  was  born  on  a  farm 

Aldrich.        .     /  t^    ,.  r  ^r      ■■,        ^^ 

m  Lagrange  county,  Indiana,  s